2006 Czech legislative election

Last updated

2006 Czech legislative election
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg
  2002 2–3 June 2006 2010  

All 200 seats in the Chamber of Deputies
101 seats needed for a majority
 First partySecond partyThird party
  Mirek Topolanek.jpg Jiri Paroubek.JPG Vojtech Filip 2013 (cropped).JPG
Leader Mirek Topolánek Jiří Paroubek Vojtěch Filip
Party ODS ČSSD KSČM
Leader's seatPragueÚstí nad LabemSouth Bohemia
Last election24.48%, 58 seats30.21%, 70 seats18.51%, 41 seats
Seats won817426
Seat changeIncrease2.svg23Increase2.svg4Decrease2.svg15
Popular vote1,892,4751,728,827685,328
Percentage35.38%32.32%12.81%

 Fourth partyFifth party
  Ing.Miroslav Kalousek.jpg Bursik.jpg
Leader Miroslav Kalousek Martin Bursík
Party KDU-ČSL SZ
Leader's seatSouth BohemiaPrague
Last election14.28%, 31 seats2.37%, 0 seats
Seats won136
Seat changeDecrease2.svg18Increase2.svg6
Popular vote386,706336,487
Percentage7.23%6.29%

Poslanecka snemovna 2006.png
Winning parties by district

Prime Minister before election

Jiří Paroubek
ČSSD

Prime Minister after election

Mirek Topolánek
ODS

Legislative elections were held in the Czech Republic on 2 and 3 June 2006 to elect the members of the Chamber of Deputies. [1]

Contents

A major scandal broke out a few days before the elections when a classified report by Jan Kubice, the head of the anti-organised crime unit, was leaked to the media, accusing the ruling Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) of corruption and interference in police investigations. The Civic Democratic Party (ODS) and the Social Democratic Party, the two largest parties, obtained their highest percentage of votes ever. Turnout increased from the previous elections election in 2002.

The elections produced an evenly balanced result. One potential coalition – the Civic Democratic Party, Christian Democrats (KDU-ČSL) and Greens – won exactly half of the 200 seats, while the Social Democratic Party and the Communists (KSČM) held the other half, meaning that either coalition would struggle to pass legislation.

Following the elections, 230 days passed without a new government being formed. Eventually, a coalition government formed of the Civic Democratic Party, KDU-ČSL and the Greens passed a confidence vote on 19 January 2007, when two Social Democrat deputies abstained.

Campaign

Several weeks before the elections, police officer Jan Kubice, head of the squad for investigating organised crime, suggested that senior figures from the police and the government were trying to cover up their cooperation with organised crime. He was summoned before a parliament commission a few days before the election where he presented a document; the contents of the document were leaked immediately.

The document suggested that former Prime Minister Stanislav Gross had connections with the criminal underground and hinted that Prime Minister Jiří Paroubek was indirectly involved in a murder, dealt with the mafia and was a pedophile. It also contained information about minor officials, some of whom had already been imprisoned for bribery. [2] [3]

Paroubek and the others denied these claims and accused the opposition Civic Democratic Party of trying to manufacture a scandal to help them in the elections. After the elections, Paroubek said that the allegations cost his party, the Social Democratic Party, victory and that democracy was in as much danger as in 1948, when the Communists seized power. He raised the possibility of challenging the election result, though this did not happen. [4]

Campaign Finances

Party ČSSD ODS KDU-ČSL KSČM SZ US-DEU
Money Spent120,000,000 Kč [5] 80,000,000 KČ [5] 43,000,000 Kč [5] 22,000,000 Kč [5] 13,000,000 Kč [6] 11,000,000 Kč [6]

Electoral system

The Chamber of Deputies consists of 200 members elected for a four-year term. Seats were allocated by proportional representation between those lists that gained over 5% of the national total of valid votes cast.

Party lists were presented in 14 regions, with votes cast for a list, although voters were allowed up to two preference votes for candidates on that list.

The Czech Republic has a parliamentary system of government, with ministers being responsible to the Chamber of Deputies. The Chamber is the most powerful organ of the state with power to override vetoes by the President and the Senate.

Opinion polls

DatePolling Firm ODS ČSSD KSČM KDU-ČSL SZ US-DEU NEZDEM SNK-ED NEZ Others
2-3 Jun 2006Election35.332.312.87.26.30.30.72.10.62.4
25–26 May 2006 SC&C 30.824.212.15.88.6N/AN/AN/AN/A
22 May 2006 Median 19.020.012.26.08.9N/AN/AN/AN/A
18–24 May 2006 Factum Invenio 27.828.517.39.08.61.1N/A1.5N/A3.0
19 May 2006 CVVM 32.028.015.55.510.50.51.02.52.02.5
12 May 2016 Factum Invenio 29.022.816.711.39.8N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
9. May 2006 STEM 26.725.213.05.47.10.30.20.90.4N/A
19 April 2006 STEM 26.821.313.34.910.60.5N/A1.10.5N/A
18 April 2006 Factum Invenio 29.523.618.112.310.0N/AN/AN/AN/AN/A
13 April 2006 SC&C 24.015.011.04.010.0N/AN/AN/AN/A35.0
3 April 2006 Factum Invenio 29.325.317.69.910.52.20.60.81.72.1
24 March 2006 CVVM 25.521.012.56.510.0N/AN/AN/AN/A24.5
17 March 2006 STEM 26.721.812.46.19.40.30.11.00.821.6
16 February 2006 STEM 28.624.515.36.45.60.30.20.51.015.6
2 February 2006 CVVM 36.035.014.58.03.01.0N/AN/A1.01.5
18 January 2006 STEM 28.627.213.26.73.40.50.31.00.818.3

Results

The election produced a deadlock, leaving all the coalitions which were considered likely before the election (ODS-KDU-ČSL-Greens; ČSSD-KSČM; ČSSD-KDU-ČSL-Greens) with less than the 101 votes required to pass legislation or to pass a confidence vote for the new cabinet in the Chamber of Deputies (100, 100 and 93 votes, respectively). Remaining possibilities included a grand coalition of the Civic Democratic Party and the Social Democratic Party, which would command a large majority, totalling 155 seats against 45; a minority cabinet of either of the 100-vote coalitions, which would have negotiate with the opposition to get the majority required for a confidence vote or to pass any legislation; or fresh elections.

On 26 June, the Civic Democratic Party, KDU-ČSL and the Greens announced that they had agreed on a coalition.

Chambre des deputes Tchequie 2006.svg
PartyVotes%Seats+/–
Civic Democratic Party 1,892,47535.3881+23
Czech Social Democratic Party 1,728,82732.3274+4
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 685,32812.8126–15
KDU-ČSL 386,7067.2313–10
Green Party 336,4876.296+6
SNK European Democrats 111,7242.0900
Independent Democrats 36,7080.690New
Independents 33,0300.620New
Party of Common Sense 24,8280.4600
Right Bloc 20,3820.3800
Freedom Union – Democratic Union 16,4570.310–8
Law and Justice 12,7560.240New
Moravané 12,5520.230New
Equal Opportunities Party10,8790.200New
National Party 9,3410.170New
Coalition for the Czech Republic8,1400.150New
Koruna Česká 7,2930.140New
Balbín's Poetic Party6,8970.1300
4 VIZE3,1090.060New
Czech National Social Party 1,3870.0300
Helax-Ostrava se bavi1,3750.030New
Humanist Party8570.020New
Folklore and Society5740.010New
Czech Right3950.0100
Liberal Reform Party 2530.000New
National Unity 2160.000New
Total5,348,976100.002000
Valid votes5,348,97699.64
Invalid/blank votes19,5190.36
Total votes5,368,495100.00
Registered voters/turnout8,333,30564.42
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

By region

Winning parties by region Czech parliament elections 2006 map.png
Winning parties by region

Prague

PartyVotes%Seats
Civic Democratic Party 317,22448.3214
Czech Social Democratic Party 152,96223.306
Green Party 60,3849.202
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 51,9257.912
KDU-ČSL 31,8204.851
SNK European Democrats 23,3863.560
Other parties18,7942.860
Total656,495100.0025

Central Bohemian Region

PartyVotes%Seats
Civic Democratic Party 243,01239.1910
Czech Social Democratic Party 190,60730.748
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 79,96412.902
Green Party 37,2196.001
KDU-ČSL 30,2074.871
SNK European Democrats 13,0552.110
Other parties25,9834.190
Total620,047100.0022

South Bohemian Region

PartyVotes%Seats
Civic Democratic Party 123,80436.696
Czech Social Democratic Party 102,83330.484
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 45,09913.372
KDU-ČSL 27,6308.191
Green Party 19,9245.910
Other parties18,0975.360
Total337,387100.0013

Plzeň Region

PartyVotes%Seats
Civic Democratic Party 105,39136.465
Czech Social Democratic Party 91,60631.694
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 40,57814.042
Green Party 17,0905.910
KDU-ČSL 16,3385.650
Other parties18,0466.240
Total289,049100.0011

Karlovy Vary Region

PartyVotes%Seats
Civic Democratic Party 49,18935.872
Czech Social Democratic Party 44,88732.742
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 20,32314.821
Green Party 9,2066.710
KDU-ČSL 4,7233.440
Other parties8,7896.410
Total137,117100.005

Ústí nad Labem Region

PartyVotes%Seats
Czech Social Democratic Party 132,89535.466
Civic Democratic Party 130,36534.795
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 60,17516.062
Green Party 22,6166.041
KDU-ČSL 8,3652.230
Other parties20,3205.420
Total374,736100.0014

Liberec Region

PartyVotes%Seats
Civic Democratic Party 83,64738.814
Czech Social Democratic Party 63,18129.323
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 24,82311.521
Green Party 20,6469.580
KDU-ČSL 9,1314.240
Other parties14,0826.530
Total215,510100.008

Hradec Králové Region

PartyVotes%Seats
Civic Democratic Party 111,46637.675
Czech Social Democratic Party 89,20430.144
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 34,09311.521
KDU-ČSL 19,8936.721
Green Party 19,8196.700
SNK European Democrats 9,1263.080
Other parties12,3304.170
Total295,931100.0011

Pardubice Region

PartyVotes%Seats
Civic Democratic Party 91,11333.264
Czech Social Democratic Party 90,26832.954
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 33,95612.401
KDU-ČSL 24,0238.771
Green Party 17,1486.260
SNK European Democrats 6,6412.420
Other parties10,7723.930
Total273,921100.0010

Vysočina Region

PartyVotes%Seats
Czech Social Democratic Party 97,56835.354
Civic Democratic Party 76,39327.683
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 40,48014.672
KDU-ČSL 33,58712.171
Green Party 13,5144.900
SNK European Democrats 5,5252.000
Other parties8,9303.240
Total275,997100.0010

South Moravian Region

PartyVotes%Seats
Czech Social Democratic Party 200,61932.958
Civic Democratic Party 186,77930.688
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 83,68713.753
KDU-ČSL 67,86511.153
Green Party 37,7716.201
Other parties32,0835.270
Total608,804100.0023

Olomouc Region

PartyVotes%Seats
Czech Social Democratic Party 118,33435.455
Civic Democratic Party 101,15130.304
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 49,02614.692
KDU-ČSL 27,6098.271
Green Party 18,3985.510
Other parties19,3315.790
Total333,849100.0012

Zlín Region

PartyVotes%Seats
Czech Social Democratic Party 106,48133.285
Civic Democratic Party 101,37631.694
KDU-ČSL 41,66313.022
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 35,99811.251
Green Party 16,2245.070
Other parties18,1915.690
Total319,933100.0012

Moravian-Silesian Region

PartyVotes%Seats
Czech Social Democratic Party 247,38240.5411
Civic Democratic Party 171,56528.127
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 85,20113.963
KDU-ČSL 43,8527.191
Green Party 26,5284.351
Other parties35,6725.850
Total610,200100.0023

Related Research Articles

Czech Social Democratic Party Centre-left Czech political party

The Czech Social Democratic Party is a social-democratic political party in the Czech Republic. Sitting on the centre-left of the political spectrum and holding pro-European views, it is a member of the Party of European Socialists, the Socialist International, and the Progressive Alliance. Masaryk Democratic Academy is the party-affiliated's think tank.

KDU-ČSL Czech political party

KDU-ČSL, often shortened to lidovci is a Christian-democratic political party in the Czech Republic. The party has taken part in almost every Czech government since 1990. In the June 2006 legislative election, the party won 7.2% of the vote and 13 out of 200 seats; but in the 2010 election, its vote share dropped to 4.4% and they lost all of its seats. The party regained its parliamentary standing in the 2013 legislative election, winning 14 seats in the new parliament, thereby becoming the first party ever to return to the Chamber of Deputies after previously dropping out.

Civic Democratic Alliance Political party in the Czech Republic

The Civic Democratic Alliance was a conservative-liberal political party in the Czech Republic, active between 1989 and 2007. The ODA was part of government coalitions until 1997 and participated in transformation of the Czech economy. The party was supported by president Václav Havel who voted for it in 1992 and 1996 election.

Civic Democratic Party (Czech Republic) Czech political party

The Civic Democratic Party is a liberal-conservative and soft eurosceptic political party in the Czech Republic. It holds 34 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, and is the second strongest party by number of seats following the 2021 election. It is the only political party in the Czech Republic that has always been represented in the Chamber of Deputies.

Miroslav Kalousek Czech politician

Miroslav Kalousek is a Czech politician, former leader of KDU-ČSL and TOP 09, and has been a member of the Chamber of Deputies (MP) since 1998. He served twice as Finance Minister in the cabinets of Mirek Topolánek and then again from 2010 to 2013 in the government of Petr Nečas.

Jiří Paroubek Czech politician

Jiří Paroubek is a Czech politician, who was the prime minister of the Czech Republic from April 2005 to August 2006. He was also the leader of the Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) from 2006 until his resignation following the 2010 legislative election.

2008 Czech presidential election

Indirect presidential elections were held in the Czech Republic on 8–9 February 2008, in which Parliament elected the President. The candidates standing for election were the incumbent president Václav Klaus and University of Michigan Professor Jan Švejnar.

2009 European Parliament election in the Czech Republic

The 2009 European Parliament election in Czech Republic was the election of the delegation from Czech Republic to the European Parliament in 2009. The Civic Democratic Party has won the election with a surprisingly strong lead against the Czech Social Democratic Party. Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia came third and the Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party became the last party to enter the Parliament.

2010 Czech legislative election

Legislative elections were held in the Czech Republic on 28–29 May 2010 to elect the 200 members of the Chamber of Deputies. The elections had been expected to take place sometime before the end of 2009, but was postponed due to legal challenges. Before the election, the country had been governed by a caretaker administration headed by Jan Fischer. The Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) was the front-runner of the election and its leader Jiří Paroubek was the favourite to become the new Prime Minister.

2013 Czech legislative election

Early legislative elections were held in the Czech Republic on 25 and 26 October 2013, seven months before the constitutional expiry of the elected parliament's four-year legislative term.

2012 Czech regional elections

Elections to regional councils in the Czech Republic were held in 13 regions on 12–13 October 2012. The Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) won in nine regions, though with a considerable loss of vote share. The Communist Party won in two regions and increased its vote share, finishing second overall. The election results were widely seen as a defeat for the Civic Democratic Party (ODS), which finished third overall and won only in the Plzeň Region. The regional grouping Mayors for Liberec Region won unexpectedly in Liberec Region.

2017 Czech legislative election Election in the Czech Republic

Legislative elections were held in the Czech Republic on 20 and 21 October 2017. All 200 members of the Chamber of Deputies were elected and Andrej Babiš of ANO 2011, also the leader of the resultant government, became the Prime Minister. The coalition government following the 2013 legislative election consisted of the two largest parties: the Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) of Prime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka, and ANO 2011 (ANO), led by former Finance Minister and businessman Andrej Babiš, alongside the Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party (KDU–ČSL). The largest opposition party was the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSČM), followed by centre-right parties TOP 09 and the Civic Democratic Party (ODS).

2016 Czech Senate election

Senate elections were held in the Czech Republic on 7 and 8 October 2016, with a second round on 14 and 15 of October. The first round was held alongside regional elections and several municipal referendums, notably in a referendum in Brno on the location of the town's train station.

2021 Czech legislative election Czech Republic election

Legislative elections were held in the Czech Republic on 8 and 9 October 2021. All 200 members of the Chamber of Deputies were elected, with the leader of the resulting government to become the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic. Following the 2017 Czech legislative election, the country has been ruled by a minority government consisting of ANO 2011 (ANO), led by prime minister Andrej Babiš, and the Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD), led by interior minister Jan Hamáček, with confidence and supply support from the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia (KSČM) until April 2021. The largest opposition party was the Civic Democratic Party (ODS), followed by the Czech Pirate Party. Other parties in the Chamber of Deputies included SPD, TOP 09, STAN, and KDU-ČSL.

The Opposition Agreement was a political agreement between two major parties in the Czech Republic, the Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) and the Civic Democratic Party (ODS). ČSSD was allowed to govern alone while ODS received a number of parliamentary posts and the two parties together adopted several constitutional amendments. It was signed by Miloš Zeman and Václav Klaus on 8 July 1998.

2014 Plzeň municipal election

Plzeň municipal election in 2014 was held as part of 2014 Czech municipal elections. It was held on 10 and 11 October 2014. ANO 2011 received the highest number of votes but Civic Democratic Party (ODS) and Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) won the same number of seats in the City's assembly. Civic Democratic Party ruled in Plzeň more than 20 years but was expected to lose its positions and receive only 10% of votes. In an electoral upset, ODS received more than 17%. Leader of local Civic Democrats Martin Baxa said that he believes that ODS was the actual victor of the election. Voter turnout was 33.73%.

Municipal election in Ostrava was held as part of Czech municipal elections in 2014. It was a victory of ANO 2011. Tomáš Macura then became new Mayor when he formed coalition with ČSSD and KDU-ČSL.

1998 President of the Senate of the Czech Republic election

An election of the President of the Senate of the Czech Republic was held on 16 December 1998. Libuše Benešová was elected the new President, defeating the incumbent Petr Pithart.

Municipal election in Ostrava will be held as part of Czech municipal elections in 2018.

2020 Czech regional elections

Elections to regional councils in the Czech Republic in 13 regions were held on 2–3 October 2020.

References

  1. Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p471 ISBN   978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. Respekt: Last week 23/2006
  3. idnes.cz: Ministrem vnitra bude Kubice, John ve vládě zůstane jako vicepremiér
  4. Český rozhlas: Surprises of the June 2006 elections
  5. 1 2 3 4 "Kampaň k volbám do Poslanecké sněmovny 2006 - IPM". IPM.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 14 August 2016.
  6. 1 2 "Volby provětrají stranické pokladny, úspěšným se to vyplatí | ČeskéNoviny.cz". www.ceskenoviny.cz. Retrieved 14 August 2016.