1948 in Turkey

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1948
in
Turkey

Centuries:
Decades:
See also: List of years in Turkey

Events in the year 1948 in Turkey. [1]

Parliament

Incumbents

President of Turkey head of state and of government of Turkey

The President of the Republic of Turkey is the head of state and head of government of the Republic of Turkey. Following the 2018 general election, the incumbent office-holder assumed the role of an Executive President and holds both ceremonial and executive status. In this capacity, the President represents the Republic of Turkey, and the unity of the Turkish nation, as well as ensuring the implementation of the Constitution of Turkey and the organized and harmonious functioning of the organs of state. The articles from 101 to 106 of the Constitution establish all the requirements, election, duties, and responsibilities for the office of the President. The office of the President of Turkey was established with the proclamation of the Republic of Turkey on 29 October 1923. The President of Turkey is often referred to as the Cumhurbaşkanı, meaning 'President of the People'.

İsmet İnönü Turkish general and statesman

Mustafa İsmet İnönü was a Turkish general and statesman, who served as the second President of Turkey from 10 November 1938 to 27 May 1950, when his Republican People's Party was defeated in Turkey's second free elections. He also served as the first Chief of the General Staff from 1922 to 1924, and as the first Prime Minister after the declaration of the Republic, serving three terms: from 1923 to 1924, 1925 to 1937, and 1961 to 1965. As President, he was granted the official title of "Millî Şef".

Prime Minister of Turkey head of government of Turkey until 9 July 2018

The Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey was the head of government of the Republic of Turkey from 1920 to 2018. The prime minister was the leader of a political coalition in the Turkish parliament (Meclis) and the leader of the cabinet. The last holder of the position is Binali Yıldırım of the Justice and Development Party (AKP), who took office on 24 May 2016.

Ruling party and the main opposition

Republican Peoples Party (Turkey) social-democratic political party in Turkey

The Republican People's Party is a Kemalist and social-democratic political party in Turkey. It is the oldest political party in the country, and is currently the main opposition in the Grand National Assembly. The CHP describes itself as "a modern social democratic party, which is faithful to the founding principles and values of the Republic of Turkey". The party is cited as "the founding party of modern Turkey". Its logo consists of the Six Arrows, which represent the foundational principles of Kemalism: republicanism, nationalism, statism, populism, laicism, and reformism.

Cabinet

16th government of Turkey (up to 10 June)
17th government of Turkey (from 10 June)

Events

Akbank T.A.Ş. is one of the largest banks in Turkey. Founded in 1948, it had revenues of nearly TL 13.7 billion in 2017. Listed on the Borsa Istanbul, its largest shareholders are members of the Sabancı family.

Kahramanmaraş Metropolitan municipality in Mediterranean, Turkey

Kahramanmaraş is a city in the Mediterranean Region of Turkey and the administrative center of Kahramanmaraş Province. Before 1973, Kahramanmaraş was named Maraş. The city lies on a plain at the foot of the Ahir Dağı and has a population of 1,112,634 as of 2017. The region is best known for its distinctive ice cream, and its production of salep, a powder made from dried orchid tubers. It is connected by air to Istanbul and Ankara. Turkish Airlines has daily direct flights from İstanbul and also AnadoluJet operates direct flights from Ankara.

<i>Hürriyet</i> Turkish newspaper

Hürriyet is one of the major Turkish newspapers, founded in 1948. As of January 2018, it had the highest circulation of any newspaper in Turkey at around 319,000. Hürriyet has a mainstream, liberal and conservative outlook. Hürriyet's editorial line may be considered middle-market, combining entertainment value with comprehensive news coverage and a strong cadre of columnists.

Births

Pembe Nihal Munsif , better known as Nil Burak, is a Turkish Cypriot pop singer and actress who is famous in Turkey and Cyprus.

Ahmet Vefik Alp is a Turkish architect and urbanist.

Ayşe Soysal is a Turkish mathematician. She was the president of Boğaziçi University in Istanbul during 2004 to 2008.

Deaths

Hulusi Behçet Turkish dermatologist

Hulusi Behçet was a Turkish dermatologist and scientist. He described a disease of inflamed blood vessels in 1937, which is named after him as Behçet's disease. His portrait was depicted on a former Turkish postcard stamp.

Sabahattin Ali Turkish writer and poet

Sabahattin Ali was a Turkish novelist, short-story writer, poet, and journalist.

See also

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Events in the year 1947 in Turkey.

Events in the year 1949 in Turkey.

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Events in the year 1926 in Turkey.

The 5th Grand National Assembly of Turkey existed from 8 February 1935 to 3 April 1939. There were 444 MPs in the parliament all of which were the members of the Republican People’s Party (CHP)). 5th parliament was the first Turkish parliament in which women deputies were elected.

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References

  1. Türkiye'nin 70 yılı, Tempo, İstanbul, 1998, pp 102–107
  2. Biography page