1979 in Bangladesh

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1979
in
Bangladesh

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See also: Other events of 1979
List of years in Bangladesh

1979 ( MCMLXXIX ) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar , the 1979th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 979th year of the 2nd millennium , the 79th year of the 20th century , and the 10th and last year of the 1970s decade.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year that begins on Monday, 1 January, and ends on Monday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is G. The most recent year of such kind was 2018 and the next one will be 2029 in the Gregorian calendar, or likewise, 2013 and 2019 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 1900, was also a common year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar. See below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year of this type contains two Friday the 13ths in April and July. Leap years starting on Sunday share this characteristic, but also have another in January.

Contents

The year 1979 was the 8th year after the independence of Bangladesh. It was also the third year of the Government of Ziaur Rahman. This year martial law is lifted following elections, which Zia's Bangladesh National Party (BNP) wins.

Ziaur Rahman President of Bangladesh

Ziaur Rahman, Hilal e Jurat, Bir Uttom was the President of Bangladesh. He was an army general turned politician who, as a major in the army declared the Independence of Bangladesh on behalf of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on 27 March 1971. He became President of Bangladesh on 21st April 1977. He was assassinated on 30 May 1981 in Chittagong in a army coup d'état.

Incumbents

Ziaur Rahman.jpg
Ziaur
Rahman
President of Bangladesh position

The President of Bangladesh is the Head of State of Bangladesh.

Prime Minister of Bangladesh head of government of the Peoples Republic

The Prime Minister of the People's Republic of Bangladesh is the Head of the Government of Bangladesh. The Prime Minister and the Cabinet are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Parliament, to their political party and ultimately to the electorate.

Mashiur Rahman (1924–1979), also known as Jadu Mia, was a senior minister, with the rank and status of a prime minister in charge of the ministry of Railways, Roads and Highways of the Bangladesh from 29 June 1978 to 12 March 1979.

Demography

Demographic Indicators for Bangladesh in 1979 [1]
Population, total79,236,776
Population density (per sq. km)608.7
Population growth (annual %)2.8%
Male to Female Ratio (every 100 Female)104
Urban population (% of total)13.7%
Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people)44.1
Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people)14.7
Mortality rate, under 5 (per 1,000 live births)203.1
Life expectancy at birth, total (years)52.9
Fertility rate, total (births per woman)6.5

Climate

Climate data for Bangladesh in 1979
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Daily mean °C (°F)19.2
(66.6)
20.1
(68.2)
25.
(77)
28.2
(82.8)
29.7
(85.5)
28.9
(84.0)
28.3
(82.9)
28.3
(82.9)
28.1
(82.6)
27.1
(80.8)
25.1
(77.2)
20.1
(68.2)
25.7
(78.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches)9.7
(0.38)
14.2
(0.56)
16.9
(0.67)
94.
(3.7)
126.1
(4.96)
388.
(15.3)
516.9
(20.35)
551.
(21.7)
478.
(18.8)
109.5
(4.31)
26.
(1.0)
41.6
(1.64)
2,371.7
(93.37)
Source: Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia (UEA) [2]

Economy

Key Economic Indicators for Bangladesh in 1979 [1]
National Income
Current US$Current BDT% of GDP
GDP$15.6 billionBDT236.9 billion
GDP growth (annual %)4.8%
GDP per capita$196.4BDT2,990
Agriculture, value added$8.2 billionBDT124.3 billion52.5%
Industry, value added$2.4 billionBDT37.2 billion15.7%
Services, etc., value added$5.0 billionBDT75.5 billion31.9%
Balance of Payment
Current US$Current BDT% of GDP
Current account balance-$415.9 million-2.7%
Imports of goods and services$2,098.0 millionBDT37.4 billion15.8%
Exports of goods and services$788.2 millionBDT14.5 billion6.1%
Foreign direct investment, net inflows-$8.0 million-0.1%
Personal remittances, received$171.1 million1.1%
Total reserves (includes gold) at year end$413.6 million
Total reserves in months of imports2.3

Note: For the year 1979 average official exchange rate for BDT was 15.55 per US$.

Bangladeshi taka currency of Bangladesh

The Bangladeshi taka is the currency of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. Issuance of banknotes ৳10 and larger is controlled by Bangladesh Bank, and for the ৳2 and ৳5 banknotes, which are the responsibility of the Ministry of Finance of the government of Bangladesh. The most commonly used symbol for the taka is "৳" and "Tk", used on receipts while purchasing goods and services. ৳1 is subdivided into 100 poisha.

Events

Expanded Program on Immunization in operation in Bangladesh. Babyimmunization.jpg
Expanded Program on Immunization in operation in Bangladesh.
Chuadanga District District in Khulna Division, Bangladesh

Chuadanga, Chuadanga district or Chuadanga Zilla is a Western district (zilla) of Bangladesh. It is a part of the Khulna administrative division that covers most districts in the south-west of the country.

Bangladesh Nationalist Party centre-right political party in Bangladesh

The Bangladesh Nationalist Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties of Bangladesh. It was founded on 1 September 1978 by former Bangladesh President Ziaur Rahman after the Presidential election of 1978, with a view to uniting the people with nationalist ideology of the country. Since then, the BNP won the second, fifth, sixth and eighth national elections and two Presidential elections in 1978 and 1981. The party also holds the record of being the largest opposition in the history of parliamentary elections of the country, with 116 seats in the seventh national election of June 1996. It does not currently have representation in parliament after its boycotting of the 2014 national election.

Constitution of Bangladesh

The Constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh is the constitutional document of Bangladesh. It was adopted on 16 December 1972. It provides the framework of the Bangladeshi republic with a parliamentary government, fundamental human rights and freedoms, an independent judiciary, democratic local government and a national bureaucracy. The constitution includes references to socialism, Islam, secular democracy and the Bengali language. It commits Bangladesh to “contribute to international peace and co-operation in keeping with the progressive aspirations of mankind”. The constitution has several controversial elements like Article 70.

Sports

Team BJMC

Team Bangladesh Jute Mills Corporation is a sporting club in Bangladesh, which is mainly located in the city of Dhaka. The club was formerly known as East Pakistan IDC prior to 1971 and Bangladesh JIC from 1971 until 1978, from which point onward the club has been renamed to Team BJMC. In 1981 the club had stopped all their football related activities, however, after 29 years, in 2010 they restarted playing professional football under the new manager Arif Khan Joy. Team BJMC currently competes in Bangladesh Premier League, the top-tier association football league in Bangladesh.

Dhaka League is the third tier of football league in Bangladesh played by clubs in Dhaka. Until 2006, it was the top-tier league of the country.

Births

Deaths

See also

Related Research Articles

Hussain Muhammad Ershad Bangladeshi Army Chief of Staff turned President, now Member of Parliament

Hussain Muhammad Ershad is a former Bangladeshi Army Chief and politician who served as the President of Bangladesh from 1983 to 1990, a time many consider to have been a military dictatorship.

Bangladesh has undergone several changes of government since its independence.

The Indemnity Act of Bangladesh was formulated to give immunity from legal action to the persons involved in the assassination of president Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. The assassination took place on August 15, 1975 As the Bangladesh Parliament was not in session, the Act was promulgated on September 26, 1975, in the form of an Ordinance by president Khondaker Mostaq Ahmad. It was titled Indemnity Ordinance 1975, being Ordinance No. 50 of 1975. It was made a formal statute by Major General Ziaur Rahman and later approved by the Jatiyo Sangshad by the 5th amendment to the constitution brought about on July 9, 1979, the Indeminity Act became enshrined in the Constitution of Bangladesh. Initially the legislation gave immunity to the persons involved in the assassination of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, which took place on August 15, 1975 but later Zia and Ershad further extended the law to legalise the military coups, martial law decrees and orders and other political events and decrees promulgated under their rule.

1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1981st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 981st year of the 2nd millennium, the 81st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1980s decade.

1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1980th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 980th year of the 2nd millennium, the 80th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1980s decade.

1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1978th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 978th year of the 2nd millennium, the 78th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1970s decade.

1977 (MCMLXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1977th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 977th year of the 2nd millennium, the 77th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1970s decade.

1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1976th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 976th year of the 2nd millennium, the 76th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1970s decade.

1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1975th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 975th year of the 2nd millennium, the 75th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1970s decade.

1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1974th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 974th year of the 2nd millennium, the 74th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1970s decade.

1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1971st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 971st year of the 2nd millennium, the 71st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1970s decade. The year 1971 was the year when Bangladesh achieved independence and emerged as a sovereign country.

The 1982 Bangladeshi military coup d'état deposed the civilian government headed by the president of Bangladesh Abdus Sattar and brought to power the Chief of Army Staff of the Bangladesh Army Lt. Gen. Hussain Muhammad Ershad. After serving initially as the Chief Martial Law Administrator, Ershad assumed the post of president in 1983 and ruled until 1990.

Secularism is one of the four fundamental principles according to the original 1972 Constitution of Bangladesh. The secularism principle was removed from the constitution in 1977 by Ziaur Rahman, replaced with a statement of "absolute trust and faith in Almighty Allah", and Islam was declared the state religion in 1988. In 2010, the Bangladesh Supreme Court restored secularism as one of the basic tenets of the constitution but Islam remained the state religion. Over 90% of Bangladeshis are Muslims, the rest being Hindus 8%, Buddhists 1%, Christians 0.9%, and others 0.1%. People in Bangladesh observe various secular festivals at different times throughout the year. The ethos of secularism in South Asia is in many ways different from that of Western versions that assert complete separation of church and state. Rather, it is the freedom of individuals to practice the faith he or she desires without being subject to any form of state or communal discrimination.

2015 (MMXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2015th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 15th year of the 3rd millennium, the 15th year of the 21st century, and the 6th year of the 2010s decade.

The Constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh was adopted and enacted on 4 November 1972, after the victory of the independent country on 16 December 1971. As of 2018 the Constitution has been amended 17 times. Amending the Constitution of Bangladesh is the process of making changes to the nation's fundamental law or supreme law.

Bangladesh Italian Marble Works Ltd. v. Government of Bangladesh is a case of the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of Bangladesh. In a significant verdict in 2010, the court overturned the fifth amendment to the Constitution of Bangladesh made in 1979; and strengthened the secular democratic character of the Bangladeshi republic.

Presidential elections in Bangladesh

Since the independence of Bangladesh, the presidential election process has been changed several times due to both the Presidential and Parliamentary arrangements. According to the Second Schedule to the Constitution of 1972, the president of the parliament used to be elected by a secret vote. Later, according to the fourth amendment to the constitution, the provision of the direct election system of presidential election was introduced. But soon after 12th Amendment to the Constitution, the provision of presidential elections through an indirect election was introduced after the parliamentary system was installed. At present, President is elected by an indirect election by the members of parliament as per Article 48 of the Constitution.

References

  1. 1 2 "World Development Indicators". The World Bank. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  2. "Climate Change Knowledge Portal". The World Bank Group. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  3. Ahamed, Emajuddin (2012). "Constitutional Amendments". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  4. Sarkar, P. K.; Sarkar, N. K.; Doulah, S.; Bari, T. I. A. (2015). "Expanded Programme on Immunization in Bangladesh: A Success Story". BANGLADESH J CHILD HEALTH. 39 (2): 93–98. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
  5. "List of Champions". Atsushi Fujioka for Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 16 October 2018.