1931

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1931 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1931
MCMXXXI
Ab urbe condita 2684
Armenian calendar 1380
ԹՎ ՌՅՁ
Assyrian calendar 6681
Bahá'í calendar 87–88
Balinese saka calendar 1852–1853
Bengali calendar 1338
Berber calendar 2881
British Regnal year 21  Geo. 5   22  Geo. 5
Buddhist calendar 2475
Burmese calendar 1293
Byzantine calendar 7439–7440
Chinese calendar 庚午(Metal  Horse)
4627 or 4567
     to 
辛未年 (Metal  Goat)
4628 or 4568
Coptic calendar 1647–1648
Discordian calendar 3097
Ethiopian calendar 1923–1924
Hebrew calendar 5691–5692
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1987–1988
 - Shaka Samvat 1852–1853
 - Kali Yuga 5031–5032
Holocene calendar 11931
Igbo calendar 931–932
Iranian calendar 1309–1310
Islamic calendar 1349–1350
Japanese calendar Shōwa 6
(昭和6年)
Javanese calendar 1861–1862
Juche calendar 20
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4264
Minguo calendar ROC 20
民國20年
Nanakshahi calendar 463
Thai solar calendar 2473–2474
Tibetan calendar 阳金马年
(male Iron-Horse)
2057 or 1676 or 904
     to 
阴金羊年
(female Iron-Goat)
2058 or 1677 or 905

1931 ( MCMXXXI ) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar , the 1931st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 931st year of the 2nd millennium , the 31st year of the 20th century , and the 2nd year of the 1930s decade.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year that begins on Thursday, 1 January, and ends on Thursday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is D. The most recent year of such kind was 2015 and the next one will be 2026 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2010 and 2021 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. This common year contains the most Friday the 13ths; specifically, the months of February, March, and November. Leap years starting on Sunday share this characteristic. From February until March in this type of year is also the shortest period that occurs within a Friday the 13th.

Contents

Events

January

January is the first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and the first of seven months to have a length of 31 days. The first day of the month is known as New Year's Day. It is, on average, the coldest month of the year within most of the Northern Hemisphere and the warmest month of the year within most of the Southern Hemisphere. In the Southern hemisphere, January is the seasonal equivalent of July in the Northern hemisphere and vice versa.

The American Federation of Labor's National Committee for Moderation of the Volstead Act was created in January 1931. It was headed by Matthew Woll, who testified before a Congressional committee that workers and organized labor opposed prohibition. Labor leadership argued that the 18th Amendment establishing prohibition was the first instance in American history when an amendment to the United States Constitution denied rights instead of creating or expanding them. The Committee's activities helped lead to the repeal of prohibition.

The repeal of Prohibition in the United States was accomplished with the passage of the Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution on December 5, 1933.

February

February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 331 days remain until the end of the year.

1931 Hawkes Bay earthquake earthquake

The 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, also known as the Napier earthquake, occurred in New Zealand at 10:47 am on 3 February, killing 256, injuring thousands and devastating the Hawke's Bay region. It remains New Zealand's deadliest natural disaster. Centred 15 km north of Napier, it lasted for two and a half minutes and measured magnitude 7.8 Ms (magnitude 7.9 Mw). There were 525 aftershocks recorded in the following two weeks, with 597 being recorded by the end of February. The main shock could be felt in much of New Zealand, with reliable reports coming in from as far south as Timaru, on the east coast of the South Island.

The so-called Richter scale – also Richter magnitude or Richter magnitude scale, more accurately but informally Richter's magnitude scale – for measuring the strength ("size") of earthquakes refers to the original "magnitude scale" developed by Charles F. Richter and presented in his landmark 1935 paper. This was later revised and renamed the Local magnitude scale, denoted as "ML" or "ML". Because of various shortcomings of the ML scale most seismological authorities now use other scales, such as the moment magnitude scale (Mw ), to report earthquake magnitudes, but much of the news media still refers to these as "Richter" magnitudes. All magnitude scales retain the logarithmic character of the original, and are scaled to have roughly comparable numeric values.

February 10: New Delhi becomes India's capital Delhi India Government.jpg
February 10: New Delhi becomes India's capital
February 21: Ford Trimotor hijacked Ford Trimotor.jpg
February 21: Ford Trimotor hijacked

March

March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 305 days remain until the end of the year.

USS <i>Arizona</i> (BB-39) large ship sunk during the attack on Pearl Harbor

USS Arizona was a Pennsylvania-class battleship built for and by the United States Navy in the mid-1910s. Named in honor of the 48th state's recent admission into the union, the ship was the second and last of the Pennsylvania class of "super-dreadnought" battleships. Although commissioned in 1916, the ship remained stateside during World War I. Shortly after the end of the war, Arizona was one of a number of American ships that briefly escorted President Woodrow Wilson to the Paris Peace Conference. The ship was sent to Turkey in 1919 at the beginning of the Greco-Turkish War to represent American interests for several months. Several years later, she was transferred to the Pacific Fleet and remained there for the rest of her career.

Oswald Mosley British politician; founder of the British Union of Fascists

Sir Oswald Ernald Mosley of Ancoats, 6th Baronet, was a British politician who rose to fame in the 1920s as a Member of Parliament and later in the 1930s became leader of the British Union of Fascists (BUF). Mosley inherited the title 'Sir' by virtue of his baronetcy; he was the sixth baronet of a title that had been in his family for centuries.

April

April 1 is the 91st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 274 days remain until the end of the year.

Second Encirclement Campaign against Jiangxi Soviet Military campaign during the Chinese Civil War

The Second Encirclement Campaignagainst Jiangxi Soviet was a series of battles launched by the Chinese Nationalist Government in the hope of encircling and destroying the Jiangxi Soviet after the previous campaign had failed. The Red Army repelled the encirclement by launching their Second Counter-Encirclement Campaign, also called by the communists as the Second Counter-Encirclement Campaign at Central Revolutionary Base, in which the local Chinese Red Army successfully defended the Jiangxi Soviet against the Nationalist attacks from April 1, 1931, to May 31, 1931.

Kuomintang Political party in the Republic of China

The Kuomintang of China, also spelled as Guomindang and often alternatively translated as the Nationalist Party of China (NPC) or the Chinese Nationalist Party (CNP), is a major political party in the Republic of China based in Taipei that was founded in 1911. The KMT is currently an opposition political party in the Legislative Yuan.

May

May 1: Empire State Building is completed. Manhattan at Dusk by slonecker.jpg
May 1: Empire State Building is completed.

June

July

August

September

September 18: The Mukden Incident: Incident Museum in Shenyang Jiuyiba Lishi BowuguanJiu Yi Ba Li Shi Bo Wu Guan 106997.JPG
September 18: The Mukden Incident: Incident Museum in Shenyang

October

November

December

Births

Births
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

Toshiki Kaifu Toshiki Kaifu (File B).jpg
Toshiki Kaifu
Robert Duvall Robert Duvall 2 by David Shankbone.jpg
Robert Duvall
Caterina Valente Caterina Valente 1966.jpg
Caterina Valente
James Earl Jones James Earl Jones (8516667383).jpg
James Earl Jones

February

Boris Yeltsin Boris Nikolaevich El'tsin-1 (cropped).jpg
Boris Yeltsin
Dries van Agt Dries van Agt, 2011 (cropped).jpg
Dries van Agt
Isabel Martinez de Peron Isabel Martinez de Peron.jpg
Isabel Martínez de Perón
James Dean James Dean in Rebel Without a Cause.jpg
James Dean

March

Mikhail Gorbachev RIAN archive 850809 General Secretary of the CPSU CC M. Gorbachev (crop).jpg
Mikhail Gorbachev
Leon Febres Cordero Leon Febres Cordero.jpg
León Febres Cordero
William Shatner William Shatner Sydney 2014.jpg
William Shatner
Leonard Nimoy Leonard Nimoy by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Leonard Nimoy

April

Suchitra Sen Suchitra Sen.jpg
Suchitra Sen
Luis Cabral LuisCabralZiguinchor1973.tif
Luís Cabral

May

Willie Mays Willie Mays cropped.jpg
Willie Mays
Natwar Singh K Natwar Singh.jpg
Natwar Singh
Faten Hamama Faten Hamama.jpg
Faten Hamama

June

Raul Castro Raul-castro-2015 (cropped).jpg
Raúl Castro
Dana Wynter Dana Wynter - 1962.jpg
Dana Wynter
Joao Gilberto Joao Gilberto.jpg
João Gilberto
Marla Gibbs Marla Gibbs.jpg
Marla Gibbs
Fernando Henrique Cardoso Fhc-color.jpg
Fernando Henrique Cardoso
Olympia Dukakis OlympiaDukakisHWOFMay2013.jpg
Olympia Dukakis

July

Leslie Caron Leslie Caron-publicity.JPG
Leslie Caron
Seyni Kountche Seyni Kountche 1983 cropped.jpg
Seyni Kountché
Della Reese Della Reese 1998.jpg
Della Reese
Thorvald Stoltenberg Thorvald Stoltenberg 2009.jpg
Thorvald Stoltenberg

August

Don King Don King by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Don King
Barbara Eden Life Ball 2013 - magenta carpet Barbara Eden 01.jpg
Barbara Eden
Sri Chinmoy Sri-Chinmoy-meditate-2.jpg
Sri Chinmoy

September

Ian Holm Ian Holm.jpg
Ian Holm
Barbara Bain Barbara Bain.jpg
Barbara Bain
Princess Lalla Aicha of Morocco Lalla Aicha.jpg
Princess Lalla Aicha of Morocco
Larry Hagman Larry Hagman 2010.jpg
Larry Hagman

October

Desmond Tutu Archbishop-Tutu-medium.jpg
Desmond Tutu
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam A. P. J. Abdul Kalam in 2008.jpg
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
Mickey Mantle Mickey Mantle 1953.jpg
Mickey Mantle
Dan Rather Dan Rather Peabody.jpg
Dan Rather

November

Ike Turner Iketurner1997.jpg
Ike Turner
Mwai Kibaki Mwai Kibaki 2011-07-08.jpg
Mwai Kibaki

December

George Maxwell Richards Professor George Maxwell Richards 1 (cropped 2).jpg
George Maxwell Richards
Rita Moreno Rita Moreno face.jpg
Rita Moreno
Carlos Graca Carlos Graca.jpg
Carlos Graça

Deaths

January – April

Anna Pavlova Anna Pavlova as the Dying Swan.jpg
Anna Pavlova
Otto Wallach Otto Wallach 1880s.jpg
Otto Wallach
F. W. Murnau Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau.jpg
F. W. Murnau
Joe Masseria Giuseppe ,,Joe" Masseria.jpg
Joe Masseria

May – August

Patriarch Damian I of Jerusalem Patriarch Damian of Jerusalem.jpg
Patriarch Damian I of Jerusalem
Hamaguchi Osachi Hamaguchi Osachi 1.jpg
Hamaguchi Osachi

September – December

Archduke Leopold Salvator of Austria Carl Pietzner - Erzherzog Leopold Salvator von Osterreich-Toskana, 1905 (LC-DIG-ggbain-06226).jpg
Archduke Leopold Salvator of Austria
Thomas Edison Thomas Edison.jpg
Thomas Edison

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

1947 Year

1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1947th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 947th year of the 2nd millennium, the 47th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1940s decade.

1908 Year

1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1908th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 908th year of the 2nd millennium, the 8th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1908, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1951st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 951st year of the 2nd millennium, the 51st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1950s decade.

1939 Year

1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1939th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 939th year of the 2nd millennium, the 39th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1930s decade. This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.

1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1912th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 912th year of the 2nd millennium, the 12th year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1912, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1901st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 901st year of the 2nd millennium, the 1st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1901, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1943rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 943rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 43rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1940s decade.

1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1941st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 941st year of the 2nd millennium, the 41st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1940s decade.

1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1902nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 902nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 2nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1900s decade. As of the start of 1902, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1936th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 936th year of the 2nd millennium, the 36th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1930s decade.

1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1910th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 910th year of the 2nd millennium, the 10th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1910, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1921st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 921st year of the 2nd millennium, the 21st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1921, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1932nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 932nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 32nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1930s decade.

1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1955th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 955th year of the 2nd millennium, the 55th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1950s decade.

1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1923rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 923rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 23rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1923, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which was relegated that February to use only by churches after Greece adopted the Gregorian calendar.

1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1953rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 953rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 53rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1950s decade.

1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1925th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 925th year of the 2nd millennium, the 25th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1920s decade.

1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1930th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 930th year of the 2nd millennium, the 30th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1930s decade.

1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1935th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 935th year of the 2nd millennium, the 35th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1930s decade.

1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1934th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 934th year of the 2nd millennium, the 34th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1930s decade.

References

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  3. "Wiley Post". centennialofflight.gov. Archived from the original on October 8, 2012.
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