1914

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1914 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1914
MCMXIV
Ab urbe condita 2667
Armenian calendar 1363
ԹՎ ՌՅԿԳ
Assyrian calendar 6664
Bahá'í calendar 70–71
Balinese saka calendar 1835–1836
Bengali calendar 1321
Berber calendar 2864
British Regnal year 4  Geo. 5   5  Geo. 5
Buddhist calendar 2458
Burmese calendar 1276
Byzantine calendar 7422–7423
Chinese calendar 癸丑(Water  Ox)
4610 or 4550
     to 
甲寅年 (Wood  Tiger)
4611 or 4551
Coptic calendar 1630–1631
Discordian calendar 3080
Ethiopian calendar 1906–1907
Hebrew calendar 5674–5675
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1970–1971
 - Shaka Samvat 1835–1836
 - Kali Yuga 5014–5015
Holocene calendar 11914
Igbo calendar 914–915
Iranian calendar 1292–1293
Islamic calendar 1332–1333
Japanese calendar Taishō 3
(大正3年)
Javanese calendar 1843–1845
Juche calendar 3
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4247
Minguo calendar ROC 3
民國3年
Nanakshahi calendar 446
Thai solar calendar 2456–2457
Tibetan calendar 阴水牛年
(female Water-Ox)
2040 or 1659 or 887
     to 
阳木虎年
(male Wood-Tiger)
2041 or 1660 or 888

1914 ( MCMXIV ) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar , the 1914th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 914th year of the 2nd millennium , the 14th year of the 20th century , and the 5th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1914, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I, after an heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated by Serbian nationalist Gavrillo Princip. It also saw the first airline to provide scheduled regular commercial passenger services with heavier-than-air aircraft, with the St. Petersburg–Tampa Airboat Line.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeric system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year that begins on Thursday, 1 January, and ends on Thursday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is D. The most recent year of such kind was 2015 and the next one will be 2026 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2010 and 2021 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. This common year contains the most Friday the 13ths; specifically, the months of February, March, and November. Leap years starting on Sunday share this characteristic. From February until March in this type of year is also the shortest period that occurs within a Friday the 13th.

Contents

Events

January

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year. This day is known as New Year's Day since the day marks the beginning of the year. It is also the first day of the first quarter of the year and the first half of the year.

St. Petersburg–Tampa Airboat Line

The St. Petersburg–Tampa Airboat Line was the first scheduled airline using a fixed wing aircraft. The airline provided service between St. Petersburg, Florida and neighboring Tampa across Tampa Bay a distance of about 23 miles. It was in service from January to May 1914.

St. Petersburg, Florida City in Florida, United States

St. Petersburg is a city in Pinellas County, Florida, United States. As of the 2015 census estimate, the population was 257,083, making it the fifth-most populous city in Florida and the largest in the state that is not a county seat.

February

February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 332 days remain until the end of the year.

Charlie Chaplin British comic actor and filmmaker

Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film. He became a worldwide icon through his screen persona, "The Tramp", and is considered one of the most important figures in the history of the film industry. His career spanned more than 75 years, from childhood in the Victorian era until a year before his death in 1977, and encompassed both adulation and controversy.

<i>Making a Living</i> 1914 film by Henry Lehrman

Making a Living is the first film starring Charlie Chaplin. It premiered on February 2, 1914. Chaplin plays Edgar English, a lady-charming swindler who runs afoul of the Keystone Kops. It was written and directed by Henry Lehrman.

March

March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 305 days remain until the end of the year.

Universal Postal Union Specialised agency of the United Nations

The Universal Postal Union, established by the Treaty of Bern of 1874, is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that coordinates postal policies among member nations, in addition to the worldwide postal system. The UPU contains four bodies consisting of the Congress, the Council of Administration (CA), the Postal Operations Council (POC) and the International Bureau (IB). It also oversees the Telematics and Express Mail Service (EMS) cooperatives. Each member agrees to the same terms for conducting international postal duties. The UPU's headquarters are located in Bern, Switzerland.

March 6 is the 65th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 300 days remain until the end of the year.

April

April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 271 days remain until the end of the year.

September 27 is the 270th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 95 days remain until the end of the year.

<i>Komagata Maru</i> incident Indian Sikhs hire Japanese ship to travel to Canada

The Komagata Maru incident involved the Japanese steamship Komagata Maru on which a group of citizens of the British Raj attempted to emigrate to Canada in 1914 but were denied entry and forced return to Calcutta, India. There they were fired upon by Indian Imperial Police resulting in the deaths of 20 Sikhs.

May

June

This picture is usually associated with the arrest of Gavrilo Princip, although some believe it depicts Ferdinand Behr, a bystander. Gavrilo Princip captured in Sarajevo 1914.jpg
This picture is usually associated with the arrest of Gavrilo Princip, although some believe it depicts Ferdinand Behr, a bystander.

July

The central temple of the Iglesia ni Cristo Central temple.JPG
The central temple of the Iglesia ni Cristo
Map of European alliances in 1914 Map Europe alliances 1914-en.svg
Map of European alliances in 1914

August

Mobilization in Germany. Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1994-022-19A, Mobilmachung, Truppentransport mit der Bahn.jpg
Mobilization in Germany.
London Daily Mail on Aug 5 Britain declares war--Daily Mail Aug 5, 1914.jpg
London Daily Mail on Aug 5

September

Pope Benedict XV, the new pope Benedictus XV.jpg
Pope Benedict XV, the new pope

October

November

December

Date unknown

Births

Births
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

John Ireland John Ireland in Vengeance Valley trailer.jpg
John Ireland
David Wayne David Wayne in Adams Rib trailer.jpg
David Wayne

February

Alan Lloyd Hodgkin Alan Lloyd Hodgkin nobel.jpg
Alan Lloyd Hodgkin
Ernest Tubb Ernest Tubb publicity portrait - Cropped.jpg
Ernest Tubb
Robert Alda Robert Alda 1976.JPG
Robert Alda

March

Harry Caray Harry Caray 1988.jpg
Harry Caray
Juan Carlos Ongania Saludo militar de Ongania.jpg
Juan Carlos Onganía
Edmund Muskie Portrait of Edmund Muskie, looking up.jpg
Edmund Muskie
Octavio Paz Octavio Paz - 1988 Malmo.jpg
Octavio Paz

April

Alec Guinness Sir Alec Guinness Allan Warren (2).jpg
Alec Guinness
Maria Felix Maria Felix 1947.jpg
María Félix
Norman McLaren Norman McLaren drawing on film - 1944.jpg
Norman McLaren
Marcos Perez Jimenez Marcos Perez Jimenez.jpg
Marcos Pérez Jiménez

May

Tyrone Power Tyrone Power - still.jpg
Tyrone Power
Hank Snow Hanksnowpromoimage.jpg
Hank Snow
Joe Louis Joe Louis by van Vechten.jpg
Joe Louis

June

Yuri Andropov RIAN archive 101740 Yury Andropov, Chairman of KGB.jpg
Yuri Andropov
E.G. Marshall E G Marshall The Bold Ones 1970.JPG
E.G. Marshall

July

Willi Stoph Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1986-0617-024, Willi Stoph (b).jpg
Willi Stoph
Jo Cals Jo Cals 1966.jpg
Jo Cals
Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin (1976).jpg
Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin
Louis de Funes Louis de Funes -- L'Homme orchestre (1970).jpg
Louis de Funès

August

Maurice Bourges-Maunoury Bourges-Maunoury.jpg
Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury
Paul Paavali Gusev-Olmari.jpg
Paul

September

James van Allen James van Allen.jpg
James van Allen
Desmond Llewelyn Desmond Llewelyn 01.jpg
Desmond Llewelyn
Clayton Moore Lone ranger silver 1965.JPG
Clayton Moore
Adolfo Bioy Casares Adolfo Bioy Casares 1968.png
Adolfo Bioy Casares
John Kerr John Kerr 1965.jpg
John Kerr

October

Thor Heyerdahl ThorHeyerdahl.jpg
Thor Heyerdahl
Juanita Moore Studio publicity Moore Juanita.jpg
Juanita Moore
Jonas Salk Jonas Salk candid.jpg
Jonas Salk

November

Hedy Lamarr Hedy Lamarr Publicity Photo for The Heavenly Body 1944.jpg
Hedy Lamarr
Abd al-Karim Qasim Qasim in uniform.png
Abd al-Karim Qasim
Joe DiMaggio 1939 Playball Joe Dimaggio (minus halftone).jpg
Joe DiMaggio

December

Dorothy Lamour Dorothy-Lamour-still.JPG
Dorothy Lamour
Karl Carstens Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F054633-0020, Ludwigshafen, CDU-Bundesparteitag, Carstens (cropped).jpg
Karl Carstens
Bert Parks Bert parks 1956.JPG
Bert Parks

Date unknown

Deaths

Deaths
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

Leonie Aviat Mother Francoise de Sales Aviat.jpg
Leonie Aviat

February

Per Palsson Per Palsson-2.jpg
Per Pålsson

March

Carlos Felipe Morales Presidente Carlos Felipe Morales Languasco.jpg
Carlos Felipe Morales
George Westinghouse George Westinghouse.jpg
George Westinghouse
Christian Morgenstern Morgenstern-h420.jpg
Christian Morgenstern

April

Elena Guerra Guerra Elena.png
Elena Guerra
Benedict Menni Benedeto-menni.jpg
Benedict Menni
Eduard Suess Eduard Suess 1869.jpg
Eduard Suess

May

Elisabeth Leseur Elisabeth Leseur.jpg
Élisabeth Leseur
Eugenio Montero Rios Eugenio Montero Rios 1914.jpg
Eugenio Montero Ríos

June

Abraam StAbram icon.jpg
Abraam
Bertha von Suttner Bertha von Suttner nobel.jpg
Bertha von Suttner
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria Ferdinand Schmutzer - Franz Ferdinand von Osterreich-Este, um 1914.jpg
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria

July

Vladimir Meshchersky Vladimir P. Meshchersky.jpeg
Vladimir Meshchersky
Pietro Pace Pietro. Pace.jpg
Pietro Pace

August

Maxim Sandovich MaksymSandowycz.gif
Maxim Sandovich
Roque Saenz Pena Roque S Pena.jpg
Roque Saenz Peña
Pope Pius X Portrait of Pope St. Pius X (Colored).jpg
Pope Pius X
Robert Strange The Rt. Rev. R. Strange.jpg
Robert Strange

September

Mostafa Fahmy Pasha Mustafa Fahmi Pasha.jpg
Mostafa Fahmy Pasha
August Macke August Macke 042.jpg
August Macke

October

Carol I of Romania Carol I King of Romania.jpg
Carol I of Romania
Julio Argentino Roca Julio A Roca.jpg
Julio Argentino Roca
Jose Evaristo Uriburu JEUriburu.jpg
José Evaristo Uriburu

November

August Weismann August Weismann.jpg
August Weismann

December

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

1952 Year

1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1952nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 952nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1950s decade.

1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1918th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 918th year of the 2nd millennium, the 18th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1918, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1917th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 917th year of the 2nd millennium, the 17th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1917, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1951st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 951st year of the 2nd millennium, the 51st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1950s decade.

1939 Year

1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1939th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 939th year of the 2nd millennium, the 39th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1930s decade. This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.

1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1912th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 912th year of the 2nd millennium, the 12th year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1912, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. A key event of this year was the sinking of the infamous RMS Titanic

1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1913th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 913th year of the 2nd millennium, the 13th year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1913, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1943rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 943rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 43rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1940s decade.

1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1941st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 941st year of the 2nd millennium, the 41st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1940s decade.

1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1903rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 903rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 3rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1903, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1919th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 919th year of the 2nd millennium, the 19th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1919, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1896th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 896th year of the 2nd millennium, the 96th year of the 19th century, and the 7th year of the 1890s decade. As of the start of 1896, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1920th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 920th year of the 2nd millennium, the 20th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1920, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1916th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 916th year of the 2nd millennium, the 16th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1916, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1915th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 915th year of the 2nd millennium, the 15th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1915, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1921st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 921st year of the 2nd millennium, the 21st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1921, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1898th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 898th year of the 2nd millennium, the 98th year of the 19th century, and the 9th year of the 1890s decade. As of the start of 1898, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1955th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 955th year of the 2nd millennium, the 55th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1950s decade.

1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1878th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 878th year of the 2nd millennium, the 78th year of the 19th century, and the 9th year of the 1870s decade. As of the start of 1878, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1938th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 938th year of the 2nd millennium, the 38th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1930s decade.

References

  1. Blanke, David (2002). The 1910s. American popular culture through history (Illustrated ed.). Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing. p. 226. ISBN   978-0-313-31251-9.
  2. Robinson, David (1986) [First published 1985]. Chaplin: His Life and Art . London: Paladin. p. 113. ISBN   0-586-08544-0.
  3. Chaplin, Charles (2003) [First published 1964]. My Autobiography . London: Penguin Classics. p. 145. ISBN   0-141-01147-5.
  4. Adams, Charles Henry (March 26, 1914). "New York Day By Day". The Evening Independent . St. Petersburg, Florida. p. 7. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  5. The Atlanta Constitution 1914-06-17 p. 1.
  6. Finestone, Jeffrey; Massie, Robert K. (1981). The Last Courts of Europe. Dent. p. 247.
  7. Smith, David James (2010). One Morning In Sarajevo. Hachette UK. He was photographed on the way to the station and the photograph has been reproduced many times in books and articles, claiming to depict the arrest of Gavrilo Princip. But there is no photograph of Princip's arrest – this photograph shows the arrest of Behr.
  8. "International exhibition became known as a city". Bristol Post . July 9, 2013. Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved January 28, 2014.
  9. Admiralty Circular CW.13963/14, 1 July 1914: "Royal Naval Air Service – Organisation"
  10. "Plan Big Meeting For Dead Bomb Men: Demonstration in Union Square by Anti-Militarist League Announced for Tomorrow" (pdf). The New York Times . Adolph Ochs. July 10, 1914. p. 1. Retrieved July 13, 2008.
  11. "August 1914". WarChron. 2007. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
  12. "The First Shot of World War I". Coastal Defences of Colonial Victoria. 1997. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
  13. 1 2 "The Gold Coast Mobilized, A Proud Record: The case of Sergeant Grunshi". The Times (48572). London. March 25, 1940. p. 7.
  14. Thompson, J. Lee (2007). Forgotten Patriot: a life of Alfred, Viscount Milner of St. James's and Cape Town, 1854-1925. Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. p. 311. ISBN   0-8386-4121-0.
  15. Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN   0-14-102715-0.
  16. Bennet, Geoffrey (2001). Naval Battles of the First World War. Penguin Books.
  17. 1 2 Selcuk Aksin Somel (2010). The A to Z of the Ottoman Empire. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 324. ISBN   978-0-8108-7579-1.
  18. "Egypt: a constitution". Time . April 28, 1923. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
  19. "Rugby Union Footballers are Doing their Duty. Over 90% Have Enlisted. British Athletes! Will You Follow this Glorious Example?". World Digital Library . 1915. Retrieved October 27, 2013.

Primary sources and year books

Further reading