1981

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From top left, clockwise: U.S. President Ronald Reagan is shot and injured by John Hinckley Jr.; the first case of HIV/AIDS begins in United States; the Salvadoran Army kill 800-1,000 civilians in El Mozote village; NASA launches Space Shuttle Columbia; Pope John Paul II is shot and injured by Mehmet Ali Agca; IBM launches its first microcomputer; seven prisoners from the Provisional Irish Republican Army and three from the Irish National Liberation Army starve themselves to death in a hunger strike; Prince Charles marries Lady Diana Spencer. 1981 Events Collage.jpg
From top left, clockwise: U.S. President Ronald Reagan is shot and injured by John Hinckley Jr.; the first case of HIV/AIDS begins in United States; the Salvadoran Army kill 800–1,000 civilians in El Mozote village; NASA launches Space Shuttle Columbia; Pope John Paul II is shot and injured by Mehmet Ali Ağca; IBM launches its first microcomputer; seven prisoners from the Provisional Irish Republican Army and three from the Irish National Liberation Army starve themselves to death in a hunger strike; Prince Charles marries Lady Diana Spencer.
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1981 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1981
MCMLXXXI
Ab urbe condita 2734
Armenian calendar 1430
ԹՎ ՌՆԼ
Assyrian calendar 6731
Baháʼí calendar 137–138
Balinese saka calendar 1902–1903
Bengali calendar 1388
Berber calendar 2931
British Regnal year 29  Eliz. 2   30  Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2525
Burmese calendar 1343
Byzantine calendar 7489–7490
Chinese calendar 庚申年 (Metal  Monkey)
4678 or 4471
     to 
辛酉年 (Metal  Rooster)
4679 or 4472
Coptic calendar 1697–1698
Discordian calendar 3147
Ethiopian calendar 1973–1974
Hebrew calendar 5741–5742
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2037–2038
 - Shaka Samvat 1902–1903
 - Kali Yuga 5081–5082
Holocene calendar 11981
Igbo calendar 981–982
Iranian calendar 1359–1360
Islamic calendar 1401–1402
Japanese calendar Shōwa 56
(昭和56年)
Javanese calendar 1913–1914
Juche calendar 70
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4314
Minguo calendar ROC 70
民國70年
Nanakshahi calendar 513
Thai solar calendar 2524
Tibetan calendar 阳金猴年
(male Iron-Monkey)
2107 or 1726 or 954
     to 
阴金鸡年
(female Iron-Rooster)
2108 or 1727 or 955
Unix time 347155200 – 378691199

1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1981st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 981st year of the 2nd millennium, the 81st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1980s decade.

Contents

Events

January

February

March

April

April 12: First Space Shuttle launch: Columbia, April 12, 1981 Space Shuttle Columbia launching.jpg
April 12: First Space Shuttle launch: Columbia, April 12, 1981

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

November 1: Antigua and Barbuda. Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg
November 1: Antigua and Barbuda.

December

Date unknown

Births and deaths

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Assassination</span> Murder of a prominent person, often a political leader or ruler for personal gain

Assassination is the willful killing, by a sudden, secret, or planned attack, of a person—especially if prominent or important. It may be prompted by grievances, notoriety, financial, military, political or other motives. Many times governments, corporations, organized crime or their agents order assassinations. Acts of assassination have been performed since ancient times. A person who carries out an assassination is called an assassin or hitman.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1986 United States bombing of Libya</span> US April 1986 military operation in Libya

The United States Air Force, Navy, and Marine Corps carried out air strikes, code-named Operation El Dorado Canyon, against Libya on 15 April 1986 in retaliation for the West Berlin discotheque bombing ten days earlier, which U.S. President Ronald Reagan blamed on Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi. There were 40 reported Libyan casualties; one U.S. plane was shot down. One of the claimed Libyan deaths was of a baby girl, reported to be Gaddafi's daughter, Hana Gaddafi. However, there are doubts as to whether she was really killed, or whether she truly existed.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ronald Reagan</span> President of the United States from 1981 to 1989

Ronald Wilson Reagan was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th president of the United States from 1981 to 1989. A member of the Republican Party, his presidency constituted the Reagan era, and he is considered one of the most prominent conservative figures in American history.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1999</span> Calendar year

1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1999th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 999th year of the 2nd millennium, the 99th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1990s decade.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1984</span> Calendar year

1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1984th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 984th year of the 2nd millennium, the 84th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1980s decade.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1980</span> Calendar year

1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1980th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 980th year of the 2nd millennium, the 80th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1980s decade.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1992</span> Calendar year

1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1992nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 992nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 92nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1990s decade.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1983</span> Calendar year

1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1983rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 983rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 83rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1980s decade.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1982</span> Calendar year

1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1982nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 982nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 82nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1980s decade.

1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1985th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 985th year of the 2nd millennium, the 85th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1980s decade.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1989</span> Calendar year

1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1989th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 989th year of the 2nd millennium, the 89th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1980s decade.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2003</span> Calendar year

2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2003rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 3rd year of the 3rd millennium and the 21st century, and the 4th year of the 2000s decade.

This section of the timeline of United States history concerns events from 1970 to 1989

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1981.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran</span> Political party in Iran

The People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran (PMOI), also known as Mojahedin-e-Khalq (MEK) or Mojahedin-e-Khalq Organization (MKO), is an Iranian dissident organization that was previously armed but has now transitioned primarily into a political advocacy group. Its headquarters are currently in Albania. The group's ideology is rooted in "Islam with revolutionary Marxism," but after the Iranian Revolution became about overthrowing the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran and installing its own government. At one point the MEK was Iran's "largest and most active armed dissident group," and it is still sometimes presented by Western political backers as a major Iranian opposition group, but it is also deeply unpopular today within Iran, largely due to its siding with Iraq in the Iran–Iraq War.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Timeline of the Cold War</span> Timeline of the history of the Cold War

This is a timeline of the main events of the Cold War, a state of political and military tension after World War II between powers in the Western Bloc and powers in the Eastern Bloc.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Haft-e Tir bombing</span> 1981 attack in Tehran, Iran, on the Islamic Republican Party headquarters

On 28 June 1981, a powerful bomb went off at the headquarters of the Islamic Republican Party (IRP) in Tehran, while a meeting of party leaders was in progress. Seventy-four leading officials of the Islamic Republic of Iran were killed, including Chief Justice Ayatollah Mohammad Beheshti, who was the second most powerful figure in the Iranian Revolution. The Iranian government first blamed SAVAK and the Iraqi regime. Two days later, on 30 June, the People's Mujahedin of Iran was accused by Khomeini of being behind the attack. Several non-Iranian sources also believe the bombing was conducted by the People's Mujahedin of Iran.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Extrajudicial killing</span> Intentional and unlawful killings of individuals by state actors without judicial process

An extrajudicial killing is the deliberate killing of a person without the lawful authority granted by a judicial proceeding. It typically refers to government authorities, whether lawfully or unlawfully, targeting specific people for death, which in authoritarian regimes often involves political, trade union, dissident, religious and social figures. The term is typically used in situations that imply the human rights of the victims have been violated; deaths caused by legal police actions or legal warfighting on a battlefield are generally not included, even though military and police forces are often used for killings seen by critics as illegitimate. The label "extrajudicial killing" has also been applied to organized, lethal enforcement of extralegal social norms by non-government actors, including lynchings and honor killings.

This is a timeline of the 21st century.

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