1961 in Turkey

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1961
in
Turkey

Centuries:
Decades:
See also: List of years in Turkey

Events in the year 1961 in Turkey. [1]

Parliament

Incumbents

Cemal Gürsel (up to 26 October)
Fahri Özdilek, acting (26 October – 20 November)
İsmet İnönü (from 20 November)

Ruling party and the main opposition

Cabinet

Events

Births

Deaths

See also

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The Republican People's Party is a social-democratic, Kemalist political party in Turkey. It is the oldest political party in the country, and is currently the main opposition in the Grand National Assembly against the AKP. The CHP describes itself as "a modern social democratic party, which is faithful to the founding principles and values of the Republic of Turkey". The party is cited as "the founding party of modern Turkey". Its logo consists of the Six Arrows, which represent the foundational principles of Kemalism: republicanism, nationalism, statism, populism, laicism, and reformism. Many politicians of CHP declared their support for LGBT rights and feminist movement. The party continues its Pro-European policies. In addition, CHP is an associate member of the Party of European Socialists (PES) and a member of the Socialist International and the Progressive Alliance.

Cemal Gürsel

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Mahmut Celâl Bayar was a Turkish politician, who was the third President of Turkey from 1950 to 1960; previously he was Prime Minister of Turkey from 1937 to 1939. Bayar, as the Turkish President, was decorated with the Legion of Merit by the President of the United States, as a result of Turkey's participation in the Korean War. He is considered to be the longest-lived former head of state and was the longest-lived state leader until 8 December 2008. Celal Bayar died on 22 August 1986 at the age of 103 after a brief illness.

Adnan Menderes

Adnan Menderes was a Turkish politician. He was the Turkish Prime Minister between 1950 and 1960. He was one of the founders of the Democrat Party (DP) in 1946, the fourth legal opposition party of Turkey. He was tried and hanged under the military junta after the 1960 coup d'état, along with two other cabinet members, Fatin Rüştü Zorlu and Hasan Polatkan. One of the accusations brought against him was of him ordering the Istanbul Pogrom against citizens of Greek ethnicity. He was the last Turkish political leader to be executed after a military coup and is also one of the three political leaders of the Turkish Republic to have had a mausoleum built in his honor.

Fatin Rüştü Zorlu

Fatin Rüştü Zorlu was a Turkish diplomat and politician. He was executed by hanging after the coup d'état in 1960 along with two other politicians.

Hasan Polatkan

Hasan Polatkan was a Turkish politician and Minister of Labor and Finance, who was executed by hanging after the coup d'état in 1960 along with two other cabinet members.

The 1960 Turkish coup d'état was the first coup d'état in the Republic of Turkey. The coup was staged by a group of 38 young Turkish military officers, acting outside the Staff Chiefs' chain of command. It was orchestrated by Alparslan Türkeş and ultimately led on May 27, 1960, by General Cemal Gürsel, against the democratically elected government of the Democrat Party. Alparslan Türkeş was a member of the junta.

Şemsettin Günaltay

Mehmet Şemsettin Günaltay was a Turkish historian, politician, and Prime Minister of Turkey from 1949 to 1950.

Capital punishment has been abolished in Turkey as of 2004, and Turkey has not executed any prisoners since October 1984.

Emin Fahrettin Özdilek was a military officer and politician. He served as acting Prime Minister of Turkey in 1961.

18th government of Turkey government in Turkey history

The 18th government of Turkey was a government in the history of Turkey. It is also called the Günaltay government.

25th government of Turkey

The 25th government of Turkey was a government in the history of Turkey. It is also called the Second Gürsel government.

Events in the year 1960 in Turkey.

Events in the year 1964 in Turkey.

Events in the year 1963 in Turkey.

Events in the year 1951 in Turkey.

Events in the year 1950 in Turkey.

Events in the year 1949 in Turkey.

References

  1. Türkiye'nin 70 yılı, Tempo, İstanbul, 1998, pp 155-158-292