Route of the 1924 Tour de France followed counterclockwise, starting in Paris
|Dates||22 June – 20 July|
|Distance||5,425 km (3,371 mi)|
|Winning time||222h 15' 30"|
The 1924 Tour de France was the 18th edition of the Tour de France and was won by Ottavio Bottecchia. He was the first Italian cyclist to win the Tour and the first rider to hold the yellow jersey the entire event. The race was held over 5,425 km with an average speed of 23.972 km/h (14.896 mph). 60 riders finished the race from the original 157 cyclists.
The Tour de France is an annual men's multiple stage bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally passing through nearby countries. Like the other Grand Tours, it consists of 21 day-long stages over the course of 23 days. It has been described as "the world’s most prestigious and most difficult bicycle race".
Ottavio Bottecchia was an Italian cyclist and the first Italian winner of the Tour de France.
Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a European country located in Southern Europe consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely temperate seasonal climate including Mediterranean and Alpine zones. The country covers a total area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi), and land area of 294,140 km2 (113,570 sq mi), and shares open land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member state of the European Union.
Entrants of the 1924 Tour included several past and future winners including defending champion Henri Pélissier (1923), Philippe Thys (1913, 1914, 1920), Lucien Buysse (1926) and Nicolas Frantz (1927, 1928).
The 1923 Tour de France was the 17th edition of the Tour de France, taking place 24 June to 22 July. It consisted of 15 stages over 5386 km, ridden at an average speed of 24.233 km/h. The race was won by Henri Pélissier with a convincing half-hour lead to his next opponent, Italian Ottavio Bottecchia. In total, 139 cyclists entered the race, of which 48 finished. Pélissier's victory was the first French victory since 1911, as the Tour de France had been dominated by Belgian cyclists since then.
Philippe Thys was a Belgian cyclist and three times winner of the Tour de France.
The 1913 Tour de France was the 11th edition of the Tour de France, taking place between 29 June and 27 July. The total distance was 5,287 kilometres (3,285 mi) and the average speed of the riders was 26.715 kilometres per hour (16.600 mph). The competition was won by the Belgian Philippe Thys, after in the crucial sixth stage Eugène Christophe broke his bicycle and lost several hours because he had to do the repairs by himself. In the last stage, Thys also had mechanical problems, but he got help during the repairs, and only got a penalty of ten minutes.
The event saw the increase of the time bonus for stage wins move from 2 minutes to 3 minutes. In addition, it was the final year of the 15-stage format that had started in 1910. One of the most important events of the race occurred on the third stage, when defending champion Pélissier quit the race because of a new fight with tour organiser Henri Desgrange.
The 1910 Tour de France was the eighth edition of the Tour de France, taking place 3 to 31 July. It consisted of 15 stages over 4,734 kilometres (2,942 mi), ridden at an average speed of 28.680 km/h. It was the first Tour to enter the Pyrenees mountains. Two main candidates for the victory were 1909 winner François Faber, a sprinter, and Octave Lapize, a climber, both members of the powerful Alcyon team. Because of the points system, their chances for the overall victory were approximately equal. The race was not decided until the final stage, after which Lapize had won by a difference of only four points.
In 1923, a time bonus of two minutes for each stage winner had been introduced. This was considered successful, and the time bonus was increased to three minutes for the 1924 Tour de France.
After the 1923 Tour de France, the winner Henri Pélissier had said that the runner-up Bottecchia would go on to win the race.
In 1924, there was a rule that the cyclists had to finish with everything they started with, and the officials suspected that Pélissier would start in the cold morning with many jerseys, and remove them once the day warmed up.The rule had been introduced in 1920, when all the cyclists were sponsored by the combined sponsor La Sportive, to prevent waste of material. Pélissier objected to the rule, on the ground that the jerseys that he wore were his own, and had not been provided by the sponsor.
La Sportive is the name under which French cyclists rode in the first years after the First World War, when there was not enough money for conventional cycling teams.
At the start of the third stage, a tour official checked how many jerseys Henri Pélissier was wearing. Pélissier was angry, and declared that he would not start the race.He did so anyway, but retired at Coutances, together with his brother Francis Pélissier and teammate Maurice Ville. The three cyclists met journalist Albert Londres of Petit Parisien, to whom they complained about the circumstances in which the cyclists had to race. In that third stage, that ended on a circuit, Theophile Beeckman crossed the finish line first. However, the bell indicating the last lap was not rung, and Philippe Thys was placed ex aequo on the first place by the officials.
In the first five stages, the cyclists finished in groups, and the time bonus of three minutes for the winner was the only thing that separated the cyclists. After the third and fourth stage, Bottecchia had the same time as Beeckman, although Bottecchia was still given the yellow jersey as classification leader.In the sixth and seventh stage, Bottecchia extended his lead in the Pyrenees. After these stages, he had a margin of 50 minutes over second-placed Nicolas Frantz.
In the Alps, Bottecchia was not so dominant anymore. In stages 10 to 13, Frantz won back a few minutes per stage, but it was not enough. In the thirteenth stage, Bottecchia ran into a dog and fell.Nicolas Frantz tried to win back time, but failed.
In the penultimate stage, Italian Giovanni Brunero was in third place in the overall classification,when he had to give up. Prior to the last stage, the margin between Bottecchia and Frantz was still 32 minutes. Bottecchia won the final stage to Paris, and the time bonus of 3 minutes made the margin 35 minutes.
In each stage, all cyclists started together. The cyclist who reached the finish first, was the winner of the stage. The time that each cyclist required to finish the stage was recorded. For the general classification, these times were added up; the cyclist with the least accumulated time (after compensating for time bonuses and/or time penalties) was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey.
|1||22 June||Paris to Le Havre||381 km (237 mi)||Plain stage|
|2||24 June||Le Havre to Cherbourg||371 km (231 mi)||Plain stage|
|3||26 June||Cherbourg to Brest||405 km (252 mi)||Plain stage|
|4||28 June||Brest to Les Sables-d'Olonne||412 km (256 mi)||Plain stage|
|5||30 June||Les Sables-d'Olonne to Bayonne||482 km (300 mi)||Plain stage|
|6||2 July||Bayonne to Luchon||326 km (203 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)|
|7||4 July||Luchon to Perpignan||323 km (201 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)|
|8||6 July||Perpignan to Toulon||427 km (265 mi)||Plain stage|
|9||8 July||Toulon to Nice||280 km (170 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)|
|10||10 July||Nice to Briançon||275 km (171 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)|
|11||12 July||Briançon to Gex||307 km (191 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)|
|12||14 July||Gex to Strasbourg||360 km (220 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)|
|13||16 July||Strasbourg to Metz||300 km (190 mi)||Plain stage|
|14||18 July||Metz to Dunkerque||433 km (269 mi)||Plain stage|
|15||20 July||Dunkerque to Paris||343 km (213 mi)||Plain stage|
|Total||5,425 km (3,371 mi)|
Bottecchia became the first Italian cyclist who won the Tour de France, and the first cyclist to wear the yellow jersey from the start to the end of the Tour de France.
|1||1||226h 18' 21"|
|2||1||+ 35' 36"|
|3||1||+ 1h 32' 13"|
|4||1||+ 1h 32' 47"|
|5||1||+ 2h 11' 12"|
|6||1||+ 2h 35' 33"|
|7||1||+ 2h 41' 31"|
|8||1||+ 2h 51' 09"|
|9||2||+ 2h 58' 13"|
|10||1||+ 3h 05' 04"|
|Final general classification (11–60)|
|11||1||+ 3h 15' 24"|
|12||1||+ 3h 21' 45"|
|13||1||+ 3h 48' 24"|
|14||1||+ 3h 55' 45"|
|15||2||+ 5h 11' 48"|
|16||1||+ 5h 20' 11"|
|17||2||+ 5h 41' 48"|
|18||1||+ 5h 54' 19"|
|19||Touriste-Routier||+ 6h 00' 04"|
|20||1||+ 6h 26' 21"|
|21||2||+ 6h 43' 13"|
|22||Touriste-Routier||+ 6h 50' 56"|
|23||2||+ 7h 11' 37"|
|24||Touriste-Routier||+ 7h 44' 31"|
|25||1||+ 8h 00' 04"|
|26||Touriste-Routier||+ 12h 29' 46"|
|27||Touriste-Routier||+ 13h 15' 14"|
|28||Touriste-Routier||+ 14h 50' 28"|
|29||Touriste-Routier||+ 15h 16' 18"|
|30||Touriste-Routier||+ 15h 24' 08"|
|31||Touriste-Routier||+ 15h 54' 56"|
|32||Touriste-Routier||+ 16h 11' 51"|
|33||Touriste-Routier||+ 16h 52' 38"|
|34||Touriste-Routier||+ 19h 06' 49"|
|35||Touriste-Routier||+ 19h 11' 39"|
|36||Touriste-Routier||+ 20h 28' 18"|
|37||Touriste-Routier||+ 21h 05' 27"|
|38||Touriste-Routier||+ 22h 11' 50"|
|39||Touriste-Routier||+ 22h 29' 17"|
|40||Touriste-Routier||+ 22h 29' 21"|
|41||Touriste-Routier||+ 23h 22' 06"|
|42||Touriste-Routier||+ 24h 06' 31"|
|43||Touriste-Routier||+ 27h 28' 50"|
|44||Touriste-Routier||+ 27h 29' 43"|
|45||Touriste-Routier||+ 27h 39' 21"|
|46||Touriste-Routier||+ 27h 52' 14"|
|47||Touriste-Routier||+ 28h 24' 17"|
|48||Touriste-Routier||+ 29h 06' 03"|
|49||Touriste-Routier||+ 29h 08' 30"|
|50||Touriste-Routier||+ 29h 48' 55"|
|51||Touriste-Routier||+ 30h 37' 47"|
|52||Touriste-Routier||+ 33h 42' 07"|
|53||Touriste-Routier||+ 35h 39' 35"|
|54||Touriste-Routier||+ 36h 42' 45"|
|55||Touriste-Routier||+ 36h 46' 37"|
|56||Touriste-Routier||+ 38h 01' 35"|
|57||Touriste-Routier||+ 41h 30' 49"|
|58||Touriste-Routier||+ 43h 17' 24"|
|59||Touriste-Routier||+ 44h 51' 39"|
|60||Touriste-Routier||+ 45h 12' 05"|
A few days after Henri Pélissier quit the race, he sent a letter to the communist magazine l'Humanité, writing that he accepted "‘excessive fatigue, suffering, pain" as part of the cycling profession, but that he wanted to be treated as a human being.Tour organiser Desgrange still kept to his formula of trying to get the cyclists to ride individually until 1930, when he accepted that cyclists would run in teams and introduced nationalized teams.
The number of stages increased in the next years. For example, in 1925 the cyclists went from Brest to Bayonne in two stages, racing 900 km (560 mi) in total; in 1926 this was done in four stages, racing 894 km (556 mi). With these shorter stages, the cyclists did not have to start in the middle of the night.
Bottecchia would win the Tour de France again in 1925. The runner-up, Nicolas Frantz, would win in 1927 and 1928; in 1928 he would repeat the feat of Bottecchia of wearing the yellow jersey the entire race.
The 1914 Tour de France was the 12th edition of the Tour de France, taking place in 15 stages from 28 June to 26 July. The total distance was 5,380 kilometres (3,340 mi) and the average speed of the riders was 26.835 kilometres per hour (16.674 mph). It was won by the Belgian cyclist Philippe Thys.
The 1929 Tour de France was the 23rd edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 30 June to 28 July. It consisted of 22 stages over 5,286 km (3,285 mi).
Nicolas Frantz was a Luxembourgish bicycle racer with 60 professional racing victories over his 12-year career. He rode for the Thomann team in 1923 and then for Alcyon-Dunlop from 1924 to 1931. He won the Tour de France in 1927 and 1928.
The 1926 Tour de France was the 20th edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 20 June to 18 July. It consisted of 17 stages with a total distance of 5745 km, ridden at an average speed of 24.064 km/h.
The 1920 Tour de France was the 14th edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 27 June to 27 July. It consisted of 15 stages over 5,503 kilometres (3,419 mi), ridden at an average speed of 24.072 kilometres per hour (14.958 mph). It was won by Belgian Philippe Thys, making him the first cyclist to win the Tour de France three times. The Belgians dominated this Tour: 12 of the 15 stages were won by Belgians, and the first eight cyclists in the final classification were Belgian.
The 1947 Tour de France was the 34th edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 25 June to 20 July. The total race distance was 21 stages over 4,642 km (2,884 mi). It was the first Tour since 1939, having been cancelled during World War II, although some Tour de France-like races had been held during World War II.
The 1919 Tour de France was the 13th edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 29 June to 27 July over a total distance of 5,560 kilometres (3,450 mi). It was the first Tour de France after World War I, and was won by Firmin Lambot. Following the tenth stage, the yellow jersey, given to the leader of the general classification, was introduced, and first worn by Eugène Christophe.
The 1921 Tour de France was the 15th edition of the Tour de France, taking place 26 June to 24 July. The total distance was 5,485 km (3,408 mi) and the average speed of the riders was 24.720 km/h. The race was won by Belgian Leon Scieur. The Belgians dominated the entire race, partly due to the absence of the French Pélissier brothers, who were on bad terms with the Tour organisation. Scieur's victory was largely uncontested; Hector Heusghem came close after the sixth stage, but lost time later. The organisation tried to get the cyclists to attack more by several means, but this failed.
The 1922 Tour de France was the 16th edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 25 June to 23 July. The 1922 Tour consisted of 15 stages covering a total of 5,375 kilometres (3,340 mi). The race was won by the Belgian Firmin Lambot. It was the second time Lambot had won the overall Tour de France title; he had previously won the 1919 Tour de France.
The 1925 Tour de France was the 19th edition of the Tour de France. It was held from 21 June to 19 July, over 5,440 km (3,380 mi) in 18 stages. Italian Ottavio Bottecchia successfully defended his 1924 victory to win his second consecutive Tour. Only 49 of the 130 participants finished the course.
The 1927 Tour de France was the 21st edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 19 June to 17 July. It consisted of 24 stages over 5,398 km (3,354 mi).
The 1928 Tour de France was the 22nd edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 17 June to 15 July. It consisted of 22 stages over 5,376 km (3,340 mi).
The 1930 Tour de France was the 24th edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 2 to 27 July. It consisted of 21 stages over 4,822 km (2,996 mi).
The 1935 Tour de France was the 29th edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 4 to 28 July. It consisted of 21 stages over 4,338 km (2,696 mi). Although the French team was favourite, Belgian Romain Maes took the lead in the first stage, and never gave it away. Halfway the race, Romain Maes' biggest threat, Antonin Magne, had to abandon after he was hit by a car.
The 1937 Tour de France was the 31st edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 30 June to 25 July. It consisted of 20 stages with a total length of 4,415 km (2,743 mi).
The 1931 Tour de France was the 25th edition of the Tour de France, which took place from 30 June to 26 July. It consisted of 24 stages over 5,091 km (3,163 mi).
The 1932 Tour de France was the 26th edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 6 to 31 July. It consisted of 21 stages over 4,479 km (2,783 mi).
The 1933 Tour de France was the 27th edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 27 June to 23 July. It consisted of 23 stages over 4,395 km (2,731 mi).