1945

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1945 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1945
MCMXLV
Ab urbe condita 2698
Armenian calendar 1394
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԴ
Assyrian calendar 6695
Bahá'í calendar 101–102
Balinese saka calendar 1866–1867
Bengali calendar 1352
Berber calendar 2895
British Regnal year 9  Geo. 6   10  Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar 2489
Burmese calendar 1307
Byzantine calendar 7453–7454
Chinese calendar 甲申(Wood  Monkey)
4641 or 4581
     to 
乙酉年 (Wood  Rooster)
4642 or 4582
Coptic calendar 1661–1662
Discordian calendar 3111
Ethiopian calendar 1937–1938
Hebrew calendar 5705–5706
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2001–2002
 - Shaka Samvat 1866–1867
 - Kali Yuga 5045–5046
Holocene calendar 11945
Igbo calendar 945–946
Iranian calendar 1323–1324
Islamic calendar 1364–1365
Japanese calendar Shōwa 20
(昭和20年)
Javanese calendar 1875–1876
Juche calendar 34
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4278
Minguo calendar ROC 34
民國34年
Nanakshahi calendar 477
Thai solar calendar 2488
Tibetan calendar 阳木猴年
(male Wood-Monkey)
2071 or 1690 or 918
     to 
阴木鸡年
(female Wood-Rooster)
2072 or 1691 or 919

1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1945th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 945th year of the 2nd millennium, the 45th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1940s decade.

Contents

It marked the end of World War II and the fall of Nazi Germany. It is also the only year in which nuclear weapons have been used in combat.

Events

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

January

January 27 - The Soviet Red Army liberates Auschwitz. Bundesarchiv Bild 183-32279-007, KZ Auschwitz, Eingang.jpg
January 27 – The Soviet Red Army liberates Auschwitz.

February

February 4 - The "Big Three" at the Yalta Conference: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin. Yalta Conference (Churchill, Roosevelt, Stalin) (B&W).jpg
February 4 – The "Big Three" at the Yalta Conference: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin.
February 19 - During the Battle of Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines land on the island. USMC-M-IwoJima-cvr.jpg
February 19 – During the Battle of Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines land on the island.

March

April

April 7 - Japanese battleship Yamato explodes after persistent attacks from U.S. aircraft during the Battle of Okinawa. Yamato battleship explosion.jpg
April 7Japanese battleship Yamato explodes after persistent attacks from U.S. aircraft during the Battle of Okinawa.
April 30 - Adolf Hitler, along with his wife Eva Braun, commitd suicide. Stars & Stripes & Hitler Dead2.jpg
April 30Adolf Hitler, along with his wife Eva Braun, commitd suicide.

May

May - Prague is liberated by the Red Army. Prague liberation 1945 konev.jpg
May – Prague is liberated by the Red Army.
May - Marines of 1st Marine Division fighting on Okinawa. Ww2 158.jpg
May – Marines of 1st Marine Division fighting on Okinawa.
May 8 - American soldiers fighting in the Pacific theater listen to radio reports of Victory in Europe Day. Americans on Okinawa hear of victory in Europe.jpg
May 8 – American soldiers fighting in the Pacific theater listen to radio reports of Victory in Europe Day.

June

June 5 - Dwight Eisenhower, Georgy Zhukov and Arthur Tedder. Montgomery receives Order of Victory HD-SN-99-02756 cropped.JPG
June 5Dwight Eisenhower, Georgy Zhukov and Arthur Tedder.

July

July 16 - Trinity test at night in New Mexico. Trinity shot color.jpg
July 16Trinity test at night in New Mexico.
July 26 - Clement Attlee becomes British Prime Minister in a landslide election victory. Clement Attlee.jpg
July 26Clement Attlee becomes British Prime Minister in a landslide election victory.

August

August 9 - The mushroom cloud from the nuclear bomb dropped on Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. Nagasakibomb.jpg
August 9 – The mushroom cloud from the nuclear bomb dropped on Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air.
September 2 - Japan signs the Instrument of Surrender aboard the USS Missouri. Mamoru Shigemitsu signs the Instrument of Surrender, officially ending the Second World War.jpg
September 2 – Japan signs the Instrument of Surrender aboard the USS Missouri.

September

August 18 - Surrender of the Japanese Army in Central China (Memorial in Wuhan). Zhongshan Warship Tourist Area - Victory memorial - P1540113.JPG
August 18 – Surrender of the Japanese Army in Central China (Memorial in Wuhan).

October

October 18 - Nuremberg trials begin, after Buchenwald closes. Buchenwald Slave Laborers Liberation.jpg
October 18Nuremberg trials begin, after Buchenwald closes.
October 24 - United Nations formed. This is its flag (the modern version is slightly retouched). Flag of the United Nations (1945-1947).svg
October 24United Nations formed. This is its flag (the modern version is slightly retouched).

November

December

Date unknown

Births

Births
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

Stephen Stills Stephen Stills -- The Rides, Jun 2016.jpg
Stephen Stills
Rod Stewart Rod stewart 05111976 12 400.jpg
Rod Stewart
Javed Akhtar Javed Aktar 2010.jpg
Javed Akhtar
Mike Harris Mike Harris 2014.jpg
Mike Harris
Robert Olen Butler Robert Olen Butler 2016.jpg
Robert Olen Butler
Dave Walker DaveWalker-Bozeman-SLAMFest.jpg
Dave Walker
Jill Townsend Jill Townsend 1967.JPG
Jill Townsend
Tom Selleck Tom Selleck 2010.jpg
Tom Selleck

February

Bob Marley Bob-Marley.jpg
Bob Marley
Mia Farrow Pulitzer2018-mia-farrow-20180530-wp.jpg
Mia Farrow
Kathy Mullen Kathy Mullen (crop).jpg
Kathy Mullen
Maud Adams Maud Adams.jpg
Maud Adams
Douglas Hofstadter Hofstadter2002.jpg
Douglas Hofstadter
Jeremy Bulloch 4.17.16JeremyBullochByLuigiNovi1.jpg
Jeremy Bulloch
Brenda Fricker Brenda Fricker March 1990 2.jpg
Brenda Fricker
Bill Casey MP Bill Casey 2018.jpg
Bill Casey
Barry Bostwick 2017 Wizard World Columbus - Barry Bostwick 02 (35600826404).jpg
Barry Bostwick
Daniel Olbrychski Daniel Olbrychski 2019.jpg
Daniel Olbrychski

March

George Miller George Miller (35706244922).jpg
George Miller
Micky Dolenz Micky Dolenz at the 2009 Tribeca Film Festival.jpg
Micky Dolenz
Charles Greene Charles Greene 1970.jpg
Charles Greene
Jim Huffman Jim Huffman.jpg
Jim Huffman
Rodrigo Duterte President Rodrigo Duterte.jpg
Rodrigo Duterte
Eric Clapton Eric Clapton 01May2015.jpg
Eric Clapton
Edwin Catmull VES Awards 89 cropped.jpg
Edwin Catmull

April

Tommy Smith Tommy Smith (1966).jpg
Tommy Smith
Tuilaepa Malielegaoi Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi 2018.jpg
Tuilaepa Malielegaoi
Naftali Temu Naftali Temu 1968.jpg
Naftali Temu
Ana Lucia Torre Ana Lucia Torre.jpg
Ana Lúcia Torre
Bjorn Ulvaeus Bjorn Ulvaeus in May 2013.jpg
Björn Ulvaeus
Tony Dow Tony Dow 1964.jpg
Tony Dow

May

Bob Seger Bob Seger 2013.jpg
Bob Seger
Yochanan Vollach MHFC-Yochanan-Wallach.jpg
Yochanan Vollach
Pete Townshend Pete Townshend (2012).jpg
Pete Townshend
Priscilla Presley Priscilla Presley 2014.jpg
Priscilla Presley
John Fogerty John Fogerty.jpg
John Fogerty
Laurent Gbagbo Laurent Gbagbo (2008).jpg
Laurent Gbagbo

June

Wolfgang Schussel W Schuessel7.jpg
Wolfgang Schüssel
Ken Livingstone Ken Livingstone. Any Questions, 2016.jpg
Ken Livingstone
Aung San Suu Kyi Aung San Suu Kyi 17 November 2011.jpg
Aung San Suu Kyi
Adrienne Barbeau AdrienneBarbeauJune2011.jpg
Adrienne Barbeau
Anne Murray Anne Murray.jpg
Anne Murray
Radovan Karadzic Evstafiev-Radovan Karadzic 3MAR94.jpg
Radovan Karadžić
Carly Simon Carly Simon (1989).jpg
Carly Simon
Jose Miguel Arroyo Jose Miguel Arroyo departing St. Luke's Medical Center (cropped).jpg
Jose Miguel Arroyo
Chandrika Kumaratunga Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga As The President of Sri Lanka.jpg
Chandrika Kumaratunga

July

Debbie Harry Blondie en el Summercase 08 de Barcelona.jpg
Debbie Harry
Burt Ward Burt Ward by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Burt Ward
Moncef Marzouki Moncef Marzouki2.jpg
Moncef Marzouki
Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia HRH Crown Prince Alexander II with Legion of Honour.jpg
Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia
Helen Mirren Helen Mirren 2014.jpg
Helen Mirren
Jim Davis Jim Davis cropped.jpg
Jim Davis
Patrick Modiano Patrick Modiano 6 dec 2014 - 22.jpg
Patrick Modiano

August

Steve Martin Steve Martin, 2017-08-11.jpg
Steve Martin
Vince McMahon Vince McMahon 2.jpg
Vince McMahon
Wyomia Tyus Wyomia Tyus 1968.jpg
Wyomia Tyus
Van Morrison VanMorrison2.jpg
Van Morrison
Bob Welch Bob Welch and Jimmy Robinson at the Record Plant in Sausilito CA.jpg
Bob Welch

September

Jessye Norman Jessye Norman- In Conversation with Tom Hall (15977754135) (cropped).jpg
Jessye Norman
Franz Beckenbauer Franz Beckenbauer - 2019102190253 2019-04-12 Radio Regenbogen Award 2019 - Sven - 1D X MK II - 0369 - AK8I9538.jpg
Franz Beckenbauer
Bryan Ferry Bryan Ferry (6891697914).jpg
Bryan Ferry
Ehud Olmert Olmert.jpg
Ehud Olmert

October

Rod Carew Rod Carew 2008.jpg
Rod Carew
Don McLean Don McLean in 2012.jpg
Don McLean
Viktor Saneyev Viktor Saneyev c1972.jpg
Viktor Saneyev
John Lithgow John Lithgow 8 by David Shankbone.jpg
John Lithgow
Jaclyn Smith JacklynSmithJune06.jpg
Jaclyn Smith
Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva Lula - foto oficial05012007.jpg
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
Henry Winkler Henry Winkler (8530353007).jpg
Henry Winkler

November

Neil Young Neil Young, Heart of Gold.jpg
Neil Young
Goldie Hawn Goldie Hawn - 1978.jpg
Goldie Hawn
John McVie J McVie.jpg
John McVie
James Avery James Avery.jpg
James Avery

December

Bette Midler BetteMidler90cropped.jpg
Bette Midler
Portia Simpson-Miller Portia Miller Shoot.Jpeg
Portia Simpson-Miller
Ernie Hudson Ernie Hudson by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Ernie Hudson
Diane Sawyer Diane Sawyer 2011 Shankbone.JPG
Diane Sawyer
Lemmy Motorhead-IMG 6375.jpg
Lemmy
Davy Jones Davy Jones (Geneva, IL, 2006).jpg
Davy Jones

Deaths

January

Ricardo Jimenez Oreamuno Ricardo Jimenez Oreamuno.jpg
Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno
Else Lasker-Schuler Else Lasker-Schuler 1875.jpg
Else Lasker-Schüler
Pedro Abad Santos Pedro Abad Santos.jpg
Pedro Abad Santos
Blessed Nikolaus Gross Nikolaus Gross Ikone sel.gesprochen 2001.JPG
Blessed Nikolaus Gross
Pedro Paulet Pedro Paulet, padre de la Aeronautica.PNG
Pedro Paulet

February

Anne Frank AnneFrankSchoolPhoto.jpg
Anne Frank
Eric Liddell Eric Liddell.jpg
Eric Liddell
Jose Maria Moncada Jose Maria Moncada 1910.jpg
José María Moncada

March

Takeichi Nishi Baron Nishi cropped.jpg
Takeichi Nishi
Blessed Marcel Callo Statue de Marcel Callo en l'eglise Saint Aubin de Rennes.JPG
Blessed Marcel Callo
David Lloyd George David Lloyd George.jpg
David Lloyd George
Hans Fischer Hans Fischer (Nobel).jpg
Hans Fischer

April

Giuseppe Girotti GIUSEPPE GIROTTI O.P.png
Giuseppe Girotti
Dietrich Bonhoeffer Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1987-074-16, Dietrich Bonhoeffer.jpg
Dietrich Bonhoeffer
Franklin D. Roosevelt FDR 1944 Color Portrait.jpg
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Benito Mussolini Mussolini mezzobusto.jpg
Benito Mussolini
Adolf Hitler Bundesarchiv Bild 183-H1216-0500-002, Adolf Hitler.jpg
Adolf Hitler

May

Joseph Goebbels Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1989-0821-502, Joseph Goebbels.jpg
Joseph Goebbels
Prince Waldemar of Prussia Pince Waldemar2.jpg
Prince Waldemar of Prussia
Prince Kan'in Kotohito Prince Kanin Kotohito.jpg
Prince Kan'in Kotohito
Heinrich Himmler Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R99621, Heinrich Himmler.jpg
Heinrich Himmler

June

Emil Hacha Emil Hacha.jpg
Emil Hacha
Prince Luis Fernando de Orleans y Borbon Prince Luis Fernando d'Orleans.jpg
Prince Luís Fernando de Orleans y Borbón
Germogen Arkhiepiskop Geormogen (Maksimov). 1934.jpg
Germogen

July

Oscar R. Benavides Oscar Benavides.jpg
Óscar R. Benavides
John Curtin JohnCurtin.jpg
John Curtin

August

Robert H. Goddard Dr. Robert H. Goddard - GPN-2002-000131.jpg
Robert H. Goddard
Karl Leisner 1502 Leisner.jpg
Karl Leisner
Florencio Harmodio Arosemena Florencio Harmodio Arosemena.jpg
Florencio Harmodio Arosemena

September

John S. McCain Sr. Vice-Admiral John S McCain.jpg
John S. McCain Sr.
Johannes Hans Geiger Hans geiger.jpg
Johannes Hans Geiger
Bela Bartok Bartok Bela 1927.jpg
Béla Bartók

October

Pierre Laval Pierre Laval a Meurisse 1931.jpg
Pierre Laval
Plutarco Elias Calles Plutarco Elias Calles.jpg
Plutarco Elias Calles

November

Sigurdur Eggerz Sigurdur Eggerz.jpg
Sigurdur Eggerz

December

Richard Weisz Richard Weisz 1908 matchbox label 2.jpg
Richárd Weisz
Fumimaro Konoe Fumimaro Konoe.jpg
Fumimaro Konoe
George S. Patton Pattonphoto.jpg
George S. Patton
Duy Tan Vua Duy Tan nho.jpg
Duy Tan

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1948th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 948th year of the 2nd millennium, the 48th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1940s decade.

1939 1939

1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1939th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 939th year of the 2nd millennium, the 39th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1930s decade.

1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1944th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 944th year of the 2nd millennium, the 44th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1940s decade.

1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1942nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 942nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 42nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1940s decade.

1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1943rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 943rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 43rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1940s decade.

1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1946th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 946th year of the 2nd millennium, the 46th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1940s decade.

1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1941st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 941st year of the 2nd millennium, the 41st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1940s decade.

1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1919th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 919th year of the 2nd millennium, the 19th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1919, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1936th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 936th year of the 2nd millennium, the 36th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1930s decade.

1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1920th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 920th year of the 2nd millennium, the 20th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1920, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1937th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 937th year of the 2nd millennium, the 37th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1930s decade.

1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1940th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 940th year of the 2nd millennium, the 40th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1940s decade.

1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1934th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 934th year of the 2nd millennium, the 34th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1930s decade.

Events from the year 1945 in the United States. World War II ended during this year following the surrender of Germany in May and that of Japan in September.

The following events occurred in May 1945:

1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1938th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 938th year of the 2nd millennium, the 38th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1930s decade.

1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1950th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 950th year of the 2nd millennium, the 50th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1950s decade.

1942 in the United States

Events from the year 1942 in the United States.

Events from the year 1943 in the United States.

Events in the year 1945 in Germany.

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Further reading