1945

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1945 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1945
MCMXLV
Ab urbe condita 2698
Armenian calendar 1394
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԴ
Assyrian calendar 6695
Bahá'í calendar 101–102
Balinese saka calendar 1866–1867
Bengali calendar 1352
Berber calendar 2895
British Regnal year 9  Geo. 6   10  Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar 2489
Burmese calendar 1307
Byzantine calendar 7453–7454
Chinese calendar 甲申(Wood  Monkey)
4641 or 4581
     to 
乙酉年 (Wood  Rooster)
4642 or 4582
Coptic calendar 1661–1662
Discordian calendar 3111
Ethiopian calendar 1937–1938
Hebrew calendar 5705–5706
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2001–2002
 - Shaka Samvat 1866–1867
 - Kali Yuga 5045–5046
Holocene calendar 11945
Igbo calendar 945–946
Iranian calendar 1323–1324
Islamic calendar 1364–1365
Japanese calendar Shōwa 20
(昭和20年)
Javanese calendar 1875–1876
Juche calendar 34
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4278
Minguo calendar ROC 34
民國34年
Nanakshahi calendar 477
Thai solar calendar 2488
Tibetan calendar 阳木猴年
(male Wood-Monkey)
2071 or 1690 or 918
     to 
阴木鸡年
(female Wood-Rooster)
2072 or 1691 or 919

1945 ( MCMXLV ) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar , the 1945th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 945th year of the 2nd millennium , the 45th year of the 20th century , and the 6th year of the 1940s decade. This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.

Contents

Events

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

January

January 27: The Soviet Red Army liberates Auschwitz. Bundesarchiv Bild 183-32279-007, KZ Auschwitz, Eingang.jpg
January 27: The Soviet Red Army liberates Auschwitz.

February

The "Big Three" at the Yalta Conference: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin, February 4, 1945. Yalta Conference (Churchill, Roosevelt, Stalin) (B&W).jpg
The "Big Three" at the Yalta Conference: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin, February 4, 1945.
During the Battle of Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines land on the island, February 19, 1945. USMC-M-IwoJima-cvr.jpg
During the Battle of Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines land on the island, February 19, 1945.

March

April

The Japanese battleship Yamato explodes after persistent attacks from U.S. aircraft during the Battle of Okinawa, 7 April 1945. Yamato battleship explosion.jpg
The Japanese battleship Yamato explodes after persistent attacks from U.S. aircraft during the Battle of Okinawa, 7 April 1945.
Adolf Hitler, along with his wife Eva Braun, committed suicide on 30 April 1945. Stars & Stripes & Hitler Dead2.jpg
Adolf Hitler, along with his wife Eva Braun, committed suicide on 30 April 1945.

May

Marines of 1st Marine Division fighting on Okinawa, May 1945. Ww2 158.jpg
Marines of 1st Marine Division fighting on Okinawa, May 1945.

June

Dwight Eisenhower and Georgy Zhukov, June 5, 1945. Montgomery receives Order of Victory HD-SN-99-02756 cropped.JPG
Dwight Eisenhower and Georgy Zhukov, June 5, 1945.

July

July 16: Trinity test at night in New Mexico. Trinity shot color.jpg
July 16: Trinity test at night in New Mexico.

August

August 9: The mushroom cloud from the nuclear bomb dropped on Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. Nagasakibomb.jpg
August 9: The mushroom cloud from the nuclear bomb dropped on Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air.
September 2: Japan signs the Instrument of Surrender aboard the USS Missouri. Shigemitsu-signs-surrender.jpg
September 2: Japan signs the Instrument of Surrender aboard the USS Missouri.

September

August 18: The surrender of the Japanese Army in Central China, 1945-09-18. (Memorial in Wuhan) Zhongshan Warship Tourist Area - Victory memorial - P1540113.JPG
August 18: The surrender of the Japanese Army in Central China, 1945-09-18. (Memorial in Wuhan)

October

October 24: The United Nations is formed. This was its flag. The modern version is slightly retouched. Flag of the United Nations (1945-1947).svg
October 24: The United Nations is formed. This was its flag. The modern version is slightly retouched.
October 18: Nuremberg trials begin, after Buchenwald closed. Buchenwald Slave Laborers Liberation.jpg
October 18: Nuremberg trials begin, after Buchenwald closed.

November

December

Date unknown

Births

Births
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

Rod Stewart Rod Stewart 86.jpg
Rod Stewart
Tom Selleck Tom Selleck 2010.jpg
Tom Selleck

February

Bob Marley Bob-Marley.jpg
Bob Marley
Mia Farrow Pulitzer2018-mia-farrow-20180530-wp.jpg
Mia Farrow
Maud Adams Maud Adams.jpg
Maud Adams
Hans-Adam II of Liechtenstein Fürst Hans-Adam II. von und zu Liechtenstein (cropped).jpg
Hans-Adam II of Liechtenstein
Brenda Fricker Brenda Fricker March 1990.jpg
Brenda Fricker
Edir Macedo Edir Macedo2007.jpg
Edir Macedo

March

George Miller George Miller (35706244922).jpg
George Miller
Charles Greene Charles Greene 1970.jpg
Charles Greene
Rodrigo Duterte Rodrigo Duterte June 2016.jpg
Rodrigo Duterte
Eric Clapton Eric Clapton 2.jpg
Eric Clapton

April

Naftali Temu Naftali Temu 1968.jpg
Naftali Temu
Björn Ulvaeus Björn Ulvaeus in May 2013.jpg
Björn Ulvaeus

May

Bob Seger Bob Seger 2013.jpg
Bob Seger
Pete Townshend Pete Townshend (2012).jpg
Pete Townshend
Priscilla Presley Priscilla Presley 2014.jpg
Priscilla Presley
John Fogerty John Fogerty.jpg
John Fogerty
Laurent Gbagbo Laurent Gbagbo (2008).jpg
Laurent Gbagbo

June

Wolfgang Schüssel W Schuessel7.jpg
Wolfgang Schüssel
Ken Livingstone Ken Livingstone. Any Questions, 2016.jpg
Ken Livingstone
Aung San Suu Kyi Aung San Suu Kyi 17 November 2011.jpg
Aung San Suu Kyi
Anne Murray Anne Murray.jpg
Anne Murray
Radovan Karadžić Evstafiev-Radovan Karadzic 3MAR94.jpg
Radovan Karadžić
Carly Simon Carly Simon (1989).jpg
Carly Simon
Jose Miguel Arroyo Jose Miguel Arroyo departing St. Luke's Medical Center (cropped).jpg
Jose Miguel Arroyo
Chandrika Kumaratunga Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga As The President of Sri Lanka.jpg
Chandrika Kumaratunga

July

Debbie Harry Blondie en el Summercase 08 de Barcelona.jpg
Debbie Harry
Burt Ward Burt Ward by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Burt Ward
Ron Glass Ron Glass at 2005 Serenity Premiere.jpg
Ron Glass
David A. Granger David Arthur Granger (21605566518) (cropped).jpg
David A. Granger
Helen Mirren Helen Mirren 2014.jpg
Helen Mirren
Jim Davis Jim Davis cropped.jpg
Jim Davis

August

Steve Martin Steve Martin, 2017-08-11.jpg
Steve Martin
Vince McMahon Vince McMahon 2.jpg
Vince McMahon
Wyomia Tyus Wyomia Tyus 1968.jpg
Wyomia Tyus
Van Morrison VanMorrison2.jpg
Van Morrison
Bob Welch Bob Welch and Jimmy Robinson at the Record Plant in Sausilito CA.jpg
Bob Welch

September

Franz Beckenbauer Beckenbauer.jpg
Franz Beckenbauer
Bryan Ferry Bryan Ferry (6216585713).jpg
Bryan Ferry
Ehud Olmert Olmert.jpg
Ehud Olmert

October

Don McLean Don McLean in 2012.jpg
Don McLean
Viktor Saneyev Viktor Saneyev c1972.jpg
Viktor Saneyev
John Lithgow John Lithgow 8 by David Shankbone.jpg
John Lithgow
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva Lula - foto oficial05012007.jpg
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
Henry Winkler Henry Winkler (8530353007).jpg
Henry Winkler

November

Neil Young Neil Young, Heart of Gold.jpg
Neil Young
Goldie Hawn Goldie Hawn - 1978.jpg
Goldie Hawn
John McVie J McVie.jpg
John McVie

December

Bette Midler BetteMidler90cropped.jpg
Bette Midler
Portia Simpson-Miller Portia Miller Shoot.Jpeg
Portia Simpson-Miller
Diane Sawyer Diane Sawyer 2011 Shankbone.JPG
Diane Sawyer
Lemmy Lemmy-02.jpg
Lemmy
Davy Jones Davy Jones 2011.jpg
Davy Jones

Deaths

January

Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno.jpg
Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno
Pēteris Juraševskis Peteris Jurasevskis.jpg
Pēteris Juraševskis
Else Lasker-Schüler Else Lasker-Schüler 1875.jpg
Else Lasker-Schüler
Pedro Abad Santos Pedro Abad Santos.jpg
Pedro Abad Santos
Blessed Nikolaus Gross Nikolaus Groß Ikone sel.gesprochen 2001.JPG
Blessed Nikolaus Gross
Pedro Paulet Pedro Paulet, padre de la Aeronautica.PNG
Pedro Paulet

February

Anne Frank AnneFrankSchoolPhoto.jpg
Anne Frank
Eric Liddell Eric Liddell.jpg
Eric Liddell
José María Moncada Jose Maria Moncada 1910.jpg
José María Moncada

March

Takeichi Nishi Baron Nishi cropped.jpg
Takeichi Nishi
Blessed Marcel Callo Statue de Marcel Callo en l'église Saint Aubin de Rennes.JPG
Blessed Marcel Callo
David Lloyd George David Lloyd George.jpg
David Lloyd George
Hans Fischer Hans Fischer (Nobel).jpg
Hans Fischer

April

Franklin D. Roosevelt FDR in 1933.jpg
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Benito Mussolini Mussolini mezzobusto.jpg
Benito Mussolini
Adolf Hitler Bundesarchiv Bild 183-H1216-0500-002, Adolf Hitler.jpg
Adolf Hitler

May

Joseph Goebbels Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1989-0821-502, Joseph Goebbels.jpg
Joseph Goebbels
Prince Waldemar of Prussia Pince Waldemar2.jpg
Prince Waldemar of Prussia
Prince Kan'in Kotohito Prince Kanin Kotohito.jpg
Prince Kan'in Kotohito
Heinrich Himmler Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R99621, Heinrich Himmler.jpg
Heinrich Himmler

June

Emil Hacha Emil Hácha.jpg
Emil Hacha
Prince Luís Fernando de Orleans y Borbón Prince Luis Fernando d'Orleans.jpg
Prince Luís Fernando de Orleans y Borbón
Germogen Архиепископ Геормоген (Максимов). 1934.jpg
Germogen

July

Óscar R. Benavides Óscar Benavides.jpg
Óscar R. Benavides
John Curtin JohnCurtin.jpg
John Curtin

August

Robert H. Goddard Dr. Robert H. Goddard - GPN-2002-000131.jpg
Robert H. Goddard
Karl Leisner 1502 Leisner.jpg
Karl Leisner
Florencio Harmodio Arosemena Florencio Harmodio Arosemena.jpg
Florencio Harmodio Arosemena

September

John S. McCain Sr. Vice-Admiral John S McCain.jpg
John S. McCain Sr.
Johannes Hans Geiger Hans geiger.jpg
Johannes Hans Geiger
Béla Bartók Bartók Béla 1927.jpg
Béla Bartók

October

Pierre Laval Pierre Laval a Meurisse 1931.jpg
Pierre Laval
Plutarco Elias Calles Plutarco Elias Calles.jpg
Plutarco Elias Calles

November

Sigurdur Eggerz Sigurður Eggerz.jpg
Sigurdur Eggerz

December

Fumimaro Konoe Fumimaro Konoe.jpg
Fumimaro Konoe
George S. Patton Pattonphoto.jpg
George S. Patton
Duy Tan Vua Duy Tan nho.jpg
Duy Tan

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

References

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Further reading