1945

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1945 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1945
MCMXLV
Ab urbe condita 2698
Armenian calendar 1394
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԴ
Assyrian calendar 6695
Bahá'í calendar 101–102
Balinese saka calendar 1866–1867
Bengali calendar 1352
Berber calendar 2895
British Regnal year 9  Geo. 6   10  Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar 2489
Burmese calendar 1307
Byzantine calendar 7453–7454
Chinese calendar 甲申(Wood  Monkey)
4641 or 4581
     to 
乙酉年 (Wood  Rooster)
4642 or 4582
Coptic calendar 1661–1662
Discordian calendar 3111
Ethiopian calendar 1937–1938
Hebrew calendar 5705–5706
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2001–2002
 - Shaka Samvat 1866–1867
 - Kali Yuga 5045–5046
Holocene calendar 11945
Igbo calendar 945–946
Iranian calendar 1323–1324
Islamic calendar 1364–1365
Japanese calendar Shōwa 20
(昭和20年)
Javanese calendar 1875–1876
Juche calendar 34
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4278
Minguo calendar ROC 34
民國34年
Nanakshahi calendar 477
Thai solar calendar 2488
Tibetan calendar 阳木猴年
(male Wood-Monkey)
2071 or 1690 or 918
     to 
阴木鸡年
(female Wood-Rooster)
2072 or 1691 or 919

1945 ( MCMXLV ) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar , the 1945th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 945th year of the 2nd millennium , the 45th year of the 20th century , and the 6th year of the 1940s decade. This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year that begins on Monday, 1 January, and ends on Monday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is G. The most recent year of such kind was 2018 and the next one will be 2029 in the Gregorian calendar, or likewise, 2013, 2019, and 2030 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 1900, was also a common year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar. See below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year of this type contains two Friday the 13ths in April and July. Leap years starting on Sunday share this characteristic, but also have another in January.

Contents

Events

Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 70 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

January

January 27: The Soviet Red Army liberates Auschwitz. Bundesarchiv Bild 183-32279-007, KZ Auschwitz, Eingang.jpg
January 27: The Soviet Red Army liberates Auschwitz.

January is the first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and the first of seven months to have a length of 31 days. The first day of the month is known as New Year's Day. It is, on average, the coldest month of the year within most of the Northern Hemisphere and the warmest month of the year within most of the Southern Hemisphere. In the Southern hemisphere, January is the seasonal equivalent of July in the Northern hemisphere and vice versa.

Allied advance from Paris to the Rhine conflict

The Allied advance from Paris to the Rhine, also known as the Siegfried Line Campaign, was a phase in the Western European Campaign of World War II.

United States Army Land warfare branch of the United States Armed Forces

The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the seven uniformed services of the United States, and is designated as the Army of the United States in the United States Constitution. As the oldest and most senior branch of the U.S. military in order of precedence, the modern U.S. Army has its roots in the Continental Army, which was formed to fight the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)—before the United States of America was established as a country. After the Revolutionary War, the Congress of the Confederation created the United States Army on 3 June 1784 to replace the disbanded Continental Army. The United States Army considers itself descended from the Continental Army, and dates its institutional inception from the origin of that armed force in 1775.

February

The "Big Three" at the Yalta Conference: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin, February 4, 1945. Yalta Conference (Churchill, Roosevelt, Stalin) (B&W).jpg
The "Big Three" at the Yalta Conference: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin, February 4, 1945.
During the Battle of Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines land on the island, February 19, 1945. USMC-M-IwoJima-cvr.jpg
During the Battle of Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines land on the island, February 19, 1945.

The troopship SS General von Steuben is sunk by the Soviet submarine S-13; 3,608 drown. [4]

March

April

The Japanese battleship Yamato explodes after persistent attacks from U.S. aircraft during the Battle of Okinawa, April 7, 1945. Yamato battleship explosion.jpg
The Japanese battleship Yamato explodes after persistent attacks from U.S. aircraft during the Battle of Okinawa, April 7, 1945.
Adolf Hitler, along with his wife Eva Braun, committed suicide on April 30, 1945. Stars & Stripes & Hitler Dead2.jpg
Adolf Hitler, along with his wife Eva Braun, committed suicide on April 30, 1945.

May

Marines of 1st Marine Division fighting on Okinawa, May 1945. Ww2 158.jpg
Marines of 1st Marine Division fighting on Okinawa, May 1945.

June

Dwight Eisenhower, Georgy Zhukov and Arthur Tedder on June 5, 1945. Montgomery receives Order of Victory HD-SN-99-02756 cropped.JPG
Dwight Eisenhower, Georgy Zhukov and Arthur Tedder on June 5, 1945.

July

July 16: Trinity test at night in New Mexico. Trinity shot color.jpg
July 16: Trinity test at night in New Mexico.
July 26 - Clement Attlee became British Prime Minister. Clement Attlee.jpg
July 26 – Clement Attlee became British Prime Minister.

August

August 9: The mushroom cloud from the nuclear bomb dropped on Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. Nagasakibomb.jpg
August 9: The mushroom cloud from the nuclear bomb dropped on Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air.
September 2: Japan signs the Instrument of Surrender aboard the USS Missouri. Shigemitsu-signs-surrender.jpg
September 2: Japan signs the Instrument of Surrender aboard the USS Missouri.

September

August 18: The surrender of the Japanese Army in Central China, 1945-09-18. (Memorial in Wuhan) Zhongshan Warship Tourist Area - Victory memorial - P1540113.JPG
August 18: The surrender of the Japanese Army in Central China, 1945-09-18. (Memorial in Wuhan)

October

October 24: The United Nations is formed. This was its flag. The modern version is slightly retouched. Flag of the United Nations (1945-1947).svg
October 24: The United Nations is formed. This was its flag. The modern version is slightly retouched.
October 18: Nuremberg trials begin, after Buchenwald closed. Buchenwald Slave Laborers Liberation.jpg
October 18: Nuremberg trials begin, after Buchenwald closed.

November

December

Date unknown

Births

Births
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

Stephen Stills Stephen Stills -- The Rides, Jun 2016.jpg
Stephen Stills
Rod Stewart Rod stewart 05111976 12 400.jpg
Rod Stewart
Javed Akhtar Javed Aktar 2010.jpg
Javed Akhtar
Dave Walker DaveWalker-Bozeman-SLAMFest.jpg
Dave Walker
Tom Selleck Tom Selleck 2010.jpg
Tom Selleck

February

Bob Marley Bob-Marley.jpg
Bob Marley
Mia Farrow Pulitzer2018-mia-farrow-20180530-wp.jpg
Mia Farrow
Maud Adams Maud Adams.jpg
Maud Adams
Barry Bostwick Barry Bostwick 2016.jpg
Barry Bostwick

March

George Miller George Miller (35706244922).jpg
George Miller
Micky Dolenz Micky Dolenz at the 2009 Tribeca Film Festival.jpg
Micky Dolenz
Charles Greene Charles Greene 1970.jpg
Charles Greene
Rodrigo Duterte Rodrigo Duterte June 2016.jpg
Rodrigo Duterte
Eric Clapton Eric Clapton 01May2015.jpg
Eric Clapton

April

Tommy Smith Tommy Smith (1966).jpg
Tommy Smith
Naftali Temu Naftali Temu 1968.jpg
Naftali Temu
Bjorn Ulvaeus Bjorn Ulvaeus in May 2013.jpg
Björn Ulvaeus

May

Bob Seger Bob Seger 2013.jpg
Bob Seger
Pete Townshend Pete Townshend (2012).jpg
Pete Townshend
Priscilla Presley Priscilla Presley 2014.jpg
Priscilla Presley
John Fogerty John Fogerty.jpg
John Fogerty
Laurent Gbagbo Laurent Gbagbo (2008).jpg
Laurent Gbagbo

June

Wolfgang Schussel W Schuessel7.jpg
Wolfgang Schüssel
Ken Livingstone Ken Livingstone. Any Questions, 2016.jpg
Ken Livingstone
Aung San Suu Kyi Aung San Suu Kyi 17 November 2011.jpg
Aung San Suu Kyi
Anne Murray Anne Murray.jpg
Anne Murray
Radovan Karadzic Evstafiev-Radovan Karadzic 3MAR94.jpg
Radovan Karadžić
Carly Simon Carly Simon (1989).jpg
Carly Simon
Jose Miguel Arroyo Jose Miguel Arroyo departing St. Luke's Medical Center (cropped).jpg
Jose Miguel Arroyo
Chandrika Kumaratunga Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga As The President of Sri Lanka.jpg
Chandrika Kumaratunga

July

Debbie Harry Blondie en el Summercase 08 de Barcelona.jpg
Debbie Harry
Burt Ward Burt Ward by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Burt Ward
Ron Glass Ron Glass at 2005 Serenity Premiere.jpg
Ron Glass
Helen Mirren Helen Mirren 2014.jpg
Helen Mirren
Jim Davis Jim Davis cropped.jpg
Jim Davis

August

Steve Martin Steve Martin, 2017-08-11.jpg
Steve Martin
Vince McMahon Vince McMahon 2.jpg
Vince McMahon
Wyomia Tyus Wyomia Tyus 1968.jpg
Wyomia Tyus
Van Morrison VanMorrison2.jpg
Van Morrison
Bob Welch Bob Welch and Jimmy Robinson at the Record Plant in Sausilito CA.jpg
Bob Welch

September

Jessye Norman Jessye Norman.jpg
Jessye Norman
Franz Beckenbauer Franz Beckenbauer - 2019102190253 2019-04-12 Radio Regenbogen Award 2019 - Sven - 1D X MK II - 0369 - AK8I9538.jpg
Franz Beckenbauer
Bryan Ferry Bryan Ferry (6891697914).jpg
Bryan Ferry
Ehud Olmert Olmert.jpg
Ehud Olmert

October

Rod Carew Rod Carew 2008.jpg
Rod Carew
Don McLean Don McLean in 2012.jpg
Don McLean
Viktor Saneyev Viktor Saneyev c1972.jpg
Viktor Saneyev
John Lithgow John Lithgow 8 by David Shankbone.jpg
John Lithgow
Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva Lula - foto oficial05012007.jpg
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
Henry Winkler Henry Winkler (8530353007).jpg
Henry Winkler

November

Neil Young Neil Young, Heart of Gold.jpg
Neil Young
Goldie Hawn Goldie Hawn - 1978.jpg
Goldie Hawn
John McVie J McVie.jpg
John McVie
James Avery James Avery.jpg
James Avery

December

Bette Midler BetteMidler90cropped.jpg
Bette Midler
Portia Simpson-Miller Portia Miller Shoot.Jpeg
Portia Simpson-Miller
Ernie Hudson Ernie Hudson by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Ernie Hudson
Diane Sawyer Diane Sawyer 2011 Shankbone.JPG
Diane Sawyer
Lemmy Motorhead-IMG 6375.jpg
Lemmy
Davy Jones Davy Jones (Geneva, IL, 2006).jpg
Davy Jones

Deaths

January

Ricardo Jimenez Oreamuno Ricardo Jimenez Oreamuno.jpg
Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno
Peteris Jurasevskis Peteris Jurasevskis.jpg
Pēteris Juraševskis
Else Lasker-Schuler Else Lasker-Schuler 1875.jpg
Else Lasker-Schüler
Pedro Abad Santos Pedro Abad Santos.jpg
Pedro Abad Santos
Blessed Nikolaus Gross Nikolaus Gross Ikone sel.gesprochen 2001.JPG
Blessed Nikolaus Gross
Pedro Paulet Pedro Paulet, padre de la Aeronautica.PNG
Pedro Paulet

February

Anne Frank AnneFrankSchoolPhoto.jpg
Anne Frank
Eric Liddell Eric Liddell.jpg
Eric Liddell
Jose Maria Moncada Jose Maria Moncada 1910.jpg
José María Moncada

March

Takeichi Nishi Baron Nishi cropped.jpg
Takeichi Nishi
Blessed Marcel Callo Statue de Marcel Callo en l'eglise Saint Aubin de Rennes.JPG
Blessed Marcel Callo
David Lloyd George David Lloyd George.jpg
David Lloyd George
Hans Fischer Hans Fischer (Nobel).jpg
Hans Fischer

April

Giuseppe Girotti GIUSEPPE GIROTTI O.P.png
Giuseppe Girotti
Dietrich Bonhoeffer Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1987-074-16, Dietrich Bonhoeffer.jpg
Dietrich Bonhoeffer
Franklin D. Roosevelt FDR 1944 Color Portrait.jpg
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Benito Mussolini Mussolini mezzobusto.jpg
Benito Mussolini
Adolf Hitler Bundesarchiv Bild 183-H1216-0500-002, Adolf Hitler.jpg
Adolf Hitler

May

Joseph Goebbels Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1989-0821-502, Joseph Goebbels.jpg
Joseph Goebbels
Prince Waldemar of Prussia Pince Waldemar2.jpg
Prince Waldemar of Prussia
Prince Kan'in Kotohito Prince Kanin Kotohito.jpg
Prince Kan'in Kotohito
Heinrich Himmler Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R99621, Heinrich Himmler.jpg
Heinrich Himmler

June

Emil Hacha Emil Hacha.jpg
Emil Hacha
Prince Luis Fernando de Orleans y Borbon Prince Luis Fernando d'Orleans.jpg
Prince Luís Fernando de Orleans y Borbón
Germogen Arkhiepiskop Geormogen (Maksimov). 1934.jpg
Germogen

July

Oscar R. Benavides Oscar Benavides.jpg
Óscar R. Benavides
John Curtin JohnCurtin.jpg
John Curtin

August

Robert H. Goddard Dr. Robert H. Goddard - GPN-2002-000131.jpg
Robert H. Goddard
Karl Leisner 1502 Leisner.jpg
Karl Leisner
Florencio Harmodio Arosemena Florencio Harmodio Arosemena.jpg
Florencio Harmodio Arosemena

September

John S. McCain Sr. Vice-Admiral John S McCain.jpg
John S. McCain Sr.
Johannes Hans Geiger Hans geiger.jpg
Johannes Hans Geiger
Bela Bartok Bartok Bela 1927.jpg
Béla Bartók

October

Pierre Laval Pierre Laval a Meurisse 1931.jpg
Pierre Laval
Plutarco Elias Calles Plutarco Elias Calles.jpg
Plutarco Elias Calles

November

Sigurdur Eggerz Sigurdur Eggerz.jpg
Sigurdur Eggerz

December

Fumimaro Konoe Fumimaro Konoe.jpg
Fumimaro Konoe
George S. Patton Pattonphoto.jpg
George S. Patton
Duy Tan Vua Duy Tan nho.jpg
Duy Tan

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

1952 Year

1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1952nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 952nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1950s decade.

1939 Year

1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1939th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 939th year of the 2nd millennium, the 39th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1930s decade. This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.

1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1944th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 944th year of the 2nd millennium, the 44th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1940s decade.

1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1942nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 942nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 42nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1940s decade.

1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1943rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 943rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 43rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1940s decade.

1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1946th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 946th year of the 2nd millennium, the 46th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1940s decade.

1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1941st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 941st year of the 2nd millennium, the 41st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1940s decade.

1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1919th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 919th year of the 2nd millennium, the 19th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1919, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1956th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 956th year of the 2nd millennium, the 56th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1950s decade.

1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1936th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 936th year of the 2nd millennium, the 36th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1930s decade.

1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1937th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 937th year of the 2nd millennium, the 37th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1930s decade.

1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1991st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 991st year of the 2nd millennium, the 91st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1990s decade.

1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1940th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 940th year of the 2nd millennium, the 40th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1940s decade.

1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1921st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 921st year of the 2nd millennium, the 21st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1921, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1932nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 932nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 32nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1930s decade.

1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1934th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 934th year of the 2nd millennium, the 34th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1930s decade.

1945 in the United States USA-related events during the year of 1945

Events from the year 1945 in the United States. World War II ended during this year following the surrender of Germany in May and that of Japan in September.

1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1938th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 938th year of the 2nd millennium, the 38th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1930s decade.

1942 in the United States USA-related events during the year of 1942

Events from the year 1942 in the United States.

1943 in the United States

Events from the year 1943 in the United States.

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Further reading