1982 FIFA World Cup

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1982 FIFA World Cup
Copa Mundial de Fútbol – España 82
Copa del Món de Futbol de 1982
1982ko Munduko Futbol Txapelketa
Mundial de Fútbol de 1982
Copa Mundial de Fútbol de 1982
1982 FIFA World Cup.svg
1982 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host countrySpain
Dates13 June – 11 July
Teams24 (from 6 confederations)
Venue(s)17 (in 14 host cities)
Final positions
ChampionsFlag of Italy.svg  Italy (3rd title)
Runners-upFlag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Third placeFlag of Poland.svg  Poland
Fourth placeFlag of France.svg  France
Tournament statistics
Matches played52
Goals scored146 (2.81 per match)
Attendance2,109,723 (40,572 per match)
Top scorer(s) Flag of Italy.svg Paolo Rossi (6 goals)
Best player(s) Flag of Italy.svg Paolo Rossi [1]
Best young player Flag of France.svg Manuel Amoros [1]
Fair play awardFlag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil [1]
1978
1986

The 1982 FIFA World Cup was the 12th FIFA World Cup, played in Spain between 13 June and 11 July 1982. The tournament was won by Italy, who defeated West Germany 3–1 in the final match, held in the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium in Spanish capital of Madrid. It was Italy's third World Cup title, but their first since 1938. The defending champions, Argentina, were eliminated in the second group round. Algeria, Cameroon, Honduras, Kuwait and New Zealand made their first appearances in the finals.

FIFA World Cup Association football competition for mens national teams

The FIFA World Cup, often simply called the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the sport's global governing body. The championship has been awarded every four years since the inaugural tournament in 1930, except in 1942 and 1946 when it was not held because of the Second World War. The current champion is France, which won its second title at the 2018 tournament in Russia.

Spain Kingdom in Southwest Europe

Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain, is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory also includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are also part of Spanish territory. The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.

Italy national football team Mens national association football team representing Italy

The Italy national football team has officially represented Italy in international football since their first match in 1910. The squad is under the global jurisdiction of FIFA and is governed in Europe by UEFA—the latter of which was co-founded by the Italian team's supervising body, the Italian Football Federation (FIGC). Italy's home matches are played at various stadiums throughout Italy, and their primary training ground, Centro Tecnico Federale di Coverciano, is located at the FIGC technical headquarters in Coverciano, Florence.

Contents

The tournament featured the first penalty shoot-out in World Cup competition. [2] [3] This was the last World Cup to feature two round of group stages. It was also the third time (after 1934 and 1966) in which all four semifinalists were European.

1934 FIFA World Cup 1934 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1934 FIFA World Cup was the second FIFA World Cup, the world championship for men's national association football teams. It took place in Italy from 27 May to 10 June 1934.

1966 FIFA World Cup 1966 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1966 FIFA World Cup was the eighth FIFA World Cup and was held in England from 11 to 30 July 1966. England beat West Germany 4–2 in the final, winning the Jules Rimet Trophy. It is England's only FIFA World Cup title. They were the fifth nation to win and the third host nation to win after Uruguay in 1930 and Italy in 1934.

In the first round of Group 3, Hungary defeated El Salvador 10–1, equalling the largest margin of victory recorded in the finals (Hungary over South Korea 9–0 in 1954, and Yugoslavia over Zaire 9–0 in 1974).

Host selection

Spain was chosen as the host nation by FIFA in London, England on 6 July 1966. Hosting rights for the 1974 and 1978 tournaments were awarded at the same time. West Germany agreed a deal with Spain by which Spain would support West Germany for the 1974 tournament, and in return West Germany would allow Spain to bid for the 1982 World Cup unopposed.

Qualification

Countries qualified for World Cup
Country failed to qualify
Countries that did not enter World Cup
Country not a FIFA member 1982 world cup qualification.png
  Countries qualified for World Cup
  Country failed to qualify
  Countries that did not enter World Cup
  Country not a FIFA member

For the first time, the World Cup finals expanded from 16 to 24 teams. This allowed more teams to participate, especially from Africa and Asia.

Teams absent from the finals were 1974 and 1978 runners-up Netherlands (eliminated by Belgium and France), Mexico (eliminated by Honduras and El Salvador), and the three times 1970s participants Sweden (eliminated by Scotland and Northern Ireland). Northern Ireland qualified for the first time since 1958. Belgium, Czechoslovakia, El Salvador, England, and the Soviet Union were back in the Finals after a 12-year absence. England had its first successful World Cup qualifying campaign in 20 years [4] – the English team had qualified automatically as hosts in 1966 and as defending champions in 1970, then had missed the 1974 and 1978 tournaments. Yugoslavia and Chile were also back after having missed the 1978 tournament.

1974 FIFA World Cup 1974 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1974 FIFA World Cup was the 10th FIFA World Cup, and was played in West Germany between 13 June and 7 July. The tournament marked the first time that the current trophy, the FIFA World Cup Trophy, created by the Italian sculptor Silvio Gazzaniga, was awarded. The previous trophy, the Jules Rimet Trophy, had been won for the third time by Brazil in 1970 and awarded permanently to the Brazilians. This was the first out of three World Cups to feature two rounds of group stages.

1978 FIFA World Cup 1978 edition of the FIFA World Cup

The 1978 FIFA World Cup, the 11th staging of the FIFA World Cup, quadrennial international football world championship tournament, was held in Argentina between 1 and 25 June.

Netherlands national football team Mens national association football team representing the Netherlands

The Netherlands national football team has represented the Netherlands in international football matches since 1905. The national team is controlled by the Royal Dutch Football Association (KNVB), which is a part of UEFA, and under the jurisdiction of FIFA the governing body for football in the Netherlands. Most of the Netherlands' home matches are played at the Johan Cruyff Arena and the Stadion Feijenoord. The team is colloquially referred to as Het Nederlands Elftal or Oranje, after the House of Orange-Nassau. Like the country itself, the team is sometimes referred to as Holland. The fan club is known as "Het Oranje Legioen".

Algeria, Cameroon, Honduras, Kuwait, and New Zealand all participated in the World Cup for the first time. As of 2018, this was the last time that El Salvador and Kuwait qualified for a FIFA World Cup finals, as well as the last time that Mexico and South Korea failed to qualify.

The Algeria national football team represents Algeria in association football and is controlled by the Algerian Football Federation. The team plays its home games especially at the Stade Mustapha Tchaker in Blida.

Cameroon national football team Mens national association football team representing Cameroon

The Cameroon national football team, nicknamed in French Les Lions Indomptables, is the national team of Cameroon. It is controlled by the Fédération Camerounaise de Football and has qualified seven times for the FIFA World Cup, more than any other African team. However, the team has only made it once out of the group stage. They were the first African team to reach the quarter-final of the World Cup, in 1990, losing to England in extra time. They have also won five Africa Cup of Nations titles.and Olympic gold in 2000.

Honduras national football team mens national association football team representing Honduras

The Honduras national football team nicknamed Los Catrachos, La Bicolor or La H, is governed by the Federación Nacional Autónoma de Fútbol de Honduras (FENAFUTH). To date, the team has qualified three times for the FIFA World Cup, in 1982, 2010 and 2014.

There was some consideration given as to whether England, Northern Ireland, and Scotland should withdraw from the tournament because of the Falklands War between Argentina and the United Kingdom. [4] A directive issued by the British sports minister Neil Macfarlane in April, at the start of the conflict, suggested that there should be no contact between British representative teams and Argentina. [4] This directive was not rescinded until August, following the end of hostilities. [4] Macfarlane reported to Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher that some players and officials were uneasy about participating because of the casualties suffered by British forces. [4] FIFA advised the British Government that there was no prospect that Argentina (the defending champions) would be asked to withdraw. [4] It also became apparent that no other countries would withdraw from the tournament. [4] It was decided[ by whom? ] to allow the British national teams to participate so that Argentina could not use their absence for propaganda purposes, reversing the intended effect of applying political pressure onto Argentina. [4]

Falklands War Military Conflict between Argentina and the United Kingdom in 1982

The Falklands War was a 10-week undeclared war between Argentina and the United Kingdom in 1982 over two British dependent territories in the South Atlantic: the Falkland Islands and its territorial dependency, the South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.

Neil Macfarlane (politician) British politician

Sir David Neil Macfarlane is a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom.

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Head of UK Government

The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, until 1801 known as the Prime Minister of Great Britain, is the head of government of the United Kingdom. The Prime Minister directs both the executive and the legislature, and together with their Cabinet are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Monarch, to Parliament, to their political party and ultimately to the electorate.

List of qualified teams

The following 24 teams qualified for the final tournament.

Summary

Format

A statue commemorating the 1982 FIFA World Cup at the Estadio Riazor in A Coruna. Mundial82coruna2.png
A statue commemorating the 1982 FIFA World Cup at the Estadio Riazor in A Coruña.

The first round was a round-robin group stage containing six groups of four teams each. Two points were awarded for a win and one for a draw, with goal difference used to separate teams equal on points. The top two teams in each group advanced. In the second round, the twelve remaining teams were split into four groups of three teams each, with the winner of each group progressing to the knockout semi-final stage.

The composition of the groups in the second round was predetermined before the start of the tournament. In the aggregate, Groups A and B were to include one team from each of Groups 1 through 6, and Groups C and D included the remaining six teams. The winners of Groups 1 and 3 were in Group A whilst the runners-up were in Group C. The winners of Groups 2 and 4 were in Group B whilst the runners-up were in Group D. The winner of Group 5 was in Group D whilst the runner-up was in Group B. The winner of Group 6 was in Group C whilst the runner-up was in Group A. Thus, Group A mirrored Group C, and Group B mirrored Group D with the winners and runners-up from the first round being placed into opposite groups in the second round.

The second-round groups that mirrored each other (based on the first-round groupings) faced off against each other in the semifinals. Thus, the Group A winner played the Group C winner, and the Group B winner player the Group D winner. This meant that if two teams which played in the same first-round group both emerged from the second round, they would meet for the second time of the tournament in a semifinal match. It also guaranteed that the final match would feature two teams that had not previously played each other in the tournament. As it turned out, Italy and Poland who were both in Group 1 in the first round, each won their second-round groups and played each other in a semifinal match. [5]

First group stage

In Group 1, newcomers Cameroon held both Poland and Italy to draws, and were denied a place in the next round on the basis of having scored fewer goals than Italy (the sides had an equal goal difference). Poland and Italy qualified over Cameroon and Peru. Italian journalists and tifosi criticised their team for their uninspired performances that managed three draws; the squad was reeling from the recent Serie A scandal, where national players were suspended for match fixing and illegal betting. [6]

Group 2 saw one of the great World Cup upsets on the first day with the 2–1 victory of Algeria over reigning European Champions West Germany. In the final match in the group, West Germany met Austria in a match later dubbed as the "Disgrace of Gijón". Algeria had already played their final group game the day before, and West Germany and Austria knew that a West German win by 1 or 2 goals would qualify them both, while a larger German victory would qualify Algeria over Austria, and a draw or an Austrian win would eliminate the Germans. After 10 minutes of all-out attack, West Germany scored through a goal by Horst Hrubesch. After the goal was scored, the two teams kicked the ball around aimlessly for the rest of the match. Chants of "Fuera, fuera" ("Out, out") were screamed by the Spanish crowd, while angry Algerian supporters waved banknotes at the players. This performance was widely deplored, even by the German and Austrian fans. One German fan was so upset by his team's display that he burned his German flag in disgust. [7] Algeria protested to FIFA, who ruled that the result be allowed to stand; FIFA introduced a revised qualification system at subsequent World Cups in which the final two games in each group were played simultaneously.

Group 3, where the opening ceremony and first match of the tournament took place, saw Belgium beat defending champions Argentina 1–0. The Camp Nou stadium was the home of Barcelona, and many fans had wanted to see the club's new signing, Argentinian star Diego Maradona, who did not perform to expectations. Both Belgium and Argentina ultimately advanced at the expense of Hungary and El Salvador despite Hungary's 10–1 win over the Central American nation — which, with a total of 11 goals, is the second highest scoreline in a World Cup game (equal with Brazil's 6–5 victory over Poland in the 1938 tournament and Hungary's 8–3 victory over West Germany in the 1954 tournament).

Group 4 opened with England midfielder Bryan Robson's goal against France after only 27 seconds of play. England won 3–1 and qualified along with France over Czechoslovakia and Kuwait, though the tiny Gulf emirate held Czechoslovakia to a 1–1 draw. In the game between Kuwait and France, with France leading 3–1, France midfielder Alain Giresse scored a goal vehemently contested by the Kuwait team, who had stopped play after hearing a piercing whistle from the stands, which they thought had come from Soviet referee Miroslav Stupar. Play had not yet resumed when Sheikh Fahad Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, brother of the then-Kuwaiti Emir and president of the Kuwait Football Association, rushed onto the pitch to remonstrate with the referee. Stupar reversed his initial decision and disallowed the goal to the fury of the French. Maxime Bossis scored another valid goal a few minutes later and France won 4–1.

In Group 5, Honduras held hosts Spain to a 1–1 draw. Northern Ireland won the group outright, eliminating Yugoslavia and beating hosts Spain 1–0; Northern Ireland had to play the majority of the second half with ten men after Mal Donaghy was dismissed. Spain scraped by thanks to a controversial penalty in the 2–1 victory over Yugoslavia. At 17 years and 41 days, Northern Ireland forward Norman Whiteside was the youngest player to appear in a World Cup match. [8]

Brazil were in Group 6. With Zico, Sócrates, Falcão, Éder and others, they boasted an offensive firepower that promised a return to the glory days of 1970. They beat the USSR 2–1 thanks to a 20-metre Éder goal two minutes from time, then Scotland and New Zealand with four goals each. The Soviets took the group's other qualifying berth on goal difference at the expense of the Scots.

Second group stage

Poland opened Group A with a 3–0 defeat of Belgium thanks to a Zbigniew Boniek hat-trick. The Soviet Union prevailed 1–0 in the next match over Belgium. The Poles edged out the USSR for the semi-final spot on the final day on goal difference thanks to a 0–0 draw in a politically charged match, as Poland's then-Communist government had imposed a martial law a few months earlier to quash internal dissent.

In Group B, a match between England and West Germany ended in a goalless draw. West Germany put the pressure on England in their second match by beating Spain 2–1. The home side drew 0–0 against England, denying Ron Greenwood's team a semi-final place and putting England in the same position as Cameroon, being eliminated without losing a game.

In Group C, with Brazil, Argentina and Italy, in the opener, Italy prevailed 2–1 over Diego Maradona and Mario Kempes's side after a game in which Italian defenders Gaetano Scirea and Claudio Gentile proved themselves equal to the task of stopping the Argentinian attack. Argentina now needed a win over Brazil on the second day, but lost 3–1 — Argentina only scoring in the last minute. Diego Maradona kicked Brazilian player João Batista in the groin and was sent off in the 85th minute.

The match between Brazil and Italy pitted Brazil's attack against Italy's defence, with the majority of the game played around the Italian area, and with the Italian midfielders and defenders returning the repeated set volleys of Brazilian shooters such as Zico, Sócrates and Falcão. Italian centre back Gentile was assigned to mark Brazilian striker Zico, earning a yellow card and a suspension for the semi-final. Paolo Rossi opened the scoring when he headed in Antonio Cabrini's cross with just five minutes played. Sócrates equalised for Brazil seven minutes later. In the twenty-fifth minute Rossi stepped past Júnior, intercepted a pass from Cerezo across the Brazilians' goal, and drilled the shot home. The Brazilians threw everything in search of another equaliser, while Italy defended bravely. On 68 minutes, Falcão collected a pass from Júnior and as Cerezo's dummy run distracted three defenders, fired home from 20 yards out. Now Italy had gained the lead twice thanks to Rossi's goals, and Brazil had come back twice; At 2–2, Brazil would have been through on goal difference, but in the 74th minute, a poor clearance from an Italian corner kick went back to the Brazilian six-yard line where Rossi and Francesco Graziani were waiting. Both aimed at the same shot, Rossi connecting to get a hat trick and sending Italy into the lead for good. In the 86th minute Giancarlo Antognoni scored an apparent fourth goal for Italy, but it was wrongly disallowed for offside. In the dying moments Dino Zoff made a miraculous save to deny Oscar a goal, ensuring that Italy advanced to the semi-final. [9] [10]

In the last group, Group D, France dispatched Austria 1–0 with a free kick goal by Bernard Genghini, and then defeated Northern Ireland 4–1 to reach their first semi-final since 1958.

Semi-finals, third-place match, and final

Adidas Tango Espana, official match ball of Spain '82 Adidas Tango Espana.jpg
Adidas Tango España, official match ball of Spain '82

In a re-match of the encounter in the first round, Italy beat Poland in the first semi-final through two goals from Paolo Rossi. In the game between France and West Germany, the Germans opened the scoring through a Pierre Littbarski strike in the 17th minute, and the French equalised nine minutes later with a Michel Platini penalty. In the second half a long through ball sent French defender Patrick Battiston racing clear towards the German goal. With both Battiston and the lone German defender trying to be the first to reach the ball, Battiston flicked it past German keeper Harald Schumacher from the edge of the German penalty area and Schumacher reacted by jumping up to block. Schumacher did not seem to go for the ball, however, and clattered straight into the oncoming Battiston – which left the French player unconscious and knocked two of his teeth out. Schumacher's action has been described as "one of history's most shocking fouls". [11] The ball went just wide of the post and Dutch referee Charles Corver deemed Schumacher's tackle on Battiston not to be a foul and awarded a goal kick. Play was interrupted for several minutes while Battiston, still unconscious and with a broken jaw, was carried off the field on a stretcher.

After French defender Manuel Amoros had sent a 25-metre drive crashing onto the West German crossbar in the final minute, the match went into extra time. On 92 minutes, France's sweeper Marius Trésor fired a swerving volley under Schumacher's crossbar from ten metres out to make it 2–1. Six minutes later, an unmarked Alain Giresse drove in an 18-metre shot off the inside of the right post to finish off a counter-attack and put France up 3–1. But West Germany would not give up. In the 102nd minute a counter-attack culminated in a cross that recent substitute Karl-Heinz Rummenigge turned in at the near post from a difficult angle with the outside of his foot, reducing France's lead to 3–2. Then in the 108th minute Germany took a short corner and after France failed to clear, the ball was played by Germany to Littbarski whose cross to Horst Hrubesch was headed back to the centre towards Klaus Fischer, who was unmarked but with his back to goal. Fischer in turn volleyed the ball past French keeper Jean-Luc Ettori with a bicycle kick, levelling the scores at 3–3.

The match went to penalties, with France and West Germany participating in the first penalty shootout at a World Cup finals. Giresse, Manfred Kaltz, Manuel Amoros, Paul Breitner and Dominique Rocheteau all converted penalties until Uli Stielike was stopped by Ettori, giving France the advantage. But then Schumacher stepped forward, lifted the tearful Stielike from the ground, and saved Didier Six's shot. With Germany handed the lifeline they needed Littbarski converted his penalty, followed by Platini for France, and then Rummenigge for Germany as the tension mounted. France defender Maxime Bossis then had his kick parried by Schumacher who anticipated it, and Hrubesch stepped up to score and send Germany to the World Cup final yet again with a victory on penalties, 5–4.

"After I scored, my whole life passed before me – the same feeling they say you have when you are about to die, the joy of scoring in a World Cup final was immense, something I dreamed about as a kid, and my celebration was a release after realising that dream. I was born with that scream inside me, that was just the moment it came out."

—Italian midfielder Marco Tardelli on his iconic goal celebration from the 1982 World Cup Final. [12]

In the third-place match, Poland edged the French side 3–2 which matched Poland's best performance at a World Cup previously achieved in 1974. France would go on to win the European Championship two years later.

In the final, Antonio Cabrini fired a penalty wide of goal in the first half. In the second half, Paolo Rossi scored first for the third straight game by heading home Gentile's bouncing cross at close range. Exploiting the situation, Italy scored twice more on quick counter-strikes, all the while capitalising on their defence to hold the Germans. With Gentile and Gaetano Scirea holding the centre, the Italian strikers were free to counter-punch the weakened German defence. Marco Tardelli's shot from the edge of the area beat Schumacher first, and Alessandro Altobelli, the substitute for injured striker Francesco Graziani, made it 3–0 at the end of a solo sprint down the right side by the stand-out winger Bruno Conti. Italy's lead appeared secure, encouraging Italian president Sandro Pertini to wag his finger at the cameras in a playful "not going to catch us now" gesture. In the 83rd minute, Paul Breitner scored for West Germany, but it was only a consolation goal as Italy won 3–1 to claim their first World Cup title in 44 years, and their third in total.

Records

Italy became the first team to advance from the first round without winning a game, drawing all three (while Cameroon were eliminated in the same way by virtue of having only one goal scored against Italy's two), and also the only World Cup winner to draw or lose three matches at the Finals. By winning, Italy equalled Brazil's record of winning the World Cup three times. Italy's total of twelve goals scored in seven matches set a new low for average goals scored per game by a World Cup winning side (subsequently exceeded by Spain in 2010), while Italy's aggregate goal difference of +6 for the tournament remains a record low for a champion, equalled by Spain.

Italy's 40-year-old captain-goalkeeper Dino Zoff became the oldest player to win the World Cup. [13] This was the first World Cup in which teams from all six continental confederations participated in the finals, something that did not happen again until 2006.

Venues

17 stadiums in 14 cities hosted the tournament, a record that stood until the 2002 tournament, which was played 20 stadiums in two countries. [14] The most used venue was FC Barcelona's Camp Nou stadium, which hosted five matches, including a semi-final; it was the largest stadium used for this tournament. With Sarrià Stadium also hosting three matches, Barcelona was the Spanish city with the most matches in España 1982 with eight; Madrid, the nation's capital, followed with seven.

This particular World Cup was organised in such a way that all of the matches of each of the six groups were assigned stadiums in cities near to each other, in order to reduce the stress of travel on the players and fans. For example, Group 1 matches were played in Vigo and A Coruña, Group 2 in Gijón and Oviedo, Group 3 in Elche and Alicante (except for the first match, which was the opening match of the tournament, which was played at the Camp Nou), Group 4 in Bilbao and Valladolid, Group 5 (which included hosts Spain) in Valencia and Zaragoza, and Group 6 in Seville and Malaga (of the three first-round matches in Seville, the first match between Brazil and the Soviet Union was played in the Pizjuán Stadium, and the other two were played in the Villamarín Stadium).

When the tournament went into the round-robin second round matches, all the aforementioned cities excluding Barcelona, Alicante and Seville did not host any more matches in España 1982. Both the Santiago Bernabéu and Vicente Calderón stadiums in Madrid and the Sarrià Stadium in Barcelona were used for the first time for this tournament for the second round matches. Madrid and Barcelona hosted the four second round group matches; Barcelona hosted Groups A and C (Camp Nou hosted all three of Group A's matches, and Sarrià did the same with Group C's matches) and Madrid hosted Groups B and D (Real Madrid's Bernabeu Stadium hosted all three of Group B's matches, and Atlético Madrid's Calderon Stadium did the same with the Group D matches)

The two semi final matches were held at Camp Nou and the Pizjuán Stadium in Seville, the third largest stadium used for the tournament (one of only two España 1982 matches it hosted), the third place match was held in Alicante and the final was held at the Bernabeu, the second largest stadium used for this tournament. [15]

Barcelona Madrid
Camp Nou Sarrià Santiago Bernabéu Vicente Calderón
Capacity: 121,401Capacity: 40,400Capacity: 90,089Capacity: 65,695
Camp Nou aerial (cropped).jpg Sarria.jpg Santiago-Bernabeu-May-2013.jpg Vicente Calderon Stadium by BruceW.jpg
Sevilla Elche Valencia
Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán Benito Villamarín Nuevo Estadio Luis Casanova
Capacity: 68,110Capacity: 50,253Capacity: 53,290Capacity: 49,562
Seville Ramon Sanchez Pizjuan Stadium 1.jpg Panorama Estadio Betis.jpg Preferecia Martinez Valero.jpg Mestalla trofeu taronja 120811.jpg
Bilbao
San Mamés
Capacity: 46,223
San Mames Stadium.JPG
Gijón Málaga Zaragoza A Coruña
El Molinón La Rosaleda La Romareda Riazor
Capacity: 45,153Capacity: 45,000Capacity: 41,806Capacity: 34,190
Elmolinon QUINI GIJON.jpg Estado de la Rosaleda (Malaga C.F.).jpg Grada Sur de La Romareda 2019.jpg Estadio de Riazor.A Corunha.Galiza.jpg
Vigo Alicante Valladolid Oviedo
Balaídos José Rico Pérez José Zorrilla Carlos Tartiere
Capacity: 33,000Capacity: 32,500Capacity: 30,043Capacity: 23,500
Grada Marcador.JPG Estadio Jose Rico Perez.JPG Estadio Jose Zorrilla desde Preferencia A.jpg Estadio Carlos Tartiere 03.jpg

Match officials

Squads

For a list of all squads that appeared in the final tournament, see 1982 FIFA World Cup squads .

Groups

Seeding

The 24 qualifiers were divided into four groupings which formed the basis of the draw for the group stage. FIFA announced the six seeded teams on the day of the draw and allocated them in advance to the six groups; as had become standard, the host nation and the reigning champions were among the seeds. [16] The seeded teams would play all their group matches at the same venue (with the exception of World Cup holders Argentina who would play in the opening game scheduled for the Camp Nou, the largest of the venues). The remaining 18 teams were split into three pots based on FIFA's assessment of the team's strength, but also taking in account geographic considerations. The seedings and group venues for those teams were tentatively agreed at an informal meeting in December 1981 but not officially confirmed until the day of the draw. FIFA executive Hermann Neuberger told the press that the seeding of England had been challenged by other nations but they were to be seeded as "the Spanish want England to play in Bilbao for security reasons". [17]

Seeded teamsPot APot BPot C

Final draw

On 16 January 1982 the draw was conducted at the Palacio de Congresos in Madrid, where the teams were drawn out from the three pots to be placed with the seeded teams in their predetermined groups. [16] Firstly a draw was made to decide the order in which the three drums containing pots A, B and C would be emptied. The teams were then drawn one-by-one and entered in the groups in that order. A number was then drawn to determine the team's "position" in the group and hence the fixtures. [18]

The only stipulation of the draw was that no group could feature two South American teams. As a result, Pot B – which contained two South American teams – was initially drawn containing only the four Europeans, which were then to be immediately allocated to Groups 3 and 6 which contained the two South American seeds Argentina and Brazil. Once these two groups had been filled with the entrants from Pot B, then Chile and Peru would be added to the pot and the draw continue as normal. [18] In the event, FIFA executives Sepp Blatter and Hermann Neuberger conducting the draw initially forgot this stipulation and immediately placed the first team drawn from this pot (Belgium) into Group 1, rather than Group 3 before then placing the second team drawn out (Scotland) into Group 3; they then had to correct this by moving Belgium to Group 3 and Scotland into Group 6. [19] [20] The ceremony suffered further embarrassment when one of the revolving drums containing the teams broke down. [19]

Results

All times are Central European Summer Time (UTC+2)

Champion
Runner-up
Third place
Fourth place
Second group stage
First group stage 1982 world cup.png
  Champion
  Runner-up
  Third place
  Fourth place
  Second group stage
  First group stage

First group stage

The group winners and runners-up advanced to the second round.

Teams were ranked on the following criteria: [21]

1. Greater number of points in all group matches
2. Goal difference in all group matches
3. Greater number of goals scored in all group matches
4. Drawing of lots

Group 1

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 312051+44Advance to second round
2Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 30302203
3Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon 30301103
4Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru 30212642
Source: FIFA
14 June 1982
Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 0–0 Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Balaídos, Vigo
15 June 1982
Peru  Flag of Peru (state).svg 0–0 Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon Estadio de Riazor, A Coruña
18 June 1982
Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 1–1 Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru Balaídos, Vigo
19 June 1982
Poland  Flag of Poland.svg 0–0 Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon Estadio de Riazor, A Coruña
22 June 1982
Poland  Flag of Poland.svg 5–1 Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru Estadio de Riazor, A Coruña
23 June 1982
Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 1–1 Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon Balaídos, Vigo

Group 2

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 320163+34Advance to second round
2Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 320131+24
3Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria 32015504
4Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 30033850
Source: FIFA
16 June 1982
West Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 1–2 Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria El Molinón, Gijón
17 June 1982
Chile  Flag of Chile.svg 0–1 Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Estadio Carlos Tartiere, Oviedo
20 June 1982
West Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 4–1 Flag of Chile.svg  Chile El Molinón, Gijón
21 June 1982
Algeria  Flag of Algeria.svg 0–2 Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Estadio Carlos Tartiere, Oviedo
24 June 1982
Algeria  Flag of Algeria.svg 3–2 Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Estadio Carlos Tartiere, Oviedo
25 June 1982
West Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 1–0 Flag of Austria.svg  Austria El Molinón, Gijón

Group 3

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 321031+25Advance to second round
2Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 320162+44
3Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 3111126+63
4Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador 3003113120
Source: FIFA
13 June 1982
Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg 0–1 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Camp Nou, Barcelona
15 June 1982
Hungary  Flag of Hungary.svg 10–1 Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador Nuevo Estadio, Elche
18 June 1982
Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg 4–1 Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Estadio José Rico Pérez, Alicante
19 June 1982
Belgium  Flag of Belgium (civil).svg 1–0 Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador Nuevo Estadio, Elche
22 June 1982
Belgium  Flag of Belgium (civil).svg 1–1 Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Nuevo Estadio, Elche
23 June 1982
Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg 2–0 Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador Estadio José Rico Pérez, Alicante

Group 4

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of England.svg  England 330061+56Advance to second round
2Flag of France.svg  France 311165+13
3Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 30212422
4Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait 30122641
Source: FIFA
16 June 1982
England  Flag of England.svg 3–1 Flag of France.svg  France San Mamés Stadium, Bilbao
17 June 1982
Czechoslovakia  Flag of the Czech Republic.svg 1–1 Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait Estadio José Zorrilla, Valladolid
20 June 1982
England  Flag of England.svg 2–0 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia San Mamés Stadium, Bilbao
21 June 1982
France  Flag of France.svg 4–1 Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait Estadio José Zorrilla, Valladolid
24 June 1982
France  Flag of France.svg 1–1 Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia Estadio José Zorrilla, Valladolid
25 June 1982
England  Flag of England.svg 1–0 Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait San Mamés Stadium, Bilbao

Group 5

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland 312021+14Advance to second round
2Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 31113303
3Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia 31112203
4Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras 30212312
Source: FIFA
16 June 1982
Spain  Flag of Spain.svg 1–1 Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras Estadio Luis Casanova, Valencia
17 June 1982
Yugoslavia  Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg 0–0 Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland La Romareda, Zaragoza
20 June 1982
Spain  Flag of Spain.svg 2–1 Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia Estadio Luis Casanova, Valencia
21 June 1982
Honduras  Flag of Honduras.svg 1–1 Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland La Romareda, Zaragoza
24 June 1982
Honduras  Flag of Honduras.svg 0–1 Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia La Romareda, Zaragoza
25 June 1982
Spain  Flag of Spain.svg 0–1 Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland Estadio Luis Casanova, Valencia

Group 6

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 3300102+86Advance to second round
2Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 311164+23
3Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland 31118803
4Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 3003212100
Source: FIFA
14 June 1982
Brazil  Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg 2–1 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán Stadium, Seville
15 June 1982
Scotland  Flag of Scotland.svg 5–2 Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand La Rosaleda Stadium, Málaga
18 June 1982
Brazil  Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg 4–1 Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland Estadio Benito Villamarín, Seville
19 June 1982
Soviet Union  Flag of the Soviet Union.svg 3–0 Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand La Rosaleda Stadium, Málaga
22 June 1982
Soviet Union  Flag of the Soviet Union.svg 2–2 Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland La Rosaleda Stadium, Málaga
23 June 1982
Brazil  Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg 4–0 Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Estadio Benito Villamarín, Seville

Second group stage

The second round of matches consisted of four 3-way round-robin groups, each confined to one stadium in one of Spain's two largest cities: 2 in Madrid, and 2 in Barcelona. The winners of each one of these groups would progress to the semi-finals.

Teams were ranked on the following criteria: [21]

1. Greater number of points in all group matches
2. Goal difference in all group matches
3. Greater number of goals scored in all group matches
4. Whether the team finished first or second in their first round group
5. Drawing of lots

Although the fixtures were provisionally determined in advance, the teams competing in each fixture depended on the result of the opening match in each group: Should a team be defeated in the opening game of the group, that team would then have to play in the second fixture against the team not participating in the opening group game; the winner of the opening game would, by contrast, be rewarded by not needing to play again until the final fixture of the group and therefore gained extra recovery time. If the opening game was a draw, the predetermined order of games would proceed as planned. These regulations helped ensure that the final group games were of importance as no team could already have progressed to the semi-finals by the end of the second fixtures. [21]

The 43,000-capacity Sarria Stadium in Barcelona, used for the Group C round-robin matches between Italy, Argentina and Brazil was, unlike any of the other matches (except 1) in the other groups, severely overcrowded for all 3 matches. The venue was then heavily criticised for its lack of space and inability to handle such rampant crowds; although no one had foreseen such crowds at all; the Group A matches held at the nearby and much larger 99,500-capacity Camp Nou stadium never went past 65,000 and hosted all European teams; it was anticipated there would be larger crowds for the Camp Nou-hosted second round matches between Belgium, the Soviet Union and Poland. [22]

Group A

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 211030+33Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 211010+13
3Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 20020440
Source: FIFA
28 June 1982
Poland  Flag of Poland.svg 3–0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Camp Nou, Barcelona
1 July 1982
Belgium  Flag of Belgium (civil).svg 0–1 Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union Camp Nou, Barcelona
4 July 1982
Soviet Union  Flag of the Soviet Union.svg 0–0 Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Camp Nou, Barcelona

Group B

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 211021+13Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of England.svg  England 20200002
3Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 20111211
Source: FIFA
29 June 1982
West Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 0–0 Flag of England.svg  England Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, Madrid
2 July 1982
West Germany  Flag of Germany.svg 2–1 Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, Madrid
5 July 1982
Spain  Flag of Spain.svg 0–0 Flag of England.svg  England Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, Madrid

Group C

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 220053+24Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 210154+12
3Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 20022530
Source: FIFA
29 June 1982
Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 2–1 Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Sarrià Stadium, Barcelona
2 July 1982
Argentina  Flag of Argentina.svg 1–3 Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil Sarrià Stadium, Barcelona
5 July 1982
Italy  Flag of Italy.svg 3–2 Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil Sarrià Stadium, Barcelona

Group D

PosTeamPldWDLGFGAGDPtsQualification
1Flag of France.svg  France 220051+44Advance to knockout stage
2Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 20112311
3Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland 20113631
Source: FIFA
28 June 1982
Austria  Flag of Austria.svg 0–1 Flag of France.svg  France Vicente Calderón Stadium, Madrid
1 July 1982
Austria  Flag of Austria.svg 2–2 Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland Vicente Calderón Stadium, Madrid
4 July 1982
France  Flag of France.svg 4–1 Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland Vicente Calderón Stadium, Madrid

Knockout stage

 
Semi-finalsFinal
 
      
 
8 July – Barcelona (Camp Nou)
 
 
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 0
 
11 July – Madrid (Bernabéu)
 
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 2
 
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 3
 
8 July – Seville (Pizjuán)
 
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 1
 
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany (pen.)3 (5)
 
 
Flag of France.svg  France 3 (4)
 
Third place
 
 
10 July – Alicante
 
 
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 3
 
 
Flag of France.svg  France 2

Semi-finals

Poland  Flag of Poland.svg0–2Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Report Rossi Soccerball shade.svg 22', 73'
Camp Nou, Barcelona
Attendance: 50,000
Referee: Juan Daniel Cardellino (Uruguay)

Third place match

Poland  Flag of Poland.svg3–2Flag of France.svg  France
Szarmach Soccerball shade.svg 40'
Majewski Soccerball shade.svg 44'
Kupcewicz Soccerball shade.svg 46'
Report Girard Soccerball shade.svg 13'
Couriol Soccerball shade.svg 72'

Final

Italy  Flag of Italy.svg3–1Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Rossi Soccerball shade.svg 57'
Tardelli Soccerball shade.svg 69'
Altobelli Soccerball shade.svg 81'
Report Breitner Soccerball shade.svg 83'

Statistics

Goalscorers

Paolo Rossi received the Golden Boot for scoring six goals. In total, 146 goals were scored by 100 players, with only one of them credited as own goal.

6 goals
2 goals
1 goal
Own goals

Red cards

Awards

Source: [23]

Golden Boot Golden Ball Best Young Player FIFA Fair Play Trophy
Flag of Italy.svg Paolo Rossi Flag of Italy.svg Paolo Rossi Flag of France.svg Manuel Amoros Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil

FIFA retrospective ranking

In 1986, FIFA published a report that ranked all teams in each World Cup up to and including 1986, based on progress in the competition, overall results and quality of the opposition. [24] [25] The rankings for the 1982 tournament were as follows:

RTeamGPWDLGFGAGDPts.
1Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 1/C 7430126+611
2Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany 2/B 73221210+28
3Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 1/A 7331115+69
4Flag of France.svg  France 4/D 73221612+48
Eliminated in the second group stage
5Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil 6/C 5401156+98
6Flag of England.svg  England 4/B 532061+58
7Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union 6/A 522174+36
8Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 2/D 521254+15
9Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland 5/D 513157−25
10Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 3/A 521235−25
11Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 3/C 520387+14
12Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 5/B 512245−14
Eliminated in the first group stage
13Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria 2 32015504
14Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 3 3111126+63
15Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland 6 31118803
16Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia 5 31112203
17Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon 1 30301103
18Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras 5 302123−12
19Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 4 302124−22
20Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru 1 302126−42
21Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait 4 301226−41
22Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 2 300338−50
23Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 6 3003212−100
24Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador 3 3003113−120

Symbols

Mascot

The official mascot of this World Cup was Naranjito, an anthropomorphised orange, a typical fruit in Spain, wearing the kit of the host's national team. Its name comes from naranja, the Spanish word for orange, and the diminutive suffix "-ito".

The official poster was designed by Joan Miró. [26]

Football in Action (fútbol en acción) was the name of an educational animated series first aired in 1982 on public broadcaster RTVE. Chapters had a duration of 20 minutes and the main character was Naranjito. The series lasted for 26 episodes and the theme was football, adventures and World Cup of 82. Naranjito was accompanied by other characters, as his girlfriend Clementina, his friend Citronio and Imarchi the robot.

Match ball

The match ball for 1982 World Cup, manufactured by Adidas, was the Tango España.

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