1939

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1939 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1939
MCMXXXIX
Ab urbe condita 2692
Armenian calendar 1388
ԹՎ ՌՅՁԸ
Assyrian calendar 6689
Bahá'í calendar 95–96
Balinese saka calendar 1860–1861
Bengali calendar 1346
Berber calendar 2889
British Regnal year 3  Geo. 6   4  Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar 2483
Burmese calendar 1301
Byzantine calendar 7447–7448
Chinese calendar 戊寅(Earth  Tiger)
4635 or 4575
     to 
己卯年 (Earth  Rabbit)
4636 or 4576
Coptic calendar 1655–1656
Discordian calendar 3105
Ethiopian calendar 1931–1932
Hebrew calendar 5699–5700
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1995–1996
 - Shaka Samvat 1860–1861
 - Kali Yuga 5039–5040
Holocene calendar 11939
Igbo calendar 939–940
Iranian calendar 1317–1318
Islamic calendar 1357–1358
Japanese calendar Shōwa 14
(昭和14年)
Javanese calendar 1869–1870
Juche calendar 28
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4272
Minguo calendar ROC 28
民國28年
Nanakshahi calendar 471
Thai solar calendar 2481–2482
Tibetan calendar 阳土虎年
(male Earth-Tiger)
2065 or 1684 or 912
     to 
阴土兔年
(female Earth-Rabbit)
2066 or 1685 or 913
The year 1939 Herd St Post Office (4420435469).jpg
The year 1939

1939 ( MCMXXXIX ) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar , the 1939th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 939th year of the 2nd millennium , the 39th year of the 20th century , and the 10th and last year of the 1930s decade. This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year that begins on Sunday, 1 January, and ends on Sunday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is A. The most recent year of such kind was 2017 and the next one will be 2023 in the Gregorian calendar, or, likewise, 2018 and 2029 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year contains two Friday the 13ths in January and October.

Contents

Events

Below, events of World War II have the WWII prefix.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

January

Further Information: January 1939

January 3 is the third day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 362 days remaining until the end of the year. Perihelion, the point during the year when the Earth is closest to the Sun, occurs around this date.

EFE news agency

Agencia EFE, S.A. is a Spanish international news agency, the major multimedia news agency in Spanish language and the world's fourth largest wire service after the Associated Press, Reuters, and Agence France-Presse. EFE was created in 1939 by Ramón Serrano Súñer, then Spain's Interior Minister.

News agency organization that gathers news reports and sells them to subscribing news organizations

A news agency is an organization that gathers news reports and sells them to subscribing news organizations, such as newspapers, magazines and radio and television broadcasters. A news agency may also be referred to as a wire service, newswire, or news service.

February

Further Information: February 1939

February 21: Golden Gate International Exposition opens. Alyssamcpherson.jpg
February 21: Golden Gate International Exposition opens.

February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 332 days remaining until the end of the year.

Anti-Comintern Pact pact

The Anti-Comintern Pact was an anti-Communist pact concluded between Germany and Japan on November 25, 1936, and was directed against the Communist International (Comintern).

... recognizing that the aim of the Communist International, known as the Comintern, is to disintegrate and subdue existing States by all the means at its command; convinced that the toleration of interference by the Communist International in the internal affairs of the nations not only endangers their internal peace and social well‑being, but is also a menace to the peace of the world desirous of co‑operating in the defense against Communist subversive activities ...

February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 328 days remaining until the end of the year.

March

Further Information: March 1939

April

Further Information: April 1939

May

Further Information: May 1939

June

Further Information: June 1939

June 24: Siam is renamed "Thailand". Phutthamonthon Buddha.gif
June 24: Siam is renamed "Thailand".

July

Further Information: July 1939

August

Further Information: August 1939

September

Further Information: September 1939

September 1: Wielun destroyed by Luftwaffe bombing. Zniszczenia1939 0.jpg
September 1: Wieluń destroyed by Luftwaffe bombing.
Common parade of Wehrmacht and Red Army in Brest at the end of the Invasion of Poland. At the center Major General Heinz Guderian and Brigadier Semyon Krivoshein. Armia Czerwona, Wehrmacht 22.09.1939 wspolna parada.jpg
Common parade of Wehrmacht and Red Army in Brest at the end of the Invasion of Poland. At the center Major General Heinz Guderian and Brigadier Semyon Krivoshein.
September: Siege of Warsaw. Polish kid in the ruins of Warsaw September 1939.jpg
September: Siege of Warsaw.

October

Further Information: October 1939

November

Further Information: November 1939

November 6: Hedda Hopper Hedda-Hopper-1929.jpg
November 6: Hedda Hopper

December

Further Information: December 1939

Date unknown

Births

Births
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

Ali Mahdi Muhammad Ali4th.jpg
Ali Mahdi Muhammad
David Horowitz David Horowitz by Gage Skidmore.jpg
David Horowitz
Bill Toomey Bill Toomey 1968.jpg
Bill Toomey
Abdullah Ensour Abdullah Ensour 2014.jpg
Abdullah Ensour
Alfredo Palacio Alfredo Palacio (cropped).jpg
Alfredo Palacio

February

Karl-Ake Asph Karl-Ake Asph Lidingoloppet 1967.jpg
Karl-Ake Asph
Mike Farrell Mike Farrell (2008).jpg
Mike Farrell
Ray Manzarek Ray Manzarek in Jan 2007 cropped.jpg
Ray Manzarek
Andrew Peacock Andrew Peacock.jpg
Andrew Peacock

March

Neil Sedaka Neil Sedaka - publicity.JPG
Neil Sedaka
Brian Mulroney Mulroney 2011.JPG
Brian Mulroney
Volker Schlondorff Volker Schloendorff Lodz Poland November29 2009 Fot Mariusz Kubik 05.jpg
Volker Schlöndorff

April

Marvin Gaye Marvin Gaye (1973).png
Marvin Gaye
Paul Sorvino Paul Sorvino Shankbone 2010 NYC.jpg
Paul Sorvino
Jaime Paz Zamora Jaime Paz Zamora.jpg
Jaime Paz Zamora
Dusty Springfield Dusty Springfield (1966)b.png
Dusty Springfield
Ali Khamenei Ali Khamenei crop.jpg
Ali Khamenei
Joao Bernardo Vieira Joao Bernardo Vieira.jpg
João Bernardo Vieira

May

Judy Collins Judycollins 20090205.jpg
Judy Collins
Ruud Lubbers Ruud Lubbers 1985.jpg
Ruud Lubbers
Harvey Keitel Harvey Keitel VF 2012 Shankbone.JPG
Harvey Keitel
Sir Ian McKellen SDCC13 - Ian McKellen.jpg
Sir Ian McKellen

June

Joe Clark JoeClark.jpg
Joe Clark
Lou Brock Newloubrockprofile.jpg
Lou Brock
Osvaldo Hurtado Osvaldo Hurtado Larrea (cropped).jpg
Osvaldo Hurtado

July

Anibal Cavaco Silva Visita de Estado do Presidente Pena Nieto a Portugal (2014-06-05) - Assinatura do Livro de Honra (cropped).png
Aníbal Cavaco Silva
Mavis Staples Mavis Staples.jpg
Mavis Staples
Denise LaSalle Denise-LaSalle-2009-Monterey.jpg
Denise LaSalle
Milva Milva in Pistoia 31-01-09 06.JPG
Milva
John Howard Image-Howard2003upr.JPG
John Howard
Susan Flannery Susan Flannery 39th Daytime Emmy Awards.jpg
Susan Flannery

August

John W. Snow John W. Snow.jpg
John W. Snow
Princess Irene of the Netherlands Prinses-irene-okt15-s.jpg
Princess Irene of the Netherlands
Romano Prodi Romano Prodi 2016 crop.jpg
Romano Prodi
Billy Joe Shaver Billy Joe Shaver.JPG
Billy Joe Shaver

September

Lily Tomlin Lily Tomlin 2014.jpg
Lily Tomlin
George Lazenby GeorgeLazenby11.14.08ByLuigiNovi.jpg
George Lazenby
Guntis Ulmanis Flickr - Saeima - 10.Saeimas deputats Guntis Ulmanis.jpg
Guntis Ulmanis
Jorge Sampaio Jorge Sampaio 3.jpg
Jorge Sampaio

October

Ralph Lauren Ralph Lauren 2013.jpg
Ralph Lauren
Joaquim Chissano Joaquim Chissano (cropped).jpg
Joaquim Chissano
F. Murray Abraham F Murray.Abraham cropped.jpg
F. Murray Abraham
John Cleese John Cleese 2008 bigger crop.jpg
John Cleese

November

Emil Constantinescu Emil Constantinescu.jpg
Emil Constantinescu
Tina Turner Tina turner 21021985 01 350.jpg
Tina Turner

December

Harry Reid Harry Reid official portrait 2009.jpg
Harry Reid
John Amos John Amos 2011.jpg
John Amos

Deaths

January

Prince Valdemar of Denmark Prince Valdemar of Denmark (1858 - 1939).jpg
Prince Valdemar of Denmark
W. B. Yeats Yeats Boughton.jpg
W. B. Yeats

February

Venerable Janez Francisek Gnidovec Janez Francisek Gnidovec.jpg
Venerable Janez Frančišek Gnidovec
Pope Pius XI Papst Pius XI. 1JS.jpg
Pope Pius XI
Henri Jaspar Henri Jaspar.jpg
Henri Jaspar

March

Howard Carter Howard carter.jpg
Howard Carter
Patriarch Miron of Romania Miron Cristia patriach of Romania.JPG
Patriarch Miron of Romania
Carlos Manuel de Cespedes y Quesada Carlos Manuel de Cespedes y Quesada circa 1914.jpg
Carlos Manuel de Cespedes y Quesada

April

King Ghazi of Iraq Ghazi3.jpg
King Ghazi of Iraq
Joseph Lyons Joseph Lyons.jpg
Joseph Lyons

May

Bautista Saavedra SAAVEDRA B.jpg
Bautista Saavedra
Saint Ursula Ledochowska Ursula Leduhovskaya in 1907.jpg
Saint Ursula Ledóchowska

June

Jean Boucher Jean Boucher 1921.jpg
Jean Boucher

July

King Malietoa Tanumafili I Malietoa Tanumafili I.jpg
King Malietoa Tanumafili I
Carlo Galimberti Carlo Galimberti.JPG
Carlo Galimberti
Louis Wain Louis Wain - Lascelles.png
Louis Wain

August

German Busch Busch german.jpg
German Busch
Eliodoro Villazon Eliodoro Villazon.jpg
Eliodoro Villazón

September

Armand Calinescu Armand Calinescu.jpg
Armand Calinescu
Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud, by Max Halberstadt (cropped).jpg
Sigmund Freud
Carl Laemmle CarlLaemmle.jpg
Carl Laemmle
Prince Joachim Albert of Prussia Prince Joachim Albrecht of Prussia, ca 1904.jpg
Prince Joachim Albert of Prussia

October

Albrecht, Duke of Wurttemberg AlbrechtHerzogWurttemberg.jpg
Albrecht, Duke of Wurttemberg

November

Kalman Daranyi Bundesarchiv Bild 183-E05367A, Johann von Daranyi.jpg
Kálmán Darányi
Aurelio Mosquera Aurelio mosquera narvaez.JPG
Aurelio Mosquera
James Naismith James Naismith with a basketball.jpg
James Naismith
Philipp Scheidemann Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1979-122-29A, Philipp Scheidemann.jpg
Philipp Scheidemann

December

Douglas Fairbanks Douglas Fairbanks Sr. - Private Life of Don Juan.jpg
Douglas Fairbanks

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

1952 Year

1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1952nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 952nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1950s decade.

1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1951st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 951st year of the 2nd millennium, the 51st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1950s decade.

1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1957th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 957th year of the 2nd millennium, the 57th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1950s decade.

1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1944th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 944th year of the 2nd millennium, the 44th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1940s decade.

1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1945th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 945th year of the 2nd millennium, the 45th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1940s decade. This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.

1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1942nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 942nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 42nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1940s decade.

1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1943rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 943rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 43rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1940s decade.

1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1946th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 946th year of the 2nd millennium, the 46th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1940s decade.

1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1941st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 941st year of the 2nd millennium, the 41st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1940s decade.

1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1956th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 956th year of the 2nd millennium, the 56th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1950s decade.

1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1966th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 966th year of the 2nd millennium, the 66th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1960s decade.

1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1940th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 940th year of the 2nd millennium, the 40th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1940s decade.

1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1921st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 921st year of the 2nd millennium, the 21st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1921, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1970th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 970th year of the 2nd millennium, the 70th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1970s decade.

1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1953rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 953rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 53rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1950s decade.

1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1930th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 930th year of the 2nd millennium, the 30th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1930s decade.

1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1934th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 934th year of the 2nd millennium, the 34th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1930s decade.

1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1954th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 954th year of the 2nd millennium, the 54th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1950s decade.

1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1938th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 938th year of the 2nd millennium, the 38th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1930s decade.

1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1950th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 950th year of the 2nd millennium, the 50th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1950s decade.

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