2. Bundesliga Süd (1974–81)

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2. Bundesliga Süd
Deutschland Lage der 2. Bundesliga Sud.PNG
Founded 1974
Folded 1981
Replaced by 2. Bundesliga
CountryFlag of Germany.svg  West Germany
States
Level on pyramid Level 2
Promotion to Bundesliga
Relegation to
Last champions SV Darmstadt 98
(1980–81)

The 2. Bundesliga Süd was the second-highest level of the West German football league system in the south of West Germany from its introduction in 1974 until the formation of the single-division 2. Bundesliga in 1981. It covered the southern states of Saarland, Rheinland-Pfalz, Baden-Württemberg, Hesse and Bavaria.

The German football league system, or league pyramid, refers to the hierarchically interconnected league system for association football in Germany that in the 2016–17 season consists of 2,235 divisions having 31,645 teams, in which all divisions are bound together by the principle of promotion and relegation. The top three professional levels contain one division each. Below this, the semi-professional and amateur levels have progressively more parallel divisions, which each cover progressively smaller geographic areas. Teams that finish at the top of their division at the end of each season can rise higher in the pyramid, while those that finish at the bottom find themselves sinking further down. In theory it is possible for even the lowest local amateur club to rise to the top of the system and become German football champions one day. The number of teams promoted and relegated between the divisions varies, and promotion to the upper levels of the pyramid is usually contingent on meeting additional criteria, especially concerning appropriate facilities and finances.

The Introduction of the 2. Bundesliga was the step of establishing a professional second tier association football league in Germany in 1974. The new league, the 2. Bundesliga, played its first season in 1974–75 and continues to be the second-highest league in the country. Its introduction reduced the number of second divisions in Germany from five to two and the number of teams at this level from 83 to 40. It eliminated the necessity of having a promotion round at the end of the season to determine the two teams promoted to the Bundesliga.

2. Bundesliga association football league

The 2. Bundesliga is the second division of professional football in Germany. The 2. Bundesliga is ranked below the Bundesliga and above the 3. Liga in the German football league system. All of the 2. Bundesliga clubs qualify for the DFB-Pokal, the annual German Cup competition. A total of 127 clubs have competed in the 2. Bundesliga since its foundation.

Contents

Overview

The league was established in 1974 to reduce the number of second divisions in Germany from five to two and thereby allow direct promotion to the league winners. Along with the foundation of the 2. Bundesliga Süd, formed from clubs of the two former Regionalligas of Süd and Südwest, went the foundation of the 2. Bundesliga Nord, which was created from clubs of the other three Regionalligas, Nord, Berlin and West.

Regionalliga Süd (1963–1974)

The Regionalliga Süd was the second-highest level of the German football league system. It existed in the south of Germany from 1963 until the formation of the 2. Bundesliga in 1974. It covered the three states of Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg and Hessen.

Regionalliga Südwest (1963–1974)

The Regionalliga Südwest was the second-highest level of the German football league system in the southwest of Germany from 1963 until the formation of the 2. Bundesliga in 1974. It covered the states of Saarland and Rheinland-Pfalz.

2. Bundesliga Nord (1974–81)

The 2. Bundesliga Nord was the second-highest level of the West German football league system in the north of West Germany from its introduction in 1974 until the formation of the single-division 2. Bundesliga in 1981. It covered the northern states of North Rhine-Westphalia, Lower Saxony, Bremen, Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein and the city of West Berlin.

The league was created from thirteen southern and seven southwestern clubs, reflecting the difference in size of the two regions, south being much the larger.

The winner of the 2. Bundesliga Süd was directly promoted to the Bundesliga, the runners-up played a home-and-away series versus the northern runners-up for the third promotion spot.

Bundesliga Association football league

The Bundesliga is a professional association football league in Germany and the football league with the highest average stadium attendance worldwide. At the top of the German football league system, the Bundesliga is Germany's primary football competition. The Bundesliga comprises 18 teams and operates on a system of promotion and relegation with the 2. Bundesliga. Seasons run from August to May. Most games are played on Saturdays and Sundays, with a few games played on weekdays. All of the Bundesliga clubs qualify for the DFB-Pokal. The winner of the Bundesliga qualifies for the DFL-Supercup.

The league operated with 20 teams in six seasons of its existence, only in 1980 was there 21 teams in the league. The bottom three, some years four teams were relegated to the Amateurligas, after 1978 to the new Oberligas.

Oberliga (football)

The Oberliga is currently the name of the fifth tier of the German football league system. Before the introduction of the 3. Liga in 2008, it was the fourth tier. At the end of the 2011–12 season the number of Oberligas was increased from eleven to fourteen.

Until 1978, below the 2. Bundesliga Süd ranked the following Amateurligas:

The Amateurliga Saarland was the highest football league in the state of Saarland and the third tier of the German football league system from 1951, when the clubs from the Saar returned to Germany, till the formation of the Oberliga Südwest and the Verbandsliga Saarland below it in 1978.

The Amateurliga Rheinland was the highest football league in the region of the Rheinland FA and the third tier of the German football league system from its inception in 1952 to the formation of the Oberliga Südwest and the Verbandsliga Rheinland below it in 1978.

The Amateurliga Südwest was the highest football league in the region of the Südwest FA and the third tier of the German football league system from its inception in 1952 to the formation of the Oberliga Südwest and the Verbandsliga Südwest below it in 1978.

The winners of the larger leagues of Bayern and Hessen were directly promoted while the other seven leagues had to play-off for two more promotion spots. After 1978, these seven leagues merged down to two new leagues and the champions of those four remaining leagues, now called Oberligas, were all directly promoted to the 2. Bundesliga Süd.

The Promotion to the 2. Bundesliga was an end-of-season competition, held annually to determine the clubs that were promoted from the Amateurligas, later the Amateur Oberligas to the 2. Bundesligas. It was necessary because there were more third division champions then promotion spots available.

In 1981, the two 2. Bundesligas merged into one, country-wide division. Nine clubs from the south and eight from the north plus the three relegated teams from the Bundesliga were admitted into the new league, the 2. Bundesliga .

The Stuttgarter Kickers, SV Waldhof Mannheim, SpVgg Fürth, SpVgg Bayreuth and FC Homburg all played every one of the seven seasons of the league.

Qualifying to the 2. Bundesliga Süd

From the Regionalliga Südwest, seven clubs qualified for the new 2. Bundesliga Süd, from the Regionalliga Süd it was 13 clubs.

The qualifying modus saw the last five seasons counted, whereby the last placed team in each season received one point, the second-last two points and so on. For a Bundesliga season within this five-year period, a club received 25 points, for an Amateurliga season none.

For the seasons 1969–70 and 70–71, the received points counted single, for the 71–72 and 72–73 season double and for the 73–74 season three times.

To be considered in the points table for the new league, a club had to play either in the Regionalliga in 1973–74 or to have been relegated from the Bundesliga to it for the next season, something which did not apply for the south as both teams relegated from the Bundesliga in 1974 went to the north.

The bottom three clubs in each league, nominally the relegated teams in every other season, were barred from entry to the 2. Bundesliga, regardless of where they stood in the points ranking. [1]

Regionalliga Südwest points table

RankClubPoints 1969–74Place in 1973–74
1Borussia Neunkirchen1331
2SV Röchling Völklingen1104
3FSV Mainz 051095
4FK Pirmasens1078
5SV Alsenborn 19510
6FC 08 Homburg903
7VfR Wormatia Worms906
81. FC Saarbrücken872
9ASV Landau829
10Südwest Ludwigshafen7611
11TuS Neuendorf7112
12FV Speyer4315
13Eintracht Bad Kreuznach307
14VfB Theley2713
15Sportfreunde Eisbachtal1514
16FC Ensdorf316

Regionalliga Süd points table

RankClubPoints 1969–74Place in 1973–74
1TSV 1860 Munich1553
21. FC Nürnberg1382
3Karlsruher SC1348
4SV Darmstadt 981104
5FC Bayern Hof1049
6Stuttgarter Kickers986
7SpVgg Bayreuth905
8VfR Heilbronn9012
9Hessen Kassel 19016
10SpVgg Fürth8510
11FC Schweinfurt 056815
12Freiburger FC 16817
13SV Waldhof Mannheim617
14FC Augsburg541
15Jahn Regensburg 15318
16VfR Mannheim2813
17VfR Bürstadt2714
18FSV Frankfurt2611

Disbanding of the 2. Bundesliga Süd

The league was dissolved in 1981. According to their performance of the last couple of seasons, nine clubs of the league went to the new 2. Bundesliga while the champion was promoted to Bundesliga. The ten remaining clubs were relegated to the Amateurligas.

The teams admitted to the 2. Bundesliga were:

Of the nine clubs, only one came from the southwest region, VfR Wormatia Worms, all others were southern clubs.

Relegated teams:

The reduction in numbers of second division teams hit especially the Saarland hard, having their three most well known clubs, all members of the Bundesliga at some stage, relegated. While the FC Homburg and the 1. FC Saarbrücken soon bounced back, Borussia Neunkirchen never returned to second division football but did remain a force in the Oberliga Südwest.

Winners and runners-up

The winners and runners-up of the league were: [2]

SeasonClubRunners-up
1974–75Karlsruher SCFK Pirmasens
1975–761. FC Saarbrücken1. FC Nürnberg
1976–77VfB StuttgartTSV 1860 Munich
1977–78SV Darmstadt 981. FC Nürnberg
1978–79TSV 1860 MunichSpVgg Bayreuth
1979–801. FC NürnbergKarlsruher SC
1980–81SV Darmstadt 98Kickers Offenbach

Play-offs for Bundesliga promotion

The third promotion spot to the Bundesliga was decided through a play-off round of the runners-up of the two 2. Bundesligas. Here are the results of this round:

SeasonNorthSouthResults
1975FK PirmasensBayer Uerdingen4-4 / 0-6
19761. FC NürnbergBorussia Dortmund0-1 / 2-3
1977TSV 1860 MunichArminia Bielefeld4-0 / 0-4 / 2-0
19781. FC NürnbergRW Essen1-0 / 2-2
1979SpVgg BayreuthBayer Uerdingen1-1 / 1-2
1980Karlsruher SCRW Essen5-1 / 1-3
1981Kickers OffenbachEintracht Braunschweig1-0 / 0-2

Placings in the 2. Bundesliga Süd 1974–1981

The league placings from 1974 to 1981: [3]

Club1975197619771978197919801981
VfB Stuttgart B111BBBB
TSV 1860 Munich 542B1BB
1. FC Nürnberg 6252B1B
Karlsruher SC 1BB752B
SV Darmstadt 98 10761B41
Kickers Offenbach BB35682
Stuttgarter Kickers 16161010933
KSV Hessen Kassel 4
SSV Ulm 1846 165
SV Waldhof Mannheim 8811816116
SC Freiburg 1567
Eintracht Trier 171210158
SpVgg Bayreuth 951442139
Freiburger FC 1313910
FC Homburg 1434371211
VfR Wormatia Worms 19931012
VfR Bürstadt 181413
SpVgg Fürth 1510864714
FSV Frankfurt 13715121815
ESV Ingolstadt 1716
1. FC Saarbrücken 71BB8517
FC Augsburg 12159141818
Borussia Neunkirchen 182019
VfB Eppingen 20
MTV Ingolstadt 1119
SV Röchling Völklingen 1361620
FV Würzburg 04 13111421
FC Hanau 93 17
KSV Baunatal 151619
FC Bayern Hof 491217
Kickers Würzburg 19
FK Pirmasens 2141820
SSV Jahn Regensburg 1719
BSV Schwenningen 20
FSV Mainz 05 1112
FC Schweinfurt 05 318
Eintracht Bad Kreuznach 19
SSV Reutlingen 20
VfR Heilbronn 17
VfR Mannheim 20

Source: "2. Bundesliga Süd". Das deutsche Fussball-Archiv (in German). Archived from the original on 5 January 2008. Retrieved 8 January 2008.

Key

SymbolKey
B Bundesliga
PlaceLeague
BlankPlayed at a league level below this league

Notes

Top scorers

YearPlayerClubGoals
1974–75 Bernd Hoffmann Karlsruher SC25
1975–76 Karl-Heinz Granitza Röchling Völklingen29
1976–77 Lothar Emmerich Würzburger FV 0429
1977–78 Emanuel Günther Karlsruher SC27
1978–79 Eduard Kirschner SpVgg Fürth33
1979–80Emanuel GüntherKarlsruher SC29
1980–81 Horst Neumann SV Darmstadt 9827

Source: 100 Jahre Süddeutscher Fußball-Verband. Vindelica Verlag. 1997. p. 173.

Related Research Articles

The Regionalliga Süd was the fourth tier of the German football league system from 2008 to 2012. Until the introduction of the 3. Liga in 2008, it was the third tier. It was the highest regional league for the southern part of Germany. It covered the states of Bavaria, Hesse and Baden-Württemberg and was one of three leagues at this level, together with the Regionalliga Nord and the Regionalliga West.

Oberliga Baden-Württemberg association football league

The Oberliga Baden-Württemberg is the highest association football league in the state of Baden-Württemberg and the Baden-Württemberg football league system. It is one of fourteen Oberligas in German football, the fifth tier of the German football league system. Until the introduction of the 3. Liga in 2008 it was the fourth tier of the league system, until the introduction of the Regionalligas in 1994 the third tier.

Verbandsliga Württemberg association football league

The Verbandsliga Württemberg is a German amateur football division administered by the Württemberg Football Association, one of the 21 German state football associations. Being the top flight of the Württemberg state association, the Verbandsliga is currently a level 6 division of the German football league system.

Verbandsliga Südbaden

The Verbandsliga Südbaden is a German amateur football division administered by the South Badenese Football Association, one of the 21 German state football associations. Being the top flight of the South Baden state association, the Verbandsliga is currently a level 6 division of the German football league system.

The Oberliga Süd was the southernmost of the five Oberligen, the regional leagues forming the top level of association football in West Germany from 1945 until the formation of the Bundesliga in 1963. Oberliga Süd covered the southern three German states of Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg and Hesse.

2. Oberliga Süd

The 2. Oberliga Süd was the second-highest level of the German football league system in the south of Germany from 1950 until the formation of the Bundesliga in 1963. It covered the three states of Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg and Hesse.

Regionalliga West (1963–1974)

The Regionalliga West was the second-highest level of the German football league system in the west of Germany from 1963 until the formation of the 2. Bundesliga in 1974. It covered the state of Nordrhein-Westfalen, the most populous state of Germany.

Regionalliga Nord (1963–1974)

The Regionalliga Nord was the second-highest level of the German football league system in the north of Germany from 1963 until the formation of the 2. Bundesliga in 1974. It covered the states of Niedersachsen, Bremen, Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein.

The Regionalliga Berlin was the second-highest level of the German football league system in the city of West-Berlin in Germany from 1963 until the formation of the 2. Bundesliga in 1974. It was by far the smallest of the five Regionalligas.

2. Oberliga Südwest

The 2. Oberliga Südwest was the second-highest level of the German football league system in the southwest of Germany from 1951 until the formation of the Bundesliga in 1963. It covered the two states of Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland.

The Amateurliga Nordbaden was the highest football league in the region of the Nordbaden FA and the third tier of the German football league system from its inception in 1945 to the formation of the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg and the Verbandsliga Nordbaden below it in 1978.

The Amateurliga Württemberg was the highest football league in the region of the Württemberg FA and the third tier of the German football league system from its inception in 1945 until the formation of the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg and the Verbandsliga Württemberg below it in 1978.

Amateurliga Schwarzwald-Bodensee

Between 1960 and 1978 the 1. Amateurliga Schwarzwald-Bodensee was the highest football division in the southern parts of the Württembergian Football Association and a level three division of the German football league system.

The Amateurliga Südbaden was the highest football league in the region of the Südbaden FA and the third tier of the German football league system from its inception in 1945 to the formation of the Oberliga Baden-Württemberg and the Verbandsliga Südbaden below it in 1978.

The German amateur football championship was a national football competition in Germany organized by the German Football Association and in existence from 1950 to 1998.

References

  1. Die Deutsche Liga-Chronik seit 1945 - History of German league football since 1945 (in German) publisher: DSFS, published: 2006, page: C3 + C4
  2. "Kicker Almanach" The Football Yearbook on German football from Bundesliga to Oberliga, since 1937, published by the Kicker Sports Magazine
  3. Das deutsche Fußball-Archiv (in German) Historical German domestic league tables

Sources