1955 Last updated February 07, 2019 Events March March – A young Jim Henson builds the first version of Kermit the Frog. March 2 Claudette Colvin, a fifteen-year-old African-American girl, refuses to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama, to a white woman after the driver demands it. She is carried off the bus backwards while being kicked and handcuffed and harassed on the way to the police station. She becomes a plaintiff in (1956) which rules bus segregation to be unconstitutional. Browder v. Gayle Serious floods in Australia. March 5 WBBJ-TV signs on the air in the Jackson, Tennessee, with WDXI as its initial call-letters, to expanded American commercial television in mostly-rural areas. Elvis Presley makes his television debut on "Louisiana Hayride" carried by KSLA-TV Shreveport (although audio recordings exists, there is no known video footage of this appearance). March 7 – The Broadway musical version of , which had opened in Peter Pan 1954 starring Mary Martin, is presented on television for the first time by NBC-TV with its original cast, as an installment of . It is also the first time that a stage musical is presented in its entirety on TV almost exactly as it was performed on stage. This program gains the largest viewership of a TV special up to this time, and it becomes one of the first great TV family musical classics. Producers' Showcase March 17 – Richard Riot in Montreal: 6,000 people protest the suspension of French Canadian ice hockey star Maurice Richard of the Montreal Canadiens by the National Hockey League following a violent incident during a match. March 19 – KXTV signs on the air in Sacramento, California. March 20 – The movie adaptation of Evan Hunter's novel premieres in the United States, featuring the famous single " Blackboard Jungle Rock Around the Clock" by Bill Haley & His Comets. Teenagers jump from their seats to dance to the song. May May 5 – West Germany becomes a sovereign country recognized by important Western foreign countries, such as France, the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States. May 6 – Western European Union charter effective. May 7 – Newcastle United win the Football League First Division title for the fourth time. As of 2018 they are yet to win it since. May 9 – West Germany joins the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). May 11 – Japanese National Railways' ferry after collision with sister ship Shiun Maru sinks Uko Maru in thick fog off Takamatsu, Shikoku, in the Seto Inland Sea of Japan; 166 passengers (many children) and two crew are killed. This event is influential in plans to construct the Akashi Kaikyō Bridge (built 1986-98). May 12 – New York's Third Avenue Elevated runs its last train between Chathem Square in Manhattan and East 149th Street in the Bronx, thus ending elevated train service in Manhattan. May 14 – Eight Communist Bloc countries, including the Soviet Union, sign a mutual defence treaty in Warsaw, Poland, that is called the Warsaw Pact. It will be dissolved in 1991. May 15 – Austrian State Treaty, which restores Austria's national sovereignty, is concluded between the four occupying powers following World War II (the United Kingdom, the United States, the Soviet Union, and France) and Austria, setting it up as a neutral country. May 25 – Joe Brown and George Band are the first to attain the summit of Kangchenjunga in the Himalayas, as part of a British team led by Charles Evans. July Hillevi Rombin, Miss Universe 1955 July 7 – The New Zealand Special Air Service is formed. July 13 – Ruth Ellis is hanged for murder in London, becoming the last woman ever to be executed in the United Kingdom. July 17 July 18 The first nuclear-generated electrical power is sold commercially, partially powering the town of Arco, Idaho. Illinois Governor William Stratton signs the Loyalty Oath Act, passed by the state legislature, which mandates all public employees take a loyalty oath to Illinois and the United States, or lose their jobs. The first Geneva Summit meeting between the United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and France begins. It ends on July 23. July 22 – In Long Beach, U.S.A., Hillevi Rombin of Sweden was crowned Miss Universe. July 27 – El Al Flight 402 from Vienna, Austria to Tel Aviv via Istanbul is shot down over Bulgaria. All 58 passengers and crewmen aboard the Lockheed Constellation are killed. July 28 – The first Interlingua Congress in Tours, France, leading to foundation of the Union Mundial pro Interlingua. October October 2 – debuts on the Alfred Hitchcock Presents CBS TV network in the United States. October 3 – debuts on the The Mickey Mouse Club ABC-TV network in the United States. October 4 – The Reverend Sun Myung Moon is released from prison in Seoul, South Korea. October 5 – Disneyland Hotel opens to the public in Anaheim, California. October 11 – 70-mm film for projection is introduced with the theatrical release of Rodgers and Hammerstein's musical film, . Oklahoma! October 14 – Organization of Central American States secretariat inaugurated. October 20 – Disc jockey Bill Randle of WERE ( Cleveland) is the key presenter of a concert at Brooklyn High School (Ohio), featuring Pat Boone and Bill Haley & His Comets and opening with Elvis Presley, Elvis's first filmed performance, for a documentary on Randle titled . The Pied Piper of Cleveland October 26 October 27 – Film , starring Rebel Without a Cause James Dean, is released in the United States. October 29 – Soviet battleship explodes at moorings in Novorossiysk Sevastopol Bay, killing 608, the Soviet Union's worst naval disaster. December December 14: Tappan Zee Bridge opens December 4 – The International Federation of Blood Donor Organizations was founded in Luxembourg. December 5 December 9 – Adnan Menderes of DP forms the new government of Turkey (22nd government) December 10 – Australian federal election, 1955: Robert Menzies' Liberal/ Country Coalition Government is re-elected with a substantially increased majority, defeating the Labor Party led by H.V. Evatt. This election came in the immediate aftermath of the devastating split in the Labor Party, which led to the formation of the Democratic Labor Party. The DLP would preference against Labor and keep the Coalition in office until 1972. December 14 The Tappan Zee Bridge over the Hudson River in New York State opens to traffic. Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Finland, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Laos, Libya, Nepal, Portugal, Romania, Spain, and Sri Lanka join the United Nations simultaneously, after several years of moratorium on admitting new members that began during the Korean War. December 20 – Cardiff is declared by the British Government as the capital of Wales. December 22 – American cytogeneticist Joe Hin Tjio discovers the correct number of human chromosomes, forty-six. December 31 – General Motors becomes the first American corporation to make a profit of over one billion dollars in one year. World population World population: 2,755,823,000 Africa: 246,746,000 Asia: 1,541,947,000 Europe: 575,184,000 South America: 190,797,000 North America: 186,884,000 Oceania: 14,265,000 Births January Adriana Ocampo Rowan Atkinson J. K. Simmons Kevin Costner Simon Rattle Neil Bush Eddie Van Halen John Roberts Nicolas Sarkozy January 1 January 2 – Vivien Savage, French singer January 5 January 6 – Rowan Atkinson, English comedian and actor January 9 – J. K. Simmons, American actor January 10 – Michael Schenker, German guitarist ( Scorpions, UFO, Michael Schenker Group) January 13 January 14 – Kim Renders, Canadian writer, director, actor and designer (d. 2018) January 15 January 17 January 18 January 19 – Sir Simon Rattle, English orchestral conductor January 20 January 21 – Jeff Koons, American artist January 22 January 23 – Ruth Haring, American chess player (d. 2018) January 25 – Petra Gerster, German television presenter and newscaster January 26 January 27 January 28 January 29 February Miguel Ferrer Kelsey Grammer Steve Jobs Gilbert Gottfried February 1 – Hans Werner Olm, German television and film comedian February 2 – Leszek Engelking, Polish poet, writer and translator February 3 – Kirsty Wark, Scottish television presenter February 6 February 7 – Miguel Ferrer, American actor (d. 2017) February 8 February 9 February 10 February 12 – Ai Satō, Japanese voice actress February 13 – Akiko Yano, Japanese singer-songwriter February 15 February 17 – Mo Yan, Chinese writer February 19 – Jeff Daniels, American actor February 21 – Kelsey Grammer, American actor and comedian February 22 – David Axelrod, American political analyst February 23 February 24 February 28 – Gilbert Gottfried, American actor and comedian March Penn Jillette Nina Hagen Gary Sinise Jair Bolsonaro Bruce Willis Brendan Gleeson Angus Young March 1 March 2 March 3 – Kent Derricott, Canadian TV personality in Japan March 4 – Dominique Pinon, French actor March 5 March 6 March 7 March 8 – Don Ashby, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1981) March 9 March 10 March 11 – Nina Hagen, German pop singer March 13 March 15 March 16 March 17 – Gary Sinise, American actor, producer and director March 18 March 19 March 20 March 21 March 22 March 23 – Moses Malone, American basketball player (d. 2015) March 24 March 26 – Danny Arndt, Canadian ice hockey player March 27 – Mariano Rajoy, Prime Minister of Spain March 28 March 29 March 30 March 31 – Angus Young, lead guitarist of Australian rock group AC/DC April Princess Sirindhorn Akira Toriyama Michael Rooker Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg Kate Mulgrew April 2 – Sirindhorn, Princess Royal of Thailand April 3 April 5 April 6 – Michael Rooker, American actor April 7 April 8 April 9 – Kate Heyhoe, American food writer April 11 – Kevin Brady, American politician April 13 April 15 – Dodi Fayed, Egyptian businessman (d. 1997) April 16 April 17 April 18 – Bobby Castillo, American baseball player (d. 2014) April 21 April 23 April 24 April 25 April 26 – Chen Daoming, Chinese actor April 27 James Risen, American Pulitzer Prize-winning investigative reporter and author Eric Schmidt, American software engineer and businessman, CEO of Google (2001-2011) April 28 – Eddie Jobson, English musician April 29 April 30 – Zlatko Topčić, Bosnian writer and screenwriter June Dana Carvey Sam Simon Tim Richmond Griffin Dunne Laurie Metcalf Michel Platini Isabelle Adjani Tim Berners-Lee June 1 – Chiyonofuji Mitsugu, Japanese sumo wrestler (58th Yokozuna grand champion) (d. 2016) June 2 – Dana Carvey, American actor and comedian June 5 – Fernando Borrego Linares, Cuban singer and songwriter (aka Polo Montañez) June 6 June 7 June 8 June 10 June 11 – Yuriy Sedykh, Ukrainian hammer thrower June 14 Kim Lankford, American actress, businesswoman and horse wrangler Paul O'Grady (also known as "Lily Savage"), English talk show host and comedian June 15 June 16 – Laurie Metcalf, American actress June 18 – Sandy Allen, American, world's tallest woman (d. 2008) June 20 – Tor Nørretranders, Danish author June 21 June 22 June 23 June 24 June 25 June 26 June 27 June 28 – Shirley Cheriton, British actress June 29 June 30 August Billy Bob Thornton Richard Hilton Mike Huckabee Sergey Khlebnikov August 2 August 3 August 4 August 6 August 7 August 8 – Diddú (Sigrún Hjálmtýsdóttir), Icelandic soprano and songwriter August 9 – Doug Williams, American football quarterback August 10 – Mel Tiangco, Filipina television anchor, journalist and humanitarian August 12 August 13 – Daryl, American magician (d. 2017) August 14 – Gillian Taylforth, English television actress August 17 – Richard Hilton, American businessman August 19 August 20 – Agnes Chan, Hong Kong-born TV personality in Japan August 22 August 23 – David Learner, British actor, Stephen M.Papuzek August 24 – Mike Huckabee, American politician, Governor and 2008 Presidential candidate August 25 – John McGeoch, Scottish musician (d. 2004) August 27 August 30 August 31 – Edwin Moses, American athlete September Billy Blanks John Kricfalusi Charles Martinet Zucchero Fornaciari September 1 September 2 September 4 September 6 – Raymond Benson, American author September 7 – Efim Zelmanov, Russian mathematician September 9 September 12 – Peter Scolari, American actor and comedian September 15 September 16 September 17 September 18 – Bob Papenbrook, American actor and voice actor (d. 2006) September 19 – Richard Burmer, American composer, sound designer and musician (d. 2006) September 21 – Richard Hieb, American astronaut September 24 – Shinbo Nomura, Japanese manga artist September 25 September 28 – Stéphane Dion, Canadian politician September 29 – Joe Donnelly, American politician September 30 October Bill Gates Eduardo V. Manalo October 1 – P. B. Abdul Razak, Indian politician (d. 2018) October 2 – Philip Oakey, English synth-pop singer-songwriter ( The Human League) October 3 – Tommy Wiseau, American film director and actor, known for the 2003 "dark comedy" The Room October 5 October 7 Clinton Bennett, British scholar of religions, specialist in the study of Islam Yo-Yo Ma, French-born Chinese American cellist October 8 October 12 – Pat DiNizio, American singer-songwriter ( The Smithereens) (d. 2017) October 13 – Sergei Shepelev, Russian ice hockey player October 15 October 17 – Tyrone Mitchell, American murderer (d. 1984) October 18 October 19 October 20 October 21 October 24 October 25 – Glynis Barber, South African-born British actress October 28 October 29 October 30 – Jeremy Black, British historian October 31 – Eduardo V. Manalo, 3rd Executive Minister ( Tagapamahalang Pangkalahatan) of the (Church of Christ) Iglesia ni Cristo November Kris Jenner Maria Shriver Roland Emmerich Whoopi Goldberg Dianne de Leeuw Kevin Conroy November 1 – Joe Arroyo, Colombian salsa and tropical music singer (d. 2011) November 2 – Chris Burnett, American saxophone player, composer, veteran of US military jazz bands and band leader November 3 November 4 November 5 November 6 – Maria Shriver, American television journalist, host; First Lady of California November 7 November 9 – Karen Dotrice, Guernsey-born child actress November 10 – Roland Emmerich, German film director November 11 – Jigme Singye Wangchuck, King of Bhutan November 13 – Whoopi Goldberg, American actress and comedian November 14 – Koichi Nakano, Japanese bicycle racer November 17 – Peter Cox, English singer-songwriter ( Go West) November 17 – Bill Macatee, American Sports Broadcaster November 19 – Dianne de Leeuw, Dutch figure skater November 20 – Ray Ozzie, American computer programmer November 21 November 22 – George Alagiah, Ceylonese-born British newsreader, journalist and television news presenter November 23 November 24 November 25 – Bruno Tonioli, film, music video and theater choreographer November 26 – Tracy Hickman, American author November 27 – Bill Nye, American science presenter and public television host November 28 – Alessandro Altobelli, Italian football player November 29 – Howie Mandel, Canadian actor and game show host November 30 December Jane Kaczmarek December 3 December 4 – Maurizio Bianchi, Italian musician December 7 – Priscilla Barnes, American actress December 8 December 9 – Asashio Tarō IV, Japanese sumo wrestler December 12 – Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki, Greek politician and businesswoman December 16 December 17 – Brad Davis, American basketball player December 21 – Jane Kaczmarek, American actress December 23 December 24 December 27 – Barbara Olson, American television commentator (d. 2001) December 28 – Liu Xiaobo, Chinese literary critic and human rights activist, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (d. 2017) December 31 – Jim Tracy, American baseball player Deaths January Hans Hedtoft January 1 – Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar, Indian scientist (b. 1894) January 2 – José Antonio Remón Cantera, 19th President of Panama (assassinated) (b. 1908) January 6 – Yevgeny Tarle, Soviet historian (b. 1874) January 11 – Rodolfo Graziani, Italian general (b. 1882) January 15 January 18 – August Duesenberg, German-born American automobile manufacturer (b. 1879) January 20 – Robert P. T. Coffin, American poet (b. 1892) January 21 – Archie Hahn, American athlete (b. 1880) January 24 – Ira Hayes, U.S. Marine flag raiser on Iwo Jima (b. 1923) January 29 – Hans Hedtoft, 14th Prime Minister of Denmark (b. 1903) January 31 – John Mott, American YMCA leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1865) March Matthew Henson Sir Alexander Fleming March 3 – Katharine Drexel, American Roman Catholic saint (b. 1858) March 8 – William C. deMille, American screenwriter and director (b. 1878) March 9 – Matthew Henson, American explorer (b. 1866) March 11 – Sir Alexander Fleming, Scottish scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1881)  March 12 – Charlie Parker, American saxophonist (b. 1920) March 16 – Nicolas de Staël, Russian painter (b. 1914) March 19 – Mihály Károlyi, 1st President of Hungary and 20th Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1875) March 22 – Maurice Schutz, French actor (b. 1866) March 23 – Arthur Bernardes, 12th President of Brazil (b. 1875) March 24 – John W. Davis, American politician, diplomat, and lawyer (b. 1873) March 30 – Ylla, Hungarian photographer (b. 1911) (jeep accident) May George Enescu May 2 – Alexander Hore-Ruthven, 1st Earl of Gowrie, 10th Governor-General of Australia (b. 1872) May 4 May 10 May 11 – Gilbert Jessop, English cricketer (b. 1874) May 14 May 16 – James Agee, American writer (b. 1909) May 17 – Owen Roberts, American Supreme Court Justice (b. 1875) May 18 – Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator (b. 1875) May 19 – Concha Espina, Spanish writer (b. 1869) May 22 – Richard "Skeets" Gallagher, American actor (b. 1891) May 26 – Alberto Ascari, Italian race-car driver (accident) (b. 1918) May 30 – Bill Vukovich, American race-car driver (accident) (b. 1918) October José Ortega y Gasset Sadako Sasaki October 1 – Charles Christie, American film studio owner (b. 1880) October 4 – Alexander Papagos, Greek Field Marshal (b. 1883) October 7 – Rodolphe Seeldrayers, German journalist and administrator, 4th President of FIFA (b. 1876) October 8 – Iry LeJeune, Cajun musician (b. 1928) October 9 October 13 October 17 – Dimitrios Maximos, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1873) October 18 – José Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher (b. 1883) October 19 – John Hodiak, American actor (b. 1914) October 25 – Sadako Sasaki, Japanese atomic bomb sickness victim (b. 1943) October 27 – Juan de Dios Martínez, 23rd President of Ecuador (b. 1875) October 31 – William Woodward, Jr., American banker and horse breeder, shot to death by his wife (b. 1920) November Alfréd Hajós Shemp Howard November 1 – Dale Carnegie, American writer and lecturer (b. 1888) November 4 – Cy Young, American baseball player ( Cleveland Spiders) and a member of the MLB Hall of Fame (b. 1867) November 5 – Maurice Utrillo, French artist (b. 1882) November 7 – Tom Powers, American actor (b. 1890) November 11 – Jerry Ross, American lyricist and composer (b. 1926) November 12 – Alfréd Hajós, Hungarian swimmer and architect (b. 1878) November 13 – Moshe Pessach, chief rabbi of Volos (b. 1869) November 14 – Robert E. Sherwood, American playwright (b. 1896) November 15 – Lloyd Bacon, American actor and director (b. 1889) November 17 – Helmuth Weidling, German general (b. 1891) November 22 – Shemp Howard, American actor and comedian ( The Three Stooges) (b. 1895) November 27 – Arthur Honegger, French-born Swiss composer (b. 1892) November 30 – Alta Bates, nurse anesthetist and founder of Alta Bates Hospital (b. 1879) December Honus Wagner December 1 – Chief Thundercloud, American character actor (b. 1899) December 5 – Jirō Minami, Japanese general and Governor-General of Korea (1936-1942) (b. 1874) December 6 December 8 – Hermann Weyl, German mathematician, theoretical physicist and philosopher (b. 1885) December 13 – António Egas Moniz, Portuguese neurologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1874) December 15 – Otto Braun, German politician, former Minister President of the Free State of Prussia (b. 1872) December 21 – Garegin Nzhdeh, Armenian statesman (b. 1886) December 22 – Otto Eppers, American cartoonist (b. 1893) December 25 December 27 – Alfred Francis Blakeney Carpenter, English soldier (b. 1881) Nobel Prizes
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