1940 Last updated January 18, 2019 Events
Below, the events of
World War II have the "WWII" prefix. March March 2 – Cartoon character Elmer Fudd makes his debut, in the animated short . Elmer's Candid Camera March 3 – In Luleå, Sweden, a time bomb destroys the office of Swedish communist newspaper . Norrskensflamman March 5 – Katyn massacre: Members of the Soviet Politburo ( Joseph Stalin, Vyacheslav Molotov, Lazar Kaganovich, Mikhail Kalinin, Kliment Voroshilov and Lavrentiy Beria) sign an order, prepared by Beria, for the execution of 25,700 Polish intelligentsia, including 14,700 Polish POWs. March 11 – Ed Ricketts, John Steinbeck and six others leave Monterey, California for the Gulf of California, on a collecting expedition. March 12 – The Soviet Union and Finland sign a peace treaty in Moscow, ending the Winter War; Finns, along with the world at large, are shocked by the harsh terms. March 18 – WWII: Axis powers: Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet at Brenner Pass in the Alps. After being informed by Hitler that the Germans are ready to attack in the west, Mussolini agrees to bring Italy into the war in due course. March 21 – Édouard Daladier resigns as prime minister of France; Paul Reynaud succeeds him. March 23 March 30 – WWII: Former Kuomintang member and Chinese foreign minister, Wang Jingwei, announces the creation of the Reorganized National Government of the Republic of China in Nanjing. March 31 – WWII: Commerce raiding German auxiliary cruiser leaves the Atlantis Wadden Sea, for what will become the longest warship cruise of the war. (622 days without in-port replenishment or repair).  April April – Robin the Boy Wonder, Batman's trusted sidekick, makes his debut in #38. Detective Comics April 3 – WWII: Operation : German ships set out for the Weserübung invasion of Norway. April 4 – Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, in what proves to be a tragic misjudgment, declares in a major public speech that Hitler has "missed the bus". April 7 – Booker T. Washington becomes the first African American to be depicted on a United States postage stamp. April 8 – WWII: Operation Wilfred: The British fleet lays naval mines off the coast of neutral Norway. April 9 – WWII: Germany invades the neutral countries of Denmark and Norway in Operation , opening the Weserübung Norwegian Campaign. The British Royal Navy attempts to attack elements of the German fleet off Norway. Vidkun Quisling proclaims a new collaborationist regime in Norway. The German invasion of Denmark lasts for about six hours, before that country capitulates. April 10 – WWII: First Naval Battle of Narvik: The British Royal Navy attacks the German fleet in the Ofotfjord. At Bergen, German cruiser is sunk by British Königsberg Fleet Air Arm Blackburn Skua dive bombers, flying from RNAS Hatston in Orkney. April 12 April 13 April 14 – Norwegian Campaign: The first British ground forces land in Norway, at Namsos and Harstad. April 16 – In American baseball, the Cleveland Indians, behind Bob Feller's Opening Day no-hitter, defeat the Chicago White Sox, 1-0. April 21 – makes its debut on Take It or Leave It CBS Radio in the United States, with Bob Hawk as host. April 23 – The Rhythm Club fire at a dance hall in Natchez, Mississippi, kills 198. May May 10: Winston Churchill May 13 – WWII: May 13– 14 – Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands and her government are evacuated to London, using the British destroyer HMS. Hereward May 14 – WWII: May 15 May 16 – President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt, addressing a joint session of the U.S. Congress, asks for an extraordinary credit of approximately $900 million, to finance construction of at least 50,000 airplanes per year. May 17 – WWII: May 18 – Marshal Philippe Pétain is named vice-premier of France. May 19 – General Maxime Weygand replaces Maurice Gamelin as commander-in-chief of all French forces. May 20 May 22 – WWII: The Parliament of the United Kingdom passes the Emergency Powers (Defence) Act 1939, giving the government full control over all persons and property. May 24 – WWII: The Anglo-French Supreme War Council decides to withdraw all forces under its control from Norway. May 25 - The Crypt of Civilization time capsule is sealed shut, with a protected opening date of 8113 CE. May 26 May 27 – WWII: Le Paradis massacre: 97 retreating British soldiers of the Royal Norfolk Regiment are executed by German troops of 3rd SS Panzer Division , after surrendering in France. Totenkopf May 28 – WWII: May 29 – The Vought XF4U-1, prototype of the F4U Corsair U.S. fighter later used in WWII, makes its first flight. July July 1 – The first Tacoma Narrows Bridge opens for business, built with an 8-foot (2.4 m) girder and 190 feet (58 m) above the water, as the third longest suspension bridge in the world. July 2 – WWII: British-owned SS, carrying Arandora Star civilian internees and POWs of Italian and German origin from Liverpool to Canada, is torpedoed and sunk by German submarine German submarine off northwest Ireland, with the loss of around 865 lives. U-47 July 3 – WWII: Attack on Mers-el-Kébir: British naval units sink or seize ships of the French fleet anchored in the Algerian ports of Mers-el-Kebir and Oran, to prevent them from falling into German hands. The following day, Vichy France breaks off diplomatic relations with Britain. July 6 July 10 – WWII: The Battle of Britain begins. July 11 July 14 – WWII: Winston Churchill, in a worldwide broadcast, proclaims the intention of Great Britain to fight alone against Germany whatever the outcome: "We shall seek no terms. We shall tolerate no parley. We may show mercy. We shall ask none." July 15 – U.S. politics: The Democratic Party begins its national convention in Chicago, and nominates Franklin D. Roosevelt for an unprecedented third term as president. July 19 July 21 July 23 – Welles Declaration: United States Under Secretary of State Sumner Welles announces that the U.S. will not accord diplomatic recognition to the Soviet Union's occupation of the Baltic states. July 25 – General Henri Guisan addresses the officer corps of the Swiss army at Rütli, resolving to resist any invasion of the country. July 27 – Bugs Bunny makes his debut in the Oscar-nominated cartoon short, . However, it is not until 1941 that his name is adopted. A Wild Hare August August 1 – WWII: British submarine HMS is sunk in the English Channel, by what is much later discovered to be a mine. Spearfish August 3 – The Lithuanian SSR is annexed into the Soviet Union, followed by the Latvian SSR on August 5 and the Estonian SSR August 6, just seven weeks after their occupation. August 3– 19 – WWII: The Italian conquest of British Somaliland is completed. August 4 – Gen. John J. Pershing, in a nationwide radio broadcast, urges all-out aid to Britain in order to defend the Americas, while Charles Lindbergh speaks to an isolationist rally at Soldier Field in Chicago. August 8 – WWII: German general Wilhelm Keitel signs the " Aufbau Ost" directive, which eventually leads to the invasion of the Soviet Union. August 10 – WWII: British armed merchant cruiser HMS is torpedoed off Transylvania Malin Head, Ireland, by German submarine . U-56 August 13 – WWII: The ("Eagle Day") strike on southern England occurs, starting the rapid escalation of the Adlertag Battle of Britain air offensive of the against Luftwaffe RAF Fighter Command. August 15 – Italy, without having declared war on Greece, sinks the Greek boat Elli (Έλλη). August 18 August 20 August 21 – Leon Trotsky dies of the injuries he has sustained. August 24 – Howard Florey, and a team including Ernst Chain and Norman Heatley, at the Sir William Dunn School of Pathology, University of Oxford, publish their laboratory results showing the bactericidal action of in vivo penicillin. They have also purified the drug.   August 25 – WWII: The first Bombing of Berlin is carried out, by the British Royal Air Force. August 26 – WWII: Chad is the first French colony to proclaim its support for the Allies. August 30 – Second Vienna Award: Germany and Italy compel Romania to cede half of Transylvania to Hungary. September September – The U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division (previously a National Guard Division in Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Oklahoma), is activated and ordered into federal service for 1 year, to engage in a training program in Ft. Sill and Louisiana, prior to serving in WWII. September 2 – WWII: The Destroyers for Bases Agreement between the United States and Great Britain is announced, to the effect that 50 U.S. destroyers needed for escort work will be transferred to Great Britain. In return, the United States gains 99-year leases on British bases in the North Atlantic, West Indies and Bermuda. September 4 – WWII: In Berlin, Adolf Hitler declares in a speech that Nazi Germany will avenge all night air raids carried out by Great Britain. September 5 – WWII: Commerce raiding German auxiliary cruiser enters the Pacific Ocean via the Komet Bering Strait, after crossing the Arctic Ocean from the North Sea, with the help of Soviet icebreakers Lenin, Stalin, and Kaganovich.  September 6 - King Carol II of Romania abdicates, and is succeeded by his son Michael. September 7 September 9– 16 – WWII: The Italian invasion of Egypt comences from Libya, progressing only as far as Sidi Barrani. September 9 September 12 September 14 – Ip massacre: The Hungarian Army, supported by local Hungarians, kill 158 Romanian civilians in Ip, Sălaj, a village in Northern Transylvania, as part of attempts at ethnic cleansing. September 16 – WWII: The Selective Training and Service Act of 1940 is signed into law by Franklin D. Roosevelt, creating the first peacetime draft in U.S. history. September 17– 18 – WWII: SS is City of Benares torpedoed by German submarine in the Atlantic, with the loss of 248 of the 406 on board, including child evacuees bound for Canada. This results in cancellation of the British U-48 Children's Overseas Reception Board's plan to relocate children overseas. September 21 – Australian federal election, 1940: Robert Menzies' UAP/ Country Coalition Government is re-elected as a minority government, narrowly defeating the Labor Party led by John Curtin. It is the last federal election to result in a minority government until 2010. September 22 – Japan enters French Indochina: An agreement is signed in which Japan promises to station no more than 6,000 troops there, and never have more than 25,000 transiting the colony. Rights are also given for 3 airfields. September 25 – Occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany: German Reichskommissar Josef Terboven appoints a provisional council of state from the pro-Nazi Nasjonal Samling party, under Vidkun Quisling, as a puppet government for Norway. September 26 – A group of Japanese officers, in violation of an agreement signed 4 days earlier with French Indochina, take Đồng Đăng and Lam Sơn, with 40 Franco-Vietnamese troops killed and around 1,000 deserting. The same day the United States imposes a total embargo on all scrap metal shipments to Japan. September 27 – WWII: Germany, Italy and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact. September 30 (night to 1 October) – Arsonists from the Hitler Youth destroy the Great Synagogue of Strasbourg. October October 1 – The first section of the Pennsylvania Turnpike, the United States' first long-distance controlled-access highway, is opened. October 11 – Portuguese-born performer Carmen Miranda makes her American film debut in , one of the first films produced to promote the Down Argentine Way Good Neighbor policy. October 14 – The Balham tube station disaster in London, England, occurs during the Nazi Luftwaffe air raids on Great Britain. October 15 – Charlie Chaplin releases his controversial wartime satire , nine months after the Stooges' The Great Dictator You Nazty Spy!. October 16 The draft registration of approximately 16 million men begins in the United States. Nazi Governor-General Hans Frank establishes the Warsaw Ghetto. October 18– 19 – WWII: Thirty-two ships are sunk from Convoy SC 7 and Convoy HX 79 by the most effective " wolfpack" of the war, including U-boat aces Kretschmer, Prien and Schepke. October 26– 28 – WWII: RMS, serving as a Empress of Britain troopship under the British flag, is bombed, torpedoed and sunk off the Donegal coast, with the loss of 45 lives. At 42,348 GRT, she is the war's largest merchant ship loss. October 28 – WWII: Italian troops invade Greece, meeting strong resistance from Greek troops and civilians. This action signals the beginning of the Balkan Campaign. October 29 – The Selective Service System lottery is held in Washington, D.C.. November November – In Cambodia, the Khmer Issarak is formed to overthrow the French Army within the nation. November 2– 8 – WWII ( Greco-Italian War): Battle of Elaia–Kalamas in Epirus: Outnumbered Greek forces repel the Italian Army. November 2 – German submarine is commissioned, the first U-69 Type VIIC U-boat of Nazi Germany's , which will become its most numerous class, with 568 commissioned during the War. Kriegsmarine November 5 – United States presidential election, 1940: Democrat incumbent Franklin D. Roosevelt defeats Republican challenger Wendell Willkie, and becomes the United States' first and only third-term president. November 6 – Agatha Christie's mystery novel is published in book form, in the United States. And Then There Were None November 7 – In Tacoma, Washington, the 600-foot (180 m)-long center span of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge (known as Galloping Gertie) collapses. November 8 – WWII: MS is sunk by a naval mine off City of Rayville Cape Otway, Australia (the first United States Merchant Marine loss of the war). November 9 – Joaquín Rodrigo's premieres in Concierto de Aranjuez Barcelona, Spain. November 10 – 1940 Vrancea earthquake: An earthquake in Romania kills 1,000. November 11 November 13 – Walt Disney's is released. It is the first box office failure for Disney, though it eventually recoups its cost years later, and becomes one of the most highly regarded of Disney's films. Fantasia November 14 – WWII: Coventry Blitz: The city centre of Coventry, England is destroyed by 500 Luftwaffe bombers; 150,000 fire bombs, 503 tons of high explosives, and 130 parachute mines level 60,000 of the city's 75,000 buildings; 568 people are killed. November 15 – Abbott and Costello make their film debut, in . One Night in the Tropics November 16 November 18 – WWII: German leader Adolf Hitler and Italian Foreign Minister Galeazzo Ciano meet, to discuss Benito Mussolini's disastrous invasion of Greece. November 20 – WWII: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis powers. November 25 November 26– 27 – Jilava Massacre: In Romania, coup leader General Ion Antonescu's Iron Guard arrests and executes over 60 of exiled King Carol II of Romania's aides, starting at a penitentiary near Bucharest. Among the dead is former minister and acclaimed historian Nicolae Iorga. November 27 – WWII: Battle of Cape Spartivento: The British Royal Navy and Italian Regia Marina battle to a draw. December December – Timely Comics' Captain America Comics #1 (cover dated March 1941), first appearance of Captain America and Bucky, hits newsstands in the United States. December 1 – Manuel Ávila Camacho takes office, as President of Mexico. December 6 – British submarine HMS is sunk near Regulus Taranto. December 8 – The Chicago Bears, in what will become the most one-sided victory in National Football League history, defeat the Washington Redskins 73–0 in the 1940 NFL Championship Game. December 9 – WWII: Operation Compass – British forces in North Africa begin their first major offensive, with an attack on Italian forces at Sidi Barrani, Egypt. December 12 and December 15 – WWII: Sheffield Blitz ("Operation Crucible"): The Yorkshire city of Sheffield is badly damaged by German air-raids. December 14 December 16 – WWII: Operation Abigail Rachel: The RAF bombs Mannheim. December 17 – President Roosevelt, at his regular press conference, first sets forth the outline of his plan to send aid to Great Britain, that will become known as Lend-Lease. December 23 – WWII: Winston Churchill, in a broadcast address to the people of Italy, blames Benito Mussolini for leading his nation to war against the British, contrary to Italy's historic friendship with them: "One man has arrayed the trustees and inheritors of ancient Rome upon the side of the ferocious pagan barbarians." December 24 – Mahatma Gandhi, Indian spiritual non-violence leader, writes his second letter to Adolf Hitler, addressing him as "My friend", and requesting him to stop the war Germany had begun. December 29 December 30 Births January Brian Josephson Kipchoge Keino Tabaré Vázquez Jack Nicklaus John Hurt Joachim Gauck James Cromwell Carlos Slim January 2 January 3 – Leo de Berardinis, Italian stage actor, theatre director (d. 2008) January 4 January 6 – Penny Lernoux, American nun, author (d. 1989) January 9 – Miguel Ángel Rodríguez, Costa Rican politician, lawyer, economist, and businessman January 14 – Julian Bond, African-American civil rights activist (d. 2015) January 16 – Franz Müntefering, German politician January 17 January 18 January 19 January 20 – Carol Heiss, American figure skater January 21 January 22 – John Hurt, English actor (d. 2017) January 23 – Jimmy Castor, African-American funk, R&B, and soul saxophonist (d. 2012) January 24 – Joachim Gauck, German president January 27 – James Cromwell, American actor January 28 – Carlos Slim, Mexican businessman February George A. Romero H. R. Giger Willi Holdorf Smokey Robinson Peter Fonda Mario Andretti February 1 – Ajmer Singh, Indian athlete, educator (d. 2010) February 2 February 3 – Fran Tarkenton, American football player February 4 – George A. Romero, American film writer, director (d. 2017) February 5 – H. R. Giger, Swiss artist (d. 2014) February 6 February 7 – Tony Tan, 7th President of Singapore February 8 February 9 February 12 February 17 February 18 – Fabrizio De André, Italian singer, songwriter (d. 1999) February 19 – Smokey Robinson, African-American musician February 20 – Jimmy Greaves, English footballer February 21 February 22 February 23 – Peter Fonda, American actor ( ) Easy Rider February 24 February 25 February 27 – Howard Hesseman, American actor ( ) WKRP in Cincinnati February 28 March Raul Julia Chuck Norris James Caan Nancy Pelosi March 1 – Nuala O'Faolain, Irish journalist, author (d. 2008) March 3 March 6 – Willie Stargell, American baseball player (d. 2001) March 7 – Rudi Dutschke, German radical student leader (d. 1979) March 8 – Susan Clark, Canadian actress ( ) Webster March 9 – Raul Julia, Puerto Rican actor (d. 1994) March 10 March 12 – Al Jarreau, African-American singer (d. 2017) March 13 – Candi Staton, American singer March 15 – Phil Lesh, American musician March 16 March 17 – Mark White, Governor of Texas (d. 2017) March 21 – Solomon Burke, American singer, songwriter (d. 2010) March 20 – Paul Neville, Australian politician (d. 2019) March 22 – Haing S. Ngor, Cambodian actor ( ) (d. The Killing Fields 1996) March 25 March 26 March 29 April Julie Christie Margrethe II of Denmark Al Pacino April 1 – Wangari Maathai, Kenyan environmentalist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 2011) April 2 April 8 – John Havlicek, American basketball player April 12 April 13 – Max Mosley, British motorsport boss April 14 – Julie Christie, English actress April 15 April 16 – Queen Margrethe II of Denmark April 17 – Chuck Menville, American animator, writer (d. 1992) April 18 April 22 – Ray Griff, Canadian country music singer, songwriter (d. 2016) April 24 April 25 Al Pacino, American actor, film director Tristram Powell, English television director, film director, writer and producer April 26 – Giorgio Moroder, Italian film composer April 28 – P. J. Bradley, Northern Irish politician (d. 2017) May David Koch Ricky Nelson May 1 – Elsa Peretti, Italian jewelry designer May 2 May 3 – David Koch, American businessman, philanthropist and conservative political activist May 5 – Lance Henriksen, American actor, potter May 7 May 8 May 9 – James L. Brooks, American film producer, writer May 11 – Juan Downey, Chilean-born video artist (d. 1993) May 13 May 14 – 'H'. Jones, British soldier (VC recipient) (d. 1982) May 15 May 16 – Ole Ernst, Danish actor (d. 2013) May 17 May 18 – Lenny Lipton, American inventor May 20 May 22 – Bernard Shaw, African-American journalist and television news reporter May 24 – Joseph Brodsky, Russian-born poet, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1996) May 27 – Sotsha Dlamini, 5th Prime Minister of Swaziland (d. 2017) May 29 – Farooq Leghari, 8th President of Pakistan (d. 2010) June René Auberjonois Constantine II of Greece Tom Jones Nancy Sinatra John Mahoney June 1 June 2 – Constantine II of Greece June 4 – Ludwig Schwarz, Austrian prelate June 7 June 8 – Nancy Sinatra, American singer June 11 – Wayne Kemp, American country music singer (d. 2015) June 13 – Bobby Freeman, American singer, songwriter (d. 2017) June 16 June 17 June 19 – Paul Shane, English-born actor (d. 2013) June 20 – John Mahoney, English-born American actor (d. 2018) June 21 – Mariette Hartley, American actress June 22 June 23 June 24 Hope Cooke, American socialite, Queen Consort of Sikkim Augusto Fantozzi, Italian lawyer, tax expert, academic, businessman and politician Murali Mohan, Indian film actor, producer, politician and business executive Walter Ofonagoro, Nigerian scholar, politician and businessman Ian Ross, Australian newsreader (d. 2014) June 25 June 26 June 27 June 28 June 29 – Vyacheslav Artyomov, Russian composer June 30 Neelo, Indian actress Gil Gomes , Brazilian journalist, lawyer and broadcast police reporter (d. 2018) August Martin Sheen Stanley Johnson Jack Thompson August 1 – Ram Loevy, Israeli screenwriter, director August 3 – Martin Sheen, American actor, father of Charlie Sheen August 7 August 8 – Dilip Sardesai, former Indian cricketer (d. 2007) August 10 – Bobby Hatfield, American singer ( ) (d. The Righteous Brothers 2003) August 13 August 14 August 18 – Stanley Johnson, British politician, author August 19 – Jill St. John, American actress August 20 August 23 August 25 – José van Dam, Belgian bass-baritone August 27 August 29 August 31 September Pauline Collins Raquel Welch Brian De Palma Linda Gray Óscar Arias Michel Temer September 3 September 5 – Raquel Welch, American actress September 6 – Jackie Trent, English singer-songwriter, actress (d. 2015) September 7 September 10 – David Mann, American artist (d. 2004) September 11 September 12 September 13 – Óscar Arias, Costa Rican politician, twice President of Costa Rica, Nobel Peace Prize laureate September 14 September 15 – Abu Hassan Omar, Malaysian politician (d. 2018) September 18 – Frankie Avalon, American singer, actor September 20 – Tarō Asō, 59th Prime Minister of Japan September 23 September 24 – Michiko Suganuma, Urushi Japanese lacquer artist October John Lennon Cliff Richard Michael Gambon Pelé October 1 – Jean-Luc Bideau, Swiss actor October 3 – Alan O'Day, American singer, songwriter (d. 2013) October 4 – Ian Kiernan, Australian yachtsman (d. 2018) October 5 – Milena Dravić, Serbian actress (d. 2018) October 9 – John Lennon, English musician, singer ( ) (d. The Beatles 1980) October 11 – David McFadden, Canadian poet, fiction writer, and travel writer (d. 2018) October 13 – Pharoah Sanders, American saxophonist October 14 – Cliff Richard, British pop musician October 15 – Peter C. Doherty, Australian immunologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine October 16 – Ivan Della Mea, Italian singer-songwriter (d. 2009) October 17 – Peter Stringfellow, English businessman, nightclub owner (d. 2018) October 18 – Győző Kulcsár, Hungarian fencer (d. 2018) October 19 – Sir Michael Gambon, Irish actor October 20 – Robert Pinsky, United States Poet Laureate October 21 October 23 – Pelé, Brazilian footballer October 24 – Yossi Sarid, Israeli politician (d. 2015) October 25 – Bobby Knight, American basketball coach October 27 October 28 – Jack Shepherd, English actor October 30 – Hidetoshi Nagasawa, Japanese sculptor, architect (d. 2018) November Qaboos bin Said al Said Bruce Lee November 1 November 2 – Carolin Reiber, German television presenter November 4 – Václav Halama, Czech footballer, coach (d. 2017) November 5 – Jaime Roldós Aguilera, 33rd President of Ecuador (1979-1981) (d. 1981) November 15 November 17 – Luke Kelly, Irish ballad singer (d. 1984) November 18 – Qaboos bin Said al Said, Sultan of Oman November 20 – Helma Sanders-Brahms, German film director (d. 2014) November 21 November 22 November 23 – Rockin' Robin Roberts, American rock and roll singer (d. 1967) November 25 November 27 – Bruce Lee, Chinese-American martial artist, actor (d. 1973) November 29 – Chuck Mangione, American flugelhorn player December Richard Pryor Barbara Amiel Frank Zappa December 1 December 4 December 5 – Peter Pohl, Swedish writer December 7 – David Bamigboye, Nigerian military officer, politician (d. 2018) December 11 December 12 December 18 – Ilario Castagner, Italian football manager December 19 – Phil Ochs, American protest singer (d. 1976) December 20 – Pat Chapman, English author December 21 – Frank Zappa, American musician, composer, and satirist (d. 1993) December 22 – Noel Jones, British ambassador to Kazakhstan (d. 1995) December 23 December 24 – Janet Carroll, American actress, singer (d. 2012) December 25 – Alija Behmen, Bosnian politician (d. 2018) December 26 – Edward C. Prescott, American economist, Nobel Prize laureate December 29 – Fred Hansen, American Olympic athlete Deaths February Gunnar Höckert Michael Hainisch February – Zheng Pingru, Chinese spy (executed) (b. 1918) February 1 – Philip Francis Nowlan, American science fiction writer, creator of (b. Buck Rogers 1888) February 2 February 4 – Samuel M. Vauclain, American engineer (b. 1856) February 9 – William Edward Dodd, American historian, diplomat (b. 1869) February 11 February 26 – Michael Hainisch, 2nd President of Austria (b. 1858) February 27 – Peter Behrens, German architect, designer (b. 1868) February 29 – Edward Frederic Benson, English writer March Selma Lagerlöf Spyridon Louis March 1 – Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian writer (b. 1878) March 5 March 10 – Mikhail Bulgakov, Russian writer (b. 1891) March 11 – John Monk Saunders, American writer (b. 1897) March 16 – Selma Lagerlöf, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1858) March 20 – Alfred Ploetz, German physician, biologist, and eugenicist (b. 1860) March 21 – Violet Ann Bland, English Suffragette (b. 1863) March 23 – Dimitar Stanchov, 15th Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1863) March 26 – Spyridon Louis, Greek Olympic athlete (b. 1873) March 27 March 30 – George Egerton, British admiral (b. 1852) March 31 – Tinsley Lindley, English footballer (b. 1865) May Prince Wilhelm of Prussia Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse May 7 – George Lansbury, British Labour politician (b. 1859) May 11 – Chujiro Hayashi, Japanese Reiki Master (b. 1880) May 14 – Emma Goldman, Lithuanian-born anarchist (b. 1869) May 15 – Menno ter Braak, Dutch writer (b. 1902) May 19 – Diego Mazquiarán, Spanish matador (b. 1895) May 20 – Verner von Heidenstam, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1859) May 24 – Louis Fles, Dutch businessman, activist and author (b. 1872) May 25 – Joe De Grasse, Canadian film director (b. 1873) May 26 – Prince Wilhelm of Prussia (b. 1906) May 28 May 29 – Mary Anderson, American stage actress (b. 1859) June Arthur Harden Janusz Kusocinski Paul Klee June 1 – Jan F. E. Celliers, South African poet, writer and dramatist (b. 1865) June 7 June 10 June 11 – Alfred S. Alschuler, American architect (b. 1876) June 13 – George Fitzmaurice, American director (b. 1885) June 14 – Henry W. Antheil Jr., American diplomat (b. 1912) June 17 – Sir Arthur Harden, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1865) June 19 – Maurice Jaubert, French composer (b. 1900) June 20 – Charley Chase, American comedian (b. 1893) June 21 June 22 – Walter Hasenclever, German poet, playwright (b. 1890) June 28 – Italo Balbo, Italian Fascist leader (b. 1896) June 29 – Paul Klee, Swiss artist (b. 1879) August Leon Trotsky Paul Nipkow J. J. Thomson August 3 – Krishna Raja Wadiyar IV, Indian royal, Maharajah of Mysore (b. 1884) August 4 – Joaquina Maria Mercedes Barcelo Pages, Filipino Roman Catholic nun and venerable (b. 1857) August 5 – Frederick Albert Cook, American explorer (b. 1865) August 8 – Johnny Dodds, American jazz clarinetist (b. 1892) August 13 August 18 – Walter Chrysler, American automobile pioneer (b. 1875) August 21 August 22 August 24 – Paul Nipkow, German technician, inventor (b. 1860) August 28 – William Bowie, American geodetic engineer (b. 1872) August 30 – J. J. Thomson, British physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1856) August 31 – Ernest Lundeen, American lawyer, politician (b. 1878) September Charles de Broqueville September 4 – George William de Carteret, Jersey Island author (b. 1869) September 5 – Charles de Broqueville, 20th Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1860) September 10 – Nikola Ivanov, Bulgarian general (b. 1861) September 20 - E. Rosa Sawtell, New Zealand artist (b. 1865) September 23 – Hale Holden, American president of Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad (1914–1918), (1920-1929) (b. 1869) September 25 – Marguerite Clark, American actress (b. 1883) September 26 – Walter Benjamin, German philosopher, cultural critic (b. 1892) September 27 November Neville Chamberlain Nicolae Iorga November 3 – Manuel Azaña, 55th Prime Minister of Spain, 2nd President of Spain (b. 1880) November 5 – Otto Plath, American father of poet Sylvia Plath, entomologist (b. 1885) November 9 November 11 – Vladimir Vinnichevsky, Russian serial killer (b. 1923) November 17 November 18 – Ion Inculeț, Moldavian politician, 1st President of Moldova (b. 1884) November 19 – Ralph W. Barnes, American journalist (b. 1899) November 26 – Gheorghe Argeșanu, Romanian general, politician, and 40th Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1883) November 27 December Kyosti Kallio F. Scott Fitzgerald December 2 – Nikolai Koltsov, Russian biologist, genetist (b. 1872) December 5 – Jan Kubelík, Czech violinist (b. 1880) December 14 – Anton Korošec, Slovenian political leader (b. 1872) December 15 – Billy Hamilton, American baseball player, MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1866) December 16 – Eugène Dubois, Dutch paleoanthropologist, geologist (b. 1858) December 19 – Kyösti Kallio, Finnish farmerman, banker, 8th Prime Minister of Finland and 4th President of Finland (b. 1873) December 21 – F. Scott Fitzgerald, American writer (b. 1896) December 22 – Nathanael West, American writer (b. 1903) December 23 – Eddie August Schneider, American aviator (b. 1911) December 25 – Agnes Ayres, American actress (b. 1898) December 26 – Daniel Frohman, American theater producer (b. 1851) Nobel Prizes References ↑ Muggenthaler, August Karl (1977). German Raiders of WWII. Prentice-Hall. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-13-354027-7. ↑ Trossarelli, L. (2010). "the history of nylon". Club Alpino Italiano, Centro Studi Materiali e Tecniche. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012 . Retrieved . 2012-02-28 ↑ Naval-History.net ↑ Borgersrud, Lars (1995). "Nøytralitetsvakt". In Dahl, Hans Fredrik; Hjeltnes, Guri; Nøkleby, Berit; Ringdal, Nils Johan; Sørensen, Øystein. (in Norwegian). Oslo: Cappelen. p. Norsk krigsleksikon 1940-1945 313. ISBN 978-82-02-14138-7 . Retrieved . 2012-06-29 ↑ "Lancastria's end told by survivors; Italian and Nazi Planes Said to Have Shot at Swimmers and Fired Oily Waters; Many Caught Below Deck; Rescue Craft Reported Set Ablaze; Victims Include Women and Children". . 26 July 1940 The New York Times . Retrieved . 22 May 2010 ↑ Hooton, E. R. (2007). Luftwaffe at War: Blitzkrieg in the West. London: Chevron/Ian Allan. p. 88. ISBN 978-1-85780-272-6. ↑ Mawson, Gillian (2012). Guernsey Evacuees: The Forgotten Evacuees of the Second World War. History Press. ISBN 9780752470191. ↑ "Hitler Picture: Hitler in Paris". 20th Century History. About.com . Retrieved . 2013-03-25 ↑ Bloch, Michael (1982). The Duke of Windsor's War. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 978-0-297-77947-6. ↑ Drews, Jürgen (March 2000). "Drug Discovery: a Historical Perspective". . Science 287 (5460): 1960–4. doi: 10.1126/science.287.5460.1960. PMID 10720314. ↑ Robertson, Patrick (1974). The Shell Book of Firsts. London: Ebury Press. p. 124. ↑ Muggenthaler, August Karl (1977). German Raiders of WWII. Prentice-Hall. p. 58. ISBN 978-0-13-354027-7.
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