1960 United States Census

Last updated

Eighteenth Census
of the United States
  1950
1970  
Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
U.S. Census Bureau Seal
General information
CountryUnited States
Date takenApril 1, 1960
Total population179,323,175
Percent changeIncrease2.svg 18.5%
Most populous state New York
16,827,000
Least populous state Alaska
228,000

The Eighteenth United States Census , conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 179,323,175, an increase of 18.5 percent over the 151,325,798 persons enumerated during the 1950 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over 200,000.

United States Census Decennial census mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution

The United States Census is a decennial census mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution, which states: “Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States... according to their respective Numbers.... The actual Enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years”. Section 2 of the 14th Amendment amended Article I, Section 2 to include that the "respective Numbers" of the "several States" will be determined by "counting the whole number of persons in each State... excluding Indians not taxed...” The United States Census Bureau is responsible for the United States Census. The Bureau of the Census is part of the United States Department of Commerce.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

An enumeration is a complete, ordered listing of all the items in a collection. The term is commonly used in mathematics and computer science to refer to a listing of all of the elements of a set. The precise requirements for an enumeration depend on the discipline of study and the context of a given problem.

Contents

Data availability

Microdata from the 1960 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Personally identifiable information will be available in 2032. [1]

In the study of survey and census data, microdata is information at the level of individual respondents. For instance, a national census might collect age, home address, educational level, employment status, and many other variables, recorded separately for every person who responds; this is microdata.

In statistics, aggregate data are data combined from several measurements. When data is aggregated, groups of observations are replaced with summary statistics based on those observations.

The National Historical Geographic Information System (NHGIS) is a historical GIS project to create and freely disseminate a database incorporating all available aggregate census information for the United States between 1790 and 2010. The project has created one of the largest collections in the world of statistical census information, much of which was not previously available to the research community because of legacy data formats and differences between metadata formats. The statistical and geographic data are disseminated free of charge through a sophisticated online data access system.

State rankings

StateRankPopulationRank Change
New York 116,827,000
California 215,850,000
Pennsylvania 311,343,000
Illinois 410,113,000
Ohio 59,739,000
Texas 69,617,000
Michigan 77,848,000
New Jersey 86,099,000
Massachusetts 95,167,000
Florida 104,951,560Increase2.svg10
Indiana 114,677,000
North Carolina 124,563,000Decrease2.svg️2
Missouri 134,331,000Decrease2.svg️1
Virginia 143,978,000Increase2.svg2
Wisconsin 153,964,000Decrease2.svg️1
Georgia 163,949,000Decrease2.svg️3
Tennessee 173,573,000Decrease2.svg️2
Minnesota 183,426,000
Alabama 193,273,000Decrease2.svg️2
Louisiana 203,270,000Increase2.svg1
Maryland 213,116,000Increase2.svg3
Kentucky 223,047,000Decrease2.svg️3
Washington 232,860,000
Iowa 242,761,000Decrease2.svg️2
Connecticut 252,548,000Increase2.svg3
South Carolina 262,392,000Increase2.svg1
Oklahoma 272,333,000Decrease2.svg️2
Mississippi 282,180,000Decrease2.svg️2
Kansas 292,178,000Increase2.svg1
West Virginia 301,857,000Decrease2.svg️1
Arkansas 311,788,000
Oregon 321,773,000
Colorado 331,758,000
Nebraska 341,414,000
Arizona 351,318,000Increase2.svg2
Maine 36974,000Decrease2.svg️1
New Mexico 37958,000Increase2.svg2
Utah 38896,000
Rhode Island 39857,000Decrease2.svg️3
District of Columbia x762,000N/A
South Dakota 40682,000
Montana 41678,000Increase2.svg1
Idaho 42671,000Increase2.svg1
Hawaii 43642,000N/A
North Dakota 44634,000Decrease2.svg️3
New Hampshire 45609,000Decrease2.svg️1
Delaware 46449,000
Vermont 47391,000Decrease2.svg️2
Wyoming 48338,000Decrease2.svg️1
Nevada 49280,000Decrease2.svg️1
Alaska 50200,000N/A

City rankings

RankCityStatePopulation [2] Region (2016) [3]
01 New York New York 7,781,984 Northeast
02 Chicago Illinois 3,550,404 Midwest
03 Los Angeles California 2,479,015 West
04 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 2,002,512 Northeast
05 Detroit Michigan 1,670,144 Midwest
06 Baltimore Maryland 939,024 South
07 Houston Texas 938,219 South
08 Cleveland Ohio 876,050 Midwest
09 Washington District of Columbia 763,956 South
10 St. Louis Missouri 750,026 Midwest
11 Milwaukee Wisconsin 741,324 Midwest
12 San Francisco California 740,316 West
13 Boston Massachusetts 697,197 Northeast
14 Dallas Texas 679,684 South
15 New Orleans Louisiana 627,525 South
16 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 604,332 Northeast
17 San Antonio Texas 587,718 South
18 San Diego California 573,224 West
19 Seattle Washington 557,087 West
20 Buffalo New York 532,759 Northeast
21 Cincinnati Ohio 502,550 Midwest
22 Memphis Tennessee 497,524 South
23 Denver Colorado 493,887 West
24 Atlanta Georgia 487,455 South
25 Minneapolis Minnesota 482,872 Midwest
26 Indianapolis Indiana 476,258 Midwest
27 Kansas City Missouri 475,539 Midwest
28 Columbus Ohio 471,316 Midwest
29 Phoenix Arizona 439,170 West
30 Newark New Jersey 405,220 Northeast
31 Louisville Kentucky 390,639 South
32 Portland Oregon 372,676 West
33 Oakland California 367,548 West
34 Fort Worth Texas 356,268 South
35 Long Beach California 344,168 West
36 Birmingham Alabama 340,887 South
37 Oklahoma City Oklahoma 324,253 South
38 Rochester New York 318,611 Northeast
39 Toledo Ohio 318,003 Midwest
40 Saint Paul Minnesota 313,411 Midwest
41 Norfolk Virginia 305,872 South
42 Omaha Nebraska 301,598 Midwest
43 Honolulu Hawaii 294,194 West
44 Miami Florida 291,688 South
45 Akron Ohio 290,351 Midwest
46 El Paso Texas 276,687 South
47 Jersey City New Jersey 276,101 Northeast
48 Tampa Florida 274,970 South
49 Dayton Ohio 262,332 Midwest
50 Tulsa Oklahoma 261,685 South
51 Wichita Kansas 254,698 Midwest
52 Richmond Virginia 219,958 South
53 Syracuse New York 216,038 Northeast
54 Tucson Arizona 212,892 West
55 Des Moines Iowa 208,982 Midwest
56 Providence Rhode Island 207,498 Northeast
57 San Jose California 204,196 West
58 Mobile Alabama 202,779 South
59 Charlotte North Carolina 201,564 South
60 Albuquerque New Mexico 201,189 West
61 Jacksonville Florida 201,030 South
62 Flint Michigan 196,940 Midwest
63 Sacramento California 191,667 West
64 Yonkers New York 190,634 Northeast
65 Salt Lake City Utah 189,454 West
66 Worcester Massachusetts 186,587 Northeast
67 Austin Texas 186,545 South
68 Spokane Washington 181,608 West
69 St. Petersburg Florida 181,298 South
70 Gary Indiana 178,320 Midwest
71 Grand Rapids Michigan 177,313 Midwest
72 Springfield Massachusetts 174,463 Northeast
73 Nashville Tennessee 170,874 South
74 Corpus Christi Texas 167,690 South
75 Youngstown Ohio 166,689 Midwest
76 Shreveport Louisiana 164,372 South
77 Arlington Virginia 163,401 South
78 Hartford Connecticut 162,178 Northeast
79 Fort Wayne Indiana 161,776 Midwest
80 Bridgeport Connecticut 156,748 Northeast
81 Baton Rouge Louisiana 152,419 South
82 New Haven Connecticut 152,048 Northeast
83 Savannah Georgia 149,245 South
84 Tacoma Washington 147,979 West
85 Jackson Mississippi 144,422 South
86 Paterson New Jersey 143,663 Northeast
87 Evansville Indiana 141,543 Midwest
88 Erie Pennsylvania 138,440 Northeast
89 Amarillo Texas 137,969 South
90 Montgomery Alabama 134,393 South
91 Fresno California 133,929 West
92 South Bend Indiana 132,445 Midwest
93 Chattanooga Tennessee 130,009 South
94 Albany New York 129,726 Northeast
95 Lubbock Texas 128,691 South
96 Lincoln Nebraska 128,521 Midwest
97 Madison Wisconsin 126,706 Midwest
97 Rockford Illinois 126,706 Midwest
99 Kansas City Kansas 121,901 Midwest
100 Greensboro North Carolina 119,574 South

Notes

  1. PIO, US Census Bureau, Census History Staff. "The "72-Year Rule" - History - U.S. Census Bureau". www.census.gov. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
  2. Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
  3. "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.

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