Last updated
Millennium: 2nd millennium
1938 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1938
Ab urbe condita 2691
Armenian calendar 1387
Assyrian calendar 6688
Baháʼí calendar 94–95
Balinese saka calendar 1859–1860
Bengali calendar 1345
Berber calendar 2888
British Regnal year 2  Geo. 6   3  Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar 2482
Burmese calendar 1300
Byzantine calendar 7446–7447
Chinese calendar 丁丑年 (Fire  Ox)
4635 or 4428
戊寅年 (Earth  Tiger)
4636 or 4429
Coptic calendar 1654–1655
Discordian calendar 3104
Ethiopian calendar 1930–1931
Hebrew calendar 5698–5699
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1994–1995
 - Shaka Samvat 1859–1860
 - Kali Yuga 5038–5039
Holocene calendar 11938
Igbo calendar 938–939
Iranian calendar 1316–1317
Islamic calendar 1356–1357
Japanese calendar Shōwa 13
Javanese calendar 1868–1869
Juche calendar 27
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4271
Minguo calendar ROC 27
Nanakshahi calendar 470
Thai solar calendar 2480–2481
Tibetan calendar 阴火牛年
(female Fire-Ox)
2064 or 1683 or 911
(male Earth-Tiger)
2065 or 1684 or 912

1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1938th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 938th year of the 2nd millennium, the 38th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1930s decade.




January 20: King Farouk Kingfarouk1948.jpg
January 20: King Farouk
January 16: Benny Goodman in New York City BennyGoodmanStageDoorCanteen.jpg
January 16: Benny Goodman in New York City
January 27: The Honeymoon Bridge, Niagara, collapses under ice. Niagara Falls, New York from Skylon Tower.jpg
January 27: The Honeymoon Bridge, Niagara, collapses under ice.



March 4: First commercial oil discovery in Saudi Arabia at Dammam No. 7 Dammam No. 7 on March 4, 1938.jpg
March 4: First commercial oil discovery in Saudi Arabia at Dammam No. 7









November 9-10: Night of Broken Glass. The day after Kristallnacht.jpg
November 9-10: Night of Broken Glass.


Date unknown


January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December


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King Juan Carlos I of Spain
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Etta James
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Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands
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István Szabó


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Ricardo Lagos Escobar
Alpha Conde Alpha Conde - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012.jpg
Alpha Condé
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Kofi Annan
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Claudia Cardinale


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King Moshoeshoe II
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Giuliano Amato
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Princess Désirée


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Diana Rigg
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Natalie Wood
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Alberto Fujimori
Leonid Kuchma Leonid Kuchma.jpg
Leonid Kuchma
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Kenny Rogers
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Paul Martin


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Wim Kok
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Farah Diba
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Derek Jacobi
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Christopher Lloyd


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Queen Sofía of Spain
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Benjamin Mkapa
Ted Turner Ted Turner.jpg
Ted Turner
Jon Voight Jon Voight 2012.jpg
Jon Voight

Date unknown



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Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark
Andreas Michalakopoulos Andreas Michalakopoulos 1927.jpg
Andreas Michalakopoulos


Edmund Landau Edmund Landau.jpg
Edmund Landau


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Cevat Çobanlı
Lidia Charskaya Lidiia Charskaia.jpg
Lidia Charskaya
Lakshminath Bezbaroa Laksminath Bezbaruah.jpg
Lakshminath Bezbaroa


Patriarch Khoren I of Armenia Khoren I of Armenia.jpg
Patriarch Khoren I of Armenia
Cesar Vallejo Cesar vallejo 1929 RestauradabyJohnManuel.jpg
César Vallejo


Carl von Ossietzky Carl von Ossietzky.jpg
Carl von Ossietzky
Cao Kun Cao Kun.jpg
Cao Kun


Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Kirchner 1919 portrait.jpg
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Edith Anne Stoney Edith Anne Stoney.jpg
Edith Anne Stoney
Maria Obligado de Soto y Calvo Maria Obligado.jpg
María Obligado de Soto y Calvo


Queen Marie of Romania Queen Mary of Romania 2.jpg
Queen Marie of Romania


Robert Johnson TombstoneRobert Johnson.jpg
Robert Johnson


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Blessed Maria Teresa of St. Joseph
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Aurelio Giorni
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Silouan the Athonite
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Paul Olaf Bodding


Alexandru Averescu Le general Averescu, commandant du 1er corps d'armee roumain.jpg
Alexandru Averescu
Jose Luis Tejada Sorzano Tejada s-6d1d4-ea69a-33ed0.jpg
José Luis Tejada Sorzano
Saint Faustina Kowalska 200px-Faustina.jpg
Saint Faustina Kowalska
Ernst Barlach ErnstBarlachYoung.jpg
Ernst Barlach


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Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Kaarlo Castren Kaarlo Castren.jpg
Kaarlo Castren


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Annie Armstrong

Nobel Prizes

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Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Neville Chamberlain</span> Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1937 to 1940

Arthur Neville Chamberlain was a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 1937 to May 1940 and Leader of the Conservative Party from May 1937 to October 1940. He is best known for his foreign policy of appeasement, and in particular for his signing of the Munich Agreement on 30 September 1938, ceding the German-speaking Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia to Nazi Germany led by Adolf Hitler. Following the German invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939, which marked the beginning of the Second World War, Chamberlain announced the declaration of war on Germany two days later and led the United Kingdom through the first eight months of the war until his resignation as prime minister on 10 May 1940.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1939</span> Calendar year

1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1939th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 939th year of the 2nd millennium, the 39th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1930s decade.

1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1937th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 937th year of the 2nd millennium, the 37th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1930s decade.

1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1940th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 940th year of the 2nd millennium, the 40th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1940s decade.

1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1932nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 932nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 32nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1930s decade.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Munich Agreement</span> 1938 cession of German-speaking Czechoslovakia to Nazi Germany

The Munich Agreement was an agreement concluded at Munich on 30 September 1938, by Nazi Germany, the United Kingdom, the French Republic, and Fascist Italy. The agreement provided for the German annexation of part of Czechoslovakia called the Sudetenland, where more than three million people, mainly ethnic Germans, lived. The pact is also known in some areas as the Munich Betrayal, because of a previous 1924 alliance agreement and a 1925 military pact between France and the Czechoslovak Republic.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jan Masaryk</span> Czechoslovak diplomat and politician (1886–1948)

Jan Garrigue Masaryk was a Czech diplomat and politician who served as the Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia from 1940 to 1948. American journalist John Gunther described Masaryk as "a brave, honest, turbulent, and impulsive man".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Appeasement</span> Diplomatic policy to avoid conflict

Appeasement, in an international context, is a diplomatic policy of making political, material, or territorial concessions to an aggressive power to avoid conflict. The term is most often applied to the foreign policy of the British governments of Prime Ministers Ramsay MacDonald, Stanley Baldwin and Neville Chamberlain towards Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy between 1935 and 1939. Under British pressure, appeasement of Nazism and Fascism also played a role in French foreign policy of the period but was always much less popular there than in the United Kingdom.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Édouard Daladier</span> French radical socialist politician

Édouard Daladier was a French Radical-Socialist (centre-left) politician, and the Prime Minister of France who signed the Munich Agreement before the outbreak of World War II.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Occupation of Czechoslovakia (1938–1945)</span> Period of Czechoslovak history

The military occupation of Czechoslovakia by Nazi Germany began with the German annexation of the Sudetenland in 1938, continued with the creation of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, and by the end of 1944 extended to all parts of Czechoslovakia.

Events from the year 1938 in the United Kingdom.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Zdeněk Fierlinger</span>

Zdeněk Fierlinger was a Czechoslovak diplomat and politician. He served as the prime minister of Czechoslovakia from 1944 to 1946, first in the London-based Czechoslovak government-in-exile and then in liberated Czechoslovakia. Long close to the Soviet Union, he has his name often associated with the merger of his Czech Social Democratic Party with the Czechoslovak Communist Party after the communist coup in 1948.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Edvard Beneš</span> Czechoslovak politician (1884–1948)

Edvard Beneš was a Czech politician and statesman who served as the president of Czechoslovakia from 1935 to 1938, and again from 1939 to 1948. During the first six years of his second stint, he led the Czechoslovak government-in-exile during World War II.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vojtěch Mastný</span> Czechoslovak diplomat (1874–1954)

Vojtěch Mastný was a Czechoslovak diplomat.

Events in the year 1938 in Germany.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Godesberg Memorandum</span> Document issued by Adolf Hitler

The Godesberg Memorandum is a document issued by Adolf Hitler in the early hours of 24 September 1938 concerning the Sudetenland and amounting to an ultimatum addressed to the government of Czechoslovakia.

A Total and Unmitigated Defeat was a speech by Winston Churchill in the House of Commons at Westminster on Wednesday, 5 October 1938, the third day of the Munich Agreement debate. Signed five days earlier by Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, the agreement met the demands of Nazi Germany in respect of the Czechoslovak region of Sudetenland.

The following events occurred in September 1938:

The following events occurred in October 1938:

The Carlsbad Programme was an eight-point series of demands, addressed to the government of Czechoslovakia, issued by Konrad Henlein, the leader of the Sudeten German Party (SdP), at a party gathering in Carlsbad on 24 April 1938.The programme demanded full autonomy for the mainly German-inhabited areas of Czechoslovakia, known as the Sudetenland. Under pressure from its allies, Britain and France, the Czechoslovak government reluctantly accepted the demands. But the SdP, instructed by Nazi Germany not to reach a settlement with the Czechoslovak authorities, broke off negotiations, thus precipitating the Munich crisis.


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