1968

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1968 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1968
MCMLXVIII
Ab urbe condita 2721
Armenian calendar 1417
ԹՎ ՌՆԺԷ
Assyrian calendar 6718
Bahá'í calendar 124–125
Balinese saka calendar 1889–1890
Bengali calendar 1375
Berber calendar 2918
British Regnal year 16  Eliz. 2   17  Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2512
Burmese calendar 1330
Byzantine calendar 7476–7477
Chinese calendar 丁未(Fire  Goat)
4664 or 4604
     to 
戊申年 (Earth  Monkey)
4665 or 4605
Coptic calendar 1684–1685
Discordian calendar 3134
Ethiopian calendar 1960–1961
Hebrew calendar 5728–5729
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2024–2025
 - Shaka Samvat 1889–1890
 - Kali Yuga 5068–5069
Holocene calendar 11968
Igbo calendar 968–969
Iranian calendar 1346–1347
Islamic calendar 1387–1388
Japanese calendar Shōwa 43
(昭和43年)
Javanese calendar 1899–1900
Juche calendar 57
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4301
Minguo calendar ROC 57
民國57年
Nanakshahi calendar 500
Thai solar calendar 2511
Tibetan calendar 阴火羊年
(female Fire-Goat)
2094 or 1713 or 941
     to 
阳土猴年
(male Earth-Monkey)
2095 or 1714 or 942

1968 ( MCMLXVIII ) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar , the 1968th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 968th year of the 2nd millennium , the 68th year of the 20th century , and the 9th year of the 1960s decade. This was the year of the Protests of 1968.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A leap year is a calendar year containing one additional day added to keep the calendar year synchronized with the astronomical or seasonal year. Because seasons and astronomical events do not repeat in a whole number of days, calendars that have the same number of days in each year drift over time with respect to the event that the year is supposed to track. By inserting an additional day or month into the year, the drift can be corrected. A year that is not a leap year is called a common year.

A leap year starting on Monday is any year with 366 days that begins on Monday, 1 January, and ends on Tuesday, 31 December. Its dominical letters hence are GF, such as the years 1912, 1940, 1968, 1996, 2024, 2052, 2080, and 2120 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2008, 2036, and 2064 in the obsolete Julian calendar. Any leap year that starts on Monday, Wednesday or Thursday has two Friday the 13ths. This leap year contains two Friday the 13ths in September and December. Common years starting on Tuesday share this characteristic.

Contents

Events

January

January 30: Tet begins. Captain Franklin P. Eller during Tet Offensive Vietnam.jpg
January 30: Tet begins.

January 5 is the fifth day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 360 days remaining until the end of the year.

Prague Spring the period of liberalisation in Czechoslovakia from January 5th to 21 August 1968

The Prague Spring was a period of political liberalization and mass protest in Czechoslovakia as a Communist state after World War II. It began on 5 January 1968, when reformist Alexander Dubček was elected First Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ), and continued until 21 August 1968, when the Soviet Union and other members of the Warsaw Pact invaded the country to suppress the reforms.

Alexander Dubček former First Secretary of the Czechoslovak Communist Party

Alexander Dubček was a Slovak politician who served as the First secretary of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ) from January 1968 to April 1969. He attempted to reform the communist government during the Prague Spring but was forced to resign following the Warsaw Pact invasion in August 1968.

January 23 USS Pueblo USS Pueblo (AGER-2).jpg
January 23 USS Pueblo

January 28 is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 337 days remaining until the end of the year.

France Republic with mainland in Europe and numerous oversea territories

France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.

French submarine <i>Minerve</i> (S647) S647 French submarine

Minerve was a diesel–electric submarine in the French Navy. The vessel was one of nine of the Daphné class. In January 1968, Minerve was lost with all hands while returning to her home port of Toulon. Her wreckage has never been found. Minerve sank two days after the INS Dakar of the Israel Navy disappeared in the eastern Mediterranean between Crete and Cyprus. Three more submarines were lost to unknown causes in the same year; the Soviet submarine K-129, the Israeli INS Dakar, and the American USS Scorpion.

February

February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 333 days remaining until the end of the year.

Viet Cong mass political organization in South Vietnam and Cambodia

The Việt Cộng, also known as the National Liberation Front, was a mass political organization in South Vietnam and Cambodia with its own army – the People's Liberation Armed Forces of South Vietnam (PLAF) – that fought against the United States and South Vietnamese governments during the Vietnam War, eventually emerging on the winning side. It had both guerrilla and regular army units, as well as a network of cadres who organized peasants in the territory it controlled. Many soldiers were recruited in South Vietnam, but others were attached to the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN), the regular North Vietnamese army. During the war, communists and anti-war activists insisted the Việt Cộng was an insurgency indigenous to the South, while the U.S. and South Vietnamese governments portrayed the group as a tool of Hanoi. Although the terminology distinguishes northerners from the southerners, communist forces were under a single command structure set up in 1958.

Nguyễn Ngọc Loan Vietnamese police chief

Major General Nguyễn Ngọc Loan was a South Vietnamese general and chief of the South Vietnamese National Police.

March

April

April 4: Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee. Martin Luther King, Jr..jpg
April 4: Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee.

May

June

July

August

September

October

1968 Summer Olympics 1968 Mexico emblem.svg
1968 Summer Olympics

November

December

Dates unknown

Births

January

Cuba Gooding Jr. Cuba Gooding Jr. 2012.jpg
Cuba Gooding Jr.
LL Cool J LL Cool J in 2017.jpg
LL Cool J
Mary Lou Retton Retton-m.jpg
Mary Lou Retton
Felipe VI of Spain King of Spain 2015 (cropped).JPG
Felipe VI of Spain

February

Lisa Marie Presley Lisa Marie Presley at car race.jpg
Lisa Marie Presley
Sully Erna Sully Erna.jpg
Sully Erna
Gary Coleman Gary Coleman cropped.jpg
Gary Coleman
Lavinia Agache Lavinia Agache 2.jpg
Lavinia Agache
Josh Brolin Josh Brolin Berlin 2016.jpg
Josh Brolin
Kelly Hu Kelly Hu.jpg
Kelly Hu
Molly Ringwald Molly Ringwald in Greece (cropped).jpg
Molly Ringwald
Andy Berman Andy Berman crop.jpg
Andy Berman

March

Daniel Craig Daniel Craig - Film Premiere "Spectre" 007 - on the Red Carpet in Berlin (22387409720) (cropped).jpg
Daniel Craig
Gordon Bajnai Bajnai Jerusalem.jpg
Gordon Bajnai
Damon Albarn Damon Albarn Performing.jpg
Damon Albarn
Celine Dion Celine Dion Live 2017.jpg
Celine Dion

April

Patricia Arquette Patricia Arquette 2015.jpg
Patricia Arquette
Anthony Michael Hall Anthony Michael Hall by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Anthony Michael Hall
Vickie Guerrero Vickie Guerrero 2013.jpg
Vickie Guerrero
Carnie Wilson Carnie Wilson Oct 2014 2 (cropped).jpg
Carnie Wilson

May

Traci Lords Traci Lords 2011.jpg
Traci Lords
Tony Hawk Skater Tony Hawk.jpg
Tony Hawk
Kyle Eastwood Kyle Eastwood.jpg
Kyle Eastwood
John Ortiz John Ortiz (23864094899).jpg
John Ortiz
Kylie Minogue Kylie Brazil 2015 (2).jpg
Kylie Minogue

June

Scott Wolf Scott Wolf by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Scott Wolf
Faizon Love Faizon Love at Porn Star Karaoke.jpg
Faizon Love
James Patrick Stuart James Patrick Stuart 2010 SDCC (cropped).jpg
James Patrick Stuart
Robert Rodriguez Robert Rodriguez SDCC 2014.jpg
Robert Rodriguez
Paolo Maldini Maldini2008.JPG
Paolo Maldini
Chayanne Chayannemn.jpg
Chayanne

July

Ramush Haradinaj Ramush Haradinaj (-125880784).jpg
Ramush Haradinaj
Billy Crudup Billy Crudup May 2015.jpg
Billy Crudup
Beth Littleford BethLittlefordApr2011.jpg
Beth Littleford
Robert Korzeniowski Robert Korzeniowski.jpg
Robert Korzeniowski

August

Colin McRae Colin Mcrae crop.jpg
Colin McRae
Gillian Anderson Gillian Anderson Berlinale 2017.jpg
Gillian Anderson
Eric Bana Eric Bana at the 2009 Tribeca Film Festival.jpg
Eric Bana
Rachael Ray Rachael Ray, Red Dress Collection 2007.jpg
Rachael Ray

September

John DiMaggio John DiMaggio by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
John DiMaggio
Big Daddy Kane Big Daddy Kane at Hip Hop Kemp 2013 (cropped).jpg
Big Daddy Kane
Guy Ritchie GuyRitchiebyKathyHutchins.jpg
Guy Ritchie
Laura Cutina Laura Cutina.jpg
Laura Cutina
Marc Anthony Marc Anthony 2010.jpg
Marc Anthony
Ricki Lake Ricki Lake May 2015 (cropped).jpg
Ricki Lake
Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau Prince Friso.jpg
Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau
Will Smith Will Smith by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Will Smith
Naomi Watts Naomi Watts Cannes 2015 cropped.jpg
Naomi Watts

October

Thom Yorke Thom Yorke 2013.jpg
Thom Yorke
Hugh Jackman World Premiere Logan Berlinale 2017.jpg
Hugh Jackman
Didier Deschamps Didier Deschamps in 2018.jpg
Didier Deschamps
Ziggy Marley Ziggy Marley Austin (cropped).jpg
Ziggy Marley
Juan Orlando Hernandez Juan Orlando Hernandez-Enrique Pena (cropped).jpg
Juan Orlando Hernández
John Farley John P. Farley 2010.jpg
John Farley

November

Sam Rockwell Sam Rockwell (51492) (cropped).jpg
Sam Rockwell
Tracy Morgan Tracy Morgan 3 Shankbone 2009 NYC.jpg
Tracy Morgan
Owen Wilson Owen Wilson Cannes 2011.jpg
Owen Wilson
Sean Schemmel Sean Schemmel by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Sean Schemmel
Jill Hennessy JillHennessyTIFFSept10.jpg
Jill Hennessy

December

Lucy Liu Lucy Liu, 2011 (cropped).jpg
Lucy Liu
Brendan Fraser 7.27.08BrendanFraser.jpg
Brendan Fraser
Rachel Griffiths Rachel Griffiths 2012 (cropped).jpg
Rachel Griffiths

Date unknown

Deaths

January

Duke Kahanamoku Duke Kahanamoku c1912.jpg
Duke Kahanamoku

February

Georg Hackenschmidt Georg Hackenschmidt.jpg
Georg Hackenschmidt

March

Yuri Gagarin Yuri-Gagarin-1961-Helsinki-crop.jpg
Yuri Gagarin

April

Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King, Jr..jpg
Martin Luther King Jr.

May

June

Helen Keller Helen Keller circa 1920 - restored.jpg
Helen Keller
Robert F. Kennedy Robert F Kennedy crop.jpg
Robert F. Kennedy

July

Otto Hahn Otto Hahn (Nobel).jpg
Otto Hahn

August

September

Saint Pio of Pietrelcina Padre Pio.jpg
Saint Pio of Pietrelcina

October

Bea Benaderet Bea Benadaret 1966.JPG
Bea Benaderet
John L. Hines John L. Hines.jpg
John L. Hines
Ramon Novarro Ramon Novarro.jpg
Ramon Novarro

November

December

Tallulah Bankhead Tallulah Bankhead 1941.JPG
Tallulah Bankhead
John Steinbeck JohnSteinbeck crop.JPG
John Steinbeck

Date unknown

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

1977 (MCMLXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1977th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 977th year of the 2nd millennium, the 77th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1970s decade.

1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1964th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 964th year of the 2nd millennium, the 64th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1960s decade.

1952 Year

1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1952nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 952nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1950s decade.

1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1984th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 984th year of the 2nd millennium, the 84th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1980s decade.

1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1957th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 957th year of the 2nd millennium, the 57th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1950s decade.

1969 Year

1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1969th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 969th year of the 2nd millennium, the 69th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1960s decade. The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon, the creation of the internet, and the commencement of the Gay Rights Movement.

1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1980th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 980th year of the 2nd millennium, the 80th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1980s decade.

1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1963rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 963rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 63rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1960s decade.

1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1972nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 972nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 72nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1970s decade.

1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1956th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 956th year of the 2nd millennium, the 56th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1950s decade.

1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1966th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 966th year of the 2nd millennium, the 66th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1960s decade.

1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1962nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 962nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 62nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1960s decade.

1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1970th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 970th year of the 2nd millennium, the 70th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1970s decade.

1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1971st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 971st year of the 2nd millennium, the 71st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1970s decade.

1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1965th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 965th year of the 2nd millennium, the 65th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1960s decade.

1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1973rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 973rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 73rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1970s decade.

1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1983rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 983rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 83rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1980s decade.

1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1981st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 981st year of the 2nd millennium, the 81st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1980s decade.

1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1955th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 955th year of the 2nd millennium, the 55th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1950s decade.

1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1954th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 954th year of the 2nd millennium, the 54th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1950s decade.

References

  1. Navazelskis, Inabhfghh (1990). Alexander Dubcek. Chelsea House Publications. ISBN   1-55546-831-4.
  2. Chartres, John (9 January 1968). "Wilson Joins 'I Back Britain'". The Times . London. p. 1.
  3. "Italy: The Day the Earth Shook". Time . 26 January 1968. Retrieved 2 August 2011.
  4. "Catalogo Parametrico dei Terremoti Italiani".
  5. "The Closing Of Baggeridge Colliery". The Black Country Society. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
  6. Paul E. Fontenoy, Submarines: An Illustrated History of Their Impact (ABC-CLIO, 2007) p60
  7. "CIA tells Russia of Soviet sea disaster". The Times (64466). London. 17 October 1992. col F-G, p. 10.
  8. Lyndon B. Johnson (March 11, 1968). Memorandum Approving the Adoption by the Federal Government of a Standard Code for Information Interchange. The American Presidency Project. Accessed 2008-04-14.
  9. "Pierre Elliott Trudeau." Prime Minister of Canada. August 26, 2013. Accessed April 8, 2015.
  10. "Powell's 'rivers of blood' legacy". April 18, 2008 via news.bbc.co.uk.
  11. http://rockandrollgarage.com/back-time-led-zeppelin-members-talk-beatles/
  12. "Commando Hunt, Operation", in Historical Dictionary of the War in Vietnam, by Ronald B. Frankum Jr. (Scarecrow Press, 2011) p123-124
  13. "Ho Chi Minh Trail", by William M. Leary, in The Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War: A Political, Social, and Military History (ABC-CLIO, 2010) p506
  14. Mali country profile (PDF), Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress Federal Research Division, January 2005, p. 3

Further reading