1980 United States census

Last updated
Twentieth census
of the United States

  1970 April 1, 1980 1990  

Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
U.S. Census Bureau seal
1980 U.S. census logo
General information
CountryUnited States
Total population226,545,805 (Increase2.svg 11.4%)
Most populous state California
Least populous state Alaska

The 1980 United States census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11.4% over the 203,184,772 persons enumerated during the 1970 census. [1] It was the first census in which a state California recorded a population of 20 million people, as well as the first in which all states recorded populations of over 400,000.


Census questions

The 1980 census collected the following information from all respondents: [2]

It was the first census not to ask for the name of the "head of household." [3]

Approximately 16 percent of households received a "long form" of the 1980 census, which contained over 100 questions. Full documentation on the 1980 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

Data availability

Microdata from the 1980 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Personally identifiable information will be available in 2052. [4]

State population rankings

A map showing the population change of each U.S. state by percentage. 19980 US Census Map.png
A map showing the population change of each U.S. state by percentage.
RankStatePopulation as of
1980 census
Population as of
1970 census
1Flag of California.svg  California 23,667,90219,953,1343,714,768 Increase2.svg18.6% Increase2.svg
2Flag of New York.svg  New York 17,558,07218,236,967–678,895 Decrease2.svg–3.7% Decrease2.svg
3Flag of Texas.svg  Texas 14,229,19111,196,7303,032,461 Increase2.svg27.1% Increase2.svg
4Flag of Pennsylvania.svg  Pennsylvania 11,863,89511,793,90969,986 Increase2.svg0.6% Increase2.svg
5Flag of Illinois.svg  Illinois 11,426,51811,113,976312,542 Increase2.svg2.8% Increase2.svg
6Flag of Ohio.svg  Ohio 10,797,63010,652,017145,613 Increase2.svg1.4% Increase2.svg
7Flag of Florida (1900-1985).svg  Florida 9,746,3246,789,4432,956,881 Increase2.svg43.6% Increase2.svg
8Flag of Michigan.svg  Michigan 9,262,0788,875,083386,995 Increase2.svg4.4% Increase2.svg
9Flag of New Jersey.svg  New Jersey 7,364,8237,168,164196,659 Increase2.svg2.7% Increase2.svg
10Flag of North Carolina (1885-1991).svg  North Carolina 5,881,7665,082,059799,707 Increase2.svg15.7% Increase2.svg
11Flag of Massachusetts.svg  Massachusetts 5,737,0375,689,17047,867 Increase2.svg0.8% Increase2.svg
12Flag of Indiana.svg  Indiana 5,490,2245,193,669296,555 Increase2.svg5.7% Increase2.svg
13Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg  Georgia 5,463,1054,589,575873,530 Increase2.svg19.0% Increase2.svg
14Flag of Virginia.svg  Virginia 5,346,8184,668,494678,324 Increase2.svg15.0% Increase2.svg
15Flag of Missouri.svg  Missouri 4,916,6864,676,501240,185 Increase2.svg8.3% Increase2.svg
16Flag of Wisconsin (1913-1981).svg  Wisconsin 4,705,7674,417,731288,036 Increase2.svg6.5% Increase2.svg
17Flag of Tennessee.svg  Tennessee 4,591,1203,923,687667,443 Increase2.svg17.0% Increase2.svg
18Flag of Maryland.svg  Maryland 4,216,9753,922,399294,576 Increase2.svg7.5% Increase2.svg
19Flag of Louisiana (1912-2006).svg  Louisiana 4,205,9003,641,306564,594 Increase2.svg15.5% Increase2.svg
20Flag of Washington.svg  Washington 4,132,1563,409,169722,987 Increase2.svg21.2% Increase2.svg
21Flag of Minnesota (1957-1983).svg  Minnesota 4,075,9703,804,971270,999 Increase2.svg7.1% Increase2.svg
22Flag of Alabama.svg  Alabama 3,893,8883,444,165449,723 Increase2.svg13.1% Increase2.svg
23Flag of Kentucky.svg  Kentucky 3,660,7773,218,706442,071 Increase2.svg13.7% Increase2.svg
24Flag of South Carolina.svg  South Carolina 3,121,8202,590,516531,304 Increase2.svg20.5% Increase2.svg
25Flag of Connecticut.svg  Connecticut 3,107,5763,031,70975,867 Increase2.svg2.5% Increase2.svg
26Flag of Oklahoma (1941-1988).svg  Oklahoma 3,025,2902,559,229466,061 Increase2.svg18.2% Increase2.svg
27Flag of Iowa.svg  Iowa 2,913,8082,824,37689,432 Increase2.svg3.2% Increase2.svg
28Flag of Colorado.svg  Colorado 2,889,9642,207,259682,705 Increase2.svg30.9% Increase2.svg
29Flag of Arizona.svg  Arizona 2,718,2151,745,944972,271 Increase2.svg55.7% Increase2.svg
30Flag of Oregon.svg  Oregon 2,633,1052,091,533541,572 Increase2.svg25.9% Increase2.svg
31Flag of Mississippi (1894-1996).png  Mississippi 2,520,6382,216,192304,446 Increase2.svg13.7% Increase2.svg
32Flag of Kansas.svg  Kansas 2,363,6792,246,578117,101 Increase2.svg5.2% Increase2.svg
33Flag of Arkansas.svg  Arkansas 2,286,4351,923,295363,140 Increase2.svg18.9% Increase2.svg
34Flag of West Virginia.svg  West Virginia 1,949,6441,744,237205,407 Increase2.svg11.8% Increase2.svg
35Flag of Nebraska.svg  Nebraska 1,569,8251,483,49386,332 Increase2.svg5.8% Increase2.svg
36Flag of Utah (1913-1922).png  Utah 1,461,0371,059,273401,764 Increase2.svg37.9% Increase2.svg
37Flag of New Mexico.svg  New Mexico 1,302,8941,017,055285,839 Increase2.svg28.1% Increase2.svg
38Flag of Maine.svg  Maine 1,124,660992,048132,612 Increase2.svg13.4% Increase2.svg
39Flag of Hawaii.svg  Hawaii 964,691769,913194,778 Increase2.svg25.3% Increase2.svg
40Flag of Rhode Island.svg  Rhode Island 947,154946,725429 Increase2.svg0.0% Increase2.svg
41Flag of Idaho.svg  Idaho 943,935712,567231,368 Increase2.svg32.5% Increase2.svg
42Flag of New Hampshire.svg  New Hampshire 920,610737,681182,929 Increase2.svg24.8% Increase2.svg
43Flag of Nevada (1929-1991).svg  Nevada 800,493488,738311,755 Increase2.svg63.8% Increase2.svg
44Flag of Montana (1905-1981).svg  Montana 786,690694,40992,281 Increase2.svg13.3% Increase2.svg
45Flag of South Dakota (1963-1992).svg  South Dakota 690,768665,50725,261 Increase2.svg3.8% Increase2.svg
46Flag of North Dakota.svg  North Dakota 652,717617,76134,956 Increase2.svg5.7% Increase2.svg
Flag of Washington, D.C. (1938).svg  District of Columbia 638,333756,510–118,177 Decrease2.svg–15.6% Decrease2.svg
47Flag of Delaware.svg  Delaware 594,338548,10446,234 Increase2.svg8.4% Increase2.svg
48Flag of Vermont.svg  Vermont 511,456444,33067,126 Increase2.svg15.1% Increase2.svg
49Flag of Wyoming.svg  Wyoming 469,557332,416137,141 Increase2.svg41.3% Increase2.svg
50Flag of Alaska.svg  Alaska 401,851300,382101,469 Increase2.svg33.8% Increase2.svg

Between the 1980 census and the 1990 census, the United States population increased by approximately 22,164,837 or 9.8%.

City population rankings

RankCityStatePopulation [5] Region (2016) [6]
01 New York New York 7,071,639 Northeast
02 Chicago Illinois 3,005,072 Midwest
03 Los Angeles California 2,966,850 West
04 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 1,688,210 Northeast
05 Houston Texas 1,595,138 South
06 Detroit Michigan 1,203,339 Midwest
07 Dallas Texas 904,078 South
08 San Diego California 875,538 West
09 Phoenix Arizona 789,704 West
10 Baltimore Maryland 786,775 South
11 San Antonio Texas 785,880 South
12 Indianapolis Indiana 700,807 Midwest
13 San Francisco California 678,974 West
14 Memphis Tennessee 646,356 South
15 Washington District of Columbia 638,333 South
16 Milwaukee Wisconsin 636,212 Midwest
17 San Jose California 629,442 West
18 Cleveland Ohio 573,822 Midwest
19 Columbus Ohio 564,871 Midwest
20 Boston Massachusetts 562,994 Northeast
21 New Orleans Louisiana 557,515 South
22 Jacksonville Florida 540,920 South
23 Seattle Washington 493,846 West
24 Denver Colorado 492,365 West
25 Nashville-Davidson Tennessee 455,651 South
26 St. Louis Missouri 453,085 Midwest
27 Kansas City Missouri 448,159 Midwest
28 El Paso Texas 425,259 South
29 Atlanta Georgia 425,022 South
30 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 423,938 Northeast
31 Oklahoma City Oklahoma 403,213 South
32 Cincinnati Ohio 385,457 Midwest
33 Fort Worth Texas 385,164 South
34 Minneapolis Minnesota 370,951 Midwest
35 Portland Oregon 366,383 West
36 Honolulu Hawaii 365,048 West
37 Long Beach California 361,334 West
38 Tulsa Oklahoma 360,919 South
39 Buffalo New York 357,870 Northeast
40 Toledo Ohio 354,635 Midwest
41 Miami Florida 346,865 South
42 Austin Texas 345,496 South
43 Oakland California 339,337 West
44 Albuquerque New Mexico 331,767 West
45 Tucson Arizona 330,537 West
46 Newark New Jersey 329,248 Northeast
47 Charlotte North Carolina 314,447 South
48 Omaha Nebraska 314,255 Midwest
49 Louisville Kentucky 298,451 South
50 Birmingham Alabama 284,413 South
51 Wichita Kansas 279,272 Midwest
52 Sacramento California 275,741 West
53 Tampa Florida 271,523 South
54 Saint Paul Minnesota 270,230 Midwest
55 Norfolk Virginia 266,979 South
56 Virginia Beach Virginia 262,199 South
57 Rochester New York 241,741 Northeast
58 St. Petersburg Florida 238,647 South
59 Akron Ohio 237,177 Midwest
60 Corpus Christi Texas 231,999 South
61 Jersey City New Jersey 223,532 Northeast
62 Baton Rouge Louisiana 219,419 South
63 Anaheim California 219,311 West
64 Richmond Virginia 219,214 South
65 Fresno California 217,491 West
66 Colorado Springs Colorado 215,150 West
67 Shreveport Louisiana 205,820 South
68 Lexington-Fayette Kentucky 204,165 South
69 Santa Ana California 203,713 West
70 Dayton Ohio 203,371 Midwest
71 Jackson Mississippi 202,895 South
72 Mobile Alabama 200,452 South
73 Yonkers New York 195,351 Northeast
74 Des Moines Iowa 191,003 Midwest
75 Grand Rapids Michigan 181,843 Midwest
76 Montgomery Alabama 177,857 South
77 Knoxville Tennessee 175,030 South
78 Anchorage Alaska 174,431 West
79 Lubbock Texas 173,979 South
80 Fort Wayne Indiana 172,196 Midwest
81 Lincoln Nebraska 171,932 Midwest
82 Spokane Washington 171,300 West
83 Riverside California 170,876 West
84 Madison Wisconsin 170,616 Midwest
85 Huntington Beach California 170,505 West
86 Syracuse New York 170,105 Northeast
87 Chattanooga Tennessee 169,565 South
88 Columbus Georgia 169,441 South
89 Las Vegas Nevada 164,674 West
90 Metairie Louisiana 164,160 South
91 Salt Lake City Utah 163,033 West
92 Worcester Massachusetts 161,799 Northeast
93 Warren Michigan 161,134 Midwest
94 Kansas City Kansas 161,087 Midwest
95 Arlington Texas 160,113 South
96 Flint Michigan 159,611 Midwest
97 Aurora Colorado 158,588 West
98 Tacoma Washington 158,501 West
99 Little Rock Arkansas 158,461 South
100 Providence Rhode Island 156,804 Northeast

Locations of 50 most populous cities


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