2005

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From top left, clockwise: Hurricane Katrina killed 1,836 people throughout the southern United States; the funeral of Pope John Paul II is held in Vatican City; "Me at the zoo", the first video ever to be uploaded to YouTube; Eris and its satellite were discovered in January by a Palomar Observatory-based team, becoming the tenth planet to be discovered and breaking ground for the discovery of new dwarf planets such as Haumea and Makemake; Saddam Hussein sits before an Iraqi judge at a courthouse in Baghdad and is executed the next year; the shrine and resting place for Rafic Hariri in September; the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter is launched from Kennedy Space Center, designed to explore Mars; the Live 8 concert in the Tiergarten, Berlin. 2005 Events Collage V2.png
From top left, clockwise: Hurricane Katrina killed 1,836 people throughout the southern United States; the funeral of Pope John Paul II is held in Vatican City; "Me at the zoo", the first video ever to be uploaded to YouTube; Eris and its satellite were discovered in January by a Palomar Observatory–based team, becoming the tenth planet to be discovered and breaking ground for the discovery of new dwarf planets such as Haumea and Makemake; Saddam Hussein sits before an Iraqi judge at a courthouse in Baghdad and is executed the next year; the shrine and resting place for Rafic Hariri in September; the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter is launched from Kennedy Space Center, designed to explore Mars; the Live 8 concert in the Tiergarten, Berlin.
Millennium: 3rd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
2005 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 2005
MMV
Ab urbe condita 2758
Armenian calendar 1454
ԹՎ ՌՆԾԴ
Assyrian calendar 6755
Baháʼí calendar 161–162
Balinese saka calendar 1926–1927
Bengali calendar 1412
Berber calendar 2955
British Regnal year 53  Eliz. 2   54  Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2549
Burmese calendar 1367
Byzantine calendar 7513–7514
Chinese calendar 甲申年 (Wood  Monkey)
4702 or 4495
     to 
乙酉年 (Wood  Rooster)
4703 or 4496
Coptic calendar 1721–1722
Discordian calendar 3171
Ethiopian calendar 1997–1998
Hebrew calendar 5765–5766
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2061–2062
 - Shaka Samvat 1926–1927
 - Kali Yuga 5105–5106
Holocene calendar 12005
Igbo calendar 1005–1006
Iranian calendar 1383–1384
Islamic calendar 1425–1426
Japanese calendar Heisei 17
(平成17年)
Javanese calendar 1937–1938
Juche calendar 94
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4338
Minguo calendar ROC 94
民國94年
Nanakshahi calendar 537
Thai solar calendar 2548
Tibetan calendar 阳木猴年
(male Wood-Monkey)
2131 or 1750 or 978
     to 
阴木鸡年
(female Wood-Rooster)
2132 or 1751 or 979
Unix time 1104537600 – 1136073599

2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2005th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 5th year of the 3rd millennium and the 21st century, and the 6th year of the 2000s decade.

Contents

2005 was designated as the International Year for Sport and Physical Education and the International Year of Microcredit. The beginning of 2005 also marked the end of the International Decade of the World's Indigenous People (1995–2005).

Events

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Births and deaths

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

New English words and terms

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Moon</span> Natural satellite orbiting Earth

The Moon is Earth's only natural satellite. It orbits at an average distance of 384,400 km (238,900 mi), about 30 times the diameter of Earth. Over time Earth's gravity has caused tidal locking, causing the same side of the Moon to always face Earth. Because of this, the lunar day and the lunar month are the same length, at 29.5 Earth days. The Moon's gravitational pull – and to a lesser extent, the Sun's – are the main drivers of Earth's tides.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2009</span> Calendar year

2009 (MMIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2009th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 9th year of the 3rd millennium and the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2000s decade.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2007</span> Calendar year

2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2007th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 7th year of the 3rd millennium and the 21st century, and the 8th year of the 2000s decade.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2010</span> Calendar year

2010 (MMX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2010th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 10th year of the 3rd millennium and the 21st century, and the 1st year of the 2010s decade.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Solar eclipse of July 22, 2009</span> Total eclipse

A total solar eclipse occurred at the Moon's descending node of the orbit on July 22, 2009, with a magnitude of 1.07991. It was the longest total solar eclipse during the 21st century with totality lasting a maximum of 6 minutes and 38.86 seconds off the coast of Southeast Asia, causing tourist interest in eastern China, Pakistan, Japan, India, Nepal and Bangladesh. Its greatest magnitude was 1.07991, occurring only 6 hours, 18 minutes after perigee.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Solar eclipse of June 21, 2001</span> Total eclipse

A total solar eclipse took place on June 21, 2001, with a magnitude of 1.0495. It was the first solar eclipse of the 21st century. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. Occurring 2.2 days before perigee, the Moon's apparent diameter was larger.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Solar eclipse of October 3, 2005</span> 21st-century annular solar eclipse

An annular solar eclipse occurred at the Moon's descending node of the orbit on October 3, 2005, with a magnitude of 0.958. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. An annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is smaller than the Sun's, blocking most of the Sun's light and causing the Sun to look like an annulus (ring). An annular eclipse appears as a partial eclipse over a region of the Earth thousands of kilometres wide. Occurring only 4.8 days after apogee, the Moon's apparent diameter was smaller. It was visible from a narrow corridor through the Iberian peninsula and Africa and Brazil. A partial eclipse was seen from the much broader path of the Moon's penumbra, including all of Europe, Africa and southwestern Asia. The Sun was 96% covered in a moderate annular eclipse, lasting 4 minutes and 32 seconds and covering a broad path up to 162 km wide. The next solar eclipse in Africa occurred just 6 months later.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Solar eclipse</span> Natural phenomenon wherein the Sun is obscured by the Moon

A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby obscuring the view of the Sun from a small part of Earth, totally or partially. Such an alignment occurs approximately every six months, during the eclipse season in its new moon phase, when the Moon's orbital plane is closest to the plane of Earth's orbit. In a total eclipse, the disk of the Sun is fully obscured by the Moon. In partial and annular eclipses, only part of the Sun is obscured. Unlike a lunar eclipse, which may be viewed from anywhere on the night side of Earth, a solar eclipse can only be viewed from a relatively small area of the world. As such, although total solar eclipses occur somewhere on Earth every 18 months on average, they recur at any given place only once every 360 to 410 years.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">December 2010 lunar eclipse</span> Total Lunar eclipse of 21 December 2010

A total lunar eclipse occurred from 5:27 to 11:06 UTC on 21 December 2010, coinciding with the date of the Winter solstice in the Northern Hemisphere and Summer solstice in the Southern Hemisphere. It was visible in its entirety as a total lunar eclipse in North and South America, Iceland, Ireland, Britain and northern Scandinavia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Solar eclipse of July 11, 2010</span> Total eclipse

The total solar eclipse of July 11, 2010 occurred over the southern Pacific Ocean. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Solar eclipse of January 26, 2009</span> 21st-century annular solar eclipse

An annular solar eclipse occurred at the Moon's ascending node of the orbit on Monday, January 26, 2009. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. An annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is smaller than the Sun's, blocking most of the Sun's light and causing the Sun to look like an annulus (ring). An annular eclipse appears as a partial eclipse over a region of the Earth thousands of kilometres wide. It had a magnitude of 0.9282 and was visible from a narrow corridor beginning in the south Atlantic Ocean and sweeping eastward 900 km south of Africa, slowly curving northeast through the Indian Ocean. Its first landfall was in the Cocos Islands followed by southern Sumatra and western Java. It continued somewhat more easterly across central Borneo, across the northwestern edge of Celebes, then ending just before Mindanao, Philippines. The duration of annularity at greatest eclipse lasted 7 minutes, 53.58 seconds, but at greatest duration lasted 7 minutes, 56.05 seconds.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">November 2021 lunar eclipse</span> Partial lunar eclipse of 19 November 2021

A partial lunar eclipse occurred on 19 November 2021. The eclipse occurred towards a micromoon. This was the longest partial lunar eclipse since 18 February 1440, and the longest until 8 February, 2669; however, many eclipses, including the November 2022 lunar eclipse, have a longer period of umbral contact at next to 3 hours 40 minutes. It was often referred to as a "Beaver Blood Moon" although not technically fulfilling the criteria for a true blood moon (totality).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Solar eclipse of March 9, 2016</span> Total eclipse

A total solar eclipse took place at the Moon's descending node of the orbit on March 8–9, 2016. If viewed from east of the International Date Line, the eclipse took place on March 8 (Tuesday) and elsewhere on March 9 (Wednesday). A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's and the apparent path of the Sun and Moon intersect, blocking all direct sunlight and turning daylight into darkness; the Sun appears to be black with a halo around it. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. The eclipse of March 8–9, 2016 had a magnitude of 1.0450 visible across an area of Pacific Ocean, which started in the Indian Ocean, and ended in the northern Pacific Ocean.

In contemporary history, the third millennium is the current millennium in the Anno Domini or Common Era, under the Gregorian calendar. It began on 1 January 2001 (MMI) and will end on 31 December 3000 (MMM), spanning the 21st to 30th centuries.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Solar eclipse of February 16, 1999</span> 20th-century annular solar eclipse

An annular solar eclipse occurred on February 16, 1999. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. An annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is smaller than the Sun's, blocking most of the Sun's light and causing the Sun to look like an annulus (ring). An annular eclipse appears as a partial eclipse over a region of the Earth thousands of kilometres wide. Annularity was visible in the southern Indian Ocean including the Prince Edward Islands, South Africa, and Australia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Solar eclipse of December 4, 2021</span> Total eclipse in Antarctica

A total solar eclipse took place on Saturday, December 4, 2021, when the Moon passed between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. This eclipse was unusual as the path of the total eclipse moved from east to west across West Antarctica, while most eclipse paths move from west to east. This reversal is only possible in polar regions. Its path across Antarctica crossed near Berkner Island, traversed an arc over the continent and passed over Shepard Island.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Solar eclipse of April 20, 2023</span>

A hybrid solar eclipse occurred on Thursday, April 20, 2023. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun thereby totally or partly obscuring the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A hybrid solar eclipse is a rare type of solar eclipse that changes its appearance from annular to total and back as the Moon's shadow moves across the Earth's surface. Totality occurs in a narrow path across the surface of the Earth, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometers wide. Hybrid solar eclipses are extremely rare, occurring in only 3.1% of solar eclipses in the 21st century.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Solar eclipse of July 20, 1963</span> Total eclipse

A total solar eclipse occurred on July 20, 1963. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is at least the same size as the Sun's or larger, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with a partial solar eclipse visible over the surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. Totality was visible from Hokkaido in Japan and Kuril Islands in Soviet Union on July 21, and Alaska, and Maine in the United States and also Canada on July 20. Astronomer Charles H. Smiley observed the eclipse from a U.S. Air Force F-104D Starfighter supersonic aircraft that was "racing the Moon's shadow" at 1,300 mph (2,100 km/h) extending the duration of totality to 4 minutes 3 seconds. The Moon was 375,819 km from the Earth.

Photography and other imagery of planet Earth from outer space started in the 1940s, first from rockets in suborbital flight, subsequently from satellites around Earth, and then from spacecraft beyond Earth's orbit.

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Sources

Commons-logo.svg Media related to 2005 at Wikimedia Commons