2002 Asian Games

Last updated
XIV Asian Games
14th asiad.svg
Host city Busan, South Korea
MottoNew Vision, New Asia [1]
(Korean: 새로운 비전, 새로운 아시아)
(saeloun bijeon, saeloun asia)
Nations participating44
Athletes participating7,711
Events419 in 38 sports [2]
Opening ceremony September 29
Closing ceremonyOctober 14
Officially opened by Kim Dae-jung
President of South Korea
Officially closed bySamih Moudallal
Vice President of the Olympic Council of Asia
Athlete's Oath Moon Dae-sung, Ryu Ji-hye
Torch lighter Ha Hyung-joo, Kye Sun-hui
Main venue Busan Asiad Main Stadium
Website 2002 Asian Games

The 2002 Asian Games (Korean : 2002년 아시아 경기대회/2002년 아시안 게임, romanized: Icheoni-nyeon Asia gyeonggi daehoe/Icheoni-nyeon Asian Geim), also known as the XIV Asian Games (Korean : 제14회 아시아 경기대회/제14회 아시안 게임, romanized: Jesipsahoe Asia gyeonggi daehoe/Jesipsahoe Asian Geim), were an international multi-sport event held in Busan, South Korea from September 29 to October 14, 2002 with the football event commenced 2 days before the opening ceremony.

Contents

Busan is the second city in South Korea, after Seoul in 1986 to host the Games. This was the second time South Korea hosted the event. A total of 419 events in 38 sports were contested by 7,711 athletes from 44 countries. [3] [4] The Games were also co-hosted by its four neighbouring cities: Ulsan, Changwon, Masan and Yangsan. [5] It was opened by President of South Korea, Kim Dae-jung, at the Busan Asiad Main Stadium.

The final medal tally was led by China, followed by host South Korea and Japan. South Korea set a new record with 95 gold medals. 22 world records, 43 Asian records were broken during the Games. [6] [7] [8] In addition, Japanese Swimming Kosuke Kitajima was announced as the most valuable player (MVP) of the Games.

Bidding process

Busan was selected over Kaohsiung at the 14th Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) General Assembly in Seoul, South Korea on 23 May 1995. The voting involved 41 members of the sports governing body, with 37 of them supported Busan. [9] [10] After the major upset, Taiwan expressed its disappointment and staged a protest, claimed that the selection of Busan was due to pressure from China, which the OCA officials denied. [11]

2002 Asian Games bidding result [12] [13]
CityNOCVotes
Busan Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 37
Kaohsiung Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg  Chinese Taipei 4

Development and preparations

Costs

A total of US$2.9 billion was spent for the games. [14]

Marketing

Official mascot 14th asian games mascot.png
Official mascot

Emblem

The emblem of the Games is a motif of East sea blue waves in the shape of Taegeuk, symbolising Busan and Korea. It expresses the image of development and unity of the Asian people and the two dynamic powers that are closely intertwined. The wave's shape in the emblem indicates the character B, the first character of Busan. [15] [16]

Mascot

The mascot of the 2002 Asian Games is a Sea gull, the city bird of Busan named "Duria", whose name is a combination of the two words 'Durative' and 'Asia', which means "You and Me Together" or Everlasting Asia in the Korean language, which expresses the ideal of the Games: to promote harmony, friendship and prosperity among Asian countries. Its thick black ink and free line expression, symbolize Korean traditional culture, while its white colour shade representing the image of a powerful spirit and the great hopes for Asia in the 21st century. [17]

Medals

The medal of the games featured the Korean traditional octagonal building, Palgagjeong top view design with the old Olympic Council of Asia logo on the obverse and Busan Asia Games Flame, logo, and Oryukdo scenery on the reverse. The design represents solidarity of membership and eternity of OCA, Busan as host of the games and youth, unity, and friendship of the athletes. [18]

Music

In conjunction with the Games, eight songs were released as the official music for the Games: [19]

  • "The Dream of Asia" – Lee Moon-se
  • "Frontier!-Voices from the East" – Yang Bang-ean & Furee
  • "We are..." – Baby box
  • "Theme from Duria" – Hong Jong-myung, Shin Hyo-bum
  • "The Fanfare" – Busan city Orchestra
  • "Welcome to Busan Korea" – Kim Hyo-soo
  • "Let's Go!!" – Gang Hyun-soo
  • "Love to All of Us" – CAN

Torch relay

The relay itself started at 11 a.m on 5 September 2002 when two flames were simultaneously lit at Hallasan in South Korea and Paektu Mountain, the Korean peninsula’s highest mountain, in North Korea. 42 flames in other participating nations were also lit at the same time. [20] The two Korean flames were unified into one at Imjingak Pavilion near the truce village of Panmunjeom on 7 September 2002 and was dubbed the Unification flame. After that, a nationwide torch relay totaled a distance of 4,294 kilometres in 23 days was held. The relay passed through 904 districts in 16 cities within the country. The Unification flame joined with the flames of 42 other participating nations during the opening ceremony on 29 September 2002 and became the Asian Games flame. [21] [22] The torch design was based on a Korean traditional music instrument called Taepyeongso. [23]

Venues

42 competition venues were used in the Games with twelve of them are newly built, [24] [25] including the Asiad Sports Complex which was completed on 31 July 2000. [26] Other venues included an athletes' village and a main press centre. [27]

Asiad Sports Complex
VenueEventsCapacityRef.
Busan Asiad Stadium Athletics, Football (Final), Opening and closing ceremonies
Sajik Swimming PoolAquatics (Swimming, Synchronized Swimming, Diving)
Sajik GymnasiumBasketball, Gymnastics
Sajik Baseball Stadium Baseball
Gangseo Sports Park
VenueEventsCapacityRef.
Gangseo Archery FieldArchery
Gangseo GymnasiumBadminton, Fencing
Gangseo Hockey StadiumHockey
Geumjeong Sports Park
VenueEventsCapacityRef.
Geumjeong GymnasiumBasketball
Geumjeong VelodromeCycling (Track)
Geumjeong Tennis StadiumTennis
Gudeok Sports Complex
VenueEventsCapacityRef.
Busan Gudeok Stadium Football
Gudeok Baseball StadiumSoft tennis
Gudeok GymnasiumJudo, Taekwondo
Others
VenueEventsCapacityRef.
Nakdong River Rowing and Canoeing CoursesCanoeing, Rowing
Gijang GymnasiumVolleyball (Indoor)
Haeundae Beach Volleyball (Beach)
Dongju College GymnasiumCue sports
Gijang StreetsCycling (Road)
Gijang Mountain Bike Race StadiumCycling (Mountain, Down hill)
Busan Citizens' HallBodybuilding
Homeplus Asiad Bowling AlleyBowling
Busan Equestrian GroundsEquestrian, Modern pentathlon (Riding)
Asiad Country ClubGolf
Tongmyong University of Information Technology StadiumKabaddi
Samnak Riverside Athletic ParkModern pentathlon (Running)
Busan Yachting Center Sailing
Pukyong National University GymnasiumWeightlifting
Dongseo University Minseok Sports CenterWushu, Sepak takraw
South Gyeongsang
Changwon Sports Park
VenueEventsCapacityRef.
Changwon Swimming PoolAquatics (Water polo), Modern pentathlon (Swimming)
Changwon Main StadiumFootball
Changwon GymnasiumHandball
Masan Sports Complex
VenueEventsCapacityRef.
Masan GymnasiumBoxing
Masan Stadium Football
Others
VenueEventsCapacityRef.
Changwon Evergreen HallModern pentathlon (Fencing)
Changwon International Shooting RangeShooting, Modern pentathlon (Shooting)
Yangsan College GymnasiumKarate, Wrestling, Squash
Yangsan Stadium Football
Ulsan
VenueEventsCapacityRef.
Ulsan Munsu Football Stadium Football
Ulsan Stadium Rugby
Dongchun Gymnasium Table tennis

The athletes' village in Property Development Area, Banyeodong, Haeundae District, Busan had 2,290 apartments in 20 buildings which can accommodate 14,000 people. [28] [29]

Transport

The host city Busan had existing subway and bus services prior to the games. [30]

The games

Opening ceremony

The opening ceremony with the theme “A Beautiful meeting,” was held on 29 September 2002 at the Busan Asiad Main Stadium. Participating nations marched into the stadium in Korean alphabetical order began with Nepal. North Korea and South Korea jointly entered the stadium under one flag for the first time in Asian Games history and the second time after the 2000 Summer Olympics. [31] [32] South Korean president Kim Dae-Jung declared the Games open, Two Korean athletes - Mun Dae-Sung (taekwondo) and Ryu Ji -Hye (table tennis) took the oath on behalf of all the participating athletes while South Korea's retired judoist Ha Hyung-joo and North Korean female judoist Kye Sun-hui lit the games' cauldron. A 40-minute 6-part show about the union between King Kim Suro and Hur Hwangok Busan of Gaya was also presented, featuring soprano Sumi Jo.

Participating National Olympic Committees

All 44 members of Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) with 7,711 athletes took part in the Games. East Timor participated for the first time since its independence and Afghanistan returned to the action since Taliban had come to power. [33] Below is a list of all the participating NOCs; the number of competitors per delegation is indicated in brackets. [34] [35]

Participating National Olympic Committees

Sports

A total of 419 events in 38 sports was contested in the Games for 16 days of competition. Football and basketball was kickoff two and one day respectively prior to the opening ceremony. [36] Bodybuilding was the debutant sport in Games. [37]

Calendar

All times are in Korea Standard Time (UTC+9)
 OC Opening ceremony  Event competitions 1 Gold medal events CC Closing ceremony
September / October27th
Fri
28th
Sat
29th
Sun
30th
Mon
1st
Tue
2nd
Wed
3rd
Thu
4th
Fri
5th
Sat
6th
Sun
7th
Mon
8th
Tue
9th
Wed
10th
Thu
11th
Fri
12th
Sat
13th
Sun
14th
Mon
Events
CeremoniesOCCCN/A
Aquatics Diving pictogram.svg Diving 22111143
Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming 556655
Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg Artistic swimming 11
Water polo pictogram.svg Water polo 1
Archery pictogram.svg Archery 1124
Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics 5107958145
Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton 11237
Baseball pictogram.svg Baseball 11
Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball 22
Bodybuilding pictogram.svg Bodybuilding 448
Bowling pictogram.svg Bowling 2222210
Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 1212
Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing 5813
Cue sports pictogram.svg Cue sports 121212110
Cycling Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Road cycling21120
Cycling (track) pictogram.svg Track cycling2334
Cycling (mountain biking) pictogram.svg Mountain biking211
Equestrian pictogram.svg Equestrian 211116
Fencing pictogram.svg Fencing 22222212
Field hockey pictogram.svg Field hockey 112
Football pictogram.svg Football 112
Golf pictogram.svg Golf 44
Gymnastics Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Artistic1125516
Gymnastics (rhythmic) pictogram.svg Rhythmic11
Handball pictogram.svg Handball 112
Judo pictogram.svg Judo 444416
Kabaddi pictogram.svg Kabaddi 11
Karate pictogram.svg Karate 7411
Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg Modern pentathlon 22116
Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing 6713
Rugby union pictogram.svg Rugby union 112
Sailing pictogram.svg Sailing 1515
Sepaktakraw pictogram.svg Sepaktakraw 2226
Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting 866666442
Soft tennis pictogram.svg Soft tennis 257
Softball pictogram.svg Softball 11
Squash pictogram.svg Squash 22
Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis 111227
Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo 444416
Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis 11327
Volleyball Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg Beach volleyball 24
Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Indoor volleyball 11
Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting 122211221115
Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 545418
Wushu pictogram.svg Wushu 2911
Daily medal events214193141352723323335271932427419
Cumulative total2163566107142169192224257292319338370412419
September / October27th
Fri
28th
Sat
29th
Sun
30th
Mon
1st
Tue
2nd
Wed
3rd
Thu
4th
Fri
5th
Sat
6th
Sun
7th
Mon
8th
Tue
9th
Wed
10th
Thu
11th
Fri
12th
Sat
13th
Sun
14th
Mon
Events

Closing ceremony

The closing ceremony with the theme “Returning Home.” was held on 14 October 2002 at the Busan Asiad Main Stadium. Japanese Swimming Kosuke Kitajima was announced as the most valuable player (MVP) of the Games. Samih Moudallal, vice president of the Olympic Council of Asia (OCA), on behalf of OCA President Sheikh Ahmad Al-Fahad Al Sabah declared the games’ closing. The Asian Games hosting right was handed over to Qatar, host of the next edition. A cultural performance of Qatar was also presented. [38] [39] [40]

Medal table

The top ten ranked NOCs at these Games are listed below. The host nation, South Korea, is highlighted.

  *   Host nation (South Korea)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China  (CHN)1508474308
2Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea  (KOR)*968084260
3Flag of Japan.svg  Japan  (JPN)447372189
4Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan  (KAZ)20263076
5Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan  (UZB)15122451
6Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand  (THA)14191043
7Flag of India.svg  India  (IND)11121336
8Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg  Chinese Taipei  (TPE)10172552
9Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea  (PRK)9111333
10Flag of Iran.svg  Iran  (IRI)8141436
11–39 Remaining 5073143266
Totals (39 nations)4274215021350

Broadcasting

Busan Asian Games Radio and Television Organization (BARTO), a joint venture between Korean Broadcasting System (KBS), Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC) and Seoul Broadcasting System (SBS), served as the host broadcaster of these Games, covered 28 of the 38 sports during the event. [41] The International Broadcast Centre was constructed in Busan Exhibition and Convention Center (BEXCO) in Haeundae District. [42] [43]

Concerns and controversies

Doping issues

On October 7, 2002, the Olympic Council of Asia announced that the bodybuilding bronze medalist in the +90 kg weight category Youssef El-Zein of Lebanon was relieved of his medal for not submitting to a drugs test. After El-Zein was disqualified, the bronze medal in the +90 kg category went to Choi Jae-Duck of South Korea (who had finished fourth). [44]

Six days later, Japanese news agency Kyodo News reported that Indian middle-distance runner Sunita Rani had tested positive for a banned substance, which was later confirmed by Lee Choon-Sup, Deputy Secretary General of the Busan Asian Games Organizing Committee; an unofficial report stated that the substance was the anabolic steroid nandrolone. Sunita had won two medals in athletics: a gold in the 1,500 m (setting an Asian Games record) and a bronze in the 5,000 m, (in which Sunita jointly bettered the Games record set by Indonesian Suprianti Sutono in Bangkok during the 1998 Asian Games with six other athletes). [45] [46] The Indian Chef de Mission at the Games backed Sunita—who denied using any banned drug—and asked for a "B" sample test from Bangkok, but tests were run only at the Asian Games’ Doping Control Center (AGDCC) in Seoul (the laboratory accredited by the IOC). On October 16, the AGDCC confirmed the steroid nandrolone in Sunita's urine sample; as a consequence, the OCA stripped her of both medals and dismissed her Asian Games record for the 1,500 m. [47] [48]

The Indian Olympic Association (IOA) requested the intervention of the International Association of Athletics Federations and the IOC; the samples were jointly reexamined by the World Anti-Doping Agency and the IOC Sub-Commission on Doping and Biochemistry of Sport. In January 2003, the OCA announced that the IOC Medical Director had cleared Sunita of the doping charge and that appropriate action would be taken against the AGDCC. [49] Both of Sunita's medals were reinstated on February 4, 2003, in a ceremony attended by the Secretary General of OCA Randhir Singh and the president of the IOA Suresh Kalmadi. [50]

Three Malaysian sepak takraw players were sent home for failing drug tests after testing positive for morphine. [51]

Missing athletes

A total of 16 athletes including 12 Nepalese, three Sri Lankans and one Mongolian were reported to be missing, which police and sports officials suspected to have find illegal jobs in South Korea. [52]

See also

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  48. "Sunita Rani stripped of medals". The Hindu. October 17, 2002. Retrieved July 10, 2011.
  49. "OCA to return Sunita Rani's medals". Rediff.com. January 7, 2003. Retrieved July 10, 2011.
  50. Unnikrishnan, M. S. (February 4, 2003). "Sunita Rani gets back her Asiad medals". The Tribune . New Delhi. Retrieved August 26, 2011.
  51. "Malaysian athletes pilloried at home". Rediff. 3 October 2002.
  52. "Jobs better than medals for some Asiad athletes". Rediff. 9 October 2002.
Preceded by
Bangkok
Asian Games
Busan

XIV Asian Games (2002)
Succeeded by
Doha