1924 Summer Olympics

Last updated

Games of the VIII Olympiad
1924 Summer Olympics logo.svg
Emblem of the 1924 Summer Olympics
Host city Paris, France
Nations44
Athletes3,089 (2,954 men, 135 women)
Events126 in 17 sports (23 disciplines)
Opening5 July 1924
Closing27 July 1924
Opened by
Stadium Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir
Summer
Winter

The 1924 Summer Olympics (French : Jeux olympiques d'été de 1924), officially the Games of the VIII Olympiad (French : Jeux de la VIIIe olympiade) and also known as Paris 1924, were an international multi-sport event held in Paris, France. The opening ceremony was held on 5 July, but some competitions had already started on 4 May. The Games were the second to be hosted by Paris (after 1900), making it the first city to host the Olympics twice.

Contents

The selection process for the 1924 Summer Olympics consisted of six bids, and Paris was selected ahead of Amsterdam, Barcelona, Los Angeles, Prague, and Rome. The selection was made at the 20th IOC Session in Lausanne in 1921. [2] The cost of these Games was estimated to be 10,000,000F. With total receipts at 5,496,610F, the Olympics resulted in a hefty loss despite crowds that reached up to 60,000 in number daily. [3] The United States won the most gold and overall medals, having 229 athletes competing compared to France's 401.

Highlights

Colombes Olympic Stadium Stade de Colombes 1924.jpg
Colombes Olympic Stadium

Sports

Overall map of the Olympic venues Paris JO 1924.svg
Overall map of the Olympic venues
The "Olympic Number" of Life, 10 Jul 1924. LIFEMagazine10Jul1924.jpg
The "Olympic Number" of Life , 10 Jul 1924.

126 events in 23 disciplines, comprising 17 sports, were part of the Olympic program in 1924. The number of events in each discipline is noted in parentheses.

Demonstration sports

Jeux de L’Enfance

The Jeux de L’Enfance, a program of youth sports competitions and activities, were held by Olympic organizers alongside the Games in cooperation with the YMCA. [8] [9] The following future Olympic sports were exhibited:

Venues

Map of Olympic sites Paris JO 1924.svg
Map of Olympic sites

Seventeen sports venues were used in the 1924 Summer Olympics. Stade de Colombes served as the final venue for the 1938 FIFA World Cup between Italy and Hungary.

VenueSportsCapacityRef.
Bagatelle Polo 598 [10]
Bassin d'Argenteuil Rowing 2,216 [11]
Camp de Châlons Shooting (600 m free rifle individual and team)395 [12]
Fontainebleau Modern pentathlon (riding)Not listed. [13]
Hippodrome d'Auteuil Equestrian 8,922 [14]
Issy-les-Moulineaux Shooting (trap shooting, including team event)41 [15]
Le Havre Sailing 541 [16]
Le Stade Olympique de Reims Shooting (trap shooting, running target)420 [17]
Le Stand de Tir de Versailles Modern pentathlon (shooting), Shooting (25 m rapid fire pistol, running deer)82 [18]
Meulan-en-Yvelines Sailing389 [19]
Piscine des Tourelles Diving, Modern pentathlon (swimming), Swimming, Water polo 8,023 [20]
Saint-Cloud Polo7,836 [10]
Stade Bergeyre Football10,455 [21]
Stade de Colombes Athletics, Cycling (road), Equestrian, Fencing, Football (final), Gymnastics, Modern pentathlon (fencing, running), Rugby union, Tennis 60,000 [22]
Stade de Paris Football5,145 [23]
Stade Pershing Football8,110 [24]
Vélodrome d'hiver Boxing, Fencing, Weightlifting, Wrestling 10,884 [25]
Vélodrome de Vincennes Cycling (track)12,750 [26]

Participating nations

Participating Countries of the 1924 Olympiad 1924 Summer Olympic games countries.png
Participating Countries of the 1924 Olympiad
Number of athletes 1924 Summer olympics team numbers.png
Number of athletes

A total of 44 nations were represented at the 1924 Games. Germany was still absent, having not been invited by the Organizing Committee. [27] China (although it did not compete), Ecuador, Ireland, Lithuania, and Uruguay attended the Olympic Games for the first time, while the Philippines competed for first time in an Olympic Games as a nation (though it first participated in the 1900 Summer Olympic Games, also in this city). Latvia and Poland also attended the Summer Olympic Games for the first time (having both appeared earlier at the 1924 Winter Olympics in Chamonix).

Participating National Olympic Committees

Number of athletes by National Olympic Committees

Medal count

These are the nations that won medals the 1924 Games.

  *   Host nation (France)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1US flag 48 stars.svg  United States 45272799
2Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 14131037
3Flag of France.svg  France*13151038
4Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain 9131234
5Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Italy 83516
6Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland 781025
7Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 52310
8Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 4131229
9Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 41510
10Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 37313
11Flag of Australia.svg  Australia 3126
12Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 2529
13Flag of Hungary (1915-1918, 1919-1946; 3-2 aspect ratio).svg  Hungary 2349
14Flag of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.svg  Yugoslavia 2002
15Flag of Czechoslovakia.svg  Czechoslovakia 14510
16Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 1326
17Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia 1146
18Red Ensign of South Africa (1912-1951).svg  South Africa 1113
19Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 1001
20Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 0314
Flag of Canada (1921-1957).svg  Canada 0314
22Flag of Poland (1919-1928).svg  Poland 0112
23Flag of Haiti (1859-1964).svg  Haiti 0011
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg  Japan 0011
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 0011
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 0011
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 0011
Totals (27 entries)126127125378

Legacy

The 1924 Summer Olympics were the second edition of the Summer Olympics to be held in Paris. 100 years later, the city will host the 2024 Summer Olympics, marking the third time the city hosts the games. One venue from the 1924 Games is slated to be used in 2024. The extensively renovated and downsized main stadium, known since 1928 as Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir, will host field hockey.

Last surviving competitor

The last surviving competitor of the 1924 Summer Olympics was Croatian swimmer Ivo Pavelić, who died on 22 February 2011 at the age of 103; he competed for Yugoslavia, which Croatia was part of at the time. [31]

See also

Notes

  1. "Factsheet - Opening Ceremony of the Games f the Olympiad" (PDF) (Press release). International Olympic Committee. 13 September 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 August 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  2. "Past Olympic host city election results". GamesBids. Archived from the original on 24 January 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2011.
  3. Zarnowski, C. Frank (Summer 1992). "A Look at Olympic Costs" (PDF). Citius, Altius, Fortius. 1 (1): 16–32. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 10 August 2017.
  4. The Official History of the Olympic Games and the IOC- Athens to Beijing, 1894–2008: David Miller (2008)
  5. "Opening Ceremony" (PDF). International Olympic Committee. 2002. p. 3. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 December 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2012.; "Sport athlétique", 14 mars 1891: "[...] dans une éloquente allocution il a souhaité que ce drapeau les conduise 'souvent à la victoire, à la lutte toujours'. Il a dit qu'il leur donnait pour devise ces trois mots qui sont le fondement et la raison d'être des sports athlétiques: citius, altius, fortius, 'plus vite, plus haut, plus fort'.", cited in Hoffmane, Simone La carrière du père Didon, Dominicain. 1840 - 1900, Doctoral thesis, Université de Paris IV - Sorbonne, 1985, p. 926; cf. Michaela Lochmann, Les fondements pédagogiques de la devise olympique „citius, altius, fortius"
  6. M. Avé, Comité Olympique Français, pp. 601–612
  7. "Demonstration sports : history at the Olympic Summer Games / The Olympic Studies Centre". Olympic World Library. 19 January 2024. Archived from the original on 19 January 2024. Retrieved 27 January 2024.
  8. Barker, Philip (3 March 2015). "Did the first Youth Olympics really take place in Paris 100 years ago?". International Society of Olympic Historians – ISOH. Retrieved 29 January 2024.
  9. 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 628. (in French)
  10. 1 2 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 528-9. (in French)
  11. 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 165-7. (in French)
  12. 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 565-6. (in French)
  13. 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 501-3. (in French)
  14. 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 222-3. (in French)
  15. 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 544-6, 549. (in French)
  16. 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 584, 587. (in French)
  17. 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 563-5, 568. (in French)
  18. 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 489, 548-9.
  19. 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 582-3, 587. (in French)
  20. 1924 Olympic official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 438-40, 443-4, 499 (in French).
  21. 1924 Summer Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 318, 320. (in French)
  22. 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 50-5, 96-7, 121, 152, 216, 222, 238, 248, 265, 318, 339, 375, 499, 503, 536. (in French)
  23. 1924 Summer Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 318, 321. (in French)
  24. 1924 Summer Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 318, 322. (in French).
  25. 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 182-3, 203-4, 255, 266, 400, 425, 507. (in French)
  26. 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 200-217. (in French)
  27. Guttmann, Allen (1992). The Olympics: A History of the Modern Games . Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press. p.  38. ISBN   0-252-01701-3.
  28. M. Avé (ed.). Les Jeux de la VIIIe Olympiade Paris 1924 – Rapport Officiel (PDF) (in French). Paris: Librairie de France. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 May 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2012. 39 seulement s'alignérent, ne représentant plus que 24 nations, la Chine, le Portugal et la Yougoslavie ayant déclaré forfait.
  29. Georgiou, Mark (26 March 2012). "Everest Olympic medal pledge set to be honoured". BBC News. Archived from the original on 22 September 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
  30. Douglas, Ed (19 May 2012). "My modest father never mentioned his Everest expedition Olympic gold". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
  31. "Ivo Pavelić". Olympedia. Archived from the original on 8 June 2021. Retrieved 8 June 2021.
Summer Olympics
Preceded by VIII Olympiad
Paris

1924
Succeeded by

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