1930 United States Census

Last updated

Fifteenth Census
of the United States
  1920
1940  
Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
U.S. Census Bureau Seal
1930 census Norton Carr.jpg
Population Schedule Robert (Bob) Barker - South Dakota's Indian Census Roll; April 1, 1930.jpg
Indian Census Roll
General information
CountryUnited States
Date takenApril 1, 1930
Total population122,775,046
Percent changeIncrease2.svg 13.7%
Most populous state New York
12,588,066
Least populous state Nevada
91,058

The Fifteenth United States Census , conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census.

United States Census decenial census mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution

The United States Census is a decennial census mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution, which states: "Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States ... according to their respective Numbers .... The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years." Section 2 of the 14th Amendment states: "Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed." The United States Census Bureau is responsible for the United States Census. The Bureau of the Census is part of the United States Department of Commerce.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

An enumeration is a complete, ordered listing of all the items in a collection. The term is commonly used in mathematics and computer science to refer to a listing of all of the elements of a set. The precise requirements for an enumeration depend on the discipline of study and the context of a given problem.

Contents

Census questions

The 1930 Census collected the following information: [1]

Full documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

Data availability

The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949; after which the original sheets were destroyed. [2] The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, and available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations also host images of the microfilmed census online, and digital indices.

Microform Forms with microreproductions of documents

Microforms are scaled-down reproductions of documents, typically either films or paper, made for the purposes of transmission, storage, reading, and printing. Microform images are commonly reduced to about one twenty-fifth of the original document size. For special purposes, greater optical reductions may be used.

National Archives and Records Administration independent agency of the United States government which preserves and provides access to federal records

The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is an independent agency of the United States government charged with the preservation and documentation of government and historical records. It is also tasked with increasing public access to those documents which make up the National Archive. NARA is officially responsible for maintaining and publishing the legally authentic and authoritative copies of acts of Congress, presidential directives, and federal regulations. NARA also transmits votes of the Electoral College to Congress.

Microdata from the 1930 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

In the study of survey and census data, microdata is information at the level of individual respondents. For instance, a national census might collect age, home address, educational level, employment status, and many other variables, recorded separately for every person who responds; this is microdata.

In statistics, aggregate data are data combined from several measurements. When data is aggregated, groups of observations are replaced with summary statistics based on those observations.

The National Historical Geographic Information System (NHGIS) is a historical GIS project to create and freely disseminate a database incorporating all available aggregate census information for the United States between 1790 and 2010. The project has created one of the largest collections in the world of statistical census information, much of which was not previously available to the research community because of legacy data formats and differences between metadata formats. The statistical and geographic data are disseminated free of charge through a sophisticated online data access system.

State rankings

RankStatePopulation
1 New York 12,588,066
2 Pennsylvania 9,631,350
3 Illinois 7,630,654
4 Ohio 6,646,697
5 Texas 5,824,715
6 California 5,677,251
7 Michigan 4,842,325
8 Massachusetts 4,249,614
9 New Jersey 4,041,334
10 Missouri 3,629,367
11 Indiana 3,238,503
12 North Carolina 3,170,276
13 Wisconsin 2,939,006
14 Georgia 2,908,506
15 Alabama 2,646,248
16 Tennessee 2,616,556
17 Kentucky 2,614,589
18 Minnesota 2,563,953
19 Iowa 2,470,939
20 Virginia 2,421,851
21 Oklahoma 2,396,040
22 Louisiana 2,101,593
23 Mississippi 2,009,821
24 Kansas 1,880,999
25 Arkansas 1,854,482
26 South Carolina 1,738,765
27 West Virginia 1,729,205
28 Maryland 1,631,526
29 Connecticut 1,606,903
30 Washington 1,563,396
31 Florida 1,468,211
32 Nebraska 1,377,963
33 Colorado 1,035,791
34 Oregon 953,786
35 Maine 797,423
36 South Dakota 692,849
37 Rhode Island 687,497
38 North Dakota 680,845
39 Montana 537,606
40 Utah 507,847
x District of Columbia 486,869
41 New Hampshire 465,293
42 Idaho 445,032
43 Arizona 435,573
44 New Mexico 423,317
x Hawaii 368,336
45 Vermont 359,611
46 Delaware 238,380
47 Wyoming 225,565
48 Nevada 91,058
X Alaska 59,278
--Total122,775,046

City rankings

RankCityStatePopulation [3] Region (2016) [4]
01 New York New York 6,930,446 Northeast
02 Chicago Illinois 3,376,438 Midwest
03 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 1,950,961 Northeast
04 Detroit Michigan 1,568,662 Midwest
05 Los Angeles California 1,238,048 West
06 Cleveland Ohio 900,429 Midwest
07 St. Louis Missouri 821,960 Midwest
08 Baltimore Maryland 804,874 South
09 Boston Massachusetts 781,188 Northeast
10 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 669,817 Northeast
11 San Francisco California 634,394 West
12 Milwaukee Wisconsin 578,249 Midwest
13 Buffalo New York 573,076 Northeast
14 Washington District of Columbia 486,869 South
15 Minneapolis Minnesota 464,356 Midwest
16 New Orleans Louisiana 458,762 South
17 Cincinnati Ohio 451,160 Midwest
18 Newark New Jersey 442,337 Northeast
19 Kansas City Missouri 399,746 Midwest
20 Seattle Washington 365,583 West
21 Indianapolis Indiana 364,161 Midwest
22 Rochester New York 328,132 Northeast
23 Jersey City New Jersey 316,715 Northeast
24 Louisville Kentucky 307,745 South
25 Portland Oregon 301,815 West
26 Houston Texas 292,352 South
27 Toledo Ohio 290,718 Midwest
28 Columbus Ohio 290,564 Midwest
29 Denver Colorado 287,861 West
30 Oakland California 284,063 West
31 Saint Paul Minnesota 271,606 Midwest
32 Atlanta Georgia 270,366 South
33 Dallas Texas 260,475 South
34 Birmingham Alabama 259,678 South
35 Akron Ohio 255,040 Midwest
36 Memphis Tennessee 253,143 South
37 Providence Rhode Island 252,981 Northeast
38 San Antonio Texas 231,542 South
39 Omaha Nebraska 214,006 Midwest
40 Syracuse New York 209,326 Northeast
41 Dayton Ohio 200,982 Midwest
42 Worcester Massachusetts 195,311 Northeast
43 Oklahoma City Oklahoma 185,389 South
44 Richmond Virginia 182,929 South
45 Youngstown Ohio 170,002 Midwest
46 Grand Rapids Michigan 168,592 Midwest
47 Hartford Connecticut 164,072 Northeast
48 Fort Worth Texas 163,447 South
49 New Haven Connecticut 162,655 Northeast
50 Flint Michigan 156,492 Midwest
51 Nashville Tennessee 153,866 South
52 Springfield Massachusetts 149,900 Northeast
53 San Diego California 147,995 West
54 Bridgeport Connecticut 146,716 Northeast
55 Scranton Pennsylvania 143,433 Northeast
56 Des Moines Iowa 142,559 Midwest
57 Long Beach California 142,032 West
58 Tulsa Oklahoma 141,258 South
59 Salt Lake City Utah 140,267 West
60 Paterson New Jersey 138,513 Northeast
61 Yonkers New York 134,646 Northeast
62 Norfolk Virginia 129,710 South
63 Jacksonville Florida 129,549 South
64 Albany New York 127,412 Northeast
65 Trenton New Jersey 123,356 Northeast
66 Kansas City Kansas 121,857 Midwest
67 Chattanooga Tennessee 119,798 South
68 Camden New Jersey 118,700 Northeast
69 Erie Pennsylvania 115,967 Northeast
70 Spokane Washington 115,514 West
71 Fall River Massachusetts 115,274 Northeast
72 Fort Wayne Indiana 114,946 Midwest
73 Elizabeth New Jersey 114,589 Northeast
74 Cambridge Massachusetts 113,643 Northeast
75 New Bedford Massachusetts 112,597 Northeast
76 Reading Pennsylvania 111,171 Northeast
77 Wichita Kansas 111,110 Midwest
78 Miami Florida 110,637 South
79 Tacoma Washington 106,817 West
80 Wilmington Delaware 106,597 South
81 Knoxville Tennessee 105,802 South
82 Peoria Illinois 104,969 Midwest
83 Canton Ohio 104,906 Midwest
84 South Bend Indiana 104,193 Midwest
85 Somerville Massachusetts 103,908 Northeast
86 El Paso Texas 102,421 South
87 Lynn Massachusetts 102,320 Northeast
88 Evansville Indiana 102,249 Midwest
89 Utica New York 101,740 Northeast
90 Duluth Minnesota 101,463 Midwest
91 Tampa Florida 101,161 South
92 Gary Indiana 100,426 Midwest
93 Lowell Massachusetts 100,234 Northeast
94 Waterbury Connecticut 99,902 Northeast
95 Schenectady New York 95,692 Northeast
96 Sacramento California 93,750 West
97 Allentown Pennsylvania 92,563 Northeast
98 Bayonne New Jersey 88,979 Northeast
99 Wilkes-Barre Pennsylvania 86,626 Northeast
100 Rockford Illinois 85,864 Midwest

Notes

  1. "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790-1925". New York State Library. October 1981. pp. 45 (p. 51 of PDF). Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2008.
  2. The United States National Archives and Records Administration. "FAQs about the 1930 Census". National Archives website. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
  3. Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
  4. "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.

Related Research Articles

2000 United States Census 22nd determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000

The Twenty-second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2% over the 248,709,873 people enumerated during the 1990 Census. This was the twenty-second federal census and was at the time the largest civilly administered peacetime effort in the United States.

1990 United States Census determined the resident population of the United States on 1 April 1990

The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, was the first census to be directed by a woman, Barbara Everitt Bryant. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9.8 percent over the 226,545,805 persons enumerated during the 1980 Census.

1890 United States Census National census

The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time. The data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, South Dakota, and Texas, and the District of Columbia.

1850 United States Census Seventh U.S. national census seeing 35.9% increase since 1840

The United States Census of 1850 was the seventh census of the United States. Conducted by the Census Office on June 1, 1850, it determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876—an increase of 35.9 percent over the 17,069,453 persons enumerated during the 1840 Census. The total population included 3,204,313 slaves.

1980 United States Census National census

The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11.4 percent over the 203,184,772 persons enumerated during the 1970 Census. It was the first census in which a state – California – recorded a population of 20 million people, as well as the first in which all states recorded populations of over 400,000.

1790 United States Census First United States census

The United States Census of 1790 was the first census of the whole United States. It recorded the population of the United States as of Census Day, August 2, 1790, as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution and applicable laws. In the first census, the population of the United States was enumerated to be 3,929,214.

1800 United States Census Census conducted in the United States in year 1800

The United States Census of 1800 was the second Census conducted in the United States. It was conducted on August 4, 1800.

1810 United States Census

The United States Census of 1810 was the third Census conducted in the United States. It was conducted on August 6, 1810. It showed that 7,239,881 people were living in the United States, of which 1,191,362 were slaves.

1860 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States starting June 1, 1860, and lasting five months. It determined the population of the United States to be 31,443,321, an increase of 35.4 percent over the 23,191,875 persons enumerated during the 1850 Census. The total population included 3,953,761 slaves.

1880 United States Census 10th U.S. national census

The United States Census of 1880 conducted by the Census Bureau during June 1880 was the tenth United States Census. It was the first time that women were permitted to be enumerators. The Superintendent of the Census was Francis Amasa Walker. This was the first census in which a city – New York – recorded a population of over one million.

1870 United States Census Ninth U.S. national census; first to provide detailed demographic info on African Americans

The United States Census of 1870 was the ninth United States Census. It was conducted by the Census Bureau from June 1,1870 to August 23, 1871. The 1870 Census was the first census to provide detailed information on the African-American population, only five years after the culmination of the Civil War when slaves were granted freedom. The total population was 38,925,598 with a resident of 38,558,371 individuals, a 22.62% increase from 1860. The 1870 Census' population estimate was controversial, as many believed it underestimated the true population numbers, especially in New York and Pennsylvania.

1900 United States Census National census

The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Office on June 1, 1900, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21.0 percent over the 62,979,766 persons enumerated during the 1890 Census.

1910 United States Census National census

The Thirteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21.0 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 Census. The 1910 Census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation.

1920 United States Census National census

The Fourteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from January 5, 1920, determined the resident population of the United States to be 106,021,537, an increase of 15.0 percent over the 92,228,496 persons enumerated during the 1910 Census.

1940 United States Census National census

The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, and information about wages. This census introduced sampling techniques; one in 20 people were asked additional questions on the census form. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939. This was the first census in which every state (48) had a population greater than 100,000.

1950 United States Census National census

The Seventeenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 150,697,361, an increase of 14.5 percent over the 131,669,275 persons enumerated during the 1940 Census. This was the first census in which:

1960 United States Census

The Eighteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 179,323,175, an increase of 18.5 percent over the 151,325,798 persons enumerated during the 1950 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over 200,000.

1970 United States Census National census

The Nineteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 203,392,031, an increase of 13.4 percent over the 179,323,175 persons enumerated during the 1960 Census. This was the first census since 1800 in which New York was not the most populous state – California overtook it in population in November of 1962. This was also the first census in which all states recorded a population of over 300,000, and the first in which a city in the geographic South recorded a population of over 1 million (Houston).

Marion Bernice Yazdi, born October 9, 1902 at Marcellus, Cass County, Michigan, died February 2, 1996 at Natick, Middlesex County, Massachusetts or at Wellesley, Norfolk County, Massachusetts, was the first Bahá'í student at the University of California at Berkeley, and at Stanford University. She was a daughter of Crowell E. and Elizabeth Carpenter, natives of Michigan and Ohio, respectively, who moved from Schoolcraft, Kalamazoo County, Michigan to Santa Paula, Ventura County, California between the 1910 and 1920 censuses.