1975

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1975 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1975
MCMLXXV
Ab urbe condita 2728
Armenian calendar 1424
ԹՎ ՌՆԻԴ
Assyrian calendar 6725
Bahá'í calendar 131–132
Balinese saka calendar 1896–1897
Bengali calendar 1382
Berber calendar 2925
British Regnal year 23  Eliz. 2   24  Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2519
Burmese calendar 1337
Byzantine calendar 7483–7484
Chinese calendar 甲寅(Wood  Tiger)
4671 or 4611
     to 
乙卯年 (Wood  Rabbit)
4672 or 4612
Coptic calendar 1691–1692
Discordian calendar 3141
Ethiopian calendar 1967–1968
Hebrew calendar 5735–5736
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2031–2032
 - Shaka Samvat 1896–1897
 - Kali Yuga 5075–5076
Holocene calendar 11975
Igbo calendar 975–976
Iranian calendar 1353–1354
Islamic calendar 1394–1395
Japanese calendar Shōwa 50
(昭和50年)
Javanese calendar 1906–1907
Juche calendar 64
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4308
Minguo calendar ROC 64
民國64年
Nanakshahi calendar 507
Thai solar calendar 2518
Tibetan calendar 阳木虎年
(male Wood-Tiger)
2101 or 1720 or 948
     to 
阴木兔年
(female Wood-Rabbit)
2102 or 1721 or 949
Unix time 157766400 – 189302399

1975 ( MCMLXXV ) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar , the 1975th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 975th year of the 2nd millennium , the 75th year of the 20th century , and the 6th year of the 1970s decade. It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year that begins on Wednesday, 1 January, and ends on Wednesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is E. The most recent year of such kind was 2014, and the next one will be 2025 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2009, 2015, and 2026 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 1800, was also a common year starting on Wednesday in the Gregorian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in June. Leap years starting on Tuesday share this characteristic.

Contents

Events

January

January is the first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and the first of seven months to have a length of 31 days. The first day of the month is known as New Year's Day. It is, on average, the coldest month of the year within most of the Northern Hemisphere and the warmest month of the year within most of the Southern Hemisphere. In the Southern hemisphere, January is the seasonal equivalent of July in the Northern hemisphere and vice versa.

Altair 8800 microcomputer designed in 1975

The Altair 8800 is a microcomputer designed in 1974 by MITS and based on the Intel 8080 CPU. Interest grew quickly after it was featured on the cover of the January 1975 issue of Popular Electronics, and was sold by mail order through advertisements there, in Radio-Electronics, and in other hobbyist magazines. The designers hoped to sell a few hundred build-it-yourself kits to hobbyists, and were surprised when they sold thousands in the first month. The Altair also appealed to individuals and businesses that just wanted a computer and purchased the assembled version. The Altair is widely recognized as the spark that ignited the microcomputer revolution as the first commercially successful personal computer. The computer bus designed for the Altair was to become a de facto standard in the form of the S-100 bus, and the first programming language for the machine was Microsoft's founding product, Altair BASIC.

Volkswagen automotive brand manufacturing subsidiary of Volkswagen Group

Volkswagen, shortened to VW, is a German automaker founded on 28 May 1937 by the German Labour Front, a Nazi labour union, and headquartered in Wolfsburg. It is the flagship marque of the Volkswagen Group, the largest automaker by worldwide sales in 2016 and 2017. The group's biggest market is in China, which delivers 40% of its sales and profits.

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

Flag of Papua New Guinea Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg
Flag of Papua New Guinea

October

November

Flag of Angola Flag of Angola.svg
Flag of Angola
Flag of Suriname Flag of Suriname.svg
Flag of Suriname

December

Date unknown

World population

World population
1975 1970 1980
World4,068,109,0003,692,492,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 375,617,0004,434,682,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 366,573,000
Africa408,160,000357,283,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 50,877,000469,618,001 Green Arrow Up.svg 61,458,000
Asia2,397,512,0002,143,118,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 254,394,0002,632,335,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 234,823,000
Europe675,542,000655,855,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 19,687,000692,431,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 16,889,000
South America200,906,000230,856,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 37,050,000361,401,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 39,495,000
North America320,425,000231,937,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 11,488,000256,068,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 12,643,000
Oceania21,564,00019,443,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 2,121,00022,828,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 1,264,000

Births

January

Jorge Gutierrez Jorge Gutierrez (animator), 2014 Comic-Con.jpg
Jorge Gutierrez
Dax Shepard Dax Shepard Paleyfest 2013.jpg
Dax Shepard
Jason Marsden Jasonm12.jpg
Jason Marsden
Danica McKellar 2018-us-nationalbookfestival-danica-mckellar.jpg
Danica McKellar
Bradley Cooper Glasto17-44 (35547413626) Cropped.jpg
Bradley Cooper
Matteo Renzi Matteo Renzi 2015.jpeg
Matteo Renzi
Freddy Rodriguez Freddy Rodriguez by David Shankbone.jpg
Freddy Rodriguez
Sara Gilbert Sara Gilbert.jpg
Sara Gilbert
Yumi Yoshimura Puffy AmiYumi 20090704 Japan Expo 06.jpg
Yumi Yoshimura

February

Natalie Imbruglia Natalie Imbruglia Cannes.jpg
Natalie Imbruglia
Drew Barrymore Drew Barrymore Berlin 2014.jpg
Drew Barrymore
Gary Neville Gary Neville University of Salford.jpg
Gary Neville
Brian Littrell Brian Littrell 2011.jpg
Brian Littrell

March

Valentina Monetta Valentina Monetta, ESC2014 Meet & Greet 05 (crop).jpg
Valentina Monetta
Eva Longoria Eva Longoria Cannes 2015.jpg
Eva Longoria
Puneeth Rajkumar Puneeth rajumara.jpg
Puneeth Rajkumar
Fergie Fergie Washington D.C 2014 (cropped).jpg
Fergie

April

Adam Rodriguez Adam Rodriguez 2014.jpg
Adam Rodriguez
Zach Braff Zach Braff 2011 Shankbone.JPG
Zach Braff
Anouk Anouk, ESC2013 press conference 09 (crop).jpg
Anouk
Jasey-Jay Anderson Jasey-Jay Anderson FIS World Cup Parallel Slalom Jauerling 2012.jpg
Jasey-Jay Anderson
Johnny Galecki Johnny Galecki by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Johnny Galecki

May

David Beckham Beckswimbledon.jpg
David Beckham
Christina Hendricks Christina Hendricks at PaleyFest 2014.jpg
Christina Hendricks
Kimora Lee Simmons KimoraLeeSimmons at Push Premiere.jpg
Kimora Lee Simmons
Enrique Iglesias Enrique Iglesias 2011, 2.jpg
Enrique Iglesias
Chris Diamantopoulos Chris Diamantopoulos 4th Annual Norma Jean Gala (cropped).jpg
Chris Diamantopoulos
Helio Castroneves Helio Castroneves 2009 Indy 500 Carb Day.JPG
Hélio Castroneves
Andrew Sega Andrew1.jpg
Andrew Sega
Keiko Fujimori Keiko Fujimori 2.jpg
Keiko Fujimori
Andre 3000 Andre Benjamin.jpg
André 3000
Jamie Oliver Jamie Oliver (cropped).jpg
Jamie Oliver

June

Bryan Konietzko Bryan Konietzko by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Bryan Konietzko
Russell Brand Arthur Russell Brand (5622506846).jpg
Russell Brand
Angelina Jolie Angelina Jolie 2 June 2014 (cropped).jpg
Angelina Jolie
Linda Cardellini South by Southwest 2019 7 (32449999697) (cropped).jpg
Linda Cardellini
Tobey Maguire Tobey Maguire 2014.jpg
Tobey Maguire

July

50 Cent 50 Cent.jpg
50 Cent
Jack White Jack White Ottawa.jpg
Jack White
Cecile de France Cecile de France Cesar 2016.jpg
Cécile de France
Judy Greer Judy Greer July 14, 2014 (cropped).jpg
Judy Greer
Suriya Soorya sivakumar.jpg
Suriya
Torrie Wilson 10.1.10TorrieWilsonByLuigiNovi.jpg
Torrie Wilson

August

Charlize Theron Charlize-theron-IMG 6045.jpg
Charlize Theron
Roger Craig Smith Roger Craig Smith by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Roger Craig Smith
Casey Affleck Caseyaffleck2018 (cropped).png
Casey Affleck
Kaitlin Olson Kaitlin Olson by Gage Skidmore 3.jpg
Kaitlin Olson
Dante Basco Dante Basco 2016.jpg
Dante Basco

September

Mark Ronson Mark Ronson and Jennifer Su, 2011 (cropped).jpg
Mark Ronson
Michael Buble MichaelBubleSmileeb2011.jpg
Michael Bublé
Jimmie Johnson Jimmie Johnson crop.jpg
Jimmie Johnson
Jason Sudeikis Jason Sudeikis 2011.jpg
Jason Sudeikis
Moon Bloodgood Moon Bloodgood 2012 Dark Horse Comics booth (cropped).jpg
Moon Bloodgood
Declan Donnelly Declan Donnelly (of Ant and Dec).jpg
Declan Donnelly
Marion Cotillard Marion Cotillard Cesar 2018.jpg
Marion Cotillard

October

Bimba Bose Andrea y Bimba.jpg
Bimba Bosé
Kate Winslet Kate Winslet at the 2017 Toronto International Film Festival (cropped).jpg
Kate Winslet
Scott Weinger Scott Weinger (Emmy Awards 1993) cropped.jpg
Scott Weinger
Sean Lennon Sean Lennon Saint Asbury Park NJ 09272013 LHCollins 400.jpg
Sean Lennon
Melissa Hutchison Melissa Hutchison by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Melissa Hutchison

November

Tara Reid Tara Reid July 14, 2014 (cropped).jpg
Tara Reid
Jason Lezak Jason Lezak 2.jpg
Jason Lezak
Anthony McPartlin Anthony McPartlin (of Ant and Dec).jpg
Anthony McPartlin

December

David Hornsby David Hornsby by Gage Skidmore.jpg
David Hornsby
Mayim Bialik Mayim Bialik 2013.jpg
Mayim Bialik
Tom DeLonge Tom DeLonge 2013.jpg
Tom DeLonge
Tiger Woods Tiger Woods 2018.jpg
Tiger Woods

Deaths

January

Gustavo Rojas Pinilla Gral. Gustavo Rojas Pinilla.jpg
Gustavo Rojas Pinilla

February

Julian Huxley Julian Huxley 1964.jpg
Julian Huxley
P. G. Wodehouse PGWodehouse.jpg
P. G. Wodehouse

March

Joseph Bech Joseph Bech (detail).jpg
Joseph Bech
George Stevens George Stevens with Oscar for Giant.jpg
George Stevens
Ivo Andric S. Kragujevic, Ivo Andric, 1961.jpg
Ivo Andrić
Susan Hayward Susan Hayward - 1940s.jpg
Susan Hayward

April

Chiang Kai-shek Chiang Kai-shek Colour.jpg
Chiang Kai-shek
Josephine Baker Josephine Baker 1950.jpg
Josephine Baker

May

Avery Brundage Avery Brundage 1964.jpg
Avery Brundage

June

Eisaku Sato Eisaku Sato 1960.jpg
Eisaku Satō
Rafael Arevalo Martinez Rafaelarevalomartinez30.jpg
Rafael Arévalo Martínez

July

Lefty Frizzell Lefty Frizzell Columbia publicity - cropped.jpg
Lefty Frizzell

August

Dmitri Shostakovich Dmitri Shostakovich credit Deutsche Fotothek adjusted.jpg
Dmitri Shostakovich
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in 1950.jpg
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
Haile Selassie I Haile Selassie in full dress.jpg
Haile Selassie I
Eamon de Valera Eamon de Valera.jpg
Éamon de Valera

September

October

Gustav Ludwig Hertz Gustav Hertz.jpg
Gustav Ludwig Hertz

November

Pier Paolo Pasolini Pier Paolo Pasolini.jpg
Pier Paolo Pasolini
Francisco Franco Franco0001.PNG
Francisco Franco

December

Bernard Herrmann Bernard-Herrmann.jpg
Bernard Herrmann

Date Unknown

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

1977 (MCMLXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1977th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 977th year of the 2nd millennium, the 77th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1970s decade.

1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1984th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 984th year of the 2nd millennium, the 84th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1980s decade.

1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1997th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 997th year of the 2nd millennium, the 97th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1990s decade.

1969 Year

1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1969th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 969th year of the 2nd millennium, the 69th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1960s decade. The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon, the creation of the internet, and the commencement of the LGBT Rights Movement.

1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1980th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 980th year of the 2nd millennium, the 80th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1980s decade.

1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1968th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 968th year of the 2nd millennium, the 68th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1960s decade. This was the year of the Protests of 1968.

1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1988th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 988th year of the 2nd millennium, the 88th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1980s decade.

1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1972nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 972nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 72nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1970s decade.

1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1966th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 966th year of the 2nd millennium, the 66th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1960s decade.

1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1970th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 970th year of the 2nd millennium, the 70th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1970s decade.

1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1971st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 971st year of the 2nd millennium, the 71st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1970s decade. The year 1971 had three partial solar eclipses and two total lunar eclipses.

1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1965th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 965th year of the 2nd millennium, the 65th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1960s decade.

1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1973rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 973rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 73rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1970s decade.

1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1983rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 983rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 83rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1980s decade.

1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1982nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 982nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 82nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1980s decade.

1986 Year

1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1986th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 986th year of the 2nd millennium, the 86th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1980s decade. The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.

1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1981st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 981st year of the 2nd millennium, the 81st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1980s decade.

1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1985th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 985th year of the 2nd millennium, the 85th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1980s decade. The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.

1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1955th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 955th year of the 2nd millennium, the 55th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1950s decade.

1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1954th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 954th year of the 2nd millennium, the 54th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1950s decade.

References

  1. "Keith Jarrett – Biography". All About Jazz . Archived from the original on March 18, 2011. Retrieved April 9, 2011.
  2. "Women Cagers Make TV Debut", Ocala (FL) Star-Banner", January 27, 1975, p. 2B
  3. "1975: Tories choose first woman leader". BBC News. February 11, 1975.
  4. "BBC ON THIS DAY". news.bbc.co.uk.
  5. Archontology.org: A Guide for Study of Historical Offices: South Africa: Heads of State: 1961–1994 (Accessed on April 14, 2017)
  6. 1 2 Jeffery, Anthea (2009). People's War - New Light on the Struggle for South Africa (1st ed.). Johannesburg & Cape Town: Jonathan Ball Publishers. pp. 11–12, 14–15. ISBN   978-1-86842-357-6.
  7. The Watchtower , August 15, 1968, pp. 494–501; Awake!, May 22, 1969, p. 15; The Watchtower, March 15, 1980, p. 17, para. 5–6.
  8. "1975: London Hilton bombed". BBC News. September 5, 1975. Retrieved November 24, 2013.
  9. Malan, Magnus (2006). My lewe saam met die SA Weermag (1st ed.). Pretoria: Protea Boekhuis. p. 121. ISBN   978-1-86919-113-9.
  10. Image caption of U.S. Centers for Disease Control Public Health Image LibraryC image number 7762.
  11. Françoise Bouchet-Saulnier, et al., The Practical Guide to Humanitarian Law (Rowman & Littlefield, 2007) p.435.
  12. "Lorenzen Wright". ESPN.com.