1925 New Zealand general election

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Flag of New Zealand.svg
  1922 3 (Māori) & 4 November (general) 1925 1928  

All 80 seats in the House of Representatives
41 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout90.02%
 First partySecond partyThird party
  Joseph Gordon Coates, 1931.jpg Harry Holland (1925).jpg George William Forbes.jpg
Leader Gordon Coates Harry Holland George Forbes
Party Reform Labour Liberal
Leader since30 May 1925 27 August 1919 13 August 1925
Leader's seat Kaipara Buller Hurunui
Last election37 seats, 39.4%17 seats, 23.7%22 seats, 26.3%
Seats won551211
Seat changeIncrease2.svg 18Decrease2.svg 5Decrease2.svg 11
Popular vote324,239187,610143,931
Percentage47.18%27.30%20.94%
SwingIncrease2.svg 8.39%Increase2.svg 3.50%Decrease2.svg 3.81%

Prime Minister before election

Gordon Coates
Reform

Prime Minister-designate

Gordon Coates
Reform

The New Zealand general election of 1925 was held 4 November (the Māori vote had taken place the previous day) to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 22nd session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 678,877 (90.02%) voters turned out to vote. In one seat (Bay of Plenty) there was only one candidate. [1] [2]

Māori people Indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand

The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand. Māori originated with settlers from eastern Polynesia, who arrived in New Zealand in several waves of canoe voyages some time between 1250 and 1300. Over several centuries in isolation, the Polynesian settlers developed a unique culture, with their own language, a rich mythology, and distinctive crafts and performing arts. Early Māori formed tribal groups based on eastern Polynesian social customs and organisation. Horticulture flourished using plants they introduced; later, a prominent warrior culture emerged.

22nd New Zealand Parliament

The 22nd New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. Its composition was determined by the 1925 election, and it sat until the 1928 election.

New Zealand Parliament legislative body of New Zealand

The New Zealand Parliament is the legislature of New Zealand, consisting of the Queen of New Zealand (Queen-in-Parliament) and the New Zealand House of Representatives. The Queen is usually represented by her governor-general. Before 1951, there was an upper chamber, the New Zealand Legislative Council. The New Zealand Parliament was established in 1854 and is one of the oldest continuously functioning legislatures in the world. It has met in Wellington, the capital of New Zealand, since 1865.

Contents

In 1922, registration as an elector was made compulsory for all those eligible (except Māori).

Results

Gordon Coates continued as Prime Minister, with his Reform Party winning an outright majority of 30. Leonard Isitt and George Witty were both appointed to the Legislative Council by Gordon Coates on 28 October 1925; shortly before the election on 4 November. Both were Liberals but their retirement removed "a source of some bitterness from the Party's ranks". [3] Gordon Coates was Reform, and both of their former seats went to Reform candidates.

Gordon Coates New Zealand politician

Joseph Gordon Coates served as the 21st Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1925 to 1928. He was the third successive Reform prime minister since 1912.

Prime Minister of New Zealand head of the New Zealand government

The Prime Minister of New Zealand is the head of government of New Zealand. The incumbent Prime Minister, Jacinda Ardern, leader of the New Zealand Labour Party, took office on 26 October 2017.

The Reform Party, formally the New Zealand Political Reform League, was New Zealand's second major political party, having been founded as a conservative response to the original Liberal Party. It was in government between 1912 and 1928, and later formed a coalition with the United Party, and then merged with United to form the modern National Party.

After the election both Labour and Liberals held 11 seats. A tie at 4,900 votes each in Lyttelton (between the Labour and Reform candidates) was eventually settled in Labour's favour on 13 March 1926. After winning the 15 April 1926 by-election in Eden, Labour became the official opposition. [4]

1926 Eden by-election New Zealand by-election

The 1926 Eden by-election was a by-election for the Eden electorate during the 22nd New Zealand Parliament. The seat became vacant after the appointment of the sitting member, James Parr of the Reform Party as High Commissioner to London. Parr resigned on 26 March. Labour won the by-election and became the official opposition in Parliament.

Eden (New Zealand electorate) Former New Zealand electorate

Eden, a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate, lay in the general area of the suburb of Mount Eden in the city of Auckland.

Party totals

Election results
PartyCandidatesTotal votesPercentageSeats won
Reform 72324,23947.1855
Labour 58187,61027.3012
Liberal 52143,93120.9411
Country Party 52,3980.350
Independent 1029,1074.242
Total202687,28580

[5]

Votes summary

Popular Vote
Reform
47.18%
Labour
27.30%
Liberal
20.94%
Country
0.35%
Independent
4.24%
Parliament seats
Reform
68.75%
Labour
15.00%
Liberal
13.75%
Independent
2.50%

Electorate results

The election results were as follows:

Key

  Reform     Labour     Liberal     Country Party     Independent   

The New Zealand Labour Party, or simply Labour, is a centre-left political party in New Zealand. The party's platform programme describes its founding principle as democratic socialism, while observers describe Labour as social-democratic and pragmatic in practice. It is a participant of the international Progressive Alliance.

The New Zealand Liberal Party was the first organised political party in New Zealand. It governed from 1891 until 1912. The Liberal strategy was to create a large class of small land-owning farmers who supported Liberal ideals, by buying large tracts of Māori land and selling it to small farmers on credit. The Liberal Government also established the basis of the later welfare state, with old age pensions, developed a system for settling industrial disputes, which was accepted by both employers and trade unions. In 1893 it extended voting rights to women, making New Zealand the first country in the world to enact universal female suffrage.

The Country Party of New Zealand was a political party which appealed to rural voters. It was represented in Parliament from 1928 to 1938. Its policies were a mixture of rural advocacy and social credit theory.

Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1925 [6] [7] [8]
ElectorateIncumbentWinnerMajorityRunner up
General electorates
Ashburton William Nosworthy 2,117John Nicholson Harle
Auckland Central Bill Parry 3,500Charles Augustus Wilson
Auckland East John A. Lee 288James Stewart
Auckland West Michael Joseph Savage 476Samuel Oldfield
Avon Dan Sullivan 1,789Walter Edmund Leadley
Awarua Philip De La Perrelle John Hamilton 220 [9] Philip De La Perrelle
Bay of Islands Allen Bell Allen Bell 2,787Hugh James Sweeney
Bay of Plenty Kenneth Williams Uncontested
Buller Harry Holland 1,532C S Bielby
Chalmers James McColl Dickson Michael Connelly
Christchurch East Tim Armstrong D F Dennehy
Christchurch North Leonard Isitt Henry Holland Henry Thacker
Christchurch South Ted Howard Harry Ell
Clutha John Edie Fred Waite John Edie
Dunedin Central Charles Statham John Gilchrist
Dunedin North James Wright Munro Harold Livingstone Tapley James Wright Munro
Dunedin South Thomas Sidey John McManus
Dunedin West William Downie Stewart R Harrison
Eden James Parr Rex Mason
Egmont Oswald Hawken W C G Green
Ellesmere Heaton Rhodes David Jones Jeremiah Connolly
Franklin Ewen McLennan D McClymont
Gisborne Douglas Lysnar David William Coleman
Grey Lynn Fred Bartram Ellen Melville
Hamilton Alexander Young Lee Martin
Hawke's Bay Gilbert McKay Hugh Campbell Gilbert McKay
Hurunui George Forbes 811J G Armstrong
Hutt Thomas Wilford 1,794 Walter Nash
Invercargill Josiah Hanan Joseph Ward 159 James Hargest
Kaiapoi David Buddo 556William Brock [10]
Kaipara Gordon Coates 4,835 Bill Barnard
Lyttelton James McCombs [nb 1] 6 Melville Lyons
Manawatu Joseph Linklater Ben Roberts
Manukau Bill Jordan Jack Massey
Marsden Alfred Murdoch William Jones 651 Alfred Murdoch
Masterton George Sykes J W Andrews
Mataura George Anderson W Hinchey
Motueka Richard Hudson 2,102 Mark Fagan
Napier Lewis McIlvride John Mason 573 Lewis McIlvride
Nelson Harry Atmore A Gilbert
Oamaru John MacPherson Ernest Lee John MacPherson
Ohinemuri Hugh Poland Albert Samuel Hugh Poland
Oroua David Guthrie John Gordon Eliott John Cobbe
Otaki William Hughes Field Bob Semple
Pahiatua Alfred Ransom Archibald McNicol
Palmerston Jimmy Nash 3,240Walter Bromley
Parnell James Samuel Dickson Robert Frederick Way
Patea James Randall Corrigan Harold Dickie James Randall Corrigan
Raglan Richard Bollard 2,856Ernest Piggott [11]
Rangitikei William Glenn Charles Joseph Duggan
Riccarton George Witty Herbert Kyle Winter Cole
Roskill Vivian Potter Alfred Hall-Skelton
Rotorua Frank Hockly 2,776 Cecil Clinkard
Stratford Robert Masters Edward Walter Robert Masters
Taranaki Sydney George Smith Charles Bellringer Sydney George Smith
Tauranga Charles MacMillan Robert Coulter
Temuka Thomas Burnett 535 Charles John Talbot
Thames Thomas William Rhodes W E G Willy
Timaru Frank Rolleston Percy Vinnell
Waikato Frederick Lye Stewart Reid Frederick Lye
Waimarino Frank Langstone Robert William Smith Frank Langstone
Waipawa George Hunter 1,781William Ashton Chambers
Wairarapa Alexander Donald McLeod F T Arkle
Wairau William Girling Richard McCallum
Waitaki John Bitchener G Barclay
Waitemata Alexander Harris 3,577 Arthur Osborne
Waitomo John Rolleston Walter Broadfoot
Wakatipu James Horn James Ritchie [12]
Wallace John Charles Thomson Adam Hamilton J M MacKenzie
Wanganui Bill Veitch 891John Coull [13]
Wellington Central Peter Fraser 2,390Andrew Sloane
Wellington East Alec Monteith Thomas Forsyth 1,195 Alec Monteith
Wellington North John Luke Harry Ernest Combs
Wellington South Robert McKeen Archibald Burnett Sievwright
Wellington Suburbs Robert Wright Charles Chapman
Westland James O'Brien Tom Seddon James O'Brien
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Āpirana Ngata Hone Mokena
Northern Maori Taurekareka Henare Hone Wi Kaitaia
Southern Maori Henare Uru Tuiti MacDonald
Western Maori Māui Pōmare Rangi Mawhete

Table footnotes:

  1. Melville Lyons was elected for the Reform Party, originally the votes were equal (4900), then a recount found for Lyons. But on appeal his election was declared void on 13 March 1926, and the previous holder, James McCombs, was restored as the electorate representative.

Notes

  1. Bassett 1982, p. 67.
  2. Wilson 1985, p. 286.
  3. Bassett 1982, p. 35.
  4. Bassett 1982, p. 36-37.
  5. NZ Electoral Commission http://www.elections.org.nz/events/past-events/general-elections-1890-1993
  6. The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1926. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  7. Skinner 1926, pp. 1–6.
  8. "Candidates in the Contest". The Evening Post . CX (109). 4 November 1925. p. 9. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  9. "Awarua". The Evening Post . 116 (116). 12 November 1925. Retrieved 8 November 2014.
  10. "Election Notices". The Press . LXI (18524). 28 October 1925. p. 17. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  11. "Labour in Raglan". The New Zealand Herald . LXII (19149). 15 October 1925. p. 14. Retrieved 20 December 2014.
  12. "General Election". The Evening Post . CX (30). 4 August 1925. p. 6. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  13. "Local and General News". The New Zealand Herald . LXII (19163). 31 October 1925. p. 12. Retrieved 28 November 2014.

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References

Michael Bassett New Zealand politician

Michael Edward Rainton Bassett is a former Labour Party member of the New Zealand House of Representatives and cabinet minister in the reformist fourth Labour government. He is also a noted New Zealand historian, and has published a number of books on New Zealand politics, including biographies of Prime Ministers Peter Fraser, Gordon Coates and Joseph Ward.

International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.