1973 UEFA Cup Final

Last updated

1973 UEFA Cup Final
Event 1972–73 UEFA Cup
on aggregate
First leg
Date10 May 1973
Venue Anfield, Liverpool
Referee Erich Linemayr (Austria)
Attendance41,169
Second leg
Date23 May 1973
Venue Bökelbergstadion, Mönchengladbach
Referee Pavel Kazakov (Soviet Union)
Attendance34,905
1972
1974

The 1973 UEFA Cup Final was an association football match played over two-legs between Liverpool of England and Borussia Mönchengladbach of West Germany. The first leg was played at Anfield, Liverpool on 10 May 1973 and the second leg was played on 23 May 1973 at the Bökelbergstadion, Mönchengladbach. It was the final of the 1972–73 season of Europe's secondary cup competition, the UEFA Cup. Liverpool and Mönchengladbach were both appearing in their first final, although Liverpool had previously reached the final of the European Cup Winners' Cup losing 2–1 to Borussia Dortmund.

Contents

Each club needed to progress through four rounds to reach the final. Matches were contested over two legs, with a match at each team's home ground. The majority of Liverpool's ties were won by at least two goals, the exception was the semi-final against Tottenham Hotspur, which Liverpool won on the away goals rule. Borussia Mönchengladbach's ties were predominantly one-sided. The West German team won by at least four goals in all four of their ties, a 9–2 aggregate victory over 1. FC Kaiserslautern represented their biggest margin of victory.

Watched by a crowd of 41,169 at Anfield, Liverpool took the lead in the first leg when Kevin Keegan scored in the 21st minute. Another goal by Keegan in the first half, extended Liverpool's lead and a further goal by Larry Lloyd meant Liverpool won the first leg 3–0. Therefore, in the second leg at the Bökelbergstadion, Liverpool had to avoid losing by three clear goals to win the competition. A crowd of 34,905 watched Borussia take the lead in the 29th minute courtesy of a Jupp Heynckes goal, he scored again 11 minutes later to double Borussia's lead. Borussia were unable to find the third goal they needed to take the match into extra-time and won the second leg 2–0. Thus, Liverpool won the final 3–2 on aggregate to win their first European trophy.

Route to the final

Liverpool

RoundOppositionFirst legSecond legAggregate score
1st Eintracht Frankfurt 2–0 (h)0–0 (a)2–0
2nd AEK Athens 3–0 (h)3–1 (a)6–1
3rd Dynamo Berlin 0–0 (a)3–1 (h)3–1
Quarter-final Dynamo Dresden 2–0 (a)1–0 (h)3–0
Semi-final Tottenham Hotspur 1–0 (h)1–2 (a)2–2

Liverpool qualified for the UEFA Cup as a result of finishing third in the 1971–72 Football League First Division. [1] Their opponents in the first round were West German team Eintracht Frankfurt. Liverpool won the first leg at their home ground, Anfield, 2–0. The second leg at Frankfurt's home ground the Waldstadion ended in a 0–0 draw, which meant Liverpool progressed to the second round with a 2–0 aggregate victory. [2] Greek team AEK Athens were the opposition. Liverpool won the first leg at Anfield 3–0, a 3–1 victory at AEK's home ground the Nikos Goumas Stadium ensured Liverpool won the tie 6–1 on aggregate. [2]

The opposition in the third round were Dynamo Berlin of East Germany. The first leg at Dynamo's home ground the Sportforum ended in a 0–0 draw. The second leg at Anfield was more eventful Liverpool took the lead through Phil Boersma in the first minute and Dynamo equalised six minutes later. Two further goals for Liverpool secured a 3–1 victory in the match and on aggregate. [3] In the quarter-finals Liverpool again faced East German opposition, their opponents were Dynamo Dresden. [4] Liverpool won the first leg 2–0 at Anfield, and they won the second leg 1–0 in East Germany, to beat Dresden 3–0 on aggregate. [3]

Reigning champions Tottenham Hotspur were the opposition in the semi-final. Liverpool won an attacking match at Anfield 1–0. The second leg at White Hart Lane was equally eventful. Tottenham took the lead in the second half when Martin Peters scored to give Spurs the lead. Seven minutes Liverpool equalised when Steve Heighway scored this levelled the match and gave Liverpool a 2–1 lead on aggregate. Tottenham went 2–1 up when Peters scored again, this levelled the aggregate score at 2–2, but Liverpool had scored an away goal, and would, therefore, progress to the next round as a result. [5]

Borussia Mönchengladbach

RoundOppositionFirst legSecond legAggregate score
1st Aberdeen 3–2 (a)6–3 (h)9–5
2nd Hvidovre IF 3–0 (h)3–1 (a)6–1
3rd 1. FC Köln 0–0 (a)5–0 (h)5–0
Quarter-final 1. FC Kaiserslautern 2–1 (a)7–1 (h)9–2
Semi-final Twente 3–0 (h)2–1 (a)5–1

Borussia qualified for the UEFA Cup courtesy of a third-place finish in the 1971–72 Bundesliga. [6] The opposition in the first round were Scottish side Aberdeen. The first leg was held at Aberdeen's home ground Pittodrie, with Borussia winning 3–2. The second leg at Borussia's home ground the Bökelbergstadion was won 6–3 by the West German side, this meant they qualified for the second round courtesy of a 9–5 aggregate victory. [7] Danish side Hvidovre IF were the opposition in the second round. A 3–0 victory in West Germany was followed by a 3–1 victory in Denmark to secure a 6–1 aggregate victory for Borussia. [8]

Fellow West German side 1. FC Köln were the opposition in the third round. The first leg at Köln's home ground the Müngersdorfer Stadion ended in a 0–0 draw. Borussia easily won the second leg at their home ground 5–0 to win the tie by the same score on aggregate. [7] They were again drawn against West German opposition in the quarter-finals, the team in this instance was 1. FC Kaiserslautern. The first leg held at Kaiserlautern's home ground the Fritz-Walter-Stadion was won 2–1 by Borussia and a 7–1 victory in the second leg at their home ground ensured they progressed to the semi-finals courtesy of a 9–2 aggregate victory. [8]

Dutch team Twente were Borussia's opposition in the semi-finals. The first leg was held in West Germany and Borussia won 3–0 to put themselves in a good position to reach the final going into the second leg in the Netherlands. Borussia won the second leg 2–1 to win the tie 5–1 on aggregate and progress to their first European final. [7]

Background

Liverpool were appearing in their second European final. They had previously lost 2–1 in the final of the 1965–66 European Cup Winners' Cup against West German team Borussia Dortmund. [9] Borussia Mönchengladbach were appearing in their first European final, they had appeared in European competition but the furthest they had progressed was the second round of the 1970–71 European Cup and 1971–72 European Cup when they were beat by English team Everton and Inter Milan of Italy respectively. [10]

Liverpool had won the 1972–73 Football League First Division, a 2–0 victory over Leeds United ensured they became champions. Their league success meant that whatever the result they would be competing in the European Cup the following season. [5] As a result of their league success, Liverpool were looking to become the first English team to win a European trophy in the same year as winning the league. Borussia Mönchengladbach had finished fifth in the 1972–73 Bundesliga, [11] however they won the 1972–73 DFB-Pokal, the German domestic cup competition. This meant they would be participating in the European Cup Winners' Cup in the following season. [12]

First leg

Summary

Abandoned game

There had been heavy rain in Liverpool in the week before the first leg. Nevertheless, Austrian referee Erich Linemayr decided that the first leg on 9 May would still go ahead. The rain had intensified following the kick-off and the players were unable to pass the ball to each other. The referee took the decision to abandon the game after 27 minutes with the match to be played the next day. [13]

Re-arranged game

John Toshack, whose introduction in the replayed first leg contributed to Liverpool's victory. John Toshack 2011.jpg
John Toshack, whose introduction in the replayed first leg contributed to Liverpool's victory.

The 27 minutes that had been played the previous day had given Liverpool manager Bill Shankly insight into how to beat Borussia. He noted that defender Günter Netzer was suspect in the air, to exploit this he decided to omit Brian Hall in place of John Toshack, whom Shankly believed would exploit this weakness. [14] The inclusion of Toshack had the desired effect. In the 21st minute his header across the penalty area from a Chris Lawler pass, set up the first goal for Kevin Keegan, who dived forward to head the ball into the far corner of the goal. [13]

Keegan nearly extended Liverpool's lead four minutes later when they were awarded a penalty for handball. Alec Lindsay put a high pass into the penalty area; Borussia defender Rainer Bonhof, under pressure from Toshack, handled the ball and Liverpool were awarded a penalty. [15] However, Keegan's penalty was saved by Borussia goalkeeper Wolfgang Kleff who pushed the effort round the post. [16] Borussia nearly made Keegan pay for his penalty miss a few minutes later, but Dietmar Danner's shot hit the post. [15] Keegan made amends in the 33rd minute when he scored again. Emlyn Hughes headed the ball into the Borussia penalty area, Toshack who was facing away from the Borussia goal headed the ball back to Keegan, who volleyed the ball into the goal from ten yards to give Liverpool a 2–0 lead. [17]

Liverpool extended their lead in the 60th minute when defender Larry Lloyd scored. Toshack won Liverpool a corner and with Borussia defender Netzer focusing on the striker, Lloyd was left unmarked to head in Keegan's corner and extend the English club's lead to 3–0. Despite Liverpool's goals, Borussia were presented with an opportunity to get back into the tie when they were awarded a penalty in the 65th minute. [17] Steve Heighway's tackle on Henning Jensen was judged to be a foul by Austrian referee Linemayr. Jupp Heynckes took the penalty for the German team hitting it to Liverpool goalkeeper Ray Clemence's right, but Clemence dived the right way and saved the penalty, preventing Borussia from scoring an away goal. [16] No further goals were scored and the referee blew for full-time with the final score 3–0 to Liverpool. [15]

Shankly was equivocal in his praise of the players after the match stating: "It was an international-class game. Really tremendous. I am not making predictions about the second-leg, but we have a distinct advantage because we did not give away a goal." [18] Shankly had Clemence to thank for Liverpool not conceding an away goal and the goalkeeper revealed that he had done his homework on the penalty taker Heynckes: "I watched Heynckes take a penalty in the semi-final on television and decided to dive the same way. The save was a reward for my homework." [19]

Details

Liverpool Flag of England.svg 3–0 Flag of Germany.svg Borussia Mönchengladbach
Keegan Soccerball shade.svg 21', 32'
Lloyd Soccerball shade.svg 61'
Report
Anfield, Liverpool
Attendance: 41,169 [17]
Referee: Erich Linemayr (Austria)
Kit left arm.svg
Kit body whitecollar.png
Kit body.svg
Kit right arm.svg
Kit shorts.svg
Kit socks long.svg
Liverpool
Kit left arm.svg
Kit body turquoise blackstripes.png
Kit body.svg
Kit right arm.svg
Kit shorts.svg
Kit socks long.svg
Borussia Mönchengladbach
GK1 Flag of England.svg Ray Clemence
RB2 Flag of England.svg Chris Lawler
CB5 Flag of England.svg Larry Lloyd
CB4 Flag of England.svg Tommy Smith (c)
LB3 Flag of England.svg Alec Lindsay
CM6 Flag of England.svg Emlyn Hughes
CM8 Flag of Scotland.svg Peter Cormack
CM11 Flag of England.svg Ian Callaghan
RW7 Flag of England.svg Kevin Keegan
CF9 Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg John Toshack
LW10 Flag of Ireland.svg Steve Heighway Sub off.svg 83'
Substitutes:
MF12 Flag of Scotland.svg Brian Hall Sub on.svg 83'
GK13 Flag of England.svg Frankie Lane
DF14 Flag of England.svg Trevor Storton
DF15 Flag of England.svg Phil Thompson
FW16 Flag of England.svg Phil Boersma
Manager:
Flag of Scotland.svg Bill Shankly
Liverpool vs Borussia Monchengladbach 1973-05-10.svg
GK1 Flag of Germany.svg Wolfgang Kleff
RB2 Flag of Germany.svg Heinz Michallik
CB4 Flag of Germany.svg Rainer Bonhof
CB3 Flag of Germany.svg Günter Netzer (c)
LB5 Flag of Germany.svg Berti Vogts
CM6 Flag of Germany.svg Herbert Wimmer
CM7 Flag of Germany.svg Dietmar Danner
CM8 Flag of Germany.svg Christian Kulik
RW9 Flag of Denmark.svg Henning Jensen
CF10 Flag of Germany.svg Bernd Rupp Sub off.svg 82'
LW11 Flag of Germany.svg Jupp Heynckes
Substitutes:
FW12 Flag of Denmark.svg Allan Simonsen Sub on.svg 82'
Manager:
Flag of Germany.svg Hennes Weisweiler

Second leg

Summary

Liverpool's 3–0 victory in the first leg meant that Borussia needed to score three goals to force the tie into extra-time. Liverpool employed a "holding action" against the "attacking Germans" in order to protect their three goal lead. [20] Another bout of torrential rain affected the second leg, as a result the pitch was slippery, and with the onus on Borussia to attack this caused problems for the Liverpool defence. [14]

Knowing the task in hand Borussia bombarded Liverpool in the first half, the architect was midfielder Günter Netzer whose passing was instrumental to Borussia's play. Borussia's attacking brought their first goal in the 30th minute. Jupp Heynckes who had missed the penalty for Borussia in the first leg, scored from six yards after Bernd Rupp passed to him from the right hand side of the pitch. [17] Heynckes extended the German side's lead in the 39th minute when he curled the ball into the Liverpool goal from left of the Liverpool penalty area. [17]

Borussia needed one more goal to level the tie and take it into extra-time. However, despite an initial spell of dominance following the start of the second half they were unable to match the intensity that they had shown in the first half, Liverpool gained confidence from this and saw out the second half, losing the match 2–0, but they won their first European trophy as a result of a 3–2 aggregate victory. Liverpool's victory meant that they became the first English team to win a European trophy and league championship in the same season. [14]

Details

Kit left arm.svg
Kit body turquoise blackstripes.png
Kit body.svg
Kit right arm.svg
Kit shorts.svg
Kit socks long.svg
Borussia Mönchengladbach
Kit left arm.svg
Kit body whitecollar.png
Kit body.svg
Kit right arm.svg
Kit shorts.svg
Kit socks long.svg
Liverpool
GK1 Flag of Germany.svg Wolfgang Kleff
RB5 Flag of Germany.svg Rainer Bonhof
CB3 Flag of Germany.svg Ulrich Surau
CB4 Flag of Germany.svg Berti Vogts
LB2 Flag of Germany.svg Dietmar Danner
CM10 Flag of Germany.svg Günter Netzer (c)
CM6 Flag of Germany.svg Christian Kulik
CM8 Flag of Germany.svg Herbert Wimmer
RW7 Flag of Denmark.svg Henning Jensen
CF9 Flag of Germany.svg Bernd Rupp
LW11 Flag of Germany.svg Jupp Heynckes
Substitutes:
FW12 Flag of Denmark.svg Allan Simonsen
DF13 Flag of Germany.svg Heinz Michallik
DF14 Flag of Germany.svg Klaus-Dieter Sieloff
GK15 Flag of Germany.svg Bernd Schrage
Manager:
Flag of Germany.svg Hennes Weisweiler
Borussia Monchengladbach vs Liverpool 1973-05-23.svg
GK1 Flag of England.svg Ray Clemence
RB2 Flag of England.svg Chris Lawler
CB5 Flag of England.svg Larry Lloyd
CB4 Flag of England.svg Tommy Smith (c)
LB3 Flag of England.svg Alec Lindsay
CM6 Flag of England.svg Emlyn Hughes
CM8 Flag of Scotland.svg Peter Cormack
CM11 Flag of England.svg Ian Callaghan
RW7 Flag of England.svg Kevin Keegan
CF9 Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg John Toshack
LW10 Flag of Ireland.svg Steve Heighway Sub off.svg 77'
Substitutes:
MF12 Flag of Scotland.svg Brian Hall
GK13 Flag of England.svg Frankie Lane
DF14 Flag of England.svg Trevor Storton
DF15 Flag of England.svg Phil Thompson
FW16 Flag of England.svg Phil Boersma Sub on.svg 77'
Manager:
Flag of Scotland.svg Bill Shankly

See also

Related Research Articles

Borussia Mönchengladbach

Borussia Verein für Leibesübungen 1900 e.V. Mönchengladbach, commonly known as Borussia Mönchengladbach, Mönchengladbach or Gladbach, is a professional football club based in Mönchengladbach, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, that plays in the Bundesliga, the top flight of German football. The club has won five League titles, three DFB-Pokals, and two UEFA Europa League titles.

John Toshack

John Benjamin Toshack MBE is a Welsh former professional football player and manager.

Brian Hall was a Scottish footballer who played as a Midfielder. He won six domestic and UEFA trophies with Liverpool in the 1970s. He then played for Plymouth Argyle and Burnley.

David Fairclough

David Fairclough is an English retired footballer, most famous for playing for Liverpool as a striker during the 1970s and 1980s.

David Edward Johnson is a retired footballer who played as a forward and won major trophies for Liverpool in the 1970s and 1980s. He also played for Ipswich Town, Everton and other clubs.

1977–78 European Cup

The 1977–78 season of the European Cup football club tournament was won by defending champions Liverpool in the final against Brugge. The match finished 1–0, starting a run of six consecutive finals that finished 1–0 after 90 minutes, five of them won by English clubs.

Jupp Heynckes German footballer and manager

Josef "Jupp" Heynckes is a German retired professional footballer and manager. As a player, he spent the majority of his career as a striker for Borussia Mönchengladbach in its golden era of the 1960s and '70s, where he won many national championships and the DFB-Pokal, as well as the UEFA Cup. During this period the team played in its only European Cup final in 1977, losing to Liverpool. He is the fourth-highest goalscorer in the history of the Bundesliga, with 220 goals. He was a member of the West Germany national team that won the UEFA European Championship and the FIFA World Cup in the first half of the 1970s.

UEFA Cup and Europa League records and statistics

This page details statistics of the UEFA Cup and UEFA Europa League. Unless notified these statistics concern all seasons since inception of the UEFA Cup in the 1971–72 season, including qualifying rounds. The UEFA Cup replaced the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup in the 1971–72 season, so the Fairs Cup is not considered a UEFA competition, and hence clubs' records in the Fairs Cup are not considered part of their European record.

The 1972–73 UEFA Cup was won by Liverpool over Borussia Mönchengladbach on aggregate.

Philip Boersma is an English former professional footballer, who played as a midfield/striker for Liverpool and Middlesbrough among others.

1977 European Cup Final

The 1977 European Cup Final was an association football match between Liverpool of England and Borussia Mönchengladbach of Germany on 25 May 1977 at the Stadio Olimpico in Rome, Italy. The showpiece event was the final match of the 1976–77 season of Europe's premier cup competition, the European Cup. Both teams were appearing in their first European Cup final, although the two sides had previously met in the 1973 UEFA Cup Final, which Liverpool won 3–2 on aggregate over two legs.

1978 European Cup Final

The 1978 European Cup Final was an association football match between Liverpool of England and Club Brugge of Belgium on 10 May 1978 at Wembley Stadium, London, England. It was the final match of the 1977–78 season of Europe's premier cup competition, the European Cup. Liverpool were the reigning champions and were appearing in their second European Cup final. Club Brugge were appearing in their first European Cup final. The two sides had met once before in European competition, when they contested the 1976 UEFA Cup Final, which Liverpool won 4–3 on aggregate.

Liverpool F.C. in international football Football club in European competitions

Liverpool Football Club is a professional association football club in Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) competitions. Since 1964, they have won fourteen European and Worldwide trophies, more than any other British club. These consist of the UEFA Champions League six times, the UEFA Europa League three times, the UEFA Super Cup four times, and the FIFA Club World Cup once.

2001 UEFA Cup Final Football match between Liverpool and Alavés

The 2001 UEFA Cup Final was a football match between Liverpool of England and Alavés of Spain on 16 May 2001 at the Westfalenstadion in Dortmund, Germany. The showpiece event was the final match of the 2000–01 edition of Europe's secondary cup competition, the UEFA Cup. Liverpool were appearing in their third UEFA Cup final, after their appearances in 1973 and 1976. It was the first European final they had reached since being banned from European competition following the Heysel Stadium disaster in 1985. Alavés were appearing in their first European final.

1966 European Cup Winners Cup Final

The 1966 European Cup Winners' Cup Final was an association football match between Borussia Dortmund of West Germany and Liverpool of England played on 5 May 1966 at Hampden Park, Glasgow, Scotland. It was the final match of the 1965–66 season of Europe's secondary cup competition, the European Cup Winners' Cup. Both sides were competing in their first European final.

The 1976 UEFA Cup Final were association football matches played over two-legs between Liverpool of England and Club Brugge of Belgium on 28 April 1976 and 19 May 1976 at Anfield, Liverpool and the Olympiastadion, Brugge, respectively. It was the final of the 1975–76 season of Europe's secondary cup competition, the UEFA Cup. Liverpool were appearing in their second final; they had won the competition in 1973. Brugge were appearing in their first European final and were the first Belgian team to reach the final of a European competition.

The 1977 European Super Cup was an association football match played over two-legs between German team Hamburger SV and English team Liverpool. The first leg was played at the Volksparkstadion, Hamburg on 22 November 1977 and the second leg was played on 6 December 1977 at Anfield, Liverpool. The match was for the European Super Cup, an annual contest between the winners of the European Cup and European Cup Winners' Cup. Both teams were appearing in the competition for the first time.

The 1978 European Super Cup was a football match played over two legs between Liverpool of England and Anderlecht of Belgium. The first leg was played at the Emile Versé Stadium, Brussels on 4 December 1978 and the second leg was played on 19 December 1978 at Anfield, Liverpool. It was the annual European Super Cup contested between the winners of the European Cup and the European Cup Winners' Cup. Liverpool were the reigning champions, while Anderlecht were appearing in the competition for the second time after winning the 1976 edition.

After seven years of not winning any trophies Liverpool F.C. won both the Football League and the UEFA Cup in an extremely successful season, the highlight of Bill Shankly's managerial career. The rebuilding of the team from the one that served so well in the 1960s that had been fully realised.

2016 UEFA Europa League Final

The 2016 UEFA Europa League Final was a football match between Liverpool of England and Sevilla of Spain on 18 May 2016 at St. Jakob-Park in Basel, Switzerland. The showpiece event was the final match of the 2015–16 UEFA Europa League, the 45th season of Europe's secondary club football tournament organised by UEFA. Liverpool were appearing in their fourth final, after their appearances in 1973, 1976 and 2001, all of which they won. Sevilla were appearing in their fifth final and third in succession. They had appeared in 2006 and 2007, as well as the previous two finals in 2014 and 2015, winning all four.

References

  1. Jackson, Stuart. "Season 1971–72". Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Archived from the original on 1 June 2010. Retrieved 7 December 2011.
  2. 1 2 Hale & Ponting (1992 , p. 80)
  3. 1 2 Hale & Ponting (1992 , p. 81)
  4. Hale & Ponting (1992 , p. 82)
  5. 1 2 Kelly (1988 , p. 102)
  6. "Archive 1971/1972". Deutscher Fussball Bund (DFB). 6 September 2000. Archived from the original on 16 March 2012. Retrieved 29 November 2011.
  7. 1 2 3 "Matches". Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). 12 August 2011. Retrieved 5 December 2011.
  8. 1 2 Ross, James M. (31 July 2008). "UEFA Cup 1972–73". Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Archived from the original on 27 November 2011. Retrieved 5 December 2011.
  9. "1965/66: Stan the man for Dortmund". Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). 1 June 1966. Archived from the original on 10 May 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2011.
  10. "History". Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). Retrieved 5 December 2011.
  11. Naskrent, Gwidon (1 April 2001). "Germany 1972/73". Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Retrieved 6 December 2011.
  12. Werner, Andreas (1 February 2001). "(West) Germany DFB Cup History 1970–80". Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). Retrieved 6 December 2011.
  13. 1 2 Hale & Ponting (1992 , p. 74)
  14. 1 2 3 Kelly (1988 , p. 105)
  15. 1 2 3 Horridge, Dave (11 May 1973). "Liverpool on Glory Trail". Daily Mirror.
  16. 1 2 Liversedge (1991 , p. 178)
  17. 1 2 3 4 5 Hale & Ponting (1992 , p. 84)
  18. "Liverpool 3–0 Borussia Monchengladbach". LFC History. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  19. Nawrat & Hutchings (1995 , p. 114)
  20. "Liverpool survive test of character". The Times. London. 24 May 1973. p. 10.
  21. "Borussia Monchengladbach 2–0 Liverpool". LFC History. Retrieved 7 December 2011.

Bibliography