1914

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1914 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1914
MCMXIV
Ab urbe condita 2667
Armenian calendar 1363
ԹՎ ՌՅԿԳ
Assyrian calendar 6664
Bahá'í calendar 70–71
Balinese saka calendar 1835–1836
Bengali calendar 1321
Berber calendar 2864
British Regnal year 4  Geo. 5   5  Geo. 5
Buddhist calendar 2458
Burmese calendar 1276
Byzantine calendar 7422–7423
Chinese calendar 癸丑(Water  Ox)
4610 or 4550
     to 
甲寅年 (Wood  Tiger)
4611 or 4551
Coptic calendar 1630–1631
Discordian calendar 3080
Ethiopian calendar 1906–1907
Hebrew calendar 5674–5675
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1970–1971
 - Shaka Samvat 1835–1836
 - Kali Yuga 5014–5015
Holocene calendar 11914
Igbo calendar 914–915
Iranian calendar 1292–1293
Islamic calendar 1332–1333
Japanese calendar Taishō 3
(大正3年)
Javanese calendar 1843–1845
Juche calendar 3
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4247
Minguo calendar ROC 3
民國3年
Nanakshahi calendar 446
Thai solar calendar 2456–2457
Tibetan calendar 阴水牛年
(female Water-Ox)
2040 or 1659 or 887
     to 
阳木虎年
(male Wood-Tiger)
2041 or 1660 or 888

1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1914th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 914th year of the 2nd millennium, the 14th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1914, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Contents

This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I, after Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated by Serbian nationalist Gavrillo Princip. It also saw the first airline to provide scheduled regular commercial passenger services with heavier-than-air aircraft, with the St. Petersburg–Tampa Airboat Line.

Events

January

February

March

April

May

June

This picture of the arrest of a suspect in Sarajevo is usually associated with the arrest of Gavrilo Princip, although some believe it depicts Ferdinand Behr, a bystander. Gavrilo Princip captured in Sarajevo 1914.jpg
This picture of the arrest of a suspect in Sarajevo is usually associated with the arrest of Gavrilo Princip, although some believe it depicts Ferdinand Behr, a bystander.

July

Map of European alliances in 1914 Map Europe alliances 1914-en.svg
Map of European alliances in 1914

August

Mobilization in Germany. Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1994-022-19A, Mobilmachung, Truppentransport mit der Bahn.jpg
Mobilization in Germany.
London Daily Mail on Aug 5 Britain declares war--Daily Mail Aug 5, 1914.jpg
London Daily Mail on Aug 5

September

Pope Benedict XV, the new pope Benedictus XV.jpg
Pope Benedict XV, the new pope

October

November

December

Date unknown

Births

Births
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

Noor Inayat Khan Noor Inayat Khan.jpeg
Noor Inayat Khan

February

William S. Burroughs Burroughs1983 crop b.jpg
William S. Burroughs
Alan Lloyd Hodgkin Alan Lloyd Hodgkin nobel.jpg
Alan Lloyd Hodgkin
Robert Alda Robert Alda 1976.JPG
Robert Alda

March

Juan Carlos Ongania Saludo militar de Ongania.jpg
Juan Carlos Onganía
Edmund Muskie Portrait of Edmund Muskie, looking up.jpg
Edmund Muskie
Octavio Paz Octavio Paz - 1988 Malmo.jpg
Octavio Paz

April

Alec Guinness Sir Alec Guinness Allan Warren (2).jpg
Alec Guinness
Maria Felix Maria Felix 1947.jpg
María Félix
Norman McLaren Norman McLaren drawing on film - 1944.jpg
Norman McLaren
Marcos Perez Jimenez General Marcos Evangelista Perez Jimenez, Venezuela Colorized.jpg
Marcos Pérez Jiménez

May

Tyrone Power Tyrone Power - still.jpg
Tyrone Power
Hank Snow Hanksnowpromoimage.jpg
Hank Snow
Joe Louis Joe Louis by van Vechten.jpg
Joe Louis

June

Yuri Andropov Yuri Andropov - Soviet Life, August 1983.jpg
Yuri Andropov
E.G. Marshall E G Marshall The Bold Ones 1970.JPG
E.G. Marshall

July

Christl Cranz Christl Cranz 1936.jpg
Christl Cranz
Willi Stoph Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1986-0617-024, Willi Stoph (b).jpg
Willi Stoph
Jo Cals Jo Cals 1966.jpg
Jo Cals
Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin (1976).jpg
Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin
Clayton Moore Lone ranger silver 1965.JPG
Clayton Moore
Adolfo Bioy Casares Adolfo Bioy Casares 1968.png
Adolfo Bioy Casares
Thor Heyerdahl ThorHeyerdahl.jpg
Thor Heyerdahl
Juanita Moore Studio publicity Moore Juanita.jpg
Juanita Moore
Jonas Salk Jonas Salk candid.jpg
Jonas Salk
Hedy Lamarr Hedy Lamarr Publicity Photo for The Heavenly Body 1944.jpg
Hedy Lamarr

August

Tove Jansson Tove-Jansson-1967.jpg
Tove Jansson

September

October

November

Abd al-Karim Qasim Qasim in uniform.png
Abd al-Karim Qasim
Joe DiMaggio 1939 Playball Joe Dimaggio (minus halftone).jpg
Joe DiMaggio

December

Dorothy Lamour Dorothy-Lamour-still.JPG
Dorothy Lamour
Karl Carstens Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F054633-0020, Ludwigshafen, CDU-Bundesparteitag, Carstens.jpg
Karl Carstens

Date unknown

Deaths

Deaths
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

Leonie Aviat Mother Francoise de Sales Aviat.jpg
Leonie Aviat

February

Per Palsson Per Palsson-2.jpg
Per Pålsson

March

Carlos Felipe Morales Presidente Carlos Felipe Morales Languasco.jpg
Carlos Felipe Morales
George Westinghouse George Westinghouse.jpg
George Westinghouse
Christian Morgenstern Morgenstern-h420.jpg
Christian Morgenstern

April

Elena Guerra Guerra Elena.png
Elena Guerra
Eduard Suess Eduard Suess 1869.jpg
Eduard Suess

May

Elisabeth Leseur Elisabeth Leseur.jpg
Élisabeth Leseur
Eugenio Montero Rios Eugenio Montero Rios 1914.jpg
Eugenio Montero Ríos

June

Abraam StAbram icon.jpg
Abraam
Bertha von Suttner Bertha von Suttner nobel.jpg
Bertha von Suttner
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria Ferdinand Schmutzer - Franz Ferdinand von Osterreich-Este, um 1914.jpg
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria

July

August

Roque Saenz Pena Roque S Pena.jpg
Roque Saenz Peña
Pope Pius X Pius X, by Francesco De Federicis, 1903 (retouched, colorized).tif
Pope Pius X

September

Mostafa Fahmy Pasha Mustafa Fahmi Pasha.jpg
Mostafa Fahmy Pasha
August Macke August Macke 042.jpg
August Macke

October

Carol I of Romania Carol I King of Romania.jpg
Carol I of Romania
Julio Argentino Roca Julio A Roca.jpg
Julio Argentino Roca
Jose Evaristo Uriburu JEUriburu.jpg
José Evaristo Uriburu

November

August Weismann August Weismann.jpg
August Weismann

December

Date unknown

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

Austria-Hungary Constitutional monarchic union between 1867 and 1918

Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy, was a constitutional monarchy and great power in Central Europe between 1867 and 1918. It was formed with the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and was dissolved following its defeat in the First World War.

Central Powers Military coalition in World War I

The Central Powers, also known as the Central Empires, was one of the two main coalitions that fought World War I (1914–18). It consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria; hence it is also known as the Quadruple Alliance. Colonies of these countries also fought on the Central Powers' side such as German New Guinea and German East Africa, until almost all of their colonies were occupied by the Allies.

1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1918th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 918th year of the 2nd millennium, the 18th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1918, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1941st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 941st year of the 2nd millennium, the 41st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1940s decade.

1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1929th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 929th year of the 2nd millennium, the 29th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1920s decade.

1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1915th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 915th year of the 2nd millennium, the 15th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1915, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1887th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 887th year of the 2nd millennium, the 87th year of the 19th century, and the 8th year of the 1880s decade. As of the start of 1887, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Causes of World War I Historiography of the topic

The identification of the causes of World War I remains controversial. World War I began in the Balkans on July 28, 1914 and hostilities ended on November 11, 1918, leaving 17 million dead and 25 million wounded.

July Crisis 1914 events leading to World War I

The July Crisis was a series of interrelated diplomatic and military escalations among the major powers of Europe in the summer of 1914, which led to the outbreak of World War I (1914–1918). The crisis began on June 28, 1914, when Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb, assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne. A complex web of alliances, coupled with miscalculations when many leaders regarded war as in their best interests or felt that a general war would not occur, resulted in a general outbreak of hostilities among most major European nations in early August 1914.

Allies of World War I Group of countries that fought against the Central Powers in World War I

The Allies of World War I or Entente Powers were a coalition of countries led by France, Britain, Russia, Italy, Japan, and the United States against the Central Powers of Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria, and their colonies during the First World War (1914–1918).

Serbian campaign 1914-15 invasion of Serbia by Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Germany during WWI

The Serbian campaign was the series of campaigns launched against Serbia at the beginning of the First World War. The first campaign began after Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on 28 July 1914. The campaign to "punish" Serbia, under the command of Austrian Oskar Potiorek, ended after three unsuccessful Austro-Hungarian invasion attempts were repelled by the Serbians and their Montenegrin allies. Serbia's defeat of the Austro-Hungarian invasion of 1914 ranks as one of the great upsets of modern military history.

World War I Global war originating in Europe, 1914–1918

World War I or the First World War, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously known as the Great War or "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history, and also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated 8.5 million combatant deaths and 13 million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war. Resulting genocides and the related 1918 Spanish flu pandemic caused many millions of deaths worldwide.

The following events occurred in October 1918:

July 1914 Month of 1914

The following events occurred in July 1914:
On the war see July Crisis and Causes of World War I.

September 1914 Month of 1914

The following events occurred in September 1914:

August 1914 Events during May 1914

The following events occurred in August 1914:

November 1914 Month of 1914

The following events occurred in November 1914:

December 1914 Month of 1914

The following events occurred in December 1914:

Russian entry into World War I

Russia entered World War I in the three days succeeding July 28, 1914 — beginning with Austria-Hungary's declaration of war against Serbia, a Russian ally. Via St Petersburg, the Russian Empire sent an ultimatum to Vienna warning Austria-Hungary not to attack Serbia. Following the invasion of Serbia, Russia began to mobilize its very large reserve army. Consequently, on July 31, the German Empire in Berlin demanded Russian demobilization. There was no response; hence, on the same day, Germany declared war on Russia. In accordance with its war plan, Germany ignored Russia and moved first against France by declaring war on August 3, and by sending its main armies through Belgium to surround Paris. The threat to France caused Britain to declare war on Germany on August 4. The main belligerents had been established.

Color book Governmental publication of diplomatic and political content

In diplomatic history, a color book is an officially sanctioned collection of diplomatic correspondence and other documents published by a government for educational or political reasons, or to promote the government position on current or past events. The earliest were the British Blue Books, dating to the 17th century. In World War I, all the major powers had their own color book, such as the German White Book, the Austrian Red Book, Russian Orange Book, and more.

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Primary sources and year books

Further reading