1989

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1989 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1989
MCMLXXXIX
Ab urbe condita 2742
Armenian calendar 1438
ԹՎ ՌՆԼԸ
Assyrian calendar 6739
Bahá'í calendar 145–146
Balinese saka calendar 1910–1911
Bengali calendar 1396
Berber calendar 2939
British Regnal year 37  Eliz. 2   38  Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2533
Burmese calendar 1351
Byzantine calendar 7497–7498
Chinese calendar 戊辰(Earth  Dragon)
4685 or 4625
     to 
己巳年 (Earth  Snake)
4686 or 4626
Coptic calendar 1705–1706
Discordian calendar 3155
Ethiopian calendar 1981–1982
Hebrew calendar 5749–5750
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2045–2046
 - Shaka Samvat 1910–1911
 - Kali Yuga 5089–5090
Holocene calendar 11989
Igbo calendar 989–990
Iranian calendar 1367–1368
Islamic calendar 1409–1410
Japanese calendar Shōwa 64 / Heisei 1
(平成元年)
Javanese calendar 1921–1922
Juche calendar 78
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4322
Minguo calendar ROC 78
民國78年
Nanakshahi calendar 521
Thai solar calendar 2532
Tibetan calendar 阳土龙年
(male Earth-Dragon)
2115 or 1734 or 962
     to 
阴土蛇年
(female Earth-Snake)
2116 or 1735 or 963
Unix time 599616000 – 631151999

1989 ( MCMLXXXIX ) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar , the 1989th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 989th year of the 2nd millennium , the 89th year of the 20th century , and the 10th and last year of the 1980s decade.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeral system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year that begins on Sunday, 1 January, and ends on Sunday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is A. The most recent year of such kind was 2017 and the next one will be 2023 in the Gregorian calendar, or, likewise, 2018 and 2029 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year contains two Friday the 13ths in January and October.

Contents

1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union. These are collectively known as the Revolutions of 1989.

Eastern Bloc 20th-century group of socialist states of Central and Eastern Europe

The Eastern Bloc was the group of communist states of Central and Eastern Europe, East Asia, and Southeast Asia under the hegemony of the Soviet Union (USSR) during the Cold War (1947–1991) in opposition to the capitalist Western Bloc. Generally, in Western Europe the term Eastern Bloc referred to the USSR and its East European satellite states in the Comecon ; in Asia, the Soviet Bloc comprised the Mongolian People's Republic, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the Lao People's Democratic Republic and the People's Republic of Kampuchea, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, and the People's Republic of China. In the Americas, the Communist Bloc included the Caribbean Republic of Cuba, since 1961.

Velvet Revolution democratization process in Czechoslovakia in 1989

The Velvet Revolution or Gentle Revolution was a non-violent transition of power in what was then Czechoslovakia, occurring from 17 November to 29 December 1989. Popular demonstrations against the one-party government of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia included students and older dissidents. The result was the end of 41 years of one-party rule in Czechoslovakia, and the subsequent dismantling of the command economy and conversion to a parliamentary republic.

Dissolution of the Soviet Union Process leading to the late-1991 breakup of the USSR

The dissolution of the Soviet Union was the process of internal disintegration within the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) which began in second half of 1980s with a series of national unrests and ended on 26 December 1991, when the USSR itself was voted out of existence by the Supreme Soviet, following the Belavezha Accords. Declaration number 142-Н by the Supreme Soviet resulted in self-governing independence to the Republics of the USSR, formally dissolving the USSR. The declaration acknowledged the independence of the former Soviet republics and created the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), although five of the signatories ratified it much later or did not do so at all. On the previous day, 25 December, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, the eighth and final leader of the USSR, resigned, declared his office extinct and handed over its powers—including control of the Soviet nuclear missile launching codes—to Russian President Boris Yeltsin. That evening at 7:32 p.m., the Soviet flag was lowered from the Kremlin for the last time and replaced with the pre-revolutionary Russian flag.

It was the year of the first Brazilian presidential elections in 29 years, since the end of the military government in 1985 which ruled the country for more than twenty years, and marked the redemocratization process's final point.

1989 Brazilian presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Brazil in 1989. They were the first direct presidential elections since 1960, the first to be held using the two-round system and the first to take place under the 1988 constitution.

Military dictatorship in Brazil 1964-1985 military regime in Brazil

The Brazilian military government, also known in Brazil as the Fifth Brazilian Republic, was the authoritarian military dictatorship that ruled Brazil from April 1, 1964 to March 15, 1985. It began with the 1964 coup d'état led by the Armed Forces against the administration of President João Goulart—who, having been vice-president, had assumed the office of president upon the resignation of the democratically elected president Jânio Quadros—and ended when José Sarney took office on March 15, 1985 as President. The military revolt was fomented by Magalhães Pinto, Adhemar de Barros, and Carlos Lacerda, then governors of the states of Minas Gerais, São Paulo, and Guanabara, respectively. It was planned and executed by the most forefront commanders of the Brazilian Army and received the support of almost all high ranking members of the military, along with conservative elements in society, like the Catholic Church and anti-communists civil movements among the Brazilian middle and upper classes. Internationally, it was supported by the State Department of the United States through its embassy in Brasilia.

1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1985th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 985th year of the 2nd millennium, the 85th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1980s decade. The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.

F. W. de Klerk was elected as State President of South Africa, and his regime gradually dismantled the apartheid system over the next five years, culminating with the 1994 election that brought jailed African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela to power.

F. W. de Klerk South African politician

Frederik Willem de Klerk is a South African politician who served as State President of South Africa from 1989 to 1994 and as Deputy President from 1994 to 1996. As South Africa's last head of state from the era of white-minority rule, he and his government dismantled the apartheid system and introduced universal suffrage. Ideologically a conservative and an economic liberal, he led the National Party from 1989 to 1997.

State President of South Africa title of the head of state of South Africa from 1961 to 1994

The State President of the Republic of South Africa was the head of state of South Africa from 1961 to 1994. The office was established when the country became a republic in 1961, and Queen Elizabeth II ceased to be monarch of South Africa. The position of Governor-General of South Africa was accordingly abolished. From 1961 to 1984, the post was largely ceremonial. After constitutional reforms enacted in 1983 and taking effect in 1984, the State President became an executive post, and its holder was both head of state and head of government.

Apartheid System of institutionalised racial segregation that existed in South Africa and South West Africa (Namibia) from 1948 until the early 1990s

Apartheid was a system of institutionalised racial segregation that existed in South Africa and South West Africa (Namibia) from 1948 until the early 1990s. Apartheid was characterised by an authoritarian political culture based on baasskap, which encouraged state repression of Black African, Coloured, and Asian South Africans for the benefit of the nation's minority white population. The economic legacy and social effects of apartheid continue to the present day.

The first commercial Internet service providers surfaced in this year, [1] [2] as well as the first written proposal for the World Wide Web and New Zealand, Japan and Australia's first Internet connections. The first babies born after preimplantation genetic diagnosis were conceived in late 1989, starting the era of designer babies. [3]

Internet service provider organization that provides access to the Internet

An Internet service provider (ISP) is an organization that provides services for accessing, using, or participating in the Internet. Internet service providers may be organized in various forms, such as commercial, community-owned, non-profit, or otherwise privately owned.

World Wide Web System of interlinked hypertext documents accessed over the Internet

The World Wide Web (WWW), commonly known as the Web, is an information system where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators, which may be interlinked by hypertext, and are accessible over the Internet. The resources of the WWW may be accessed by users by a software application called a web browser.

Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis is the genetic profiling of embryos prior to implantation, and sometimes even of oocytes prior to fertilization. PGD is considered in a similar fashion to prenatal diagnosis. When used to screen for a specific genetic disease, its main advantage is that it avoids selective abortion, as the method makes it highly likely that the baby will be free of the disease under consideration. PGD thus is an adjunct to assisted reproductive technology, and requires in vitro fertilization (IVF) to obtain oocytes or embryos for evaluation. Embryos are generally obtained through blastomere or blastocyst biopsy. The latter technique has proved to be less deleterious for the embryo, therefore it is advisable to perform the biopsy around day 5 or 6 of development.

1989 marked the beginning of the Heisei period in Japan, which lasted until 2019. It is also the latest year, when written in Roman numerals, to have an L.

Heisei An era of Japanese history, starting 8 January 1989 and ending 30 April 2019

The Heisei era refers to the period of Japanese history corresponding to the reign of Emperor Akihito from 8 January 1989 until his abdication on 30 April 2019. The Heisei era started on 8 January 1989, the day after the death of the Emperor Hirohito, when his son, Akihito, acceded to the throne as the 125th Emperor. In accordance with Japanese customs, Hirohito was posthumously renamed "Emperor Shōwa" on 31 January 1989. Heisei translates as "peace everywhere".

2019 (MMXIX) is the current year, and is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.

Events

January

January 20: George H. W. Bush, 41st President of the United States George H. W. Bush, President of the United States, 1989 official portrait (cropped).jpg
January 20: George H. W. Bush, 41st President of the United States

February

March

Mass demonstration at the Hungarian state television headquarters Nemzeti Unnep - Szabadsag ter 1989.03.15 (4).jpg
Mass demonstration at the Hungarian state television headquarters
The Exxon Valdez Exval.jpeg
The Exxon Valdez

April

Polish Round Table Agreement Okragly Stol Palac Prezydencki 2019.jpg
Polish Round Table Agreement

May

June

Goddess of Democracy erected as part of 1989 Tiananmen Square protests Goddess of Democracy in Tiananmen Square.jpg
Goddess of Democracy erected as part of 1989 Tiananmen Square protests

July

August

Voyager 2 at Neptune Neptune.jpg
Voyager 2 at Neptune

September

October

The Phillips Disaster Apdx F2 - Aerial photo after explosion.jpg
The Phillips Disaster

November

Germans standing on top of the Berlin Wall West and East Germans at the Brandenburg Gate in 1989.jpg
Germans standing on top of the Berlin Wall
A peaceful demonstration in Prague during the Velvet Revolution Havla 1989.jpg
A peaceful demonstration in Prague during the Velvet Revolution

December

Flames engulf a building following the United States invasion of Panama Panama clashes 1989.JPEG
Flames engulf a building following the United States invasion of Panama

Date unknown

Births

January

Kohei Uchimura Kohei Uchimura (2011).jpg
Kōhei Uchimura
James Durbin 140322-F-VU439-149 James Durbin at Transit Center at Manas 2014.jpg
James Durbin
Nina Dobrev Nina Dobrev during an interview in August 2018 02.png
Nina Dobrev
Emily Meade Emily Meade filming Twelve in Central Park, 21-04-09.jpg
Emily Meade
Beau Mirchoff Beau Mirchoff.jpg
Beau Mirchoff
Kim Bui Kim Bui 073.jpg
Kim Bui
Hannah Arterton Hannah Arterton Oliviers Red Carpet 2018.jpg
Hannah Arterton

February

Jeremy Sumpter Jeremy Sumpter 2014 (cropped).jpg
Jeremy Sumpter
Jesse Rath Jesse Rath -Defiance Panel (cropped).jpg
Jesse Rath
Carly McKillip One More Girl 1.JPG
Carly McKillip
Elizabeth Olsen Elizabeth Olsen by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Elizabeth Olsen
Corbin Bleu Corbin Bleu (Headshot).jpg
Corbin Bleu
Jung Joon-Young 160312 Jung Joon-young cropepd.jpg
Jung Joon-Young
Trace Cyrus Trace Cyrus Metro Station 2.jpg
Trace Cyrus

March

Daniella Monet Daniella Monet in 2019.png
Daniella Monet
Erin Heatherton Erin Heatherton crop.jpg
Erin Heatherton
Jake Lloyd Jake Lloyd.jpg
Jake Lloyd
Anton Yelchin Anton Yelchin Deauville 2011.jpg
Anton Yelchin
Tyler Clary London 2012 200m backstroke IMG 5105 (7737962738) (Clary).jpg
Tyler Clary
Pierre Niney Pierre Niney avp 2016 Frantz.jpg
Pierre Niney
Lily Collins Lily Collins 2 May 2019.jpg
Lily Collins
Aly Michalka Aly Michalka May 2017.jpg
Aly Michalka

April

Lily James Lilly James (35744205321) (colour edited).jpg
Lily James
Aysel Teymurzadeh AySel.jpg
Aysel Teymurzadeh
Luke Bracey Luke Bracey.jpg
Luke Bracey

May

Katinka Hosszu Kazan 2015 - Hosszu Katinka 200m backstroke.JPG
Katinka Hosszú
Daniel Gyurta DanielGyurta-0017.jpg
Dániel Gyurta
Rory McIlroy Rory McIlroy watches drive flight (portrait orientation).jpg
Rory McIlroy
Nyle DiMarco Nyle DiMarco Citation Presentation (29540852135) (cropped).jpg
Nyle DiMarco
Shane van Gisbergen Shane van Gisbergen 2016 Rennsport Sydney.jpg
Shane van Gisbergen
Prince Royce Prince Royce 2012.jpg
Prince Royce
Alexandra Park Alexandra Park at 2015 TCA (cropped).jpg
Alexandra Park
Gaelan Connell Gaelan Connell 2012.jpg
Gaelan Connell
Alexey Negodaylo Aleksey Negodaylo 24 February 2014.jpg
Alexey Negodaylo

June

Steve Smith Steve Smith (cricketer), 2014 (cropped).jpg
Steve Smith
Imogen Poots Imogen Poots.jpg
Imogen Poots
Lisa Tucker Princessp crop.jpg
Lisa Tucker
Lucy Hale Lucy Hale at Paley Fest2014 (cropped).jpg
Lucy Hale
Renee Olstead Renee Olstead April 2015.jpg
Renee Olstead
Christopher Mintz-Plasse Christopher Mintz-Plasse by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Christopher Mintz-Plasse
Matthew Lewis Matthew Lewis by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Matthew Lewis

July

David Henrie David Henrie 2010 alt.jpg
David Henrie
Phoebe Tonkin Phoebe Tonkin at PaleyFest 2014.jpg
Phoebe Tonkin
Gareth Bale AUT vs. WAL 2016-10-06 (155).jpg
Gareth Bale
Rory Culkin RoryCulkin08TIFF.jpg
Rory Culkin
Daniel Radcliffe Daniel Radcliffe in July 2015.jpg
Daniel Radcliffe
Zelda Williams Zelda Williams.jpg
Zelda Williams

August

Jessica Mauboy Jessica Mauboy November 2014.jpg
Jessica Mauboy
Brenton Thwaites Brenton Thwaites.jpg
Brenton Thwaites
Joe Jonas Joe Jonas 2012 (Straighten Crop).jpg
Joe Jonas
Carlos PenaVega Carlos Pena Jr BTR Paparazzo.jpg
Carlos PenaVega
Anna Akana Anna Akana at 2018 Vidcon EU.png
Anna Akana
Hayden Panettiere Hayden Panettiere 2009 (Straighten Crop).jpg
Hayden Panettiere
Bebe Rexha Bebe Rexha 2019 by Glenn Francis.jpg
Bebe Rexha

September

Avicii Avicii 2014 003cr.jpg
Avicii
Logan Henderson Logan Henderson BTR Paparazzo.jpg
Logan Henderson
Steliana Nistor Stela nistor.jpg
Steliana Nistor
Jason Derulo Jason Derulo live @ MTV EMA 2018.png
Jason Derulo
Emma Watkins Emma Watkins in Toronto - 2018 (44167590694) (cropped).jpg
Emma Watkins
Pia Wurtzbach Miss Universe 2015 Pia Wurtzbach waves to the Malacanang Press (cropped).jpg
Pia Wurtzbach

October

Brie Larson Captain Marvel trailer at the National Air and Space Museum 4 (cropped).jpg
Brie Larson
Dakota Johnson Dakota Johnson Collider.png
Dakota Johnson
Kimmie Meissner Kimmie Meissner Podium 2007 Skate America.jpg
Kimmie Meissner
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez Official Portrait.jpg
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez
Mia Wasikowska Mia Wasikowska at the 2018 Berlin Film Festival.jpg
Mia Wasikowska

November

Aaron Hernandez Aaron Hernandez.JPG
Aaron Hernandez
Taron Egerton Taron Egerton by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Taron Egerton
Adam Rippon Adam Rippon @ 2018.09.15 Human Rights Campaign National Dinner, Washington, DC USA 06186 (42904075620) (cropped).jpg
Adam Rippon
Cody Linley Cody Linley.jpg
Cody Linley
Alden Ehrenreich Solo A Star Wars Story Japan Premiere Red Carpet Alden Ehrenreich (41008143870).jpg
Alden Ehrenreich
Candice Glover Life Ball 2014 red carpet 092 Candice Glover.jpg
Candice Glover

December

Nicholas Hoult Nicholas Hoult (46797398134) (cropped).jpg
Nicholas Hoult
Taylor Swift Taylor Swift 2 - 2019 by Glenn Francis (cropped).jpg
Taylor Swift
Onew 180629 SHINee seutapildeu goyang paenssainhoe 2 (cropped).jpg
Onew
Ashley Benson Ashley Benson 2012.jpg
Ashley Benson
Jane Levy Jane Levy (2013).jpg
Jane Levy

Deaths

Deaths
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

Emperor Hirohito Keizer Hirohito 1971.jpg
Emperor Hirohito
Jose Bustamante y Rivero Jose Luis Bustamante y Rivero (1968).jpg
José Bustamante y Rivero
Jozef Cyrankiewicz Cyrankiewicz.jpg
Józef Cyrankiewicz
Muharrem Bajraktari Muharrem Bajraktari, 15 May 1896 -- 21 January 1989.jpg
Muharrem Bajraktari
Salvador Dali Salvador Dali 1939.jpg
Salvador Dalí
Ted Bundy Bundy FLA 8179.jpeg
Ted Bundy

February

Ondrej Nepela Bundesarchiv Bild 183-L1129-0018, Ondrej Nepela.jpg
Ondrej Nepela
Osamu Tezuka Osamu Tezuka 1951 Scan10008-2.JPG
Osamu Tezuka
Shakhbut bin Sultan Al Nahyan lshykh slTn bn zyd 19-1-1961.jpg
Shakhbut bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Roy Eldridge Roy Eldridge, Spotlite (Club), New York, ca. Nov. 1946 (William P. Gottlieb 02271).jpg
Roy Eldridge

March

Salvatore Dell'Isola Salvatore Dellisola.jpg
Salvatore Dell'Isola
Maurice Evans Maurice evans 1956.JPG
Maurice Evans
Sa`id Al-Mufti Said-al-mufti.jpg
Sa`id Al-Mufti

April

Sugar Ray Robinson Sugar Ray Robinson 1947.jpg
Sugar Ray Robinson
Emilio Segre Segre.jpg
Emilio Segrè
Hamani Diori Hamani Diori 1968b.jpg
Hamani Diori
Lucille Ball LDBALL1950s.jpg
Lucille Ball
Sergio Leone Sergio Leone.jpg
Sergio Leone

May

Edward Ochab Edward Ochab 2.jpg
Edward Ochab
Zdenek Frolik Zdenek Frolik.png
Zdeněk Frolík
Keith Whitley KeithWhitley.jpg
Keith Whitley
Xiao Wangdong Xiao Wangdong.jpg
Xiao Wangdong

June

Ruhollah Khomeini Portrait of Ruhollah Khomeini.jpg
Ruhollah Khomeini
Victor French Victor French.JPG
Victor French
Prince Vasili Alexandrovich of Russia Prince Vasily of Russia.JPG
Prince Vasili Alexandrovich of Russia
Hilmar Baunsgaard Hilmar Baunsgaard.PNG
Hilmar Baunsgaard

July

Win Maung Mahn Win Maung.jpg
Win Maung
Janos Kadar Janos Kadar (fototeca.iiccr.ro).jpg
János Kádár
Mel Blanc Mel Blanc - 1959.jpg
Mel Blanc
Herbert von Karajan Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S47421, Herbert von Karajan.jpg
Herbert von Karajan
Kazimierz Sabbat Sabbat.jpg
Kazimierz Sabbat

August

George Andreasen Gandreasen.jpg
George Andreasen
William Shockley William Shockley, Stanford University.jpg
William Shockley
Pua Kealoha Pua Kealoha passport 1920.jpg
Pua Kealoha

September

Irving Berlin BerlinPortrait1.jpg
Irving Berlin
Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Marcos.JPEG
Ferdinand Marcos

October

Paola Barbara Paola Barbara 1939.jpg
Paola Barbara
Bette Davis Bette Davis - Photoplay, June 1938.jpg
Bette Davis
Anthony Quayle Anthony Quayle-publicity.jpg
Anthony Quayle

November

Franz Joseph II Furst Franz Josef II..jpg
Franz Joseph II
Rene Moawad Rene Moawad.jpg
René Moawad
Carlos Arias Navarro Carlos Arias Navarro 1975.jpg
Carlos Arias Navarro
Ahmadou Ahidjo Ahmadou Ahidjo.jpg
Ahmadou Ahidjo

December

Andrei Sakharov RIAN archive 25981 Academician Sakharov.jpg
Andrei Sakharov
Jose Gonzalo Rodriguez Gacha Rodriguezgacha.png
José Gonzalo Rodríguez Gacha
Samuel Beckett Samuel Beckett, Pic, 1.jpg
Samuel Beckett
Nicolae Ceausescu Nicolae Ceausescu.jpg
Nicolae Ceaușescu
Billy Martin Billy Martin - New York Yankees - 1957.jpg
Billy Martin
Hermann Oberth Hermann Oberth 1950s.jpg
Hermann Oberth

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

2000 (MM) was a century leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2000th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 1000th and last year of the 2nd millennium, the 100th and last year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 2000s decade.

1952 Year

1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1952nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 952nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1950s decade.

1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1951st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 951st year of the 2nd millennium, the 51st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1950s decade.

1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1949th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 949th year of the 2nd millennium, the 49th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1940s decade.

1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1931st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 931st year of the 2nd millennium, the 31st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1930s decade.

1939 Year

1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1939th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 939th year of the 2nd millennium, the 39th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1930s decade. This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.

1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1946th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 946th year of the 2nd millennium, the 46th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1940s decade.

1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1990th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 990th year of the 2nd millennium, the 90th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1990s decade.

1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1980th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 980th year of the 2nd millennium, the 80th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1980s decade.

1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1988th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 988th year of the 2nd millennium, the 88th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1980s decade.

1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1956th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 956th year of the 2nd millennium, the 56th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1950s decade.

1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1966th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 966th year of the 2nd millennium, the 66th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1960s decade.

1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1991st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 991st year of the 2nd millennium, the 91st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1990s decade.

1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1921st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 921st year of the 2nd millennium, the 21st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1921, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1983rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 983rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 83rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1980s decade.

1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1987th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 987th year of the 2nd millennium, the 87th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1980s decade.

1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1986th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 986th year of the 2nd millennium, the 86th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1980s decade. The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.

1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1981st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 981st year of the 2nd millennium, the 81st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1980s decade.

1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1953rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 953rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 53rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1950s decade.

1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1954th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 954th year of the 2nd millennium, the 54th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1950s decade.

References

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Further reading