1945

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1945 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1945
MCMXLV
Ab urbe condita 2698
Armenian calendar 1394
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԴ
Assyrian calendar 6695
Baháʼí calendar 101–102
Balinese saka calendar 1866–1867
Bengali calendar 1352
Berber calendar 2895
British Regnal year 9  Geo. 6   10  Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar 2489
Burmese calendar 1307
Byzantine calendar 7453–7454
Chinese calendar 甲申年 (Wood  Monkey)
4642 or 4435
     to 
乙酉年 (Wood  Rooster)
4643 or 4436
Coptic calendar 1661–1662
Discordian calendar 3111
Ethiopian calendar 1937–1938
Hebrew calendar 5705–5706
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2001–2002
 - Shaka Samvat 1866–1867
 - Kali Yuga 5045–5046
Holocene calendar 11945
Igbo calendar 945–946
Iranian calendar 1323–1324
Islamic calendar 1364–1365
Japanese calendar Shōwa 20
(昭和20年)
Javanese calendar 1875–1876
Juche calendar 34
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4278
Minguo calendar ROC 34
民國34年
Nanakshahi calendar 477
Thai solar calendar 2488
Tibetan calendar 阳木猴年
(male Wood-Monkey)
2071 or 1690 or 918
     to 
阴木鸡年
(female Wood-Rooster)
2072 or 1691 or 919

1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1945th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 945th year of the 2nd millennium, the 45th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1940s decade.

Contents

1945 marked the end of World War II and the fall of Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japan. It is also the year concentration camps were liberated and the only year in which atomic weapons have been used in combat.

Events

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

January

January 27 - The Soviet Red Army liberates Auschwitz. Bundesarchiv Bild 183-32279-007, KZ Auschwitz, Eingang.jpg
January 27 – The Soviet Red Army liberates Auschwitz.

February

February 4 - The "Big Three" at the Yalta Conference: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin. Yalta Conference (Churchill, Roosevelt, Stalin) (B&W).jpg
February 4 – The "Big Three" at the Yalta Conference: Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin.
February 19 - During the Battle of Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines land on the island. USMC-M-IwoJima-cvr.jpg
February 19 – During the Battle of Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines land on the island.

March

April

April 7 - Japanese battleship Yamato explodes after persistent attacks from U.S. aircraft during the Battle of Okinawa. Yamato battleship explosion.jpg
April 7Japanese battleship Yamato explodes after persistent attacks from U.S. aircraft during the Battle of Okinawa.
April 30 - Adolf Hitler, along with his wife Eva Braun, commits suicide. Stars & Stripes & Hitler Dead2.jpg
April 30Adolf Hitler, along with his wife Eva Braun, commits suicide.

May

May - Marines of 1st Marine Division fighting on Okinawa. Ww2 158.jpg
May – Marines of 1st Marine Division fighting on Okinawa.
May 8 - American soldiers fighting in the Pacific theater listen to radio reports of Victory in Europe Day. Americans on Okinawa hear of victory in Europe.jpg
May 8 – American soldiers fighting in the Pacific theater listen to radio reports of Victory in Europe Day.
May 9 - Prague is liberated by the Red Army. Prague liberation 1945 konev.jpg
May 9 – Prague is liberated by the Red Army.

June

June 5 - Dwight Eisenhower, Georgy Zhukov and Arthur Tedder. Montgomery receives Order of Victory HD-SN-99-02756 cropped.JPG
June 5Dwight Eisenhower, Georgy Zhukov and Arthur Tedder.

July

July 16 - Trinity test at night in New Mexico. Trinity shot color.jpg
July 16Trinity test at night in New Mexico.

August

August 9 - The mushroom cloud from the nuclear bomb dropped on Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. Nagasakibomb.jpg
August 9 – The mushroom cloud from the nuclear bomb dropped on Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air.
August 18 - Surrender of the Japanese Army in Central China (Memorial in Wuhan). Zhongshan Warship Tourist Area - Victory memorial - P1540113.JPG
August 18 – Surrender of the Japanese Army in Central China (Memorial in Wuhan).

September

September 2 - Japan signs the Instrument of Surrender aboard the USS Missouri. Mamoru Shigemitsu signs the Instrument of Surrender, officially ending the Second World War.jpg
September 2 – Japan signs the Instrument of Surrender aboard the USS Missouri.
September 9 - Japanese troops formally relinquish control of Southern Korea over to the United States, effectively ending Japan's 35-year rule over Korea. Japanese flag down US flag up.png
September 9 – Japanese troops formally relinquish control of Southern Korea over to the United States, effectively ending Japan's 35-year rule over Korea.

October

October 18 - Nuremberg trials begin, after Buchenwald closes. Buchenwald Slave Laborers Liberation.jpg
October 18Nuremberg trials begin, after Buchenwald closes.
October 24 - United Nations formed. Shown above is its flag (the modern version is slightly retouched). Flag of the United Nations (1945-1947).svg
October 24United Nations formed. Shown above is its flag (the modern version is slightly retouched).

November

December

Date unknown

Births

Births
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December
Stephen Stills Stephen Stills 2012-10-22 2.jpg
Stephen Stills
Sir Rod Stewart Rod Stewart at Xcel Center DSC 0470 (14905955253) cropped.jpg
Sir Rod Stewart
Javed Akhtar Javed Akhtar in 2012.jpg
Javed Akhtar
Tom Selleck Tom Selleck at PaleyFest 2014.jpg
Tom Selleck
Bob Marley Bob-Marley.jpg
Bob Marley
Edwin Catmull Ed Catmull at Web Summit 2015 (cropped).jpg
Edwin Catmull
Tuila`epa Sa`ilele Malielegaoi Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi 2018.jpg
Tuilaʻepa Saʻilele Malielegaoi
Ana Lucia Torre Ana Lucia Torre.jpg
Ana Lúcia Torre
Bjorn Ulvaeus Bjorn Ulvaeus in May 2013.jpg
Björn Ulvaeus
Bob Seger Bob Seger 2013.jpg
Bob Seger
Yochanan Vollach Yochanan Vollach 1970.jpg
Yochanan Vollach
Priscilla Presley Priscilla Presley 2014.jpg
Priscilla Presley
Laurent Gbagbo Laurent Gbagbo (2008).jpg
Laurent Gbagbo
John Carlos John Carlos (cropped).jpg
John Carlos
Wolfgang Schussel W Schuessel7.jpg
Wolfgang Schüssel
Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia HRH Crown Prince Alexander II with Legion of Honour.jpg
Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia
Dame Helen Mirren Helen Mirren-2208 (cropped).jpg
Dame Helen Mirren
Patrick Modiano Patrick Modiano 6 dec 2014 - 22.jpg
Patrick Modiano
David Sanborn David Sanborn 2008 2.jpg
David Sanborn
Steve Martin Steve Martin, 120th Anniversary Of Carnegie Hall (cropped).jpg
Steve Martin
Wyomia Tyus Wyomia Tyus 1968.jpg
Wyomia Tyus
Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva 2023.jpg
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Deaths

January

Ricardo Jimenez Oreamuno Ricardo Jimenez Oreamuno.jpg
Ricardo Jiménez Oreamuno
Else Lasker-Schuler Else Lasker-Schuler 1875.jpg
Else Lasker-Schüler

February

Anne Frank Anne Frank passport photo, May 1942.jpg
Anne Frank
Jose Maria Moncada Jose Maria Moncada 1910.jpg
José María Moncada
Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy ANTolstoy.jpg
Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy

March

David Lloyd George David Lloyd George.jpg
David Lloyd George
Hans Fischer Hans Fischer (Nobel).jpg
Hans Fischer

April

Franklin D. Roosevelt FDR 1944 Color Portrait.jpg
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Benito Mussolini Mussolini biografia.jpg
Benito Mussolini
Adolf Hitler Hitler portrait crop.jpg
Adolf Hitler

May

Joseph Goebbels Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1968-101-20A, Joseph Goebbels.jpg
Joseph Goebbels
Prince Waldemar of Prussia Prince Waldemar Wilhelm Ludwig Friedrich of, Germany.jpg
Prince Waldemar of Prussia
Prince Kan'in Kotohito Prince Kanin Kotohito with handlebar moustaches (cropped).jpg
Prince Kan'in Kotohito

June

Luis Fernando de Orleans y Borbon Prince Luis Fernando d'Orleans.jpg
Luís Fernando de Orleans y Borbón

July

Oscar R. Benavides Oscar Benavides.jpg
Óscar R. Benavides

August

Florencio Harmodio Arosemena El Ingeniero Don Florencio Harmodio Arosemena.jpg
Florencio Harmodio Arosemena

September

Bela Bartok Bartok Bela 1927.jpg
Béla Bartók

October

Pierre Laval Pierre Laval a Meurisse 1931.jpg
Pierre Laval

November

Sigurdur Eggerz Sigurdur Eggerz.jpg
Sigurður Eggerz

December

George S. Patton General George S Patton.jpg
George S. Patton

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1918th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 918th year of the 2nd millennium, the 18th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1918, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1939</span> Calendar year

1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1939th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 939th year of the 2nd millennium, the 39th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1930s decade.

1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1944th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 944th year of the 2nd millennium, the 44th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1940s decade.

1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1942nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 942nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 42nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1940s decade.

1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1943rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 943rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 43rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1940s decade.

1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1946th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 946th year of the 2nd millennium, the 46th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1940s decade.

1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1941st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 941st year of the 2nd millennium, the 41st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1940s decade.

1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1937th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 937th year of the 2nd millennium, the 37th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1930s decade.

1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1940th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 940th year of the 2nd millennium, the 40th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1940s decade.

The following events occurred in April 1945:

Events from the year 1945 in the United States. World War II ended during this year following the surrender of Germany in May and that of Japan in September.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Timeline of World War II (1943)</span> List of significant events occurring during World War II in 1943

This is a timeline of events that occurred during World War II in 1943.

This is a timeline of the events that stretched over the period of late World War II, its conclusion and legal aftermath, from January 1945 to 1991.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">May 1945</span> Month of 1945

The following events occurred in May 1945:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1942 in the United States</span> List of events

Events from the year 1942 in the United States.

Events from the year 1943 in the United States.

Events in the year 1944 in Germany.

Events in the year 1945 in Germany.

The following events occurred in March 1945:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">September 1945</span> Month of 1945

The following events occurred in September 1945:

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Further reading