All 80 seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives
41 seats were needed for a majority
The 1931 New Zealand general election was a nationwide vote to determine the shape of the New Zealand Parliament's 24th term. It resulted in the newly formed coalition between the United Party and the Reform Party remaining in office as the United–Reform Coalition Government, although the opposition Labour Party made some minor gains despite tallying more votes than any other single party.
In the 1928 election, the Reform Party won 28 seats to the United Party's 27 seats. Shortly after the election the Reform Party lost a vote of no-confidence and the United Party managed to form a government, the United Government, with the support of the Labour Party, with governing Reform Party going into the opposition. In 1931, however, the agreement between United and Labour collapsed due to differing opinions on how to counter the Great Depression. The Reform Party, fearing that the Depression would give Labour a substantial boost, reluctantly agreed to form a coalition with United to avert elections. By forming a coalition, United and Reform were able to blunt Labour's advantage, ending the possibility of the anti-Labour vote being split.
The date for the main 1931 elections was 2 December, a Wednesday. Elections to the four Māori electorates were held the day before. 874,787 people were registered to vote, and there was a turnout of 83.3%. This turnout was below average for the time period.
The number of seats was 80, a number which had been fixed since 1902.However, in four electorates (Bay of Plenty, Oroua, Pahiatua, Waitomo) there was only one candidate.
The 1931 election saw the recently formed governing coalition retain office as the United–Reform Coalition, winning fifty-one seats, including four independents. This was a drop of four seats from what the two parties had won in the previous elections, but was still considerably better than many had expected given the economic situation. The Labour Party won twenty-four seats, a gain of five. In the popular vote (including pro-coalition independents), the coalition won 54.0% of the vote, down from the 66.1% that the two parties had won previously. Labour won 34.3%. The only other party to gain a place in Parliament was the Country Party, which won a single seat. Four other independents were elected. Four candidates were elected unopposed: Walter Broadfoot in Waitomo, John Cobbe in Oroua, Alfred Ransom in Pahiatua, and Kenneth Williams in Bay of Plenty.
|Independents (in support of Coalition)||75,069||10.53||4||+3|
|Country Party||Harold Rushworth||16,710||2.34||1||±0|
The following table shows the detailed results: Key
Reform Labour United Country Party Independent Liberal Ratana Independent
|Auckland Central||Bill Parry||3,793||Harold Penfound Congdon|
|Auckland East||James Donald||Bill Schramm||2,256||Harold Percy Burton|
|Auckland Suburbs||Rex Mason||1,223||Richard Herbert Marryatt|
|Auckland West||Michael Joseph Savage||4,517||Hugh Ross Mackenzie|
|Avon||Dan Sullivan||3,039||Harben Robert Young|
|Awarua||Philip De La Perrelle||2,148||Norman McIntyre|
|Bay of Islands||Harold Rushworth||1,209||Allen Bell|
|Bay of Plenty||Kenneth Williams||Uncontested|
|Buller||Harry Holland||3,631||John Menzies|
|Central Otago||William Bodkin||2,516||Charles Todd|
|Chalmers||Alfred Ansell||172||Norman Hartley Campbell|
|Christchurch East||Tim Armstrong||3,206||George Frederick Allen|
|Christchurch North||Henry Holland||2,077||Elizabeth McCombs|
|Christchurch South||Ted Howard||2,798||Charlie McCully|
|Clutha||Fred Waite||Peter McSkimming||1,530||Fred Waite|
|Dunedin Central||Charles Statham||262||Peter Neilson|
|Dunedin North||Jim Munro||524||John McCrae|
|Dunedin South||William Burgoyne Taverner||Fred Jones||3,644||William Burgoyne Taverner|
|Dunedin West||William Downie Stewart Jr||924||John Gilchrist|
|Eden||Arthur Stallworthy||1,270||Bill Anderton|
|Egmont||Charles Wilkinson||1,308||F. Gawith|
|Franklin||Jack Massey||2,457||Harry Oswald Mellsop|
|Gisborne||Douglas Lysnar||David Coleman||317||Douglas Lysnar|
|Grey Lynn||John Fletcher||John A. Lee||3,242||John Fletcher|
|Hamilton||Alexander Young||3,072||Hubert Beebe|
|Hauraki||Walter William Massey||2,750||Charles Robert Petrie|
|Hawke's Bay||Hugh Campbell||2,259||Ted Cullen|
|Hurunui||George Forbes||3,953||R. J. Logan|
|Hutt||Walter Nash||2,823||James Kerr|
|Invercargill||Vincent Ward||James Hargest||508||William McChesney|
|Kaiapoi||Richard Hawke||1,414||John Archer|
|Kaipara||Gordon Coates||2,084||Albert Edward Robinson|
|Lyttelton||James McCombs||32||Frederick Willie Freeman|
|Manawatu||Joseph Linklater||2,246||Lorrie Hunter|
|Manukau||Bill Jordan||3,394||Stanley Rickards|
|Marsden||Alfred Murdoch||2,942||Jim Barclay|
|Masterton||George Sykes||1,951||Peter Butler|
|Mataura||David McDougall||943||Thomas Golden|
|Mid-Canterbury||David Jones||Jeremiah Connolly||136||David Jones|
|Motueka||George Black||517||Keith Holyoake|
|Napier||Bill Barnard||1,456||John Butler|
|Nelson||Harry Atmore||100||Herbert Everett|
|New Plymouth||Sydney George Smith||3,472||William Sheat|
|Oamaru||John Andrew MacPherson||1,046||John Kirkness|
|Otaki||William Hughes Field||1,321||Jim Thorn|
|Palmerston||Jimmy Nash||1,245||Joe Hodgens|
|Parnell||Bill Endean||4,821||John William Yarnall|
|Patea||Harold Dickie||3,495||W. G. Simpson|
|Raglan||Lee Martin||Stewart Reid||806||Lee Martin|
|Rangitikei||James Thomas Hogan||Alexander Stuart||15||James Thomas Hogan|
|Riccarton||Bert Kyle||589||Archibald Albany McLachlan|
|Roskill||George Munns||Arthur Shapton Richards||171||William John Holdsworth|
|Rotorua||Cecil Clinkard||57||Alexander Moncur|
|Stratford||William Polson||1,518||J W McMillan|
|Tauranga||Charles MacMillan||658||Bill Sullivan|
|Temuka||Thomas Burnett||1,237||Thomas Herbert Langford|
|Thames||Albert Samuel||464||John Sommerville Montgomerie|
|Timaru||Clyde Carr||820||Herbert N. Armstrong|
|Waikato||Frederick Lye||981||Solomon Netheim Ziman|
|Waimarino||Frank Langstone||591||William Henry Wackrow|
|Waipawa||Albert Jull||386||John Davies Ormond, Jr.|
|Wairarapa||Thomas McDonald||Alexander McLeod||616||Thomas McDonald|
|Wairau||Edward Healy||1,424||William Girling|
|Waitaki||John Bitchener||885||Alexander McLean Paterson|
|Waitemata||Alexander Harris||2,378||Arthur Osborne|
|Wallace||Adam Hamilton||2,842||Peter Gilfedder|
|Wanganui||Bill Veitch||590||Bill Rogers|
|Wellington Central||Peter Fraser||2,471||Robert Darroch|
|Wellington East||Bob Semple||593||Thomas Forsyth|
|Wellington North||Charles Henry Chapman||1,061||George Troup|
|Wellington South||Robert McKeen||2,659||Will Appleton|
|Wellington Suburbs||Robert Alexander Wright||2,570||Tom Brindle|
|Westland||James O'Brien||1,121||John Greenslade|
|Eastern Maori||Āpirana Ngata||3,211||Pita Moko|
|Northern Maori||Taurekareka Henare||1,188||Paraire Karaka Paikea|
|Southern Maori||Tuiti Makitanara||19||Eruera Tirikatene|
|Western Maori||Taite Te Tomo||1,436||Toko Ratana|
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