1938

Last updated
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1938 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1938
MCMXXXVIII
Ab urbe condita 2691
Armenian calendar 1387
ԹՎ ՌՅՁԷ
Assyrian calendar 6688
Baháʼí calendar 94–95
Balinese saka calendar 1859–1860
Bengali calendar 1345
Berber calendar 2888
British Regnal year 2  Geo. 6   3  Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar 2482
Burmese calendar 1300
Byzantine calendar 7446–7447
Chinese calendar 丁丑年 (Fire  Ox)
4634 or 4574
     to 
戊寅年 (Earth  Tiger)
4635 or 4575
Coptic calendar 1654–1655
Discordian calendar 3104
Ethiopian calendar 1930–1931
Hebrew calendar 5698–5699
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1994–1995
 - Shaka Samvat 1859–1860
 - Kali Yuga 5038–5039
Holocene calendar 11938
Igbo calendar 938–939
Iranian calendar 1316–1317
Islamic calendar 1356–1357
Japanese calendar Shōwa 13
(昭和13年)
Javanese calendar 1868–1869
Juche calendar 27
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4271
Minguo calendar ROC 27
民國27年
Nanakshahi calendar 470
Thai solar calendar 2480–2481
Tibetan calendar 阴火牛年
(female Fire-Ox)
2064 or 1683 or 911
     to 
阳土虎年
(male Earth-Tiger)
2065 or 1684 or 912

1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1938th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 938th year of the 2nd millennium, the 38th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1930s decade.

Contents


Events

January

January 20: King Farouk Kingfarouk1948.jpg
January 20: King Farouk
January 16: Benny Goodman in New York City BennyGoodmanStageDoorCanteen.jpg
January 16: Benny Goodman in New York City
January 27: The Honeymoon Bridge, Niagara, collapses under ice. Niagara Falls, New York from Skylon Tower.jpg
January 27: The Honeymoon Bridge, Niagara, collapses under ice.

February

March

March 4: Oil discovery in Saudi Arabia Dammam No. 7 on March 4, 1938.jpg
March 4: Oil discovery in Saudi Arabia

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

November 9-10: Night of Broken Glass. The day after Kristallnacht.jpg
November 9-10: Night of Broken Glass.

December

Date unknown

Births

Births
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January–February

King Juan Carlos I of Spain Rey Juan Carlos 2013.jpg
King Juan Carlos I of Spain
Etta James Etta James.jpg
Etta James
Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands Prinses Beatrix.jpg
Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands
Istvan Szabo SzaboIstvan1.jpg
István Szabó

March–April

Ricardo Lagos Escobar Ricardo Lagos 2015.jpg
Ricardo Lagos Escobar
Alpha Conde Alpha Conde - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012.jpg
Alpha Condé
Kofi Annan Kofi Annan 2012 (cropped).jpg
Kofi Annan
Claudia Cardinale Claudia Cardinale, Women's World Awards 2009 b.jpg
Claudia Cardinale

May–June

King Moshoeshoe II Moshoeshoe II van Lesotho.jpg
King Moshoeshoe II
Giuliano Amato Giuliano Amato - Festival Economia 2013.JPG
Giuliano Amato
Princess Desiree Prinsessan Desiree (cropped).jpg
Princess Désirée

July–August

Diana Rigg Diana Rigg 1973 Cropped.jpg
Diana Rigg
Natalie Wood Natalie Wood publicity 1963.jpg
Natalie Wood
Leonid Kuchma Leonid Kuchma.jpg
Leonid Kuchma
Kenny Rogers KennyRogers0042-rededit.jpg
Kenny Rogers
Paul Martin Paul Martin in 2011 crop.jpg
Paul Martin

September–October

Wim Kok Wim Kok 1994.jpg
Wim Kok
Farah Diba Shahbanu of Iran.jpg
Farah Diba
Christopher Lloyd Christopher Lloyd May 2015.jpg
Christopher Lloyd

November–December

Queen Sofia of Spain Spain.QueenSofia.01.jpg
Queen Sofía of Spain
Benjamin Mkapa Benjamin Mkapa 2010-05-07.jpg
Benjamin Mkapa
Ted Turner Ted Turner.jpg
Ted Turner
Jon Voight Jon Voight 2012.jpg
Jon Voight

Date unknown

Deaths

January

Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark.jpg
Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark
Andreas Michalakopoulos Andreas Michalakopoulos 1927.jpg
Andreas Michalakopoulos

February

Edmund Landau Edmund Landau.jpg
Edmund Landau

March

Cevat Cobanli Cevat Pasha.jpg
Cevat Çobanlı
Lidia Charskaya Lidiia Charskaia.jpg
Lidia Charskaya
Lakshminath Bezbaroa Laksminath Bezbaruah.jpg
Lakshminath Bezbaroa

April

Patriarch Khoren I of Armenia Khoren I of Armenia.jpg
Patriarch Khoren I of Armenia
Cesar Vallejo Cesar vallejo 1929 RestauradabyJohnManuel.jpg
César Vallejo

May

Carl von Ossietzky Carl von Ossietzky.jpg
Carl von Ossietzky
Cao Kun Cao Kun.jpg
Cao Kun

June

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Kirchner 1919 portrait.jpg
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Edith Anne Stoney Edith Anne Stoney.jpg
Edith Anne Stoney
Maria Obligado de Soto y Calvo Maria Obligado.jpg
María Obligado de Soto y Calvo

July

Queen Marie of Romania Queen Mary of Romania 2.jpg
Queen Marie of Romania
Franz I, Prince of Liechtenstein Franz I von Liechtenstein.jpg
Franz I, Prince of Liechtenstein

August

Robert Johnson TombstoneRobert Johnson.jpg
Robert Johnson

September

Blessed Maria Teresa of St. Joseph Mariat.jpg
Blessed Maria Teresa of St. Joseph
Aurelio Giorni Aurelio Giorni.jpg
Aurelio Giorni
Silouan the Athonite Siluan Afonskii. 1930-e.jpg
Silouan the Athonite
Paul Olaf Bodding Portrait of Paul Olaf Bodding (1865-1938).jpg
Paul Olaf Bodding

October

Alexandru Averescu Le general Averescu, commandant du 1er corps d'armee roumain.jpg
Alexandru Averescu
Jose Luis Tejada Sorzano Tejada s-6d1d4-ea69a-33ed0.jpg
José Luis Tejada Sorzano
Saint Faustina Kowalska 200px-Faustina.jpg
Saint Faustina Kowalska
Ernst Barlach ErnstBarlachYoung.jpg
Ernst Barlach

November

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.png
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Kaarlo Castren Kaarlo Castren.jpg
Kaarlo Castren

December

Annie Armstrong AnnieWalkerArmstrong.jpg
Annie Armstrong

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Neville Chamberlain</span> Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1937 to 1940

Arthur Neville Chamberlain was a British politician of the Conservative Party who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from May 1937 to May 1940. He is best known for his foreign policy of appeasement, and in particular for his signing of the Munich Agreement on 30 September 1938, ceding the German-speaking Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia to Nazi Germany led by Adolf Hitler. Following the German invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939, which marked the beginning of the Second World War, Chamberlain announced the declaration of war on Germany two days later and led the United Kingdom through the first eight months of the war until his resignation as prime minister on 10 May 1940.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1939</span> Calendar year

1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1939th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 939th year of the 2nd millennium, the 39th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1930s decade.

1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1936th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 936th year of the 2nd millennium, the 36th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1930s decade.

1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1937th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 937th year of the 2nd millennium, the 37th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1930s decade.

1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1940th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 940th year of the 2nd millennium, the 40th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1940s decade.

1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1932nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 932nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 32nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1930s decade.

1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1933rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 933rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 33rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1930s decade.

1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1934th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 934th year of the 2nd millennium, the 34th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1930s decade.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Munich Agreement</span> 1938 cession of German-speaking Czechoslovakia to Nazi Germany

The Munich Agreement was an agreement concluded at Munich on 30 September 1938, by Germany, the United Kingdom, France, and Italy. It provided "cession to Germany of the Sudeten German territory" of Czechoslovakia, despite the existence of a 1924 alliance agreement and 1925 military pact between France and the Czechoslovak Republic, for which it is also known as the Munich Betrayal. Most of Europe celebrated the Munich agreement, which was presented as a way to prevent a major war on the continent. The four powers agreed to the German annexation of the Czechoslovak borderland areas named the Sudetenland, where more than three million people, mainly ethnic Germans, lived. Adolf Hitler announced that it was his last territorial claim in Northern Europe.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jan Masaryk</span> Czechoslovak diplomat and politician (1886–1948)

Jan Garrigue Masaryk was a Czech diplomat and politician who served as the Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia from 1940 to 1948. American journalist John Gunther described Masaryk as "a brave, honest, turbulent, and impulsive man".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Appeasement</span> Diplomatic policy to avoid conflict

Appeasement in an international context is a diplomatic policy of making political, material, or territorial concessions to an aggressive power in order to avoid conflict. The term is most often applied to the foreign policy of the UK governments of Prime Ministers Ramsay MacDonald, Stanley Baldwin and Neville Chamberlain towards Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy between 1935 and 1939. Under British pressure, appeasement of Nazism and Fascism also played a role in French foreign policy of the period, but was always much less popular than in the United Kingdom.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Occupation of Czechoslovakia (1938–1945)</span> Period of Czechoslovak history from 1938 to 1945

The military occupation of Czechoslovakia by Nazi Germany began with the German annexation of the Sudetenland in 1938, continued with the creation of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, and by the end of 1944 extended to all parts of Czechoslovakia.

Events from the year 1938 in the United Kingdom.

1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1950th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 950th year of the 2nd millennium, the 50th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1950s decade.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Edvard Beneš</span> 20th-century Czechoslovak politician

Edvard Beneš was a Czech politician and statesman who served as the president of Czechoslovakia from 1935 to 1938, and again from 1945 to 1948. He also led the Czechoslovak government-in-exile 1939 to 1945 during World War II.

Events in the year 1938 in Germany.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Godesberg Memorandum</span>

The Godesberg Memorandum is a document issued by Adolf Hitler in the early hours of 24 September 1938 concerning the Sudetenland and amounting to an ultimatum addressed to the government of Czechoslovakia.

A Total and Unmitigated Defeat was a speech by Winston Churchill in the House of Commons at Westminster on Wednesday, 5 October 1938, the third day of the Munich Agreement debate. Signed five days earlier by Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, the agreement met the demands of Nazi Germany in respect of the Czechoslovak region of Sudetenland.

The following events occurred in September 1938:

The following events occurred in October 1938:

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