1920

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1920 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1920
MCMXX
Ab urbe condita 2673
Armenian calendar 1369
ԹՎ ՌՅԿԹ
Assyrian calendar 6670
Bahá'í calendar 76–77
Balinese saka calendar 1841–1842
Bengali calendar 1327
Berber calendar 2870
British Regnal year 10  Geo. 5   11  Geo. 5
Buddhist calendar 2464
Burmese calendar 1282
Byzantine calendar 7428–7429
Chinese calendar 己未(Earth  Goat)
4616 or 4556
     to 
庚申年 (Metal  Monkey)
4617 or 4557
Coptic calendar 1636–1637
Discordian calendar 3086
Ethiopian calendar 1912–1913
Hebrew calendar 5680–5681
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1976–1977
 - Shaka Samvat 1841–1842
 - Kali Yuga 5020–5021
Holocene calendar 11920
Igbo calendar 920–921
Iranian calendar 1298–1299
Islamic calendar 1338–1339
Japanese calendar Taishō 9
(大正9年)
Javanese calendar 1850–1851
Juche calendar 9
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4253
Minguo calendar ROC 9
民國9年
Nanakshahi calendar 452
Thai solar calendar 2462–2463
Tibetan calendar 阴土羊年
(female Earth-Goat)
2046 or 1665 or 893
     to 
阳金猴年
(male Iron-Monkey)
2047 or 1666 or 894

1920 ( MCMXX ) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar  and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar , the 1920th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 920th year of the 2nd millennium , the 20th year of the 20th century , and the 1st year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1920, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeric system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages.

A leap year is a calendar year containing one additional day added to keep the calendar year synchronized with the astronomical or seasonal year. Because seasons and astronomical events do not repeat in a whole number of days, calendars that have the same number of days in each year drift over time with respect to the event that the year is supposed to track. By inserting an additional day or month into the year, the drift can be corrected. A year that is not a leap year is called a common year.

A leap year starting on Thursday is any year with 366 days that begins on Thursday 1 January, and ends on Friday 31 December. Its dominical letters hence are DC, such as the years 1880, 1920, 1948, 1976, 2004, 2032, 2060, and 2088, in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 1988, 2016, and 2044 in the obsolete Julian calendar. Any leap year that starts on Monday, Wednesday or Thursday has two Friday the 13ths. This leap year contains two Friday the 13ths in February and August.

Contents

Events

January

January 16: Beginning of Prohibition in the United States 5 Prohibition Disposal(9).jpg
January 16: Beginning of Prohibition in the United States

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year. This day is known as New Year's Day since the day marks the beginning of the year. It is also the first day of the first quarter of the year and the first half of the year.

The Polish–Soviet war erupted in 1919 in the aftermath of World War I. The root causes were twofold: a territorial dispute dating back to Polish–Russian wars in the 17–18th centuries; and a clash of ideology due to RSFSR's goal of spreading communist rule further west, to Europe. At that time both countries had just undergone transition: in 1918 Poland reclaimed independence after 123 years of partitions. In 1917 the October Revolution replaced the liberal, democratic Provisional Government, that had previously displaced the Tsar in Russia, with Soviet rule. The war ended with the Treaty of Riga in 1921, which settled the border issue and regulated Polish-Soviet relations until the German-Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939.

Red Army 1917–1946 ground and air warfare branch of the Soviet Unions military

The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army, frequently shortened to Red Army was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The army was established immediately after the 1917 October Revolution. The Bolsheviks raised an army to oppose the military confederations of their adversaries during the Russian Civil War. Beginning in February 1946, the Red Army, along with the Soviet Navy, embodied the main component of the Soviet Armed Forces; taking the official name of "Soviet Army", until its dissolution in December 1991.

February

March

April

1920 Summer Olympics 1920 olympics poster.jpg
1920 Summer Olympics

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Haiyuan earthquake 1920 Gansu earthquake.svg
Haiyuan earthquake

Date unknown

Births

Births
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

Isaac Asimov Isaac.Asimov01.jpg
Isaac Asimov
Javier Perez de Cuellar Javier Perez de Cuellar.JPG
Javier Pérez de Cuéllar
Federico Fellini Federico Fellini.jpg
Federico Fellini
DeForest Kelley DEFOREST KELLEY.jpg
DeForest Kelley
Alf Ramsey Alf Ramsey (1969).jpg
Alf Ramsey

February

Farouk of Egypt Kingfarouk1948.jpg
Farouk of Egypt
Kathleen Cavendish, Marchioness of Hartington Lady Hartington.jpg
Kathleen Cavendish, Marchioness of Hartington

March

April

Toshiro Mifune Toshiro Mifune 1954 Scan10003 160913.jpg
Toshiro Mifune
Jack Webb Jackwebbbbigseptemberman.jpg
Jack Webb
Richard von Weizsacker Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1991-039-11, Richard v. Weizsacker.jpg
Richard von Weizsäcker

May

Pope John Paul II John Paul II Medal of Freedom 2004.jpg
Pope John Paul II

June

Jose Lopez Portillo Jose Lopez Portillo.jpg
José López Portillo
Zeno Colo Zeno Colo.jpg
Zeno Colò

July

Yul Brynner Yul Brynner Anna and the King television 1972.JPG
Yul Brynner
Juan Antonio Samaranch Juan Antonio Samaranch DF-ST-01-00128.jpg
Juan Antonio Samaranch

August

Ella Raines Promotional photograph of Ella Raines.jpg
Ella Raines
Maureen O'Hara Maureen O'Hara in April 1942.jpg
Maureen O'Hara
Shelley Winters Studio publicity Shelley Winters.jpg
Shelley Winters
Ray Bradbury Ray Bradbury (1975) -cropped-.jpg
Ray Bradbury
Ali Sabri Ali Sabri 1966.jpg
Ali Sabri

September

Chabuca Granda ChabucaCantando.jpg
Chabuca Granda
Mickey Rooney Mickey Rooney still.jpg
Mickey Rooney

October

Walter Matthau Walter Matthau - 1952.jpg
Walter Matthau
Frank Herbert Frank Herbert - 1984.jpg
Frank Herbert
Montgomery Clift Clift, Montgomery.jpg
Montgomery Clift
Timothy Leary Timothy-Leary-Los-Angeles-1989.jpg
Timothy Leary
Nanette Fabray Nanette Fabray 1963.JPG
Nanette Fabray

November

Douglass North Douglass North.jpg
Douglass North
Gene Tierney Studio publicity Gene Tierney.jpg
Gene Tierney
Stan Musial Stan Musial 1953.jpg
Stan Musial

December

Carlo Azeglio Ciampi Ciampi ritratto.jpg
Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
Clark Terry Clark Terry in 1981.jpg
Clark Terry
Little Jimmy Dickens Little Jimmy Dickens 1971.JPG
Little Jimmy Dickens
Rex Allen Rex Allen and Koko 1952.jpg
Rex Allen

Possible

  • Isaac Asimov, Russian-born author (born between October 4, 1919, and January 2, 1920, inclusive; [14] d. 1992)

Date unknown

Deaths

January

Saint Zygmunt Gorazdowski Zygmunt Gorazdowski (1845-1920).jpg
Saint Zygmunt Gorazdowski
Edmund Barton Edmund Barton crop.PNG
Edmund Barton
Amedeo Modigliani Amedeo Modigliani Photo.jpg
Amedeo Modigliani

February

Robert Peary RobertPeary.jpg
Robert Peary

March

April

Srinivasa Ramanujan Srinivasa Ramanujan - OPC - 1.jpg
Srinivasa Ramanujan

May

James Colosimo James "Big Jim" Colosimo.jpg
James Colosimo

June

Essad Pasha Essad Pasha Toptani.jpg
Essad Pasha
Max Weber Max Weber 1894.jpg
Max Weber

July

August

Ray Chapman Ray Chapman Baseball.jpg
Ray Chapman

September

Peter Carl Faberge Karl Gustavovich Faberge.jpg
Peter Carl Fabergé

October

November

December

Date unknown

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

1952 Year

1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1952nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 952nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1950s decade.

1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1951st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 951st year of the 2nd millennium, the 51st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1950s decade.

1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1957th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 957th year of the 2nd millennium, the 57th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1950s decade.

1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1931st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 931st year of the 2nd millennium, the 31st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1930s decade.

1939 Year

1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1939th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 939th year of the 2nd millennium, the 39th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1930s decade. This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.

1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1943rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 943rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 43rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1940s decade.

1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1946th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 946th year of the 2nd millennium, the 46th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1940s decade.

1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1941st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 941st year of the 2nd millennium, the 41st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1940s decade.

1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1956th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 956th year of the 2nd millennium, the 56th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1950s decade.

1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1937th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 937th year of the 2nd millennium, the 37th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1930s decade.

1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1921st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 921st year of the 2nd millennium, the 21st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1921, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1970th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 970th year of the 2nd millennium, the 70th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1970s decade.

1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1983rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 983rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 83rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1980s decade.

1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1955th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 955th year of the 2nd millennium, the 55th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1950s decade.

1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1953rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 953rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 53rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1950s decade.

1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1927th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 927th year of the 2nd millennium, the 27th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1920s decade.

1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1935th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 935th year of the 2nd millennium, the 35th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1930s decade.

1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1934th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 934th year of the 2nd millennium, the 34th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1930s decade.

1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1938th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 938th year of the 2nd millennium, the 38th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1930s decade.

1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1950th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 950th year of the 2nd millennium, the 50th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1950s decade.

References

  1. "Azerbaijani Foreign Ministry official: result of overcoming obstacles by first Azerbaijani diplomats was international recognition in Versailles". Today.az. 2009-07-03. Retrieved 2013-03-13.
  2. Nöthling, Kol C.J., Martins, Maj du P. (1990). Kroniek van die Suid-Afrikaanse Lugmag (1920-1990), (1st ed.). Direktoraat Openbare Betrekkinge, SAW. Uitgewer: Staatsdrukkery, Pretoria. Gedruk deur Promedia Drukkers, Posbus 255, Silverton, 0127.
  3. Declaration of 1 November 1922.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Cottrell, Peter (2009). The War for Ireland, 1913-1923. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN   978-1-84603-9966.
  5. Woodward, David R. (September 2004). "Robertson, Sir William Robert, first baronet (1860–1933)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/35786 . Retrieved 2007-12-07.(subscription or UK public library membership required)
  6. June 13 On-This-Day.com
  7. Carlisle, Rodney (2007). World War I. Facts on File. p. 291. ISBN   0-8160-6061-4.
  8. "1st World Jamboree". The Pine Tree Web. 1998. Archived from the original on May 14, 2011. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
  9. O'Farrell, Patrick (2004). "Mannix, Daniel (1864–1963)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography . Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/55446 . Retrieved 2011-11-11.
  10. "Yugoslavia", in The Statesman's Year-Book: Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for the Year 1936 (Macmillan and Co., 1936) p1388
  11. ja:明治神宮#沿革 (Japanese language) Retrieved January 15, 2016.
  12. 1 2 Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 488–490. ISBN   0-304-35730-8.
  13. Based on its genetic history. "HIV pandemic's origins located". University of Oxford. 2014-10-03. Retrieved 2014-10-29.
  14. Isaac Asimov. In Memory Yet Green. The date of my birth, as I celebrate it, was January 2, 1920. It could not have been later than that. It might, however, have been earlier. Allowing for the uncertainties of the times, of the lack of records, of the Jewish and Julian calendars, it might have been as early as October 4, 1919. There is, however, no way of finding out. My parents were always uncertain and it really doesn't matter. I celebrate January 2, 1920, so let it be.

Primary sources and year books