Route of the 1929 Tour de France followed counterclockwise, starting in Paris
|Dates||30 June – 28 July|
|Distance||5,286 km (3,285 mi)|
|Winning time||186h 39' 16"|
The 1929 Tour de France was the 23rd edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 30 June to 28 July. It consisted of 22 stages over 5,286 km (3,285 mi).
The Tour de France is an annual men's multiple stage bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally passing through nearby countries. Like the other Grand Tours, it consists of 21 day-long stages over the course of 23 days. It has been described as "the world’s most prestigious and most difficult bicycle race".
Nicolas Frantz had won two consecutive Tours, in 1927 and 1928, and was looking for a third. In addition the 1926 Tour winner, Lucien Buysse, was looking for another title.
Nicolas Frantz was a Luxembourgish bicycle racer with 60 professional racing victories over his 12-year career. He rode for the Thomann team in 1923 and then for Alcyon-Dunlop from 1924 to 1931. He won the Tour de France in 1927 and 1928.
The 1927 Tour de France was the 21st edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 19 June to 17 July. It consisted of 24 stages over 5,398 km (3,354 mi).
The 1928 Tour de France was the 22nd edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 17 June to 15 July. It consisted of 22 stages over 5,376 km (3,340 mi).
Victor Fontan, leader of the general classification and therefore wearer of the yellow jersey, crashed in the Pyrenees during stage 10, breaking the forks to his bicycle. At that time, a rule stated that a rider must finish a stage with the bike he started it with. Fontan went house to house, looking for a bike to borrow. He eventually found one and rode 145 km to the finish line, with his broken bike strapped to his back. At the end of the day Fontan quit the race in tears. The rule was removed for the 1930 Tour de France.
Victor Fontan was a French cyclist who led the 1929 Tour de France but dropped out after knocking at doors at night to ask for another bicycle. His plight led to a change of rules to prevent its happening again. He was also one of three riders who all wore the yellow jersey of leadership on the same day, the only time it has happened.
The general classification is the most important classification, the one by which the winner of the Tour de France is determined. Since 1919, the leader of the general classification wears the yellow jersey.
The Pyrenees is a range of mountains in southwest Europe that forms a natural border between Spain and France. Reaching a height of 3,404 metres (11,168 ft) altitude at the peak of Aneto, the range separates the Iberian Peninsula from the rest of continental Europe, and extends for about 491 km (305 mi) from the Bay of Biscay to the Mediterranean Sea.
The Tour was won by Belgian Maurice De Waele, although he was sick during the race. The Tour organisation was not content with the outcome of the race, because the strongest team Alycon had been able to deliver the winner even though he was sick, so they changed the rules after the 1929 Tour de France, and for the next years there were no sponsored teams but only national or regional teams.
Maurice De Waele was a Belgian professional road bicycle racer.
In 1928, many stages were in the team-time-trial format, where the teams started separately. The Tour organisation had invented this rule to make the flat stages more competitive, but it had the effect that the public stopped following the race. Therefore, in 1929 the most stages were run in the normal format, except for stages 12, 19 and 20, the stages that were expected to be raced slower than 30 km/h. >
The entire podium in 1928 was occupied by members from the Alcyon cycling team. The tour organisation wanted the Tour to be an individual race, so in 1929 the teams were officially not there, and riders started in the A-category (professional cyclists) or as touriste-routiers (semi-professional or amateur).
In 1928, cyclist could be helped when they had a flat tire; in 1929 this rule was reversed, and cyclists had to fix their flat tires by themselves.
In the first stages, the cyclists remained close to each other. Aimé Dossche won the first stage, and kept the lead for the next two stages.In the fourth stage, Maurice De Waele and Louis De Lannoy escaped from the bunch. De Lannoy won the stage, while Dewaele took over the lead in the general classification.
In the seventh stage, De Waele had two flat tires, and was not in the first group.Three man from that first group now shared the lead. There was no rule for this situation, so all three cyclists were given the yellow jersey in the next stage. In stage eight, this situation was solved, as Gaston Rebry took over the lead.
In the ninth stage, the first mountain stage, Lucien Buysse, the winner of the 1926 Tour de France and now racing as a touriste-routier, took the lead early in the race, and mounted the Aubisque first. In the descent, De Waele and Victor Fontan caught him.De Waele then punctured and lost eight minutes. Fontan was caught by the Spaniard Salvador Cardona, but his second place in the stage gave him the lead in the general classification. In the tenth stage, after only seven kilometers Fontan broke his fork. Some sources say he hit a dog, others say he fell in a gutter. He is said to have knocked on every door of a small town before he found a replacement bicycle. According to the rules, he had to finish the race with the bicycle he started with, so he strapped the broken bicycle to his back, and rode for 145 through the Pyrenees with a broken bicycle on his back, before he finally gave up.
After that tenth stage, Maurice De Waele was leading the general classification. One hour before the start of the fifteenth stage, he collapsed. The Alcyon team asked for the stage to be started one hour later, which was granted.De Waele was literally dragged on his bicycle, and his teammates rode shoulder-to-shoulder to prevent opponents from attacking. At the end of the stage, his teammates had helped him so much that he had lost only 13 minutes to the winner, finishing in 11th place. In the sixteenth stage, De Waele became better, and only Charles Pélissier could win time on him.
After the race was over, Jef Demuysere received 25 minutes penalty time in the general classification because he had taken drinks where this was not allowed. This moved him from the second place in the general classification to the third place.
In stages 12, 19 and 20, the cyclists started in teams. The cyclist who reached the finish fastest was the winner of the stage. In the other stages all cyclists started together. The time that each cyclist required to finish the stage was recorded. For the general classification, these times were added up; the cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey.
|1||30 June||Paris to Caen||206 km (128 mi)||Plain stage|
|2||1 July||Caen to Cherbourg||140 km (87 mi)||Plain stage|
|3||2 July||Cherbourg to Dinan||199 km (124 mi)||Plain stage|
|4||3 July||Dinan to Brest||206 km (128 mi)||Plain stage|
|5||4 July||Brest to Vannes||208 km (129 mi)||Plain stage|
|6||5 July||Vannes to Les Sables d'Olonne||206 km (128 mi)||Plain stage|
|7||6 July||Les Sables d'Olonne to Bordeaux||285 km (177 mi)||Plain stage|
|8||7 July||Bordeaux to Bayonne||182 km (113 mi)||Plain stage|
|9||9 July||Bayonne to Luchon||363 km (226 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)|
|10||11 July||Luchon to Perpignan||323 km (201 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)|
|11||13 July||Perpignan to Marseille||366 km (227 mi)||Plain stage|
|12||15 July||Marseille to Cannes||191 km (119 mi)||Team time trial|
|13||16 July||Cannes to Nice||133 km (83 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)|
|14||18 July||Nice to Grenoble||333 km (207 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)|
|15||20 July||Grenoble to Evian||329 km (204 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)|
|16||22 July||Evian to Belfort||283 km (176 mi)||Stage with mountain(s)|
|17||23 July||Belfort to Strasbourg||145 km (90 mi)||Plain stage|
|18||24 July||Strasbourg to Metz||165 km (103 mi)||Plain stage|
|19||25 July||Metz to Charleville||159 km (99 mi)||Team time trial|
|20||26 July||Charleville to Malo-les-Bains||270 km (170 mi)||Team time trial|
|21||27 July||Malo-les-Bains to Dieppe||234 km (145 mi)||Plain stage|
|22||28 July||Dieppe to Paris||332 km (206 mi)||Plain stage|
|Total||5,286 km (3,285 mi)|
During the 1929 Tour de France, the cyclists did not race in trade teams, but still the cyclists of the same team cooperated.
|1||Alcyon||186h 39' 15"|
|2||La Rafale||44' 23"|
|6||La Française||+1h 06' 09"|
|7||Alleluia–Wolber||+1h 08' 00"|
|8||Alcyon||+2h 01' 37"|
|9||Alleluia–Wolber||+2h 03' 00"|
|10||Alcyon||+2h 17' 49"|
|Final general classification (11–60)|
|11||Alcyon||+ 2h 24' 51"|
|12||Dilecta-Wolber||+ 2h 52' 35"|
|13||Fontan–Wolber||+ 2h 52' 57"|
|14||Dilecta-Wolber||+ 3h 06' 23"|
|15||Touriste-Routier||+ 3h 33' 29"|
|16||La Française||+ 3h 40' 49"|
|17||De Dion Bouton-Wolber||+ 4h 11' 54"|
|18||Elvish-Wolber||+ 4h 14' 24"|
|19||Lucifer||+ 5h 07' 51"|
|20||De Dion Bouton-Wolber||+ 5h 45' 12"|
|21||Touriste-Routier||+ 5h 49' 39"|
|22||Alleluia–Wolber||+ 6h 00' 07"|
|23||La Rafale||+ 6h 05' 02"|
|24||Dilecta-Wolber||+ 6h 14' 09"|
|25||Touriste-Routier||+ 6h 30' 50"|
|26||La Rafale||+ 6h 43' 53"|
|27||Elvish-Wolber||+ 8h 31' 45"|
|28||J.B. Louvet-Wolber||+ 8h 54' 03"|
|29||Touriste-Routier||+ 8h 55' 50"|
|30||Lucifer||+ 9h 50' 15"|
|31||Touriste-Routier||+ 10h 26' 25"|
|32||Touriste-Routier||+ 10h 33' 00"|
|33||Touriste-Routier||+ 11h 32' 17"|
|34||Touriste-Routier||+ 11h 35' 10"|
|35||Touriste-Routier||+ 11h 36' 51"|
|36||Touriste-Routier||+ 12h 13' 56"|
|37||Touriste-Routier||+ 12h 22' 38"|
|38||Touriste-Routier||+ 12h 38' 15"|
|39||Touriste-Routier||+ 12h 41' 44"|
|40||Touriste-Routier||+ 13h 08' 33"|
|41||Touriste-Routier||+ 13h 27' 23"|
|42||Touriste-Routier||+ 13h 49' 49"|
|43||Touriste-Routier||+ 14h 07' 34"|
|44||Touriste-Routier||+ 15h 06' 16"|
|45||Touriste-Routier||+ 16h 27' 38"|
|46||Touriste-Routier||+ 16h 36' 50"|
|47||Touriste-Routier||+ 16h 49' 47"|
|48||Touriste-Routier||+ 17h 09' 50"|
|49||Touriste-Routier||+ 19h 14' 16"|
|50||Touriste-Routier||+ 19h 57' 59"|
|51||Touriste-Routier||+ 21h 20' 17"|
|52||Touriste-Routier||+ 21h 52' 55"|
|53||Touriste-Routier||+ 22h 14' 52"|
|54||Touriste-Routier||+ 22h 24' 53"|
|55||Touriste-Routier||+ 22h 30' 00"|
|56||Touriste-Routier||+ 23h 06' 13"|
|57||Touriste-Routier||+ 24h 50' 41"|
|58||Touriste-Routier||+ 25h 17' 57"|
|59||Touriste-Routier||+ 26h 08' 50"|
|60||Touriste-Routier||+ 31h 37' 55"|
The organing newspaper, l'Auto named a meilleur grimpeur (best climber), an unofficial precursor to the modern King of the Mountains competition. This award was won by Victor Fontan.
After Victor Fontan had to give up in the tenth stage because of mechanical problems while he was leading the race, journalist Louis Delblat wrote that the rules should be changed, because a Tour should not be lost because of mechanical problems. Eventually the rule changed, but only after Tour director Henri Desgrange retired.
The team-time-trial format, which had been introduced to equalize power between the teams, had completely failed. It was removed for the 1930 Tour de France.Between 1935 and 1937, the concept was seen back, and returned again in 1954.
Henri Desgrange was angry at the outcome of the race. The strongest trade team decided who the winner was, while Desgrange wanted the strongest individual to win. Immediately after the 1929 Tour de France, he announced that he would drastically change the rules for the 1930 Tour de France.He removed the trade teams completely, and replaced them by national teams.
The winner of the race, Dewaele, would never reach his level of 1929 again. In 1931 he ended his Tour de France career with a fifth place.
The 1904 Tour de France was the second Tour de France, held from 2 to 24 July. With a route similar to its previous edition, 1903 Tour de France winner Maurice Garin seemed to have repeated his win by a small margin over Lucien Pothier, while Hippolyte Aucouturier won four of the six stages. But the race became a victim of its own success, plagued by scandals; cyclists were accused of having taken trains during the race. Twelve cyclists, including the first four of the final classification and all stage winners, were disqualified by the Union Vélocipédique Française (UVF). Henri Cornet, originally the fifth-place finisher, was awarded the victory four months after the race. The problems caused the Tour de France to be provisionally cancelled, and subsequently the 1905 Tour de France was run with different rules from the 1903 and 1904 editions.
The 1905 Tour de France was the third edition of the Tour de France, held from 9 to 30 July, organised by the newspaper L'Auto. Following the disqualifications after the 1904 Tour de France, there were changes in the rules, the most important one being the general classification not made by time but by points. The race saw the introduction of mountains in the Tour de France, and René Pottier excelled in the first mountain, although he could not finish the race. Due in part to some of the rule changes, the 1905 Tour de France had less cheating and sabotage than in previous years, though they were not completely eliminated. It was won by Louis Trousselier, who also won four of the eleven stages.
The 1907 Tour de France was the fifth running of the annual Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. From 8 July to 4 August, the 93 cyclists cycled 4488 km (2,788 mi) in fourteen stages around France. The winner, Lucien Petit-Breton, completed the race at an average speed of 28.47 km/h (17.69 mi/h). For the first time, climbs in the Western Alps were included in the Tour de France. The race was dominated at the start by Émile Georget, who won five of the first eight stages. In the ninth stage, he borrowed a bicycle from a befriended rider after his own broke. This was against the rules; initially he received only a small penalty and his main competitors left the race out of protest. Georget's penalty was then increased and Lucien Petit-Breton became the new leader. Petit-Breton won two of the remaining stages and the overall victory of the Tour.
The 1923 Tour de France was the 17th edition of the Tour de France, taking place 24 June to 22 July. It consisted of 15 stages over 5386 km, ridden at an average speed of 24.233 km/h. The race was won by Henri Pélissier with a convincing half-hour lead to his next opponent, Italian Ottavio Bottecchia. In total, 139 cyclists entered the race, of which 48 finished. Pélissier's victory was the first French victory since 1911, as the Tour de France had been dominated by Belgian cyclists since then.
The 1934 Tour de France was the 28th edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 3 to 29 July. It consisted of 23 stages over 4,470 km (2,778 mi). The race was won by Antonin Magne, who had previously won the 1931 Tour de France. The French team was dominant, holding the yellow jersey for the entire race and winning most of the stages. Every member of the French team won at least one stage.
The 1926 Tour de France was the 20th edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 20 June to 18 July. It consisted of 17 stages with a total distance of 5745 km, ridden at an average speed of 24.064 km/h.
The 1908 Tour de France was the sixth running of the annual Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. It was organised by the newspaper L'Auto, and took place between 13 July and 9 August. The Tour was split in 14 stages, with a total distance of 4,497 kilometres (2,794 mi).
The 1911 Tour de France was the ninth edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 2 to 30 July. It was composed of 15 stages over 5,343 kilometres (3,320 mi), ridden at an average speed of 27.322 km/h. The results were computed by giving each rider points according to his finishing position on each stage, and the rider with the fewest points at the end of the race won the overall competition. It was a gruelling tour, with the longest stage, 470 km long, taking almost 18 hours for the fastest riders to complete. Out of the 84 riders who started the tour, only 28 completed the race. After the introduction of the Pyrenees in the previous edition, in 1911 the Alps were first visited; for this addition, the 1911 edition has been named the first modern Tour.
The 1913 Tour de France was the 11th edition of the Tour de France, taking place between 29 June and 27 July. The total distance was 5,287 kilometres (3,285 mi) and the average speed of the riders was 26.715 kilometres per hour (16.600 mph). The competition was won by the Belgian Philippe Thys, after in the crucial sixth stage Eugène Christophe broke his bicycle and lost several hours because he had to do the repairs by himself. In the last stage, Thys also had mechanical problems, but he got help during the repairs, and only got a penalty of ten minutes.
The 1919 Tour de France was the 13th edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 29 June to 27 July over a total distance of 5,560 kilometres (3,450 mi). It was the first Tour de France after World War I, and was won by Firmin Lambot. Following the tenth stage, the yellow jersey, given to the leader of the general classification, was introduced, and first worn by Eugène Christophe.
The 1922 Tour de France was the 16th edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 25 June to 23 July. The 1922 Tour consisted of 15 stages covering a total of 5,375 kilometres (3,340 mi). The race was won by the Belgian Firmin Lambot. It was the second time Lambot had won the overall Tour de France title; he had previously won the 1919 Tour de France.
The 1930 Tour de France was the 24th edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 2 to 27 July. It consisted of 21 stages over 4,822 km (2,996 mi).
The 1936 Tour de France was the 30th edition of the Tour de France, taking place from 7 July to 2 August. It was composed of 21 stages with a total length of 4,442 km (2,760 mi). Because of health problems, Henri Desgrange stopped as Tour director, and was succeeded by Jacques Goddet.
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