1993–94 South Pacific cyclone season

Last updated
1993–94 South Pacific cyclone season
1993-1994 South Pacific cyclone season summary.jpg
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formedDecember 26, 1993
Last system dissipatedApril 25, 1994
Strongest storm
NameTheodore
  Maximum winds175 km/h (110 mph)
(10-minute sustained)
  Lowest pressure930 hPa (mbar)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions7
Tropical cyclones5
Severe tropical cyclones4
Total fatalitiesNone reported
Total damageUnknown
Related articles
South Pacific tropical cyclone seasons
1991–92, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1994–95, 1995–96

The 1993–94 South Pacific cyclone season was a near average tropical cyclone season with five tropical cyclones occurring within the South Pacific to the east of 160°E. The season officially ran from November 1, 1993, to April 30, 1994, with the first disturbance of the season forming on December 26 and the last disturbance dissipating on April 25.

Contents

During the season, tropical cyclones were officially monitored by the Regional Specialized Meteorological Center (RSMC) in Nadi, Fiji, and the Tropical Cyclone Warning Centers (TCWC) in Brisbane, Australia and Wellington, New Zealand. [1] Throughout the season the United States Navy also monitored the basin and issued unofficial warnings, through its Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) and Naval Western and Oceanography Center (NWOC). [2] Tropical cyclones that were located between 160°E and 120°W as well as the Equator and 25°S were monitored by RSMC Nadi while any that were located to the south of 25°S between 160°E and 120°W were monitored by TCWC Wellington. [1] During the season the JTWC issued warnings on any tropical cyclone that was located between 160°E and 180° while the NPMOC issued warnings for tropical cyclones forming between the 180° and the American coast. RSMC Nadi and TCWC Wellington both used the Australian Tropical Cyclone Intensity Scale, and measured windspeeds over a 10-minute period during the season, while the JTWC and the NPMOC measured sustained windspeeds over a 1 -minute period. [1] [2]

Seasonal summary

Cyclone RewaTropical cyclone scales#Comparisons across basins1993-94 South Pacific cyclone season

Systems

Severe Tropical Cyclone Rewa

Category 3 severe tropical cyclone (Australian scale)
Category 2 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Rewa jan 16 1994 0555Z.jpg   Rewa 1993 track.png
DurationDecember 26 – January 23
Peak intensity150 km/h (90 mph) (10-min)  950  hPa  (mbar)

Early on December 26, the JTWC started to monitor a tropical disturbance that had developed about 575 km (355 mi) to the south-east of Nauru. [3] Over the next couple of days the disturbance gradually developed as it moved towards the south-southwest under the influence of a north-easterly flow. [4] Early on December 28, TCWC Nadi started to monitor the disturbance as a tropical depression. [5] Later that day, the JTWC classified the depression as Tropical Cyclone 05P, before TCWC Nadi reported that the system had intensified into a category 1 tropical cyclone on the Australian tropical cyclone intensity scale and named it Rewa. [5] [6] [7] Over the next few days, the system gradually intensified under the influence of favourable upper-level winds while it moved towards the south-southwest, passing through the Solomon Islands on December 29 and affecting the southeastern islands of Papua New Guinea. [4] [8] As it moved through the Solomon Islands, Rewa moved out of the South Pacific basin and into the Australian region. [5]

After affecting New Caledonia, Rewa weakened into a tropical depression and moved towards the northwest over the next few days, before re-entering the Australian basin during January 10 and started to show signs of reintensification. Over the next few days the cyclone moved towards the north north-west and started to affect Papua New Guinea for the second time before it was renamed Rewa during January 13 while it recurved and started to move towards the south-west. Over the next few days the cyclone continued to move to the south-east towards the South Pacific basin, before as it peaked in intensity on January 16 as a category 5 severe tropical cyclone, Rewa turned and started to move towards the south-west. Over the next few days, the cyclone gradually weakened while it moved towards the south-west and a predicted landfall near Mackay in Queensland. However, during January 18, Rewa interacted with an upper level trough and as a result turned and started to move towards the south-east along the Queensland coast. Rewa then degenerated into an extratropical cyclone during January 20, with its remnants last noted bringing heavy rain to New Zealand on January 23.

Tropical Cyclone 07P

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone south.svg   07P 1994 track.png
DurationJanuary 6 – January 8
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (1-min)  1002  hPa  (mbar)

On January 6, the NPMOC reported that Tropical Cyclone 07P, had developed out of an area of low pressure, that had persisted for several days near Fiji with peak windspeeds of 55 km/h (35 mph) equivalent to a tropical depression. During the next day the depression remained broad and poorly organized as it moved towards the southeast. Later that day 07P moved across Tonga's northern islands, before the NPMOC issued their final advisory on January 8 as the system weakened into a remnant low. [9] [10]

Severe Tropical Cyclone Sarah

Category 4 severe tropical cyclone (Australian scale)
Category 3 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Sarah Jan 25 1994 0546Z.png   Sarah 1994 track.png
DurationJanuary 22 – February 4
Peak intensity165 km/h (105 mph) (10-min)  945  hPa  (mbar)

On January 18, a weak low pressure area developed to the north of Fiji, within a trough of low pressure that extended from a weakening Cyclone Rewa to the northwest of Fiji. Over the next few days the low moved towards the west and passed between the Vanuation islands of Vila and Santo on January 21. Once the low had moved into the Coral Sea it started to rapidly develop further, with both RSMC Nadi and the JTWC reporting early on January 22, that the low had developed into a tropical cyclone, with the latter naming it Sarah.

Severe Tropical Cyclone Theodore

Category 4 severe tropical cyclone (Australian scale)
Category 4 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Theodore Feb 26 1994 0556Z.png   Theodore 1994 track.png
DurationFebruary 26 – March 3
Peak intensity185 km/h (115 mph) (10-min)  933  hPa  (mbar)

Severe Tropical Cyclone Theodore existed from February 26 to March 3.

Severe Tropical Cyclone Tomas

Category 3 severe tropical cyclone (Australian scale)
Category 3 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Thomas Mar 25 1994 0525Z.png   Tomas 1994 track.png
DurationMarch 19 – March 27
Peak intensity155 km/h (100 mph) (10-min)  955  hPa  (mbar)

Severe Tropical Cyclone Tomas existed from March 19 to March 27.

Tropical Cyclone Usha

Category 2 tropical cyclone (Australian scale)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Temporary cyclone south.svg   Usha 1994 track.png
DurationMarch 25 – April 4
Peak intensity95 km/h (60 mph) (10-min)  980  hPa  (mbar)

Late on March 24, the newly developed Tropical Cyclone Usha, moved into the South Pacific basin as a category 1 tropical cyclone. [6]

Tropical Depression 29P

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Tropical Cyclone 29P 1993-94.png   29P 1994 track.png
DurationApril 24 – April 25
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (1-min)  1000  hPa  (mbar)

On April 20, the JTWC started to monitor an area of low pressure that located over the Solomon Islands about 155 km (95 mi) to the north of Honiara. [11] During that day the disturbance moved towards the southeast and passed over several of the Solomon Islands, before emerging into the Australian basin. [11] Over the next couple of days the disturbance gradually developed further while moving towards the southwest before re-curving and moving southeastwards. [11] On April 24, as it moved back into the South Pacific basin, the JTWC initiated advisories on the disturbance, designating it as Tropical Cyclone 29P, with peak windspeeds equivalent to a tropical depression. [11] [12] As the system was classified, it recurved again and started to move slowly towards the northwest, and started to feel the effects of a high amount of vertical windshear. [11] [12] As a result of the windshear, the center became exposed and displaced from the deep convection before the JTWC issued their final advisory on April 25 as 29P weakened into an area of low pressure, before dissipating later that day about 600 km (375 mi) to the southwest of Honiara. [11] [12]

Season effects

This table lists all the storms that developed in the South Pacific basin during the 1993–94 season. It includes their intensity on the Australian Tropical cyclone intensity scale, duration, name, areas affected, deaths, and damages. For most storms the data is taken from TCWC Nadi and Wellingtons archives, however data for 07P and 29P has been taken from the JTWC and the NPMOC archives as opposed to TCWC Nadi, Brisbane and Wellingtons, and thus the winds are over 1-minute as opposed to 10-minutes.

NameDates active Peak classification Sustained
wind speeds
PressureAreas affectedDamage
(USD)
DeathsRefs
RewaDecember 26 - January 23Category 3 severe tropical cyclone150 km/h (90 mph)950 hPa (28.06 inHg)Melanesia, Australia, New ZealandUnknown22
07PJanuary 6–8Tropical Depression55 km/h (35 mph)1000 hPa (29.53 inHg)Solomon IslandsNoneNone
SarahJanuary 18 – February 4Category 4 severe tropical cyclone165 km/h (105 mph)945 hPa (27.91 inHg)
TheodoreFebruary 26 – March 3Category 4 severe tropical cyclone185 km/h (115 mph)933 hPa (27.55 inHg)
TomasMarch 19 – 27Category 3 severe tropical cyclone155 km/h (100 mph)955 hPa (28.20 inHg)
UshaMarch 22 – April 4Category 2 tropical cyclone95 km/h (60 mph)980 hPa (28.94 inHg)
29PApril 24–25Tropical Depression55 km/h (35 mph)1000 hPa (29.53 inHg)Solomon IslandsNoneNone
Season aggregates
7 systemsDecember 26 – April 25185 km/h (115 mph)933 hPa (27.55 inHg)

See also

Notes

    Related Research Articles

    2007–08 South Pacific cyclone season cyclone season in the South Pacific ocean

    The 2007–08 South Pacific cyclone season was one of the least active South Pacific tropical cyclone season's on record, with only four tropical cyclones occurring within the South Pacific basin to the east of 160°E. The season officially ran from November 1, 2007 until April 30, 2008, although the first cyclone, Tropical Depression 01F, developed on October 17. The most intense tropical cyclone of the season was Severe Tropical Cyclone Daman, which reached a minimum pressure of 925 hPa (27.32 inHg) as it affected Fiji. After the season had ended, the names Daman, Funa, and Gene were retired from the tropical cyclone naming lists.

    1997–98 South Pacific cyclone season cyclone season in the South Pacific ocean

    The 1997–98 South Pacific cyclone season was the most active South Pacific tropical cyclone season on record, with 16 tropical cyclones occurring within the South Pacific basin between 160°E and 120°W. The season started earlier than normal with 3 systems developing before the official start of the season on November 1, 1997, while the final system of the season dissipated on May 3, 1998, after the season had officially ended on April 30. During the season 50 people died as a result of tropical cyclones, with the deadliest being Cyclone Martin with 27 known deaths. The strongest tropical cyclones during the season were Cyclone Ron and Cyclone Susan as both were estimated to have minimum pressures of 900 hPa (26.58 inHg), and were the most intense tropical cyclones on record in the South Pacific Ocean until Cyclone Zoe in 2002–03. After the season ended, 11 names had their names either removed or retired from the lists of names, after they caused significant impacts to South Pacific islands.

    2008–09 South Pacific cyclone season cyclone season in the South Pacific ocean

    The 2008–09 South Pacific cyclone season was a below average tropical cyclone season, which featured six named tropical cyclones compared to an average of about nine. Ahead of the season officially starting on November 1, 2008, the Island Climate Update tropical cyclone outlook predicted that the season, would feature an average risk of tropical cyclones impacting the South Pacific between 160°E and 120°W. The first tropical disturbance of the season developed to the northeast of the Samoan Islands on December 1, however, it remained weak and was last noted during the next day.

    Cyclone Gene Category 3 South Pacific cyclone in 2008

    Severe Tropical Cyclone Gene was the deadliest storm as well as the most damaging tropical cyclone of the 2007–08 South Pacific cyclone season east of 160ºE. RSMC Nadi monitored Gene as the 12th tropical disturbance, as well as the fourth tropical cyclone and the third severe tropical cyclone to form west of 160ºE during the 2007–08 South Pacific cyclone season. Gene was also recognised by RSMC Nadi as the fifth tropical cyclone and fourth severe tropical cyclone to form within the South Pacific Ocean during the 2007-08 season.

    1998–99 South Pacific cyclone season cyclone season in the South Pacific ocean

    The 1998–99 South Pacific cyclone season was a near average South Pacific tropical cyclone season, with 8 tropical cyclones occurring within the South Pacific Ocean basin between 160°E and 120°W. Despite the season starting on November 1, the first tropical system of the season did not form until December 1, while the final disturbance of the season dissipated on May 27, 1999. During the season the most intense tropical cyclone was Severe Tropical Cyclone Cora, which had a minimum pressure of 930 hPa (27.46 inHg). After the season had ended the names Cora and Dani were retired from the naming lists, after they had caused significant impacts to South Pacific islands.

    Timeline of the 2008–09 South Pacific cyclone season timeline

    The 2008–09 South Pacific cyclone season was a below-average season with only six tropical cyclones occurring within the South Pacific between 160°E and 120°W. The season officially ran from November 1, 2008 to April 30, 2009 with the first disturbance of the season forming on December 1 and the last disturbance moving out of the region on April 11.

    1992–93 South Pacific cyclone season cyclone season in the South Pacific ocean

    The 1992–93 South Pacific cyclone season was an above-average tropical cyclone season with ten tropical cyclones occurring within the South Pacific to the east of 160°E. The season officially ran from November 1, 1992, to April 30, 1993, with the first disturbance of the season forming on December 3 and the last disturbance dissipating on April 6.

    1981–82 South Pacific cyclone season

    The 1981–82 South Pacific cyclone season was a slightly-below average South Pacific tropical cyclone season, with 6 tropical cyclones occurring within the South Pacific Ocean basin between 160°E and 120°W during the season. After this season, the names Gyan and Isaac were retired from the lists of names, after they caused significant impacts to South Pacific island nations.

    1996–97 South Pacific cyclone season cyclone season in the South Pacific ocean

    The 1996–97 South Pacific cyclone season was one of the most active and longest South Pacific tropical cyclone seasons on record, with 12 tropical cyclones occurring within the South Pacific basin between 160°E and 120°W. The season officially ran from November 1, 1996 - April 30, 1997, however, the season ended later than normal with three systems monitored after the official end of the season. The strongest tropical cyclone of the season was Cyclone Gavin which had a minimum pressure of 925 hPa (27.32 inHg). After the season had ended 4 tropical cyclone names were retired from the naming lists, after the cyclones had caused significant impacts to South Pacific islands.

    1993–94 Australian region cyclone season cyclone season in the Australian region

    The 1993–94 Australian region cyclone season was a slightly above average Australian cyclone season. It was also an event in the ongoing cycle of tropical cyclone formation. It ran from 1 November 1993 to 30 April 1994. The regional tropical cyclone operational plan also defines a tropical cyclone year separately from a tropical cyclone season, and the "tropical cyclone year" ran from 1 July 1993 to 30 June 1994.

    2010–11 South Pacific cyclone season cyclone season in the South Pacific ocean

    The 2010–11 South Pacific cyclone season was an average tropical cyclone season, with seven tropical cyclones and five severe tropical cyclones developing during the season. The season ran from November 1, 2010 until April 30, 2011, though if any tropical cyclones had developed between July 1, 2010 and June 30, 2011, the official tropical cyclone year, they would have been counted towards the season's total. Within the South Pacific basin tropical cyclones were officially monitored by the Fiji Meteorological Service's Regional Specialized Meteorological Center in Nadi, Fiji, north of 25°S, and to the south the Meteorological Service of New Zealand's Tropical Cyclone Warning Center in Wellington, New Zealand. Any disturbances forming in the region were designated with a sequential number suffixed by the letter F. In addition, the United States Military's Joint Typhoon Warning Center unofficially monitored parts of the basin during the season, where any systems judged to have achieved tropical storm strength or greater received a number suffixed with the letter P. RSMC Nadi and TCWC Wellington both use the Australian Tropical Cyclone Intensity Scale, and measure wind speeds over a period of ten minutes, while the JTWC measures sustained winds over a period of one minute which can be applied to the Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale. Seven named storms formed or moved into the South Pacific basin during the 2010–11 season, the strongest of which was Severe Tropical Cyclone Wilma in late January.

    2011–12 South Pacific cyclone season cyclone season in the South Pacific ocean

    The 2011–12 South Pacific cyclone season was one of the least active South Pacific tropical cyclone seasons on record, with only three tropical cyclones occurring during the season. The season ran from November 1, 2011 to April 30, 2012, however, any tropical cyclones that form before June 30, 2012 would have fallen within the 2011–12 tropical cyclone year and would have counted towards the season total. The strongest and only severe tropical cyclone that occurred during the season was Severe Tropical Cyclone Jasmine, which tracked in from out of the South Pacific basin. Within the basin, tropical cyclones are monitored by the Regional Specialized Meteorological Center (RSMC) in Nadi, Fiji, and the Tropical Cyclone Warning Center (TCWC) in Wellington, New Zealand. RSMC Nadi attaches an F designation to tropical disturbances that form in or move into the South Pacific. The United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) issues unofficial warnings within the South Pacific, designating tropical storm-equivalent or greater tropical cyclones with a number and a P suffix. RSMC Nadi and TCWC Wellington both use the Australian Tropical Cyclone Intensity Scale, and measure windspeeds over a period of ten minutes, while the JTWC measures sustained winds over a period of one minute and uses the Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale.

    1989–90 South Pacific cyclone season cyclone season in the South Pacific ocean

    The 1989–90 South Pacific cyclone season was a below-average season with only five tropical cyclones occurring within the South Pacific to the east of 160°E. The season officially ran from November 1, 1989, to April 30, 1990, with the first disturbance of the season forming on November 8 and the last disturbance dissipating on March 19. This is the period of the year when most tropical cyclones form within the South Pacific Ocean.

    Timeline of the 1990–91 South Pacific cyclone season

    The 1990–91 South Pacific cyclone season was a below-average season; only two tropical cyclones occurred within the South Pacific to the east of 160°E. The season officially ran from November 1, 1990, to April 30, 1991, but the first disturbance of the season formed on November 23 and the last dissipated on May 19. This is the period of the year when most tropical cyclones form within the South Pacific Ocean. During the season, no one was killed from tropical disturbances within the South Pacific. However, six people were killed by Cyclone Joy when it made landfall on Australia. The only tropical cyclone to cause any damage while within this basin was Sina, which caused at least $18.5 million (1991 USD) worth of damage to Fiji and Tonga. As a result of the impacts of both Joy and Sina, the names were retired from the tropical cyclone naming lists.

    1994–95 South Pacific cyclone season cyclone season in the South Pacific ocean

    The 1994–95 South Pacific cyclone season was one of the least active South Pacific tropical cyclone season's on record, with only two tropical cyclones officially occurring within the South Pacific Ocean basin between 160°E and 120°W. The season ran from November 1, 1994, until April 30, 1995, with the first disturbance of the season developing on November 12 and the last disturbance dissipating on March 17. The most intense tropical cyclone during the season was Tropical Cyclone William, which affected the Cook Islands. After the season the name William was retired from the tropical cyclone naming lists.

    1995–96 South Pacific cyclone season cyclone season in the South Pacific ocean

    The 1995–96 South Pacific cyclone season was one of the least active South Pacific tropical cyclone season's on record, with only four tropical cyclones occurring within the South Pacific Ocean to the east of 160°E. The season officially ran from November 1, 1995, until April 30, 1996. The first storm developed on January 12, while the last one dissipated on April 2. During the season the most intense tropical cyclone was Severe Tropical Cyclone Beti, which reached a minimum pressure of 935 hPa (27.61 inHg) as it affected New Caledonia. After the season ended Beti's name was the only name to be retired from the tropical cyclone naming lists and was replaced with Bune, after it inflicted over 5.6 million (USD) worth of damage to Australia, Vanuatu, New Caledonia and New Zealand.

    2014–15 South Pacific cyclone season

    The 2014–15 South Pacific cyclone season was a slightly-below average tropical cyclone season, with five tropical cyclones occurring within the basin between 160°E and 120°W. The season officially ran from November 1, 2014 to April 30, 2015. During the season, tropical cyclones were officially monitored by the Regional Specialized Meteorological Center (RSMC) in Nadi, Fiji and the Tropical Cyclone Warning Centers in Brisbane, Australia and Wellington, New Zealand. The United States Armed Forces through the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) also monitored the basin and issued unofficial warnings for American interests. RSMC Nadi attaches a number and an F suffix to tropical disturbances that form in or move into the basin while the JTWC designates significant tropical cyclones with a number and a P suffix. RSMC Nadi, TCWC Wellington and TCWC Brisbane all use the Australian Tropical Cyclone Intensity Scale and estimate windspeeds over a period of ten minutes, while the JTWC estimated sustained winds over a 1-minute period, which are subsequently compared to the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale (SSHWS).

    1984–85 South Pacific cyclone season cyclone season in the South Pacific ocean

    The 1984–85 South Pacific cyclone season was an above-average tropical cyclone season, with nine tropical cyclones occurring within the basin between 160°E and 120°W. The season ran from November 1, 1984, to April 30, 1985, with tropical cyclones officially monitored by the Fiji Meteorological Service (FMS), Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BoM) and New Zealand's MetService. The United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) and other national meteorological services including Météo-France and NOAA also monitored the basin during the season. During the season there was nine tropical cyclones occurring within the basin, including three that moved into the basin from the Australian region. The BoM, MetService and RSMC Nadi all estimated sustained wind speeds over a period of 10-minutes, which are subsequently compared to the Australian tropical cyclone intensity scale, while the JTWC estimated sustained winds over a 1-minute period, which are subsequently compared to the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale (SSHWS).

    1985–86 South Pacific cyclone season cyclone season in the South Pacific ocean

    The 1985–86 South Pacific cyclone season was an average tropical cyclone season, in terms of tropical cyclone formation, with ten tropical cyclones occurring within the basin between 160°E and 120°W. The season ran from February 5, 1985, to May 22, 1986, with tropical cyclones officially monitored by the Fiji Meteorological Service (FMS), Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BoM) and New Zealand's MetService. The United States Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) and other national meteorological services including Météo-France and NOAA also monitored the basin during the season. During the season there was nine tropical cyclones occurring within the basin, including three that moved into the basin from the Australian region.

    Cyclone Freda

    Severe Tropical Cyclone Freda was an intense tropical cyclone that developed during the 2012–13 South Pacific cyclone season and affected New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands as a weak tropical cyclone. The system that was to become Cyclone Freda was first classified on December 26, 2012, as a tropical disturbance. It gradually developed and was classified as a tropical cyclone and named Freda as it passed through the Solomon Islands on December 28.

    References

    1. 1 2 3 Unattributed (1999). "Tropical Cyclone Operational Plan for the South Pacific and South-East Indian Ocean". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 2008-08-15.
    2. 1 2 Unattributed (1998). "1996 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). Joint Typhoon Warning Center. p. 240. Retrieved 2011-06-16.
    3. Naval Pacific Meteorology and Oceanography Center, Joint Typhoon Warning Center (December 17, 2002). "JTWC Tropical Cyclone 05P (Rewa) Best Track Analysis". United States Navy, United States Air Force. Retrieved August 17, 2011.
    4. 1 2 Darwin Regional Specialised Meteorological Centre (1994). "December 1993" (PDF). Darwin Tropical Diagnostic Statement. Australian Bureau of Meteorology. 12 (12): 3. ISSN   1321-4233 . Retrieved January 11, 2012.
    5. 1 2 3 Hanstrum, B.N.; Smith K.J.; Bate P.W. (June 2, 1996). "The South Pacific and Southeast Indian Ocean Tropical Cyclone Season 1993–94" (PDF). Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Journal. Australian Bureau of Meteorology (45): 137–147. Retrieved August 17, 2011.
    6. 1 2 MetService (May 22, 2009). "TCWC Wellington Best Track Data 1967–2006". International Best Track Archive for Climate Stewardship.
    7. Joint Typhoon Warning Center; Naval Pacific Meteorology and Oceanography Center (1995). "1994 Annual Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). United States Navy, United States Air Force. Retrieved August 21, 2011.
    8. Tropical Cyclone Rewa (Individual Tropical Cyclone Reports). Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
    9. Beven, Jack (1994-01-11). "Weekly tropical cyclone summary #127 (January 2  - 9, 1994)" . Retrieved 2011-08-06.
    10. "Tropical Cyclone 07P Best Track Analysis". Joint Typhoon Warning Center. United States Navy. 2001-05-21. Retrieved 2011-08-12.
    11. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Joint Typhoon Warning Center; Naval Pacific Meteorology and Oceanography Center (2001-05-21). "Tropical Cyclone 29P Best Track Analysis". United States Navy, United States Airforce. Retrieved 2011-08-12.
    12. 1 2 3 Roth, David (1994-04-12). "Weekly Tropical Cyclone Summary #140 (April 3 - 10, 1994)" . Retrieved 2011-08-12.