1989

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1989 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1989
MCMLXXXIX
Ab urbe condita 2742
Armenian calendar 1438
ԹՎ ՌՆԼԸ
Assyrian calendar 6739
Bahá'í calendar 145–146
Balinese saka calendar 1910–1911
Bengali calendar 1396
Berber calendar 2939
British Regnal year 37  Eliz. 2   38  Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2533
Burmese calendar 1351
Byzantine calendar 7497–7498
Chinese calendar 戊辰(Earth  Dragon)
4685 or 4625
     to 
己巳年 (Earth  Snake)
4686 or 4626
Coptic calendar 1705–1706
Discordian calendar 3155
Ethiopian calendar 1981–1982
Hebrew calendar 5749–5750
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2045–2046
 - Shaka Samvat 1910–1911
 - Kali Yuga 5089–5090
Holocene calendar 11989
Igbo calendar 989–990
Iranian calendar 1367–1368
Islamic calendar 1409–1410
Japanese calendar Shōwa 64 / Heisei 1
(平成元年)
Javanese calendar 1921–1922
Juche calendar 78
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4322
Minguo calendar ROC 78
民國78年
Nanakshahi calendar 521
Thai solar calendar 2532
Tibetan calendar 阳土龙年
(male Earth-Dragon)
2115 or 1734 or 962
     to 
阴土蛇年
(female Earth-Snake)
2116 or 1735 or 963
Unix time 599616000 – 631151999

1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1989th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 989th year of the 2nd millennium, the 89th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1980s decade.

Contents

1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union. These are collectively known as the Revolutions of 1989.

It was the year of the first Brazilian presidential election in 29 years, since the end of the military government in 1985 that ruled the country for more than twenty years, and marked the redemocratization process's final point.

F. W. de Klerk was elected as State President of South Africa, and his regime gradually dismantled the apartheid system over the next five years, culminating with the 1994 election that brought jailed African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela to power.

The first commercial Internet service providers surfaced in this year, [1] [2] as well as the first written proposal for the World Wide Web and New Zealand, Japan and Australia's first Internet connections. The first babies born after preimplantation genetic diagnosis were conceived in late 1989, beginning the era of designer babies. [3]

1989 marked the beginning of the Heisei period in Japan, which lasted until 2019. It is also the latest year, when written in Roman numerals, to have an L.

Events

January

January 20: George H. W. Bush, 41st President of the United States George H. W. Bush, President of the United States, 1989 official portrait (cropped).jpg
January 20: George H. W. Bush, 41st President of the United States

February

Soviet unit pictured prior to their withdrawal from Afghanistan RIAN archive 827820 Soviet unit pictured prior to their withdrawal from Afghanistan.jpg
Soviet unit pictured prior to their withdrawal from Afghanistan

March

Mass demonstration at the Hungarian state television headquarters Nemzeti Unnep - Szabadsag ter 1989.03.15 (4).jpg
Mass demonstration at the Hungarian state television headquarters
The Exxon Valdez Exval.jpeg
The Exxon Valdez

April

Polish Round Table Agreement Okragly Stol Palac Prezydencki 2019.jpg
Polish Round Table Agreement

May

June

Goddess of Democracy erected as part of 1989 Tiananmen Square protests Goddess of Democracy in Tiananmen Square.jpg
Goddess of Democracy erected as part of 1989 Tiananmen Square protests

July

August

Voyager 2 at Neptune Neptune.jpg
Voyager 2 at Neptune

September

October

The Phillips disaster Apdx F2 - Aerial photo after explosion.jpg
The Phillips disaster

November

Germans standing on top of the Berlin Wall West and East Germans at the Brandenburg Gate in 1989.jpg
Germans standing on top of the Berlin Wall
A peaceful demonstration in Prague during the Velvet Revolution Havla 1989.jpg
A peaceful demonstration in Prague during the Velvet Revolution

December

Flames engulf a building following the United States invasion of Panama Panama clashes 1989.JPEG
Flames engulf a building following the United States invasion of Panama

Date unknown

Births

Births
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

Adele Haenel Adele Haenel Cannes 2017.jpg
Adèle Haenel
Kohei Uchimura Kohei Uchimura (2011).jpg
Kōhei Uchimura
Nina Dobrev Nina Dobrev during an interview in August 2018 02.png
Nina Dobrev
Emily Meade Emily Meade filming Twelve in Central Park, 21-04-09, crop.jpg
Emily Meade
Kim Bui Kim Bui 073.jpg
Kim Bui

February

Jeremy Sumpter Jeremy Sumpter 2014 (cropped).jpg
Jeremy Sumpter
Elizabeth Olsen Elizabeth Olsen by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Elizabeth Olsen
Corbin Bleu Corbin Bleu (Headshot).jpg
Corbin Bleu
Jung Joon-Young 160312 Jung Joon-young cropepd.jpg
Jung Joon-Young

March

Daniella Monet Daniella Monet 2019 ( UjqqO8-cdw).jpg
Daniella Monet
Anton Yelchin Anton Yelchin Deauville 2011.jpg
Anton Yelchin
Tyler Clary London 2012 200m backstroke IMG 5105 (7737962738) (Clary).jpg
Tyler Clary
Pierre Niney Pierre Niney avp 2016 Frantz.jpg
Pierre Niney
Mason Musso Metro Station.jpg
Mason Musso
Lily Collins Lily Collins 2 May 2019.jpg
Lily Collins
Aly Michalka Aly Michalka May 2017.jpg
Aly Michalka

April

Lily James Lilly James (35036323024).jpg
Lily James
Aysel Teymurzadeh AySel.jpg
Aysel Teymurzadeh
Luke Bracey Luke Bracey.jpg
Luke Bracey

May

Katinka Hosszu Kazan 2015 - Hosszu Katinka 200m backstroke.JPG
Katinka Hosszú
Daniel Gyurta 2018-10-18 Karate Boys' +68 kg at 2018 Summer Youth Olympics - Victory ceremony (Martin Rulsch) 02.jpg
Dániel Gyurta
Rory McIlroy Rory McIlroy watches drive flight (portrait orientation).jpg
Rory McIlroy
Nyle DiMarco Nyle DiMarco Citation Presentation (28915940204) (cropped).jpg
Nyle DiMarco
Shane van Gisbergen Shane van Gisbergen 2020 Supercars launch.jpg
Shane van Gisbergen
Prince Royce Prince Royce 2012.jpg
Prince Royce
Alexandra Park Alexandra Park at 2015 TCA (cropped).jpg
Alexandra Park
Gaelan Connell Gaelan Connell 2012.jpg
Gaelan Connell
Alexey Negodaylo Aleksey Negodaylo 24 February 2014.jpg
Alexey Negodaylo

June

Steve Smith Steve Smith (cricketer), 2014 (cropped).jpg
Steve Smith
Imogen Poots Imogen Poots.jpg
Imogen Poots
Lucy Hale Lucy Hale 2012.jpg
Lucy Hale
Renee Olstead Renee Olstead April 2015.jpg
Renee Olstead
Christopher Mintz-Plasse Christopher Mintz-Plasse by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Christopher Mintz-Plasse

July

Alex Morgan Alex Morgan May19.jpg
Alex Morgan
David Henrie David Henrie 2010 alt.jpg
David Henrie
Phoebe Tonkin Phoebe Tonkin at PaleyFest 2014.jpg
Phoebe Tonkin
Gareth Bale AUT vs. WAL 2016-10-06 (155).jpg
Gareth Bale
Daniel Radcliffe Daniel Radcliffe in July 2015.jpg
Daniel Radcliffe
Zelda Williams Zelda Williams.jpg
Zelda Williams

August

Jessica Mauboy Jessica Mauboy November 2014.jpg
Jessica Mauboy
Brenton Thwaites Brenton Thwaites.jpg
Brenton Thwaites
Joe Jonas Joe Jonas 2012 (Straighten Crop).jpg
Joe Jonas
Carlos PenaVega Carlos Pena Jr BTR Paparazzo.jpg
Carlos PenaVega
Romeo Miller 2009-0319-NCAAs-005-PercyMiller15.jpg
Romeo Miller
Hayden Panettiere Hayden Panettiere 2009 (Straighten Crop).jpg
Hayden Panettiere
Bebe Rexha Bebe Rexha 2019 -3 by Glenn Francis.jpg
Bebe Rexha

September

Avicii Avicii 2014 003cr.jpg
Avicii
Steliana Nistor Stela nistor.jpg
Steliana Nistor
Jason Derulo Jason Derulo live @ MTV EMA 2018.png
Jason Derulo
Pia Wurtzbach Miss Universe 2015 Pia Wurtzbach 071816 (cropped).jpg
Pia Wurtzbach

October

Brie Larson Captain Marvel trailer at the National Air and Space Museum 4 (cropped).jpg
Brie Larson
Dakota Johnson Dakota Johnson Venice 2018 (cropped).jpg
Dakota Johnson
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez Official Portrait (cropped 2).jpg
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez
Mia Wasikowska Mia Wasikowska at the 2018 Berlin Film Festival.jpg
Mia Wasikowska

November

Taron Egerton Taron Egerton by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Taron Egerton
Adam Rippon Adam Rippon @ 2018.09.15 Human Rights Campaign National Dinner, Washington, DC USA 06186 (42904075620) (cropped).jpg
Adam Rippon

December

Nicholas Hoult Nicholas Hoult (46797398134) (cropped).jpg
Nicholas Hoult
Taylor Swift 191125 Taylor Swift at the 2019 American Music Awards.png
Taylor Swift
Onew 180629 SHINee seutapildeu goyang paenssainhoe 2 (cropped).jpg
Onew
Ashley Benson Ashley Benson 2012.jpg
Ashley Benson
Jane Levy Jane Levy WonderCon 2013.jpg
Jane Levy

Deaths

Deaths
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

Emperor Hirohito Hirohito wartime(cropped).jpg
Emperor Hirohito
Jose Bustamante y Rivero Jose Luis Bustamante y Rivero (1968).jpg
José Bustamante y Rivero
Jozef Cyrankiewicz Cyrankiewicz.jpg
Józef Cyrankiewicz
Muharrem Bajraktari Muharrem Bajraktari, 15 May 1896 -- 21 January 1989.jpg
Muharrem Bajraktari
Salvador Dali Salvador Dali 1939.jpg
Salvador Dalí
Ted Bundy Ted Bundy headshot.jpg
Ted Bundy

February

Ondrej Nepela Bundesarchiv Bild 183-L1129-0018, Ondrej Nepela.jpg
Ondrej Nepela
Osamu Tezuka Osamu Tezuka 1951 Scan10008-2.JPG
Osamu Tezuka
Shakhbut bin Sultan Al Nahyan lshykh slTn bn zyd 19-1-1961.jpg
Shakhbut bin Sultan Al Nahyan
George O'Hanlon George OHanlon life of riley.JPG
George O'Hanlon
Roy Eldridge Roy Eldridge, Spotlite (Club), New York, ca. Nov. 1946 (William P. Gottlieb 02271).jpg
Roy Eldridge

March

Salvatore Dell'Isola Salvatore Dellisola.jpg
Salvatore Dell'Isola
Maurice Evans Maurice evans 1956.JPG
Maurice Evans
Sa`id Al-Mufti Said-al-mufti.jpg
Sa`id Al-Mufti

April

Sugar Ray Robinson Sugar Ray Robinson 1947.jpg
Sugar Ray Robinson
Lucille Ball LDBALL1950s.jpg
Lucille Ball
Sergio Leone Sergio Leone.jpg
Sergio Leone

May

Edward Ochab Edward Ochab 2.jpg
Edward Ochab
Zdenek Frolik Zdenek Frolik.png
Zdeněk Frolík
Keith Whitley KeithWhitley.jpg
Keith Whitley
Xiao Wangdong Xiao Wangdong.jpg
Xiao Wangdong

June

Ruhollah Khomeini Portrait of Ruhollah Khomeini.jpg
Ruhollah Khomeini
Victor French Victor French.JPG
Victor French
Prince Vasili Alexandrovich of Russia Prince Vasily of Russia.JPG
Prince Vasili Alexandrovich of Russia
Hilmar Baunsgaard Hilmar Baunsgaard.PNG
Hilmar Baunsgaard

July

Andrei Gromyko Andrei Gromyko 1972.jpg
Andrei Gromyko
Win Maung Mahn Win Maung.jpg
Win Maung
Janos Kadar Janos Kadar (fototeca.iiccr.ro).jpg
János Kádár
Mel Blanc Mel Blanc - 1959.jpg
Mel Blanc
Herbert von Karajan Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S47421, Herbert von Karajan.jpg
Herbert von Karajan
Rebecca Schaeffer Rebecca Schaeffer 86-88.JPG
Rebecca Schaeffer
Kazimierz Sabbat Kazimierz Sabbat.jpg
Kazimierz Sabbat

August

George Andreasen Gandreasen.jpg
George Andreasen
William Shockley William Shockley, Stanford University.jpg
William Shockley
Tim Richmond TimRichmond.jpg
Tim Richmond
Pua Kealoha Pua Kealoha passport 1920.jpg
Pua Kealoha

September

Irving Berlin BerlinPortrait1.jpg
Irving Berlin
Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Marcos.JPEG
Ferdinand Marcos
Corrado Gaipa Corrado Gaipa 59.jpg
Corrado Gaipa

October

Paola Barbara Paola Barbara 1939.jpg
Paola Barbara
Bette Davis Bette Davis - Photoplay, June 1938.jpg
Bette Davis
Anthony Quayle Anthony Quayle-publicity.jpg
Anthony Quayle

November

Franz Joseph II Furst Franz Josef II..jpg
Franz Joseph II
Rene Moawad Rene Moawad.jpg
René Moawad
Carlos Arias Navarro Carlos Arias Navarro 1975.jpg
Carlos Arias Navarro
Ahmadou Ahidjo Ahmadou Ahidjo.jpg
Ahmadou Ahidjo

December

Andrei Sakharov RIAN archive 25981 Academician Sakharov.jpg
Andrei Sakharov
Jose Gonzalo Rodriguez Gacha Rodriguezgacha.png
José Gonzalo Rodríguez Gacha
Samuel Beckett Samuel Beckett, Pic, 1.jpg
Samuel Beckett
Nicolae Ceausescu Nicolae Ceausescu.jpg
Nicolae Ceaușescu
Billy Martin Billy Martin - New York Yankees - 1957.jpg
Billy Martin
Hermann Oberth Hermann Oberth 1950s.jpg
Hermann Oberth

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Related Research Articles

1952 1952

1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1952nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 952nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1950s decade.

1947 1947

1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1947th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 947th year of the 2nd millennium, the 47th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1940s decade.

1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1993rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 993rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 93rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1990s decade.

1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1949th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 949th year of the 2nd millennium, the 49th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1940s decade.

1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1931st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 931st year of the 2nd millennium, the 31st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1930s decade.

1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1948th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 948th year of the 2nd millennium, the 48th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1940s decade.

1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1946th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 946th year of the 2nd millennium, the 46th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1940s decade.

1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1990th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 990th year of the 2nd millennium, the 90th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1990s decade.

1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1980th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 980th year of the 2nd millennium, the 80th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1980s decade.

1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1961st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 961st year of the 2nd millennium, the 61st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1960s decade.

1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1988th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 988th year of the 2nd millennium, the 88th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1980s decade.

1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1956th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 956th year of the 2nd millennium, the 56th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1950s decade.

1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1936th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 936th year of the 2nd millennium, the 36th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1930s decade.

1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1937th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 937th year of the 2nd millennium, the 37th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1930s decade.

1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1966th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 966th year of the 2nd millennium, the 66th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1960s decade.

1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1991st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 991st year of the 2nd millennium, the 91st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1990s decade.

1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1921st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 921st year of the 2nd millennium, the 21st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1921, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1953rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 953rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 53rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1950s decade.

1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1954th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 954th year of the 2nd millennium, the 54th year of the 20th century, and the 5th year of the 1950s decade.

1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1950th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 950th year of the 2nd millennium, the 50th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1950s decade.

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Further reading