1909

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1909 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1909
MCMIX
Ab urbe condita 2662
Armenian calendar 1358
ԹՎ ՌՅԾԸ
Assyrian calendar 6659
Bahá'í calendar 65–66
Balinese saka calendar 1830–1831
Bengali calendar 1316
Berber calendar 2859
British Regnal year 8  Edw. 7   9  Edw. 7
Buddhist calendar 2453
Burmese calendar 1271
Byzantine calendar 7417–7418
Chinese calendar 戊申(Earth  Monkey)
4605 or 4545
     to 
己酉年 (Earth  Rooster)
4606 or 4546
Coptic calendar 1625–1626
Discordian calendar 3075
Ethiopian calendar 1901–1902
Hebrew calendar 5669–5670
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1965–1966
 - Shaka Samvat 1830–1831
 - Kali Yuga 5009–5010
Holocene calendar 11909
Igbo calendar 909–910
Iranian calendar 1287–1288
Islamic calendar 1326–1327
Japanese calendar Meiji 42
(明治42年)
Javanese calendar 1838–1839
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4242
Minguo calendar 3 before ROC
民前3年
Nanakshahi calendar 441
Thai solar calendar 2451–2452
Tibetan calendar 阳土猴年
(male Earth-Monkey)
2035 or 1654 or 882
     to 
阴土鸡年
(female Earth-Rooster)
2036 or 1655 or 883

1909 ( MCMIX ) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar , the 1909th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 909th year of the 2nd millennium , the 9th year of the 20th century , and the 10th and last year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1909, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Friday is any non-leap year that begins on Friday, 1 January, and ends on Friday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is C. The most recent year of such kind was 2010 and the next one will be 2021 in the Gregorian calendar, or, likewise, 2011 and 2022 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 2100, will also be a common year starting on Friday in the Gregorian calendar. See below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in August. Leap years starting on Thursday share this characteristic, but also have another one in February.

Contents

Events

JanuaryFebruary

William Taft 27th President of the United States William Howard Taft, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front.jpg
William Taft 27th President of the United States

January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 358 days remaining until the end of the year.

Colombia Country in South America

Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a sovereign state largely situated in the northwest of South America, with territories in Central America. Colombia shares a border to the northwest with Panama, to the east with Venezuela and Brazil and to the south with Ecuador and Peru. It shares its maritime limits with Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic. Colombia is a unitary, constitutional republic comprising thirty-two departments, with the capital in Bogota.

Panama Republic in Central America

Panama, officially the Republic of Panama, is a country in Central America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north, and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The capital and largest city is Panama City, whose metropolitan area is home to nearly half the country's 4 million people.

MarchApril

March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 302 days remaining until the end of the year.

William Howard Taft 27th president of the United States

William Howard Taft was the 27th president of the United States (1909–1913) and the tenth chief justice of the United States (1921–1930), the only person to have held both offices. Taft was elected president in 1908, the chosen successor of Theodore Roosevelt, but was defeated for re-election by Woodrow Wilson in 1912 after Roosevelt split the Republican vote by running as a third-party candidate. In 1921, President Warren G. Harding appointed Taft to be chief justice, a position in which he served until a month before his death.

Inauguration of William Howard Taft 36th United States presidential inauguration

The inauguration of William Howard Taft as the 27th President of the United States was held on Thursday, March 4, 1909 in the Senate Chamber at the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C.. The inauguration marked the commencement of William Howard Taft's only term as President and of James S. Sherman's only term as Vice President. Sherman died 3 years, 240 days into this term, and the office remained vacant for the balance of it.

MayJune

May 13 is the 133rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 232 days remaining until the end of the year.

May 30 is the 150th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 215 days remaining until the end of the year.

Giro dItalia cycling road race held in Italy

The Giro d'Italia is an annual multiple-stage bicycle race primarily held in Italy, while also occasionally passing through nearby countries. The first race was organized in 1909 to increase sales of the newspaper La Gazzetta dello Sport; however it is currently run by RCS Sport. The race has been held annually since its first edition in 1909, except when it was stopped for the two world wars. As the Giro gained prominence and popularity the race was lengthened, and the peloton expanded from primarily Italian participation to riders from all over the world. The Giro is a UCI World Tour event, which means that the teams that compete in the race are mostly UCI ProTeams, with the exception of the teams that the organizers can invite.

JulyAugust

July 25: Louis Bleriot crosses the English Channel Ernest Montaut19.jpg
July 25: Louis Blériot crosses the English Channel

July 16 is the 197th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 168 days remaining until the end of the year.

Ahmad Shah Qajar Shah of Iran

Ahmad Shah Qajar, was Shah (King) of Persia from 16 July 1909 to 15 December 1925, and the last ruling member of the Qajar dynasty.

Nicholas II of Russia last Emperor of Russia, Grand Duke of Finland, and titular King of Poland

Nicholas II or Nikolai II, known as Saint Nicholas the Passion-Bearer in the Russian Orthodox Church, was the last Emperor of Russia, ruling from 1 November 1894 until his forced abdication on 15 March 1917. His reign saw the fall of the Russian Empire from one of the foremost great powers of the world to economic and military collapse. He was given the nickname Nicholas the Bloody or Vile Nicholas by his political adversaries due to the Khodynka Tragedy, anti-Semitic pogroms, Bloody Sunday, the violent suppression of the 1905 Russian Revolution, the execution of political opponents, and his perceived responsibility for the Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905). Soviet historians portrayed Nicholas as a weak and incompetent leader whose decisions led to military defeats and the deaths of millions of his subjects.

SeptemberOctober

September 4 is the 247th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 118 days remaining until the end of the year.

Empire of Japan Empire in the Asia-Pacific region between 1868–1947

The Empire of Japan was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.

Qing dynasty former empire in Eastern Asia, last imperial regime of China

The Qing dynasty, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China. It was established in 1636, and ruled China proper from 1644 to 1912. It was preceded by the Ming dynasty and succeeded by the Republic of China. The Qing multi-cultural empire lasted for almost three centuries and formed the territorial base for modern China. It was the fifth largest empire in world history. The dynasty was founded by the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan in Manchuria. In the late sixteenth century, Nurhaci, originally a Ming Jianzhou Guard vassal, began organizing "Banners", military-social units that included Manchu, Han, and Mongol elements. Nurhaci formed the Manchu clans into a unified entity. By 1636, his son Hong Taiji began driving Ming forces out of the Liaodong Peninsula and declared a new dynasty, the Qing.

NovemberDecember

Undated

Births

January to April

January

Dana Andrews Dana Andrews in State Fair trailer.jpg
Dana Andrews
Barry Goldwater Barry Goldwater photo1962.jpg
Barry Goldwater
Victor Borge Victor-Borge.jpg
Victor Borge
Ann Sothern Ann Sothern 1960.JPG
Ann Sothern
U Thant U Thant (1963).jpg
U Thant

February

Dean Rusk Dean Rusk.jpg
Dean Rusk
Miep Gies Miep Gies (1987).jpg
Miep Gies

March

Hector Jose Campora Hector J Campora.jpg
Héctor José Cámpora

April

Juliana of the Netherlands Prinses Juliana 1981.jpg
Juliana of the Netherlands

May to August

May

Margaret Sullavan Studio publicity Margaret Sullavan.jpg
Margaret Sullavan
Adolfo Lopez Mateos Adolfo Lopez Mateos (1963).jpg
Adolfo López Mateos
Benny Goodman Benny Goodman 1942.jpg
Benny Goodman

June

Errol Flynn Errol Flynn1.jpg
Errol Flynn

July

Andrei Gromyko Andrei Gromyko 1972.jpg
Andrei Gromyko

August

September to December

September

Elia Kazan Kazan-interviews.jpg
Elia Kazan

October

Piotr Jaroszewicz Piotr Jaroszewicz 1977.jpg
Piotr Jaroszewicz
Francis Bacon Francis Bacon artist.jpg
Francis Bacon

November

December

Douglas Fairbanks Jr. Douglas Fairbanks Jnr 4 Allan Warren.jpg
Douglas Fairbanks Jr.

Date unknown

Deaths

January

Saint Arnold Janssen Arnold Janssen.jpg
Saint Arnold Janssen
A. C. Swinburne Picture of Algernon C. Swinburne.jpg
A. C. Swinburne

February

Geronimo Edward S. Curtis Geronimo Apache cp01002v.jpg
Geronimo

March

April

Miguel Angel Juarez Celman Juarez celman president.jpg
Miguel Angel Juarez Celman

May

Saint Alexis Toth Alexis Toth.jpg
Saint Alexis Toth

June

Afonso Pena Afonso Pena.jpg
Afonso Pena

July

August

Saint Mary McKillop Mary MacKillop.jpg
Saint Mary McKillop

September

October

Ito Hirobumi Ito Hirobumi.jpg
Ito Hirobumi

November

Renee Vivien Renee-Vivien.png
Renée Vivien

December

King Leopold II of Belgium Leopold ii garter knight.jpg
King Leopold II of Belgium

Date unknown

Martha Foster Crawford Martha Foster Crawford.jpg
Martha Foster Crawford

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

1952 Year

1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1952nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 952nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1950s decade.

1908 Year

1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1908th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 908th year of the 2nd millennium, the 8th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1908, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1951st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 951st year of the 2nd millennium, the 51st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1950s decade.

1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1957th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 957th year of the 2nd millennium, the 57th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1950s decade.

1939 Year

1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1939th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 939th year of the 2nd millennium, the 39th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1930s decade. This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.

1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1912th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 912th year of the 2nd millennium, the 12th year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1912, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. A key event of this year was the sinking of the infamous RMS Titanic

1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1913th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 913th year of the 2nd millennium, the 13th year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1913, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1946th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 946th year of the 2nd millennium, the 46th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1940s decade.

1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1903rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 903rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 3rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1903, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1907th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 907th year of the 2nd millennium, the 7th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1907, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1915th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 915th year of the 2nd millennium, the 15th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1915, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1910th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 910th year of the 2nd millennium, the 10th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1910, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1921st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 921st year of the 2nd millennium, the 21st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1921, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1955th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 955th year of the 2nd millennium, the 55th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1950s decade.

1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1933rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 933rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 33rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1930s decade.

1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1930th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 930th year of the 2nd millennium, the 30th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1930s decade.

1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1927th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 927th year of the 2nd millennium, the 27th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1920s decade.

1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1935th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 935th year of the 2nd millennium, the 35th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1930s decade.

1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1934th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 934th year of the 2nd millennium, the 34th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1930s decade.

1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1950th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 950th year of the 2nd millennium, the 50th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1950s decade.

References

  1. Morris, Charles (1909). Finding the North Pole. W. E. Scull. pp. 448–49.
  2. "The Magnetic South Pole". Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Magnetics Group, Ocean Bottom Magnetology Laboratory. Archived from the original on April 21, 2016. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
  3. "CQD" Radio Broadcast, April, 1924, pp. 449-455.
  4. "North Pole." The Explorer's Club. Accessed 5 Feb 2014.
  5. Eksteins, Modris (2000). Rites of Spring: The Great War and the Birth of the Modern Age. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. pp. 25–26.
  6. "1909-1910 Season - Description, pictures, highlights and more | Historical Website of the Montreal Canadiens". ourhistory.canadiens.com. Retrieved 2018-07-13.
  7. South African Power Flying Association - 1910 to 1920 - Early Flying in South Africa Archived August 20, 2015, at the Wayback Machine (Accessed on 26 November 2016)

Primary sources and year books

Further reading