1945

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1945 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1945
MCMXLV
Ab urbe condita 2698
Armenian calendar 1394
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԴ
Assyrian calendar 6695
Baháʼí calendar 101–102
Balinese saka calendar 1866–1867
Bengali calendar 1352
Berber calendar 2895
British Regnal year 9  Geo. 6   10  Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar 2489
Burmese calendar 1307
Byzantine calendar 7453–7454
Chinese calendar 甲申年 (Wood  Monkey)
4641 or 4581
     to 
乙酉年 (Wood  Rooster)
4642 or 4582
Coptic calendar 1661–1662
Discordian calendar 3111
Ethiopian calendar 1937–1938
Hebrew calendar 5705–5706
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2001–2002
 - Shaka Samvat 1866–1867
 - Kali Yuga 5045–5046
Holocene calendar 11945
Igbo calendar 945–946
Iranian calendar 1323–1324
Islamic calendar 1364–1365
Japanese calendar Shōwa 20
(昭和20年)
Javanese calendar 1875–1876
Juche calendar 34
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4278
Minguo calendar ROC 34
民國34年
Nanakshahi calendar 477
Thai solar calendar 2488
Tibetan calendar 阳木猴年
(male Wood-Monkey)
2071 or 1690 or 918
     to 
阴木鸡年
(female Wood-Rooster)
2072 or 1691 or 919

1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1945th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 945th year of the 2nd millennium, the 45th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1940s decade.

Contents

1945 marked the end of World War II and the fall of Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japan. It is also the only year in which nuclear weapons have been used in combat.

Events

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

January

January 27 - The Soviet Red Army liberates Auschwitz. Bundesarchiv Bild 183-32279-007, KZ Auschwitz, Eingang.jpg
January 27 – The Soviet Red Army liberates Auschwitz.

February

February 4 - The "Big Three" at the Yalta Conference: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin. Yalta Conference (Churchill, Roosevelt, Stalin) (B&W).jpg
February 4 – The "Big Three" at the Yalta Conference: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin.
February 19 - During the Battle of Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines land on the island. USMC-M-IwoJima-cvr.jpg
February 19 – During the Battle of Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines land on the island.

March

April

April 7 - Japanese battleship Yamato explodes after persistent attacks from U.S. aircraft during the Battle of Okinawa. Yamato battleship explosion.jpg
April 7Japanese battleship Yamato explodes after persistent attacks from U.S. aircraft during the Battle of Okinawa.
April 30 - Adolf Hitler, along with his wife Eva Braun, committed suicide. Stars & Stripes & Hitler Dead2.jpg
April 30Adolf Hitler, along with his wife Eva Braun, committed suicide.

May

May - Marines of 1st Marine Division fighting on Okinawa. Ww2 158.jpg
May – Marines of 1st Marine Division fighting on Okinawa.
May 8 - American soldiers fighting in the Pacific theater listen to radio reports of Victory in Europe Day. Americans on Okinawa hear of victory in Europe.jpg
May 8 – American soldiers fighting in the Pacific theater listen to radio reports of Victory in Europe Day.
May 9 - Prague is liberated by the Red Army. Prague liberation 1945 konev.jpg
May 9 – Prague is liberated by the Red Army.

June

June 5 - Dwight Eisenhower, Georgy Zhukov and Arthur Tedder. Montgomery receives Order of Victory HD-SN-99-02756 cropped.JPG
June 5Dwight Eisenhower, Georgy Zhukov and Arthur Tedder.

July

July 16 - Trinity test at night in New Mexico. Trinity shot color.jpg
July 16Trinity test at night in New Mexico.

August

August 9 - The mushroom cloud from the nuclear bomb dropped on Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. Nagasakibomb.jpg
August 9 – The mushroom cloud from the nuclear bomb dropped on Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air.
August 18 - Surrender of the Japanese Army in Central China (Memorial in Wuhan). Zhongshan Warship Tourist Area - Victory memorial - P1540113.JPG
August 18 – Surrender of the Japanese Army in Central China (Memorial in Wuhan).

September

September 2 - Japan signs the Instrument of Surrender aboard the USS Missouri. Mamoru Shigemitsu signs the Instrument of Surrender, officially ending the Second World War.jpg
September 2 – Japan signs the Instrument of Surrender aboard the USS Missouri.

October

October 18 - Nuremberg trials begin, after Buchenwald closes. Buchenwald Slave Laborers Liberation.jpg
October 18Nuremberg trials begin, after Buchenwald closes.
October 24 - United Nations formed. Shown above is its flag (the modern version is slightly retouched). Flag of the United Nations (1945-1947).svg
October 24United Nations formed. Shown above is its flag (the modern version is slightly retouched).

November

December

Date unknown

Births

Births
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

Stephen Stills StephenStillsMay2007.jpg
Stephen Stills
Sir Rod Stewart Rod stewart 05111976 12 400.jpg
Sir Rod Stewart
Javed Akhtar Javed Aktar 2010.jpg
Javed Akhtar
Tom Selleck Tom Selleck at PaleyFest 2014.jpg
Tom Selleck

February

Bob Marley Bob-Marley 3 (cropped).jpg
Bob Marley
Mia Farrow Pulitzer2018-mia-farrow-20180530-wp.jpg
Mia Farrow
Yoshinori Ohsumi Nobel Laureates 7428 (30679389523) (cropped).jpg
Yoshinori Ohsumi
Maud Adams Maud Adams 2019.jpg
Maud Adams
Douglas Hofstadter Hofstadter2002.jpg
Douglas Hofstadter
Brenda Fricker Brenda Fricker (2106633526) (cropped).jpg
Brenda Fricker
Barry Bostwick Barry Bostwick Photo Op GalaxyCon Raleigh 2022 (cropped).jpg
Barry Bostwick
Daniel Olbrychski Daniel Olbrychski 2019.jpg
Daniel Olbrychski

March

Rodrigo Duterte President Rodrigo Duterte portrait (cropped).jpg
Rodrigo Duterte
Walt Frazier Walt Frazier (cropped).jpg
Walt Frazier
Eric Clapton Eric Clapton - Royal Albert Hall - Wednesday 24th May 2017 EricClaptonRAH240517-30 (34987232355) (cropped).jpg
Eric Clapton
Edwin Catmull Ed Catmull at Web Summit 2015 (cropped).jpg
Edwin Catmull

April

Tuila'epa Sa'ilele Malielegaoi Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi 2018.jpg
Tuila'epa Sa'ilele Malielegaoi
Ana Lucia Torre Ana Lucia Torre.jpg
Ana Lúcia Torre
Bjorn Ulvaeus Bjorn Ulvaeus in May 2013.jpg
Björn Ulvaeus

May

Bob Seger Bob Seger 2013.jpg
Bob Seger
Yochanan Vollach Yochanan Vollach 1970.jpg
Yochanan Vollach
Pete Townshend Pete Townshend (2012).jpg
Pete Townshend
Priscilla Presley Priscilla Presley 2014.jpg
Priscilla Presley
John Fogerty John Forgerty in 2000.jpg
John Fogerty
Laurent Gbagbo Laurent Gbagbo (2008).jpg
Laurent Gbagbo

June

John Carlos John Carlos (cropped).jpg
John Carlos
Wolfgang Schussel W Schuessel7.jpg
Wolfgang Schüssel
Aung San Suu Kyi Remise du Prix Sakharov a Aung San Suu Kyi Strasbourg 22 octobre 2013-18.jpg
Aung San Suu Kyi
Adrienne Barbeau AdrienneBarbeauJune2011.jpg
Adrienne Barbeau
Anne Murray Anne Murray in November 1970 (close crop).png
Anne Murray
Radovan Karadzic RadovanKaradzic.jpg
Radovan Karadžić
Chandrika Kumaratunga Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga.jpg
Chandrika Kumaratunga

July

Debbie Harry Debbie Harry.jpg
Debbie Harry
Burt Ward Burt Ward by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Burt Ward
Moncef Marzouki Moncef Marzouki2.jpg
Moncef Marzouki
Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia HRH Crown Prince Alexander II with Legion of Honour.jpg
Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia
Dame Helen Mirren Helen Mirren-2208 (cropped).jpg
Dame Helen Mirren
Jim Davis Jim Davis cropped.jpg
Jim Davis
Patrick Modiano Patrick Modiano 6 dec 2014 - 22.jpg
Patrick Modiano
David Sanborn David Sanborn 2008 2.jpg
David Sanborn

August

Steve Martin Steve Martin, 120th Anniversary Of Carnegie Hall (cropped).jpg
Steve Martin
Vince McMahon Vince McMahon 2.jpg
Vince McMahon
Wyomia Tyus Wyomia Tyus 1968.jpg
Wyomia Tyus
Sir Van Morrison Van morrison, slieve donard 2015.jpg
Sir Van Morrison
Bob Welch Bob Welch and Jimmy Robinson at the Record Plant in Sausilito CA.jpg
Bob Welch

September

Jessye Norman Jessye Norman- In Conversation with Tom Hall (15977754135) (cropped).jpg
Jessye Norman
Franz Beckenbauer Franz Beckenbauer - 2019102190253 2019-04-12 Radio Regenbogen Award 2019 - Sven - 1D X MK II - 0369 - AK8I9538.jpg
Franz Beckenbauer
Bryan Ferry Bryan Ferry (6891697914) (cropped).jpg
Bryan Ferry
Ehud Olmert Flickr - Government Press Office (GPO) - P.M. Olmert with Shahar Peer and Udi Gal (cropped) (cropped).jpg
Ehud Olmert

October

Ram Nath Kovind Ram Nath Kovind official portrait.jpg
Ram Nath Kovind
Don McLean Don McLean in Gateshead UK May 2018.jpg
Don McLean
Viktor Saneyev Viktor Saneyev c1972.jpg
Viktor Saneyev
John Lithgow John Lithgow at Met Opera Opening in 2008.jpg
John Lithgow
Jaclyn Smith JacklynSmithJune06.jpg
Jaclyn Smith
Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva Lula - foto oficial05012007.jpg
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
Henry Winkler Henry Winkler (43968252532).jpg
Henry Winkler

November

Neil Young DesertTrip2016-140 (29685063324) (cropped).jpg
Neil Young
Goldie Hawn Goldie Hawn at TED 2008 cropped.jpg
Goldie Hawn
John McVie FleetMacTulsa031018-79 (30294524767) (Cropped).jpg
John McVie
James Avery James Avery.jpg
James Avery

December

Bette Midler Bette Midler 2021 Kennedy Center Honors (cropped).jpg
Bette Midler
Julie Heldman Julie Heldman 1969.jpg
Julie Heldman
Portia Simpson-Miller Portia Miller Shoot.Jpeg
Portia Simpson-Miller
Ernie Hudson Ernie Hudson by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Ernie Hudson
Diane Sawyer Diane Sawyer May 2014 (cropped).jpg
Diane Sawyer
Davy Jones Davy Jones (Geneva, IL, 2006).jpg
Davy Jones

Deaths

January

Ricardo Jimenez Oreamuno Ricardo Jimenez Oreamuno.jpg
Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno
Else Lasker-Schuler Else Lasker-Schuler 1875.jpg
Else Lasker-Schüler
Pedro Abad Santos Pedro Abad Santos.jpg
Pedro Abad Santos
Blessed Nikolaus Gross Nikolaus Gross Ikone sel.gesprochen 2001.JPG
Blessed Nikolaus Gross
Pedro Paulet Pedro Paulet, padre de la Aeronautica.PNG
Pedro Paulet

February

Anne Frank Anne Frank passport photo, May 1942.jpg
Anne Frank
Eric Liddell Eric Liddell.jpg
Eric Liddell
Jose Maria Moncada Jose Maria Moncada 1910.jpg
José María Moncada

March

Takeichi Nishi Baron Nishi cropped.jpg
Takeichi Nishi
David Lloyd George David Lloyd George.jpg
David Lloyd George
Hans Fischer Hans Fischer (Nobel).jpg
Hans Fischer

April

Dietrich Bonhoeffer Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1987-074-16, Dietrich Bonhoeffer.jpg
Dietrich Bonhoeffer
Franklin D. Roosevelt FDR 1944 Color Portrait.jpg
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Benito Mussolini Mussolini biografia.jpg
Benito Mussolini
Adolf Hitler Bundesarchiv Bild 183-H1216-0500-002, Adolf Hitler.jpg
Adolf Hitler

May

Joseph Goebbels Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1968-101-20A, Joseph Goebbels.jpg
Joseph Goebbels
Prince Waldemar of Prussia Prince Waldemar Wilhelm Ludwig Friedrich of, Germany.jpg
Prince Waldemar of Prussia
Prince Kan'in Kotohito Prince Kanin Kotohito(cropped).jpg
Prince Kan'in Kotohito
Heinrich Himmler Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S72707, Heinrich Himmler.jpg
Heinrich Himmler

June

Luis Fernando de Orleans y Borbon Prince Luis Fernando d'Orleans.jpg
Luís Fernando de Orleans y Borbón
Emil Hacha Emil Hacha 5.jpg
Emil Hácha

July

Oscar R. Benavides Oscar R. Benavides (retouched).jpg
Óscar R. Benavides
John Curtin JohnCurtin.jpg
John Curtin

August

Robert H. Goddard Dr. Robert H. Goddard - GPN-2002-000131.jpg
Robert H. Goddard
Karl Leisner 1502 Leisner.jpg
Karl Leisner
Florencio Harmodio Arosemena El Ingeniero Don Florencio Harmodio Arosemena.jpg
Florencio Harmodio Arosemena

September

John S. McCain Sr. Vice-Admiral John S McCain.jpg
John S. McCain Sr.
Hans Geiger Hans geiger.jpg
Hans Geiger
Bela Bartok Bartok Bela 1927.jpg
Béla Bartók

October

Pierre Laval Pierre Laval a Meurisse 1931.jpg
Pierre Laval
Plutarco Elias Calles Plutarco Elias Calles recorte.png
Plutarco Elías Calles

November

Sigurdur Eggerz Sigurdur Eggerz.jpg
Sigurður Eggerz

December

Richard Weisz Richard Weisz 1908 matchbox label 2.jpg
Richárd Weisz
Fumimaro Konoe Fumimaro Konoe(cropped).jpg
Fumimaro Konoe
George S. Patton General George S Patton.jpg
George S. Patton
Duy Tan Duytan.jpg
Duy Tân

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1939</span> Calendar year

1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1939th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 939th year of the 2nd millennium, the 39th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1930s decade.

1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1944th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 944th year of the 2nd millennium, the 44th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1940s decade.

1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1942nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 942nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 42nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1940s decade.

1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1943rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 943rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 43rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1940s decade.

1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1946th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 946th year of the 2nd millennium, the 46th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1940s decade.

1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1941st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 941st year of the 2nd millennium, the 41st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1940s decade.

1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1937th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 937th year of the 2nd millennium, the 37th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1930s decade.

1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1940th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 940th year of the 2nd millennium, the 40th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1940s decade.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">End of World War II in Europe</span> Final battles as well as the surrender by Nazi Germany

The final battle of the European Theatre of World War II continued after the definitive overall surrender of Nazi Germany to the Allies, signed by Field marshal Wilhelm Keitel on 8 May 1945 in Karlshorst, Berlin. After German dictator Adolf Hitler's suicide and handing over of power to German Admiral Karl Dönitz in May of 1945, the Soviet troops conquered Berlin and accepted German surrender led by Dönitz. The last battles were fought as part of the Eastern Front which ended in the total surrender of all of Nazi Germany’s remaining armed forces, such as in the Courland Pocket from Army Group North in the Baltics lasting until 10 May 1945 and in Czechoslovakia during the Prague offensive on 11 May 1945.

The following events occurred in April 1945:

Events from the year 1945 in the United States. World War II ended during this year following the surrender of Germany in May and that of Japan in September.

This is a timeline of the events that stretched over the period of World War II from January 1945 to 1991, its conclusion and legal aftermath.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">May 1945</span> Month of 1945

The following events occurred in May 1945:

1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1938th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 938th year of the 2nd millennium, the 38th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1930s decade.

Events from the year 1943 in the United States.

Events in the year 1944 in Germany.

Events in the year 1945 in Germany.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">February 1945</span> Month of 1945

The following events occurred in February 1945:

The following events occurred in March 1945:

The following events occurred in September 1945:

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