1957–58 NHL season

Last updated
1957–58 NHL season
League National Hockey League
Sport Ice hockey
DurationOctober 8, 1957 – April 20, 1958
Number of games70
Number of teams6
Regular season
Season champion Montreal Canadiens
Season MVP Gordie Howe (Red Wings)
Top scorer Dickie Moore (Canadiens)
Stanley Cup
Champions Montreal Canadiens
  Runners-up Boston Bruins
NHL seasons

The 1957–58 NHL season was the 41st season of the National Hockey League. The Montreal Canadiens won the Stanley Cup for the third consecutive season, defeating the Boston Bruins four games to two in the best-of-seven final series.

Contents

League business

It was announced in September that Senator Hartland Molson had purchased 60% stock from the Canadian Arena Company and the Montreal Canadiens from Senator Donat Raymond.

Organization of Players' Association

Doug Harvey and Ted Lindsay led the drive to form (on February 11, 1957) the National Hockey League Players' Association (NHLPA), a workers' labour association, and sued the NHL over the issue of player pensions, salaries during training camp, meal allowances, remuneration for exhibition games and a no-trade clause after six years service. [1] Lindsay lost his captaincy of the Detroit Red Wings and was traded to Chicago, on July 23, 1957, in an effort to intimidate the players.

After the NHL declined to negotiate with the players over benefits and would not open the books on the pension plan, the player's association filed an antitrust lawsuit on October 10, 1957. The lawsuit alleged the monopolization of the professional hockey industry since 1926, in violation of the Sherman and Clayton Antitrust Acts. [2] Furthermore, On November 6, 1957, the Toronto Maple Leafs players voted unanimously to certify the union.

The NHL started to fight back. First, they traded Lindsay to Chicago to separate him from the Red Wings, the American team the NHLPA had targeted for a certification vote. Next, Jack Adams spread false stories in the press alleging various slanders had been made by Lindsay against the Red Wings players, and produced a fake contract to the press showing an over-inflated salary for Lindsay, greater than Hart Trophy MVP, teammate and friend Gordie Howe. The ruse worked and the Red Wings players decided to dis-associate themselves from the NHLPA on November 13, 1957. [3]

Part of the problem of organizing the players was confusion about the type of association they were forming. The NHLPA had applied, in Canada, to the Ontario Labour Relations Board for certification, but the ORLB had no experience with workers like hockey players. [4] NHLPA members negotiated individual contracts and wanted to continue to bargain this way. The matter of the NHLPA being an actual union, where the members were bound together and fought for collective agreements, was unclear. The NHLPA legal counsel, Milton Mound, addressed this, saying that the players would negotiate on matters common to all players (pensions, allowances) but retained the right to individual contracts. [5] The League, and especially Conn Smythe, argued that players were forming a "trade union" and were no better than "commies" and would lose things like individual bonuses. [6] He believed that hockey players were in the business of being "independent contractors" and had no right or reason for a collective organization. [7]

The confusion worried both employer and employee. The situation was exacerbated by the certification process. The OLRB was taking time, and no one knew how this transnational association would work, or how it would be recognized by the US National Labor Relations Board. [8] In fact, the NLRB asked the NHLPA to withdraw its unfair labor practices charge on November 20, 1957, arguing it did not have jurisdiction. This was followed by the Montreal Canadiens players rejection of the association in early January, 1958. [9]

The OLRB resumed meeting on January 7, but both the League and the players were concerned. The NHL was convinced that the ORLB was not going to dismiss the application, regardless of how they ruled on the union versus association issue, and the players were worried (given the setbacks in Detroit and Montreal) that they didn't have grounds to actually form an association (especially since they didn't want to be a traditional "union.") [10]

The players and owners both felt pressure to conclude something, so they gathered, without lawyers, for a 13-hour meeting in the boardroom of the Biltmore Hotel in Palm Beach, just after the regular NHL winter meetings. [11] In an out-of-court settlement on February 5, 1958, the NHL promised: [12]

Ross concludes:

In the end, the players had little to show for their rebellion. A few cosmetic changes were made, but even the communication problem did not seem to have been solved. Over the ensuing seasons the Owner-Player Council did not even meet regularly, and paternalism prevailed. It was not until 1967 that the idea of a union once again gained currency, again in an era of general revived interest across all the major league sports. The fundamental question at the root of the NHLPA failure was whether players really were laborers who could form a trade union. Seemingly caught in a space both commercial and non-commercial, players felt uneasy locating themselves wholly within either. This in itself reflected the success of the owners in using cultural formations to restrain their labor force. Led by Conn Smythe, the league appealed to cultural bonds of loyalty and tradition as justifications for retaining the existing economic structure of labor-management relations, long after other industries had been forced by the state to move toward formal, union-led collective bargaining arrangements. [13]

Regular season

This season saw the Montreal Canadiens regain first place overall, while the previous season's leader, the Detroit Red Wings, slipped to third. Montreal's Maurice "Rocket" Richard became the first NHL player to score 500 career goals, Jacques Plante won his third straight Vezina Trophy, and Doug Harvey his fourth straight Norris Trophy.

Glenn Hall, after two playoff years in which the Wings were eliminated, was traded, along with Ted Lindsay to the Chicago Black Hawks and Terry Sawchuk was brought back to Detroit in a deal that saw Larry Hillman and Johnny Bucyk go to Boston. Chicago almost made the playoffs, and Hall's goaltending, including seven shutouts, one of which was in his debut with the Hawks, made him a contender for the Hart Trophy.

On October 19, 1957, Rocket Richard, in a 3–1 win over Chicago, scored his 500th career goal, against Glenn Hall. He immediately dedicated it to his old coach Dick Irvin, who had died on May 15, 1957, after a long bout with bone cancer.

When Marcel Paille was brought up to the Rangers from Providence of the AHL for the ailing Gump Worsley, he sparkled, and Worsley was sent down to Providence, though he was eventually recalled. Worsley had his finest campaign up to this point, with a 2.32 goals-against average and four shutouts, and the Rangers finished second – their highest finish since 1941–42.

Two contenders for the Calder Memorial Trophy, Chicago's Bobby Hull and the Toronto Maple Leafs' Frank Mahovlich, battled all season for rookie honours. Mahovlich prevailed, although the Maple Leafs finished last in the NHL.

This season also saw the first player of African descent play in the league. Willie O'Ree suited up with the Boston Bruins on January 18, 1958, in a game against the Canadiens in Montreal.

Final standings

National Hockey League [14]
GPWLTGFGADIFFPts
1 Montreal Canadiens 70431710250158+9296
2 New York Rangers 70322513195188+777
3 Detroit Red Wings 70292912176207−3170
4 Boston Bruins 70272815199194+569
5 Chicago Black Hawks 7024397163202−3955
6 Toronto Maple Leafs 70213811192226−3453

Playoffs

The first-place Montreal Canadiens swept the third-place Detroit Red Wings to qualify for the Finals. In the other semifinal, the fourth-place Boston Bruins upset the second-seeded New York Rangers in six games to reach the Finals.

Playoff bracket

Semifinals Stanley Cup Finals
      
1Montreal4
3 Detroit 0
1Montreal4
4 Boston 2
2 New York 2
4Boston4

Semifinals

(1) Montreal Canadiens vs. (3) Detroit Red Wings

March 25Detroit Red Wings1–8Montreal Canadiens Montreal Forum Recap  
No scoringFirst period02:22 – Maurice Richard (1)
04:07 – pp – Maurice Richard (2)
06:20 – Jean Beliveau (1)
08:55 – ppBernie Geoffrion (1)
14:23 – Phil Goyette (1)
Johnny Wilson (1) – pp – 12:19Second period03:59 – Phil Goyette (2)
No scoringThird period12:17 – ppDickie Moore (1)
17:56 – Phil Goyette (3)
Terry Sawchuck Goalie stats Jacques Plante
March 27Detroit Red Wings1–5Montreal Canadiens Montreal Forum Recap  
No scoringFirst period18:04 – Phil Goyette (4)
Johnny Wilson (2) – 13:39Second period17:13 – Jean Beliveau (2)
No scoringThird period05:05 – ppMaurice Richard (3)
05:18 – Andre Pronovost (1)
12:23 – Maurice Richard (4)
Terry Sawchuck Goalie stats Jacques Plante
March 30Montreal Canadiens2–1OTDetroit Red Wings Olympia Stadium Recap  
No scoringFirst periodNo scoring
Dickie Moore (2) – pp – 16:00Second period14:07 – Forbes Kennedy (1)
No scoringThird periodNo scoring
Andre Pronovost (2) – 11:52First overtime periodNo scoring
Jacques Plante Goalie stats Terry Sawchuck
April 1Montreal Canadiens4–3Detroit Red Wings Olympia Stadium Recap  
No scoringFirst periodNo scoring
Maurice Richard (5) – 08:45Second period05:49 – Jack McIntyre (1)
10:27 – Gordie Howe (1)
11:13 – Billy McNeill (1)
Maurice Richard (6) – pp – 04:00
Dickie Moore (3) – pp – 09:07
Maurice Richard (7) – 09:56
Third periodNo scoring
Jacques Plante Goalie stats Terry Sawchuck
Montreal won series 4–0

(2) New York Rangers vs. (4) Boston Bruins

March 25Boston Bruins3–5New York Rangers Madison Square Garden III Recap  
Fleming MacKell (1) – 00:58
Jerry Toppazzini (1) – 07:21
First period04:40 – Larry Popein (1)
10:45 – shAndy Hebenton (1)
18:38 – ppCamille Henry (1)
Bronco Horvath (1) – 17:45Second period10:29 – ppDave Creighton (1)
No scoringThird period17:01 – Dave Creighton (2)
Harry Lumley Goalie stats Gump Worsley
March 27Boston Bruins4–3OTNew York Rangers Madison Square Garden III Recap  
Doug Mohns (1) – pp – 05:05
Don McKenney (1) – 19:38
First period05:28 – Andy Bathgate (1)
08:58 – pp – Andy Bathgate (2)
No scoringSecond period07:24 – Jean-Guy Gendron (1)
Don McKenney (2) – 11:13Third periodNo scoring
Jerry Toppazzini (2) – 04:46First overtime periodNo scoring
Don Simmons Goalie stats Gump Worsley
March 29New York Rangers0–5Boston Bruins Boston Garden Recap  
No scoringFirst period09:24 – ppDoug Mohns (2)
13:18 – ppDon McKenney (3)
17:40 – pp – Don McKenney (4)
No scoringSecond period04:01 – Buddy Boone (1)
No scoringThird period07:36 – shNorm Johnson (1)
Gump Worsley Goalie stats Don Simmons
April 1New York Rangers5–2Boston Bruins Boston Garden Recap  
Dean Prentice (1) – sh – 05:19
Dave Creighton (3) – pp – 09:47
First periodNo scoring
Andy Hebenton (2) – 10:17
Andy Bathgate (3) – sh – 15:12
Second period02:04 – ppJerry Toppazzini (3)
Andy Bathgate (4) – 19:41Third period11:32 – sh – Jerry Toppazzini (4)
Gump Worsley Goalie stats Don Simmons
April 3New York Rangers1–6Boston Bruins Boston Garden Recap  
No scoringFirst period06:43 – Fleming MacKell (2)
09:11 – ppBronco Horvath (2)
11:24 – Don McKenney (5)
Parker MacDonald (1) – 12:44Second period05:10 – shFern Flaman (1)
10:20 – Fern Flaman (2)
No scoringThird period16:32 – ppJerry Toppazzini (5)
Gump Worsley Goalie stats Don Simmons
April 5New York Rangers2–8Boston Bruins Boston Garden Recap  
Harry Howell (1) – 14:33First period00:58 – ppLarry Regan (1)
07:27 – shJerry Toppazzini (6)
11:04 – ppNorm Johnson (2)
17:20 – Fleming MacKell (3)
Andy Bathgate (5) – pp – 04:55Second period13:29 – Doug Mohns (3)
No scoringThird period08:29 – Fleming MacKell (4)
08:58 – Jerry Toppazzini (7)
17:49 – Jerry Toppazzini (8)
Gump Worsley Goalie stats Don Simmons
Boston won series 4–2

Stanley Cup Finals

The Canadiens made their eighth consecutive appearance in the Stanley Cup Finals and defeated the Bruins in six games. It was the Canadiens' third consecutive Stanley Cup triumph.

April 8Boston Bruins1–2Montreal Canadiens Montreal Forum Recap  
No scoringFirst period12:24 – ppBernie Geoffrion (2)
Allan Stanley (1) – pp – 05:54Second period13:52 – ppDickie Moore (4)
No scoringThird periodNo scoring
Don Simmons Goalie stats Jacques Plante
April 10Boston Bruins5–2Montreal Canadiens Montreal Forum Recap  
Norm Johnson (3) – 00:20
Don McKenney (6) – pp – 06:58
Bronco Horvath (3) – pp – 17:23
First period03:12 – ppBernie Geoffrion (3)
Larry Regan (2) – 05:00Second period07:00 – Doug Harvey (1)
Bronco Horvath (4) – 16:52Third periodNo scoring
Don Simmons Goalie stats Jacques Plante
April 13Montreal Canadiens3–0Boston Bruins Boston Garden Recap  
Maurice Richard (8) – 18:20First periodNo scoring
No scoringSecond periodNo scoring
Henri Richard (1) – 03:00
Maurice Richard (9) – 15:06
Third periodNo scoring
Jacques Plante Goalie stats Don Simmons
April 15Montreal Canadiens1–3Boston Bruins Boston Garden Recap  
No scoringFirst period05:35 – ppDon McKenney (7)
No scoringSecond period03:30 – Don McKenney (8)
Claude Provost (1)Third period02:30 – Jerry Toppazzini (9)
Jacques Plante Goalie stats Don Simmons
April 17Boston Bruins2–3OTMontreal Canadiens Montreal Forum Recap  
Fleming MacKell (5) – pp – 18:43First periodNo scoring
No scoringSecond period02:20 – Bernie Geoffrion (4)
03:02 – Jean Beliveau (3)
Bronco Horvath (5) – 10:35Third periodNo scoring
No scoringFirst overtime period05:45 – Maurice Richard (10)
Don Simmons Goalie stats Jacques Plante
April 20Montreal Canadiens5–3Boston Bruins Boston Garden Recap  
Bernie Geoffrion (5) – 00:46
Maurice Richard (11) – 01:54
First period18:35 – Don McKenney (9)
Jean Beliveau (4) – 06:42
Bernie Geoffrion (6) – 19:26
Second periodNo scoring
Doug Harvey (2) – 19:00Third period05:20 – Norm Johnson
13:41 – Larry Regan (3)
Jacques Plante Goalie stats Don Simmons
Montreal won series 4–2

Awards

Award winners
Prince of Wales Trophy:
(Regular season champion)
Montreal Canadiens
Art Ross Trophy:
(Top scorer)
Dickie Moore, Montreal Canadiens
Calder Memorial Trophy:
(Best first-year player)
Frank Mahovlich, Toronto Maple Leafs
Hart Trophy:
(Most valuable player)
Gordie Howe, Detroit Red Wings
James Norris Memorial Trophy:
(Best defenceman)
Doug Harvey, Montreal Canadiens
Lady Byng Memorial Trophy:
(Excellence and sportsmanship)
Camille Henry, New York Rangers
Vezina Trophy:
(Goaltender of team with the best goals-against average)
Jacques Plante, Montreal Canadiens

All-Star teams

First team  Position  Second team
Glenn Hall, Chicago Black Hawks G Jacques Plante, Montreal Canadiens
Doug Harvey, Montreal Canadiens D Fern Flaman, Boston Bruins
Bill Gadsby, New York Rangers D Marcel Pronovost, Detroit Red Wings
Henri Richard, Montreal Canadiens C Jean Beliveau, Montreal Canadiens
Gordie Howe, Detroit Red Wings RW Andy Bathgate, New York Rangers
Dickie Moore, Montreal Canadiens LW Camille Henry, New York Rangers

Player statistics

Scoring leaders

Note: GP = Games played, G = Goals, A = Assists, PTS = Points, PIM = Penalties in minutes

PlayerTeamGPGAPtsPIM
Dickie Moore Montreal Canadiens7036488465
Henri Richard Montreal Canadiens6728528056
Andy Bathgate New York Rangers6530487842
Gordie Howe Detroit Red Wings6433447740
Bronco Horvath Boston Bruins6730366671
Ed Litzenberger Chicago Black Hawks7032306263
Fleming Mackell Boston Bruins7020406072
Jean Beliveau Montreal Canadiens5527325993
Alex Delvecchio Detroit Red Wings7021385922
Don McKenney Boston Bruins7028305822

[15]

Leading goaltenders

Note: GP = Games played; Min – Minutes Played; GA = Goals Against; GAA = Goals Against Average; W = Wins; L = Losses; T = Ties; SO = Shutouts

PlayerTeamGPMINGAGAAWLTSO
Jacques Plante Montreal Canadiens5733861192.11341489
Lorne Worsley New York Rangers372220862.32211064
Don Simmons Boston Bruins392288922.41151495
Harry Lumley Boston Bruins241500712.84111033
Glenn Hall Chicago Black Hawks7042002002.86243977
Terry Sawchuk Detroit Red Wings7042002052.942929123
Marcel Paille New York Rangers3319801023.09111571
Ed Chadwick Toronto Maple Leafs7042002233.192138114

Coaches

Debuts

The following is a list of players of note who played their first NHL game in 1957–58 (listed with their first team, asterisk(*) marks debut in playoffs):

Last games

The following is a list of players of note who played their last game in the NHL in 1957–58 (listed with their last team):

See also

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References

Notes
  1. Ross, J. Andrew, Trust and Antitrust: The Failure of the First National Hockey League Players’ Association, 1957–1958 (The Journal of) Business and Economic History On-line, Vol.8, 2010, pp.4-5
  2. Ross, J. Andrew, Trust and Antitrust: The Failure of the First National Hockey League Players’ Association, 1957–1958 (The Journal of) Business and Economic History On-line, Vol.8, 2010, p.7
  3. Cruise, pp. 78–112.
  4. Ross, J. Andrew, Trust and Antitrust: The Failure of the First National Hockey League Players’ Association, 1957–1958 (The Journal of) Business and Economic History On-line, Vol.8, 2010, p.8
  5. Ross, J. Andrew, Trust and Antitrust: The Failure of the First National Hockey League Players’ Association, 1957–1958 (The Journal of) Business and Economic History On-line, Vol.8, 2010, p.9
  6. Ross, J. Andrew, Trust and Antitrust: The Failure of the First National Hockey League Players’ Association, 1957–1958 (The Journal of) Business and Economic History On-line, Vol.8, 2010, p.5 & 8
  7. Ross, J. Andrew, Trust and Antitrust: The Failure of the First National Hockey League Players’ Association, 1957–1958 (The Journal of) Business and Economic History On-line, Vol.8, 2010, p.10
  8. Ross, J. Andrew, Trust and Antitrust: The Failure of the First National Hockey League Players’ Association, 1957–1958 (The Journal of) Business and Economic History On-line, Vol.8, 2010, p.6
  9. Ross, J. Andrew, Trust and Antitrust: The Failure of the First National Hockey League Players’ Association, 1957–1958 (The Journal of) Business and Economic History On-line, Vol.8, 2010, pp,10-11
  10. Ross, J. Andrew, Trust and Antitrust: The Failure of the First National Hockey League Players’ Association, 1957–1958 (The Journal of) Business and Economic History On-line, Vol.8, 2010, p.11
  11. Ross, J. Andrew, Trust and Antitrust: The Failure of the First National Hockey League Players’ Association, 1957–1958 (The Journal of) Business and Economic History On-line, Vol.8, 2010, p.12
  12. Coleman, pp. 334–335.
  13. Ross, J. Andrew, Trust and Antitrust: The Failure of the First National Hockey League Players’ Association, 1957–1958 (The Journal of) Business and Economic History On-line, Vol.8, 2010, pp,13-14
  14. "1957–1958 Division Standings Standings - NHL.com - Standings". National Hockey League.
  15. Dinger 2011, p. 149.