1963

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1963 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1963
MCMLXIII
Ab urbe condita 2716
Armenian calendar 1412
ԹՎ ՌՆԺԲ
Assyrian calendar 6713
Bahá'í calendar 119–120
Balinese saka calendar 1884–1885
Bengali calendar 1370
Berber calendar 2913
British Regnal year 11  Eliz. 2   12  Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2507
Burmese calendar 1325
Byzantine calendar 7471–7472
Chinese calendar 壬寅(Water  Tiger)
4659 or 4599
     to 
癸卯年 (Water  Rabbit)
4660 or 4600
Coptic calendar 1679–1680
Discordian calendar 3129
Ethiopian calendar 1955–1956
Hebrew calendar 5723–5724
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2019–2020
 - Shaka Samvat 1884–1885
 - Kali Yuga 5063–5064
Holocene calendar 11963
Igbo calendar 963–964
Iranian calendar 1341–1342
Islamic calendar 1382–1383
Japanese calendar Shōwa 38
(昭和38年)
Javanese calendar 1894–1895
Juche calendar 52
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4296
Minguo calendar ROC 52
民國52年
Nanakshahi calendar 495
Thai solar calendar 2506
Tibetan calendar 阳水虎年
(male Water-Tiger)
2089 or 1708 or 936
     to 
阴水兔年
(female Water-Rabbit)
2090 or 1709 or 937

1963 ( MCMLXIII ) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar , the 1963rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 963rd year of the 2nd millennium , the 63rd year of the 20th century , and the 4th year of the 1960s decade.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeric system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages.

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Tuesday is any non-leap year that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is F. The current year, 2019, is a common year starting on Tuesday in the Gregorian calendar. The last such year was 2013 and the next such year will be 2030, or, likewise, 2014 and 2025 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year contains two Friday the 13ths in September and December. Leap years starting on Monday share this characteristic. From July of the year that precedes this year until September in this type of year is the longest period that occurs without a Friday the 13th. Leap years starting on Saturday share this characteristic, from August of the common year that precedes it to October in that type of year.

Contents

Events

January

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year. This day is known as New Year's Day since the day marks the beginning of the year. It is also the first day of the first quarter of the year and the first half of the year.

Osamu Tezuka Japanese cartoonist and animator

Osamu Tezuka was a Japanese manga artist, cartoonist, animator, and film producer. Born in Osaka Prefecture, his prolific output, pioneering techniques, and innovative redefinitions of genres earned him such titles as "the father of manga", "the godfather of manga" and "the god of manga". Additionally, he is often considered the Japanese equivalent to Walt Disney, who served as a major inspiration during Tezuka's formative years. Though this phrase praises the quality of his early manga works for children and animations, it also blurs the significant influence of his later, more literary, gekiga works.

<i>Astro Boy</i> (1963 TV series) 1963 anime television series

Astro Boy is a Japanese television series that premiered on Fuji TV on New Year's Day and is the first popular animated Japanese television series that embodied the aesthetic that later became familiar worldwide as anime. It originated as a manga of the same name in 1952 by Osamu Tezuka, revered in Japan as the "God of Manga." After enjoying success both in Japan and abroad as the first anime to be broadcast overseas, Astro Boy was remade in the 1980s under the same name(s), and in 2003 as Astro Boy: Mighty Atom. It lasted for four seasons, with a total of 193 episodes, the final episode presented on New Year's Eve 1966. At its height it was watched by 40% of the Japanese population who had access to a TV. In 1964, there was a feature-length animated movie called Mighty Atom, the Brave in Space released in Japan. It was an anthology of three episodes; The Robot Spaceship, Last Day on Earth and Earth Defense Squadron. The latter two were filmed in color.

January 8: Mona Lisa in Washington, D.C. Mona Lisa, by Leonardo da Vinci, from C2RMF retouched.jpg
January 8: Mona Lisa in Washington, D.C.

January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 363 days remaining until the end of the year.

Vietnam War 1955–1975 conflict in Vietnam

The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America or simply the American War, was an undeclared war in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. It was the second of the Indochina Wars and was officially fought between North Vietnam and South Vietnam. North Vietnam was supported by the Soviet Union, China, and other communist allies; South Vietnam was supported by the United States, South Korea, the Philippines, Australia, Thailand and other anti-communist allies. The war is considered a Cold War-era proxy war from some US perspectives. It lasted some 19 years with direct U.S. involvement ending in 1973 following the Paris Peace Accords, and included the Laotian Civil War and the Cambodian Civil War, resulting in all three countries becoming communist states in 1975.

Viet Cong mass political organization in South Vietnam and Cambodia

The Việt Cộng, also known as the National Liberation Front, was a mass political organization in South Vietnam and Cambodia with its own army – the People's Liberation Armed Forces of South Vietnam (PLAF) – that fought against the United States and South Vietnamese governments during the Vietnam War, eventually emerging on the winning side. It had both guerrilla and regular army units, as well as a network of cadres who organized peasants in the territory it controlled. Many soldiers were recruited in South Vietnam, but others were attached to the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN), the regular North Vietnamese army. During the war, communists and anti-war activists insisted the Việt Cộng was an insurgency indigenous to the South, while the U.S. and South Vietnamese governments portrayed the group as a tool of Hanoi. Although the terminology distinguishes northerners from the southerners, communist forces were under a single command structure set up in 1958.

February

February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 329 days remaining until the end of the year.

European Court of Justice supreme court in the European Union

The European Court of Justice (ECJ), officially just the Court of Justice, is the supreme court of the European Union in matters of European Union law. As a part of the Court of Justice of the European Union it is tasked with interpreting EU law and ensuring its equal application across all EU member states.

Van Gend en Loos v Nederlandse Administratie der Belastingen (1963) Case 26/62 was a landmark case of the European Court of Justice which established that provisions of the Treaty Establishing the European Economic Community were capable of creating legal rights which could be enforced by both natural and legal persons before the courts of the Community's member states. This is now called the principle of direct effect. The case is acknowledged as being one of the most important, and possibly the most famous development of European Union law.

March

March 21: Alcatraz closes Alcatraz Island.jpg
March 21: Alcatraz closes
March 27: British Rail network, as it would have become, if "Beeching axe" plans had been fully implemented (only bolded rail lines would have remained). Beeching2.svg
March 27: British Rail network, as it would have become, if "Beeching axe" plans had been fully implemented (only bolded rail lines would have remained).

April

May

June

July

August

August 28: March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom March on Washington edit.jpg
August 28: March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom

September

October

November

November 22: President Lyndon B. Johnson being sworn in, after assassination of John F. Kennedy. Lyndon B. Johnson taking the oath of office, November 1963.jpg
November 22: President Lyndon B. Johnson being sworn in, after assassination of John F. Kennedy.

December

Date unknown

Births

January

Edgar Martinez Edgar Martinez 1997.jpg
Edgar Martínez
Dave Foley Dave Foley 2012.jpg
Dave Foley
James May James May Lancaster University 2010 (cropped).jpg
James May
Jose Mourinho Jose Mourinho in Kyiv, October 2015.jpg
José Mourinho

February

Stephen McGann Stephen McGann.png
Stephen McGann
Michael Jordan Michael Jordan in 2014.jpg
Michael Jordan
Larry the Cable Guy Larry the Cable Guy.jpg
Larry the Cable Guy
Seal Seal 2012.jpg
Seal
William Baldwin Billy Baldwin, GLAAD Awards 2008.jpg
William Baldwin

March

Daniel Roebuck Daniel Roebuck.jpg
Daniel Roebuck
Rick Rubin RickRubinSept09.jpg
Rick Rubin
John Andretti John Andretti at Carb Day 2015 - Stierch.jpg
John Andretti
Bret Michaels BretMichaels.JPG
Bret Michaels
Vanessa Williams VanessaWilliamsHWoFMar2012.jpg
Vanessa Williams
Shawn Lane ShawnLane.jpg
Shawn Lane
Martin Vizcarra Martin Vizcarra Cornejo (cropped) (cropped).png
Martín Vizcarra
Susan Ann Sulley Suesulley2007.jpg
Susan Ann Sulley
Quentin Tarantino Quentin Tarantino by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Quentin Tarantino

April

Graham Norton Graham Norton Crop.jpg
Graham Norton
Rafael Correa Rafael Correa in France (cropped).jpg
Rafael Correa
Julian Lennon Julian Lennon in 2015.jpg
Julian Lennon
Dean Norris Dean Norris by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Dean Norris
Garry Kasparov Kasparov-34.jpg
Garry Kasparov
Joel Murray Joel Murray Deauville 2012.jpg
Joel Murray
Eric McCormack Eric McCormack 2012 Shankbone 3.JPG
Eric McCormack
Conan O'Brien Conan O'Brien by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Conan O'Brien
Jet Li Jet Li 2009 (cropped).jpg
Jet Li

May

Natasha Richardson Natasha Richardson 1999.jpg
Natasha Richardson
Mike Myers Mike Myers David Shankbone 2010 NYC.jpg
Mike Myers
Viktor Orban Viktor Orban 2018.jpg
Viktor Orbán

June

Bernard Cazeneuve Cazeneuve Salon du Livre 02878.jpg
Bernard Cazeneuve
Jason Isaacs Jason Isaacs 2014.jpg
Jason Isaacs
Eric Cantor Eric Cantor, official 113th Congress photo portrait.jpg
Eric Cantor
Johnny Depp JohnnyDepp2018.jpg
Johnny Depp
Helen Hunt Helen Hunt 2 (square).jpg
Helen Hunt
George Michael George Michael 02 (cropped 4).jpg
George Michael

July

Brigitte Nielsen Brigitte Nielsen.jpg
Brigitte Nielsen
Phoebe Cates Phoebe Cates at 81st Academy Awards.JPG
Phoebe Cates
Matti Nykanen Matti Nykanen 2014-01-30 001.jpg
Matti Nykänen
Sandy Fox Sandy Fox by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Sandy Fox
Martin Torrijos Panama.MartinTorrijos.01.jpg
Martín Torrijos
Lisa Kudrow Lisa Kudrow 3.jpg
Lisa Kudrow

August

James Hetfield JamesHetfield2012.jpg
James Hetfield
Mark Strong Mark Strong (Berlin Film Festival 2011).jpg
Mark Strong
Whitney Houston Whitney Houston Welcome Home Heroes 1 cropped.jpg
Whitney Houston
Sridevi Sridevi.jpg
Sridevi
Emmanuelle Beart Emmanuelle Beart Cannes 2016.jpg
Emmanuelle Béart
John Stamos John Stamos at PaleyFest 2013.jpg
John Stamos
Mohammed VI of Morocco King Mohammed VI.jpg
Mohammed VI of Morocco
Hideo Kojima Hideo Kojima 20100702 Japan Expo 1.jpg
Hideo Kojima
Miro Cerar Miro Cerar 2018.jpg
Miro Cerar

September

Eazy-E Eazy-E.jpg
Eazy-E
James Urbaniak James Urbaniak by Gage Skidmore.jpg
James Urbaniak
Dan Povenmire Dan Povenmire Comic-Con 2009.jpg
Dan Povenmire
Tate Donovan TateDonovan (cropped).jpg
Tate Donovan
Joe Nemechek Joe Nemechek 2005.jpg
Joe Nemechek

October

Elisabeth Shue LisaShueJI1.jpg
Elisabeth Shue
Tom Cavanagh Tom Cavanagh by David Shankbone.jpg
Tom Cavanagh
Farin Urlaub FarinUrlaub credit JoergSteinmetz.jpg
Farin Urlaub
Lauren Holly Lauren Holly lf.jpg
Lauren Holly
Johnny Marr Johnny Marr University of Salford 2012 crop.jpg
Johnny Marr
Rob Schneider Rob Schneider, USO tour, Nov 16 2001.jpg
Rob Schneider
Sarah Jane Brown Gordon and Sarah Brown (cropped).jpg
Sarah Jane Brown

November

Gabby Concepcion Gabby Concepcion at the KC Concepcion Live US Concert Tour, November 2010.jpg
Gabby Concepcion
Tommy Davidson CUN2008 Oscar party MosDef.jpg
Tommy Davidson
Ming-Na Wen Ming-Na Wen by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Ming-Na Wen
Nicollette Sheridan Nicollette Sheridan at the Beowulf premiere.jpg
Nicollette Sheridan

December

Juan Carlos Varela Juan Carlos Varela (2014).jpg
Juan Carlos Varela
Benjamin Bratt Benjamin Bratt - parade Grand Master.jpg
Benjamin Bratt
Brad Pitt Brad Pitt Fury 2014.jpg
Brad Pitt
Jennifer Beals Jennifer Beals at GLAAD Awards cropped.jpg
Jennifer Beals
Til Schweiger Til Schweiger - Jan Zizka (Film, 2020).jpg
Til Schweiger
Jess Harnell Jess Harnell (21107119448).jpg
Jess Harnell
Lars Ulrich LarsUlrichComicCon.jpg
Lars Ulrich

Date unknown

Deaths

January

Sylvanus Olympio Sylvanus Olympio.jpg
Sylvanus Olympio
Mohammad Ali Bogra Mohammad Ali of Bogra.jpg
Mohammad Ali Bogra
Robert Frost Robert Frost NYWTS.jpg
Robert Frost

February

Abd al-Karim Qasim Qasim in uniform.png
Abd al-Karim Qasim
Fernando Tambroni Fernando Tambroni-1.jpg
Fernando Tambroni
Rajendra Prasad Food Minister Rajendra Prasad during a radio broadcast in Dec 1947 cropped.jpg
Rajendra Prasad

March

Patsy Cline Patsy Cline II.jpg
Patsy Cline

April

Alma Richards AlmaRichards.jpg
Alma Richards
Saint Gaetano Catanoso Catanoso.jpg
Saint Gaetano Catanoso
Felix Manalo Felix Manalo 2014 stamp of the Philippines.jpg
Felix Manalo
Yitzhak Ben-Zvi Yitzhak Ben-Zvi.jpg
Yitzhak Ben-Zvi

May

Herbert Spencer Gasser Herbert Spencer Gasser nobel.jpg
Herbert Spencer Gasser
Robert Kerr Bobby Kerr.jpg
Robert Kerr
Mehdi Frasheri MehdiFrasheri.jpg
Mehdi Frashëri

June

Pope John XXIII Pope John XXIII - 1959.jpg
Pope John XXIII
Servant of God Antony Thachuparambil Antony Thachuparambil.jpg
Servant of God Antony Thachuparambil
Maria Guadalupe Garcia Zavala Madre Lupita.jpg
Maria Guadalupe Garcia Zavala

July

August

Georges Braque Georges Braque, 1908, photograph published in Gelett Burgess, The Wild Men of Paris, Architectural Record, May 1910.jpg
Georges Braque

September

Edwin Linkomies Linkomies 1960.jpg
Edwin Linkomies

October

Gustaf Grundgens Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S01144, Berlin, Gustav Grundgens als 'Hamlet'.jpg
Gustaf Grundgens
Jean Cocteau Jean Cocteau b Meurisse 1923.jpg
Jean Cocteau
Bjorn Thordarson Bjorn Thordarson.png
Björn Þórðarson

November

Ngo Dinh Diem Ngo Dinh Diem - Thumbnail - ARC 542189.png
Ngô Đình Diệm
John F. Kennedy John F. Kennedy, White House photo portrait, looking up.jpg
John F. Kennedy

December

Theodor Heuss Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1983-098-20a, Heuss.jpg
Theodor Heuss
Hubert Pierlot Hubert Pierlot 1947.jpg
Hubert Pierlot
Paul Hindemith Paul Hindemith 1923.jpg
Paul Hindemith

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1964th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 964th year of the 2nd millennium, the 64th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1960s decade.

1952 Year

1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1952nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 952nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1950s decade.

1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1951st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 951st year of the 2nd millennium, the 51st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1950s decade.

1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1957th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 957th year of the 2nd millennium, the 57th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1950s decade.

1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1931st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 931st year of the 2nd millennium, the 31st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1930s decade.

1969 Year

1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1969th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 969th year of the 2nd millennium, the 69th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1960s decade. The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon, the creation of the internet, and the commencement of the Gay Rights Movement.

1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1980th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 980th year of the 2nd millennium, the 80th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1980s decade.

1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1961st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 961st year of the 2nd millennium, the 61st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1960s decade. As MAD Magazine pointed out on its cover for the March 1961 issue, this was the first "upside-up" year — i.e., one in which the numerals that form the year look the same as when the numerals are rotated upside down, a strobogrammatic number — since 1881. The next such year will be 6009.

1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1960th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 960th year of the 2nd millennium, the 60th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1960s decade. It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.

1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1956th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 956th year of the 2nd millennium, the 56th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1950s decade.

1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1962nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 962nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 62nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1960s decade.

1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1970th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 970th year of the 2nd millennium, the 70th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1970s decade.

1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1955th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 955th year of the 2nd millennium, the 55th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1950s decade.

1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1933rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 933rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 33rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1930s decade.

1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1953rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 953rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 53rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1950s decade.

1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1925th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 925th year of the 2nd millennium, the 25th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1920s decade.

1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1930th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 930th year of the 2nd millennium, the 30th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1930s decade.

1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1935th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 935th year of the 2nd millennium, the 35th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1930s decade.

1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1934th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 934th year of the 2nd millennium, the 34th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1930s decade.

1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1954th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 954th year of the 2nd millennium, the 54th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1950s decade.

References

  1. "Timeline of George Wallace's Life, 19521972". The American Experience. Public Broadcasting Service. 2000. Retrieved 2013-03-21.
  2. Klarman, Michael J. (March–April 2004). "Brown v. Board: 40 Years Later". Humanities: The Magazine of the National Endowment for the Humanities .
  3. "Dallas: JFK is shot dead". Wolverhampton: Express & Star . Archived from the original on 2002-06-28.
  4. Tracker, "Footprints Tracker", August 2012, p. 46.
  5. Sacco, Ugo Colombo (1999). John Paul II and World Politics: 20 Years of a Search for a New Approach, 1978-1998. Peeters Publishers. p. 6.
  6. Larsen, Jeffrey A.; Smith, James M. (2005). "Hot Line Agreements (1963, 1971, 1984)". Historical Dictionary Of Arms Control And Disarmament. Scarecrow Press. p. 107.
  7. Kahn, David (1996). The Codebreakers: The Comprehensive History of Secret Communication from Ancient Times to the Internet. Simon and Schuster. p. 715.
  8. 1 2 "Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water". United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs. Retrieved 2018-10-10.
  9. Warren Commission Report.