2008

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Establishments and disestablishments categories
EstablishmentsDisestablishments
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WorksIntroductions
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2008 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 2008
MMVIII
Ab urbe condita 2761
Armenian calendar 1457
ԹՎ ՌՆԾԷ
Assyrian calendar 6758
Bahá'í calendar 164–165
Balinese saka calendar 1929–1930
Bengali calendar 1415
Berber calendar 2958
British Regnal year 56  Eliz. 2   57  Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2552
Burmese calendar 1370
Byzantine calendar 7516–7517
Chinese calendar 丁亥(Fire  Pig)
4704 or 4644
     to 
戊子年 (Earth  Rat)
4705 or 4645
Coptic calendar 1724–1725
Discordian calendar 3174
Ethiopian calendar 2000–2001
Hebrew calendar 5768–5769
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2064–2065
 - Shaka Samvat 1929–1930
 - Kali Yuga 5108–5109
Holocene calendar 12008
Igbo calendar 1008–1009
Iranian calendar 1386–1387
Islamic calendar 1428–1430
Japanese calendar Heisei 20
(平成20年)
Javanese calendar 1940–1941
Juche calendar 97
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4341
Minguo calendar ROC 97
民國97年
Nanakshahi calendar 540
Thai solar calendar 2551
Tibetan calendar 阴火猪年
(female Fire-Pig)
2134 or 1753 or 981
     to 
阳土鼠年
(male Earth-Rat)
2135 or 1754 or 982
Unix time 1199145600 – 1230767999

2008 ( MMVIII ) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar , the 2008th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 8th year of the 3rd millennium , the 8th year of the 21st century , and the 9th year of the 2000s decade.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A leap year is a calendar year containing one additional day added to keep the calendar year synchronized with the astronomical or seasonal year. Because seasons and astronomical events do not repeat in a whole number of days, calendars that have the same number of days in each year drift over time with respect to the event that the year is supposed to track. By inserting an additional day or month into the year, the drift can be corrected. A year that is not a leap year is called a common year.

A leap year starting on Tuesday is any year with 366 days that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Wednesday, 31 December. Its dominical letters hence are FE, such as the years 1884, 1924, 1952, 1980, 2008, 2036, 2064, 2092, and 2104 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 1964, 1992, and 2020 in the obsolete Julian calendar. Any leap year that starts on Tuesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this leap year occurs in June. Common years starting on Wednesday share this characteristic.

Contents

2008 was designated as:

The United Nations General Assembly proclaimed 2008 as the International Year of Languages, pursuant to a resolution of UNESCO. The resolution also reaffirmed the need to achieve full parity among the six official languages on United Nations websites.

The United Nations General Assembly declared 2008 as the International Year of Planet Earth to increase awareness of the importance of Earth sciences for the advancement of sustainable development. UNESCO was designated as the lead agency. The Year's activities spanned the three years 2006-2009.

International Year of Sanitation

The year 2008 was declared the International Year of Sanitation by the United Nations in conjunction with the Water for Life Decade.

Events

January

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year. This day is known as New Year's Day since the day marks the beginning of the year. It is also the first day of the first quarter of the year and the first half of the year.

Cyprus Island country in Mediterranean

Cyprus, officially the Republic of Cyprus, is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean, located south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel, north of Egypt, and southeast of Greece.

Malta island republic in Europe

Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta, is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea. It lies 80 km (50 mi) south of Italy, 284 km (176 mi) east of Tunisia, and 333 km (207 mi) north of Libya. With a population of about 475,000 over an area of 316 km2 (122 sq mi), Malta is the world's tenth smallest and fifth most densely populated country. Its capital is Valletta, which is the smallest national capital in the European Union by area at 0.8 km.2 The official languages are Maltese and English, with Maltese officially recognised as the national language and the only Semitic language in the European Union.

February

February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 330 days remaining until the end of the year.

Iran Country in Western Asia

Iran, also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center.

Rocket missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle that obtains thrust from a rocket engine

A rocket is a missile, spacecraft, aircraft or other vehicle that obtains thrust from a rocket engine. Rocket engine exhaust is formed entirely from propellant carried within the rocket before use. Rocket engines work by action and reaction and push rockets forward simply by expelling their exhaust in the opposite direction at high speed, and can therefore work in the vacuum of space.

March

2007–08 world food price crisis World food prices increased dramatically in 2007 and the 1st and 2nd quarter of 2008

World food prices increased dramatically in 2007 and the first and second quarter of 2008, creating a global crisis and causing political and economic instability and social unrest in both poor and developed nations. Although the media spotlight focused on the riots that ensued in the face of high prices, the ongoing crisis of food insecurity had been years in the making. Systemic causes for the worldwide increases in food prices continue to be the subject of debate. After peaking in the second quarter of 2008, prices fell dramatically during the late-2000s recession but increased during late 2009 and 2010, reaching new heights in 2011 and 2012 at a level slightly higher than the level reached in 2008. Over the next years, prices fell, reaching a low in March 2016 with the deflated Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) food price index close to pre-crisis level of 2006. Since then prices have been increasing, but As of May 2017 they have not reached crisis levels again.

Third World A term coined during the Cold War and for a while used to denote developing countries in general

During the Cold War, the term Third World referred to the developing countries of Asia, Africa, and Latin America, the nations not aligned with either the First World or the Second World. This usage has become relatively rare due to the ending of the Cold War.

March 2 is the 61st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 304 days remaining until the end of the year.

April

April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 253 days remaining until the end of the year.

Moorfields Eye Hospital Hospital in London

Moorfields Eye Hospital is a specialist NHS eye hospital in St Luke's in London, England run by Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust. Together with the UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, which is adjacent to the hospital, it is the oldest and largest centre for ophthalmic treatment, teaching and research in Europe.

A visual prosthesis, often referred to as a bionic eye, is an experimental visual device intended to restore functional vision in those suffering from partial or total blindness. Many devices have been developed, usually modeled on the cochlear implant or bionic ear devices, a type of neural prosthesis in use since the mid-1980s. The idea of using electrical current to provide sight dates back to the 18th century, discussed by Benjamin Franklin, Tiberius Cavallo, and Charles LeRoy.

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Births

Deaths

January

Heath Ledger Heath Ledger (Berlin Film Festival 2006) revised.jpg
Heath Ledger
Suharto President Suharto, 1993.jpg
Suharto

February

Roy Scheider Roy Scheider 2007.jpg
Roy Scheider
Janez Drnovsek Janez Drnovsek.jpg
Janez Drnovšek

March

Arthur C. Clarke Clarke.jpg
Arthur C. Clarke
Paul Scofield Paul Scofield Allan Warren.jpg
Paul Scofield

April

Charlton Heston Charlton Heston in Amsterdam. Charlton Heston, Bestanddeelnr 921-2291.jpg
Charlton Heston

May

Irena Sendler Irena Sendlerowa 2005-02-13 zoom.jpg
Irena Sendler
Sydney Pollack Sydney Pollack.jpg
Sydney Pollack

June

Chinghiz Aitmatov Tschingis Ajtmatow.jpg
Chinghiz Aitmatov
Cyd Charisse Cyd Charisse - 1949.jpg
Cyd Charisse
George Carlin Jesus is coming.. Look Busy (George Carlin).jpg
George Carlin

July

Jesse Helms JesseHelms.jpg
Jesse Helms

August

Bernie Mac BernieMacSoulMenMarch08.jpg
Bernie Mac
Isaac Hayes Isaac Hayes 2.jpg
Isaac Hayes

September

Paul Newman Paul Newman - 1958.jpg
Paul Newman

October

Jorg Haider JoergHaider Sep07.JPG
Jörg Haider

November

Michael Crichton MichaelCrichton 2.jpg
Michael Crichton

December

Alexy II Patriarch Alexey II of Russia.jpg
Alexy II
Horst Tappert Horst Tappert retouched.jpg
Horst Tappert
Mark Felt MarkFelt.jpg
Mark Felt
Eartha Kitt Eartha Kitt 2007.jpg
Eartha Kitt

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

New English words

See also

Related Research Articles

2000 (MM) was a century leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2000th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 1000th and last year of the 2nd millennium, the 100th and last year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 2000s decade.

1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1951st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 951st year of the 2nd millennium, the 51st year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1950s decade.

1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1957th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 957th year of the 2nd millennium, the 57th year of the 20th century, and the 8th year of the 1950s decade.

2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2002nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 2nd year of the 3rd millennium, the 2nd year of the 21st century, and the 3rd year of the 2000s decade.

2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2004th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 4th year of the 3rd millennium, the 4th year of the 21st century, and the 5th year of the 2000s decade.

2009 (MMIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2009th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 9th year of the 3rd millennium, the 9th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2000s decade.

2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2005th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 5th year of the 3rd millennium, the 5th year of the 21st century, and the 6th year of the 2000s decade.

2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2003rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 3rd year of the 3rd millennium, the 3rd year of the 21st century, and the 4th year of the 2000s decade.

2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2006th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 6th year of the 3rd millennium, the 6th year of the 21st century, and the 7th year of the 2000s decade.

2011 (MMXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2011th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 11th year of the 3rd millennium, the 11th year of the 21st century, and the 2nd year of the 2010s decade.

2010 (MMX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2010th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 10th year of the 3rd millennium, the 10th year of the 21st century, and the 1st year of the 2010s decade.

2013 (MMXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2013th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 13th year of the 3rd millennium, the 13th year of the 21st century, and the 4th year of the 2010s decade.

2012 (MMXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2012th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 12th year of the 3rd millennium, the 12th year of the 21st century, and the 3rd year of the 2010s decade.

2014 (MMXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2014th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 14th year of the 3rd millennium, the 14th year of the 21st century, and the 5th year of the 2010s decade.

2015 (MMXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2015th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 15th year of the 3rd millennium, the 15th year of the 21st century, and the 6th year of the 2010s decade.

2016 (MMXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2016th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 16th year of the 3rd millennium, the 16th year of the 21st century, and the 7th year of the 2010s decade.

2017 (MMXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2017th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 17th year of the 3rd millennium, the 17th year of the 21st century, and the 8th year of the 2010s decade.

2018 (MMXVIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2018th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 18th year of the 3rd millennium, the 18th year of the 21st century, and the 9th year of the 2010s decade.

1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1950th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 950th year of the 2nd millennium, the 50th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1950s decade.

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