All 121 seats of the House of Representatives
61 seats were needed for a majority in the House
42 (of the 60) seats of the Senate
Popular vote by state with graphs indicating the number of seats won. As this is an IRV election, seat totals are not determined by popular vote by state but instead via results in each electorate.
The 1949 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 10 December 1949. All 121 seats in the House of Representatives and 42 of the 60 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Labor Party, led by Prime Minister Ben Chifley, was defeated by the opposition Liberal–Country coalition under Robert Menzies. Menzies became prime minister for a second time, his first period having ended in 1941. This election marked the end of the 8-year Curtin-Chifley Labor Government that had been in power since 1941 and started the 23-year Liberal/Country Coalition Government. This was the first time the Liberal party won government at the federal level.
The number of MPs in both houses had been increased at the election, and single transferable vote under a proportional voting system had been introduced in the Senate. Though Labor lost government, Labor retained a Senate majority at the election. However, this ended at the 1951 election. With the Senate changes in place, Labor has not held a Senate majority since.
Future Prime Ministers William McMahon and John Gorton both entered parliament at this election.
The election hinged on the policies of the Federal Labor Government, especially bank nationalisation. Prime Minister Chifley intended to bring all of the banks under Government control, a socialist policy which the Coalition argued was not in the country's interest. The Coalition promised to end unpopular wartime rationing. The election took place against the background of the 1949 Australian coal strike, the developing Cold War and growing fears of communism.
Robert Menzies broke new ground in using the radio as his primary method of reaching voters.
|Party||Votes||%||Swing||Seats Won||Seats Held||Change|
|Liberal–Country joint ticket||1,871,849||44.65||+6.53||16||N/A||N/A|
|Independents / Ungrouped||71,723||1.71||+1.03||0||0||0|
|Australian Capital Territory, ACT||new division||3.8||Lewis Nott||Independent|
|Ballaarat, Vic||Labor||Reg Pollard||3.1||3.1||0.4||Alan Pittard||Liberal|
|Bass, Tas||Labor||Claude Barnard||7.0||6.8||0.6||Bruce Kekwick||Liberal|
|Blaxland, NSW||Lang Labor||notional - new seat||N/A||53.4||3.4||Jim Harrison||Labor|
|Bowman, Qld||Labor||notional - new seat||N/A||1.4||3.8||Malcolm McColm||Liberal|
|Corio, Vic||Labor||John Dedman||7.2||6.7||0.3||Hubert Opperman||Liberal|
|Curtin, WA||Labor||notional - new seat||N/A||13.8||11.2||Paul Hasluck||Liberal|
|Darling Downs, Qld||Country||Arthur Fadden||N/A||1.9||12.5||Reginald Swartz||Liberal|
|Dawson, Qld||Labor||notional - new seat||N/A||9.8||8.6||Charles Davidson||Country|
|Denison, Tas||Labor||Frank Gaha||7.0||10.9||5.1||Athol Townley||Liberal|
|Farrer, NSW||Country||notional - new seat||N/A||58.8||8.8||David Fairbairn||Liberal|
|Forrest, WA||Labor||Nelson Lemmon||2.3||4.4||2.8||Gordon Freeth||Liberal|
|Gwydir, NSW||Labor||William Scully||1.2||9.2||5.1||Thomas Treloar||Country|
|Hume, NSW||Labor||Arthur Fuller||4.2||5.9||1.0||Charles Anderson||Country|
|Indi, Vic||Country||John McEwen||N/A||59.7||9.7||William Bostock||Liberal|
|Kingston, SA||Labor||notional - new seat||N/A||8.4||1.6||Jim Handby||Liberal|
|Lawson, NSW||Labor||notional - new seat||N/A||7.6||5.8||Laurie Failes||Country|
|Leichhardt, Qld||Labor||notional - new seat||N/A||9.2||1.7||Tom Gilmore||Country|
|Lowe, NSW||Labor||notional - new seat||N/A||9.0||8.5||William McMahon||Liberal|
|McMillan, Vic||Country||notional - new seat||N/A||6.1||6.9||Geoffrey Brown||Liberal|
|McPherson, Qld||Liberal||notional - new seat||N/A||5.1||24.2||Arthur Fadden||Country|
|Mitchell, NSW||Labor||notional - new seat||N/A||12.8||6.9||Roy Wheeler||Liberal|
|Northern Territory, NT||Independent||Adair Blain||N/A||8.6||2.7||Jock Nelson||Labor|
|Paterson, NSW||Labor||notional - new seat||N/A||8.6||8.5||Allen Fairhall||Liberal|
|Riverina, NSW||Labor||Joe Langtry||0.6||3.8||3.5||Hugh Roberton||Country|
|Robertson, NSW||Labor||Thomas Williams||3.8||11.5||4.2||Roger Dean||Liberal|
|St George, NSW||Labor||notional - new seat||N/A||16.2||2.0||Bill Graham||Liberal|
|Sturt, SA||Labor||notional - new seat||N/A||8.9||2.8||Keith Wilson||Liberal|
|Swan, WA||Labor||notional||N/A||10.2||2.4||Bill Grayden||Liberal|
|Wannon, Vic||Labor||Don McLeod||1.2||3.8||0.8||Dan Mackinnon||Liberal|
|Wimmera, Vic||Country||Winton Turnbull||N/A||5.6||14.9||William Lawrence||Liberal|
As of this election, single transferable vote with proportional representation became the method for electing the Senate. This was to try to prevent the Senate from being dominated by one party, which had often occurred previously. For example, coming into this election the ALP held 33 of the 36 Senate seats, whilst the conservatives at the 1919 election held 35 of the 36 Senate seats. In addition, the House of Representatives was enlarged from 74 to 121 seats and the Senate from 36 to 60 members. All 121 lower house seats, and 42 of the 60 upper house seats, were up for election.
The Chifley Government was defeated, ending the longest period of Labor Federal Government in Australian history up to that date (1941–49). Labor would not return to office until 1972. Robert Menzies became Prime Minister for the second time, and the Liberal Party of Australia won government federally for the first time.
Joseph Benedict Chifley was an Australian politician who served as the 16th Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1945 to 1949. He was leader of the Labor Party from 1945 until his death.
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On 22 September 1951, a referendum was held in Australia which sought approval for the federal government to alter the constitution to give Parliament the power to make laws regarding communism and communists, so that the Parliament is empowered to instate a law similar to the Communist Party Dissolution Act of 1950. It was not carried.
The 1963 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 30 November 1963. All 122 seats in the House of Representatives were up for election. The incumbent Liberal–Country coalition government, led by Prime Minister Robert Menzies, won an increased majority over the opposition Labor Party, led by Arthur Calwell. This was the first and only time both the Liberal Party or any party won a 7th successive election.
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The 1955 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 10 December 1955. All 122 seats in the House of Representatives and 30 of the 60 seats in the Senate were up for election. An early election was called to bring the House and Senate elections back in line; the previous election in 1954 had been House-only. The incumbent Liberal–Country coalition led by Prime Minister Robert Menzies increased its majority over the opposition Labor Party, led by H. V. Evatt.
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The 1951 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 28 April 1951. All 121 seats in the House of Representatives and all 60 seats in the Senate were up for election, due to a double dissolution called after the Senate rejected the Commonwealth Bank Bill. The incumbent Liberal–Country coalition led by Prime Minister Robert Menzies defeated the opposition Labor Party led by Ben Chifley with a modestly reduced majority, and secured a majority in the Senate. This was the last time the Labor party ever held a Senate majority. Chifley died just over a month after the election.
The 1946 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 28 September 1946. All 74 seats in the House of Representatives and 19 of the 36 seats in the Senate were up for election. The incumbent Labor Party led by Prime Minister Ben Chifley defeated the opposition Liberal–Country coalition, led by Robert Menzies. It was the Liberal Party's first federal election since its creation. This was the first time the Labor party had won a second consecutive election. This was also the last time the Labor party would win a federal election until the 1972 election.
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The Menzies Government (1949–1966) refers to the second period of federal executive government of Australia led by Prime Minister Robert Menzies. It was made up of members of a Liberal-Country Party coalition in the Australian Parliament from 1949–1966. Menzies led the Liberal-Country Coalition to election victories in 1949, 1951, 1954, 1955, 1958, 1961 and 1963. Robert Menzies was Australia's longest serving Prime Minister. He had served a previous term as Prime Minister as leader of the United Australia Party from 1939–1941.
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