|Event||1986 FIFA World Cup qualification – AFC First Round|
|Hong Kong qualifies for the final round of qualification.|
|Date||19 May 1985|
|Venue||Workers' Stadium, Beijing|
|Referee||Melvyn D'Souza (India)|
China v Hong Kong was a 1986 FIFA World Cup qualification match played on 19 May 1985, noteworthy in that the surprise result caused deep dissatisfaction and hooliganism among Mainland Chinese football fans, leading to the match being immortalized as the 19 May Incident or 5.19 incident (Chinese :五一九事件). Due to this controversy, the match rates as one of the most notable matches in the rivalry of the China national football team and the Hong Kong national football team.
The game resulted in a 2–1 win to Hong Kong, with goals from Cheung Chi Tak in the 19th minute and Ku Kam Fai in the 60th minute. Indian referee Melvyn D'Souza officiated the match, which was described by commentators at the time as being played in an unusually intense (for an Asian World Cup qualifier) manner. Disgruntled home fans rioted in Workers' Stadium after the match, and People's Armed Police were needed to restore order.
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China were the runners-up of the 1984 AFC Asian Cup and was by far the strongest team in its 1986 FIFA World Cup qualification AFC Zone B first round group. China and Hong Kong had already met earlier in the tournament, playing out a scoreless draw in Hong Kong. Heading into the final match, however, China was the leader of the group.
After 12 May 1985, the group 4A table was as follows:
If China at least draws with Hong Kong then China will qualify for next round.
If Hong Kong wins against China then Hong Kong will qualify for next round.
Under the glare of the floodlights at the Workers' Stadium in Beijing, the noise of 80,000 fans, the Chinese team began with a determination to achieve a needed win rather than a draw, to finally qualify with a dominant fashion. However, while China's Li Hui, Gu Guangming and Zuo Shusheng had yet to score a goal, the Chinese suffered a surprising blow in 19' when Wu Kwok Hung rolled the ball stealthily behind his back into the path of defender Cheung Chi Tak, who later scudded the ball bypass the Chinese goalkeeper Lu Jianren making it 1–0. Undeterred from the thunderous strike of Cheung, China increased pressure, they equalized in 31' with Li Hui scored due to Chan Wan Ngok's goalkeeping error. However, after the first half, the Chinese mistake once again appeared when Chinese players, being overconfidence, boasted attacking and ignored defending, allowing the Hong Kong side to playout a deadly response, which Ku Kam Fai restored parity for Hong Kong. Chinese team was enraged and scrambled for an equalizer, but it never came as Hong Kong left the stadium with a historic achievement.
|China PR||1–2||Hong Kong|
|Li Hui 31'|| Cheung Chi Tak 19'|
Ku Kam Fai 60'
|Qualified directly for the next round|
Hong Kong qualifies for the next round after the dramatic upset victory where they would fall to the Japan national football team 5 – 1 in a two legged home and away matchup.
|22 September 1985||Hong Kong||1–2||Japan||Hong Kong|
|Wang Chi-Keung 80'||Kimura 45'|
|Referee: Lee Kok Leong (Singapore)|
Japan advanced to the Zone B Final Round, 5–1 on aggregate score.
For China, the result represented another frustration in their quest to qualify for their first FIFA World Cup; They had lost to the New Zealand national football team by the same score in the deciding playoff match of the 1982 FIFA World Cup qualification. It would not be until the 2002 FIFA World Cup that China would finally qualify for their first FIFA World Cup.
This match also led to "the first football hooliganism ever in the People's Republic of China's history".Disgruntled home fans rioted in Workers Stadium after the match, and People's Armed Police were needed to restore order. 127 people were arrested in Beijing. Zeng Xuelin, manager of the Chinese national team, and Li Fenglou, chairman of the Chinese Football Association, both resigned after the incident.
The China PR national football team represents the People's Republic of China in international association football and is governed by the Chinese Football Association.
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