1990

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1990 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1990
MCMXC
Ab urbe condita 2743
Armenian calendar 1439
ԹՎ ՌՆԼԹ
Assyrian calendar 6740
Bahá'í calendar 146–147
Balinese saka calendar 1911–1912
Bengali calendar 1397
Berber calendar 2940
British Regnal year 38  Eliz. 2   39  Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2534
Burmese calendar 1352
Byzantine calendar 7498–7499
Chinese calendar 己巳(Earth  Snake)
4686 or 4626
     to 
庚午年 (Metal  Horse)
4687 or 4627
Coptic calendar 1706–1707
Discordian calendar 3156
Ethiopian calendar 1982–1983
Hebrew calendar 5750–5751
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2046–2047
 - Shaka Samvat 1911–1912
 - Kali Yuga 5090–5091
Holocene calendar 11990
Igbo calendar 990–991
Iranian calendar 1368–1369
Islamic calendar 1410–1411
Japanese calendar Heisei 2
(平成2年)
Javanese calendar 1922–1923
Juche calendar 79
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4323
Minguo calendar ROC 79
民國79年
Nanakshahi calendar 522
Thai solar calendar 2533
Tibetan calendar 阴土蛇年
(female Earth-Snake)
2116 or 1735 or 963
     to 
阳金马年
(male Iron-Horse)
2117 or 1736 or 964
Unix time 631152000 – 662687999

1990 ( MCMXC ) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar , the 1990th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 990th year of the 2nd millennium , the 90th year of the 20th century , and the 1st year of the 1990s decade.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeric system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.

A common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year that begins on Monday, 1 January, and ends on Monday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is G. The most recent year of such kind was 2018 and the next one will be 2029 in the Gregorian calendar, or likewise, 2013 and 2019 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 1900, was also a common year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar. See below for more. Any common year that starts on Sunday, Monday or Tuesday has two Friday the 13ths. This common year of this type contains two Friday the 13ths in April and July. Leap years starting on Sunday share this characteristic, but also have another in January.

Contents

Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen, [1] the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika. Yugoslavia's communist regime collapses amidst increasing internal tensions and multiparty elections held within its constituent republics result in separatist governments being elected in most of the republics marking the beginning of the breakup of Yugoslavia. Also in this year began the crisis that would lead to the Gulf War in 1991 following the Iraq invasion and the largely internationally unrecognized annexation of Kuwait resulting in a crisis in the Persian Gulf involving the issue of the sovereignty of Kuwait and fears by Saudi Arabia over Iraqi aggression against their oil fields near Kuwait, this resulted in Operation Desert Shield being enacted with an international coalition of military forces being built up on the Kuwaiti-Saudi border with demands for Iraq to peacefully withdraw from Kuwait. Also in this year, Nelson Mandela was released from prison, and Margaret Thatcher resigned as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after over 11 years.

German reunification process in 1990 in which East and West Germany once again became one country

The German reunification was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic became part of the Federal Republic of Germany to form the reunited nation of Germany, and when Berlin reunited into a single city, as provided by its then Grundgesetz (constitution) Article 23. The end of the unification process is officially referred to as German unity, celebrated on 3 October. Following German reunification, Berlin was once again designated as the capital of united Germany.

Yemeni unification took place on May 22, 1990, when the area of the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen was united with the Yemen Arab Republic, forming the Republic of Yemen.

Human Genome Project Research program for sequencing the human genome

The Human Genome Project (HGP) was an international scientific research project with the goal of determining the sequence of nucleotide base pairs that make up human DNA, and of identifying and mapping all of the genes of the human genome from both a physical and a functional standpoint. It remains the world's largest collaborative biological project. After the idea was picked up in 1984 by the US government when the planning started, the project formally launched in 1990 and was declared complete on April 14, 2003. Funding came from the US government through the National Institutes of Health (NIH) as well as numerous other groups from around the world. A parallel project was conducted outside government by the Celera Corporation, or Celera Genomics, which was formally launched in 1998. Most of the government-sponsored sequencing was performed in twenty universities and research centers in the United States, the United Kingdom, Japan, France, Germany and China.

1990 was an important year in the Internet's early history. In the fall of 1990, Tim Berners-Lee created the first web server and the foundation for the World Wide Web. Test operations began around December 20 and it was released outside CERN the following year. [2] 1990 also saw the official decommissioning of the ARPANET, a forerunner of the Internet system and the introduction of the first content search engine, Archie on September 10. [3]

Internet Global system of connected computer networks

The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide. It is a network of networks that consists of private, public, academic, business, and government networks of local to global scope, linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless, and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries a vast range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents and applications of the World Wide Web (WWW), electronic mail, telephony, and file sharing. Some publications no longer capitalize "internet".

Tim Berners-Lee 20th and 21st-century British computer scientist, inventor of the World Wide Web

Sir Timothy John Berners-Lee, also known as TimBL, is an English engineer and computer scientist, best known as the inventor of the World Wide Web. He is currently a professor of computer science at the University of Oxford and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He made a proposal for an information management system on March 12, 1989, and he implemented the first successful communication between a Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) client and server via the internet in mid-November the same year.

Web server server that serves website content to clients

A web server is server software, or hardware dedicated to running said software, that can satisfy World Wide Web client requests. A web server can, in general, contain one or more websites. A web server processes incoming network requests over HTTP and several other related protocols.

September 14, 1990 saw the first case of successful somatic gene therapy on a patient. [4]

Gene therapy therapeutic approach that involves inserting nucleic acids into the patients cells

In the medicine field gene therapy is the therapeutic delivery of nucleic acid into a patient's cells as a drug to treat disease. The first attempt at modifying human DNA was performed in 1980 by Martin Cline, but the first successful nuclear gene transfer in humans, approved by the National Institutes of Health, was performed in May 1989. The first therapeutic use of gene transfer as well as the first direct insertion of human DNA into the nuclear genome was performed by French Anderson in a trial starting in September 1990.

Due to the early 1990s recession that began that year and uncertainty due to the collapse of the socialist governments in Eastern Europe, birth rates in many countries stopped rising or fell steeply in 1990. In most western countries the Echo Boom peaked in 1990; fertility rates declined thereafter. [5]

The early 1990s recession describes the period of economic downturn affecting much of the Western world in the early 1990s.

Eastern Europe eastern part of the European continent

Eastern Europe is the eastern part of the European continent. There is no consensus on the precise area it covers, partly because the term has a wide range of geopolitical, geographical, cultural, and socioeconomic connotations. There are "almost as many definitions of Eastern Europe as there are scholars of the region". A related United Nations paper adds that "every assessment of spatial identities is essentially a social and cultural construct". One definition describes Eastern Europe as a cultural entity: the region lying in Europe with the main characteristics consisting of Greek, Byzantine, Eastern Orthodox, Russian, and some Ottoman culture influences. Another definition was created during the Cold War and used more or less synonymously with the term Eastern Bloc. A similar definition names the formerly communist European states outside the Soviet Union as Eastern Europe. The majority of historians and social scientists view such definitions as outdated or relegated, but they are still sometimes used for statistical purposes.

Encyclopædia Britannica , which ceased printing in 2012, saw its highest all time sales in 1990; 120,000 volumes were sold that year. [6] The number of librarians in the United States also peaked around 1990. [7]

<i>Encyclopædia Britannica</i> General knowledge English-language encyclopaedia

The Encyclopædia Britannica, formerly published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia. It was written by about 100 full-time editors and more than 4,000 contributors. The 2010 version of the 15th edition, which spans 32 volumes and 32,640 pages, was the last printed edition.

Librarian person who works professionally in a library, and is usually trained in librarianship

A librarian is a person who works professionally in a library, providing access to information and sometimes social or technical programming to users. In addition, librarians provide instruction on information literacy.

Events

January

January 7: The Pisa tower closed. Leaning Tower of Pisa.jpg
January 7: The Pisa tower closed.
January 29: Trial relating to Exxon Valdez. Exval.jpeg
January 29: Trial relating to Exxon Valdez .

February

March

April

April 1990 in Moscow 1990-Moscow.jpg
April 1990 in Moscow

May

June

July

July 16: 1990 Luzon earthquake Philippines relief location map (square).svg
July 16: 1990 Luzon earthquake

August

August 2: Gulf War begins Gulf War Photobox.jpg
August 2: Gulf War begins

September

October

October 3: The former flag of West Germany becomes the flag of all Germany. Flag of Germany.svg
October 3: The former flag of West Germany becomes the flag of all Germany.

November

November 22: Margaret Thatcher, the UK's first female Prime Minister, resigns after 11 years. ThatcherProfile.JPG
November 22: Margaret Thatcher, the UK's first female Prime Minister, resigns after 11 years.

December

World population

World population
1990 1985 1995
World5,263,593,0004,830,979,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 432,614,000+8.95 %5,674,380,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 410,787,000+7.80 %
Africa622,443,000541,718,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 80,629,000+14.88 %707,462,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 85,019,000+13.66 %
Asia3,167,807,0002,887,552,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 280,255,000+9.71 %3,430,052,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 262,245,000+8.28 %
Europe721,582,000706,009,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 15,573,000+2.21 %727,405,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 5,823,000+0.81 %
Latin America441,525,000401,469,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 40,056,000+9.98 %481,099,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 39,574,000+8.96 %
North America283,549,000269,456,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 14,093,000+5.23 %299,438,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 15,889,000+5.60 %
Oceania26,687,00024,678,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 2,009,000+8.14 %28,924,000 Green Arrow Up.svg 2,237,000+8.38 %

Births

Births
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

Liam Hemsworth Liam Hemsworth June 2016.jpg
Liam Hemsworth
Grant Gustin Grant Gustin SDCC 2017.jpg
Grant Gustin
Logic Logic at 2018 VMAs.png
Logic
Christopher Massey Christopher Massey graduating High School.JPG
Christopher Massey

February

Dominic Sherwood Dominic Sherwood (22429006997).jpg
Dominic Sherwood
Brett Dier Brett Dier at 2015 PaleyFest.jpg
Brett Dier
The Weeknd The Weeknd August 2017.jpg
The Weeknd
Park Shin-hye Park Shin-hye para Marie Claire Korea -mari25junyeon seutadeulyi cugha rilrei - bagsinhye 01.png
Park Shin-hye

March

Princess Eugenie of York Princess Eugenie, 2017.jpg
Princess Eugenie of York
Laura Harrier Laura Harrier Cannes 2018 2.jpg
Laura Harrier
Thomas Rhett Thomas Rhett 2013.jpg
Thomas Rhett
Cassie Scerbo Cassie Scerbo 2009.jpg
Cassie Scerbo

April

Kim Jong-hyun 20170708 SMTOWN LIVE - jonghyeon 'dejabu' 4K jigkaem.jpg
Kim Jong-hyun
Kristen Stewart Kristen Stewart Cannes 2018 (cropped).jpg
Kristen Stewart
Emma Watson Emma Watson 2013.jpg
Emma Watson

May

Kay Panabaker Academy Awards afterparty CUN Kay Panabaker.jpg
Kay Panabaker
Sasha Spielberg Wardell, Jubilee Music & Arts Festival, Los Angeles Arts District, June 7, 2013 (8992383197) (cropped).jpg
Sasha Spielberg
Thomas Brodie-Sangster Thomas Brodie-Sangster by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Thomas Brodie-Sangster
Leven Rambin Leven Rambin October 2014.jpg
Leven Rambin

June

Iggy Azalea Iggy Azalea August 2015.jpg
Iggy Azalea
Lauren Socha Lauren Socha 2011.jpg
Lauren Socha
Matthias Mayer Matthias Mayer January 2014.jpg
Matthias Mayer
Aaron Taylor-Johnson Aaron Taylor-Johnson SDCC 2014 (cropped).jpg
Aaron Taylor-Johnson
John Newman John-Newman 2014-01-18 1846 photoby-Adam-Bielawski.jpg
John Newman
Ashly Burch Ashly Burch at PAX Prime 2013 (9675510198).jpg
Ashly Burch

July

Margot Robbie Margot Robbie at Somerset House in 2013 (cropped).jpg
Margot Robbie
Connor Paolo Connor Paolo at the 2009 Tribeca Film Festival.jpg
Connor Paolo
James Maslow James-maslow-header.jpg
James Maslow
Wizkid Wizkid at Iyanya's album launch concert, 2013 (cropped).jpg
Wizkid
Daveigh Chase Daveigh Chase LF adjusted.jpg
Daveigh Chase
Jay McGuiness Jay McGuiness 2012.jpg
Jay McGuiness

August

Bill Skarsgard Bill Skarsgard by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Bill Skarsgård
Lucas Till Lucas Till (cropped).jpg
Lucas Till
Jennifer Lawrence Jennifer Lawrence SDCC 2015 X-Men.jpg
Jennifer Lawrence

September

Merritt Patterson Merritt Patterson 2015 TCA Press Tour (cropped).jpg
Merritt Patterson
Yuna Kim YuNaKimInVancouver.jpg
Yuna Kim
Allison Scagliotti Allison Scagliotti by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Allison Scagliotti
Christian Serratos Christian Serratos by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Christian Serratos

October

Ricky Rubio Ricky Rubio Utah.jpg
Ricky Rubio
Amarna Miller Amarna Miller.jpg
Amarna Miller
Emiliano Sala Emiliano Sala.jpg
Emiliano Sala
J.I.D JID (38530984485) (cropped).png
J.I.D

November

Kendall Schmidt Kendall Schmidt concert in Mannheim.jpg
Kendall Schmidt
Jean-Luc Bilodeau Jean-Luc Bilodeau (Straighten Crop).jpg
Jean-Luc Bilodeau
Sarah Hyland Sarah Hyland at 2015 PaleyFest.jpg
Sarah Hyland
Magnus Carlsen Carlsen Magnus (30238051906).jpg
Magnus Carlsen

December

Chanel Iman ChanelIman.jpg
Chanel Iman
JoJo Jojo in 2011.jpg
JoJo
David Archuleta David Archuleta 2010.jpg
David Archuleta

Deaths

Deaths
January  · February  · March  · April  · May  · June  · July  · August  · September  · October  · November  · December

January

Alberto Lleras Camargo Alberto Lleras Camargo.jpg
Alberto Lleras Camargo
Pavel Cherenkov Cerenkov.jpg
Pavel Cherenkov
Prince Naruhiko Higashikuni HIH Prince Naruhiko of Higashikuni.jpg
Prince Naruhiko Higashikuni
Barbara Stanwyck Barbara Stanwyck in The Lady Eve trailer.JPG
Barbara Stanwyck
Ava Gardner Ava Gardner barefoot contessa crop.jpg
Ava Gardner

February

Jose Napoleon Duarte Jose Napoleon Duarte 1987c.jpg
José Napoleón Duarte
Sandro Pertini Pertini ritratto.jpg
Sandro Pertini
Johnnie Ray Johnnie Ray Allan Warren.jpg
Johnnie Ray

March

Gary Merrill Gary merrill.png
Gary Merrill
Shuddhananda Bharati Kavi Yogi Maharishi Dr. Shuddhananda Bharati, 1984.jpg
Shuddhananda Bharati
Karl Munchinger Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F026295-0025, Bonn, Konzert Landesvertretung Baden-Wurttemberg.jpg
Karl Münchinger

April

Greta Garbo Greta Garbo - 1935.jpg
Greta Garbo
Ralph Abernathy Ralph Abernathy.jpg
Ralph Abernathy
Horst Sindermann Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1988-1108-035, Horst Sindermann.jpg
Horst Sindermann

May

Walter Bruch (behind camera) Olympia-Kanone 1936.jpg
Walter Bruch (behind camera)
Sammy Davis Jr. Sammy Davis Jr. 1972.jpg
Sammy Davis Jr.
Jim Henson Jim Henson (1989) headshot.jpg
Jim Henson

June

Rex Harrison Rex Harrison Allan Warren.jpg
Rex Harrison
Jose Figueres Ferrer Jose Figueres Ferrer 1.png
José Figueres Ferrer
German Suarez Flamerich President German Suarez Flamerich.jpg
Germán Suárez Flamerich

July

Yun Posun Yun Bo-seon.jpg
Yun Posun
Bruno Kreisky Bruno Kreisky 1983.jpg
Bruno Kreisky

August

Viktor Tsoi Victor Tsoi 1986 cropped.jpg
Viktor Tsoi
Pearl Bailey Pearl Bailey - publicity.jpg
Pearl Bailey
Stevie Ray Vaughan Stevie Ray Vaughan, 1989.jpg
Stevie Ray Vaughan

September

Irene Dunne IreneDunneinLoveAffair.jpg
Irene Dunne
Ahti Karjalainen Ahtikarjalainen.jpg
Ahti Karjalainen
Samuel Doe Samuel Kanyon Doe.jpg
Samuel Doe

October

Beatrice Hutton Beatrice Hutton.png
Beatrice Hutton
Juan Jose Arevalo JuanJoseArevaloBermejo - cropped.jpg
Juan José Arévalo
Leonard Bernstein Leonard Bernstein by Jack Mitchell.jpg
Leonard Bernstein
Art Blakey 16001000424176-Scharinska villan-Riksantikvarieambetet.jpg
Art Blakey

November

Robert Hofstadter Robert Hofstadter.jpg
Robert Hofstadter
Roald Dahl Roald Dahl.jpg
Roald Dahl
Nguyen Van Tam Le President Nguyen Van Tam decore le drapeau de l'ecole d'E.O.R, boulevard Charner, Saigon, c. 1953.png
Nguyễn Văn Tâm

December

Aaron Copland Aaron Copland 1970.JPG
Aaron Copland
Naoto Tajima Naoto Tajima 01.jpg
Naoto Tajima
Tunku Abdul Rahman Tunku abd rahman.jpg
Tunku Abdul Rahman
Armand Hammer Armand Hammer 82.jpg
Armand Hammer

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

Fields Medal

Related Research Articles

2000 (MM) was a century leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2000th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 1000th and last year of the 2nd millennium, the 100th and last year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 2000s decade.

1952 Year

1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1952nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 952nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1950s decade.

1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1993rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 993rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 93rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1990s decade.

1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1951st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 951st year of the 2nd millennium, the 51st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1950s decade.

1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1957th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 957th year of the 2nd millennium, the 57th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1950s decade.

1939 Year

1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1939th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 939th year of the 2nd millennium, the 39th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1930s decade. This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.

1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1946th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 946th year of the 2nd millennium, the 46th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1940s decade.

1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1980th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 980th year of the 2nd millennium, the 80th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1980s decade.

1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1988th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 988th year of the 2nd millennium, the 88th year of the 20th century, and the 9th year of the 1980s decade.

1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1956th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 956th year of the 2nd millennium, the 56th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1950s decade.

1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1966th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 966th year of the 2nd millennium, the 66th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1960s decade.

1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1970th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 970th year of the 2nd millennium, the 70th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1970s decade.

1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1983rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 983rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 83rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1980s decade.

1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1987th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 987th year of the 2nd millennium, the 87th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1980s decade.

1986 Year

1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1986th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 986th year of the 2nd millennium, the 86th year of the 20th century, and the 7th year of the 1980s decade. The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.

1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1981st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 981st year of the 2nd millennium, the 81st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1980s decade.

1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1989th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 989th year of the 2nd millennium, the 89th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1980s decade.

1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1955th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 955th year of the 2nd millennium, the 55th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1950s decade.

1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1953rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 953rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 53rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1950s decade.

1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1950th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 950th year of the 2nd millennium, the 50th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1950s decade.

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