1989

Last updated
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1989 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1989
MCMLXXXIX
Ab urbe condita 2742
Armenian calendar 1438
ԹՎ ՌՆԼԸ
Assyrian calendar 6739
Bahá'í calendar 145–146
Balinese saka calendar 1910–1911
Bengali calendar 1396
Berber calendar 2939
British Regnal year 37  Eliz. 2   38  Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2533
Burmese calendar 1351
Byzantine calendar 7497–7498
Chinese calendar 戊辰(Earth  Dragon)
4685 or 4625
     to 
己巳年 (Earth  Snake)
4686 or 4626
Coptic calendar 1705–1706
Discordian calendar 3155
Ethiopian calendar 1981–1982
Hebrew calendar 5749–5750
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2045–2046
 - Shaka Samvat 1910–1911
 - Kali Yuga 5089–5090
Holocene calendar 11989
Igbo calendar 989–990
Iranian calendar 1367–1368
Islamic calendar 1409–1410
Japanese calendar Shōwa 64 / Heisei 1
(平成元年)
Javanese calendar 1921–1922
Juche calendar 78
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4322
Minguo calendar ROC 78
民國78年
Nanakshahi calendar 521
Thai solar calendar 2532
Tibetan calendar 阳土龙年
(male Earth-Dragon)
2115 or 1734 or 962
     to 
阴土蛇年
(female Earth-Snake)
2116 or 1735 or 963
Unix time 599616000 – 631151999

1989 ( MCMLXXXIX ) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar , the 1989th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 989th year of the 2nd millennium , the 89th year of the 20th century , and the 10th and last year of the 1980s decade.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year that begins on Sunday, 1 January, and ends on Sunday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is A. The most recent year of such kind was 2017 and the next one will be 2023 in the Gregorian calendar, or, likewise, 2018 and 2029 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year contains two Friday the 13ths in January and October.

Contents

1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Collectively known as the Revolutions of 1989.

Eastern Bloc 20th-century group of socialist states of Central and Eastern Europe

The Eastern Bloc was the group of Communist states of Central and Eastern Europe, East Asia and Southeast Asia under the hegemony of the Soviet Union (USSR) during the Cold War (1947–1991) in opposition to the non-Communist Western Bloc. Generally, in Western Europe the term Eastern Bloc comprised the USSR and its East European satellite-states in the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (Comecon); in Asia, the Socialist bloc comprised the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the Lao People's Democratic Republic and the People's Republic of Kampuchea; the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and the People's Republic of China ; and in the Americas, the Communist Bloc included the Caribbean Republic of Cuba, since 1961.

Velvet Revolution democratization process in Czechoslovakia in 1989

The Velvet Revolution or Gentle Revolution was a non-violent transition of power in what was then Czechoslovakia, occurring from 17 November to 29 December 1989. Popular demonstrations against the one-party government of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia included students and older dissidents. The result was the end of 41 years of one-party rule in Czechoslovakia, and the subsequent dismantling of the planned economy and conversion to a parliamentary republic.

Dissolution of the Soviet Union Process leading to the late-1991 breakup of the USSR

The dissolution of the Soviet Union occurred on 26 December 1991, officially granting self-governing independence to the Republics of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). It was a result of the declaration number 142-Н of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. The declaration acknowledged the independence of the former Soviet republics and created the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), although five of the signatories ratified it much later or did not do so at all. On the previous day, 25 December, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, the eighth and final leader of the USSR, resigned, declared his office extinct and handed over its powers—including control of the Soviet nuclear missile launching codes—to Russian President Boris Yeltsin. That evening at 7:32 p.m., the Soviet flag was lowered from the Kremlin for the last time and replaced with the pre-revolutionary Russian flag.

It was the year of the first Brazilian presidential elections in 29 years, since the end of the military government in 1985 which commanded the country for more than twenty years, and marked the redemocratization process's final point.

1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1985th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 985th year of the 2nd millennium, the 85th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1980s decade. The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.

F. W. de Klerk was elected in South Africa, and his regime gradually dismantled the Apartheid system over the next five years, culminating with the 1994 election that brought jailed ANC leader Nelson Mandela to power.

F. W. de Klerk South African politician

Frederik Willem de Klerk is a South African politician who served as State President of South Africa from 1989 to 1994 and as Deputy President from 1994 to 1996. As South Africa's last head of state from the era of white-minority rule, he and his government dismantled the apartheid system and introduced universal suffrage. Ideologically a conservative and an economic liberal, he led the National Party from 1989 to 1997.

Apartheid system of racial segregation enforced through legislation in South Africa

Apartheid was a system of institutionalised racial segregation that existed in South Africa from 1948 until the early 1990s. Apartheid was characterised by an authoritarian political culture based on baasskap, which encouraged state repression of Black African, Coloured, and Asian South Africans for the benefit of the nation's minority white population. The economic legacy and social effects of apartheid continue to the present day.

Nelson Mandela President of South Africa, anti-apartheid activist

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the country's first black head of state and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election. His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid by tackling institutionalised racism and fostering racial reconciliation. Ideologically an African nationalist and socialist, he served as President of the African National Congress (ANC) party from 1991 to 1997.

In contrast, the year saw the violent suppression of mass political protest in China, in June. The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 ended with a military crackdown resulting in the deaths of a number of protesters.

The first commercial Internet service providers surfaced in this year, [1] [2] as well as the first written proposal for the World Wide Web and New Zealand, Japan and Australia's first Internet connections. The first babies born after preimplantation genetic diagnosis were conceived in late 1989, starting the era of designer babies. [3]

Internet service provider organization that provides access to the Internet

An Internet service provider (ISP) is an organization that provides services for accessing, using, or participating in the Internet. Internet service providers may be organized in various forms, such as commercial, community-owned, non-profit, or otherwise privately owned.

World Wide Web system of interlinked hypertext documents accessed via the Internet

The World Wide Web, commonly known as the WWW and the Web, is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet. English scientist Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web in 1989. He wrote the first web browser in 1990 while employed at CERN near Geneva, Switzerland. The browser was released outside CERN in 1991, first to other research institutions starting in January 1991 and to the general public on the Internet in August 1991.

Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis is the genetic profiling of embryos prior to implantation, and sometimes even of oocytes prior to fertilization. PGD is considered in a similar fashion to prenatal diagnosis. When used to screen for a specific genetic disease, its main advantage is that it avoids selective abortion, as the method makes it highly likely that the baby will be free of the disease under consideration. PGD thus is an adjunct to assisted reproductive technology, and requires in vitro fertilization (IVF) to obtain oocytes or embryos for evaluation. Embryos are generally obtained through blastomere or blastocyst biopsy. The latter technique has proved to be less deleterious for the embryo, therefore it is advisable to perform the biopsy around day 5 or 6 of development.

1989 marked the beginning of the current Heisei period in Japan. It is also the latest year, when written in Roman numerals, to have an L.

Events

January

January 20: George H. W. Bush, 41st President of the United States George H. W. Bush crop.jpg
January 20: George H. W. Bush, 41st President of the United States

February

March

Mass demonstration at State TV HQ Nemzeti Ünnep - Szabadság tér 1989.03.15 (4).jpg
Mass demonstration at State TV HQ
The Exxon Valdez Exval.jpeg
The Exxon Valdez

April

The death of Hu Yaobang sparks the beginning of the Tiananmen Square protests. Young Hu Yiaobang.jpg
The death of Hu Yaobang sparks the beginning of the Tiananmen Square protests.

May

June

People's Liberation Army were to drive away students in Tiananmen Square. 人民英雄纪念碑.jpg
People's Liberation Army were to drive away students in Tiananmen Square.

July

August

Voyager 2 at Neptune Neptune.jpg
Voyager 2 at Neptune

September

October

The Phillips Disaster Apdx F2 - Aerial photo after explosion.jpg
The Phillips Disaster

November

Germans standing on top of the Berlin Wall West and East Germans at the Brandenburg Gate in 1989.jpg
Germans standing on top of the Berlin Wall
A peaceful demonstration in Prague during the Velvet Revolution. Havla 1989.jpg
A peaceful demonstration in Prague during the Velvet Revolution.

December

Flames engulf a building following the United States invasion of Panama. Panama clashes 1989.JPEG
Flames engulf a building following the United States invasion of Panama.

Date unknown

Births

January

Kōhei Uchimura Kohei Uchimura (2011).jpg
Kōhei Uchimura
James Durbin 140322-F-VU439-149 James Durbin at Transit Center at Manas 2014.jpg
James Durbin
Nina Dobrev Nina Dobrev during an interview in August 2018 02.png
Nina Dobrev
Emily Meade Emily Meade filming Twelve in Central Park, 21-04-09.jpg
Emily Meade
Beau Mirchoff Beau Mirchoff.jpg
Beau Mirchoff
Kim Bùi Kim Bui 073.jpg
Kim Bùi
Hannah Arterton Hannah Arterton Oliviers Red Carpet 2018.jpg
Hannah Arterton
Khleo Thomas Khleo Thomas 2018.jpg
Khleo Thomas

February

Jeremy Sumpter Jeremy Sumpter 2014 (cropped).jpg
Jeremy Sumpter
Jesse Rath Jesse Rath -Defiance Panel (cropped).jpg
Jesse Rath
Carly McKillip One More Girl 1.JPG
Carly McKillip
Elizabeth Olsen Elizabeth Olsen SDCC 2014 2 (cropped).jpg
Elizabeth Olsen
Corbin Bleu Corbin Bleu (Headshot).jpg
Corbin Bleu
Trace Cyrus Trace Cyrus Metro Station 2.jpg
Trace Cyrus
Daniel Kaluuya Daniel Kaluuya by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Daniel Kaluuya

March

Nathalie Emmanuel Nathalie Emmanuel by Gage Skidmore 2 (cropped).jpg
Nathalie Emmanuel
Erin Heatherton Erin Heatherton crop.jpg
Erin Heatherton
Jake Lloyd Jake Lloyd.jpg
Jake Lloyd
Gerald Anderson Gerald Anderson by Ronn Tan, April 2010.png
Gerald Anderson
Anton Yelchin Anton Yelchin 2011.jpg
Anton Yelchin
Tyler Clary London 2012 200m backstroke IMG 5105 (7737962738) (Clary).jpg
Tyler Clary
Pierre Niney Pierre Niney avp 2016 Frantz.jpg
Pierre Niney
Mason Musso Metro Station.jpg
Mason Musso
Lily Collins Lily Collins by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Lily Collins
Aly Michalka Aly Michalka May 2017.jpg
Aly Michalka

April

Lily James Lilly James (35744205321) (colour edited).jpg
Lily James
Aysel Teymurzadeh AySel.jpg
Aysel Teymurzadeh
Luke Bracey Luke Bracey.jpg
Luke Bracey

May

Katinka Hosszú Kazan 2015 - Hosszú Katinka 200m backstroke.JPG
Katinka Hosszú
Dániel Gyurta DanielGyurta-0017.jpg
Dániel Gyurta
Chris Brown Chris Brown (6936274970).jpg
Chris Brown
Nyle DiMarco Nyle DiMarco Citation Presentation (29540852135) (cropped).jpg
Nyle DiMarco
Shane van Gisbergen Shane van Gisbergen 2016 Rennsport Sydney.jpg
Shane van Gisbergen
Behati Prinsloo Lacoste Fall-Winter 2010 087 (cropped).jpg
Behati Prinsloo
Prince Royce Prince Royce 2012.jpg
Prince Royce
Alexandra Park Alexandra Park at 2015 TCA (cropped).jpg
Alexandra Park
Alexey Negodaylo Aleksey Negodaylo 24 February 2014.jpg
Alexey Negodaylo
Riley Keough Riley Keough Cannes 2016 (2).jpg
Riley Keough

June

Steve Smith Steve Smith (cricketer), 2014 (cropped).jpg
Steve Smith
Lisa Tucker Princessp crop.jpg
Lisa Tucker
Lucy Hale Lucy Hale 2012.jpg
Lucy Hale
Renee Olstead Renee Olstead April 2015.jpg
Renee Olstead
Christopher Mintz-Plasse Christopher Mintz-Plasse by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Christopher Mintz-Plasse
Matthew Lewis Matthew Lewis in June 2011.jpg
Matthew Lewis

July

David Henrie David Henrie 2012.jpg
David Henrie
Phoebe Tonkin Phoebe Tonkin at PaleyFest 2014.jpg
Phoebe Tonkin
Gareth Bale AUT vs. WAL 2016-10-06 (155).jpg
Gareth Bale
Rory Culkin RoryCulkin08TIFF.jpg
Rory Culkin
Daniel Radcliffe Daniel Radcliffe SDCC 2014.jpg
Daniel Radcliffe
Zelda Williams Zelda Williams.jpg
Zelda Williams

August

Jessica Mauboy Jessica Mauboy November 2014.jpg
Jessica Mauboy
Brenton Thwaites Brenton Thwaites.jpg
Brenton Thwaites
Joe Jonas Joe Jonas 2012 (Straighten Crop).jpg
Joe Jonas
Carlos Pena Jr. Carlos Pena Jr BTR Paparazzo.jpg
Carlos Pena Jr.
Hayden Panettiere Hayden Panettiere 2009 (Straighten Crop).jpg
Hayden Panettiere
Bebe Rexha Bebe Rexha live at Staples Center, Los Angeles 15 (cropped).jpg
Bebe Rexha

September

Logan Henderson Logan Henderson BTR Paparazzo.jpg
Logan Henderson
Steliana Nistor Stela nistor.jpg
Steliana Nistor
Jason Derulo Jason Derulo 2013 3.jpg
Jason Derulo
Pia Wurtzbach Miss Universe 2015 Pia Wurtzbach waves to the Malacanang Press (cropped).jpg
Pia Wurtzbach
Emma Watkins Emma Watkins in Toronto - 2018 (44167590694) (cropped).jpg
Emma Watkins

October

Brie Larson Brie Larson in 2018.jpg
Brie Larson
Janine Gutierrez Janine Gutierrez 2016.png
Janine Gutierrez
Dakota Johnson Dakota Johnson - Bad Times at El Royale Interview.png
Dakota Johnson
Kimmie Meissner Kimmie Meissner Podium 2007 Skate America.jpg
Kimmie Meissner
Aimee Teegarden Aimee Teegarden by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Aimee Teegarden
Mia Wasikowska Mia Wasikowska at the 2018 Berlin Film Festival.jpg
Mia Wasikowska
Pewdiepie PewDiePie at PAX 2015 crop.jpg
Pewdiepie
Eliza Taylor Eliza Taylor by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Eliza Taylor

November

Adam Rippon Adam Rippon @ 2018.09.15 Human Rights Campaign National Dinner, Washington, DC USA 06186 (42904075620) (cropped).jpg
Adam Rippon
Taron Egerton Taron-egerton-gesf-2018-5667.jpg
Taron Egerton
Cody Linley Cody Linley.jpg
Cody Linley
Candice Glover Life Ball 2014 red carpet 092 Candice Glover.jpg
Candice Glover

December

Nicholas Hoult SDCC 2015 - Nicholas Hoult (19752716152) (cropped).jpg
Nicholas Hoult
Taylor Swift Taylor Swift Red Tour 5, 2013.jpg
Taylor Swift
Ashley Benson Ashley Benson 2012.jpg
Ashley Benson
Salvador Sobral Salvador Sobral RedCarpet Kyiv 2017.jpg
Salvador Sobral

Deaths

January

Emperor Hirohito Emperor Hirohito portrait photograph.jpg
Emperor Hirohito
José Bustamante y Rivero José Luis Bustamante y Rivero (1968).jpg
José Bustamante y Rivero
Józef Cyrankiewicz Cyrankiewicz.jpg
Józef Cyrankiewicz
Muharrem Bajraktari Muharrem Bajraktari, 15 May 1896 — 21 January 1989.jpg
Muharrem Bajraktari
Salvador Dalí Salvador Dalí 1939.jpg
Salvador Dalí
Ted Bundy Ted Bundy headshot.jpg
Ted Bundy
Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cadiz Duke Alfonso 1963b.jpg
Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cadiz

February

Osamu Tezuka Osamu Tezuka 1951 Scan10008-2.JPG
Osamu Tezuka
Shakhbut bin Sultan Al Nahyan الشيخ سلطان بن زايد 19-1-1961.jpg
Shakhbut bin Sultan Al Nahyan

March

Salvatore Dell'Isola Salvatore Dellisola.jpg
Salvatore Dell'Isola
Maurice Evans Maurice evans 1956.JPG
Maurice Evans
Sa`id Al-Mufti Said-al-mufti.jpg
Sa`id Al-Mufti

April

Sugar Ray Robinson Sugar Ray Robinson 1947.jpg
Sugar Ray Robinson
Abbie Hoffman Abbie Hoffman visiting the University of Oklahoma circa 1969.jpg
Abbie Hoffman
Emilio Segrè Segre.jpg
Emilio Segrè
Hamani Diori Hamani Diori 1968b.jpg
Hamani Diori
Lucille Ball LDBALL1950s.jpg
Lucille Ball
Guy Williams Guy williams 1973.jpg
Guy Williams

May

Edward Ochab Edward Ochab 2.jpg
Edward Ochab
Zdeněk Frolík Zdenek Frolik.png
Zdeněk Frolík
Xiao Wangdong Xiao Wangdong.jpg
Xiao Wangdong

June

Ruhollah Khomeini Portrait of Ruhollah Khomeini.jpg
Ruhollah Khomeini
Prince Vasili Alexandrovich of Russia Prince Vasily of Russia.JPG
Prince Vasili Alexandrovich of Russia
Hilmar Baunsgaard Hilmar Baunsgaard.PNG
Hilmar Baunsgaard

July

Win Maung Mahn Win Maung.jpg
Win Maung
János Kádár János Kádár (fototeca.iiccr.ro).jpg
János Kádár
Herbert von Karajan Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S47421, Herbert von Karajan.jpg
Herbert von Karajan
Rebecca Schaeffer Rebecca Schaeffer 86-88.JPG
Rebecca Schaeffer
Kazimierz Sabbat Sabbat.jpg
Kazimierz Sabbat

August

George Andreasen Gandreasen.jpg
George Andreasen
William Shockley William Shockley, Stanford University.jpg
William Shockley
Pua Kealoha Pua Kealoha passport 1920.jpg
Pua Kealoha

September

Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Marcos.JPEG
Ferdinand Marcos

October

Paola Barbara Paola Barbara 1939.jpg
Paola Barbara
Bette Davis Bette Davis 1933.jpg
Bette Davis

November

Édouard Candeveau, 1924 Olympic gold medalist Édouard Candeveau 1928.jpg
Édouard Candeveau, 1924 Olympic gold medalist
Franz Joseph II Fürst Franz Josef II..jpg
Franz Joseph II
Ignacio Ellacuría Ignacio Ellacuría (activist).jpg
Ignacio Ellacuría
René Moawad René Moawad.jpg
René Moawad
Abdullah Azzam Abdullah Azzam.jpg
Abdullah Azzam
Carlos Arias Navarro Carlos Arias Navarro 1975.jpg
Carlos Arias Navarro
Ahmadou Ahidjo Ahmadou Ahidjo.jpg
Ahmadou Ahidjo

December

Sourou-Migan Apithy Sourou Migan Apithy in 1958.jpg
Sourou-Migan Apithy
Andrei Sakharov RIAN archive 25981 Academician Sakharov.jpg
Andrei Sakharov
José Gonzalo Rodríguez Gacha Rodriguezgacha.png
José Gonzalo Rodríguez Gacha
Lee Van Cleef Lee Van Cleef in Stories of the Century.jpg
Lee Van Cleef
Samuel Beckett Samuel Beckett, Pic, 1.jpg
Samuel Beckett
Nicolae Ceaușescu Nicolae Ceaușescu.jpg
Nicolae Ceaușescu
Hermann Oberth Hermann Oberth 1950s.jpg
Hermann Oberth

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1964th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 964th year of the 2nd millennium, the 64th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1960s decade.

1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1999th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 999th year of the 2nd millennium, the 99th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1990s decade.

1952 Year

1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1952nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 952nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1950s decade.

1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1951st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 951st year of the 2nd millennium, the 51st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1950s decade.

1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1949th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 949th year of the 2nd millennium, the 49th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1940s decade.

1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1948th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 948th year of the 2nd millennium, the 48th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1940s decade.

1939 Year

1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1939th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 939th year of the 2nd millennium, the 39th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1930s decade. This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.

1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1946th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 946th year of the 2nd millennium, the 46th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1940s decade.

1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1990th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 990th year of the 2nd millennium, the 90th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1990s decade.

1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1980th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 980th year of the 2nd millennium, the 80th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1980s decade.

1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1992nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 992nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 92nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1990s decade.

1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1988th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 988th year of the 2nd millennium, the 88th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1980s decade.

1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1956th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 956th year of the 2nd millennium, the 56th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1950s decade.

1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1966th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 966th year of the 2nd millennium, the 66th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1960s decade.

1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1921st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 921st year of the 2nd millennium, the 21st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1921, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1955th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 955th year of the 2nd millennium, the 55th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1950s decade.

1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1953rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 953rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 53rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1950s decade.

1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1930th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 930th year of the 2nd millennium, the 30th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1930s decade.

1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1954th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 954th year of the 2nd millennium, the 54th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1950s decade.

1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1950th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 950th year of the 2nd millennium, the 50th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1950s decade.

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Further reading