1989

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1989 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1989
MCMLXXXIX
Ab urbe condita 2742
Armenian calendar 1438
ԹՎ ՌՆԼԸ
Assyrian calendar 6739
Bahá'í calendar 145–146
Balinese saka calendar 1910–1911
Bengali calendar 1396
Berber calendar 2939
British Regnal year 37  Eliz. 2   38  Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2533
Burmese calendar 1351
Byzantine calendar 7497–7498
Chinese calendar 戊辰(Earth  Dragon)
4685 or 4625
     to 
己巳年 (Earth  Snake)
4686 or 4626
Coptic calendar 1705–1706
Discordian calendar 3155
Ethiopian calendar 1981–1982
Hebrew calendar 5749–5750
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2045–2046
 - Shaka Samvat 1910–1911
 - Kali Yuga 5089–5090
Holocene calendar 11989
Igbo calendar 989–990
Iranian calendar 1367–1368
Islamic calendar 1409–1410
Japanese calendar Shōwa 64 / Heisei 1
(平成元年)
Javanese calendar 1921–1922
Juche calendar 78
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4322
Minguo calendar ROC 78
民國78年
Nanakshahi calendar 521
Thai solar calendar 2532
Tibetan calendar 阳土龙年
(male Earth-Dragon)
2115 or 1734 or 962
     to 
阴土蛇年
(female Earth-Snake)
2116 or 1735 or 963
Unix time 599616000 – 631151999

1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1989th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 989th year of the 2nd millennium, the 89th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1980s decade.

Contents

1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union. These are collectively known as the Revolutions of 1989. While revolutions against communist governments in Eastern Europe mainly succeeded, the year also saw the suppression by the Chinese government of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests in Beijing.

It was the year of the first Brazilian presidential election in 29 years, since the end of the military government in 1985 that ruled the country for more than twenty years, and marked the redemocratization process's final point.

F. W. de Klerk was elected as State President of South Africa, and his regime gradually dismantled the apartheid system over the next five years, culminating with the 1994 election that brought jailed African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela to power.

The first commercial Internet service providers surfaced in this year, [1] [2] as well as the first written proposal for the World Wide Web and New Zealand, Japan and Australia's first Internet connections. The first babies born after preimplantation genetic diagnosis were conceived in late 1989. [3]

Events

January

February

Soviet unit pictured prior to their withdrawal from Afghanistan RIAN archive 827820 Soviet unit pictured prior to their withdrawal from Afghanistan.jpg
Soviet unit pictured prior to their withdrawal from Afghanistan

March

Mass demonstration at the Hungarian state television headquarters Nemzeti Unnep - Szabadsag ter 1989.03.15 (4).jpg
Mass demonstration at the Hungarian state television headquarters
The Exxon Valdez Exval.jpeg
The Exxon Valdez

April

Polish Round Table Agreement Okragly Stol Palac Prezydencki 2019.jpg
Polish Round Table Agreement

May

June

July

August

Voyager 2 at Neptune Neptune.jpg
Voyager 2 at Neptune
Baltic Way in Estonia Balti kett 12.jpg
Baltic Way in Estonia

September

October

The Phillips disaster Apdx F2 - Aerial photo after explosion.jpg
The Phillips disaster

November

Germans standing on top of the Berlin Wall West and East Germans at the Brandenburg Gate in 1989.jpg
Germans standing on top of the Berlin Wall
A peaceful demonstration in Prague during the Velvet Revolution Havla 1989.jpg
A peaceful demonstration in Prague during the Velvet Revolution

December

Flames engulf a building following the United States invasion of Panama Panama clashes 1989.JPEG
Flames engulf a building following the United States invasion of Panama

Date unknown

Births

Births
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

Adele Haenel Adele Haenel Cannes 2017.jpg
Adèle Haenel
Kohei Uchimura Kohei Uchimura (2011).jpg
Kōhei Uchimura
Nina Dobrev Nina Dobrev during an interview in August 2018 02.png
Nina Dobrev
Emily Meade Emily Meade filming Twelve in Central Park, 21-04-09, crop.jpg
Emily Meade
Nicole Ross Nicole Ross 2014 Saint-Maur WC teams t105054.jpg
Nicole Ross
Kim Bui Kim Bui 073.jpg
Kim Bui

February

Jeremy Sumpter Jeremy Sumpter 2014 (cropped).jpg
Jeremy Sumpter
Elizabeth Olsen Elizabeth Olsen by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Elizabeth Olsen
Corbin Bleu Corbin Bleu (Headshot).jpg
Corbin Bleu
Jung Joon-Young 160312 Jung Joon-young cropepd.jpg
Jung Joon-Young

March

Daniella Monet Daniella Monet 2019 ( UjqqO8-cdw).jpg
Daniella Monet
Anton Yelchin Anton Yelchin Deauville 2011.jpg
Anton Yelchin
Tyler Clary London 2012 200m backstroke IMG 5105 (7737962738) (Clary).jpg
Tyler Clary
Pierre Niney Pierre Niney avp 2016 Frantz.jpg
Pierre Niney
Lily Collins Lily Collins 2 May 2019.jpg
Lily Collins
Aly Michalka Aly Michalka May 2017.jpg
Aly Michalka

April

Lily James Lilly James (35036323024).jpg
Lily James
Aysel Teymurzadeh AySel.jpg
Aysel Teymurzadeh
Luke Bracey Luke Bracey.jpg
Luke Bracey

May

Katinka Hosszu Kazan 2015 - Hosszu Katinka 200m backstroke.JPG
Katinka Hosszú
Daniel Gyurta 2018-10-18 Karate Boys' +68 kg at 2018 Summer Youth Olympics - Victory ceremony (Martin Rulsch) 02.jpg
Dániel Gyurta
Rory McIlroy Rory McIlroy watches drive flight (portrait orientation).jpg
Rory McIlroy
Shane van Gisbergen Shane van Gisbergen 2020 Supercars launch.jpg
Shane van Gisbergen
Prince Royce Prince Royce 2012.jpg
Prince Royce
Alexey Negodaylo Aleksey Negodaylo 24 February 2014.jpg
Alexey Negodaylo

June

Steve Smith Steve Smith (cricketer), 2014 (cropped).jpg
Steve Smith
Lucy Hale Lucy Hale 2012.jpg
Lucy Hale
Renee Olstead Renee Olstead April 2015.jpg
Renee Olstead

July

Alex Morgan Alex Morgan May19.jpg
Alex Morgan
David Henrie David Henrie 2010 alt.jpg
David Henrie
Phoebe Tonkin Phoebe Tonkin at PaleyFest 2014.jpg
Phoebe Tonkin
Gareth Bale AUT vs. WAL 2016-10-06 (155).jpg
Gareth Bale
Rory Culkin RoryCulkin08TIFF.jpg
Rory Culkin
Daniel Radcliffe Daniel Radcliffe in July 2015.jpg
Daniel Radcliffe
Zelda Williams Zelda Williams.jpg
Zelda Williams

August

Joe Jonas Joe Jonas 2012 (Straighten Crop).jpg
Joe Jonas
Carlos PenaVega Carlos Pena Jr BTR Paparazzo.jpg
Carlos PenaVega
Hayden Panettiere Hayden Panettiere in 2011 04 (cropped).jpg
Hayden Panettiere
James Harden James Harden (30735342912).jpg
James Harden
Bebe Rexha Bebe Rexha 2019 -3 by Glenn Francis.jpg
Bebe Rexha

September

Steliana Nistor Stela nistor.jpg
Steliana Nistor
Jason Derulo Jason Derulo live @ MTV EMA 2018.png
Jason Derulo
Pia Wurtzbach Miss Universe 2015 Pia Wurtzbach 071816 (cropped).jpg
Pia Wurtzbach

October

Brie Larson Captain Marvel trailer at the National Air and Space Museum 4 (cropped).jpg
Brie Larson
Dakota Johnson Dakota Johnson Venice 2018 (cropped).jpg
Dakota Johnson
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez Official Portrait (cropped 2).jpg
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez
PewDiePie PewDiePie at PAX 2015 crop.jpg
PewDiePie

November

Taron Egerton Taron Egerton by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Taron Egerton

December

Nicholas Hoult Nicholas Hoult (46797398134) (cropped).jpg
Nicholas Hoult
Marion Marechal Marion Marechal(25614980787) (cropped).jpg
Marion Maréchal
Taylor Swift 191125 Taylor Swift at the 2019 American Music Awards (cropped).png
Taylor Swift
Onew 180629 SHINee seutapildeu goyang paenssainhoe 2 (cropped).jpg
Onew
Ashley Benson Ashley Benson 2012.jpg
Ashley Benson
Jane Levy Jane Levy WonderCon 2013.jpg
Jane Levy

Deaths

Deaths
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

Emperor Hirohito Hirohito wartime(cropped).jpg
Emperor Hirohito
Salvador Dali Salvador Dali 1939.jpg
Salvador Dalí
Ted Bundy Ted Bundy headshot.jpg
Ted Bundy

February

John Cassavetes John Cassavetes Johnny Staccato 1959.jpg
John Cassavetes
Konrad Lorenz Konrad Lorenz.JPG
Konrad Lorenz

March

Maurice Evans Maurice evans 1956.JPG
Maurice Evans
Sa`id Al-Mufti Said-al-mufti.jpg
Sa`id Al-Mufti

April

Sugar Ray Robinson Sugar Ray Robinson 1947.jpg
Sugar Ray Robinson
Lucille Ball LDBALL1950s.jpg
Lucille Ball
Sergio Leone Sergio Leone.jpg
Sergio Leone

May

Edward Ochab Edward Ochab 2.jpg
Edward Ochab
Gilda Radner Gilda Radner - 1980.jpg
Gilda Radner

June

Ruhollah Khomeini Portrait of Ruhollah Khomeini.jpg
Ruhollah Khomeini
Victor French Victor French.JPG
Victor French
Hilmar Baunsgaard Hilmar Baunsgaard.PNG
Hilmar Baunsgaard

July

Andrei Gromyko Andrei Gromyko 1972.jpg
Andrei Gromyko
Laurence Olivier Lord Olivier 6 Allan Warren.jpg
Laurence Olivier

August

William Shockley William Shockley, Stanford University.jpg
William Shockley
Pua Kealoha Pua Kealoha passport 1920.jpg
Pua Kealoha

September

Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Marcos (cropped).JPEG
Ferdinand Marcos

October

Bette Davis Bette Davis 1933.jpg
Bette Davis
Anthony Quayle Anthony Quayle-publicity.jpg
Anthony Quayle

November

Franz Joseph II Furst Franz Josef II..jpg
Franz Joseph II
Ahmadou Ahidjo Ahmadou Ahidjo.jpg
Ahmadou Ahidjo

December

Andrei Sakharov RIAN archive 25981 Academician Sakharov.jpg
Andrei Sakharov
Samuel Beckett Samuel Beckett, Pic, 1 (cropped).jpg
Samuel Beckett
Nicolae Ceausescu Nicolae Ceausescu.jpg
Nicolae Ceaușescu
Billy Martin Billy Martin - New York Yankees - 1957.jpg
Billy Martin
Hermann Oberth Hermann Oberth 1950s.jpg
Hermann Oberth

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1999th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 999th year of the 2nd millennium, the 99th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1990s decade.

1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1984th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 984th year of the 2nd millennium, the 84th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1980s decade.

1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1993rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 993rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 93rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1990s decade.

1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1951st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 951st year of the 2nd millennium, the 51st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1950s decade.

1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1949th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 949th year of the 2nd millennium, the 49th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1940s decade.

1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1931st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 931st year of the 2nd millennium, the 31st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1930s decade.

1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1948th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 948th year of the 2nd millennium, the 48th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1940s decade.

1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1946th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 946th year of the 2nd millennium, the 46th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1940s decade.

1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1990th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 990th year of the 2nd millennium, the 90th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1990s decade.

1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1976th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 976th year of the 2nd millennium, the 76th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1970s decade.

1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1992nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 992nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 92nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1990s decade.

1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1956th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 956th year of the 2nd millennium, the 56th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1950s decade.

1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1966th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 966th year of the 2nd millennium, the 66th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1960s decade.

1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1991st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 991st year of the 2nd millennium, the 91st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1990s decade.

1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1970th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 970th year of the 2nd millennium, the 70th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1970s decade.

1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1978th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 978th year of the 2nd millennium, the 78th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1970s decade.

1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1987th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 987th year of the 2nd millennium, the 87th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1980s decade.

1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1953rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 953rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 53rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1950s decade.

1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1954th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 954th year of the 2nd millennium, the 54th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1950s decade.

1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1950th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 950th year of the 2nd millennium, the 50th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1950s decade.

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Further reading