1919 New Zealand general election

Last updated

1919 general election
Flag of New Zealand.svg
  1914 16 (Māori) & 17 December (general) 1919 1922  

All 80 seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives
41 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout80.5%
 First partySecond partyThird party
  William Ferguson Massey 1919.jpg Joseph Ward c. 1906.jpg
Harry Holland (1922).jpg
Leader William Massey Joseph Ward Harry Holland
Party Reform Liberal Labour
Leader since11 February 1909 11 September 1913 27 August 1919
Leader's seat Franklin Awarua (lost seat) Grey
Last election40 seats, 47.1%34 seats, 43.1%5 seats, 8.4% [lower-alpha 1]
Seats before39345
Seats won45198
Seat changeIncrease2.svg 6Decrease2.svg 15Increase2.svg 3
Popular vote193,676155,708131,402
Percentage35.7%28.7%24.2%
SwingDecrease2.svg 11.4%Decrease2.svg 14.4%Increase2.svg 15.8%

1919 New Zealand general election - Results.svg
Results of the election.

Prime Minister before election

William Massey
Reform

Subsequent Prime Minister

William Massey
Reform

The 1919 New Zealand general election was held on Tuesday, 16 December in the Māori electorates and on Wednesday, 17 December in the general electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 20th session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 560,673 (80.5%) voters turned out to vote. [1]

Contents

In 1919 women won the right to be elected to the House of Representatives. The law was changed late that year, and with only three weeks' notice, three women stood for Parliament.

They were Ellen Melville in Grey Lynn, Rosetta Baume in Parnell, and Aileen Cooke in Thames. Ellen Melville stood for the Reform Party and came second. She stood for Parliament several more times and generally polled well but never won a seat.

Results

Though Labour Party captured only eight seats it received nearly a quarter of the votes – a shock to conservative minds due to Labour being founded only three years earlier in 1916. [2]

Party totals

1919 nz parliament.svg
Election results
PartyCandidatesTotal votesPercentageSeats won
Reform Party 67197,04135.6345
Liberal Party [nb 1] 66166,67530.1419
Labour Party 59134,09424.258
Independents [nb 2] 3955,1619.988
Total valid votes552,97180
Informal votes7,7021.37
Registered voters683,420
  1. Includes one MP returned unopposed, and one Independent Liberal
  2. Includes ex-members of the three main parties as well as long-standing Independents

Votes summary

Popular Vote
Reform
35.63%
Liberal
30.14%
Labour
24.25%
Independents
9.98%
Parliament seats
Reform
56.25%
Liberal
23.75%
Labour
10.00%
Independents
10.00%

Electorate results

The results of the 1919 general election displayed outside The Press Building in Christchurch Press Building, 1919.jpg
The results of the 1919 general election displayed outside The Press Building in Christchurch

The table below shows the results of the 1919 general election:

Key

  Reform     Liberal     Labour     Liberal–Labour
  Independent Liberal     Independent Labour     Independent   
Electorate results for the 1919 New Zealand general election [3]
ElectorateIncumbentWinnerMajorityRunner up
General electorates
Ashburton William Nosworthy 1,493 William Dickie
Auckland Central Albert Glover Bill Parry 786Albert Glover
Auckland East Arthur Myers 158 Clutha Mackenzie
Auckland West Charles Poole Michael Joseph Savage 533Charles Frederick Bennett [4]
Avon George Russell Dan Sullivan 1,648 George Russell
Awarua Joseph Ward John Hamilton 757 Joseph Ward
Bay of Islands Vernon Reed 1,195St. Claire Jounneaux
Bay of Plenty William MacDonald 1,234 Kenneth Williams
Bruce James Allen 126 John Edie
Buller James Colvin Harry Holland 1,003Denis Quinlan O'Brien [4]
Chalmers James Dickson 883 John Gilchrist
Christchurch East Henry Thacker 1,940 Hiram Hunter
Christchurch North Leonard Isitt 2,403 Tim Armstrong
Christchurch South Harry Ell Ted Howard 1,675 Henry Holland
Clutha Alexander Malcolm 134Robert Alexander Rodger [5] [6]
Dunedin Central Charles Statham 497 Jim Munro
Dunedin North Andrew Walker Edward Kellett 806 Andrew Walker
Dunedin South Thomas Sidey 84 Tom Paul
Dunedin West William Downie Stewart 2,421John Arthur Brown [7] [8]
Eden James Parr 1,854Oscar McBrine
Egmont Charles Wilkinson Oswald Hawken 191David Lyon Abbott Astbury
Ellesmere Heaton Rhodes 749George Barclay
Franklin William Massey 3,030Joseph Rea
Gisborne James Carroll Douglas Lysnar 373 James Carroll
Grey Lynn John Payne Fred Bartram 481 Ellen Melville
Hawke's Bay John Findlay Hugh Campbell 942 Gilbert McKay
Hurunui George Forbes 667John George Armstrong [9]
Hutt Thomas Wilford 1,005David Pritchard
Invercargill Josiah Hanan 1,403 John Archer
Kaiapoi David Buddo David Jones 50 David Buddo
Kaipara Gordon Coates 3,291Alfred Gregory
Lyttelton James McCombs 577Robert Macartney [4]
Manawatu New electorate Edward Newman 866Alfred Hillier
Manukau Frederic Lang 2,508 Rex Mason
Marsden Francis Mander 189 Alfred Murdoch
Masterton George Sykes George Sykes 344A C Holms
Mataura George Anderson 1,336 David McDougall
Motueka Richard Hudson 661Percy Power
Napier Vigor Brown 54Frederick Charles Evans [10] [11]
Nelson Thomas Field Harry Atmore 510 Thomas Field
Oamaru Ernest Lee 276 John MacPherson
Ohinemuri Hugh Poland 555J Clark
Oroua David Guthrie 1,843E J Tunnicliffe
Otaki William Hughes Field 1,232James McKenzie
Pahiatua Harold Smith Archibald McNicol 170 Robert Ross
Palmerston Jimmy Nash 1,004 Moses Ayrton [12]
Parnell James Samuel Dickson 3,419 Tom Bloodworth
Patea George Pearce Walter Powdrell 255William Morrison
Raglan Richard Bollard 988 Bill Jordan
Rangitikei Edward Newman Billy Glenn 635F P Brady [13]
Riccarton George Witty 626William Russell Devereux [14]
Roskill New electorate Vivian Potter 1,854 James Gunson
Rotorua New electorate Frank Hockly 1,733Malcolm Larney [15]
Stratford John Hine Robert Masters 61 John Hine
Taranaki Sydney George Smith Sydney George Smith 1,023Buckeridge
Tauranga William Herries 1,860 Benjamin Robbins [16]
Temuka Charles Talbot Thomas Burnett 31Charles Talbot
Thames Thomas William Rhodes 1,590W J McCormick
Timaru James Craigie James Craigie 1,519 Percy Vinnell
Waikato Alexander Young 2,893P H Watts
Waimarino Robert William Smith 643 Frank Langstone
Waipawa George Hunter 274 Albert Jull
Wairarapa J. T. Marryat Hornsby Alexander McLeod 540 J. T. Marryat Hornsby
Wairau Richard McCallum 796B J Cooke
Waitaki John Anstey John Bitchener 472 John Anstey
Waitemata Alexander Harris 1,419Arthur Edwin Greenslade [17]
Waitomo New electorate William Jennings 377K C Wilson
Wakatipu William Fraser James Horn 801 Robert Scott
Wallace John Charles Thomson Adam Hamilton 43 John Charles Thomson
Wanganui Bill Veitch 1,703William J. Cuttle
Wellington Central Peter Fraser 1,056 Frederick Pirani [4]
Wellington East Alfred Newman 1,058 Alec Monteith
Wellington North John Luke 1,065H. Oakley Browne
Wellington South Bob Semple George Mitchell 1,426 Bob Semple
Wellington Suburbs Robert Wright 1,127 Alexander Croskery
Westland Tom Seddon 1,497 James O'Brien
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Āpirana Ngata Uncontested
Northern Maori Taurekareka Henare 1,629Nau Parone Kawiti
Southern Maori Hopere Uru 207Riki te Mairaki Taiaroa
Western Maori Māui Pōmare 1,424Ngarangi Katitia

Summary of changes

A boundary redistribution resulted in the abolition of four electorates: [18]

At the same time, four new electorates were created: [19] [20]

Notes

  1. "General elections 1853–2005 – dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 14 November 2014. Retrieved 12 January 2011.
  2. Lipson 2011, p. 211.
  3. Hislop, J. (1921). The General Election, 1919. National Library. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  4. 1 2 3 4 Gustafson 1980, p. 181.
  5. "Clutha". Otago Daily Times . No. 17779. 11 November 1919. p. 6. Retrieved 1 August 2020.
  6. Dickson, Amanda Rodger (23 September 2011). "West Otago A & P Society". Amanda Rodger Dickson at Wordpress. Retrieved 1 August 2020.
  7. Gustafson 1980, p. 155.
  8. "The election campaign". Evening Star . No. 17218. 6 December 1919. p. 6. Retrieved 1 August 2020.
  9. "Notice of nominations received". The Press . Vol. LV, no. 16701. 9 December 1919. p. 10. Retrieved 1 August 2020.
  10. "Notice of Nominations Received". Hawke's Bay Tribune . Vol. IX, no. 303. 9 December 1919. p. 6. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
  11. "Napier". Hawera & Normanby Star. Vol. LXXIV. 7 November 1919. p. 5. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
  12. Brown, Colin. "Moses Ayrton". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography . Ministry for Culture and Heritage . Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  13. Gustafson 1980, p. 154.
  14. "Notice of Nominations Received". The Press . Vol. LV, no. 16702. 10 December 1919. p. 12. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  15. "Rotorua Seat". Auckland Star . Vol. L, no. 282. 27 November 1919. p. 11. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  16. "Liberal Selection for Tauranga". Wairarapa Daily Times . Vol. 45, no. 13977. 11 November 1919. p. 5. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  17. "Waitemata Parliamentary Election". Observer. Vol. XL, no. 14. 6 December 1919. p. 12. Retrieved 5 December 2014.
  18. McRobie 1989, pp. 75–80.
  19. Wilson 1985, pp. 266–276.
  20. McRobie 1989, pp. 79f.
  1. Results for the United Labour Party (3 seats, 4.2%) and Social Democratic Party (2 seats, 4.2%).

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References