1920 United States Census

Last updated

Fourteenth Census
of the United States
  1910
1930  
Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
U.S. Census Bureau Seal
General information
CountryUnited States
Date takenJanuary 5, 1920
Total population106,021,537
Percent changeIncrease2.svg 15.0%
Most populous state New York
10,385,227
Least populous state Nevada
77,407

The United States Census of 1920, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from January 5, 1920, determined the resident population of the United States to be 106,021,537, an increase of 15.0 percent over the 92,228,496 persons enumerated during the 1910 Census.

Contents

Despite the constitutional requirement that House seats be reapportioned to the states respective of their population every ten years according to the census, members of Congress failed to agree on a reapportionment plan following this census, and the distribution of seats from the 1910 census remained in effect until 1933. In 1929, Congress passed the Reapportionment Act of 1929 which provided for a permanent method of reapportionment and fixed the number of Representatives at 435.

This was the first census in which a state – New York – recorded a population of more than ten million.

Census questions

The 1920 census collected the following information: [1]

Full documentation for the 1920 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

State rankings

RankStatePopulation as of
1920 Census
Population as of
1910 Census
ChangePercent
change
1Flag of New York.svg  New York 10,385,2279,113,6141,271,613 Increase2.svg14.0% Increase2.svg
2Flag of Pennsylvania.svg  Pennsylvania 8,720,0177,665,1111,054,906 Increase2.svg13.8% Increase2.svg
3Flag of Illinois.svg  Illinois 6,485,2805,638,591846,689 Increase2.svg15.0% Increase2.svg
4Flag of Ohio.svg  Ohio 5,759,3944,767,121992,273 Increase2.svg20.8% Increase2.svg
5Flag of Texas.svg  Texas 4,663,2283,896,542766,686 Increase2.svg19.7% Increase2.svg
6Flag of Massachusetts.svg  Massachusetts 3,852,3563,366,416485,940 Increase2.svg14.4% Increase2.svg
7Flag of Michigan.svg  Michigan 3,668,4122,810,173858,239 Increase2.svg30.5% Increase2.svg
8Flag of California.svg  California 3,426,8612,377,5491,049,312 Increase2.svg44.1% Increase2.svg
9Flag of Missouri.svg  Missouri 3,404,0553,293,335110,720 Increase2.svg3.4% Increase2.svg
10Flag of New Jersey.svg  New Jersey 3,155,9002,537,167618,733 Increase2.svg24.4% Increase2.svg
11Flag of Indiana.svg  Indiana 2,930,3902,700,876229,514 Increase2.svg8.5% Increase2.svg
12Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg  Georgia 2,895,8322,609,121286,711 Increase2.svg11.0% Increase2.svg
13Flag of Wisconsin.svg  Wisconsin 2,632,0672,333,860298,207 Increase2.svg12.8% Increase2.svg
14Flag of North Carolina.svg  North Carolina 2,559,1232,206,287352,836 Increase2.svg16.0% Increase2.svg
15Flag of Kentucky.svg  Kentucky 2,416,6302,289,905126,725 Increase2.svg5.5% Increase2.svg
16Flag of Iowa.svg  Iowa 2,404,0212,224,771179,250 Increase2.svg8.1% Increase2.svg
17Flag of Minnesota.svg  Minnesota 2,387,1252,075,708311,417 Increase2.svg15.0% Increase2.svg
18Flag of Alabama.svg  Alabama 2,348,1742,138,093210,081 Increase2.svg9.8% Increase2.svg
19Flag of Tennessee.svg  Tennessee 2,337,8852,184,789153,096 Increase2.svg7.0% Increase2.svg
20Flag of Virginia.svg  Virginia 2,309,1872,061,612247,575 Increase2.svg12.0% Increase2.svg
21Flag of Oklahoma.svg  Oklahoma 2,028,2831,657,155371,128 Increase2.svg22.4% Increase2.svg
22Flag of Louisiana.svg  Louisiana 1,798,5091,656,388142,121 Increase2.svg8.6% Increase2.svg
23Flag of Mississippi.svg  Mississippi 1,790,6181,797,114-6,496 Decrease2.svg-0.4% Decrease2.svg
24Flag of Kansas.svg  Kansas 1,769,2571,690,94978,308 Increase2.svg4.6% Increase2.svg
25Flag of Arkansas.svg  Arkansas 1,752,2041,574,449177,755 Increase2.svg11.3% Increase2.svg
26Flag of South Carolina.svg  South Carolina 1,683,7241,515,400168,324 Increase2.svg11.1% Increase2.svg
27Flag of West Virginia.svg  West Virginia 1,463,7011,221,119242,582 Increase2.svg19.9% Increase2.svg
28Flag of Maryland.svg  Maryland 1,449,6611,295,346154,315 Increase2.svg11.9% Increase2.svg
29Flag of Connecticut.svg  Connecticut 1,380,6311,114,756265,875 Increase2.svg23.9% Increase2.svg
30Flag of Washington.svg  Washington 1,356,6211,141,990214,631 Increase2.svg18.8% Increase2.svg
31Flag of Nebraska.svg  Nebraska 1,296,3721,192,214104,158 Increase2.svg8.7% Increase2.svg
32Flag of Florida.svg  Florida 968,470752,619215,851 Increase2.svg28.7% Increase2.svg
33Flag of Colorado.svg  Colorado 939,629799,024140,605 Increase2.svg17.6% Increase2.svg
34Flag of Oregon.svg  Oregon 783,389672,765110,624 Increase2.svg16.4% Increase2.svg
35Flag of Maine.svg  Maine 768,014742,37125,643 Increase2.svg3.5% Increase2.svg
36Flag of North Dakota.svg  North Dakota 646,872577,05669,816 Increase2.svg12.1% Increase2.svg
37Flag of South Dakota.svg  South Dakota 636,547583,88852,659 Increase2.svg9.0% Increase2.svg
38Flag of Rhode Island.svg  Rhode Island 604,397542,61061,787 Increase2.svg11.4% Increase2.svg
39Flag of Montana.svg  Montana 548,889376,053172,836 Increase2.svg46.0% Increase2.svg
40Flag of Utah.svg  Utah 449,396373,35176,045 Increase2.svg20.4% Increase2.svg
41Flag of New Hampshire.svg  New Hampshire 443,083430,57212,511 Increase2.svg2.9% Increase2.svg
Flag of Washington, D.C..svg  District of Columbia 437,571331,069106,502 Increase2.svg32.2% Increase2.svg
42Flag of Idaho.svg  Idaho 431,866325,594106,272 Increase2.svg32.6% Increase2.svg
43Flag of New Mexico.svg  New Mexico 360,350327,30133,049 Increase2.svg10.1% Increase2.svg
44Flag of Vermont.svg  Vermont 352,428355,956-3,528 Decrease2.svg-1.0% Decrease2.svg
45Flag of Arizona.svg  Arizona 334,162204,354129,808 Increase2.svg63.5% Increase2.svg
Flag of Hawaii.svg  Hawaii 255,881191,87464,007 Increase2.svg33.4% Increase2.svg
46Flag of Delaware.svg  Delaware 223,003202,32220,681 Increase2.svg10.2% Increase2.svg
47Flag of Wyoming.svg  Wyoming 194,402145,96548,437 Increase2.svg33.2% Increase2.svg
48Flag of Nevada.svg  Nevada 77,40781,875-4,468 Decrease2.svg-5.5% Decrease2.svg
Flag of Alaska.svg  Alaska 55,03664,356-9,320 Decrease2.svg-14.5% Decrease2.svg

Territories

United States Territories
Year of conquest or purchaseTerritoryPopulation
1867 Alaska 55,036
1898 Hawaii 255,881
1898 Puerto Rico 1,299,809
1898 Guam 13,275
1898 Philippine Islands 10,314,310
1899 American Samoa N/A
1903 Panama Canal Zone N/A
1915 Haiti N/A
1916 Santo Domingo 894,652
1916 US Virgin Islands N/A

City rankings

RankCityStatePopulation [2] Region (2016) [3]
01 New York New York 5,620,048 Northeast
02 Chicago Illinois 2,701,705 Midwest
03 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 1,823,779 Northeast
04 Detroit Michigan 993,078 Midwest
05 Cleveland Ohio 796,841 Midwest
06 St. Louis Missouri 772,897 Midwest
07 Boston Massachusetts 748,060 Northeast
08 Baltimore Maryland 733,826 South
09 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 588,343 Northeast
10 Los Angeles California 576,673 West
11 Buffalo New York 506,775 Northeast
12 San Francisco California 506,676 West
13 Milwaukee Wisconsin 457,147 Midwest
14 Washington District of Columbia 437,571 South
15 Newark New Jersey 414,524 Northeast
16 Cincinnati Ohio 401,247 Midwest
17 New Orleans Louisiana 387,219 South
18 Minneapolis Minnesota 380,582 Midwest
19 Kansas City Missouri 324,410 Midwest
20 Seattle Washington 315,312 West
21 Indianapolis Indiana 314,194 Midwest
22 Jersey City New Jersey 298,103 Northeast
23 Rochester New York 295,750 Northeast
24 Portland Oregon 258,288 West
25 Denver Colorado 256,491 West
26 Toledo Ohio 243,164 Midwest
27 Providence Rhode Island 237,595 Northeast
28 Columbus Ohio 237,031 Midwest
29 Louisville Kentucky 234,891 South
30 Saint Paul Minnesota 234,698 Midwest
31 Oakland California 216,261 West
32 Akron Ohio 208,435 Midwest
33 Atlanta Georgia 200,616 South
34 Omaha Nebraska 191,601 Midwest
35 Worcester Massachusetts 179,754 Northeast
36 Birmingham Alabama 178,806 South
37 Syracuse New York 171,717 Northeast
38 Richmond Virginia 171,667 South
39 New Haven Connecticut 162,537 Northeast
40 Memphis Tennessee 162,351 South
41 San Antonio Texas 161,379 South
42 Dallas Texas 158,976 South
43 Dayton Ohio 152,559 Midwest
44 Bridgeport Connecticut 143,555 Northeast
45 Houston Texas 138,276 South
46 Hartford Connecticut 138,036 Northeast
47 Scranton Pennsylvania 137,783 Northeast
48 Grand Rapids Michigan 137,634 Midwest
49 Paterson New Jersey 135,875 Northeast
50 Youngstown Ohio 132,358 Midwest
51 Springfield Massachusetts 129,614 Northeast
52 Des Moines Iowa 126,468 Midwest
53 New Bedford Massachusetts 121,217 Northeast
54 Fall River Massachusetts 120,485 Northeast
55 Trenton New Jersey 119,289 Northeast
56 Nashville Tennessee 118,342 South
57 Salt Lake City Utah 118,110 West
58 Camden New Jersey 116,309 Northeast
59 Norfolk Virginia 115,777 South
60 Albany New York 113,344 Northeast
61 Lowell Massachusetts 112,759 Northeast
62 Wilmington Delaware 110,168 South
63 Cambridge Massachusetts 109,694 Northeast
64 Reading Pennsylvania 107,784 Northeast
65 Fort Worth Texas 106,482 South
66 Spokane Washington 104,437 West
67 Kansas City Kansas 101,177 Midwest
68 Yonkers New York 100,176 Northeast
69 Lynn Massachusetts 99,148 Northeast
70 Duluth Minnesota 98,917 Midwest
71 Tacoma Washington 96,965 West
72 Elizabeth New Jersey 95,783 Northeast
73 Lawrence Massachusetts 94,270 Northeast
74 Utica New York 94,156 Northeast
75 Erie Pennsylvania 93,372 Northeast
76 Somerville Massachusetts 93,091 Northeast
77 Waterbury Connecticut 91,715 Northeast
78 Flint Michigan 91,599 Midwest
79 Jacksonville Florida 91,558 South
80 Oklahoma City Oklahoma 91,295 South
81 Schenectady New York 88,723 Northeast
82 Canton Ohio 87,091 Midwest
83 Fort Wayne Indiana 86,549 Midwest
84 Evansville Indiana 85,264 Midwest
85 Savannah Georgia 83,252 South
86 Manchester New Hampshire 78,384 Northeast
87 St. Joseph Missouri 77,939 Midwest
88 Knoxville Tennessee 77,818 South
89 El Paso Texas 77,560 South
90 Bayonne New Jersey 76,754 Northeast
91 Peoria Illinois 76,121 Midwest
92 Harrisburg Pennsylvania 75,917 Northeast
93 San Diego California 74,683 West
94 Wilkes-Barre Pennsylvania 73,833 Northeast
95 Allentown Pennsylvania 73,502 Northeast
96 Wichita Kansas 72,217 Midwest
97 Tulsa Oklahoma 72,075 South
98 Troy New York 71,996 Northeast
99 Sioux City Iowa 71,227 Midwest
100 South Bend Indiana 70,983 Midwest

Data availability

The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s; after which the original sheets were destroyed. [4] (dead link). The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations also host images of the microfilmed census online, and digital indices.

Microdata from the 1920 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

Notes

  1. "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790–1925". New York State Library. October 1981. pp. 45 (p. 51 of PDF). Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2008.
  2. Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
  3. "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
  4. Algonquin Area Public Library District. "Census Secrets" (PDF). Retrieved May 17, 2012.[ permanent dead link ]

Related Research Articles

Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether they are of Hispanic or Latino origin.

2000 United States Census 22nd determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000

The United States Census of 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2 percent over the 248,709,873 people enumerated during the 1990 Census. This was the twenty-second federal census and was at the time the largest civilly administered peacetime effort in the United States.

United States Census Decennial census mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution

The United States Census is a decennial census mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution, which states: "Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States... according to their respective Numbers.... The actual Enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years". Section 2 of the 14th Amendment amended Article I, Section 2 to include that the "respective Numbers" of the "several States" will be determined by "counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed.” The United States Census Bureau is responsible for the United States Census. The Bureau of the Census is part of the United States Department of Commerce.

1990 United States Census Determined the resident population of the United States on 1 April 1990

The United States Census of 1990, conducted by the Census Bureau, was the first census to be directed by a woman, Barbara Everitt Bryant. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9.8 percent over the 226,545,805 persons enumerated during the 1980 Census.

1890 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1890 was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time. The data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, South Dakota, and Texas, and the District of Columbia.

1850 United States Census Seventh U.S. national census seeing 35.9% increase since 1840

The United States Census of 1850 was the seventh census of the United States. Conducted by the Census Office, it determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876—an increase of 35.9 percent over the 17,069,453 persons enumerated during the 1840 Census. The total population included 3,204,313 slaves.

1840 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1840 was the sixth census of the United States. Conducted by the Census Office on June 1, 1840, it determined the resident population of the United States to be 17,069,453 – an increase of 32.7 percent over the 12,866,020 persons enumerated during the 1830 Census. The total population included 2,487,355 slaves. In 1840, the center of population was about 260 miles (418 km) west of Washington, near Weston, Virginia.

1980 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1980, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11.4 percent over the 203,184,772 persons enumerated during the 1970 Census. It was the first census in which a state – California – recorded a population of 20 million people, as well as the first in which all states recorded populations of over 400,000.

1830 United States Census

The United States Census of 1830, the fifth census undertaken in the United States, was conducted on June 1, 1830. The only loss of census records for 1830 involved some countywide losses in Massachusetts, Maryland, and Mississippi.

1860 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States starting June 1, 1860, and lasting five months. It determined the population of the United States to be 31,443,322, in 33 states and 10 organized territories. This was an increase of 35.4 percent over the 23,191,876 persons enumerated during the 1850 Census. The total population included 3,953,762 slaves.

1880 United States Census 10th U.S. national census

The United States Census of 1880 conducted by the Census Bureau during June 1880 was the tenth United States Census. It was the first time that women were permitted to be enumerators. The Superintendent of the Census was Francis Amasa Walker. This was the first census in which a city – New York – recorded a population of over one million.

1870 United States Census Ninth U.S. national census; first to provide detailed demographic info on African Americans

The United States Census of 1870 was the ninth United States Census. It was conducted by the Census Bureau from June 1, 1870 to August 23, 1871. The 1870 Census was the first census to provide detailed information on the African-American population, only five years after the culmination of the Civil War when slaves were granted freedom. The total population was 38,925,598 with a resident population of 38,558,371 individuals, a 22.6% increase from 1860. The 1870 Census' population estimate was controversial, as many believed it underestimated the true population numbers, especially in New York and Pennsylvania.

1900 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1900, conducted by the Census Office on June 1, 1900, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21 percent over the 62,979,766 persons enumerated during the 1890 Census.

1910 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1910, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 Census. The 1910 Census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation.

1930 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1930, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census.

1940 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1940, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 122,775,046 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, and information about wages. This census introduced sampling techniques; one in 20 people were asked additional questions on the census form. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939. This was the first census in which every state (48) had a population greater than 100,000.

1950 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1950, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 150,697,361, an increase of 14.5 percent over the 131,669,275 persons enumerated during the 1940 Census. This was the first census in which:

1960 United States Census

The United States Census of 1960, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 179,323,175, an increase of 18.5 percent over the 151,325,798 persons enumerated during the 1950 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over 200,000.

1970 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1970, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 203,392,031, an increase of 13.4 percent over the 179,323,175 persons enumerated during the 1960 Census. This was the first census since 1800 in which New York was not the most populous state – California overtook it in population in November 1962. This was also the first census in which all states recorded a population of over 300,000, and the first in which a city in the geographic South recorded a population of over 1 million (Houston).

Marion Bernice Yazdi, born October 9, 1902 at Marcellus, Cass County, Michigan, died February 2, 1996 at Natick, Middlesex County, Massachusetts or at Wellesley, Norfolk County, Massachusetts, was the first Baháʼí student at the University of California at Berkeley, and at Stanford University. She was a daughter of Crowell E. and Elizabeth Carpenter, natives of Michigan and Ohio, respectively, who moved from Schoolcraft, Kalamazoo County, Michigan to Santa Paula, Ventura County, California between the 1910 and 1920 censuses.