1961 Tour de France

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1961 Tour de France
Route of the 1961 Tour de France.png
Route of the 1961 Tour de France followed clockwise, starting in Rouen and finishing in Paris
Race details
Dates25 June – 16 July
Stages21, including one split stage
Distance4,397 km (2,732 mi)
Winning time122h 01' 33"
Results
Jersey yellow.svg WinnerFlag of France.svg  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA) (France)
  SecondFlag of Italy.svg  Guido Carlesi  (ITA) (Italy)
  ThirdFlag of Luxembourg.svg  Charly Gaul  (LUX) (Switzerland/Luxembourg)

Jersey green.svg PointsFlag of France.svg  André Darrigade  (FRA) (France)
  MountainsFlag of Italy.svg  Imerio Massignan  (ITA) (Italy)
  Combativity West/South-West
  Team France
  1960
1962  

The 1961 Tour de France was the 48th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. It took place between 25 June and 16 July, with 21 stages covering a distance of 4,397 km (2,732 mi). Out of the 132 riders who started the tour, 72 managed to complete the tour's tough course. Throughout the 1961 Tour de France, two of the French national team's riders, André Darrigade and Jacques Anquetil held the yellow jersey for the entirety 21 stages. There was a great deal of excitement between the second and third places, concluding with Guido Carlesi stealing Charly Gaul's second place position on the last day by two seconds.

Contents

Teams

The teams entering the race were: [1] [2]

Pre-race favourites

Pre-race favourite Jacques Anquetil (pictured during the Tour) Jacques Anquetil, Tour de France 1961 (1).jpg
Pre-race favourite Jacques Anquetil (pictured during the Tour)

Since Jacques Anquetil had won the 1957 Tour de France, he was unable to repeat it, due to illness, tiredness and struggle within the French team. For 1961, he asked the team captain Marcel Bidot to make a team that would only ride for him, and Bidot agreed. Anquetil announced before the race that he would take the yellow jersey as leader of the general classification on the first day, and wear it until the end of the race in Paris. [3]

Gastone Nencini, who won the previous edition, did not enter in 1961, but Graziano Battistini, his teammate and runner-up of 1960, started the race as leader of the Italian team. If the French team would again have internal struggles, the Italian team could emerge as the winner.

The Spanish team had two outsiders, José Pérez Francés and Fernando Manzaneque. The last outsider was Charly Gaul, winner of the 1958 Tour de France, who rode in the mixed Luxembourg/Swiss team. He considered his teammates so weak that he did not seek their help, and rode the race on his own. [3] Raymond Poulidor was convinced by his team manager Antonin Magne that it would be better to skip the Tour, because the national team format would undermine his commercial value. [4]

Route and stages

The 1961 Tour de France started on 25 June in Rouen, and had one rest day, in Montpellier. [5] For the first time the finish on top of the Superbagnères was included to the race. [6] The highest point of elevation in the race was 2,115 m (6,939 ft) at the summit of the Col du Tourmalet mountain pass on stage 17. [7] [8]

Stage characteristics and winners [9] [5] [10] [2] [11]
StageDateCourseDistanceTypeWinner
1a25 June Rouen to Versailles 136.5 km (84.8 mi)Plainstage.svgPlain stageFlag of France.svg  André Darrigade  (FRA)
1b Versailles 28.5 km (17.7 mi)Time Trial.svg Individual time trial Flag of France.svg  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA)
226 June Pontoise to Roubaix 230.5 km (143.2 mi)Plainstage.svgPlain stageFlag of France.svg  André Darrigade  (FRA)
327 June Roubaix to Charleroi (Belgium)197.5 km (122.7 mi)Plainstage.svgPlain stageFlag of Belgium (civil).svg  Emile Daems  (BEL)
428 June Charleroi (Belgium) to Metz 237.5 km (147.6 mi)Plainstage.svgPlain stageFlag of France.svg  Anatole Novak  (FRA)
529 June Metz to Strasbourg 221 km (137 mi)Mountainstage.svgStage with mountain(s)Flag of France.svg  Louis Bergaud  (FRA)
630 June Strasbourg to Belfort 180.5 km (112.2 mi)Mountainstage.svgStage with mountain(s)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Jozef Planckaert  (BEL)
71 July Belfort to Chalon-sur-Saône 214.5 km (133.3 mi)Plainstage.svgPlain stageFlag of France.svg  Jean Stablinski  (FRA)
82 July Chalon-sur-Saône to Saint-Étienne 240.5 km (149.4 mi)Mountainstage.svgStage with mountain(s)Flag of France.svg  Jean Forestier  (FRA)
93 July Saint-Étienne to Grenoble 230 km (140 mi)Mountainstage.svgStage with mountain(s)Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Charly Gaul  (LUX)
104 July Grenoble to Turin (Italy)250.5 km (155.7 mi)Mountainstage.svgStage with mountain(s)Flag of France.svg  Guy Ignolin  (FRA)
115 July Turin (Italy) to Antibes 225 km (140 mi)Mountainstage.svgStage with mountain(s)Flag of Italy.svg  Guido Carlesi  (ITA)
126 July Antibes to Aix-en-Provence 199.0 km (123.7 mi)Mountainstage.svgStage with mountain(s)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Michel Van Aerde  (BEL)
137 July Aix-en-Provence to Montpellier 177.5 km (110.3 mi)Plainstage.svgPlain stageFlag of France.svg  André Darrigade  (FRA)
8 July Montpellier Rest day
149 July Montpellier to Perpignan 174 km (108 mi)Plainstage.svgPlain stageFlag of Belgium (civil).svg  Eddy Pauwels  (BEL)
1510 July Perpignan to Toulouse 206 km (128 mi)Plainstage.svgPlain stageFlag of Italy.svg  Guido Carlesi  (ITA)
1611 July Toulouse to Superbagnères 208 km (129 mi)Mountainstage.svgStage with mountain(s)Flag of Italy.svg  Imerio Massignan  (ITA)
1712 July Luchon to Pau 197 km (122 mi)Mountainstage.svgStage with mountain(s)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Eddy Pauwels  (BEL)
1813 July Pau to Bordeaux 207 km (129 mi)Plainstage.svgPlain stageFlag of Belgium (civil).svg  Martin Van Geneugden  (BEL)
1914 July Bergerac to Périgueux 74.5 km (46.3 mi)Time Trial.svg Individual time trial Flag of France.svg  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA)
2015 July Périgueux to Tours 309.5 km (192.3 mi)Plainstage.svgPlain stageFlag of France.svg  André Darrigade  (FRA)
2116 July Tours to Paris 252.5 km (156.9 mi)Plainstage.svgPlain stageFlag of France.svg  Robert Cazala  (FRA)
Total4,397 km (2,732 mi) [12]

Race overview

Emile Daems crossing the finish line in Charleroi, Belgium, to win the third stage Emile Daems, Tour de France 1961.jpg
Emile Daems crossing the finish line in Charleroi, Belgium, to win the third stage

André Darrigade won the opening stage, and it became the fifth time that he won the opening stage. [6] Darrigade had been in a small group that broke away, which included Anquetil. Other competitors, such as Gaul and Battistini, already lost more than 5 minutes. [3] After that, there was a time trial, won by Jacques Anquetil. Anquetil became the leader of the race, with his teammate Joseph Groussard in second place, almost five minutes behind him. [3]

The second stage, run in bad weather, featured small roads in Northern France. Several cyclists got into problems, and seven cyclists already had to leave the race; the favourites were not harmed. [13] In the sixth stage, West German Horst Oldenburg fell down on the descent of the Col de la Schlucht, and the Dutch team captain Ab Geldermans ran into him. Geldermans was taken to the Belfort hospital by helicopter, and the Dutch team had lost its captain. [13]

Unlike previous years, the French team continued without fights, and won five of the first eight stages. [3] The ninth stage included four major climbs. On the second climb, Gaul escaped. He crashed on the descent of the third mountain, but managed to stay away and win the stage; Anquetil was not far behind and kept the lead. [3] Anquetil had a five-minutes margin on the second-placed rider, which was Manzaneque. In the eleventh stage, Graziano Battistini was hit by a car, and had to leave the race. [13] This situation had not changed when the sixteenth stage started. It was expected that Gaul, in third place more than six minutes behind, would attack, but this did not happen, [3] because Gaul had been injured in his crash in the previous stage. [13]

The last chance for the opposition to win back time on Anquetil was in the seventeenth stage, but Anquetil stayed close to his direct competitors, and only allowed lower classified riders to escape. The press criticized Anquetil's tactics, saying he was riding passively. [14] In the nineteenth stage, an individual time trial, Gaul was on his way to win back a little time on Anquetil, when he crashed heavily, and could not find his pace again. Anquetil won almost three minutes on Gaul and extended his lead to more than ten minutes. [15]

In the final two stages, Anquetil did not get into problems. His main rival Gaul even lost time in the last stage, and conceded his second place to Guido Carlesi. [13]

Classification leadership and minor prizes

There were several classifications in the 1961 Tour de France, two of them awarding jerseys to their leaders. [16] The most important was the general classification, calculated by adding each cyclist's finishing times on each stage. The cyclist with the least accumulated time was the race leader, identified by the yellow jersey; the winner of this classification is considered the winner of the Tour. [17]

Additionally, there was a points classification. In the points classification, cyclists got points for finishing among the best in a stage finish, or in intermediate sprints. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, and was identified with a green jersey. [18]

There was also a mountains classification. Most stages of the race included one or more categorised climbs, in which points were awarded to the riders that reached the summit first. The climbs were categorised as third-, second- or first-category, with the more difficult climbs rated lower. The cyclist with the most points lead the classification, but was not identified with a jersey. [19]

For the team classification The calculation was different from previous years. Before 1961, the classification was based on time, but in 1961, it was based on points; times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added; the team with the lowest time on a stage won the team prize for that stage. [20] The overall team classification was calculated by counting the number of team prizes.

In addition, there was a combativity award, in which a jury composed of journalists gave points after each stage to the cyclist they considered most combative. The split stages each had a combined winner. [21] At the conclusion of the Tour, the entire West/South-West team won the overall super-combativity award, also decided by journalists. [5] The Souvenir Henri Desgrange was given in honour of Tour founder Henri Desgrange to the first rider to pass the summit of the Ballon d'Alsace on stage 6. This prize was won by Jef Planckaert. [22] [23]

Classification leadership by stage [24]
StageWinner General classification
Jersey yellow.svg
Points classification
Jersey green.svg
Mountains classification [lower-alpha 1] Team classification Combativity award Bad luck award
1a André Darrigade André Darrigade André Darrigade no awardFrance Jacques Anquetil José Pérez Francés
1b Jacques Anquetil Jacques Anquetil Jacques Anquetil
2 André Darrigade André Darrigade Pierre Beuffeuil no award
3 Emile Daems René Vanderveken Jos Hoevenaers
4 Anatole Novak Bernard Viot Dieter Puschel
5 Louis Bergaud Louis Bergaud Stéphane Lach Jos Hoevenaers
6 Jozef Planckaert Eddy Pauwels Jef Planckaert Albertus Geldermans
7 Jean Stablinski Fernando Manzaneque René Vanderveken
8 Jean Forestier Stéphane Lach Joseph Wasko
9 Charly Gaul Charly Gaul Charly Gaul no award
10 Guy Ignolin Imerio Massignan Guy Ignolin Netherlands
11 Guido Carlesi Guido Carlesi Graziano Battistini
12 Michel Van Aerde Edouard Bihouée Valentin Huot
13 André Darrigade Antoine Abate Bernard Viot
14 Eddy Pauwels Joseph Wasko Jan Westdorp
15 Guido Carlesi Seamus Elliott Jean Stablinski
16 Imerio Massignan Ken Laidlaw André Le Dissez
17 Eddy Pauwels Marcel Queheille Friedhelm Fischerkeller
18 Martin Van Geneugden Joseph Wasko Guy Ignolin
19 Jacques Anquetil Jean Gainche Jean Gainche Guido Carlesi
20 André Darrigade André Darrigade Guy Ignolin no award
21 Robert Cazala Marcel Queheille Jean Forestier
Final Jacques Anquetil André Darrigade Imerio Massignan FranceWest/South-West Graziano Battistini

Final standings

General classification

Final general classification (1–10) [25]
RankRiderTeamTime
1Flag of France.svg  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA)France122h 01' 33"
2Flag of Italy.svg  Guido Carlesi  (ITA)Italy+12' 14"
3Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Charly Gaul  (LUX)Switzerland/Luxembourg+12' 16"
4Flag of Italy.svg  Imerio Massignan  (ITA)Italy+15' 59"
5Flag of Germany.svg  Hans Junkermann  (FRG)West Germany+16' 09"
6Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg  Fernando Manzaneque  (ESP)Spain+16' 27"
7Flag of Spain (1945-1977).svg  José Pérez Francés  (ESP)Spain+20' 41"
8Flag of France.svg  Jean Dotto  (FRA)Centre-Midi+21' 44"
9Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Eddy Pauwels  (BEL)Belgium+26' 57"
10Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Jan Adriaensens  (BEL)Belgium+28' 05"

Points classification

Final points classification (1–10) [26]
RankRiderTeamPoints
1Flag of France.svg  André Darrigade  (FRA)France174
2Flag of France.svg  Jean Gainche  (FRA)West/South-West169
3Flag of Italy.svg  Guido Carlesi  (ITA)Italy148
4Flag of France.svg  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA)France146
5Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Frans Aerenhouts  (BEL)Belgium118
6Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Michel Van Aerde  (BEL)Belgium97
7Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Eddy Pauwels  (BEL)Belgium95
8Flag of Italy.svg  Imerio Massignan  (ITA)Italy92
9Flag of Germany.svg  Hans Junkermann  (FRG)West Germany82
10Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Jozef Planckaert  (BEL)Belgium74

Mountains classification

Final mountains classification (1–10) [27]
RankRiderTeamPoints
1Flag of Italy.svg  Imerio Massignan  (ITA)Italy95
2Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Charly Gaul  (LUX)Switzerland/Luxembourg61
3Flag of Germany.svg  Hans Junkermann  (FRG)West Germany48
4Flag of France.svg  Marcel Queheille  (FRA)West/South-West46
5Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Eddy Pauwels  (BEL)Belgium29
6Flag of France.svg  Manuel Busto  (FRA)Centre-Midi28
7Flag of France.svg  Guy Ignolin  (FRA)West/South-West26
7Flag of France.svg  Jacques Anquetil  (FRA)France26
9Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Jef Planckaert  (BEL)Belgium19
10Flag of France.svg  Jean Dotto  (FRA)Centre-Midi17
Flag of France.svg  André Foucher  (FRA)West/South-West

Team classification

Final team classification [28]
RankTeam1sts2nds3rds
1France1021
2Belgium553
3Italy346
4West/South-West332
5Centre-Midi14
6Paris/North-East23
7Netherlands12
8Switzerland/Luxembourg11
9Spain2
10West Germany2
11Great Britain

Aftermath

As Anquetil had led the race after every stage, there was not much competitiveness, which organiser Jacques Goddet termed a "fiasco". [4] After the race, the system with national teams was abandoned, and it was announced that the 1962 Tour de France would be run with sponsored teams. [4]

Notes

  1. No jersey was awarded to the leader of the mountains classification until a white jersey with red polka dots was introduced in 1975. [19]

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Bibliography

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