1938

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1938 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1938
MCMXXXVIII
Ab urbe condita 2691
Armenian calendar 1387
ԹՎ ՌՅՁԷ
Assyrian calendar 6688
Bahá'í calendar 94–95
Balinese saka calendar 1859–1860
Bengali calendar 1345
Berber calendar 2888
British Regnal year 2  Geo. 6   3  Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar 2482
Burmese calendar 1300
Byzantine calendar 7446–7447
Chinese calendar 丁丑(Fire  Ox)
4634 or 4574
     to 
戊寅年 (Earth  Tiger)
4635 or 4575
Coptic calendar 1654–1655
Discordian calendar 3104
Ethiopian calendar 1930–1931
Hebrew calendar 5698–5699
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1994–1995
 - Shaka Samvat 1859–1860
 - Kali Yuga 5038–5039
Holocene calendar 11938
Igbo calendar 938–939
Iranian calendar 1316–1317
Islamic calendar 1356–1357
Japanese calendar Shōwa 13
(昭和13年)
Javanese calendar 1868–1869
Juche calendar 27
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4271
Minguo calendar ROC 27
民國27年
Nanakshahi calendar 470
Thai solar calendar 2480–2481
Tibetan calendar 阴火牛年
(female Fire-Ox)
2064 or 1683 or 911
     to 
阳土虎年
(male Earth-Tiger)
2065 or 1684 or 912

1938 ( MCMXXXVIII ) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar , the 1938th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 938th year of the 2nd millennium , the 38th year of the 20th century , and the 9th year of the 1930s decade.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year that begins on Saturday, 1 January, and ends on Saturday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is B. The most recent year of such kind was 2011 and the next one will be 2022 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2017 and 2023 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in May. Leap years starting on Friday share this characteristic.

Contents

Events

January

January 20: King Farouk Kingfarouk1948.jpg
January 20: King Farouk
January 16: Benny Goodman in New York City BennyGoodmanStageDoorCanteen.jpg
January 16: Benny Goodman in New York City

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year. This day is known as New Year's Day since the day marks the beginning of the year. It is also the first day of the first quarter of the year and the first half of the year.

Estonia Republic in Northern Europe

Estonia, officially the Republic of Estonia, is a country in Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland with Finland on the other side, to the west by the Baltic Sea with Sweden on the other side, to the south by Latvia (343 km), and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia (338.6 km). The territory of Estonia consists of a mainland and 2,222 islands in the Baltic Sea, covering a total area of 45,227 km2 (17,462 sq mi), water 2,839 km2 (1,096 sq mi), land area 42,388 km2 (16,366 sq mi), and is influenced by a humid continental climate. The official language of the country, Estonian, is the third most spoken Finno-Ugric language.

The Era of Silence was the period between 1934 and 1938 or 1940 in Estonian history. The period began with the preemptive coup of 12 March 1934, which Prime Minister Konstantin Päts carried out to avert a feared takeover of the state apparatus by the Vaps Movement. The term "Era of Silence" was introduced by Kaarel Eenpalu, Prime Minister in 1938-39 and a strong supporter of Päts, Estonia's President during that period.

January 27: Niagara Bridge collapses in ice. Niagara Falls, New York from Skylon Tower.jpg
January 27: Niagara Bridge collapses in ice.

February

February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 330 days remaining until the end of the year.

Adolf Hitler Leader of Germany from 1934 to 1945

Adolf Hitler was a German politician and leader of the Nazi Party. He rose to power as Chancellor of Germany in 1933 and later Führer in 1934. During his dictatorship from 1933 to 1945, he initiated World War II in Europe by invading Poland in September 1939. He was closely involved in military operations throughout the war and was central to the perpetration of the Holocaust.

<i>Oberkommando der Wehrmacht</i> 1938–1945 supreme combined high command of Germanys armed forces

The Oberkommando der Wehrmacht was the High Command of the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II. Created in 1938, the OKW had nominal oversight over the Heer (Army), the Kriegsmarine (Navy), and the Luftwaffe.

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

November 9-10: Night of Broken Glass. The day after Kristallnacht.jpg
November 9-10: Night of Broken Glass.

December

Date unknown

Births

January

Frank Langella Frank Langella Deauville 2012.jpg
Frank Langella
King Juan Carlos I of Spain Rey Juan Carlos 2013.jpg
King Juan Carlos I of Spain
Morihiro Hosokawa Morihiro Hosokawa cropped 1 Morihiro Hosokawa 19930927.jpg
Morihiro Hosokawa
Curt Flood Curt Flood 58-69.JPG
Curt Flood
Etta James Etta James.jpg
Etta James
Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands Prinses Beatrix.jpg
Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands

February

Oliver Reed Oliver Reed 1968.jpg
Oliver Reed
Istvan Szabo SzaboIstvan1.jpg
István Szabó
Phil Knight Philknightfootball.jpg
Phil Knight

March

Tufuga Efi Tupua Tamasese Tupuola Tufuga Efi 00.jpg
Tufuga Efi
Ricardo Lagos Escobar Ricardo Lagos 2015.jpg
Ricardo Lagos Escobar
Rudolf Nureyev Nureyev Allan Warren.jpg
Rudolf Nureyev
Anthony James Leggett Nobel Laureate Sir Anthony James Leggett in 2007.jpg
Anthony James Leggett

April

Jerry Brown Edmund G Brown Jr.jpg
Jerry Brown
Kofi Annan Kofi Annan 2012 (cropped).jpg
Kofi Annan
Claudia Cardinale Claudia Cardinale, Women's World Awards 2009 b.jpg
Claudia Cardinale
Giovanni Benvenuti Nino Benvenuti.jpg
Giovanni Benvenuti

May

King Moshoeshoe II Moshoeshoe II van Lesotho.jpg
King Moshoeshoe II
Giuliano Amato Giuliano Amato - Festival Economia 2013.JPG
Giuliano Amato

June

Billy Mills BillyMills cropped.jpg
Billy Mills

July

Bill Withers Bill Withers 1976.JPG
Bill Withers
Brian Dennehy BrianDennehyJul2009.jpg
Brian Dennehy
Natalie Wood Natalie Wood publicity 1963.jpg
Natalie Wood
Alberto Fujimori Al Fujimori.jpg
Alberto Fujimori
Michael Bell Michael Bell 2015.jpg
Michael Bell

August

Leonid Kuchma Kuchmaukraine.jpg
Leonid Kuchma
Kenny Rogers KennyRogers0042-rededit.jpg
Kenny Rogers
Paul Martin Paul Martin in 2011 crop.jpg
Paul Martin
Elliott Gould Elliott Gould - 1986.jpg
Elliott Gould
Robert Rubin Pr4262ls-treasury-rubin.jpg
Robert Rubin

September

Alan Dershowitz Alan dershowitz 2009 retouched cropped.jpg
Alan Dershowitz
Wim Kok Wim Kok 1994.jpg
Wim Kok

October

Eddie Cochran Eddie Cochran.jpg
Eddie Cochran
Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Pedro Pablo Kuczynski 2016 (cropped).jpg
Pedro Pablo Kuczynski
Farah Diba Shahbanu of Iran.jpg
Farah Diba
Fela Kuti Fela Kuti (cropped).jpg
Fela Kuti
Evel Knievel At Home With Evel Knievel.jpg
Evel Knievel
Christopher Lloyd Christopher Lloyd May 2015.jpg
Christopher Lloyd
John Heinz John Heinz.jpg
John Heinz
Ralph Bakshi RalphBakshiJan09.jpg
Ralph Bakshi

November

Queen Sofia of Spain Spain.QueenSofia.01.jpg
Queen Sofía of Spain
Terrance McNally Terrence McNally.jpg
Terrance McNally
Jean Seberg Camorra Jean Seberg.png
Jean Seberg
Ted Turner Ted Turner LF.JPG
Ted Turner

December

Connie Francis Connie Francis 1961.JPG
Connie Francis
Jon Voight Jon Voight 2012.jpg
Jon Voight

Date unknown

Deaths

January

February

Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark.jpg
Prince Nicholas of Greece and Denmark

March

Andreas Michalakopoulos Andreas Michalakopoulos 1927.jpg
Andreas Michalakopoulos
Cevat Cobanli Cevat Pasha.jpg
Cevat Çobanlı
Lakshminath Bezbaroa Laksminath Bezbaruah.jpg
Lakshminath Bezbaroa

April

Patriarch Khoren I of Armenia Khoren I of Armenia.jpg
Patriarch Khoren I of Armenia
Cesar Vallejo Cesar vallejo 1929 RestauradabyJohnManuel.jpg
César Vallejo

May

Carl von Ossietzky Carl von Ossietzky.jpg
Carl von Ossietzky
Cao Kun Cao Kun.jpg
Cao Kun

June

James Weldon Johnson Jamesweldonjohnson.jpg
James Weldon Johnson
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Kirchner 1919 portrait.jpg
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Edith Anne Stoney Edith Anne Stoney.jpg
Edith Anne Stoney
Maria Obligado de Soto y Calvo Maria Obligado.jpg
María Obligado de Soto y Calvo

July

Franz I, Prince of Liechtenstein Franz I von Liechtenstein.jpg
Franz I, Prince of Liechtenstein

August

Peter David Edstrom Peter David Edstrom 1922.jpg
Peter David Edstrom

September

Reverend Andrew Breen A.E. Breen Portrait.png
Reverend Andrew Breen
Blessed Maria Teresa of St. Joseph Mariat.jpg
Blessed Maria Teresa of St. Joseph
Aurelio Giorni Aurelio Giorni.jpg
Aurelio Giorni
Silouan the Athonite Siluan Afonskii. 1930-e.jpg
Silouan the Athonite
Paul Olaf Bodding Portrait of Paul Olaf Bodding (1865-1938).jpg
Paul Olaf Bodding

October

Alexandru Averescu Le general Averescu, commandant du 1er corps d'armee roumain.jpg
Alexandru Averescu
Jose Luis Tejada Sorzano Tejada s-6d1d4-ea69a-33ed0.jpg
José Luis Tejada Sorzano
Saint Faustina Kowalska 200px-Faustina.jpg
Saint Faustina Kowalska
Ernst Barlach ErnstBarlachYoung.jpg
Ernst Barlach

November

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk Ataturk mirror.png
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Kaarlo Castren Kaarlo Castren.jpg
Kaarlo Castren

December

Annie Armstrong AnnieWalkerArmstrong.jpg
Annie Armstrong

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

1952 Year

1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1952nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 952nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1950s decade.

1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1951st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 951st year of the 2nd millennium, the 51st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1950s decade.

1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1957th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 957th year of the 2nd millennium, the 57th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1950s decade.

1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1931st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 931st year of the 2nd millennium, the 31st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1930s decade.

1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1948th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 948th year of the 2nd millennium, the 48th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1940s decade.

1939 Year

1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1939th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 939th year of the 2nd millennium, the 39th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1930s decade. This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.

1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1941st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 941st year of the 2nd millennium, the 41st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1940s decade.

1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1956th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 956th year of the 2nd millennium, the 56th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1950s decade.

1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1936th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 936th year of the 2nd millennium, the 36th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1930s decade.

1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1940th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 940th year of the 2nd millennium, the 40th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1940s decade.

1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1921st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 921st year of the 2nd millennium, the 21st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1921, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1933rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 933rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 33rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1930s decade.

1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1953rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 953rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 53rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1950s decade.

1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1930th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 930th year of the 2nd millennium, the 30th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1930s decade.

1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1935th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 935th year of the 2nd millennium, the 35th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1930s decade.

1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1934th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 934th year of the 2nd millennium, the 34th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1930s decade.

Munich Agreement 1938 cession of German-speaking Czechoslovakia to the Nazis

The Munich Agreement or Munich Betrayal was an agreement concluded at Munich, September 29, 1938, by Germany, Great Britain, France and Italy. It provided "cession to Germany of the Sudeten German territory" of Czechoslovakia. Most of Europe celebrated because it prevented the war threatened by Adolf Hitler by allowing Nazi Germany's annexation of the Sudetenland, a region of western Czechoslovakia inhabited by 800,000 people, mainly German speakers. Hitler announced it was his last territorial claim in Europe, and the choice seemed to be between war and appeasement.

1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1950th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 950th year of the 2nd millennium, the 50th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1950s decade.

Events in the year 1938 in Germany.

The following events occurred in September 1938:

References

  1. "Nederlandse Spoorwegen". 2011-06-12. Retrieved 2011-12-27.
  2. "Daily Pilot - Serving Newport Beach & Costa Mesa, California". Archived from the original on May 20, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18.
  3. Bowers, Q. David (2007). A Guide Book of Buffalo and Jefferson Nickels. Atlanta, Ga.: Whitman Publishing. ISBN   978-0-7948-2008-4.
  4. 1 2 Nazi Germany and the Jews: 1938 – “The Fateful Year” on the Yad Vashem website
  5. It Came From Within... 71 Years Since Kristallnacht - Online exhibition from Yad Vashem, including survivor testimonies, archival footage, photos and stories.
  6. Albert Hofmann; translated from the original German (LSD Ganz Persönlich) by J. Ott. MAPS-Volume 6, Number 69, Summer 1969.
  7. Ives, Herbert E.; Stilwell, G. R. (1938). "An Experimental Study of the Rate of a Moving Atomic Clock". Journal of the Optical Society of America . 28 (7): 215–19. Bibcode:1938JOSA...28..215I. doi:10.1364/JOSA.28.000215 . Retrieved 2011-09-23.