|Host city||Auckland, New Zealand|
|Motto||This is the Moment|
|Events||213 events in 10 sports|
|Opening ceremony||24 January|
|Closing ceremony||3 February|
|Officially opened by||Prince Edward|
|Officially closed by||Elizabeth II|
|Queen's Baton Final Runner||Mark Todd and Peter Snell|
|Main venue||Mount Smart Stadium|
The 1990 Commonwealth Games were held in Auckland, New Zealand from 24 January – 3 February 1990. It was the 14th Commonwealth Games, and part of New Zealand's 1990 sesquicentennial celebrations. Participants competed in ten sports: athletics, aquatics, badminton, boxing, cycling, gymnastics, judo, lawn bowls, shooting and weightlifting. The Triathlon was a demonstration event.
The main venue was the Mount Smart Stadium.
The Games were awarded to Auckland on 27 July 1984 at the Los Angeles Summer Olympics. Perth, Australia, had withdrawn from the bid contest leaving New Delhi, India, as the sole opponent to Auckland's bid.
The opening of the games comprised a variety of events, including the arrival of The Queen's representative The Prince Edward (her youngest son), the arrival of the Queen's Baton and many Māori ceremonial stories.
The opening ceremony itself started off with the Auckland Commonwealth Games Choir singing the Song of Welcome. Upon the arrival of The Prince Edward, the Māori in attendance, gave him a Challenge of a welcome. This is conducted by a Māori placing a wooden batton on the ground. To see if the visitor comes in peace or not, the visitor must pick it up.
The New Zealand national anthem "God Defend New Zealand" was sung during a ceremonial fourteen gun salute from nearby One Tree Hill. This was followed by the New Zealand Army Guard Commander allowing The Prince Edward to inspect the guard of honour. After which was the introduction of the participating countries of the Commonwealth, Scotland entering first as the hosts of the previous games, and New Zealand entering last as hosts. During the introduction of the countries, the choir at attendance would display the flag of the announced country with boards.
When all the athletes finally sat down, the main Māori ceremonies began. First of the Māori ceremonies was all the Māori women performing a "Song of Welcome" for the athletes with the use of Poi. The Māori women then gave some of the athletes a Hongi. Next was the Māori story of how New Zealand was formed, performed by many New Zealanders and organised by Logan Brewer. It involved a narration of how the Polynesians found their way to what was to become New Zealand. In the middle of the performance, a re-enactment was performed of how New Zealand was formed between Rangi and Papa (the sky father and earth mother). The story then moved on to the coming of religion and European migration. This was demonstrated with a formation of the Union Jack, to show the colonisation by the British. Dame Whina Cooper then made a speech about the Treaty of Waitangi signed in 1840 that brought about peace and stability of modern New Zealand.
Introduction of the European communities was next with music and native dancing from European countries such as Italy, Poland, Greece, Netherlands, Scotland, Ireland, Austria, Wales and England, and music and native dancing also from Asian countries such as China, Sri Lanka and India. From here, many of the neighbouring Pacific Islanders made their entrance with the rhythmic tempo of the Pacific Island drum beat. This was to show the then complete migration of people to New Zealand.
New Zealand performer Howard Morrison then lead New Zealand in singing the folk song Tukua-a-hau. After Howard Morrison, the Queen's Baton arrived at the stadium where The Prince Edward announced the opening of the games which was followed by the Athletes Pledge .
Fireworks followed and was capped off with a night time flyover by nine A-4 Skyhawk jets of the Royal New Zealand Air Forces 75 Squadron. The ceremony was concluded by the singing of the game's motto "This is the moment" as performers and athletes exited the stadium.
A more relaxed affair was held for the 14th Commonwealth Games closing ceremony, reflecting that of Christchurch in 1974. Attended by HM The Queen of New Zealand, formality and respect played their due part in the beginning with formal salute and the acceptance of the Commonwealth Games flag to the next host city, Victoria, Canada. This was followed by a First Nations and modern Canadian dancing display.
Then the fun began with thousands of children entering the stadium with a mass jumprope demonstration, followed by the athletes themselves. The Queen then made the traditional closing speech and called for all the Commonwealth's athletes to assemble in four years time in Victoria. As the evening wore on, opera singer Dame Kiri Te Kanawa sang "Now is the Hour", a favorite New Zealand hymn, as the Royal New Zealand Air Force's A4 Skyhawks made one final swooping flyover of Mount Smart Stadium followed by fireworks. The Queen, Duke of Edinburgh, and Prince Edward then exited the stadium standing in open top vehicles.
The mascot of the games was Goldie, representing New Zealand's national symbol the kiwi bird.
55 teams were represented at the 1990 Games.
(Teams competing for the first time are shown in bold).
|Participating Commonwealth countries and territories|
|Debuting Commonwealth countries and territories|
This is the full table of the medal count of the 1990 Commonwealth Games. These rankings sort by the number of gold medals earned by a country. The number of silvers is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze. If, after the above, countries are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically. This follows the system used by the IOC, IAAF and BBC.
Figures from Commonwealth Games Foundation website.
Host nation (New Zealand)
|4||New Zealand (NZL)*||17||14||27||58|
|13||Northern Ireland (NIR)||1||3||5||9|
|15||Hong Kong (HKG)||1||1||3||5|
|Papua New Guinea (PNG)||1||0||0||1|
|Western Samoa (WSM)||0||0||2||2|
|Totals (29 nations)||205||204||234||643|
|Light Flyweight||Justin Juuko (UGA)||Abdurahaman Ramadhani (KEN)|| Domenic Figliomeni (CAN)|
Dharmendar Yadav (IND)
|Flyweight||Wayne McCullough (NIR)||Nokuthula Tshabangu (ZIM)|| Born Siwakwi (ZAM)|
Maurice Maina (KEN)
|Bantamweight||Mohammed Sabo (NGR)||Geronimo Bie (CAN)|| Justin Chikwanda (ZAM)|
Wesley Christmas (GUY)
|Featherweight||John Irwin (ENG)||Haji Ally (TAN)|| David Gakuha (KEN)|
James Nicolson (AUS)
|Lightweight||Godfrey Nyakana (UGA)||Justin Rowsell (AUS)|| Bakari Mambeya (TAN)|
David Anderson (SCO)
|Light Welterweight||Charlie Kane (SCO)||Nicodemus Odore (KEN)|| Stefan Scriggins (AUS)|
Duke Chinyadza (ZIM)
|Welterweight||David Defiagbon (NGR)||Greg Johnson (CAN)|| Anthony Mwamba (ZAM)|
Grahame Cheney (AUS)
|Light Middleweight||Richie Woodhall (ENG)||Ray Downey (CAN)|| Sililo Figota (SAM)|
Andy Creary (NZL)
|Middleweight||Chris Johnson (CAN)||Joseph Laryea (GHA)|| Charles Matata (UGA)|
Mark Edwards (ENG)
|Light Heavyweight||Joseph Akhasamba (KEN)||Dale Brown (CAN)|| Nigel Anderson (NZL)|
Abdu Kaddu (UGA)
|Heavyweight||George Onyango (KEN)||Pat Jordan (CAN)|| Kevin Onwuka (NGR)|
Emerio Fainuulua (SAM)
|Super Heavyweight||Michael Kenny (NZL)||Liadi Alhassan (GHA)|| Vernon Linklater (CAN)|
Paul Douglas (NIR)
|Time Trial||Martin Vinnicombe (AUS)||00:01:06||Gary Anderson (NZL)||00:01:07||Jon Andrews (NZL)||00:01:07|
|Sprint||Gary Neiwand (AUS)||Curt Harnett (CAN)||Jon Andrews (NZL)|
|Individual Pursuit||Gary Anderson (NZL)||00:04:45||Mark Kingsland (AUS)||00:04:53||Darren Winter (AUS)||00:04:52|
|Team Pursuit|| New Zealand |
|00:04:23|| Australia |
|00:04:26|| England |
|10 Miles Scratch||Gary Anderson (NZL)||00:19:44||Shaun O'Brien (AUS)||00:19:44||Steve McGlede (AUS)||00:19:44|
|Points Race||Robert Burns (AUS)||81||Craig Connell (NZL)||72||Alistair Irvine (NIR)||39|
|Sprint||Louise Jones (WAL)||Julie Speight (AUS)||Sue Golder (NZL)|
|Individual Pursuit||Madonna Harris (NZL)||00:03:55||Kathy Watt (AUS)||00:03:55||Kelly-Ann Way (CAN)||00:04:00|
|Road Race||Graeme Miller (NZL)||04:34:00||Brian Fowler (NZL)||04:34:00||Scott Goguen (CAN)||04:34:05|
|Team Time Trial|| New Zealand |
|02:06:47|| Canada |
|02:09:20|| England |
|Road Race||Kathryn Watt (AUS)||01:55:11.60||Lisa Brambani (ENG)||1:55:11.88||Kathleen Shannon (AUS)||1:55:12.06|
|All-Around||Curtis Hibbert (CAN)||57.95||Alan Nolet (CAN)||57.8||James May (ENG)||57.4|
|Team|| Canada |
|171.8|| England |
|170.45|| Australia |
|Horizontal Bar|| Curtis Hibbert (CAN)|
Alan Nolet (CAN)
|9.85||Brennon Dowrick (AUS)||9.8|
|Parallel Bars||Curtis Hibbert (CAN)||9.8||Ken Meredith (AUS)||9.675||Peter Hogan (AUS)||9.6|
|Vault||James May (ENG)||9.625||Curtis Hibbert (CAN)||9.575||Tim Lees (AUS)||9.25|
|Pommel Horse||Brennon Dowrick (AUS)||9.825||Tim Lees (AUS)||9.725||James May (ENG)||9.7|
|Rings||Curtis Hibbert (CAN)||9.775||James May (ENG)||9.75||Ken Meredith (AUS)||9.725|
|Floor||Neil Thomas (ENG)||9.75||Alan Nolet (CAN)||9.675||Curtis Hibbert (CAN)||9.6|
|All-Around||Lori Strong (CAN)||38.912||Monique Allen (AUS)||38.687||Kylie Shadbolt (AUS)||38.499|
|Team|| Canada |
|116.784|| Australia |
|115.272|| England |
|Asymmetric Bars||Monique Allen (AUS)||9.875||Lori Strong (CAN)||9.85||Michelle Telfer (AUS)||9.737|
|Beam||Lori Strong (CAN)||9.85||Larissa Lowing (CAN)||9.762||Kylie Shadbolt (AUS)||9.7|
|Vault||Nikki Jenkins (NZL)||9.712||Lori Strong (CAN)||9.643||Monique Allen (AUS)||9.506|
|Floor||Lori Strong (CAN)||9.887||Larissa Lowing (CAN)||9.762||Kylie Shadbolt (AUS)||9.675|
|All-Around||Mary Fuzesi (CAN)||37.65||Madonna Gimotea (CAN)||37.25||Angela Walker (NZL)||36.9|
|Ball||Madonna Gimotea (CAN)||9.45||Mary Fuzesi (CAN)||9.4||Angela Walker (NZL)||9.25|
|Hoop||Mary Fuzesi (CAN)||9.4||Madonna Gimotea (CAN)||9.2|| Raewyn Jack (NZL)|
Alitia Sands (ENG)
Viva Seifert (ENG)
|Ribbon||Mary Fuzesi (CAN)||9.4||Madonna Gimotea (CAN)||9.3|| Raewyn Jack (NZL)|
Viva Seifert (ENG)
Angela Walker (NZL)
|Rope||Angela Walker (NZL)||9.3||Madonna Gimotea (CAN)||9.275||Mary Fuzesi (CAN)||9.25|
|Extra Lightweight||Carl Finney (ENG)||Kevin West (CAN)|| James Charles (WAL)|
Narender Singh (IND)
|Half Lightweight||Brent Cooper (NZL)||Mark Preston (SCO)|| Mark Adshead (ENG)|
Jean-Pierre Cantin (CAN)
|Lightweight||Roy Stone (ENG)||Majemite Omagbaluwaje (NGR)|| William Cusack (SCO)|
Colin Savage (NIR)
|Half Middleweight||David Southby (ENG)||Graeme Spinks (NZL)||Gavin Kelly (AUS)|
|Middleweight||Densign White (ENG)||Winston Sweatman (SCO)|| Chris Bacon (AUS)|
Rajinder Dhanger (IND)
|Half Heavyweight||Ray Stevens (ENG)||Dean Lampkin (AUS)|| Graham Campbell (SCO)|
James Kendrick (CAN)
|Heavyweight||Elvis Gordon (ENG)||Tom Greenway (CAN)||Wayne Watson (NZL)|
|Open||Elvis Gordon (ENG)||Mario Laroche (CAN)|| Graham Campbell (SCO)|
Majemite Omagbaluwaje (NGR)
|Extra Lightweight||Karen Briggs (ENG)||Helen Duston (WAL)|| Julie Reardon (AUS)|
Donna Robertson (SCO)
|Half Lightweight||Sharon Rendle (ENG)||Claire Shiach (SCO)|| Catherine Grainger (AUS)|
Lisa Griffiths (WAL)
|Lightweight||Loretta Cusack (SCO)||Suzanne Williams (AUS)|| Ann Hughes (ENG)|
Moira Sutton (WAL)
|Half Middleweight||Diane Bell (ENG)||Donna Guy-Halkyard (NZL)|| Mandy Clayton (CAN)|
Laurie Pace (MLT)
|Middleweight||Sharon Mills (ENG)||Karen Hayde (CAN)|| Narelle Hill (AUS)|
Joyce Malley (NIR)
|Half Heavyweight||Jane Morris (ENG)||Alison Webb (CAN)|| Phillipa Knowles (WAL)|
Christy Obekpa (NGR)
|Heavyweight||Sharon Lee (ENG)||Geraldine Dekker (AUS)|| Ruth Vondy (IOM)|
Linda Konkol (CAN)
|Open||Sharon Lee (ENG)||Jane Patterson (CAN)|| Geraldine Dekker (AUS)|
Nicola Morris (NZL)
|Free Pistol||Phil Adams (AUS)||554||Bengt Sandstrom (AUS)||549||Gilbert U (HKG)||549|
|Free Pistol - Pairs|| Australia |
|1106|| New Zealand |
|1084|| Bangladesh |
|Centre-Fire Pistol||Ashok Pandit (IND)||583||Surinder Marwah (IND)||577||Bruce Quick (AUS)||576|
|Centre-Fire Pistol - Pairs|| Australia |
|1155|| New Zealand |
|1144|| India |
|Rapid-Fire Pistol||Adrian Breton (GGY)||583||Pat Murray (AUS)||582||Michael Jay (WAL)||579|
|Rapid-Fire Pistol - Pairs|| Australia |
|1153|| Canada |
|1138|| England |
|Air Pistol||Bengt Sandström (AUS)||580||Phil Adams (AUS)||574||David Lowe (ENG)||574|
|Air Pistol - Pairs|| Bangladesh |
|1138|| Australia |
|1138|| New Zealand |
|Small Bore Rifle, Prone||Roger Harvey (NZL)||591||Stephen Petterson (NZL)||590||Philip Scanlan (ENG)||590|
|Small Bore Rifle, Prone - Pairs|| New Zealand |
|1185|| Canada |
|1184|| England |
|Small Bore Rifle, Three Positions||Mart Klepp (CAN)||1157||Malcolm Cooper (ENG)||1154||Soma Dutta (IND)||1143|
|Small Bore Rifle, Three Positions - Pairs|| Canada |
|2272|| England |
|2268|| Scotland |
|Full Bore Rifle||Colin Mallett (JER)||394||Andrew Tucker (ENG)||390||James Corbett (AUS)||390|
|Full Bore Rifle - Pairs|| England |
|580|| Australia |
|565|| Jersey |
|Air Rifle||Guy Lorion (CAN)||583||Chris Hector (ENG)||578||Mart Klepp (CAN)||577|
|Air Rifle - Pairs|| Canada |
|1163|| England |
|1155|| India |
|Running Target||Colin Robertson (AUS)||539||John Maddison (ENG)||539||Tony Clarke (NZL)||535|
|Running Target - Pairs|| New Zealand |
|1091|| Canada |
|1070|| England |
|Trap||John Maxwell (AUS)||184||Kevin Gill (ENG)||183||Ian Peel (ENG)||179|
|Trap - Pairs|| England |
|181|| Wales |
|178|| Australia |
|Skeet||Ken Harman (ENG)||187||Georgios Sakellis (CYP)||187||Andy Austin (ENG)||184|
|Skeet - Pairs|| Scotland |
|189|| England |
|185|| New Zealand |
|Flyweight - Snatch||Chandersekaran Raghavan (IND)||105||Velu Govindraj (IND)||95||Greg Hayman (AUS)||90|
|Flyweight - Clean and Jerk||Chandersekaran Raghavan (IND)||127.5||Greg Hayman (AUS)||117.5||Velu Govindraj (IND)||117.5|
|Flyweight - Overall||Chandersekaran Raghavan (IND)||232.5||Velu Govindraj (IND)||212.5||Greg Hayman (AUS)||207.5|
|Bantamweight - Snatch||Rangaswamy Punnuswamy (IND)||110||Alan Ogilvie (SCO)||107.5||Denis Aumais (CAN)||102.5|
|Bantamweight - Clean and Jerk||Rangaswamy Punnuswamy (IND)||137.5||Gopal Maruthachelam (IND)||125||Alan Ogilvie (SCO)||122.5|
|Bantamweight - Overall||Rangaswamy Punnuswamy (IND)||247.5||Alan Ogilvie (SCO)||230||Gopal Maruthachelam (IND)||227.5|
|Featherweight - Snatch||Marcus Stephen (NRU)||112.5||Parvesh Chander Sharma (IND)||112.5||Kumarasan Sudalaimani (IND)||110|
|Featherweight - Clean and Jerk||Parvesh Chander Sharma (IND)||145||Marcus Stephen (NRU)||142.5||Kumarasan Sudalaimani (IND)||142.5|
|Featherweight - Overall||Parvesh Chander Sharma (IND)||257.5||Marcus Stephen (NRU)||255||Kumarasan Sudalaimani (IND)||252.5|
|Lightweight - Snatch||Paramjit Sharma (IND)||130||Lawrence Iquaibom (NGR)||130||Mark Blair (AUS)||127.5|
|Lightweight - Clean and Jerk||Paramjit Sharma (IND)||165||Lawrence Iquaibom (NGR)||160||Mark Roach (WAL)||155|
|Lightweight - Overall||Paramjit Sharma (IND)||295||Lawrence Iquaibom (NGR)||290||Mark Roach (WAL)||280|
|Middleweight - Snatch||Karnadhar Mondal (IND)||135||Karl Jones (WAL)||135||Ron Laycock (AUS)||132.5|
|Middleweight - Clean and Jerk||Ron Laycock (AUS)||177.5||Karnadhar Mondal (IND)||170||Damian Brown (AUS)||167.5|
|Middleweight - Overall||Ron Laycock (AUS)||310||Karnadhar Mondal (IND)||305||Benoît Gagné (CAN)||292.5|
|Light Heavyweight - Snatch||David Morgan (WAL)||155||Muyiwa Odusanya (NGR)||152.5||Sylvain Leblanc (CAN)||145|
|Light Heavyweight - Clean and Jerk||David Morgan (WAL)||192.5||Soronomathu Ramaswamy (IND)||182.5||Muyiwa Odusanya (NGR)||180|
|Light Heavyweight - Overall||David Morgan (WAL)||347.5||Muyiwa Odusanya (NGR)||332.5||Andy Callard (ENG)||317.5|
|Middle Heavyweight - Snatch||Duncan Dawkins (ENG)||162.5||Keith Boxell (ENG)||152.5||Harvey Goodman (AUS)||150|
|Middle Heavyweight - Clean and Jerk||Duncan Dawkins (ENG)||195||Keith Boxell (ENG)||192.5||Harvey Goodman (AUS)||190|
|Middle Heavyweight - Overall||Duncan Dawkins (ENG)||357.5||Keith Boxell (ENG)||345||Harvey Goodman (AUS)||340|
|Sub Heavyweight - Snatch||Andrew Saxton (ENG)||165||Peter May (ENG)||145||Guy Greavette (CAN)||140|
|Sub Heavyweight - Clean and Jerk||Andrew Saxton (ENG)||197.5||Peter May (ENG)||175||Guy Greavette (CAN)||175|
|Sub Heavyweight - Overall||Andrew Saxton (ENG)||362.5||Peter May (ENG)||320||Guy Greavette (CAN)||315|
|Heavyweight - Snatch||Mark Thomas (ENG)||160||Jason Roberts (AUS)||152.5||Steve Wilson (WAL)||152.5|
|Heavyweight - Clean and Jerk||Mark Thomas (ENG)||197.5||Jason Roberts (AUS)||192.5||Aled Arnold (WAL)||187.5|
|Heavyweight - Overall||Mark Thomas (ENG)||357.5||Jason Roberts (AUS)||345||Aled Arnold (WAL)||335|
|Super Heavyweight - Snatch||Andrew Davies (WAL)||180||Aduche Ojadi (NGR)||177.5||Steven Kettner (AUS)||172.5|
|Super Heavyweight - Clean and Jerk||Andrew Davies (WAL)||222.5||Aduche Ojadi (NGR)||222.5||Steven Kettner (AUS)||205|
|Super Heavyweight - Overall||Andrew Davies (WAL)||402.5||Aduche Ojadi (NGR)||400||Steven Kettner (AUS)||377.5|
The Commonwealth Games is an international multi-sport event involving athletes from the Commonwealth of Nations. The event was first held in 1930, and, with the exception of 1942 and 1946, has taken place every four years since then. The Commonwealth Games were known as the British Empire Games from 1930 to 1950, the British Empire and Commonwealth Games from 1954 to 1966, and British Commonwealth Games from 1970 to 1974. Athletes with a disability are also included as full members of their national teams, making the Commonwealth Games the first fully inclusive international multi-sport event. It is also the world's first multi-sport event which inducts equal number of women's and men's medal events and was implemented recently in the 2018 Commonwealth Games. With such unique features, the World Economic Forum called the event inspiring and significant.
The 2002 Commonwealth Games, officially known as the XVII Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Manchester 2002 were held in Manchester, England, from 25 July to 4 August 2002. The 2002 Games were to be hosted in the United Kingdom to coincide with the Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II, head of the Commonwealth, and Manchester was selected for the 2002 Games ahead of London. The 2002 Commonwealth Games was, prior to the 2012 Summer Olympics, the largest multi-sport event ever to be held in the UK, eclipsing the London 1948 Summer Olympics in numbers of teams and athletes participating. In terms of sports and events, the 2002 Games were the largest Commonwealth Games in history featuring 281 events across 17 sports.
The 2006 Commonwealth Games, officially the XVIII Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Melbourne 2006, was an international multi-sport event for members of the Commonwealth held in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia between 15 and 26 March 2006. It was the fourth time Australia had hosted the Commonwealth Games. It was also the largest sporting event to be staged in Melbourne, eclipsing the 1956 Summer Olympics in terms of the number of teams competing, athletes competing, and events being held.
The 2010 Commonwealth Games, officially known as the XIX Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Delhi 2010, was an international multi-sport event that was held in Delhi, India, from 3 to 14 October 2010. A total of 4352 athletes from 71 Commonwealth nations and dependencies competed in 21 sports and 272 events, making it the largest Commonwealth Games to date. It was also the largest international multi-sport event to be staged in Delhi and India, eclipsing the Asian Games in 1951 and 1982. The opening and closing ceremonies were held at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, the main stadium of the event.
The 1998 Commonwealth Games(Malay: Sukan Komanwel 1998), officially known as the XVI Commonwealth Games(Malay: Sukan Komanwel ke-16), was a multi-sport event held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. This edition is marked by several unprecedented facts in the history of the event. The 1998 games were the first held in an Asian country and the last Commonwealth Games of the 20th century. This was also the first time the games took place in a nation with a head of state other than the Head of the Commonwealth, and the first time the games were held in a country whose majority of the population did not have English as the first language. For the first time ever, the games included team sports. The other bid from the 1998 games came from Adelaide in Australia. Malaysia was the eighth nation to host the Commonwealth Games after Canada, England, Australia, New Zealand, Wales, Jamaica and Scotland. Around 3638 athletes from 69 Commonwealth member nations participated at the games which featured 214 events in 15 sports with 34 of them collected medals.
The monarchy of New Zealand is the constitutional system of government in which a hereditary monarch is the sovereign and head of state of New Zealand. The current monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, ascended the throne on the death of her father, King George VI, on 6 February 1952. Elizabeth's eldest son, Charles, Prince of Wales, is heir apparent.
The 1974 British Commonwealth Games were held in Christchurch, New Zealand from 24 January to 2 February 1974. The bid vote was held in Edinburgh at the 1970 British Commonwealth Games. The Games were officially named "the friendly games". There were 1,276 competitors and 372 officials, according to the official history, and public attendance was excellent. The main venue was the QEII Park, purpose built for this event. The Athletics Stadium and fully covered Olympic standard pool, diving tank, and practice pools were all on the one site. The theme song was "Join Together", sung by Steve Allen. The Games were held after the 1974 Commonwealth Paraplegic Games in Dunedin for wheelchair athletes.
The 1982 Commonwealth Games were held in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia from 30 September to 9 October 1982. The Opening Ceremony was held at the QEII Stadium, in the Brisbane suburb of Nathan. The QEII Stadium was also the venue which was used for the athletics and archery competitions during the Games. Other events were held at the purpose-built Sleeman Sports Complex in Chandler.
The 2009 Southeast Asian Games, officially known as the 25th Southeast Asian Games, was a Southeast Asian multi-sport event hosted by Vientiane, Laos. This was the first time Laos had held the Southeast Asian Games as Laos had previously declined hosting the 1965 Southeast Asian Peninsular Games, citing financial difficulties. This was also the first time the Southeast Asian Games was held in a landlocked country.
The 2008 Commonwealth Youth Games were held in Pune, India, a city in the state of Maharashtra. They were the third Commonwealth Youth Games, which are held every four years; they were the first Commonwealth Youth Games to be held in Asia.
The Opening Ceremony of the 2006 Commonwealth Games was held on 15 March 2006 at the Melbourne Cricket Ground in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. The ceremony was conceived and produced by Jack Morton Worldwide
The Opening Ceremony of the 1982 Commonwealth Games was held on 30 September 1982 at the QEII Stadium in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
The Closing Ceremony of the 2006 Commonwealth Games was held at the Melbourne Cricket Ground in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia on 26 March 2006.
The 2007 South Pacific Games were held in Apia, Samoa, from 25 August to 8 September 2007. The Games were the thirteenth to be held since the inception of the South Pacific Games in 1963, and included traditional multi-sport event disciplines, such as athletics and swimming, alongside region-specific and smaller events such as outrigger canoeing, surfing and lawn bowls.
The 2018 Commonwealth Games, officially known as the XXI Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Gold Coast 2018, was an international multi-sport event for members of the Commonwealth that were held on the Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, between 4 and 15 April 2018. It was the fifth time Australia had hosted the Commonwealth Games and the first time a major multi-sport event achieved gender equality by having an equal number of events for male and female athletes.
New Zealand had a team of 224 competitors and 61 officials to the 1990 Commonwealth Games, which were held in Auckland, New Zealand. The games were part of New Zealand's 1990 sesquicentennial celebrations.
The closing ceremony of the 2010 Commonwealth Games was held at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, the main stadium of the event, in New Delhi, India. It began at 7:00 pm (IST) on 14 October 2010 and ended at 9:20 pm (IST). The ceremony included display of martial arts from a number of states of India followed by musical performances and showcasing the culture of Scotland, which will host the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow.
The opening ceremony for the 2014 Commonwealth Games was held at Celtic Park in Glasgow, Scotland, between 21:00 and 23:40 BST, on 23 July 2014.
The opening ceremony for the 2018 Commonwealth Games took place on the evening of Wednesday 4 April in the Carrara Stadium, Gold Coast. As mandated by the Commonwealth Games Charter, the proceedings of the ceremony combined the formal opening of the sporting event with an artistic performance to showcase the host nation's culture. The 2018 Games were formally opened by Charles, Prince of Wales. Jack Morton Worldwide was given the contract to produce the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2018 Commonwealth Games. The theme of the opening ceremony was Hello Earth and directed by David Zolkwer.
The opening ceremony of the 2015 Southeast Asian Games was held on Friday, 5 June 2015, beginning at 20:15 SST (UTC+8) at the National Stadium in Singapore, the first major opening ceremony for a sporting event in the new venue.
The Bateman New Zealand Encyclopedia
| Commonwealth Games |
XIV Commonwealth Games