1913

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1913 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1913
MCMXIII
Ab urbe condita 2666
Armenian calendar 1362
ԹՎ ՌՅԿԲ
Assyrian calendar 6663
Bahá'í calendar 69–70
Balinese saka calendar 1834–1835
Bengali calendar 1320
Berber calendar 2863
British Regnal year 3  Geo. 5   4  Geo. 5
Buddhist calendar 2457
Burmese calendar 1275
Byzantine calendar 7421–7422
Chinese calendar 壬子(Water  Rat)
4609 or 4549
     to 
癸丑年 (Water  Ox)
4610 or 4550
Coptic calendar 1629–1630
Discordian calendar 3079
Ethiopian calendar 1905–1906
Hebrew calendar 5673–5674
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1969–1970
 - Shaka Samvat 1834–1835
 - Kali Yuga 5013–5014
Holocene calendar 11913
Igbo calendar 913–914
Iranian calendar 1291–1292
Islamic calendar 1331–1332
Japanese calendar Taishō 2
(大正2年)
Javanese calendar 1842–1843
Juche calendar 2
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4246
Minguo calendar ROC 2
民國2年
Nanakshahi calendar 445
Thai solar calendar 2455–2456
Tibetan calendar 阳水鼠年
(male Water-Rat)
2039 or 1658 or 886
     to 
阴水牛年
(female Water-Ox)
2040 or 1659 or 887

1913 ( MCMXIII ) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar , the 1913th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 913th year of the 2nd millennium , the 13th year of the 20th century , and the 4th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1913, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeric system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages.

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year that begins on Wednesday, 1 January, and ends on Wednesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is E. The most recent year of such kind was 2014, and the next one will be 2025 in the in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2009, 2015, and 2026 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 1800, was also a common year starting on Wednesday in the Gregorian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in June. Leap years starting on Tuesday share this characteristic.

Contents

Events

January

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year. This day is known as New Year's Day since the day marks the beginning of the year. It is also the first day of the first quarter of the year and the first half of the year.

British Board of Film Classification British film classification organization

The British Board of Film Classification (BBFC), previously the British Board of Film Censors, is a non-governmental organisation, founded by the film industry in 1912 and responsible for the national classification and censorship of films exhibited at cinemas and video works released on physical media within the United Kingdom. It has a statutory requirement to classify all video works released on VHS, DVD, Blu-ray, and to a lesser extent, some video games under the Video Recordings Act 1984.

January 5 is the fifth day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 360 days remaining until the end of the year.

Ismail Enver Ismail Enver.jpg
Ismail Enver

February

February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 333 days remaining until the end of the year.

Grand Central Terminal Railway terminal in New York City

Grand Central Terminal is a commuter rail terminal located at 42nd Street and Park Avenue in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. Grand Central is the southern terminus of the Metro-North Railroad's Harlem, Hudson and New Haven Lines, serving the northern parts of the New York metropolitan area. It also contains a connection to the New York City Subway at Grand Central–42nd Street. The terminal is the third-busiest train station in North America, after New York Penn Station and Toronto Union Station.

February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 331 days remaining until the end of the year.

February 1: New York's Grand Central Terminal as rebuilt. Grand Central Terminal Exterior 42nd St at Park Ave New York City.jpg
February 1: New York's Grand Central Terminal as rebuilt.

March

March is the third month of the year and named after Mars in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. It is the second of seven months to have a length of 31 days. In the Northern Hemisphere, the meteorological beginning of spring occurs on the first day of March. The March equinox on the 20 or 21 marks the astronomical beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and the beginning of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere, where September is the seasonal equivalent of the Northern Hemisphere's March. Birthday Number the letter "M".

House of Romanov imperial dynasty of Russia

The House of Romanov was the reigning royal house of Russia from 1613 to 1917.

Monarchy system of government where the head of state position is inherited within family

A monarchy is a form of government in which a single person holds supreme authority in ruling a country, also performing ceremonial duties and embodying the country's national identity. Although some monarchs are elected, in most cases, the monarch's position is inherited and lasts until death or abdication. In these cases, the royal family or members of the dynasty usually serve in official capacities as well. The governing power of the monarch may vary from purely symbolic, to partial and restricted, to completely autocratic.

March 4: Wilson sworn in as the 28th president of the United States. President Woodrow Wilson portrait December 2 1912.jpg
March 4: Wilson sworn in as the 28th president of the United States.
March 12: Australia begins building the new capital of Canberra. Naming of city of canberra capital hill 1913.jpg
March 12: Australia begins building the new capital of Canberra.

April

May

May 29: The Rite of Spring is premiered in Paris. RiteofSpringDancers.jpg
May 29: The Rite of Spring is premiered in Paris.

June

July

August

September

The Balkan boundaries after 1913 The Balkan boundaries after 1913.jpg
The Balkan boundaries after 1913

October

Nearly-completed Ford Model Ts at the Highland Park Plant A-line1913 edit.jpg
Nearly-completed Ford Model Ts at the Highland Park Plant
Monument to the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig Volkerschlachtdenkmal Leipzig.JPG
Monument to the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig

November

December

Date unknown

Births

Content
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January–February

Edward Gierek Edward Gierek 1980.jpg
Edward Gierek
Richard Nixon Richard M. Nixon, ca. 1935 - 1982 - NARA - 530679.jpg
Richard Nixon
Gustav Husak Gustav Husak - oriznuto.JPG
Gustáv Husák
Lloyd Bridges Lloyd Bridges 1966.jpg
Lloyd Bridges
Rosa Parks Rosaparks.jpg
Rosa Parks
Kazimierz Sabbat Sabbat.jpg
Kazimierz Sabbat

March–April

Paul Erdos Erdos head budapest fall 1992.jpg
Paul Erdős

May–June

Stewart Granger Stewart Granger 1970.jpg
Stewart Granger
Woody Herman Woody Herman ca.1943.jpg
Woody Herman
Peter Cushing Peter cushing the brides of dracula (1).jpg
Peter Cushing
Alfonso Lopez Michelsen Lopez Michelsen 1977.jpg
Alfonso López Michelsen

July

Maersk Mc-Kinney Moller Maersk-McKinney-Moller m.jpg
Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller
Gerald Ford Gerald Ford presidential portrait (cropped).jpg
Gerald Ford
Red Skelton Red Skelton 1960 rebalance.jpg
Red Skelton
Coral Browne Coral Browne (1989 Academy Awards).jpg
Coral Browne

August

Menachem Begin Menachem Begin 2.jpg
Menachem Begin

September–October

Alan Ladd Alan Ladd 1950s.JPG
Alan Ladd
Stanley Kramer Stanley Kramer.JPG
Stanley Kramer

November

Burt Lancaster Burt Lancaster.jpg
Burt Lancaster
Vivien Leigh Vivien Leigh Gone Wind Restored.jpg
Vivien Leigh
Albert Camus Albert Camus, gagnant de prix Nobel, portrait en buste, pose au bureau, faisant face a gauche, cigarette de tabagisme.jpg
Albert Camus
Lon Nol LonNol.jpg
Lon Nol
Benjamin Britten Benjamin Britten, London Records 1968 publicity photo for Wikipedia.jpg
Benjamin Britten

December

Mary Martin Mary Martin.jpg
Mary Martin
Jean Marais Flickr - ...trialsanderrors - Jean Marais by Carl Van Vechten, 1949.jpg
Jean Marais
Willy Brandt Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F057884-0009, Willy Brandt.jpg
Willy Brandt

Date unknown

Deaths

January

February

Gustaf de Laval Gustaf de Laval 1875.jpg
Gustaf de Laval
Yohan Kazimir Ernrot 2010-03-10 Kasimir Ernrot Exhibition Bonn-Duisdorf.JPG
Yohan Kazimir Ernrot

March

King George I of Greece King George of Hellenes.jpg
King George I of Greece
Manuel Bonilla Manuel Bonilla.jpg
Manuel Bonilla
J. P. Morgan JohnPierpontMorgan.png
J. P. Morgan

April

May

Tancrede Auguste Tancrede Auguste.jpg
Tancrède Auguste

June

Nicolas de Pierola Nicolas Pierola.jpg
Nicolas de Pierola
Manuel Ferraz de Campos Sales Campos Sales.jpg
Manuel Ferraz de Campos Sales

July

Prince Arisugawa Takehito Arisugawa Takahito.jpg
Prince Arisugawa Takehito
Charles Lavigne Charles Lavigne.png
Charles Lavigne
Climaco Calderon Climaco Calderon.jpg
Climaco Calderon

August

Fyodor Kamensky FyodorKamensky.jpg
Fyodor Kamensky

September

Rudolf Diesel Rudolf Diesel2.jpg
Rudolf Diesel

October

Faisal bin Turki Faysal bin Turki.jpg
Faisal bin Turki
Katsura Taro 11 KatsuraT.jpg
Katsura Tarō
Ralph Rose Ralph Rose.jpg
Ralph Rose

November

Sava Grujic General Sava Grujic.jpg
Sava Grujić

December

Leon Letort Leon Letort 1913 postcard.jpg
Léon Letort
Emperor Menelik II Emperor Menelik II.png
Emperor Menelik II
Patriarch Anthimus VII of Constantinople Anthimus vii.jpg
Patriarch Anthimus VII of Constantinople

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

1952 Year

1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1952nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 952nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1950s decade.

1908 Year

1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1908th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 908th year of the 2nd millennium, the 8th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1908, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1951st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 951st year of the 2nd millennium, the 51st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1950s decade.

1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1957th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 957th year of the 2nd millennium, the 57th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1950s decade.

1939 Year

1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1939th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 939th year of the 2nd millennium, the 39th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1930s decade. This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.

1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1912th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 912th year of the 2nd millennium, the 12th year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1912, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. A key event of this year was the sinking of the infamous RMS Titanic

1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1943rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 943rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 43rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1940s decade.

1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1946th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 946th year of the 2nd millennium, the 46th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1940s decade.

1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1907th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 907th year of the 2nd millennium, the 7th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1907, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1902nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 902nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 2nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1902, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1956th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 956th year of the 2nd millennium, the 56th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1950s decade.

1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1910th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 910th year of the 2nd millennium, the 10th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1910, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1921st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 921st year of the 2nd millennium, the 21st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1921, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1933rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 933rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 33rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1930s decade.

1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1953rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 953rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 53rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1950s decade.

1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1930th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 930th year of the 2nd millennium, the 30th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1930s decade.

1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1934th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 934th year of the 2nd millennium, the 34th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1930s decade.

1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1954th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 954th year of the 2nd millennium, the 54th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1950s decade.

1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1909th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 909th year of the 2nd millennium, the 9th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1909, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1950th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 950th year of the 2nd millennium, the 50th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1950s decade.

References

  1. "The National Question and Social Democracy", signed "K. Stalin" in the Russian-language Paris newspaper Sozial Demokrat,
  2. Brackman, Roman (2003). The Secret File of Joseph Stalin: A Hidden Life. Taylor & Francis. pp. 82–83.
  3. Walker, Andy (2013-04-17). "1913: When Hitler, Trotsky, Tito, Freud and Stalin all lived in the same place". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-11-04.
  4. 1 2 Cottrell, Peter (2009). The War for Ireland, 1913-1923. Oxford: Osprey. p. 14. ISBN   978-1-84603-9966.
  5. Service, Robert (2005). Stalin: A Biography. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. pp. 90–91.
  6. "Over 200 Lost in Storm". The New York Times . 1913-03-08.
  7. "British Steamer Lost". The Sydney Morning Herald . 1913-03-10. p. 9. Retrieved 2013-01-19.
  8. "Ship Blows Up" (PDF). The New York Times . 1913-03-08. Retrieved 2012-10-19.
  9. "Study for Woolworth Building, New York". World Digital Library . 1910-12-10. Retrieved 2013-07-25.
  10. Kershaw, Ian (2010). Hitler: A Biography. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 45.
  11. Radio Lab, Show 202: "Musical Language" Archived September 1, 2010, at the Wayback Machine , New York: WNYC (21 April 2006). Host/Producer: Jad Abumrad, Co-Host: Robert Krulwich, Producer: Ellen Horne, Production Executives: Dean Capello and Mikel Ellcessor.
  12. Illies.
  13. "BBC Radio 4 - Woman's Hour - Women's History Timeline: 1910 - 1919". Archived from the original on January 6, 2008. Retrieved 2007-11-30.
  14. "Statistics of urban localities (1908–2004)". INE. 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 23, 2015. Retrieved 2012-09-05.
  15. 1 2 Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. p. 94. ISBN   0-14-102715-0.
  16. "Airman Uses Parachute", New York Times, August 20, 1913.
  17. 1 2 Yeates, Padraig (2009). "The Dublin 1913 Lockout". History Ireland . 9 (2). Retrieved 2012-10-19.
  18. Crowhurst, Richard (2005). "A History of Firsts: Portsmouth Historic Dockyard". TimeTravel-Britain.com. Retrieved 2010-09-09.

Further reading