1st Academy Awards

Last updated
1st Academy Awards
1stOscars 1929.jpg
The first Academy Awards ceremony was held at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel.
DateMay 16, 1929 (1929-05-16)
Site Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel
Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Hosted by Douglas Fairbanks
Highlights
Best Picture Wings [1]
Most awards 7th Heaven and Sunrise (3 each)
Most nominations7th Heaven (5)

The 1st Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 1927 and 1928 and took place on May 16, 1929, at a private dinner held at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel in Los Angeles, California. AMPAS president Douglas Fairbanks hosted the show. Tickets cost $5 (which would be $74 in 2019, considering inflation), 270 people attended the event and the presentation ceremony lasted 15 minutes. Awards were created by Louis B. Mayer, founder of Louis B. Mayer Pictures Corporation (at present merged into Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer). It is the only Academy Awards ceremony not to be broadcast either on radio or television. The radio broadcast was introduced the following year in 1930.

Contents

During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards now known as the Oscars in 12 categories. Winners were announced three months before the live event. Some nominations were announced without reference to a specific film, such as for Ralph Hammeras and Nugent Slaughter, who received nominations in the now defunct category of Engineering Effects. [2] Unlike later ceremonies, an actor could be awarded for multiple works within a calendar year for the same category. Emil Jannings, for example, was given the Best Actor award for his work in both The Way of All Flesh and The Last Command . Also, Charlie Chaplin and Warner Brothers each received an Honorary Award. [3] [4]

Major winners at the ceremony included 7th Heaven and Sunrise , which each received three awards, and Wings , receiving two awards. Among its honors, Sunrise won the award for Unique and Artistic Picture, and Wings won the award for Outstanding Picture (now known as Best Picture). These two categories at the time were regarded equally as the top award of the night, intended to honor different and important aspects of superior filmmaking. The next year, the Academy dropped the Unique and Artistic Picture award, and decided retroactively that the award won by Wings was the highest honor that could be awarded. [2]

Background

In 1927, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) was established by Louis B. Mayer, originator of Louis B. Mayer Pictures Corporation, which then would be joined into Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM). Mayer's purpose in creating the award was to unite the five branches of the film industry, including actors, directors, producers, technicians, and writers. [5] Mayer commented on the creation of the awards "I found that the best way to handle [filmmakers] was to hang medals all over them ... If I got them cups and awards, they'd kill them to produce what I wanted. That's why the Academy Award was created". [6] Mayer asked Cedric Gibbons, art director of MGM, to design an Academy Award trophy. [5] [7] Nominees were notified through a telegram in February 1928. [5] In August 1928, Mayer contacted the Academy Central Board of Judges to decide winners. [5] However, according to the American director King Vidor, the voting for the Academy Award for Best Picture was in the hands of the AMPAS founders Douglas Fairbanks, Sid Grauman, Mayer, Mary Pickford, and Joseph Schenck. [8]

Ceremony

The ceremony was held on May 16, 1929 [9] [3] [4] [10] at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel, located in Los Angeles. [3] It consisted of a private dinner with 36 banquet tables, [11] where 270 people attended and tickets cost five dollars (equivalent to $74.45in 2019). [3] Actors and actresses arrived at the hotel in luxury vehicles, where many fans attended to encourage celebrities. [11] The ceremony was not broadcast on radio or television, [3] and was hosted by AMPAS director Fairbanks [9] [3] [4] [12] during a 15-minute event. [10]

Overview

Winners were announced three months before the ceremony. [3] [4] [10] The recipients included: Emil Jannings, the inaugural first award recipient [3] for Best Actor ( The Way of All Flesh and The Last Command ); [4] [10] Janet Gaynor for Best Actress ( 7th Heaven , Street Angel , and Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans ); Frank Borzage for Best Director, Drama ( 7th Heaven ); Lewis Milestone for Best Director, Comedy ( Two Arabian Knights ); and Wings for Best Picture (the most expensive film of its time). [9] [2] Two presentations were made of a Special Award: Charlie Chaplin, a multiple nominee for one movie (Best Actor, Best Writer and Best Director, Comedy; all for The Circus ) having been removed from the list so as to recognize his total contribution to the industry; [4] and Warner Brothers, an award for pioneering talking pictures ( The Jazz Singer ). Three categories were eliminated for subsequent presentations: Best Engineering Effects, Best Title Writing, and Best Unique and Artistic Quality of Production. [2] The larger film producers received the preponderance of awards: Fox Film Corporation, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Paramount Pictures, Radio-Keith-Orpheum, and Warner Bros. [5]

Academy Awards of Merit

At the 1st Academy Awards (19271928), an anomaly in the nomination process allowed for an artist to be nominated and to be awarded for work in a single film, for work across multiple films, or for work without reference to any specific film.

Winners are listed first, in boldface, and indicated with an asterisk (*).

Best Unique and Artistic Picture
Best Writing (Title Writing)
Notes
  1. 1 2 3 4 The Circus originally received four nominations: one for Outstanding Picture (Charles Chaplin, producer) and three additional nominations – Best Director (Comedy Picture), Best Actor, and Best Writing (Original Story) – for Charles Chaplin. However, the Academy subsequently decided to remove Chaplin's name from the competitive award categories and instead to confer upon him a Special Award "for acting, writing, directing and producing The Circus".
  2. Gerald Duffy's nomination for Best Writing (Title Writing) was a posthumous nomination.

Honorary Awards

The following Honorary Awards then called Special Awards were conferred:

Multiple nominations and awards

Changes to Academy Awards

After the 1st Academy Awards (19271928), the following changes were made by AMPAS.

See also

Related Research Articles

Academy Awards American awards given annually for excellence in cinematic achievements

The Academy Awards, more popularly known as the Oscars, are awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry. Given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), the awards are an international recognition of excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership. The various category winners are awarded a copy of a golden statuette, officially called the "Academy Award of Merit", although more commonly referred to by its nickname, the "Oscar". The statuette depicts a knight rendered in the Art Deco style.

The Academy Award for Best Picture is one of the Academy Awards presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) since the awards debuted in 1929. This award goes to the producers of the film and is the only category in which every member of the Academy is eligible to submit a nomination and vote on the final ballot. Best Picture is the final award of the night and is considered the most prestigious honor of the ceremony.

Academy Award for Best Cinematography American film award

The Academy Award for Best Cinematography is an Academy Award awarded each year to a cinematographer for work on one particular motion picture.

The Academy Honorary Award – instituted in 1950 for the 23rd Academy Awards – is given annually by the Board of Governors of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). The award celebrates motion picture achievements that are not covered by existing Academy Awards, although prior winners of competitive Academy Awards are not excluded from receiving the Honorary Award.

76th Academy Awards Award ceremony presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for achievement in filmmaking in 2003

The 76th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 2003 and took place on February 29, 2004, at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles beginning at 5:30 p.m. PST / 8:30 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 24 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Joe Roth and was directed by Louis J. Horvitz. Actor Billy Crystal hosted for the eighth time. He first presided over the 62nd ceremony held in 1990 and had last hosted the 72nd ceremony held in 2000. Two weeks earlier in a ceremony at The Ritz-Carlton Huntington Hotel & Spa in Pasadena, California held on February 14, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by host Jennifer Garner.

67th Academy Awards Award ceremony presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences for achievement in filmmaking in 1994

The 67th Academy Awards ceremony, organized by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) took place on March 27, 1995, at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles beginning at 6:00 p.m. PST / 9:00 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 23 categories honoring the films released in 1994. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Gilbert Cates and directed by Jeff Margolis. Comedian David Letterman hosted the show for the first time. Three weeks earlier in a ceremony held at the Regent Beverly Wilshire Hotel in Beverly Hills, California on March 4, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by host Jamie Lee Curtis.

68th Academy Awards 1996 Academy Award ceremony

The 68th Academy Awards ceremony, organized by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 1995 in the United States and took place on March 25, 1996, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles beginning at 6:00 p.m. PST / 9:00 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 24 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Quincy Jones and directed by Jeff Margolis. Actress Whoopi Goldberg hosted the show for the second time, having previously presided over the 66th ceremony in 1994. Three weeks earlier, in a ceremony held at the Regent Beverly Wilshire Hotel in Beverly Hills, California, on March 2, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by host Richard Dreyfuss.

The 2nd Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films released between August 1, 1928, and July 31, 1929. They took place on April 3, 1930, at an awards banquet in the Cocoanut Grove of the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles.

80th Academy Awards award ceremony presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences for achievement in filmmaking in 2007

The 80th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 2007 and took place on February 24, 2008, at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles beginning at 5:30 p.m. PST / 8:30 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 24 categories. The ceremony was televised in the United States by ABC, and produced by Gil Cates and directed by Louis J, Horvitz. Actor Jon Stewart hosted the show for the second time, having previously presided over the 78th ceremony held in 2006. Two weeks earlier in a gala at the Beverly Wilshire Hotel in Beverly Hills, California held on February 9, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by host Jessica Alba.

Academy Award for Best Actor Award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

The Academy Award for Best Actor is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). It is given in honor of an actor who has delivered an outstanding performance in a leading role while working within the film industry. The award is traditionally presented by the previous year's Best Actress winner.

Academy Award for Best Actress Award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

The Academy Award for Best Actress is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). It is given in honor of an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance in a leading role while working within the film industry. The award is traditionally presented by the previous year's Best Actor winner.

Harry d'Abbadie d'Arrast was an Argentinean born, French screenwriter and director. He was nominated at the 4th Academy Awards for the now defunct category of Best Story for the film Laughter. His nomination was shared with Donald Ogden Stewart and Douglas Z. Doty.

The Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay is the Academy Award for the best screenplay not based upon previously published material. It was created in 1940 as a separate writing award from the Academy Award for Best Story. Beginning with the Oscars for 1957, the two categories were combined to honor only the screenplay.

References

  1. "The 1st Academy Awards Memorable Moments". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "The Official Academy Awards Database". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved November 11, 2019. Reader must select "1927/28" in the "Award Year(s):" drop-down menu and press "Search".
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 "History of the Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on April 8, 2010. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Dirks, Tim. "1927–28 Academy Awards Winners and History". Filmsite . Rainbow Media. Archived from the original on July 24, 2010. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 Cosgrave 2007 , p. 1
  6. Eyman 2005 , p. 117
  7. Eyman 2005 , p. 209
  8. Eyman 2005 , p. 138
  9. 1 2 3 4 "This day in History". History. A&E Television Networks. Archived from the original on March 7, 2010. Retrieved October 5, 2010.
  10. 1 2 3 4 Pawlak, Debra Ann. "The Story of the First Academy Awards". The MediaDrome. Archived from the original on March 15, 2005.
  11. 1 2 Cosgrave 2007 , p. 4
  12. "Names make news". Time . Time Inc. May 27, 1929. Archived from the original on October 27, 2010. Retrieved October 5, 2010.
  13. Decherney, Peter (August 14, 2012). Hollywood and the Culture Elite: How the Movies Became American. Columbia University Press. ISBN   9780231508513 via Google Books.

Bibliography