1994 United Kingdom local elections

Last updated
1994 United Kingdom local elections
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
  1993 5 May 1994 1995  

All 32 London boroughs, all 36 metropolitan boroughs,
114 out of 296 English districts and all 12 Scottish regions
 Majority partyMinority partyThird party
  Major PM full (cropped).jpg ASHDOWN Paddy.jpg
Leader John Smith John Major Paddy Ashdown
Party Labour Conservative Liberal Democrats
Leader since18 July 199227 November 199016 July 1988
Percentage40%27%27%
Councillors9,2577,2864,551
Councillors +/-Increase2.svg 44Decrease2.svg 516Increase2.svg 428

Local elections were held in the United Kingdom in 1994. [1] [2] The results showed a continued decline for the governing Conservatives (now in their 15th successive year of government at Westminster), with the third placed party, the Liberal Democrats, as the main beneficiaries.

Contents

The main opposition, the Labour Party, gained 44 seats, bringing their number of councillors to 9,257. Their projected national vote share was 40%, a 1% increase on the 1993 local elections. The Conservative Party lost 516 seats and were left with 7,286 councillors. Their projected national vote share was 27%, a 4% fall since the previous local elections in 1993. The Liberal Democrats gained 428 seats and had 4,551 councillors after the elections. The Liberals received a 27% share of the national vote, a 2% increase on 1993.

This was the last election to be contested by Labour Leader John Smith; he would die less than a week after the local elections.

Summary of results

England

London boroughs

In all 32 London boroughs the whole council was up for election.

CouncilPrevious controlResultDetails
Barking and Dagenham Labour Labour hold Details
Barnet Conservative No overall control gain Details
Bexley Conservative No overall control gain Details
Brent No overall control No overall control hold Details
Bromley Conservative Conservative hold Details
Camden Labour Labour hold Details
Croydon Conservative Labour gain Details
Ealing Conservative Labour gain Details
Enfield Conservative Labour gain Details
Greenwich Labour Labour hold Details
Hackney Labour Labour hold Details
Hammersmith and Fulham Labour Labour hold Details
Haringey Labour Labour hold Details
Harrow Conservative No overall control gain Details
Havering No overall control No overall control hold Details
Hillingdon Conservative Labour gain Details
Hounslow Labour Labour hold Details
Islington Labour Labour hold Details
Kensington and Chelsea Conservative Conservative hold Details
Kingston upon Thames No overall control Liberal Democrats gain Details
Lambeth Labour No overall control gain Details
Lewisham Labour Labour hold Details
Merton Labour Labour hold Details
Newham Labour Labour hold Details
Redbridge Conservative No overall control gain Details
Richmond upon Thames Liberal Democrats Liberal Democrats hold Details
Southwark Labour Labour hold Details
Sutton Liberal Democrats Liberal Democrats hold Details
Tower Hamlets Liberal Democrats Labour gain Details
Waltham Forest Labour No overall control gain Details
Wandsworth Conservative Conservative hold Details
Westminster Conservative Conservative hold Details

Metropolitan boroughs

All 36 metropolitan borough councils had one third of their seats up for election.

CouncilPrevious controlResultDetails
Barnsley Labour Labour hold Details
Birmingham Labour Labour hold Details
Bolton Labour Labour hold Details
Bradford Labour Labour hold Details
Bury No overall control No overall control hold Details
Calderdale No overall control No overall control hold Details
Coventry Labour Labour hold Details
Doncaster Labour Labour hold Details
Dudley No overall control Labour gain Details
Gateshead Labour Labour hold Details
Kirklees Labour No overall control gain Details
Knowsley Labour Labour hold Details
Leeds Labour Labour hold Details
Liverpool No overall control No overall control hold Details
Manchester Labour Labour hold Details
Newcastle upon Tyne Labour Labour hold Details
North Tyneside Labour Labour hold Details
Oldham Labour No overall control gain Details
Rochdale No overall control No overall control hold Details
Rotherham Labour Labour hold Details
Salford Labour Labour hold Details
Sandwell Labour Labour hold Details
Sefton No overall control No overall control hold Details
Sheffield Labour Labour hold Details
Solihull No overall control No overall control hold Details
South Tyneside Labour Labour hold Details
St Helens Labour Labour hold Details
Stockport No overall control No overall control hold Details
Sunderland Labour Labour hold Details
Tameside Labour Labour hold Details
Trafford Conservative Conservative hold Details
Wakefield Labour Labour hold Details
Walsall No overall control No overall control hold Details
Wigan Labour Labour hold Details
Wirral No overall control No overall control hold Details
Wolverhampton No overall control Labour gain Details

District councils

In 114 districts one third of the council was up for election.

These were the last elections to the district councils of Bristol, Hartlepool, Kingston upon Hull and York before they were made unitary authorities by the Local Government Commission for England (1992).

These were also the last elections to the district councils of Bath, Great Grimsby and Scunthorpe before they were abolished and replaced by unitary authorities by the Local Government Commission for England (1992).

CouncilPrevious controlResultDetails
Adur Liberal Democrats Liberal Democrats hold Details
Amber Valley Labour Labour hold Details
Barrow-in-Furness No overall control Labour gain Details
Basildon Conservative No overall control gain Details
Basingstoke and Deane Conservative No overall control gain Details
Bassetlaw Labour Labour hold Details
Bath No overall control Liberal Democrats gain Details
Bedford No overall control No overall control hold Details
Blackburn Labour Labour hold Details
Brentwood Liberal Democrats Liberal Democrats hold Details
Brighton Labour Labour hold Details
Bristol Labour Labour hold Details
Broadland Conservative No overall control gain Details
Broxbourne Conservative Conservative hold Details
Burnley Labour Labour hold Details
Cambridge No overall control No overall control hold Details
Cannock Chase Labour Labour hold Details
Carlisle Labour Labour hold Details
Cheltenham Liberal Democrats Liberal Democrats hold Details
Cherwell Conservative Conservative hold Details
Chester No overall control No overall control hold Details
Chorley No overall control No overall control hold Details
Colchester No overall control Liberal Democrats gain Details
Congleton No overall control Liberal Democrats gain Details
Craven No overall control No overall control hold Details
Crawley Labour Labour hold Details
Crewe and Nantwich Labour Labour hold Details
Daventry Conservative Conservative hold Details
Derby No overall control Labour gain Details
Eastbourne Liberal Democrats Liberal Democrats hold Details
Eastleigh No overall control Liberal Democrats gain Details
Ellesmere Port and Neston Labour Labour hold Details
Elmbridge No overall control No overall control hold Details
Epping Forest Conservative No overall control gain Details
Exeter No overall control No overall control hold Details
Fareham Conservative No overall control gain Details
Gillingham No overall control No overall control hold Details
Gloucester No overall control No overall control hold Details
Gosport Liberal Democrats Liberal Democrats hold Details
Great Grimsby Labour Labour hold Details
Great Yarmouth Labour Labour hold Details
Halton Labour Labour hold Details
Harlow Labour Labour hold Details
Harrogate No overall control Liberal Democrats gain Details
Hart No overall control No overall control hold Details
Hartlepool Labour Labour hold Details
Hastings No overall control No overall control hold Details
Havant No overall control No overall control hold Details
Hereford Liberal Democrats Liberal Democrats hold Details
Hertsmere Conservative No overall control gain Details
Huntingdonshire Conservative Conservative hold Details
Hyndburn Labour Labour hold Details
Ipswich Labour Labour hold Details
Kingston upon Hull Labour Labour hold Details
Leominster Independent Independent hold Details
Lincoln Labour Labour hold Details
Macclesfield Conservative Conservative hold Details
Maidstone No overall control No overall control hold Details
Milton Keynes No overall control No overall control hold Details
Mole Valley No overall control No overall control hold Details
Newcastle-under-Lyme Labour Labour hold Details
North Hertfordshire Conservative No overall control gain Details
Norwich Labour Labour hold Details
Nuneaton and Bedworth Labour Labour hold Details
Oxford Labour Labour hold Details
Pendle Labour No overall control gain Details
Penwith No overall control No overall control hold Details
Peterborough No overall control No overall control hold Details
Portsmouth No overall control No overall control hold Details
Preston Labour Labour hold Details
Purbeck No overall control No overall control hold Details
Reading Labour Labour hold Details
Redditch Labour Labour hold Details
Reigate and Banstead No overall control No overall control hold Details
Rochford No overall control Liberal Democrats gain Details
Rossendale Labour Labour hold Details
Rugby No overall control No overall control hold Details
Runnymede Conservative Conservative hold Details
Rushmoor Conservative Conservative hold Details
Scunthorpe Labour Labour hold Details
Shrewsbury and Atcham No overall control No overall control hold Details
Slough Labour Labour hold Details
South Bedfordshire Conservative Conservative hold Details
South Cambridgeshire No overall control No overall control hold Details
South Herefordshire Independent Independent hold Details
South Lakeland No overall control No overall control hold Details
Southampton Labour Labour hold Details
Southend-on-Sea Conservative No overall control gain Details
St Albans No overall control Liberal Democrats gain Details
Stevenage Labour Labour hold Details
Stoke-on-Trent Labour Labour hold Details
Stratford-on-Avon Conservative No overall control gain Details
Stroud No overall control No overall control hold Details
Swale No overall control No overall control hold Details
Tamworth Labour Labour hold Details
Tandridge No overall control Conservative gain Details
Thamesdown Labour Labour hold Details
Three Rivers No overall control No overall control hold Details
Thurrock Labour Labour hold Details
Tunbridge Wells Conservative No overall control gain Details
Watford Labour Labour hold Details
Waveney Labour Labour hold Details
Welwyn Hatfield Conservative Labour gain Details
West Lancashire No overall control Labour gain Details
West Lindsey No overall control No overall control hold Details
West Oxfordshire No overall control No overall control hold Details
Weymouth and Portland No overall control No overall control hold Details
Winchester No overall control No overall control hold Details
Woking Conservative No overall control gain Details
Wokingham Conservative Conservative hold Details
Worcester Labour Labour hold Details
Worthing Conservative Liberal Democrats gain Details
Wyre Forest No overall control No overall control hold Details
York Labour Labour hold Details

Scotland

Regional councils

Apart from Orkney, Shetland and Western Isles, these were the last elections to the regional councils before they were abolished by the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994.

CouncilPrevious controlResultDetails
Borders Independent No overall control gain Details
Central Labour Labour hold Details
Dumfries and Galloway Independent No overall control gain Details
Fife Labour Labour hold Details
Grampian No overall control No overall control hold Details
Highland Independent Independent hold Details
Lothian Labour Labour hold Details
Orkney Independent Independent hold Details
Shetland Independent Independent hold Details
Strathclyde Labour Labour hold Details
Tayside No overall control No overall control hold Details
Western Isles Independent Independent hold Details

Related Research Articles

2003 United Kingdom local elections

Local elections took place in various parts of the United Kingdom on 1 May 2003, the same day as the Scottish Parliamentary and the Welsh Assembly elections. There were local elections for all councils in Scotland and in most of England. There were no elections in Wales, Northern Ireland or London.

1995 United Kingdom local elections

The 1995 United Kingdom local elections took place on 4 May 1995. The Conservative Party lost over 2,000 councillors in the election, while the Labour Party won 48% of the vote, a record high for the party in local elections.

2006 United Kingdom local elections

Local government elections took place in England (only) on Thursday 4 May 2006. Polling stations were open between 7:00 and 22:00.

Slough Borough Council

Slough Borough Council is the local authority for the Borough of Slough, in the South East England Region of the United Kingdom.

Sefton Council Local government body in England

Sefton Council is the governing body for the Metropolitan Borough of Sefton in the historic county of Lancashire and the ceremonial county of Merseyside, north-western England. The council was under no overall control from the 1980s until 2012 when the Labour Party took control. It is a constituent council of Liverpool City Region Combined Authority.

2007 United Kingdom local elections

The 2007 UK local government elections were held on 3 May 2007. These elections took place in most of England and all of Scotland. There were no local government elections in Wales though the Welsh Assembly had a general election on the same day. There were no local government elections in Northern Ireland. Just over half of English councils and almost all the Scottish councils began the counts on Friday, rather than Thursday night, because of more complex arrangements regarding postal votes.

Essex County Council

Essex County Council is the county council that governs the non-metropolitan county of Essex in England. It has 75 councillors, elected from 70 divisions, and is currently controlled by the Conservative Party. The council meets at County Hall in the centre of Chelmsford. It is a member of the East of England Local Government Association.

2009 United Kingdom local elections

The 2009 United Kingdom local elections were elections held to all 27 County Councils, three existing Unitary Authorities and five new Unitary Authorities, all in England, on 4 June 2009. The elections were due to be held on 7 May 2009, but were delayed in order to coincide with elections to the European Parliament.

2011 United Kingdom local elections

The 2011 United Kingdom local elections were held on Thursday 5 May 2011. In England, direct elections were held in all 36 Metropolitan boroughs, 194 Second-tier district authorities, 49 unitary authorities and various mayoral posts, meaning local elections took place in all parts of England with the exception of seven unitary authorities, and seven districts and boroughs. For the majority of English districts and the 25 unitary authorities that are elected "all out" these were the first elections since 2007. In Northern Ireland, there were elections to all 26 local councils. Elections also took place to most English parish councils.

1996 United Kingdom local elections

Local elections were held in the United Kingdom in 1996. They were the last local elections until 2010 to show a decline in the number of Conservative councillors and an increase in the number of Labour councillors.

1993 United Kingdom local elections

Local elections were held in the United Kingdom in 1993. The results showed a decline for the governing Conservative Party with the third placed party, the Liberal Democrats, gaining most seats.

1992 United Kingdom local elections

Local elections were held in the United Kingdom on 7 May 1992, one month after the general election which returned the governing Conservative Party for a fourth consecutive term in office. The Conservatives won back some ground that they had lost the previous year.

1991 United Kingdom local elections

Local elections were held in the United Kingdom in 1991. The results were a setback for the governing Conservative Party, who were left with their lowest number of councillors since 1973 - though their popular vote was an improvement from the 1990 local elections, and the Conservatives would go on to win the general election in 1992.

1994 Scottish regional elections

Regional elections were held in Scotland on 5 May 1994, as part of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973. These were the last elections before 29 new mainland unitary authorities, established by the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994, came into effect. The councils up for election were last contested in 1990 Scottish regional elections, and vote and seat changes are compared to the 1990 results.

1992 Scottish local elections

Local elections were held in Scotland on 7 May 1992, to elect members to all 53 district councils. It was the last local election held under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, which had established the two-tier system of regions and districts. Regional and district councils were abolished in 1996, and replaced with 29 new mainland unitary authorities under the terms of the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994.

2013 United Kingdom local elections

The 2013 United Kingdom local elections took place on Thursday 2 May 2013. Elections were held in 35 English councils: all 27 non-metropolitan county councils and eight unitary authorities, and in one Welsh unitary authority. Direct mayoral elections took place in Doncaster and North Tyneside. These elections last took place on the 4 June 2009 at the same time as the 2009 European Parliament Elections, except for County Durham, Northumberland and the Anglesey where elections last took place in 2008.

2014 United Kingdom local elections

The 2014 United Kingdom local elections were held on 22 May 2014. Usually these elections are held on the first Thursday in May but were postponed to coincide with the 2014 European Parliament Elections. Direct elections were held for all 32 London boroughs, all 36 metropolitan boroughs, 74 district/borough councils, 19 unitary authorities and various mayoral posts in England and elections to the new councils in Northern Ireland.

2015 United Kingdom local elections

The 2015 United Kingdom local elections were held on Thursday 7 May 2015, the same day as the general election for the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.

2018 United Kingdom local elections

Council elections in England were held on Thursday 3 May 2018. Elections were held in all 32 London boroughs, 34 metropolitan boroughs, 67 district and borough councils and 17 unitary authorities. There were also direct elections for the mayoralties of Hackney, Lewisham, Newham, Tower Hamlets and Watford.

2019 United Kingdom local elections

Local elections in parts of the United Kingdom were held on Thursday 2 May 2019, with 248 English local councils, six directly elected mayors in England, and all 11 local councils in Northern Ireland being contested.

References

  1. Rallings, Colin; Thrasher, Michael. Local Elections Handbook 1994 (PDF). Local Government Chronicle Elections Centre. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
  2. "Council compositions". The Elections Centre. Retrieved 3 May 2016.