1982 Pacific hurricane season

Last updated
1982 Pacific hurricane season
1982 Pacific hurricane season summary.png
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formedMay 20, 1982
Last system dissipatedNovember 25, 1982
Strongest storm
NameOlivia
  Maximum winds145 mph (230 km/h)
(1-minute sustained)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions30
Total storms23
Hurricanes12
Major hurricanes
(Cat. 3+)
5
Total fatalities1,937 total
Total damage$1.3 billion (1982 USD)
Related articles
Pacific hurricane seasons
1980, 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984

The 1982 Pacific hurricane season, with 23 named storms, ranks as the fourth-most active Pacific hurricane season on record, tied with 2018. It was at that time the most active season in the basin until it was later surpassed by the 1992 season. It officially started June 1, 1982, in the eastern Pacific, and June 1, 1982, in the central Pacific, and lasted until October 31, 1982, in the central Pacific and until November 15, 1982, in the Eastern Pacific. [1] These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northeastern Pacific Ocean. At that time, the season was considered as the most active season within the basin; however, the 1992 season surpassed these numbers a decade later.

Pacific hurricane mature tropical cyclone that develops within the eastern and central Pacific Ocean

A Pacific hurricane is a mature tropical cyclone that develops within the eastern and central Pacific Ocean to the east of 180°W, north of the equator. For tropical cyclone warning purposes, the northern Pacific is divided into three regions: the eastern, central, and western, while the southern Pacific is divided into 2 sections, the Australian region and the southern Pacific basin between 160°E and 120°W. Identical phenomena in the western north Pacific are called typhoons. This separation between the two basins has a practical convenience, however, as tropical cyclones rarely form in the central north Pacific due to high vertical wind shear, and few cross the dateline.

2018 Pacific hurricane season Period of formation of tropical cyclones in the Eastern Pacific Ocean in 2018

The 2018 Pacific hurricane season produced the highest accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) value on record. With 23 named storms, it was the fourth-most active season on record, tied with 1982. The season officially began on May 15 in the eastern Pacific, and on June 1 in the central Pacific; they both ended on November 30. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Pacific basin, as illustrated when the first tropical depression formed on May 10.

Pacific Ocean Ocean between Asia and Australia in the west, the Americas in the east and Antarctica or the Southern Ocean in the south.

The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean in the south and is bounded by Asia and Australia in the west and the Americas in the east.

Contents

The 1982 season was an eventful one. Hurricane Paul killed over 1,000 people before it was named. Hurricanes Daniel and Gilma both briefly threatened Hawaii, while Hurricane Iwa caused heavy damage to Kauai and Niihau. The remnants of Hurricane Olivia brought heavy rain to a wide swath of the western United States.

Hurricane Paul (1982) Category 2 Pacific hurricane in 1982

Hurricane Paul was a particularly deadly and destructive Pacific hurricane which killed a total of 1,625 people and caused $520 million in damage. The sixteenth named storm and tenth hurricane of the 1982 Pacific hurricane season, Paul developed as a tropical depression just offshore Central America on September 18. The depression briefly moved inland two days later just before heading westward out to sea. The storm changed little in strength for several days until September 25, when it slowly intensified into a tropical storm. Two days later, Paul attained hurricane status, and further strengthened to Category 2 intensity after turning northward. The hurricane then accelerated toward the northeast, reaching peak winds of 110 mph (175 km/h). Paul made landfall over Baja California Sur on September 29, and subsequently moved ashore in Sinaloa the next day.

Kauai Island of the Hawaiian Island Chain

Kauaʻi, Americanized as Kauai, is geologically the oldest of the main Hawaiian Islands. With an area of 562.3 square miles (1,456.4 km2), it is the fourth-largest of these islands and the 21st largest island in the United States. Known also as the "Garden Isle", Kauaʻi lies 105 miles (169 km) across the Kauaʻi Channel, northwest of Oʻahu. This island is the site of Waimea Canyon State Park.

Niihau The westernmost and seventh largest inhabited island in Hawaiʻi

Niʻihau is the westernmost and seventh largest inhabited island in Hawaiʻi. It is 17.5 miles (28.2 km) southwest of Kauaʻi across the Kaulakahi Channel. Its area is 69.5 square miles (180 km2). Several intermittent playa lakes provide wetland habitats for the Hawaiian coot, the Hawaiian stilt, and the Hawaiian duck. The island is designated as critical habitat for Brighamia insignis, an endemic and endangered species of Hawaiian lobelioid. The United States Census Bureau defines Niʻihau and the neighboring island and State Seabird Sanctuary of Lehua as Census Tract 410 of Kauai County, Hawaii. Its 2000 census population was 160; Its 2010 census population was 170.

Seasonal summary

Hurricane IwaHurricane Paul (1982)Tropical Storm Aletta (1982)Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale1982 Pacific hurricane season

This season had twenty-three tropical storms, twelve hurricanes, and five major hurricanes. Three tropical storms and one hurricane a record number of named storms formed in the central Pacific. This was largely due to the strong 1982–83 El Niño event, which was present during the season. [2] However, this was surpassed in the 2015 Pacific hurricane season with eight storms.

1982–83 El Niño event

The 1982–83 El Niño event was one of the strongest El Niño events since records were kept.

2015 Pacific hurricane season hurricane season in the Pacific Ocean

The 2015 Pacific hurricane season was the second-most active Pacific hurricane season on record, with 26 named storms, only behind the 1992 season. A record-tying 16 of those storms became hurricanes, and a record 11 storms further intensified into major hurricanes throughout the season. The Central Pacific, the portion of the Northeast Pacific Ocean between the International Date Line and the 140th meridian west, had its most active year on record, with 16 tropical cyclones forming in or entering the basin. Moreover, the season was the third-most active season in terms of accumulated cyclone energy, amassing a total of 287 units. The season officially started on May 15 in the Eastern Pacific and on June 1 in the Central Pacific; they both ended on November 30. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Northeast Pacific basin. However, the formation of tropical cyclones is possible at any time of the year. This was shown when a tropical depression formed on December 31. The above-average activity during the season was attributed in part to the very strong 2014–16 El Niño event.

This is the first year that named storms forming between the dateline and 140°W were given names from the Hawaiian language. Previous to this year, names and numbers from the western Pacific's typhoon list were used.

International Date Line imaginary line that demarcates the change of one calendar day to the next

The International Date Line (IDL) is an imaginary line of demarcation on the surface of Earth that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole and demarcates the change of one calendar day to the next. It passes through the middle of the Pacific Ocean, roughly following the 180° line of longitude but deviating to pass around some territories and island groups.

140th meridian west

The meridian 140° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Pacific Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

The Hawaiian language is a Polynesian language that takes its name from Hawaiʻi, the largest island in the tropical North Pacific archipelago where it developed. Hawaiian, along with English, is an official language of the State of Hawaii. King Kamehameha III established the first Hawaiian-language constitution in 1839 and 1840.

After this year, it was decided that the six-year lists would be used, instead of the four-year ones. That is why the 1978 season's list was used again this season.

1978 Pacific hurricane season hurricane season in the Pacific Ocean

The 1978 Pacific hurricane season officially began May 15, 1978, in the eastern Pacific, June 1, 1978, in the central Pacific, and officially ended on November 30, 1978. These dates conventionally delimit the period of time when tropical cyclones form in the eastern north Pacific Ocean.

Systems

Tropical Storm Aletta

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
ALETTA 1982 may 21 2150Z.jpg   Aletta 1982 track.png
DurationMay 20 – May 29
Peak intensity65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min) 

The origins of Aletta are from a tropical disturbance that was first noted on May 18 about 500 mi (800 km) south-southwest of Acapulco. On May 20, the disturbance was upgraded into a tropical depression. Moving northwest, the depression became Tropical Storm Aletta 36 hours later. The system re-curved towards the northeast due to strong upper-level westerlies, reaching its peak intensity of 65 mph (100 km/h) on May 23. [2] Shortly after its peak, Tropical Storm Aletta began to weaken. However, the system briefly leveled off in intensity for 30 hours before resuming a weakening trend. [3] On May 25, Aletta slowed and moved in a large clockwise loop until May 28. Shortly thereafter, Tropical Storm Aletta was downgraded into a depression. Tropical Depression Aletta dissipated on May 29 roughly 180 mi (290 km/h) southwest of Acapulco. [2]

Acapulco City and municipality in Guerrero, Mexico

Acapulco de Juárez, commonly called Acapulco, is a city, municipality and major seaport in the state of Guerrero on the Pacific coast of Mexico, 380 kilometres (240 mi) south of Mexico City. Acapulco is located on a deep, semicircular bay and has been a port since the early colonial period of Mexico's history. It is a port of call for shipping and cruise lines running between Panama and San Francisco, California, United States. The city of Acapulco is the largest in the state, far larger than the state capital Chilpancingo. Acapulco is also Mexico's largest beach and balneario resort city.

Wind shear

Wind shear, sometimes referred to as wind gradient, is a difference in wind speed or direction over a relatively short distance in the atmosphere. Atmospheric wind shear is normally described as either vertical or horizontal wind shear. Vertical wind shear is a change in wind speed or direction with change in altitude. Horizontal wind shear is a change in wind speed with change in lateral position for a given altitude.

The outer rainbands of Tropical Storm Aletta produced torrential rains and high winds over Central America for several days, [4] [5] [6] with a peak of 57.32 in (1,456 mm) in Chinandega. [7] Ninety percent of the banana crop and 60 percent of the corn crop was completely destroyed. [4] Throughout the country, 108 people were killed, [6] Roughly 20,000 people were homeless [4] and total damage was estimated at $365 million (1982 USD); [8] damage to highways, factories, and farms alone exceeded $100 million. [6] In one village, the storm left 270 missing and only 29 survivors. [9] The capital city of Leon was hardest hit by Aletta, [10] which was considered the worst disaster in the country in three years. [6]

Across Honduras, 200 people were killed [4] and 5,000 people were without food or water 13 communities. [11] A total of 80,000 people were homeless. [5] Total damage was placed at $101 million (1982 USD). [8] Following the storm, soldiers quickly sent food and medical to at least 50 communities in both countries. [12] To prevent an epidemic of diseases such as typhoid fever, the Health Ministry started a program to give out vaccines. [6] In addition, the U.S. Embassy in Honduras attempted to outline a fact-fining mission to assess the damage and provide relief. [13]

Tropical Depression Two-E

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
02E 1982 jun 02 2108Z.jpg  
DurationMay 31 – June 4
Peak intensity35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min) 

This system originated as a low in the western Caribbean Sea on the morning of May 27. The next day it moved southwest into Guatemala with significant thunderstorm activity, emerging into the Gulf of Tehuantepec around noon on May 29. By May 31, it was organized enough to be considered a tropical depression. Slowly weakening on June 1 as it remained quasi-stationary, the system dissipated in the Gulf of Tehuantepec on June 4. [2]

Tropical Depression Three-E

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Tropical Depression 3-E 1982.jpg  
DurationJune 13 – June 15
Peak intensity30 mph (45 km/h) (1-min) 

This cyclone formed well to the west-southwest of Mexico on June 12. The depression slowly recurved due to an upper level low located well to its north-northwest. By June 15, vertical wind shear had taken its toll and the system dissipated about 300 mi (500 km) north of where it formed. [2]

Tropical Storm Bud

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
BUD 1982 jun 15 2155Z.jpg   Bud 1982 track.png
DurationJune 15 – June 17
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min) 

On June 15, this cyclone formed about 460 mi (740 km) southwest of Acapulco. Drifting west-northwest, it quickly strengthened into a tropical storm. Maximum sustained winds peaked near 50 mph (80 km/h) late on June 15. Turning south of due west, vertical wind shear weakened Bud, with the cyclone dissipating by the morning of June 17 about 23 mi (370 km) north-northwest of Clipperton Island. [2]

Tropical Depression Five-E

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
05E 1982 jun 18 2119Z.jpg  
DurationJune 17 – June 19
Peak intensity35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min) 

Late on June 16, deep convection organized in the Gulf of Tehuantepec into a tropical depression. Transcribing a small clockwise loop, the system moved west-northwest. Interaction with Mexico likely played a role in its weakening as water temperatures under the system were never below 82 °F (28 °C). The system dissipated about 90 mi (150 km) south of Puerto Ángel by the morning of June 19. [2]

Tropical Storm Carlotta

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Carlotta jul 2 1982 2154Z.jpg   Carlotta 1982 track.png
DurationJuly 1 – July 6
Peak intensity60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min) 

A tropical wave crossed Central America on June 26, creating an area of thunderstorms just inside the tropical eastern Pacific that morning. Cyclonic turning was evident by the night of June 30 while located roughly 350 mi (550 km) south of Manzanillo as the system continued westward. Slowly turning northwest, the system was upgraded to a tropical depression early on July 1 and a tropical storm by nightfall. Maximum sustained winds increased to 60 mph (97 km/h) by noon July 3. Increasingly southwest flow aloft turned Carlotta more northward into cooler waters, causing the cyclone to regain tropical depression status on the evening of July 4, ultimately dissipating southwest of Cabo San Lucas the next evening. [2]

Tropical Depression Seven-E

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Tropical Depression 7-E 1982.jpg  
DurationJuly 3 – July 3
Peak intensity35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min) 

The system formed between Tropical Storm Carlotta and the Hawaiian Islands on the evening of July 2. Slowly recurving north and northeast, the system moved into cooler waters and dissipated about 100 mi (160 km) north of where it formed by the afternoon of July 3. [2]

Hurricane Daniel

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Daniel 1982-07-10 2200Z.png   Daniel 1982 track.png
DurationJuly 7 – July 22
Peak intensity115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min) 

Tropical Depression Eight-E formed south of Mexico on July 7. Moving west-northwest, the cyclone slowly strengthened into a tropical storm around noon on July 8 before becoming a hurricane late in the afternoon of July 9. Daniel reached its maximum intensity of 115 mph (185 km/h) early in the morning of July 11 a few hundred miles southwest of Manzanillo, Mexico. As the storm moved westward, it slowly weakened. Daniel regained tropical storm status during the night of July 14, entering the Central Pacific Basin as a weakening tropical storm on the morning of July 16. Daniel retained tropical storm intensity for the next few days before weakening into a tropical depression about 280 mi (450 km) south southwest of the Big Island of Hawaii, being sheared by the same upper trough that caused Emilia's dissipation a few days earlier. Daniel turned northward, and on July 22, dissipated in the Alenuihaha Channel between Maui and the Big Island of Hawaii. [14]

Tropical Storm Emilia

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Emilia 1982-07-13 2215Z.png   Emilia 1982 track.png
DurationJuly 12 – July 15
Peak intensity65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min) 

Tropical Depression Nine-E developed near 10.0° N 136.5° W on the morning of July 12. Intensifying, the cyclone became a tropical storm later that day. Emilia moved westward around 13 mph (21 km/h) and entered the Central Pacific Basin on the night of July 12. Over the next day, the storm moved west-northwest, reaching maximum sustained winds of 65 mph (105 km/h). An upper trough to the west weakened Emilia rapidly due to vertical wind shear, and the cyclone weakened to tropical depression status early on the morning of July 15. Dissipation of the tropical depression was noted by afternoon. [14]

Tropical Depression Ten-E

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Tropical Depression 10-E 1982.jpg  
DurationJuly 13 – July 14
Peak intensity35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min) 

To the east of Daniel, a tropical depression formed on the evening of July 13 a few hundred miles west-southwest of Manzanillo. The system moved westward and weakened thereafter, dissipating about 200 mi (320 km) west of where it had formed by the afternoon of July 14. [2]

Tropical Depression Eleven-E

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Tropical Depression 11-E 1982.jpg  
DurationJuly 15 – July 17
Peak intensity35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min) 

A tropical disturbance was spotted about 650 mi (930 km) southwest of Acapulco on July 12. By the evening of July 15, cyclonic turning was evident and the system was upgraded to a tropical depression. Moving unsteadily to the west-northwest, the system weakened, dissipating a few hundred miles west-northwest of where it had formed. [2]

Hurricane Fabio

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Fabio 1982-07-19 2030Z.png   Fabio 1982 track.png
DurationJuly 17 – July 25
Peak intensity80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min) 

The cyclone developed as a tropical depression southeast of Manzanillo on July 17. Over the next couple of days, it strengthened rapidly into a hurricane as it moved northwest, peaking in intensity with 75 mph (121 km/h) winds. Gradual weakening occurred as Fabio turned westward along the 19th parallel north into cooler waters, eventually dissipating late on July 24. [2]

Hurricane Gilma

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Gilma Jul 29 1982 1915Z.jpg   Gilma 1982 track.png
DurationJuly 26 – August 2
Peak intensity125 mph (205 km/h) (1-min) 

Tropical Depression Thirteen-E formed near 9.5°N 117°30'W and moved slightly north of west. Tropical storm status was attained near noon on July 26, and the cyclone crossed the threshold of hurricane strength late on the night of July 27. By noon on July 29, Gilma reached it maximum intensity of 125 mph (200 km/h) well to the east-southeast of Hawaii. The cyclone weakened and sped up its motion to the west-northwest, crossing into the Central Pacific Basin as a category one hurricane very early on July 30. Gilma was downgraded to a tropical storm late in the morning of July 30, and a tropical depression early on the morning of August 1 as the circulation passed 50 mi (80 km) south of South Point. The cyclone dissipated late on August 1 as it passed 200 mi (300 km) south of Kauai. [14]

Hurricane Hector

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hector 1982-07-30 2245Z.png   Hector 1982 track.png
DurationJuly 29 – August 3
Peak intensity75 mph (120 km/h) (1-min) 

On July 23, a tropical wave moved off the Colombian coast. The related convection moved westward at over 20 mph (32 km/h). By the evening of July 27, the system slowed its forward motion. The next evening, a tropical depression organized within the thunderstorm activity well to the south of Baja California. Strengthening continued, as Hector became a tropical storm on the morning of July 29 and a hurricane by noon on July 30. A combination of vertical wind shear and cooler waters ahead of the cyclone led to its weakening trend, which hastened on August 1. It weakened to a tropical storm on the morning of August 2 and to a depression soon thereafter while located midway between the Hawaiian Islands and southern Baja California. [2]

Tropical Storm Iva

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tropical Storm Iva Aug 2 1982 1804Z.jpg   Iva 1982 track.png
DurationAugust 1 – August 8
Peak intensity40 mph (65 km/h) (1-min) 

A tropical disturbance was discovered 300 mi (460 km) south of Acapulco on July 31. Moving west-northwest, it achieved tropical depression status that night and tropical storm status on August 2 while 800 mi (1,340 km) west-southwest of Acapulco. Northeasterly upper level shear appears to have been Iva's nemesis, as the system weakened back into a tropical depression by the afternoon of August 3 as it turned west-southwest. The depression maintained strength for another several days before dissipating well east-southwest of Hilo, Hawaii, on the morning of August 8. [2]

Hurricane John

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
John 1982-08-05 2245Z.png   John 1982 track.png
DurationAugust 2 – August 11
Peak intensity115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min) 

Tropical Depression Sixteen-E formed on August 3 in the East Pacific between Hawaii and Mexico. The system intensified into a tropical storm by noon August 4, and a hurricane on the morning of August 5. John reached its peak intensity of 115 mph (185 km/h) as it moved into the Central Pacific Basin on August 6. Weakening commenced on August 7 due to westerly vertical wind shear caused by the semi-permanent mid-oceanic upper trough, and John weakened to a tropical storm on the night of August 8. It passed by as a tropical depression about 180 mi (290 km) south of the Island of Hawaii, and dissipated late on August 10 to the southwest of Hawaii. [14]

Hurricane Kristy

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Kristy aug 14 1982 0120Z.jpg   Kristy 1982 track.png
DurationAugust 8 – August 17
Peak intensity90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min)  982  mbar  (hPa)

Tropical Depression Seventeen-E formed by noon on August 8 in the East Pacific. The low moved west, intensified, and became Tropical Storm Kristy by midnight, and a hurricane by midnight on the night of August 9. Weakening as it entered the Central Pacific, Kristy regained tropical storm status late on August 10 while moving south of due west at a rapid 30 mph (48 km/h). As it slowed down and turned northwest, Kristy began to restrengthen. Hurricane intensity was reached again on the evening of August 13. By noon on August 14, the cyclone passed 250 mi (400 km) south of South Point, Hawaii. Westerly winds aloft slowed Kristy's forward motion down additionally, and Kristy weakened back into a tropical storm on August 15. Turning more to the west with the low level wind flow, the cyclone was downgraded to a tropical depression by noon on August 16 and dissipated that night southwest of Hawaii. [14]

Tropical Storm Lane

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Lane Aug 10 1982 2232Z.png   Lane 1982 track.png
DurationAugust 8 – August 15
Peak intensity65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min) 

The originating disturbance of this system emerged off San José, Costa Rica on August 4 and slowly consolidated. By the afternoon of August 8, Tropical Depression Eighteen-E developed well south of Cabo San Lucas. The next morning it had continued strengthening into a tropical storm. Maximum sustained winds reached 60 mph (97 km/h) as it continued moving west-northwest. Vertical wind shear reached Lane on August 10, which led to weakening. It weakened to a tropical depression late on August 11, but sporadic thunderstorm blowups near the center kept the system alive for another few days. Dissipation occurred on the evening of August 14 as it crossed the 140th meridian west. [14]

Hurricane Miriam

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Miriam sept 1 1982 2312Z.jpg   Miriam 1982 track.png
DurationAugust 30 – September 6
Peak intensity85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min) 

Tropical Depression Nineteen-E formed on August 29 a couple hundred miles southwest of Manzanillo, Mexico. The depression moved west-northwestward, intensifying into a tropical storm by noon on August 30 and a hurricane by noon on August 31. Peak intensity of 90 mph (145 km/h) was attained during the early morning of September 1. For the next couple of days, Miriam remained unchanged in strength. By late on September 3, a weakening trend was realized as it passed into the Central Pacific by the afternoon of September 4. Shearing apart soon afterwards, the low moved northwest and weakened into a tropical depression well to the east of Hawaii on the morning of September 5. It drifted north, and became a nontropical low by September 6. The cyclone was last noted near 30°N 149°W, continuing its northward trek. [14]

Tropical Storm Akoni

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Akoni Aug 31 1982 1355Z.png   Akoni 1982 track.png
DurationAugust 30 – September 2
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min) 

Tropical Depression One-C formed along the eastern end of the West Pacific monsoon trough on August 30 about 700 mi (1120 km) east of the International Dateline, well to the west-southwest of Hawaii. Moving slowly westward, the system intensified rapidly into a tropical storm by noon and was named Akoni. [14] The name "Akoni" is an ʻokina-less spelling of ʻAkoni, which is Hawaiian for "Anthony". Maximum sustained winds increased to 60 mph (97 km/h) late on August 31 as Akoni moved near the ship Nana Lolo a few hundred miles east of the International Dateline. An upper trough to the northwest set Akoni on a weakening curve, and the cyclone diminished to a tropical depression on the evening of September 1 as it moved with the low level flow. The weakening depression passed the International Dateline into the western Pacific on the morning of September 2. [14] Akoni was the first storm to receive a name from the modern Central Pacific tropical cyclone naming list. [15]

Hurricane Norman

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Norman Sep 14 1982 0545Z.jpg   Norman 1982 track.png
DurationSeptember 9 – September 18
Peak intensity105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min) 

Northeasterly shear slowed the development of the initial tropical depression which formed into Norman. Strengthening began in earnest on September 11, and the cyclone became a tropical storm, and then a hurricane by early on September 13. Maximum sustained winds reached nearly 95 mph (153 km/h) by September 15. A mid-latitude trough dug in from the north, weakening the ridge north of Norman and leading to a northward motion. Increased vertical wind shear and cooler waters weakened the hurricane, with dissipation occurring just west of Baja California on September 18. On September 17 and 18, moisture from Norman brought scattered rain to California and Arizona. [16]

Tropical Depression Twenty-One-E

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Tropical Depression Twenty-One-E.jpg  
DurationSeptember 10 – September 12
Peak intensity35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min) 

A tropical depression formed well east-southeast of Hawaii late on September 10. Moving over cooler waters soon after formation, the depression dissipated by the next evening near 14°N 134°W. [2]

Tropical Storm Ema

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Ema sept 15 1982 2347Z.jpg   Ema 1982 track.png
DurationSeptember 15 – September 19
Peak intensity45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min) 

An area of convection formed near 15°N 140°W and by September 15, a tropical depression had formed within the thunderstorm activity. Strengthening as it moved slowly north-northeast, the cyclone became a tropical storm late that day. Ema became stationary between the morning of September 16 and September 17 before resuming its north-northeast heading. Its peak intensity was 45 mph (72 km/h). Upper level shear weakened the system into a tropical depression by noon on September 18. As it crossed the 140th meridian west back into the eastern Pacific near the 20th parallel north, the depression dissipated. [14]

Tropical Storm Hana

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Hana sept 16 1982 0128Z.jpg   Hana 1982 track.png
DurationSeptember 15 – September 19
Peak intensity45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min) 

An area of thunderstorms stewed south of the Hawaiian Islands for several days. By September 15, it had organized into Tropical Depression Three-C, and quickly became a tropical storm that afternoon. The cyclone moved north-northwest for a day before slowing to a crawl for the next day. The cyclone turned southwest and weakened into a tropical depression due to vertical wind shear. It dissipated southwest of Hawaii near 13°N 162°W late on September 18. [2]

Hurricane Olivia

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Olivia Sep 21 1982 1830Z.jpg   Olivia 1982 track.png
DurationSeptember 18 – September 25
Peak intensity145 mph (230 km/h) (1-min) 

Ship reports indicated that a tropical depression had formed about 400 mi (640 km) south-southwest of Acapulco around noon on September 18. The system drifted north-northwest, developing into a tropical storm that night. About 24 hours later, Olivia became a hurricane. Rapid intensification continued, and Olivia reached its peak intensity of 145 mph (230 km/h) winds around noon September 21, becoming the strongest storm of the season. The next day, waters under the tropical cyclone began to cool as the hurricane gained increasing latitude offshore Mexico. By noon on September 23, the cyclone had weakened into a tropical storm west of Baja California. Strong southwest flow to its north spread precipitation through the western United States into southwest Canada. The cyclone weakened to a tropical depression about 500 mi (800 km) southwest of San Diego and the surface low was last seen dissipating on September 25 about 250 mi (400 km) west-southwest of San Diego.

The heavy rain in California wiped out half of the raisin crop, a quarter of the wine crop, and a tenth of the tomato crop. Olivia's remnants brought rain totals of over 7 inches (177 mm) to California and northern Utah as they interacted with a strong upper level system and the local topography. [17] The precipitation from this storm largely contributed to the record monthly precipitation in Salt Lake City, Utah, of 7.04 in (179 mm). These rains resulted in widespread losses, mainly from agriculture, amounting to $325 million (1982 USD). [2]

Hurricane Paul

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Paul 1982-09-28 1845Z.png   Paul 1982 track.png
DurationSeptember 18 – September 30
Peak intensity110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min) 

The precursor disturbance to Paul originated from an area of low barometric pressure and disorganized thunderstorms, which was first noted near the Pacific coast of Nicaragua on September 15. Five days later, the EPHC classified it as Tropical Depression Twenty-Two. The depression turned northward and then moved inland near the El Salvador–Guatemala border, and dissipated overland. [2] The remains of the depression retraced westward back over the open waters of the Pacific, briefly regenerating into a tropical depression. The depression again degenerated into an open trough on September 22. Two days later, Paul regenerated for the third time. It gradually organized into a tropical storm at 0000 UTC September 25. Two days later, Paul became a hurricane and turned north. [2] As the storm neared Baja California Sur, it reached Category 2 intensity. [3] On September 29, the hurricane crossed Baja California Sur at peak intensity. After weakening slightly inland, Paul made its final landfall near Los Mochis [2] before rapidly dissipating overland. [3]

The tropical depression that later became Paul produced the worst natural disaster in El Salvador since 1965. [2] A total of 761 people were killed [18] 312 of which occurred in San Salvador, [19] which also sustained the worst damage. [19] [20] [21] About 25,000–30,000 people were left homeless. [2] Much of San Salvador was submerged by flood waters of up to 8 ft (2.4 m) high, and even after their recession hundreds of homes remained buried under trees, debris, and 10 ft (3.0 m) of mud. [2] [19] In all, property damage from the storm amounted to $100 million (1982 US$) in the country; [19] economic losses were estimated at $280 million (1982 USD). [22] Crop damage was worth $250 million. [23]

In Guatemala, widespread catastrophic floods claimed 615 lives and left 668 others missing. More than 10,000 people were left homeless as [24] The 200 communities were isolated from surrounding areas. [25] Overall, economic losses of $100 million (1982 USD) were reported in the country. [26] In Nicaragua, Paul killed 71 people and caused $356 million (1982 USD) in economic losses. [27] Throughout southern Mexico, floods from the precursor depression to Paul killed another 225 people. [28] Prior to landfall in the state of Baja California Sur, 50,000 people were evacuated. [29] Furthermore, wind gusts estimated at 120 mph (195 km/h) swept through San José del Cabo, causing property damage and subsequently leaving 9,000 homeless. [2] Despite extensive damage, no deaths were reported in the Baja California Peninsula wake of Paul. [29] In northern Mexico, the greatest damage occurred 70 miles (110 km) south of Los Mochis in the city of Guamuchil; [2] a total of 24 people were killed by the storm statewide, although it produced beneficial rains over the region. [30] Agricultural damage was severe in the state of Sinaloa, with up to 40 percent of the soybean crop destroyed. In all, the state's corn production was down by 26 percent from the previous year. Total storm damage in Mexico amounted to $4.5 billion (1982 MXN; $70 million USD). [2] The remnants of Paul moved into the United States, producing heavy rainfall in southern New Mexico and extreme West Texas. Inclement weather was observed as far inland as the Great Plains. [31]

Tropical Storm Rosa

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Rosa sept 30 1982 2044Z.jpg   Rosa 1982 track.png
DurationSeptember 30 – October 6
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min) 

A well-organized tropical depression formed in the Gulf of Tehuantepec on September 30. Moving slowly northwest, the system became a tropical storm, reaching maximum sustained winds of 50 mph (80 km/h) on the afternoon of October 2. The system slowly weakened as it moved northwest, and Rosa brushed the Pacific coast of Mexico as a dissipating depression. [2]

Hurricane Sergio

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Sergio 1982-10-17 1830Z.png   Sergio 1982 track.png
DurationOctober 14 – October 23
Peak intensity125 mph (205 km/h) (1-min) 

A tropical disturbance was noted southwest of Costa Rica on October 12. Moving west-northwest, the system organized into a tropical depression as it crossed the 91st meridian west late on October 13 and became a tropical storm by October 14 as it entered the Gulf of Tehuantepec. It strengthened into a hurricane late that day as it passed 95°W. By the afternoon of October 17, Sergio was packing sustained winds of 120 mph (190 km/h). Cooler water was reached soon afterwards, and weakening commenced. While slowly moving west, Sergio weakened to a tropical storm by the afternoon of October 21 and to a tropical depression late on October 22. The system dissipated near 19°N 133°W on the afternoon of October 23. [2]

Tropical Storm Tara

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Tara oct 24 1982 2241Z.jpg   Tara 1982 track.png
DurationOctober 19 – October 26
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min) 

A tropical disturbance emerged off the coast of Central America. Cyclonic turning was noted on the afternoon of October 19, and a tropical depression formed 350 mi (560 km) south of Acapulco. Staggering west-northwestward, the cyclone became a tropical storm by the morning of the October 22. Maximum sustained winds increased to 50 mph (80 km/h) late on October 24. As it moved over cooler waters on October 25, the system weakened to a tropical depression that afternoon, dissipating that night near 21°N 130°W. [2]

Hurricane Iwa

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Iwa 1982-11-24 0015Z.png   Iwa 1982 track.png
DurationNovember 19 – November 25
Peak intensity90 mph (150 km/h) (1-min)  968  mbar  (hPa)

A late-season trough of low pressure developed into a tropical depression and was subsequently upgraded into Tropical Storm Iwa. At first, the After turning to the northeast, Iwa began to slowly intensify, and on November 23, Iwa strengthened into a hurricane. [14] [32] Iwa reached peak winds of 90 mph (145 km/h) late on November 23. Accelerating, Iwa passed just north of the island of Kauai on November 24. After passing the island group, Iwa rapidly deteriorated; late on November 24, the hurricane degenerated into a tropical storm. On November 25, Iwa became an extratropical cyclone. [32]

Due to the hurricane's rapid motion, [32] storm surge extended 900 feet (275 m) inland. [33] A total of 5,800 people were evacuated in Kauai. [32] In addition, 44 of the 45 boats at Port Allen sunk. [34] The worst of the damage from the hurricane occurred in Poipu and in areas where there was no protective barrier reef offshore. [32] High winds from Hurricane Iwa briefly left Kauai without power [35] and destroyed most papaya and banyan trees. [36] The hurricane destroyed or damaged 3,890 homes on the island. [37] Rough seas killed a person and left four others injured in Pearl Harbor. [14] [38] In Oahu, damage was heaviest on the southwest side of the island. [32] The passage of the hurricane damaged at least 6,391 homes and 21 hotels; [39] 418 buildings, including 30 businesses, were destroyed on Oahu. [37] In Niihau, 20 homes were destroyed and 160 were damaged. [37]

Throughout the Hawaiian island group, 20 people were treated for injuries. [38] An estimated 500 people throughout Hawaii were left homeless due to the hurricane. [38] At the time, Hurricane Iwa was the costliest storm to hit the state, [33] with damage totaling $312 million (1982 USD, $810 million2019  USD). [40] Three days after Hurricane Iwa passed the state, Governor George Ariyoshi declared the islands of Kauai and Niihau as disaster areas [41] with President Ronald Reagan following suit on November 28, declaring Kauai, Niihau, and Oahu as disaster areas. [39] Furthermore, two people died in a traffic accident due to malfunctioning traffic lights. [42] Ten years following the storm, Hurricane Iniki struck the same area. [43]

Storm names

The following names were used for named storms that formed in the eastern Pacific in 1982. No Eastern Pacific names were retired, so it was used again in the 1988 season. This is the same list used in the 1978 season, except for Fabio, which replaced Fico. A storm was named Fabio for the first time in 1982. Names that were not assigned are marked in gray.

  • Aletta
  • Bud
  • Carlotta
  • Daniel
  • Emilia
  • Fabio
  • Gilma
  • Hector
  • Iva
  • John
  • Kristy
  • Lane
  • Miriam
  • Norman
  • Olivia
  • Paul
  • Rosa
  • Sergio
  • Tara
  • Vicente (unused)
  • Willa (unused)

Four names from the Central Pacific list were used – Akoni, Ema, Hana, and Iwa. This was the first usage for all of these names.

  • Akoni
  • Ema
  • Hana

With four names being used, this season held the record for most named storms forming in the Central Pacific, until it was surpassed by the 2015 season.

Retirement

One name was retired from the Central Pacific list after the 1982 season, Iwa. It was replaced with Io (which was later changed to Iona before its usage). Iwa is one of only four Central Pacific names to have been retired, the others being Iniki, Paka, and Ioke.

See also

Related Research Articles

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2001 Pacific hurricane season hurricane season in the Pacific Ocean

The 2001 Pacific hurricane season was a near average season. The most notable storm that year was Hurricane Juliette, which caused devastating floods in Baja, California, leading to 12 fatalities and $400 million worth of damage. Two other storms were notable in their own rights, Hurricane Adolph became the strongest May Hurricane until 2014 when both records set by Adolph and Juliette were broken by Hurricanes Amanda and Odile. Tropical Storm Barbara passed just north of Hawaii, bringing minimal impact. The season officially began on May 15, 2001 in the eastern Pacific, and on June 1, 2001 in the central Pacific, and lasted until November 30, 2001. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in this part of the Pacific Ocean. The first storm developed on May 25, while the last storm dissipated on November 3.

2000 Pacific hurricane season hurricane season in the Pacific Ocean

The 2000 Pacific hurricane season was an above-average Pacific hurricane season, although most of the storms were weak and short-lived. There were few notable storms this year. Tropical Storms Miriam, Norman, and Rosa all made landfall in Mexico with minimal impact. Hurricane Daniel briefly threatened the U.S. state of Hawaii while weakening. Hurricane Carlotta was the strongest storm of the year and the second-strongest June hurricane in recorded history. Carlotta killed 18 people when it sank a freighter. Overall, the season was significantly more active than the previous season, with 19 tropical storms. In addition, six hurricanes developed. Furthermore, there were total of two major hurricanes, Category 3 or greater on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale.

1995 Pacific hurricane season Summary of the relevant tropical storms

The 1995 Pacific hurricane season was the least active Pacific hurricane season since 1979. Of the eleven tropical cyclones that formed during the season, four affected land, with the most notable storm of the season being Hurricane Ismael, which killed at least 116 people in Mexico. The strongest hurricane in the season was Hurricane Juliette, which reached peak winds of 150 mph (240 km/h), but did not significantly affect land. Hurricane Adolph was an early-season Category 4 hurricane. Hurricane Henriette brushed the Baja California Peninsula in early September.

1993 Pacific hurricane season hurricane season in the Pacific Ocean

The 1993 Pacific hurricane season was a slightly above-average Pacific hurricane season with seven named storms directly impacting land. The season officially started on May 15 in the eastern Pacific, and on June 1 in the central Pacific, and ended on November 30; these dates conventionally delimit the period during which most tropical cyclones form in the northeastern Pacific Ocean. The first tropical cyclone developed on June 11, over a month after the traditional start of the season. The final named storm of the season, Tropical Storm Norma, dissipated on October 14. The Central Pacific Ocean saw very little tropical activity, with only one cyclone, Hurricane Keoni, developing in that particular region. However, many storms out of the season crossed the threshold into the Central Pacific, many as hurricanes, and even major hurricanes.

1992 Pacific hurricane season hurricane season in the Pacific Ocean

The 1992 Pacific hurricane season was the most active Pacific hurricane season on record, featuring 27 named storms, and the second-costliest Pacific hurricane season in history, behind only the 2013 season. The season also produced the second-highest ACE value on record in the basin, surpassed by the 2018 season. The season officially started on May 15 in the eastern Pacific, and on June 1 in the central Pacific, and lasted until November 30. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northeastern Pacific Ocean. However, these bounds were easily exceeded when Hurricane Ekeka formed on January 28 and again a couple months later with Tropical Storm Hali.

1990 Pacific hurricane season hurricane season in the Pacific Ocean

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1988 Pacific hurricane season hurricane season in the Pacific Ocean

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1987 Pacific hurricane season hurricane season in the Pacific Ocean

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1986 Pacific hurricane season hurricane season in the Pacific Ocean

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1985 Pacific hurricane season hurricane season in the Pacific Ocean

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1984 Pacific hurricane season hurricane season in the Pacific Ocean

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1983 Pacific hurricane season hurricane season in the Pacific Ocean

The 1983 Pacific hurricane season was the longest season ever recorded at that time, which was later surpassed by the 2015 and 2016 seasons. The 1983 Pacific hurricane season started on May 15, 1983 in the eastern Pacific, and on June 1, 1983 in the central Pacific, and lasted until November 30, 1983. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northeastern Pacific Ocean. During the 1983 season, there were 21 named storms, which was slightly less than the previous season. Furthermore, eight storms reached major hurricane status, or Category 3 or higher on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale (SSHWS). The decaying 1982–83 El Niño event likely contributed to this level of activity. That same El Niño influenced a very quiet Atlantic hurricane season.

1981 Pacific hurricane season hurricane season in the Pacific Ocean

The 1981 Pacific hurricane season was a slightly below average Pacific hurricane season. The season officially started on May 15 in the eastern Pacific basin and June 1 in the central Pacific basin. Both basins' seasons ended on November 30; these dates conventionally delimit the period during which most tropical cyclones form in the northeastern Pacific Ocean. The first tropical cyclone of the season was designated on May 30, and the final storm of the season, Hurricane Otis, dissipated on October 30. The season produced fifteen named storms and a total of eight hurricanes, which was near normal. However, the total of one major hurricane was below the average of three.

1980 Pacific hurricane season hurricane season in the Pacific Ocean

The 1980 Pacific hurricane season officially started May 15, 1980, in the eastern Pacific and June 1, 1980, in the central Pacific, lasting until November 30, 1980. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northeastern and central Pacific Ocean. This season was relatively uneventful; since no tropical cyclones made landfall, there were no reports of casualties or damage.

1974 Pacific hurricane season hurricane season in the Pacific Ocean

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2006 Pacific hurricane season Summary of the relevant tropical storms

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Hurricane Uleki Category 3 Pacific hurricane in 1988

Hurricane Uleki, also referred as Typhoon Uleki, was a long-lived tropical cyclone in August–September 1988 that had minimal effects on land. Originating from a disturbance in the Intertropical Convergence Zone in late-August, Uleki was identified as a tropical depression well to the southeast of Hawaii on August 28. Steady organization ensued as it moved west, becoming a tropical storm on August 30 and a hurricane on August 31. Rapid intensification took place thereafter and the storm reached its peak intensity on September 2 as a Category 3 on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale. Hurricane Hunters investigating the cyclone found peak winds of 125 mph (205 km/h) and a barometric pressure of 957 mbar. Thereafter, Uleki stalled for two days to the southwest of Hawaii, resulting in heavy surf across the state. The dangerous swells killed two people on Oahu.

Hurricane Gil (1983)

Hurricane Gil was the first of several tropical cyclones to affect Hawaii during the 1983 Pacific hurricane season. Gil originated from a tropical depression that developed near Clipperton Island on July 23. Steadily intensifying, it attained tropical storm status six hours later and was upgraded to a hurricane on July 26. After attaining peak intensity on July 27, Gil encountered cooler sea surface temperatures and began to weaken. Moving west-northwest, the weakening system also accelerated and on July 31, was downgraded to a tropical depression. However, Gil began to re-intensify on August 1, becoming a tropical storm again later that day. Initially expected to veer north of Hawaii, it continued west-northwest and began to approach the Hawaiian group on August 3. While passing through the island group, Gil reached its secondary peak intensity. Subsequently, Gil began to weaken once again as it threatened the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. After passing through the islands, Gil was downgraded to a tropical depression on August 5. Several hours later, the storm dissipated. The remnants of the storm moved into the West Pacific late on August 6 and were last noted the next morning while passing south of Midway Island.

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