|Host city||Sydney, Australia|
|Opening ceremony||5 February|
|Closing ceremony||12 February|
|Officially opened by||John Loder, 2nd Baron Wakehurst|
|Main venue||Sydney Cricket Ground|
The 1938 British Empire Games was the third British Empire Games, the event that evolved to become the Commonwealth Games. Held in Sydney, Australia from 5–12 February 1938, they were timed to coincide with Sydney's sesqui-centenary (150 years since the foundation of British settlement in Australia). Venues included the Sydney Cricket Ground (the main stadium), the Sydney Sports Ground, North Sydney Olympic Pool and Henson Park. An estimated 40,000 people attended the opening ceremony. A competitors' residential village was established within the grounds of the Sydney Showground.
The star of the games was the Australian athlete Decima Norman, who won five gold medals in track and field. Margaret Dovey, later married to Australian prime minister Gough Whitlam, finished sixth in the 220 yards breaststroke.
Due to the onset of World War II, the games were not held again until 1950.
Host nation (Australia)
|4||South Africa (SAF)||10||10||6||26|
|5||New Zealand (NZL)||5||7||13||25|
|9||British Guiana (BGU)||0||1||0||1|
|10||Southern Rhodesia (SRH)||0||0||2||2|
|Totals (10 nations)||71||71||71||213|
|Flyweight||Johnny Joubert (SAF)||Joe Gagnon (CAN)||Hugh Cameron (SCO)|
|Bantamweight||William Butler (ENG)||Hendrik Knoesen (SAF)||Jack Dillon (AUS)|
|Featherweight||Barney Henricus (CEY)||James Watson (SCO)||Kenneth Moran (NZL)|
|Lightweight||Harry Groves (ENG)||Harry Hurst (CAN)||William Fulton (RHO)|
|Welterweight||Bill Smith (AUS)||Arthur Heeney (NZL)||Andrew Tsirindonis (RHO)|
|Middleweight||Denis Reardon (WAL)||Maurice Dennis (ENG)||Rex Carey (CAN)|
|Light heavyweight||Nick Wolmarans (SAF)||Cecil Overell (AUS)||Joseph Wilby (ENG)|
|Heavyweight||Thomas Osborne (CAN)||Claude Sterley (SAF)||Leslie Harley (AUS)|
|Time Trial||Bob Porter (AUS)||1:15.2||Tasman Johnson (AUS)||1:15.7||Ernest Mills (ENG)||1:15.9|
|Sprint 1000 yd||Dunc Gray (AUS)||Bob Porter (AUS)||George Giles (NZL)|
|10-mile Scratch||William Maxfield (ENG)||24:44.0||Ray Hicks (ENG)||Syd Rose (SAF)|
|Road Race||Hennie Binneman (SAF)||2'53:29.6||John Brown (NZL)||s.t.||Ray Jones (ENG)||s.t.|
|3 m springboard||Ron Masters (AUS)||126.36||Doug Tomalin (ENG)||124.78||George Athans (CAN)||117.90|
|10 m platform||Doug Tomalin (ENG)||108.74||Ron Masters (AUS)||102.87||George Athans (CAN)||98.93|
|3 m springboard||Irene Donnett (AUS)||91.18||Lynda Adams (CAN)||88.27||Marie Sharkey (CAN)||81.66|
|10 m platform||Lurline Hook (AUS)||36.47||Lynda Adams (CAN)||36.39||Irene Donnett (AUS)||34.57|
All events were for men only. The double sculls competition was an invitation event and originally no medals were awarded nevertheless these medals were counted nowadays. The bronze medal is listed as won by New Zealand.
|Single sculls||Herb Turner (AUS)||8:24||Peter Jackson (ENG)||Robert Smith (NZL)|
|Double sculls|| Cecil Pearce |
and William Bradley (AUS)
|7:29.4|| Jack Offer |
and Dick Offer (ENG)
| Gus Jackson |
and Robert Smith (NZL)
|Coxed four|| Australia |
|7:16.8|| New Zealand |
|+1.25 lgths|| Canada |
|Eights|| England |
J. Tim Turner
William Reeve (cox)
|6:29|| Australia |
Frank le Souef
|+0.75 lgths|| New Zealand |
|110 yd freestyle||Bob Pirie (CAN)||59.6||Terry Collard (SAF)||60.8||William Fleming (AUS)||61.0|
|440 yd freestyle||Bob Pirie (CAN)||4:54.6||Bob Leivers (ENG)||4:55.4||Robin Biddulph (AUS)||4:55.5|
|1650 yd freestyle||Bob Leivers (ENG)||19:46.4||Bob Pirie (CAN)||19:59.2||Norman Wainwright (ENG)||20:17.4|
|110 yd backstroke||Percy Oliver (AUS)||01:07.9||Gordon Kerr (CAN)||1:09.0||Micky Taylor (ENG)||1:09.3|
|220 yd breaststroke||John Davies (ENG)||2:51.9||Walter Spence (BGU)||3:00.5||Jimmy Prentice (CAN)||3:00.8|
|4×220 yd freestyle relay|| England |
|9:19.0|| Canada |
|9:20.2|| Australia |
|3×110 yd medley relay|| England |
|3:28.2|| Canada |
|3:30.5|| Australia |
|110 yd freestyle||Evelyn de Lacy (AUS)||1:10.1||Dorothy Green (AUS)||1:11.1||Dorothy Lyon (CAN)||1:12.1|
|440 yd freestyle||Dorothy Green (AUS)||5:39.7||Margaret Jeffery (ENG)||5:40.2||Mona Leydon (NZL)||5:42.0|
|110 yd backstroke||Pat Norton (AUS)||1:19.5||Jeanne Greenland (WAL)||1:22.5||Margot Hamilton (SCO)||1:23.2|
|220 yd breaststroke||Doris Storey (ENG)||3:06.3||Carla Gerke (SAF)||3:12.1||Joan Langdon (CAN)||3:22.2|
|4×110 yd freestyle relay|| Canada |
|4:48.3|| Australia |
Evelyn de Lacy
|4:49.0|| England |
|3×110 yd medley relay|| England |
|3:57.7|| South Africa |
|4:07.5|| Australia |
Evelyn de Lacy
All events were for men only.
|Bantamweight||Ted Purcell (AUS)||Vernon Blake (CAN)||Ray Cazaux (ENG)|
|Featherweight||Roy Purchase (AUS)||Larry Clarke (CAN)||Joe Genet (NZL)|
|Lightweight||Dick Garrard (AUS)||Vernon Thomas (NZL)||Alfred Harding (SAF)|
|Welterweight||Tom Trevaskis (AUS)||Felix Stander (SAF)||Jeremiah Podjursky (NZL)|
|Middleweight||Terry Evans (CAN)||Peter Sheasby (SAF)||Leslie Jeffers (ENG)|
|Light heavyweight||Eddie Scarf (AUS)||Sidney Greenspan (SAF)||Thomas Ward (SCO)|
|Heavyweight||Jack Knight (AUS)||Jim Dryden (NZL)||John Whelan (CAN)|
The Commonwealth Games is an international multi-sport event involving athletes from the Commonwealth of Nations. The event was first held in 1930, and, with the exception of 1942 and 1946, has taken place every four years since then. The Commonwealth Games were known as the British Empire Games from 1930 to 1950, the British Empire and Commonwealth Games from 1954 to 1966, and British Commonwealth Games from 1970 to 1974. Athletes with a disability are also included as full members of their national teams, making the Commonwealth Games the first fully inclusive international multi-sport event. It is also the world's first multi-sport event which inducts equal number of women's and men's medal events and was implemented recently in the 2018 Commonwealth Games. With such unique features, the World Economic Forum called the event inspiring and significant.
The 1930 British Empire Games were the inaugural edition of what now is known as the Commonwealth Games, and were held in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada from 16–23 August 1930.
The 1934 British Empire Games were the second edition of what is now known as the Commonwealth Games, held in England, from 4–11 August 1934. The host city was London, with the main venue at Wembley Park, although the track cycling events were in Manchester. Seventeen national teams took part, including the Irish Free State.
The 1950 British Empire Games was the fourth staging of what is now called the Commonwealth Games. It was held in Auckland, New Zealand between 4 and 11 February 1950, after a 12-year gap from the third edition of the games. The main venue was Eden Park, although the closing ceremonies were held at Western Springs Stadium, see New Zealand at the 1950 British Empire Games. The fourth games were originally awarded to Montreal, Quebec, Canada and were to be held in 1942 but were cancelled due to World War II.
The 2006 Commonwealth Games, officially the XVIII Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Melbourne 2006, was an international multi-sport event for members of the Commonwealth held in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia between 15 and 26 March 2006. It was the fourth time Australia had hosted the Commonwealth Games. It was also the largest sporting event to be staged in Melbourne, eclipsing the 1956 Summer Olympics in terms of the number of teams competing, athletes competing, and events being held.
The 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games were held in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, from 30 July to 7 August 1954. These were the first games since the name change from British Empire Games took effect in 1952.
The 1958 British Empire and Commonwealth Games were held in Cardiff, Wales, from 18–26 July 1958.
The 1982 Commonwealth Games were held in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia from 30 September to 9 October 1982. The Opening Ceremony was held at the QEII Stadium, in the Brisbane suburb of Nathan. The QEII Stadium was also the venue which was used for the athletics and archery competitions during the Games. Other events were held at the purpose-built Sleeman Sports Complex in Chandler.
The Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF), currently branded as Commonwealth Sport, is the international organisation responsible for the direction and control of the Commonwealth Games and Commonwealth Youth Games, and is governing body of the Commonwealth Games Associations (CGA). The headquarters of CGF are located in London, England.
Australia first competed at the Games, then titled the British Empire Games, in 1930; and is one of only six countries to have sent athletes to every Commonwealth Games. The others are Canada, England, New Zealand, Scotland, and Wales. Australian athletes competed for Australasia at the 1911 Festival of the Empire, the forerunner to the British Empire Games.
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Clara Decima Hamilton (née Norman), MBE was an Australian athlete. She was the only Australian woman who won five gold medals at the 1938 British Empire Games.
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Tonga competed in the 2011 Commonwealth Youth Games held in the British Crown Dependency of Isle of Man from 7 to 13 September 2011. Their participation marked their second Commonwealth Youth Games appearance. The delegation of Tonga consisted of three officials and four competitors participating in three different sports— athletics, boxing and swimming. This was a decrease in the number of athletes from the nation's last appearance at the Games, when nine athletes were sent to the 2008 Commonwealth Youth Games in Pune. Heamasi Sekona won a bronze in the light heavyweight class of boxing without winning a single bout. Sekona was the only medalist from Tongan side. None of the rest three athletes advanced past the qualifying stages, and thus did not win any medals. Katiloka ranked eighth overall in the qualifying round for triple jump; middleweight boxer, Pomale, lost to Cody Crowley of Canada in his first round match. Additionally, Prescott ranked 18th and 13th in the heat rounds of 50 m and 100 m backstroke events respectively. Sekona's was the first medal for Tonga in the history of the Games.
The Commonwealth Paraplegic Games were an international, multi-sport event involving athletes with a disability from the Commonwealth countries. The event was sometimes referred to as the Paraplegic Empire Games and British Commonwealth Paraplegic Games. Athletes were generally those with spinal injuries or polio. The Games were an important milestone in the Paralympic sports movement as they began the decline of the Stoke Mandeville Games' dominating influence. The event was first held in 1962 and disestablished in 1974. The Games were held in the country hosting the Commonwealth Games for able-bodied athletes.
George Burleigh (1914–1984) was a Canadian swimmer. He won gold at the Commonwealth Games in 1930 and 1934. and held Canadian freestyle swimming records in the 1930s.
The fourth Commonwealth Paraplegic Games were held in Dunedin, New Zealand from 13 to 19 January 1974. The Games were opened by Sir Denis Blundell, Governor General of New Zealand.
Commonwealth Games Australia (CGA) is the Commonwealth Games Association for Australia, and is responsible for representing and promoting the Commonwealth Sport movement in the country, and organises the participation of athletes at the Commonwealth Games and Commonwealth Youth Games. The Commonwealth Games have been held in Australia five times, most recently the 2018 Commonwealth Games were held on the Gold Coast, Queensland.
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| British Empire Games |
III British Empire Games