1919

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1919 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1919
MCMXIX
Ab urbe condita 2672
Armenian calendar 1368
ԹՎ ՌՅԿԸ
Assyrian calendar 6669
Bahá'í calendar 75–76
Balinese saka calendar 1840–1841
Bengali calendar 1326
Berber calendar 2869
British Regnal year 9  Geo. 5   10  Geo. 5
Buddhist calendar 2463
Burmese calendar 1281
Byzantine calendar 7427–7428
Chinese calendar 戊午(Earth  Horse)
4615 or 4555
     to 
己未年 (Earth  Goat)
4616 or 4556
Coptic calendar 1635–1636
Discordian calendar 3085
Ethiopian calendar 1911–1912
Hebrew calendar 5679–5680
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1975–1976
 - Shaka Samvat 1840–1841
 - Kali Yuga 5019–5020
Holocene calendar 11919
Igbo calendar 919–920
Iranian calendar 1297–1298
Islamic calendar 1337–1338
Japanese calendar Taishō 8
(大正8年)
Javanese calendar 1849–1850
Juche calendar 8
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4252
Minguo calendar ROC 8
民國8年
Nanakshahi calendar 451
Thai solar calendar 2461–2462
Tibetan calendar 阳土马年
(male Earth-Horse)
2045 or 1664 or 892
     to 
阴土羊年
(female Earth-Goat)
2046 or 1665 or 893

1919 ( MCMXIX ) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar  and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar , the 1919th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 919th year of the 2nd millennium , the 19th year of the 20th century , and the 10th and last year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1919, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year that begins on Wednesday, 1 January, and ends on Wednesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is E. The most recent year of such kind was 2014, and the next one will be 2025 in the in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2009, 2015, and 2026 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 1800, was also a common year starting on Wednesday in the Gregorian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in June. Leap years starting on Tuesday share this characteristic.

Contents

Events

January

January 1: Iolaire sinks. Admiralty-yacht-HMS-Iolaire-ship-Amalthaea-1908.jpg
January 1: Iolaire sinks.

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year. This day is known as New Year's Day since the day marks the beginning of the year. It is also the first day of the first quarter of the year and the first half of the year.

Czechoslovak Legion

The Czechoslovak Legion were volunteer armed forces composed predominantly of Czechs with a small number of Slovaks fighting on the side of the Entente powers during World War I. Their goal was to win the support of the Allied Powers for the independence of Bohemia and Moravia from the Austrian Empire and of Slovak territories from the Kingdom of Hungary, which were then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. With the help of émigré intellectuals and politicians such as the Czech Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk and the Slovak Milan Rastislav Štefánik, they grew into a force of over 100,000 strong.

Bratislava Capital city in Slovakia

Bratislava is the capital of Slovakia. With a population of about 430,000, it is one of the smaller capitals of Europe but still the country's largest city. The greater metropolitan area is home to more than 650,000 people. Bratislava is in southwestern Slovakia, occupying both banks of the River Danube and the left bank of the River Morava. Bordering Austria and Hungary, it is the only national capital that borders two sovereign states.

David Kirkwood being detained by police during the Battle of George Square 1919 Battle of George Square - David Kirkwood.jpg
David Kirkwood being detained by police during the Battle of George Square

February

March

April

May

June

"The Big Four" during the Paris Peace Conference (from left to right, David Lloyd George, Vittorio Orlando, Georges Clemenceau, Woodrow Wilson). Council of Four Versailles.jpg
"The Big Four" during the Paris Peace Conference (from left to right, David Lloyd George, Vittorio Orlando, Georges Clemenceau, Woodrow Wilson).

July

August

Romanian troops entering Budapest Tropas-rumanas-ocupan-budapest-1919--outlawsdiary02tormuoft.png
Romanian troops entering Budapest
Friedrich Ebert becomes president in Weimar, Germany Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1978-042-11, Weimar, Vereidigung Reichsprasident Ebert.jpg
Friedrich Ebert becomes president in Weimar, Germany

September

October

November

December

Date unknown

Births

January

Robert Stack Robert Stack - still.jpg
Robert Stack
Giulio Andreotti Giulio Andreotti.jpg
Giulio Andreotti
Gabby Gabreski Francis Gabreski color photo in pilot suit.jpg
Gabby Gabreski
Jackie Robinson Jackie Robinson, Brooklyn Dodgers, 1954.jpg
Jackie Robinson

February

Andreas Papandreou Andreas Papandreou (1968) 2.jpg
Andreas Papandreou
Tennessee Ernie Ford Tennessee Ernie Ford 1957.JPG
Tennessee Ernie Ford
Jack Palance Jack Palance - 1954.jpg
Jack Palance
Monte Irvin Monte Irvin 1953.jpg
Monte Irvin

March

Jennifer Jones Jennifer Jones - Publicity.JPG
Jennifer Jones
Nat King Cole Nat King Cole (Gottlieb 01511).jpg
Nat King Cole
Jeanne Cagney Jeanne Cagney 1942.JPG
Jeanne Cagney

April

Ian Smith Ian Smith 1950s.jpg
Ian Smith
Madalyn Murray O'Hair Madalyn Murray O'Hair.jpg
Madalyn Murray O'Hair

May

Eva Peron Evita color.jpg
Eva Perón
Liberace Liberace 7 Allan Warren.jpg
Liberace
Margot Fonteyn Margot Fonteyn - 1960s.jpg
Margot Fonteyn
Paul Vanden Boeynants Paul Vanden Boeynants 1966.jpg
Paul Vanden Boeynants
Rene Barrientos Rene barrientos.jpg
René Barrientos

June

Peter Carington Peter Carington 1984.jpg
Peter Carington
Mohamed Boudiaf Le jeun Mohamed Boudiaf.jpg
Mohamed Boudiaf
Al Molinaro Al Molinaro Murray the cop Odd Couple 1974.JPG
Al Molinaro

July

Walter Scheel Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1989-047-20, Walter Scheel.jpg
Walter Scheel
Joe Gill Joe Gill 1940s.jpg
Joe Gill
Edmund Hillary Edmund Hillary, c. 1953, autograph removed.jpg
Edmund Hillary

August

Dino De Laurentiis Dino de laurentiis crop.jpg
Dino De Laurentiis
Joop den Uyl Joop den Uyl 1975.jpg
Joop den Uyl
George Wallace George C Wallace.jpg
George Wallace
Kitty Wells Kitty Wells.jpg
Kitty Wells

September

Jayne Meadows Jayne Meadows.JPG
Jayne Meadows

October

James M. Buchanan James Buchanan by Atlas network.jpg
James M. Buchanan
Donald Pleasence Donald Pleasence in Eye of the Devil trailer 1.jpg
Donald Pleasence
Siad Barre Siad Barre.png
Siad Barre
Pierre Trudeau Pierre Elliot Trudeau-2.jpg
Pierre Trudeau
Doris Lessing Doris lessing 20060312 (jha).jpg
Doris Lessing
Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Mohammad Reza Pahlavi 2.jpg
Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

November

Martin Balsam Martin-balsam-trailer.jpg
Martin Balsam

December

William Lipscomb William n lipscomb jr.jpg
William Lipscomb

Possible

Date unknown

Deaths

January–June

Theodore Roosevelt T Roosevelt.jpg
Theodore Roosevelt
Ismail Qemali Ismail Qemalii.jpeg
Ismail Qemali
Wilfrid Laurier The Honourable Sir Wilfrid Laurier Photo C (HS85-10-16873).jpg
Wilfrid Laurier
Melchora Aquino PH nhi melchora aquino.jpg
Melchora Aquino
Yakov Sverdlov Sverdlov Iakov Mikhailovich.jpg
Yakov Sverdlov
Venerable Jose Gregorio Hernandez Pintura Dr Jose Gregorio Hernandez2.jpg
Venerable José Gregorio Hernández
John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh John William Strutt.jpg
John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh

July–December

Hermann Emil Fischer Ubenshvuanshvysh'.jpg
Hermann Emil Fischer
Andrew Carnegie Andrew Carnegie, three-quarter length portrait, seated, facing slightly left, 1913.jpg
Andrew Carnegie
Louis Botha Louis Botha.jpg
Louis Botha
Victorino de la Plaza Vdelaplaza.jpg
Victorino de la Plaza
Alfred Deakin Alfred Deakin crop.jpg
Alfred Deakin
Pierre-Auguste Renoir Pierre Auguste Renoir, uncropped image.jpg
Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1918th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 918th year of the 2nd millennium, the 18th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1918, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1917th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 917th year of the 2nd millennium, the 17th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1917, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1951st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 951st year of the 2nd millennium, the 51st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1950s decade.

1939 Year

1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1939th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 939th year of the 2nd millennium, the 39th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1930s decade. This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.

1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1912th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 912th year of the 2nd millennium, the 12th year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1912, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. A key event of this year was the sinking of the infamous RMS Titanic

1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1943rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 943rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 43rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1940s decade.

1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1941st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 941st year of the 2nd millennium, the 41st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1940s decade.

1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1905th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 905th year of the 2nd millennium, the 5th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1905, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1956th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 956th year of the 2nd millennium, the 56th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1950s decade.

1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1920th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 920th year of the 2nd millennium, the 20th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1920, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1915th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 915th year of the 2nd millennium, the 15th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1915, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1921st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 921st year of the 2nd millennium, the 21st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1921, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1970th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 970th year of the 2nd millennium, the 70th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1970s decade.

1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1953rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 953rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 53rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1950s decade.

1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1878th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 878th year of the 2nd millennium, the 78th year of the 19th century, and the 9th year of the 1870s decade. As of the start of 1878, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1934th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 934th year of the 2nd millennium, the 34th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1930s decade.

1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1954th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 954th year of the 2nd millennium, the 54th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1950s decade.

1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1938th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 938th year of the 2nd millennium, the 38th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1930s decade.

1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1950th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 950th year of the 2nd millennium, the 50th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1950s decade.

1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1914th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 914th year of the 2nd millennium, the 14th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1914, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I, after an heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated by Serbian nationalist Gavrillo Princip. It also saw the first airline to provide scheduled regular commercial passenger services with heavier-than-air aircraft, with the St. Petersburg–Tampa Airboat Line.

References

  1. Lacika, Ján (2000). Bratislava. Visiting Slovakia (1st ed.). Bratislava: Dajama. p. 42. ISBN   978-80-88975-16-8.
  2. "Sinking of HMY Iolaire - list of all on board at time of grounding". Across Two Seas. 17 December 2008. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
  3. Theodore Roosevelt Centre. Accessed 20 March 2014
  4. 1 2 MacMillan, Margaret (2002). Paris 1919: Six Months That Changed the World. Random House.
  5. Tibenský, Ján; et al. (1971). Slovensko: Dejiny. Bratislava: Obzor.
  6. Jankovics, Marcel, Húsz esztendő Pozsonyban (in Hungarian), pp. 65–67
  7. Zaide, Sonia M. (1994). The Philippines: A Unique Nation. All-Nations Publishing Co. ISBN   978-971-642-071-5.
  8. Nicholson, G. W. L. (1962). Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1914-1919: Official History of the Canadian Army in the First World War. Ottawa: Queen's Printer.
  9. Gerges, Fawaz A. (2013). The New Middle East: Protest and Revolution in the Arab World. Cambridge University Press. p. 67. ISBN   9781107470576 . Retrieved 2015-03-07.
  10. "QosFC: Club History".
  11. "WWI and the First Czechoslovak Republic". Visit Bratislava. City of Bratislava. 2005. Archived from the original on 2007-02-24. Retrieved 2013-01-24.
  12. Kaba, John (1919). Politico-economic Review of Basarabia. United States: American Relief Administration. p. 14.
  13. "The Legacy of One Man's Vision". Aberystwyth University, Department of International Politics. Retrieved 2015-01-27.
  14. Beadle, Jeremy; Harrison, Ian (2007). "Last time the British army used scaling ladders". Military. Firsts, Lasts & Onlys. London: Robson. p. 112. ISBN   9781905798063.
  15. Dyson, F. W.; Eddington, A. S.; Davidson, C. R. (1920). "A Determination of the Deflection of Light by the Sun's Gravitational Field, from Observations Made at the Solar eclipse of May 29, 1919". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences . 220 (571–581): 291–333. Bibcode:1920RSPTA.220..291D. doi:10.1098/rsta.1920.0009.
  16. "Azerbaijani Foreign Ministry official: result of overcoming obstacles by first Azerbaijani diplomats was international recognition in Versailles". Today.az. 2009-07-03. Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  17. "1919, July 21: Dirigible (Balloon) Crash". Chicago Public Library Archive. 1996. Archived from the original on 2007-12-13. Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  18. 1 2 Royal Canadian Legion Branch # 138."2-Minute Wave of Silence" Revives a Time-honoured Tradition. Accessed on 5 June 2014.
  19. Sykes, Christopher (1984). Nancy: the Life of Lady Astor. Academy Chicago Publishers. ISBN   978-0-89733-098-5. The first elected was Constance Markievicz in 1918.
  20. Tonge, Stephen. "Weimar Germany 1919-1933". European History. Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  21. Isaac Asimov. In Memory Yet Green. The date of my birth, as I celebrate it, was January 2, 1920. It could not have been later than that. It might, however, have been earlier. Allowing for the uncertainties of the times, of the lack of records, of the Jewish and Julian calendars, it might have been as early as October 4, 1919. There is, however, no way of finding out. My parents were always uncertain and it really doesn't matter. I celebrate January 2, 1920, so let it be.

Further reading

Primary sources and year books

Sources