1944

Last updated
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1944 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1944
MCMXLIV
Ab urbe condita 2697
Armenian calendar 1393
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԳ
Assyrian calendar 6694
Bahá'í calendar 100–101
Balinese saka calendar 1865–1866
Bengali calendar 1351
Berber calendar 2894
British Regnal year 8  Geo. 6   9  Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar 2488
Burmese calendar 1306
Byzantine calendar 7452–7453
Chinese calendar 癸未(Water  Goat)
4640 or 4580
     to 
甲申年 (Wood  Monkey)
4641 or 4581
Coptic calendar 1660–1661
Discordian calendar 3110
Ethiopian calendar 1936–1937
Hebrew calendar 5704–5705
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2000–2001
 - Shaka Samvat 1865–1866
 - Kali Yuga 5044–5045
Holocene calendar 11944
Igbo calendar 944–945
Iranian calendar 1322–1323
Islamic calendar 1363–1364
Japanese calendar Shōwa 19
(昭和19年)
Javanese calendar 1874–1875
Juche calendar 33
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4277
Minguo calendar ROC 33
民國33年
Nanakshahi calendar 476
Thai solar calendar 2487
Tibetan calendar 阴水羊年
(female Water-Goat)
2070 or 1689 or 917
     to 
阳木猴年
(male Wood-Monkey)
2071 or 1690 or 918

1944 ( MCMXLIV ) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar , the 1944th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 944th year of the 2nd millennium , the 44th year of the 20th century , and the 5th year of the 1940s decade.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeric system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages.

A leap year is a calendar year containing one additional day added to keep the calendar year synchronized with the astronomical or seasonal year. Because seasons and astronomical events do not repeat in a whole number of days, calendars that have the same number of days in each year drift over time with respect to the event that the year is supposed to track. By inserting an additional day or month into the year, the drift can be corrected. A year that is not a leap year is called a common year.

A leap year starting on Saturday is any year with 366 days that begins on Saturday, 1 January, and ends on Sunday, 31 December. Its dominical letters hence are BA, such as the years 1916, 1944, 1972, 2000, and 2028 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2012 and 2040 in the obsolete Julian calendar. In the Gregorian calendar all centennial leap years start on Saturday; the next such year will be 2400, see below for more.

Contents

Events

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" suffix.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

January

US Army troops landing at Anzio during Operation Shingle, late January 1944. Landing at Anzio.jpg
US Army troops landing at Anzio during Operation Shingle, late January 1944.

January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 363 days remain until the end of the year.

Free France Government-in-exile led by Charles de Gaulle during the Second World War

Free France and its Free French Forces were the government-in-exile led by Charles de Gaulle during the Second World War and its military forces, that continued to fight against the Axis powers as one of the Allies after the fall of France. Set up in London in June 1940, it organised and supported the Resistance in occupied France.

Jean de Lattre de Tassigny French military commander

Jean Joseph Marie Gabriel de Lattre de Tassigny, GCB, MC was a French military commander in World War II and the First Indochina War. He was posthumously promoted to Marshal of France.

February

The Abbey of Monte Cassino in ruins after being destroyed by Allied bombing, February 1944. Bundesarchiv Bild 146-2005-0004, Italien, Monte Cassino.jpg
The Abbey of Monte Cassino in ruins after being destroyed by Allied bombing, February 1944.

March

The March 1944 eruption of Mount Vesuvius. Mt Vesuvius Erupting 1944.jpg
The March 1944 eruption of Mount Vesuvius.

April

May

The prime ministers of Britain and the four major dominions at the 1944 Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference, 1 May 1944. CommonwealthPrimeMinisters1944.jpg
The prime ministers of Britain and the four major dominions at the 1944 Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference, 1 May 1944.

June

Allied troops land on the beaches of Normandy during D-Day. NormandySupply edit.jpg
Allied troops land on the beaches of Normandy during D-Day.
LVTs heading for shore on 15 June 1944 during the Battle of Saipan. LVTs move toward Saipan, past bombarding cruisers, on 15 June 1944 (80-G-231838).jpg
LVTs heading for shore on 15 June 1944 during the Battle of Saipan.

July

The aftermath of the failed 20 July plot to kill Hitler. Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1972-025-12, Zerstorte Lagerbaracke nach dem 20. Juli 1944.jpg
The aftermath of the failed 20 July plot to kill Hitler.
Soviet soldiers fight in the streets of Jelgava, summer 1944. 19440816 soviet soldiers attack jelgava.jpg
Soviet soldiers fight in the streets of Jelgava, summer 1944.
American medics helping injured soldier in France, 1944. Medics helping injured soldier in France, 1944 - NARA - 535973.tif
American medics helping injured soldier in France, 1944.

August

Polish Boy Scouts fighting in the Warsaw Uprising.jpg
Szare Szeregi Scouts also fought in the Warsaw Uprising.
Jewish prisones of KZGesiowka liberated by Polish Soldiers of Home Army Warsaw1944.jpg
Jewish prisoners of Gęsiówka liberated by Polish soldiers from Batalion Zośka, 5 August 1944.
Crowds of French patriots line the Champs Elysees-edit2.jpg
Crowds of French people line the Champs Élysées following the Liberation of Paris, 26 August 1944.

September

Waves of paratroopers land in the Netherlands during Operation Market Garden in September 1944. Waves of paratroops land in Holland.jpg
Waves of paratroopers land in the Netherlands during Operation Market Garden in September 1944.

October

Henry Larsen becomes the first person successfully to navigate the Northwest Passage in both directions, westbound July-October 1944. Henry Larsen on St Roch.jpg
Henry Larsen becomes the first person successfully to navigate the Northwest Passage in both directions, westbound July–October 1944.
American troops advance towards San Jose on Leyte Island, 20 October 1944. 7th Cavalry Leyte Island 20 10 1944.jpeg
American troops advance towards San Jose on Leyte Island, 20 October 1944.
The light aircraft carrier USS Princeton afire, east of Luzon, 24 October 1944 USS Princeton (CVL-23) 1944 10 24 1.jpg
The light aircraft carrier USS Princeton afire, east of Luzon, 24 October 1944
Volkssturm founded in October 1944. Volkssturm armband.svg
Volkssturm founded in October 1944.
The beginning of the Battle of Leyte, 20 October 1944. Douglas MacArthur lands Leyte1.jpg
The beginning of the Battle of Leyte, 20 October 1944.
October 23: Battle of Leyte Gulf between United States and Japan during World War II. USS Princeton (CVL-23) burning on 24 October 1944 (80-G-287970).jpg
October 23: Battle of Leyte Gulf between United States and Japan during World War II.

November

December

Victims of the Malmedy massacre Bodies of U.S. officers and soldiers slained by the Nazis after capture near Malmedy, Belgium. - NARA - 196544.jpg
Victims of the Malmedy massacre
December 15: American bandleader Glenn Miller disappears into the English Channel. Glenn Miller Billboard.jpg
December 15: American bandleader Glenn Miller disappears into the English Channel.
George Marshall becomes the first U.S. Five-Star General on December 16, 1944. General George C. Marshall, official military photo, 1946.JPEG
George Marshall becomes the first U.S. Five-Star General on December 16, 1944.

Date unknown

Births

Births
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir Omar al-Bashir, 12th AU Summit, 090202-N-0506A-137.jpg
Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir
Jimmy Page Jimmy Page at the Echo music award 2013.jpg
Jimmy Page
Joe Frazier Joe Frazier 2010.jpg
Joe Frazier
Paul Keating Paul Keating 1985.jpg
Paul Keating

February

Jerry Springer Jerry Springer Musto Party 2011 Shankbone 10.JPG
Jerry Springer
Alan Parker Alan Parker (Director), London, 2012.jpg
Alan Parker
Jonathan Demme Jonathan Demme May 2015.jpg
Jonathan Demme

March

Roger Daltrey Roger Daltrey - May 2016.jpg
Roger Daltrey
Uschi Glas Uschi Glas II.JPG
Uschi Glas
R. Lee Ermey RLeeErmeyCrop.jpeg
R. Lee Ermey
Diana Ross Nobel Peace Prize Concert 2008 Diana Ross4.jpg
Diana Ross

April

Craig T. Nelson Craig T. Nelson at PaleyFest 2013.jpg
Craig T. Nelson
Gerhard Schroder 2015-12 Gerhard Schroder SPD Bundesparteitag by Olaf Kosinsky-17.jpg
Gerhard Schröder
Burny Bos Burny Bos.png
Burny Bos

May

John Rhys-Davies John Rhys-Davies by Gage Skidmore.jpg
John Rhys-Davies
Danny Trejo Danny Trejo by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Danny Trejo
Peter Mayhew Peter Mayhew 2015.jpg
Peter Mayhew
Joe Cocker Joe cocker 1970.JPG
Joe Cocker
Mary Robinson Mary Robinson World Economic Forum 2013 crop.jpg
Mary Robinson
Rudy Giuliani Giuliani closeup.jpg
Rudy Giuliani
Gladys Knight Gladys Knight 1997.jpg
Gladys Knight

June

Tommie Smith John Carlos, Tommie Smith 1968.jpg
Tommie Smith
Ban Ki-moon Ban Ki-moon 1-2.jpg
Ban Ki-moon
Salvador Sanchez Ceren Cadena 12 (34186610605) cropped.jpg
Salvador Sánchez Cerén
Ray Davies Kinks.jpg
Ray Davies
Jeff Beck Jeff Beck.jpg
Jeff Beck
Gary Busey CUN2008 Oscar party Gary Busey.jpg
Gary Busey

July

Mercedes Bresso English part - Citizens' Corner debate- Brexit - Europe's Big Bang theory. Where did it start%3F (27102338980).jpg
Mercedes Bresso
Jeffrey Tambor Jeffrey Tambor June 2015.jpg
Jeffrey Tambor
Aad Mansveld Aad Mansveld (1981).jpg
Aad Mansveld
David Hemery David Hemery 1968.jpg
David Hemery
Celeste Yarnall Celeste Yarnall 1967.jpg
Celeste Yarnall
Geraldine Chaplin Geraldine Chaplin en Seminci 2016.jpg
Geraldine Chaplin

August

Richard Belzer Richard Belzer.JPG
Richard Belzer
Robert Mueller Director Robert S. Mueller- III.jpg
Robert Mueller
Sam Elliott Sam Elliott 2012.jpg
Sam Elliott
Ian McDiarmid The Emperor Has No Robes.jpg
Ian McDiarmid
Rajiv Gandhi Rajiv Gandhi at 7 Race course road 1988 (cropped).jpg
Rajiv Gandhi

September

Barry White Grand Gala du Disque Populaire 1974 - Barry White 927-0099.jpg
Barry White
Peter Cetera 2004 12LosAngelesPeterCetera.jpg
Peter Cetera
Michael Douglas Michael Douglas Deauville 2013.jpg
Michael Douglas

October

Arnhim Eustace Arnhim Eustace.jpg
Arnhim Eustace
Kati Kovacs Kovacskatisziget.jpg
Kati Kovács

November

Askar Akayevich Akayev Askar Akaev MoscowRia 08-2016.jpg
Askar Akayevich Akayev
Danny DeVito Danny DeVito cropped and edited for brightness.jpg
Danny DeVito
Lorne Michaels Lorne Michaels David Shankbone 2010.jpg
Lorne Michaels
Harold Ramis Harold Ramis Oct 2009.jpg
Harold Ramis
Ben Stein Actor Ben Stein.jpg
Ben Stein

December

John Densmore John Densmore1968 publicity photo.jpg
John Densmore
Dennis Wilson Dennis Wilson 1971 cropped.jpg
Dennis Wilson
Jeroen Krabbe Jeroen Krabbe.png
Jeroen Krabbe
Brenda Lee Brenda Lee 1977.JPG
Brenda Lee
Bernard Hill Bernard Hill2 (cropped).jpg
Bernard Hill

Date unknown

Deaths

January

Kaj Munk Kaj Munk.jpg
Kaj Munk
Lou Henry Hoover Louhenryhoover.jpg
Lou Henry Hoover
King Yuhi V of Rwanda Musinga.jpg
King Yuhi V of Rwanda
Edvard Munch Portrett av Edvard Munch.jpg
Edvard Munch

February

Piet Mondrian Piet Mondriaan.jpg
Piet Mondrian
Margaret Woodrow Wilson Margaret Woodrow Wilson 1912.jpg
Margaret Woodrow Wilson
Pehr Evind Svinhufvud P.E.Svinhufvud.jpg
Pehr Evind Svinhufvud

March

Paul-Emile Janson Paul-Emile Janson.jpg
Paul-Emile Janson
Otto von Below LJB9 - Otto von Below.jpg
Otto von Below

April

Bernardino Machado Bernardino Machado.jpg
Bernardino Machado

May

Leon Kozlowski Leon Kozlowski.PNG
Leon Kozłowski
Edel Quinn Edel Quinn.png
Edel Quinn
Serguis I Mitr sergiy.jpg
Serguis I
Thomas Curtis Thomas Curtis.jpg
Thomas Curtis

June

Denes Berinkey Berinkey Denes.jpg
Dénes Berinkey

July

Carl Mayer Carl-mayer.jpg
Carl Mayer
Theodore Roosevelt Jr. LC-DIG-ggbain-37582.jpg
Theodore Roosevelt Jr.
Tarsykiya Matskiv Sestra Tarsikiia Mats'kiv.jpg
Tarsykiya Matskiv
Claus von Stauffenberg Claus von Stauffenberg (1907-1944).jpg
Claus von Stauffenberg
Reza Pahlavi Reza shahpahlavi.jpg
Reza Pahlavi

August

Manuel L. Quezon Manuel L. Quezon (November 1942).jpg
Manuel L. Quezon
Jedrzej Moraczewski Jedrzej Moraczewski.jpg
Jędrzej Moraczewski
Berthold Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg Bundesarchiv Bild 146-2008-0184, Berlin, Berthold Schenk Graf v. Stauffenberg.jpg
Berthold Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg
Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. Lt. Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. Navy.JPG
Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.
Teresa Bracco Teresa Bracco.jpg
Teresa Bracco

September

Joseph Muller Joseph Mueller (Priester).jpg
Joseph Müller
Gustav Bauer Gustav Bauer.jpg
Gustav Bauer
Hendrikus Colijn ZieglerColijn.jpg
Hendrikus Colijn
David Dougal Williams (artist) David Dougal Williams (artist).jpg
David Dougal Williams (artist)

October

Ramon Castillo Ramoncastillo.jpg
Ramon Castillo
Erwin Rommel Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1985-013-07, Erwin Rommel.jpg
Erwin Rommel
Jose de la Riva-Aguero y Osma Jose de la Riva Aguero y Osma.jpg
José de la Riva-Agüero y Osma

November

Andrey Sheptytsky Andrzej Szeptycki (a).jpg
Andrey Sheptytsky
Carl Lampert Carl Lampert (1918).jpg
Carl Lampert
Joseph Caillaux Caillaux.jpg
Joseph Caillaux
Florence Foster Jenkins Florence Foster Jenkins.jpg
Florence Foster Jenkins

December

Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark Laszlo - Prince Andrew of Greece.jpg
Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark
Wassily Kandinsky Vassily-Kandinsky.jpeg
Wassily Kandinsky
Vicente Lim Brigadier General Vicente Lim.jpg
Vicente Lim

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

1952 Year

1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1952nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 952nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1950s decade.

1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1918th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 918th year of the 2nd millennium, the 18th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1918, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1948th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 948th year of the 2nd millennium, the 48th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1940s decade.

1939 Year

1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1939th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 939th year of the 2nd millennium, the 39th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1930s decade. This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.

1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1912th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 912th year of the 2nd millennium, the 12th year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1912, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. A key event of this year was the sinking of the infamous RMS Titanic

1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1945th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 945th year of the 2nd millennium, the 45th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1940s decade. This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.

1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1942nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 942nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 42nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1940s decade.

1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1943rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 943rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 43rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1940s decade.

1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1946th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 946th year of the 2nd millennium, the 46th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1940s decade.

1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1941st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 941st year of the 2nd millennium, the 41st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1940s decade.

1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1956th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 956th year of the 2nd millennium, the 56th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1950s decade.

1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1920th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 920th year of the 2nd millennium, the 20th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1920, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1966th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 966th year of the 2nd millennium, the 66th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1960s decade.

1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1940th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 940th year of the 2nd millennium, the 40th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1940s decade.

1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1921st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 921st year of the 2nd millennium, the 21st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1921, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1955th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 955th year of the 2nd millennium, the 55th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1950s decade.

1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1934th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 934th year of the 2nd millennium, the 34th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1930s decade.

1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1938th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 938th year of the 2nd millennium, the 38th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1930s decade.

1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1950th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 950th year of the 2nd millennium, the 50th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1950s decade.

1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1914th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 914th year of the 2nd millennium, the 14th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1914, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I, after an heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated by Serbian nationalist Gavrillo Princip. It also saw the first airline to provide scheduled regular commercial passenger services with heavier-than-air aircraft, with the St. Petersburg–Tampa Airboat Line.

References

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  34. As Kenneth Branagh reprises the role over forty years later, in his successful remake.
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