1927 college football season

Last updated

The 1927 college football season ended with the Illini of the University of Illinois (7–0–1) being recognized as champion under the Dickinson System. At season's end, the Rissler Cup was awarded to the team that finished first in the "Dickinson ratings", which considered strength of schedule, in that a win, loss or tie against a "strong" opponent was worth more than one against a lesser team, and the results were averaged.

Contents

Until the final week, when the team was upset by Georgia Tech, Georgia's "Dream and Wonder team" was ranked No. 1.[ citation needed ][ by whom? ] Georgia had upset Eastern power Yale 1410. Though most selectors have either Illinois or Georgia as the 1927 national champion, Dana X. Bible's Texas Aggies were retroactively named as the national champion by one selector, Jeff Sagarin. [1]

In the Rose Bowl, the Pittsburgh Panthers (8–0–1) were invited to play against the Pacific Coast Conference champion. Though USC and Stanford had identical records in conference play, Stanford was given a chance to "avenge" its 7–7 tie against Alabama in the previous years Rose Bowl. Stanford won 76. Although an Illinois vs. USC matchup would have been equally plausible for the 1928 Rose Bowl, their Pasadena meeting would have to wait 80 yearsuntil 2008.

Rule changes

The major rules change in 1927 was the moving of the goal posts from the goal line, to the end of the end zone, where they have been ever since. The move was for both safety reasons and to de-emphasize the kicking game [2]

Conference and program changes

Conference changes

Program changes

September

September 17 Washington defeated Willamette 32–6. September 24 USC beat Occidental 33–0; Army beat Boston University, 13–0; Pittsburgh beat Thiel College 42–0. Texas A&M shut out Trinity 45–0.

October

October 1 USC beat Santa Clara 52–12. Notre Dame beat Iowa's Coe College 28–7; Army beat Detroit Mercy 6–0. Yale beat Bowdoin 41–0;

The Western Conference (later the Big Ten) teams opened their seasons. Minnesota beat North Dakota, 57–10, Michigan beat Ohio Wesleyan, 33–0, and Illinois beat Bradley, 19–0. Pittsburgh beat Grove City College, 33–0; Nebraska beat Iowa State, 6–0; Georgia beat Virginia, 32–0; and Texas A&M beat Southwest Texas 31–0.

October 8 USC edged Oregon State 13–12; Detroit Mercy, fresh from its 6–0 loss at West Point, played at Notre Dame and lost 20–0; Army beat Marquette 21–12; In a battle of Bulldogs, Georgia beat Yale 14–10 in New Haven. Pittsburgh won another shutout, over West Virginia, 49–0;

Minnesota beat Oklahoma State, 40–0, Michigan beat Michigan State, 21–0, and Illinois beat Butler 58–0. At Columbia, Missouri, Missouri beat Nebraska, 7–6, and Texas A&M recorded its third shutout, an 18–0 win over Sewanee.

October 15 USC played at Stanford University in Palo Alto, to a 13–13 tie. Notre Dame and Navy played at Baltimore, with the Irish winning 19–6. Army beat Davis & Elkins College, 27–6 Yale beat Brown 19–0; In Western Conference play, Minnesota and Indiana played to a 14–14 tie Michigan won at Wisconsin, 14–0, Illinois and Iowa State played to a 12–12 tie, Pittsburgh beat Drake 32–0; Nebraska beat Grinnell College 58–0 Furman v. Georgia took place in Athens, Ga., as the University of Georgia hosted the Paladins of Furman University and won, 32–0. Texas A&M surrendered its first points in a 40–6 win over Arkansas.

October 22 USC beat Caltech 51–0 ; Notre Dame beat Indiana 19–6 (4–0) Army and (2–1) Yale met at New Haven, with Yale winning 10–6 Minnesota beat Iowa, 38–0 Michigan beat Ohio State, 21–0, Brown was upset by Lebanon Valley, 13–12 Illinois edged Northwestern, 7–6 Pittsburgh beat crosstown team Carnegie Tech, but not in a shutout (23–7). Nebraska was idle; Georgia beat Auburn, 33–3 Texas A&M played at Texas Christian, and was tied, 0–0.

October 29 Michigan (4–0–0) and Illinois (3–0–1) faced off at Champaign, Ill. The Illini won 14–0.

USC beat California, 13–0 Notre Dame beat Georgia Tech, 26–7 Army beat Bucknell 34–0; Yale beat Dartmouth, 19–0; Minnesota beat Wisconsin, 13–7; Pittsburgh beat Allegheny 62–0; Nebraska beat visiting Syracuse, 21–0; Georgia beat Tulane, 31–0 Texas A&M had beaten Texas Tech, 47–6, in a Friday game.

November

November 5 USC was idle, while (5–1–1) Stanford and (7–0–0) Washington met in Seattle for a conference game, with Stanford winning 13–7.

In a meeting of unbeatens, (5–0–0) Notre Dame hosted (4–0–1) Minnesota. The teams played to a 7–7 tie.

Army beat Franklin & Marshall, 45–0; Yale beat Maryland 30–6 Michigan won at Chicago, 14–0 and Illinois beat Iowa 14–0 Pittsburgh and Washington & Jefferson, both (6–0–0), played to a 0–0 tie Nebraska beat Kansas, 47–13; Georgia defeated Florida at Jacksonville, 28–0; Texas A&M beat SMU, 39–13

On Armistice Day, November 11, Texas A&M defeated Rice University in Houston, 14–0.

November 12 USC beat Colorado 46–7; (6–1–0) Army faced off against (5–0–1) Notre Dame at Yankee Stadium. The Cadets handed Rockne's team its first defeat, 18–0

Yale beat Princeton 14–6; Minnesota beat Drake 27–6; Michigan beat Navy 27–12; Illinois beat Chicago 15–6; Georgia beat Clemson, 32–0 (6–0–1) Pittsburgh and (4–1–0) Nebraska faced off in Pittsburgh, with the Panthers winning 21–13

November 19 USC defeated Washington State, 27–0, while Stanford beat visiting California, 13–6 to close their season at 8–2–1. Though USC, at 8–1–1, had the better overall record, Stanford's two losses at been outside the conference, to St. Mary's and to Santa Clara, and they had tied USC. In PCC play, Stanford and USC both finished 4–0–1, and either could have been invited to play in the 1928 Rose Bowl. The Rose Bowl committee went with Stanford, which had been tied by Alabama in the 1927 New Year's Day game.

Notre Dame beat Drake University in Des Moines, 32–0. Drake, which played against Navy, Pitt, Minnesota, Notre Dame and UCLA, would finish at 3–6–0 Army beat Ursinus College 13–0; Yale closed its season hosting Harvard, and won 14–0; Illinois defeated Ohio State, 13–0 At Ann Arbor, (5–0–2) Minnesota visited (6–1–0) Michigan. The Gophers beat the Wolverines 13–7 to close their seasons. Nebraska won at Kansas State, 33–0 Georgia beat Mercer, 26–7

November 24 On Thanksgiving Day, Pittsburgh beat Penn State, 30–0. Pitt, with a record of 8–0–1, had outscored its opponents 283 to 20, with seven shutouts, and was selected to meet Stanford in the Rose Bowl.

Nebraska beat visiting New York University, 27–18; Texas A&M closed its season with a 28–7 win over Texas.

November 26 Notre Dame (6–1–1) and USC (7–0–1) played before an estimated record crowd of 123,000 [3] (Reported as 117,000 in the Chicago Tribune) [4] at Soldier Field in Chicago, with Notre Dame winning 7–6 (on the strength of a blocked extra point attempt) to hand the Trojans their first loss. [5]

In the Army–Navy Game, played before a crowd of 70,000 at the Polo Grounds in New York, Army came back from 9–0 at halftime to win 14–9. [6] In Birmingham, Georgia beat Alabama, 20–6.

In the Army–Navy Game, played before a crowd of 70,000 at the Polo Grounds in New York, Army came back from 9–0 at halftime to win 14–9. [7] In Birmingham, Georgia beat Alabama, 20–6.

(9–0–0) Georgia faced off against (7–1–1) Georgia Tech in Atlanta to close the season. The Yellow Jackets undid the Bulldogs' hopes for a perfect season, winning 12–0

Rose Bowl

As the only post-season college football game, the Rose Bowl sought an East-West matchup between the best available eastern team and the PCC champion. In 1927, the Pitt Panthers had finished the season at 8–0–1, with seven shutouts against various levels of opposition, while Stanford had won the Pacific Coast Conference going 8–2–1. Since January 1, 1928, fell on a Sunday, the game was played on Monday, January 2. Stanford Punter Frankie Wilton had been the "goat" of the 1927 Rose Bowl, after an Alabama defender broke through the line, blocked his kick, and set up the Tide's tying touchdown. Wilton lost the ball after being hit on his own 20 yard line, and Pitt's Jimmy Hagan ran the fumble in for a touchdown. Walter Heinecke of Stanford blocked the point attempt, holding Pitt's lead to 6–0. Wilton's chance at redemption came later, when his teammate Spud Lewis fumbled a yard from goal. Wilton scooped up the ball and crashed through for the tying touchdown. The Stanford kick was good, and the Indians held on for a 7–6 win. [8]

National championship

Starting with the 2012 football season, Texas A&M began claiming the 1927 national championship. [9] Georgia's "Dream and Wonder team" was also chosen a national champion. They defeated Yale, another choice for national champion.

Conference standings

Major conference standings

1927 Big Ten Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
No. 1 Illinois +500  701
No. 3 Minnesota +301  602
No. 7 Michigan 320  620
Chicago 330  440
Purdue 220  620
Northwestern 230  440
Ohio State 230  440
Indiana 121  341
Iowa 140  440
Wisconsin 140  440
  • + Conference co-champions
Rankings from Dickinson System
1927 Missouri Valley football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Missouri $510  720
Nebraska 410  620
Oklahoma A&M 210  440
Iowa State 320  431
Washington University 221  522
Kansas 331  341
Oklahoma 230  332
Kansas State 240  350
Drake 120  360
Grinnell 050  071
  • $ Conference champion
1927 Pacific Coast Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Stanford ^ +401  821
USC +401  811
Idaho +202  413
Washington 420  920
Oregon State 230  331
California 230  730
Washington State 131  332
Oregon 041  241
Montana 040  341
  • + Conference co-champions
  • ^ – Selected as Rose Bowl representative
1927 Rocky Mountain Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Colorado Agricultural $710  710
Denver 510  520
Montana State 310  440
Utah 311  331
Colorado College 520  620
Colorado 440  450
Utah Agricultural 331  341
BYU 240  241
Wyoming 140  450
Colorado Mines 250  250
Colorado Teachers 160  270
Western State (CO) 150  160
  • $ Conference champion
1927 Southern Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Georgia Tech +701  811
Tennessee +501  801
NC State +400  910
Vanderbilt 502  812
Georgia 610  910
Florida 520  730
Ole Miss 320  531
Virginia 440  540
Clemson 220  531
Alabama 341  541
LSU 231  441
Mississippi A&M 230  530
Washington and Lee 230  441
VPI 230  540
Maryland 230  470
South Carolina 240  450
VMI 240  640
Tulane 251  251
North Carolina 250  460
Sewanee 140  260
Kentucky 150  361
Auburn 061  072
  • + Conference co-champions
1927 Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Mississippi College +700  800
Chattanooga +500  810
Centenary +400  1000
Furman +300  1010
Georgetown (KY) 100  101
Stetson 401  601
Loyola (LA) 101  622
Western Kentucky 220  540
Presbyterian 221  333
Louisville 220  450
Louisiana College 110  110
The Citadel 231  361
Howard (AL) 121  722
Florida Southern 241  251
Birmingham–Southern 240  360
Millsaps 120  120
Louisiana Tech 130  350
SW Louisiana 140  271
Wofford 010  010
Mercer 010  130
Centre 010  030
Erskine 010  030
Rollins 020  020
Union (TN) 020  020
Transylvania 030  030
Newberry 060  081
Kentucky Wesleyan 000  000
  • + Conference co-champions
1927 Southwest Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Texas A&M $401  801
SMU 410  720
Arkansas 210  810
Texas 221  621
TCU 122  432
Rice 130  261
Baylor 050  270
  • $ Conference champion

Independents

1927 Eastern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Tufts     800
Army     910
Pittsburgh     811
Temple     710
Yale     710
NYU     712
Princeton     610
Villanova     610
Penn State     621
Carnegie Tech     521
Columbia     522
Bucknell     631
Colgate     423
Lafayette     531
Penn     640
Syracuse     532
Carnegie Tech     541
Boston College     440
Harvard     440
Rutgers     440
Cornell     332
Drexel     351
Fordham     350
Brown     361
Vermont     260
Franklin & Marshall     171
Lehigh     171
1927 Midwestern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Notre Dame     721
Detroit     720
Ball Teachers     521
Marquette     630
Haskell     531
Butler     431
John Carroll     323
Saint Louis     550
Lombard     440
Loyola (IL)     440
Michigan State     450
Northern Illinois State     141
Kent State     151
Valparaiso     150
1927 Southern college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Georgetown     810
Spring Hill     610
George Washington     720
Texas A&I     410
Middle Tennessee     620
Loyola (LA)     622
Navy     630
Catholic University     530
Texas Tech     540
Davidson     441
Delaware State     110
Howard     332
Texas Mines     222
Mississippi Teachers     341
Duke     450
Miami (FL)     361
West Virginia     243
Delaware     251
East Tennessee Teachers     250
Oglethorpe     260
Wake Forest     262
1927 Western college football independents records
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
New Mexico     801
Hawaii     520
Arizona     421
Gonzaga     531
Santa Clara     542
Tempe State     231
New Mexico A&M     351
Humboldt State     120

Minor conferences

ConferenceChampion(s)Record
Central Intercollegiate Athletics Association North Carolina A&T 6–0–1
Far Western Conference Saint Mary's (CA) 3–0
Iowa Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Iowa State Teachers 6–0
Kansas Collegiate Athletic Conference Baker (KS)
College of Emporia
Kansas State Normal
Kansas Wesleyan
6–0–1
Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association Alma 5–0
Midwest Collegiate Athletic Conference Cornell College 6–0
Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Gustavus Adolphus 5–0
Missouri Intercollegiate Athletic Association Northeast Missouri State Teachers 4–0
Nebraska College Athletic Conference Nebraska State Teachers–Peru 6–0
North Central Intercollegiate Conference Creighton
South Dakota
2–0
4–0
Ohio Athletic Conference Miami (OH)
Muskingum
7–1
Oklahoma Intercollegiate Conference Oklahoma Baptist
Oklahoma City
5–1
5–1–1
Pacific Northwest Conference College of Idaho 5–0
Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Pomona 6–0–1
South Dakota Intercollegiate Conference Columbus College5–0
Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference Tuskegee 7–0–1
Southwestern Athletic Conference Wiley (TX) 4–0–1
Texas Collegiate Athletic Conference Southwestern 2–1–1
Texas Intercollegiate Athletic Association McMurry (TX) 3–0–2
Tri-Normal League State Normal–Ellensburg 2–0
Wisconsin State Teachers College Conference La Crosse State Teachers 4–0–1

Minor conference standings

1927 Buckeye Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Wittenberg $400  820
Miami (OH) 310  810
Ohio 112  422
Ohio Wesleyan 121  432
Denison 130  350
Cincinnati 031  252
  • $ Conference champion
1927 California Coast Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Sacramento JC $600     
Chico State 510  620
Modesto JC 420  530
San Jose State 330  450
Santa Barbara State 210  350
Cal Poly 130  241
Marin JC         
San Mateo JC         
Santa Rosa JC         
  • $ Conference champion
1927 Colored Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
North Carolina A&T $600  700
Hampton 511  511
Virginia Union 520  520
Virginia Seminary 321  341
Virginia Normal 240  540
Lincoln (PA) 140  160
Saint Paul's (VA) 150  450
Shaw 050  071
  • $ Conference champion
1927 Far Western Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Saint Mary's (CA) $300  721
Cal Aggies 210  431
Fresno State 211  332
St. Ignatius 221  351
Nevada 130  261
Pacific (CA) 140  260
  • $ Conference champion
1927 Illinois Intercollegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Bradley $610  630
Illinois Wesleyan 621  621
Eastern Illinois 310  520
Monmouth (IL) 310  440
Millikin 311  331
St. Viator 310  621
North Central 211  531
Southern Illinois 210  352
McKendree 321  622
Knox (IL) 320  440
Western Illinois 531  631
Lake Forest 001  323
Illinois State 440  440
Illinois College 341  351
Mount Morris 230  530
Carthage 122  232
Shurtleff 122  431
Lincoln (IL) 260  360
Augustana (IL) 150  250
Wheaton (IL) 020  241
Eureka 090  090
  • $ Conference champion
1927 Kansas Collegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Baker +601  701
College of Emporia +601  701
Emporia Teachers +601  701
Kansas Wesleyan +601  701
Pittsburg Teachers 520  620
Southwestern (KS) 520  620
Bethany (KS) 321  421
St. Mary's (KS) 430  430
Sterling 440  440
Wichita 240  340
Hays Teachers 241  351
Ottawa 151  161
Friends 160  260
McPherson 160  170
Washburn 160  170
St. Benedict's 031  251
Bethel (KS) 060  260
  • + Conference co-champions
1927 Michigan Collegiate Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Michigan State Normal $300  800
Central Michigan 210  710
Western State (MI) 120  340
Detroit City College 030  260
  • $ Conference champion
1927 Michigan Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Alma $500  711
Albion 410  530
Hillsdale 230  351
Kalamazoo 230  350
Hope 140  160
Olivet 140  170
  • $ Conference champion
1927 Minnesota Intercollegiate Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Gustavus Adolphus $500  710
Augsburg 320  420
Macalester 320  340
Concordia (MN) 220  420
Hamline 121  241
St. Olaf 130  250
Saint John's (MN) 041  241
  • $ Conference champion
1927 Missouri College Athletic Union football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Missouri Valley $600  700
Missouri Wesleyan 500  700
Central Methodist 410  620
Westminster (MO) 210  241
William Jewell 330  440
Culver–Stockton 240  350
Missouri Mines 120  251
Central Wesleyan 150  260
Tarkio 040  451
Drury 040  050
  • $ Conference champion
1927 Missouri Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Kirksville State $400  810
Central Missouri State 310  530
SW Missouri State 220  430
SE Missouri State 130  152
NW Missouri State 040  170
  • $ Conference champion
1927 Nebraska College Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Peru Normal $600  800
Doane 501  611
York (NE) 303  323
Chadron Normal 410  720
Kearney Normal 312  422
Nebraska Central 420   ? ? ?
Midland 332  343
Cotner 240   ? ? ?
Hastings 240  450
Grand Island 132  152
Wayne Normal 131  161
Omaha 150  360
Nebraska Wesleyan 041  081
Dana 050  070
  • $ Conference champion
1927 New England Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Maine $300  610
Rhode Island State 210  530
Connecticut 120  540
New Hampshire 030  071
Massachusetts 000  071
  • $ Conference champion
1927 Northwest Ohio League football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Toledo $300  520
Bowling Green 210  511
Bluffton 220  420
Defiance 220  530
Findlay 040  090
  • $ Conference champion
1927 Ohio Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Miami (OH) +710  810
Muskingum +710  810
Oberlin 611  611
Mount Union 611  621
Wittenberg 410  820
Wooster 520  620
Dayton 210  630
Ohio 312  422
Heidelberg 420  430
Akron 430  530
Ohio Wesleyan 221  432
Denison 340  350
Marietta 231  231
Otterbein 240  241
Ohio Northern 250  360
Western Reserve 250  260
Capital 130  340
Baldwin–Wallace 260  260
Case 260  260
Cincinnati 042  252
Kenyon 150  161
Hiram 070  070
St. Xavier *100  811
  • + Conference co-champions
  • * – did not compete for championship
1927 Oklahoma Intercollegiate Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Oklahoma City +512  812
Oklahoma Baptist +511  612
Tulsa 310  810
Central State (OK) 313  314
Phillips 521  521
Northeastern State 231  341
Northwestern Oklahoma State 131  431
Southeastern Oklahoma State 141  253
Southwestern State 151  162
East Central 061  161
  • + Conference co-champions
1927 Smoky Mountain Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Emory and Henry 300  900
Milligan 300  620
Maryville 300  621
King 131  161
Carson–Newman 140  280
Tusculum 041  052
  • No championship was awarded
1927 South Dakota Intercollegiate Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
South Dakota Mines +600  710
Columbus (SD) +500  700
Dakota Wesleyan 510  510
Southern Normal 421  422
Yankton 221  331
Huron 230  350
Augustana (SD) 230  240
Sioux Falls 140  340
Spearfish 141  161
Northern Normal 042  072
Eastern Normal 051  061
  • + Conference co-champions
1927 Southern California Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Pomona $601  601
UCLA 401  621
Whittier 421  621
Occidental 230  351
Caltech 231  251
San Diego State 230  430
Redlands 160  160
La Verne 040  340
  • $ Conference champion
1927 Southwestern Athletic Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Wiley $401  511
Prairie View State 311  421
Paul Quinn 320   ? ? ?
Samuel Huston 230   ? ? ?
Texas College 131   ? ? ?
Bishop 041   ? ? ?
  • $ Conference champion
1927 Texas Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Southwestern (TX) $211  421
Simmons (TX) 212  532
Howard Payne 320  630
St. Edward's 111  333
Trinity (TX) 121  351
Austin 021  151
  • $ Conference champion
1927 Texas Intercollegiate Athletic Association football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
McMurry $302  412
Abilene Christian 410  611
Southwest Texas State 311  441
Sam Houston State 311  441
West Texas State 220  631
Daniel Baker 221  451
Stephen F. Austin 132  163
North Texas State Teachers 032  162
East Texas State 051  062
  • $ Conference champion
1927 Tri-State Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
Geneva $400  801
Duquesne 221  441
Westminster (PA) 111  232
Bethany (WV) 111  161
Waynesburg 122  153
Thiel 031  171
  • $ Conference champion
1927 Virginia Conference football standings
Conf  Overall
TeamW L T  W L T
William & Mary $201  451
Emory and Henry 100  900
Richmond 311  441
Roanoke 210  530
Randolph–Macon 120  230
Hampden–Sydney 130  450
Lynchburg 140  171
  • $ Conference champion

Dickinson System

The AP sportswriters' poll would not begin continuously until 1936. [10] (although, the first time was a one instance publishing in 1934 [11] ) Frank G. Dickinson, an economics professor at the University of Illinois, had invented the Dickinson System to rank colleges based upon their records and the strength of their opposition. The system was originally designed to rank teams in the Big Nine (later the Big Ten) conference. Chicago clothing manufacturer Jack Rissman then persuaded Dickinson to rank the nation's teams under the system, and awarded the Rissman Trophy to the winning university. [12]

Although Dickinson retroactively applied the system to the 1924 and 1925 seasons, the year 1926 was the first in which the trophy was awarded at season's end. The system awarded 30 points for a win over a "strong team", and 20 for a win over a "weak team". Losses were awarded points (15 for loss to a strong team, 10 for loss to a weak team). Ties were treated as half a win and half a loss (22.5 for a tie with a strong team, 15 for a tie with a weak team). An average was then derived by dividing the points by games played. [13]

Final Dickinson rankings

RankTeamRecordRating
1 Illinois 7–0–121.50
2 Pittsburgh 8–0–121.42
3 Minnesota 6–0–220.88
4 Notre Dame 7–1–120.83
5 Yale 7–120.00
6 Army 9–118.75
7 Michigan 6–218.33
8 Georgia 9–117.50
9 Nebraska 6–217.42
10 USC 8–1–116.35
11 Texas A&M 8–0–115.00

[14]

Awards and honors

All-Americans

The consensus All-America team included:

PositionNameHeightWeight (lbs.)ClassHometownTeam
QB Morley Drury 6'0"185Sr. Long Beach, California USC
HB Gibby Welch 5'11"170Sr. Parkersburg, West Virginia Pittsburgh
HB Chris Cagle 5'9"167So. De Ridder, Louisiana Army
FB Herb Joesting 6'1"192Sr. Owatonna, Minnesota Minnesota
E Bennie Oosterbaan 6'0"180Sr. Muskegon, Michigan Michigan
T Jesse Hibbs 6'0"195Jr. Normal, Illinois USC
G Bill Webster 6'0"200Sr. Lakeville, Connecticut Yale
C Larry Bettencourt 5'11"195Sr. Newark, California Saint Mary's
C John Charlesworth 5'11"198Sr. Clarksburg, Massachusetts Yale
G John "Clipper" Smith 5'9"164Sr. Hartford, Connecticut Notre Dame
T Ed Hake 6'0"190Sr. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Penn
E Tom Nash 6'3"200Sr. Washington, Georgia Georgia

Statistical leaders

Related Research Articles

The 1926 college football season was the first in which an attempt was made to recognize a national champion after the season.

The 1928 football season have both the USC Trojans and the Georgia Tech Golden Tornado claim national championships. USC was recognized as champions under the Dickinson System, but the Rose Bowl was contested between the No. 2 and No. 3 teams, California and Georgia Tech. The game was decided by a safety scored after Roy "Wrong Way" Riegels ran 65 yards in the wrong direction. Vance Maree blocked the ensuing punt which gave Georgia Tech a safety deciding the 8–7 win.

The 1929 college football season saw a number of unbeaten and untied teams. Purdue, Tulane, Notre Dame and Pittsburgh all finished the regular season with wins over all their opponents. Notre Dame was recognized as national champion under the Dickinson System and by a United Press writer while Pitt was considered a national champion by several others due to Pitt possessing a greater scoring differential over the two teams' only common regular season opponent. Following the season, Pitt traveled to Pasadena to meet USC in the Rose Bowl, at that time the only postseason college football game and held between the perceived best teams of east and west. Despite Pitt's losing 47–14 to the Trojans, as bowls were still considered exhibitions by many, college football historian Parke H. Davis, whose national championship selections are recognized by the official NCAA records book, named the Panthers as that season's national champion while several other retroactive selectors recognized by the NCAA records book have selected Notre Dame. Both Notre Dame and Pitt claim a national championship for the 1929 season and both are recognized in the NCAA Records Book and by College Football Data Warehouse.

The 1930 college football season saw Notre Dame repeat as national champion under the Dickinson System, and a post-season Rose Bowl matchup between two unbeaten (9–0) teams, Washington State and Alabama, ranked No. 2 and No. 3, respectively. Alabama won the Pasadena contest, 24–0.

The 1931 college football season saw the USC Trojans win the Knute Rockne Memorial Trophy as national champion under the Dickinson System. Rockne, who had coached Notre Dame to a championship in 1930, had been killed in a plane crash on March 31, 1931. For the first time, the champion under the Dickinson system also played in a postseason game. The Rose Bowl, promoted as an unofficial championship matchup between the best teams of East and West, matched USC and Tulane, No. 1 and No. 2 in the Dickinson ratings. USC won, 21–12. Also for 1931, historian Parke Davis, through research, selected Pittsburgh and Purdue as National Champions and these selections, along with USC, are all recognized by the official NCAA records book. Both USC and Pitt claim national championships for 1931, and both are recognized by College Football Data Warehouse.

1932 college football season

The 1932 college football season saw the Michigan Wolverines win the Knute Rockne Memorial Trophy as national champion under the Dickinson System. Because the "Big Nine" conference didn't permit its teams to play in the postseason, however, the Wolverines were not able to accept a bid to the Rose Bowl. As such, the Pasadena game matched the No. 2 and No. 3 teams, USC and Pittsburgh, with the USC Trojans winning the East-West matchup 35–0.

The 1933 college football season saw the Michigan Wolverines repeat as winners of the Knute Rockne Memorial Trophy as national champion under the Dickinson System.

The 1934 college football season was the 66th season of college football in the United States. Two New Year's Day bowl games were initiated to rival the Rose Bowl Game. On February 15, Warren V. Miller and Joseph M. Cousins organized the New Orleans Mid-Winter Sports Association and by October, the group had enough funds to sponsor the Sugar Bowl. Meanwhile, W. Keith Phillips and the Greater Miami Athletic Club worked in November at a January 1 game for Florida, and the Orange Bowl was created.

The 1935 college football season was the last one before the Associated Press writers' poll was used in selecting the national champion. The Williamson System, calculated by Paul O. Williamson out of New Orleans, deemed Texas Christian University (TCU) as the best in the nation. The Dickinson System, consisting of the calculations of University of Illinois Professor Frank Dickinson, crowned Southern Methodist University (SMU) as the best in the nation. A poll of newspaper writers, taken at year's end—by United Press rather than the AP—concluded that Minnesota was the best in the nation.

1925 college football season

The 1925 college football season ended with no clear national champion. At the close of the season, noted sports writer Billy Evans described the championship contest as "a dead heat" among Dartmouth, Tulane, Michigan, Washington, and Alabama.

1924 college football season

The 1924 college football season was the year of the Four Horsemen as the Notre Dame team, coached by Knute Rockne, won all of its games, including the Rose Bowl, to be acclaimed as the best team in the nation. Notre Dame and Stanford were both unbeaten at season's end, with the Fighting Irish winning the Rose Bowl contest 27–10. The Penn Quakers were retroactively awarded a national championship by Parke H. Davis.

1923 college football season

The 1923 college football season saw several teams finish their seasons unbeaten and untied. As such, numerous schools claim a national championship for the 1923 season. Illinois and Michigan, both members of what is now the Big Ten Conference, finished with records of 8–0 and were selected as national champion by multiple selectors. Illinois featured break-out star Red Grange. Ivy League teams Yale and Cornell also had undefeated seasons.

The 1949 college football season finished with four teams that were unbeaten and untied-- Notre Dame, Oklahoma, California, and Army had won all their games at season's end. Notre Dame, however, was the overwhelming choice for national champion in the AP Poll, with 172 of 208 first place votes. The Fighting Irish did not participate in the New Year's Day bowl games, which were played on January 2, 1950.

The 1948 college football season finished with two unbeaten and untied teams; Michigan and Clemson. Michigan was the first place choice for the majority voters in the AP Poll, but didn't play in the postseason because of a no-repeat rule for Big Nine schools. Notre Dame, second in the AP Poll, tied USC 14–14 at the end of the regular season, but did not participate in any bowl per university policy at the time. Northwestern beat California 20–14 in the Rose Bowl, and Clemson defeated Missouri by a point in the Gator Bowl.

The 1947 college football season finished with Notre Dame, Michigan and Penn State all unbeaten and untied, but the Fighting Irish of Notre Dame were the first place choice for 107 of the 142 voters in the AP Poll, and repeated as national champions. Michigan went on to meet USC in the Rose Bowl and won 49–0, while Penn State was tied 13–13 by SMU in the Cotton Bowl Classic, and Notre Dame didn't participate in the postseason. An unofficial post bowl AP poll was conducted with Michigan and Notre Dame as the only options and Michigan won by a vote of 226 to 119.

The 1946 college football season finished with the Notre Dame Fighting Irish crowned as the national champion in the AP Poll, the Georgia Bulldogs recognized as national champion by the Williamson poll and United States Military Academy named as national champion in various other polls and rankings. The Delaware Fightin' Blue Hens were recognized by the AP as the small college national champion. Notre Dame and Army both won all of their games, with the exception of their November 9 meeting at New York's Yankee Stadium, where they had played to a 0–0 tie in a No. 1 vs No. 2 matchup regarded as a "Game of the Century". Neither team played in bowl game that season.

The 1938 college football season ended with the Horned Frogs of Texas Christian University (TCU) being named the nation's No. 1 team by 55 of the 77 voters in the final Associated Press writers' poll in early December. Tennessee is also recognized as a national champion; both teams won every game.

The 1939 college football season concluded with the Aggies of The Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas being named as the national champions by the voters in the Associated Press writers' poll.

The 1940 college football season ended with the Gophers of the University of Minnesota being named the nation's No. 1 team and national champion by the AP Poll, and the Stanford University Indians in second, with the two teams receiving 65 and 44 first place votes respectively. Each writer listed his choice for the top ten teams, and points were tallied based on 10 for first place, 9 for second, etc., and the AP then ranked the twenty teams with the highest number of points. Minnesota, Stanford, Boston College, and Tennessee all claim 1940 as a national championship season.

The 1941 college football regular season was the 73rd season of intercollegiate football in the United States. Competition included schools from the Big Ten Conference, the Pacific Coast Conference (PCC), the Southeastern Conference (SEC), the Big Six Conference, the Southern Conference, the Southwestern Conference, and numerous smaller conferences and independent programs.

References

  1. National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) (2015). "National Poll Rankings" (PDF). NCAA Division I Football Records. NCAA. p. 108. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
  2. Alison Danzig, The History of American Football, (Prentice-Hall Inc., 1956) p. 71
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-17. Retrieved 2011-06-07.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) "Stadium History" Soldier Field.com]
  4. "Sports Highlights of 1927," "Chicago Tribune", Jan. 1, 1927, p.9
  5. "Notre Dame Scores 7–6 Victory Over Southern California," Syracuse Herald, Nov. 27, 1927, pXX-1
  6. "Army Comes From Behind in Last Half to Defeat Navy, 14 to 9," Syracuse Herald, Nov. 27, 1927, pXX-1
  7. "Army Comes From Behind in Last Half to Defeat Navy, 14 to 9," Syracuse Herald, Nov. 27, 1927, pXX-1
  8. "Lucky Fumble Gives Cards Win," Oakland Tribune, January 3, 1928, p25
  9. "Texas A&M Football History". Texas AM University Department of Intercollegiate Athletics. Archived from the original on July 17, 2012. Retrieved August 28, 2012.
  10. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-04-17. Retrieved 2009-01-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-13. Retrieved 2009-12-29.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. Herschel Nissenson Tales From College Football's Sidelines (Sports Publishing LLC, 2001), p93.
  13. "The Dickinson system awards 30 points for a victory over a strong team, and 20 for victory over a weak team. Defeats count half as much as victories, and ties are consideredas games half won and half lost. Dividing this total by the number of games played gives the final rating, "ILLINOIS BEST FOOTBALL TEAM OF YEAR," The Syracuse Herald, Dec. 4, 1927, p23
  14. "Illinois Best Football Team Of Year," The Syracuse Herald, December 4, 1927, p23