200 metres

Last updated

Athletics
200 metres
London 2012 200m heat 1 start.jpg
Athletes leaving starting blocks for a 200 metres heat at the 2012 Olympic Games
World records
Men Flag of Jamaica.svg Usain Bolt 19.19 (2009)
Women Flag of the United States.svg Florence Griffith-Joyner 21.34 (1988)
Olympic records
Men Flag of Jamaica.svg Usain Bolt 19.30 (2008)
Women Flag of the United States.svg Florence Griffith-Joyner 21.34 (1988)
World Championship records
Men Flag of Jamaica.svg Usain Bolt 19.19 (2009)
Women Flag of Jamaica.svg Shericka Jackson 21.45 (2022)

The 200 metres, or 200-meter dash, is a sprint running event. On an outdoor 400 metre racetrack, the race begins on the curve and ends on the home straight, so a combination of techniques is needed to successfully run the race. A slightly shorter race, called the stadion and run on a straight track, was the first recorded event at the ancient Olympic Games. The 200 m places more emphasis on speed endurance than shorter sprint distances as athletes predominantly rely on anaerobic energy system during the 200 m sprint. Similarly to other sprint distances, the 200 m begins from the starting blocks. When the sprinters adopt the 'set' position in the blocks they are able to adopt a more efficient starting posture and isometrically preload their muscles. This enables them to stride forwards more powerfully when the race begins and start faster.

Contents

In the United States and elsewhere, athletes previously ran the 220-yard dash (201.168 m) instead of the 200 m (218.723 yards), though the distance is now obsolete. The standard adjustment used for the conversion from times recorded over 220 yards to 200 m times is to subtract 0.1 seconds, [1] but other conversion methods exist. Another obsolete version of this race is the 200 metres straight, which was run on tracks that contained such a straight. Initially, when the International Amateur Athletic Association (now known as the International Association of Athletics Federations) started to ratify world records in 1912, only records set on a straight track were eligible for consideration. In 1951, the IAAF started to recognise records set on a curved track. In 1976, the straight record was discarded.

The race attracts runners from other events, primarily the 100 metres, wishing to double up and claim both titles. This feat has been achieved by men eleven times at the Olympic Games: by Archie Hahn in 1904, Ralph Craig in 1912, Percy Williams in 1928, Eddie Tolan in 1932, Jesse Owens in 1936, Bobby Morrow in 1956, Valeriy Borzov in 1972, Carl Lewis in 1984, and most recently by Jamaica's Usain Bolt in 2008, 2012, and 2016. The double has been accomplished by women eight times: by Fanny Blankers-Koen in 1948, Marjorie Jackson in 1952, Betty Cuthbert in 1956, Wilma Rudolph in 1960, Renate Stecher in 1972, Florence Griffith-Joyner in 1988, and Elaine Thompson-Herah in 2016 and 2021. Marion Jones finished first in both races in 2000 but was later disqualified and stripped of her medals after admitting to taking performance-enhancing drugs. An Olympic double of 200 m and 400 m was first achieved by Valerie Brisco-Hooks in 1984, and later by Michael Johnson from the United States and Marie-José Pérec of France both in 1996. Usain Bolt is the only man to repeat as Olympic champion, Bärbel Wöckel (née Eckert), Veronica Campbell-Brown and Elaine Thompson-Herah are the three women who have repeated as Olympic champion.

The men's world record holder is Usain Bolt of Jamaica, who ran 19.19 s at the 2009 World Championships. The women's world record holder is Florence Griffith-Joyner of the United States, who ran 21.34 s at the 1988 Summer Olympics. The reigning Olympic champions are Andre De Grasse (CAN) and Elaine Thompson-Herah (JAM). The reigning World Champions are Noah Lyles (USA) and Shericka Jackson (JAM).

Races run with an aiding wind measured over 2.0 metres per second are not acceptable for record purposes.

Athletics Men's 200 Final, 27th Summer Universiade 2013, Kazan

Continental records

AreaMenWomen
Time (s)Wind (m/s)AthleteNationTime (s)Wind (m/s)AthleteNation
Africa ( records )19.68+0.4 Frankie Fredericks Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia 21.81+0.8 Christine Mboma Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia
Asia ( records )19.88+0.9 Xie Zhenye Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 22.010.0 Li Xuemei Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
Europe ( records )19.72 [A] +1.8 Pietro Mennea Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 21.63+0.2 Dafne Schippers Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
North, Central America
and Caribbean
( records )
19.19 WR −0.3 Usain Bolt Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 21.34 WR +1.3 Florence Griffith-Joyner Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Oceania ( records )20.06 [A] +0.9 Peter Norman Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 22.23+0.8 Melinda Gainsford-Taylor Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
South America ( records )19.81−0.3 Alonso Edward Flag of Panama.svg  Panama 22.48+1.0 Ana Cláudia Lemos Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil

Notes

  • A Represents a mark set at a high altitude.

All-time top 25

Men (outdoor)

Ath.#Perf.#Time (s)Wind (m/s)AthleteNationDatePlaceRef
1119.19−0.3 Usain Bolt Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 20 AUG 2009 Berlin [6]
2219.26+0.7 Yohan Blake Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 16 SEP 2011 Brussels [7]
319.30−0.9Bolt #220 AUG 2008 Beijing
3419.31+0.4 Noah Lyles Flag of the United States.svg  United States 21 JUL 2022 Eugene [8]
4519.32+0.4 Michael Johnson Flag of the United States.svg  United States 01 AUG 1996 Atlanta
519.32+0.4Bolt #309 AUG 2012 London
719.40+0.8Bolt #403 SEP 2011 Daegu
819.44+0.4Blake #209 AUG 2012 London
919.46+0.8Lyles #210 AUG 2022 Monaco [9]
51019.49+1.4 Erriyon Knighton Flag of the United States.svg  United States 30 APR 2022 Baton Rouge [10]
1119.50−0.1Lyles #305 JUL 2019 Lausanne
1219.52+1.5Lyles #421 AUG 2021 Eugene
−0.6Lyles #508 SEP 2022 Zürich
61419.53+0.7 Walter Dix Flag of the United States.svg  United States 16 SEP 2011 Brussels
1519.54±0.0Blake #307 SEP 2012 Brussels
1619.55−0.1Bolt #527 AUG 2015 Beijing
1719.56−0.8Bolt #601 MAY 2010 Kingston
+1.3Lyles #626 AUG 2022 Lausanne [11]
1919.57±0.0Bolt #704 SEP 2009 Brussels
71919.57+0.4 Justin Gatlin Flag of the United States.svg  United States 28 JUN 2015 Eugene [12]
82119.58+1.3 Tyson Gay Flag of the United States.svg  United States 30 MAY 2009 New York City
2119.58+1.4Bolt #823 AUG 2012 Lausanne
2319.59−0.9Bolt #907 JUL 2009 Lausanne
2419.61+1.3Lyles #712 JUN 2022 New York City [13]
2519.62−0.3Gay #224 JUN 2007 Indianapolis
92519.62−0.5 Andre De Grasse Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 04 AUG 2021 Tokyo [14]
2519.62−0.1Lyles #819 JUL 2022 Eugene [15]
1019.63+0.4 Xavier Carter Flag of the United States.svg  United States 11 JUL 2006 Lausanne
+1.2 Reynier Mena Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 03 JUL 2022 La Chaux-de-Fonds [16]
1219.65±0.0 Wallace Spearmon Flag of the United States.svg  United States 28 SEP 2006 Daegu
1319.68+0.4 Frankie Fredericks Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia 01 AUG 1996 Atlanta
−0.5 Kenny Bednarek Flag of the United States.svg  United States 04 AUG 2021 Tokyo [14]
1519.69 [A] −0.5 Clarence Munyai Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 16 MAR 2018 Pretoria [17]
1619.70+0.7 Michael Norman Flag of the United States.svg  United States 06 JUN 2019 Rome [18]
1719.72 [A] +1.8 Pietro Mennea Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 12 SEP 1979 Mexico City
1819.73−0.2 Michael Marsh Flag of the United States.svg  United States 05 AUG 1992 Barcelona
+0.8 Divine Oduduru Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 07 JUN 2019 Austin [19]
2019.74+1.4 LaShawn Merritt Flag of the United States.svg  United States 08 JUL 2016 Eugene [20]
2119.75+1.5 Carl Lewis Flag of the United States.svg  United States 19 JUN 1983 Indianapolis
+1.7 Joe DeLoach Flag of the United States.svg  United States 28 SEP 1988 Seoul
+0.3 Steven Gardiner Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas 07 APR 2018 Coral Gables [21]
2419.76+0.7 Ramil Guliyev Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 09 AUG 2018 Berlin [22]
19.76 [A] +2.0 Fred Kerley Flag of the United States.svg  United States 18 SEP 2021 Nairobi

Assisted marks

Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second is not counted for record purposes. Below is a list of wind-assisted times (equal or superior to 19.70). Only times that are superior to legal bests are shown:

Women (outdoor)

Ath.#Perf.#Time (s)Wind (m/s)AthleteNationDatePlaceRef
1121.34+1.3 Florence Griffith-Joyner Flag of the United States.svg  United States 29 SEP 1988 Seoul
2221.45+0.6 Shericka Jackson Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 21 JUL 2022 Eugene [30]
3321.53+0.8 Elaine Thompson-Herah Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 03 AUG 2021 Tokyo [31]
421.55±0.0Jackson #226 JUN 2022 Kingston [32]
521.56+1.7Griffith-Joyner #229 SEP 1988 Seoul
4621.61+1.3 Gabrielle Thomas Flag of the United States.svg  United States 26 JUN 2021 Eugene [33]
5721.62 [A] −0.6 Marion Jones Flag of the United States.svg  United States 11 SEP 1998 Johannesburg
6821.63+0.2 Dafne Schippers Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 28 AUG 2015 Beijing [34]
7921.64+0.8 Merlene Ottey Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 13 SEP 1991 Brussels
1021.66−1.0Ottey #215 AUG 1990 Zürich
+0.2Thompson-Herah #228 AUG 2015 Beijing
+0.3Thompson-Herah #302 AUG 2021 Tokyo
1321.67+2.0Jackson #319 JUL 2022 Eugene [35]
81421.69+1.0 Allyson Felix Flag of the United States.svg  United States 30 JUN 2012 Eugene [36]
91521.71+0.7 Marita Koch Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 10 JUN 1979 Karl-Marx-Stadt
1521.71+0.3Koch #221 JUL 1984 Potsdam
91521.71+1.2 Heike Drechsler Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 29 JUN 1986 Jena
1521.71−0.8Drechsler #229 AUG 1986 Stuttgart
111921.72+1.3 Grace Jackson Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 29 SEP 1988 Seoul
−0.1 Gwen Torrence Flag of the United States.svg  United States 05 AUG 1992 Barcelona
132221.74+0.4 Marlies Göhr Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 03 JUN 1984 Erfurt
+1.2 Silke Möller Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 03 SEP 1987 Rome
+0.6 Veronica Campbell-Brown Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 21 AUG 2008 Beijing
−0.4 Shaunae Miller-Uibo Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas 29 AUG 2019 Zürich [37]
172521.75−0.1 Juliet Cuthbert Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 05 AUG 1992 Barcelona
1821.77+0.6 Inger Miller Flag of the United States.svg  United States 27 AUG 1999 Seville
+1.5 Tori Bowie Flag of the United States.svg  United States 27 May 2017 Eugene [38]
−0.3 Abby Steiner Flag of the United States.svg  United States 26 JUN 2022 Eugene
2121.78+0.6 Christine Mboma Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia 09 SEP 2021 Zürich [39]
2221.79+0.8 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 27 JUN 2021 Kingston [40]
2321.81−0.1 Valerie Brisco-Hooks Flag of the United States.svg  United States 09 AUG 1984 Los Angeles
2421.83−0.2 Evelyn Ashford Flag of the United States.svg  United States 24 AUG 1979 Montreal
2521.85+0.3 Bärbel Wöckel Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 21 JUL 1984 Potsdam

Assisted marks

Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second is not counted for record purposes. Below is a list of wind-assisted times (equal or superior to 21.80). Only times that are superior to legal bests are shown:

Men (indoor)

RankTimeAthleteNationDatePlaceRef
119.92 Frankie Fredericks Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia 18 February 1996 Liévin [42]
220.02 Elijah Hall Flag of the United States.svg  United States 10 March 2018 College Station [43]
320.08 Divine Oduduru Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 23 February 2019 Lubbock [44]
420.10 Wallace Spearmon Flag of the United States.svg  United States 12 March 2005 Fayetteville
520.11 Christian Coleman Flag of the United States.svg  United States 11 March 2017 College Station [45]
620.19 Trayvon Bromell Flag of the United States.svg  United States 14 March 2015 Fayetteville [46]
Matthew Boling Flag of the United States.svg  United States 13 March 2021 Fayetteville [47]
820.20 Terrance Laird Flag of the United States.svg  United States 13 March 2021 Fayetteville [47]
920.25 Linford Christie Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 19 February 1995 Liévin
1020.26 Obadele Thompson Flag of Barbados.svg  Barbados 6 March 1999 Maebashi
Shawn Crawford Flag of the United States.svg  United States 10 March 2000 Fayetteville
John Capel Flag of the United States.svg  United States 10 March 2000 Fayetteville
Andre De Grasse Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 14 March 2015 Fayetteville [46]
1420.27 Walter Dix Flag of the United States.svg  United States 10 March 2006 Fayetteville
1520.30 Xavier Carter Flag of the United States.svg  United States 10 March 2006 Fayetteville
Kenny Bednarek Flag of the United States.svg  United States 2 February 2019 Lincoln [48]
1720.31 Coby Miller Flag of the United States.svg  United States 2 March 2001 Atlanta
Jereem Richards Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago 11 March 2017 College Station [45]
1920.32 Rohsaan Griffin Flag of the United States.svg  United States 27 February 1999 Atlanta
Kevin Little Flag of the United States.svg  United States 5 March 1999 Maebashi
20.32  A Diondre Batson Flag of the United States.svg  United States 14 March 2014 Albuquerque
20.32 Joseph Fahnbulleh Flag of the United States.svg  United States 27 February 2021 Fayetteville [49]
Lance Lang Flag of the United States.svg  United States 26 February 2022 College Station [50]
2420.33 Andrew Hudson Flag of the United States.svg  United States 22 February 2019 Lubbock
Javonte Harding Flag of the United States.svg  United States 29 January 2022 Clemson [51]

Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 20.30:

Women (indoor)

RankTimeAthleteNationDatePlaceRef
121.87 Merlene Ottey Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 13 February 1993 Liévin
222.09 Abby Steiner Flag of the United States.svg  United States 26 February 2022College Station [53]
322.10 Irina Privalova Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 19 February 1995 Liévin
422.27 Heike Drechsler Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 7 March 1987 Indianapolis
522.33 Gwen Torrence Flag of the United States.svg  United States 2 March 1996 Atlanta
622.38 Veronica Campbell-Brown Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 18 February 2005 Birmingham
Gabrielle Thomas Flag of the United States.svg  United States 10 March 2018 College Station [43]
822.39 Marita Koch Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 5 March 1983 Budapest
Ionela Tirlea Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 6 March 1999 Maebashi
1022.40 Bianca Knight Flag of the United States.svg  United States 14 March 2008 Fayetteville
Shaunae Miller-Uibo Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas 31 January 2021 Fayetteville [54]
1222.41 Galina Malchugina Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 13 March 1994 Paris
Ashley Henderson Flag of the United States.svg  United States 10 March 2018 College Station [43]
1422.42 Ariana Washington Flag of the United States.svg  United States 11 March 2017 College Station [45]
1522.43 Svetlana Goncharenko Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 22 February 1998 Liévin
1622.45 Felicia Brown Flag of the United States.svg  United States 26 February 2016 Fayetteville
Tamara Clark Flag of the United States.svg  United States 13 March 2021 Fayetteville [55]
1822.46 Favour Ofili Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 26 February 2022College Station [56]
1922.49 Muriel Hurtis Flag of France.svg  France 14 March 2003 Birmingham
Muna Lee Flag of the United States.svg  United States 14 March 2003 Fayetteville
Sanya Richards-Ross Flag of the United States.svg  United States 12 March 2004 Fayetteville
Anavia Battle Flag of the United States.svg  United States 18 February 2022 Fayetteville [57]
2322.50 Melanie Paschke Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 1 March 1998 Valencia
Kamaria Brown Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1 March 2014 College Station
2522.52 Nanceen Perry Flag of the United States.svg  United States 13 February 2000 Liévin
Jenna Prandini Flag of the United States.svg  United States 13 March 2015 Fayetteville

Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 22.45:

  • Irina Privalova also ran 22.15 (1993), 22.16 (1994), 22.26 (1992), 22.32 (1995), 22.36 (1992), 22.41 (1991) and 22.45 (1991).
  • Abby Steiner also ran 22.16 (2022), 22.37 (2022), 22.38 (2021), 22.41 (2021), 22.45 (2022).
  • Merlene Ottey also twice ran 22.24 (1991), 22.34 (1989) and 22.37 (1991).
  • Veronica Campbell-Brown also ran 22.43 (2004).

Olympic medalists

Men

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1900 Paris
details
Walter Tewksbury
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Norman Pritchard
British Raj Red Ensign.svg  India
Stan Rowley
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Australia
1904 St. Louis
details
Archie Hahn
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Nate Cartmell
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
William Hogenson
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
1908 London
details
Robert Kerr
Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada
Robert Cloughen
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Nate Cartmell
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
1912 Stockholm
details
Ralph Craig
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Donald Lippincott
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Willie Applegarth
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1920 Antwerp
details
Allen Woodring
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Charley Paddock
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Harry Edward
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1924 Paris
details
Jackson Scholz
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Charley Paddock
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Eric Liddell
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1928 Amsterdam
details
Percy Williams
Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada
Walter Rangeley
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Helmut Körnig
Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg  Germany
1932 Los Angeles
details
Eddie Tolan
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
George Simpson
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Ralph Metcalfe
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1936 Berlin
details
Jesse Owens
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Mack Robinson
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Tinus Osendarp
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
1948 London
details
Mel Patton
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Barney Ewell
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Lloyd LaBeach
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama
1952 Helsinki
details
Andy Stanfield
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Thane Baker
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
James Gathers
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1956 Melbourne
details
Bobby Morrow
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Andy Stanfield
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Thane Baker
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1960 Rome
details
Livio Berruti
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Lester Carney
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Abdoulaye Seye
Flag of France.svg  France
1964 Tokyo
details
Henry Carr
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Paul Drayton
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Edwin Roberts
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago
1968 Mexico City
details
Tommie Smith
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Peter Norman
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
John Carlos
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1972 Munich
details
Valeriy Borzov
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Larry Black
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Pietro Mennea
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
1976 Montreal
details
Don Quarrie
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Millard Hampton
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Dwayne Evans
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1980 Moscow
details
Pietro Mennea
Olympic flag.svg  Italy
Allan Wells
Olympic flag.svg  Great Britain
Don Quarrie
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
1984 Los Angeles
details
Carl Lewis
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Kirk Baptiste
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Thomas Jefferson
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1988 Seoul
details
Joe DeLoach
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Carl Lewis
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Robson da Silva
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil
1992 Barcelona
details
Michael Marsh
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Frankie Fredericks
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia
Michael Bates
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1996 Atlanta
details
Michael Johnson
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Frankie Fredericks
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia
Ato Boldon
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago
2000 Sydney
details
Konstantinos Kenteris
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece
Darren Campbell
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Ato Boldon
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago
2004 Athens
details
Shawn Crawford
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Bernard Williams
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Justin Gatlin
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2008 Beijing
details
Usain Bolt
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Shawn Crawford
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Walter Dix
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2012 London
details
Usain Bolt
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Yohan Blake
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Warren Weir
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Usain Bolt
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Andre De Grasse
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Christophe Lemaitre
Flag of France.svg  France
2020 Tokyo
details
Andre De Grasse
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Kenneth Bednarek
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Noah Lyles
Flag of the United States.svg  United States

Women

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1948 London
details
Fanny Blankers-Koen
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Audrey Williamson
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Audrey Patterson
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1952 Helsinki
details
Marjorie Jackson
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Bertha Brouwer
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Flag SSSR ot 5 dekabria 1936 goda.svg  Soviet Union Nadezhda Khnykina-Dvalishvili
1956 Melbourne
details
Betty Cuthbert
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Christa Stubnick
Flag of Germany.svg  United Team of Germany
Marlene Mathews
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
1960 Rome
details
Wilma Rudolph
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Jutta Heine
Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  United Team of Germany
Dorothy Hyman
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1964 Tokyo
details
Edith McGuire
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Irena Kirszenstein
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
Marilyn Black
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
1968 Mexico City
details
Irena Szewińska
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
Raelene Boyle
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Jenny Lamy
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
1972 Munich
details
Renate Stecher
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Raelene Boyle
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Irena Szewińska
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
1976 Montreal
details
Bärbel Eckert
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Annegret Richter
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Renate Stecher
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1980 Moscow
details
Bärbel Wöckel
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Natalya Bochina
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Merlene Ottey
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
1984 Los Angeles
details
Valerie Brisco-Hooks
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Florence Griffith
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Merlene Ottey
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
1988 Seoul
details
Florence Griffith-Joyner
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Grace Jackson
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Heike Drechsler
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1992 Barcelona
details
Gwen Torrence
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Juliet Cuthbert
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Merlene Ottey
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
1996 Atlanta
details
Marie-José Pérec
Flag of France.svg  France
Merlene Ottey
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Mary Onyali
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria
2000 Sydney
details
Pauline Davis-Thompson
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas
Susanthika Jayasinghe
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka
Beverly McDonald
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
2004 Athens
details
Veronica Campbell
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Allyson Felix
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Debbie Ferguson
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas
2008 Beijing
details
Veronica Campbell-Brown
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Allyson Felix
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Kerron Stewart
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
2012 London
details
Allyson Felix
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Carmelita Jeter
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Elaine Thompson
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Dafne Schippers
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Tori Bowie
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2020 Tokyo
details
Elaine Thompson-Herah
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Christine Mboma
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia
Gabrielle Thomas
Flag of the United States.svg  United States

World Championships medalists

Men

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Calvin Smith  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Elliott Quow  (USA)Flag of Italy.svg  Pietro Mennea  (ITA)
1987 Rome
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Calvin Smith  (USA)Flag of France.svg  Gilles Quénéhervé  (FRA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  John Regis  (GBR)
1991 Tokyo
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Michael Johnson  (USA)Flag of Namibia.svg  Frankie Fredericks  (NAM)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Atlee Mahorn  (CAN)
1993 Stuttgart
details
Flag of Namibia.svg  Frankie Fredericks  (NAM)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  John Regis  (GBR)Flag of the United States.svg  Carl Lewis  (USA)
1995 Gothenburg
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Michael Johnson  (USA)Flag of Namibia.svg  Frankie Fredericks  (NAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Jeff Williams  (USA)
1997 Athens
details
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Ato Boldon  (TRI)Flag of Namibia.svg  Frankie Fredericks  (NAM)Flag of Brazil.svg  Claudinei da Silva  (BRA)
1999 Seville
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Maurice Greene  (USA)Flag of Brazil.svg  Claudinei da Silva  (BRA)Flag of Nigeria.svg  Francis Obikwelu  (NGR)
2001 Edmonton
details
Flag of Greece.svg  Konstantinos Kenteris  (GRE)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Christopher Williams  (JAM)Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Kim Collins  (SKN)
Flag of the United States.svg  Shawn Crawford  (USA)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
Flag of the United States.svg  John Capel  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Darvis Patton  (USA)Flag of Japan.svg  Shingo Suetsugu  (JPN)
2005 Helsinki
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Justin Gatlin  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Wallace Spearmon  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  John Capel  (USA)
2007 Osaka
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Tyson Gay  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Wallace Spearmon  (USA)
2009 Berlin
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)Flag of Panama.svg  Alonso Edward  (PAN)Flag of the United States.svg  Wallace Spearmon  (USA)
2011 Daegu
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Walter Dix  (USA)Flag of France.svg  Christophe Lemaitre  (FRA)
2013 Moscow
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Warren Weir  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Curtis Mitchell  (USA)
2015 Beijing
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Justin Gatlin  (USA)Flag of South Africa.svg  Anaso Jobodwana  (RSA)
2017 London
details
Flag of Turkey.svg  Ramil Guliyev  (TUR)Flag of South Africa.svg  Wayde van Niekerk  (RSA)Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Jereem Richards  (TTO)
2019 Doha
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Noah Lyles  (USA)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Andre De Grasse  (CAN)Flag of Ecuador.svg  Álex Quiñónez  (ECU)
2022 Eugene
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Noah Lyles  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Kenny Bednarek  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Erriyon Knighton  (USA)

Women

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki
details
Flag of East Germany.svg  Marita Koch  (GDR)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Kathy Smallwood-Cook  (GBR)
1987 Rome
details
Flag of East Germany.svg  Silke Gladisch  (GDR)Flag of the United States.svg  Florence Griffith-Joyner  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)
1991 Tokyo
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Katrin Krabbe  (GER)Flag of the United States.svg  Gwen Torrence  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)
1993 Stuttgart
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Gwen Torrence  (USA)Flag of Russia (1991-1993).svg  Irina Privalova  (RUS)
1995 Gothenburg
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)Flag of Russia.svg  Irina Privalova  (RUS)Flag of Russia.svg  Galina Malchugina  (RUS)
1997 Athens
details
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Zhanna Pintusevich-Block  (UKR)Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Susanthika Jayasinghe  (SRI)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)
1999 Seville
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Inger Miller  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Beverly McDonald  (JAM)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Frazer  (JAM)
Flag of Germany.svg  Andrea Philipp  (GER)
2001 Edmonton
details
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Debbie Ferguson  (BAH)Flag of the United States.svg  LaTasha Jenkins  (USA)Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg  Cydonie Mothersille  (CAY)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Anastasiya Kapachinskaya  (RUS)Flag of the United States.svg  Torri Edwards  (USA)Flag of France.svg  Muriel Hurtis  (FRA)
2005 Helsinki
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Allyson Felix  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Rachelle Boone-Smith  (USA)Flag of France.svg  Christine Arron  (FRA)
2007 Osaka
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Allyson Felix  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Veronica Campbell  (JAM)Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Susanthika Jayasinghe  (SRI)
2009 Berlin
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Allyson Felix  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Veronica Campbell-Brown  (JAM)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Debbie Ferguson-McKenzie  (BAH)
2011 Daegu
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Veronica Campbell-Brown  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Carmelita Jeter  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Allyson Felix  (USA)
2013 Moscow
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce  (JAM)Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Murielle Ahouré  (CIV)Flag of Nigeria.svg  Blessing Okagbare  (NGR)
2015 Beijing
details
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Dafne Schippers  (NED)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Elaine Thompson  (JAM)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Veronica Campbell-Brown  (JAM)
2017 London
details
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Dafne Schippers  (NED)Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Marie-Josée Ta Lou  (CIV)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Shaunae Miller-Uibo  (BAH)
2019 Doha
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Dina Asher-Smith  (GBR)Flag of the United States.svg  Brittany Brown  (USA)Flag of Switzerland.svg  Mujinga Kambundji  (SUI)
2022 Eugene
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Shericka Jackson  (JAM)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce  (JAM)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Dina Asher-Smith  (GBR)

World Indoor Championships medalists

Men

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1985 Paris [A] Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Aleksandr Yevgenyev  (URS)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Ade Mafe  (GBR)Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  João Batista da Silva  (BRA)
1987 Indianapolis
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Kirk Baptiste  (USA)Flag of France.svg  Bruno Marie-Rose  (FRA)Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Robson da Silva  (BRA)
1989 Budapest
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  John Regis  (GBR)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Ade Mafe  (GBR)Flag of the United States.svg  Kevin Little  (USA)
1991 Seville
details
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Nikolay Antonov  (BUL)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Linford Christie  (GBR)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Ade Mafe  (GBR)
1993 Toronto
details
Flag of the United States.svg  James Trapp  (USA)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Damien Marsh  (AUS)Flag of the United States.svg  Kevin Little  (USA)
1995 Barcelona
details
Flag of Norway.svg  Geir Moen  (NOR)Flag of Bermuda.svg  Troy Douglas  (BER)Flag of Chile.svg  Sebastián Keitel  (CHI)
1997 Paris
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Kevin Little  (USA)Flag of Cuba.svg  Iván García  (CUB)Flag of Nigeria.svg  Francis Obikwelu  (NGR)
1999 Maebashi
details
Flag of Namibia.svg  Frankie Fredericks  (NAM)Flag of Barbados.svg  Obadele Thompson  (BAR)Flag of the United States.svg  Kevin Little  (USA)
2001 Lisbon
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Shawn Crawford  (USA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Christian Malcolm  (GBR)Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Patrick van Balkom  (NED)
2003 Birmingham
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Marlon Devonish  (GBR)Flag of Cameroon.svg  Joseph Batangdon  (CMR)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Dominic Demeritte  (BAH)
2004 Budapest
details
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Dominic Demeritte  (BAH)Flag of Sweden.svg  Johan Wissman  (SWE)Flag of Germany.svg  Tobias Unger  (GER)

Women

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1985 Paris [A] Flag of East Germany.svg  Marita Koch  (GDR)Flag of France.svg  Marie-Christine Cazier  (FRA)Flag of New Zealand.svg  Kim Robertson  (NZL)
1987 Indianapolis
details
Flag of East Germany.svg  Heike Drechsler  (GDR)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey-Page  (JAM)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Grace Jackson  (JAM)
1989 Budapest
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Grace Jackson  (JAM)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Natalya Kovtun  (URS)
1991 Seville
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Irina Sergeyeva  (URS)Flag of Germany.svg  Grit Breuer  (GER)
1993 Toronto
details
Flag of Russia (1991-1993).svg  Irina Privalova  (RUS)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Melinda Gainsford  (AUS)Flag of Russia (1991-1993).svg  Natalya Voronova  (RUS)
1995 Barcelona
details
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Melinda Gainsford  (AUS)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Pauline Davis  (BAH)Flag of Russia.svg  Natalya Voronova  (RUS)
1997 Paris
details
Flag of Greece.svg  Ekaterini Koffa  (GRE)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Juliet Cuthbert  (JAM)Flag of Russia.svg  Svetlana Goncharenko  (RUS)
1999 Maebashi
details
Flag of Romania.svg  Ionela Târlea  (ROU)Flag of Russia.svg  Svetlana Goncharenko  (RUS)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Pauline Davis  (BAH)
2001 Lisbon
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Juliet Campbell  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  LaTasha Jenkins  (USA)Flag of Belarus.svg  Natalya Vinogradova-Safronnikova  (BLR)
2003 Birmingham
details
Flag of France.svg  Muriel Hurtis-Houairi  (FRA)Flag of Russia.svg  Anastasiya Kapachinskaya  (RUS)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Juliet Campbell  (JAM)
2004 Budapest
details
Flag of Belarus.svg  Natallia Safronnikava  (BLR)Flag of Russia.svg  Svetlana Goncharenko  (RUS)Flag of Austria.svg  Karin Mayr-Krifka  (AUT)

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Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">800 metres</span> Middle-distance running event

The 800 metres, or meters, is a common track running event. It is the shortest commonly run middle-distance running event. The 800 metres is run over two laps of an outdoor (400-metre) track and has been an Olympic event since the first modern games in 1896. During the winter track season the event is usually run by completing four laps of an indoor 200-metre track.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">400 metres</span> Sprint running event

The 400 metres, or 400-meter dash, is a sprint event in track and field competitions. It has been featured in the athletics programme at the Summer Olympics since 1896 for men and since 1964 for women. On a standard outdoor running track, it is one lap around the track. Runners start in staggered positions and race in separate lanes for the entire course. In many countries, athletes previously competed in the 440-yard dash (402.336 m)—which is a quarter of a mile and was referred to as the 'quarter-mile'—instead of the 400 m (437.445 yards), though this distance is now obsolete.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Justin Gatlin</span> Retired American sprinter

Justin Gatlin is a retired American sprinter who competed in the 60 meters, 100 meters and 200 meters. He is the 2004 Olympic Champion in the 100 meters, the 2005 and 2017 World Champion in the 100 meters, the 2005 World Champion in the 200 meters, and the 2019 World Champion in the 4 x 100 meters relay. In addition, Gatlin is the 2003 and 2012 World Indoor Champion in the 60 meters. He is a 5-time Olympic medalist and a 12-time World Championship medalist. At the World Athletics Relays, Gatlin won two gold medals in the 4 x 100 meters relay in 2015 and 2017. Gatlin is also a record 3-time Diamond League Champion in the 100 meters. He won the Diamond League trophy in 2013, 2014 and 2015.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">100 metres</span> Sprint race

The 100 metres, or 100-meter dash, is a sprint race in track and field competitions. The shortest common outdoor running distance, the 100-meter (109.36 yd) dash is one of the most popular and prestigious events in the sport of athletics. It has been contested at the Summer Olympics since 1896 for men and since 1928 for women. The inaugural World Championships were in 1983.

4 × 100 metres relay Track and field relay event covering 400 metres

The 4 × 100 metres relay or sprint relay is an athletics track event run in lanes over one lap of the track with four runners completing 100 metres each. The first runners must begin in the same stagger as for the individual 400 m race. Each runner carries a relay baton. Before 2018, the baton had to be passed within a 20 m changeover box, preceded by a 10-metre acceleration zone. With a rule change effective November 1, 2017, that zone was modified to include the acceleration zone as part of the passing zone, making the entire zone 30 metres in length. The outgoing runner cannot touch the baton until it has entered the zone, and the incoming runner cannot touch it after it has left the zone. The zone is usually marked in yellow, frequently using lines, triangles or chevrons. While the rule book specifies the exact positioning of the marks, the colours and style are only "recommended". While most legacy tracks will still have the older markings, the rule change still uses existing marks. Not all governing body jurisdictions have adopted the rule change.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">60 metres</span> Track and field sprint race

60 metres, or 60-meter dash, is a sprint event in track and field. It is a championship event for indoor championships, normally dominated by the best outdoor 100 metres runners. At outdoor venues it is a rare distance, at least for senior athletes. The format of the event is similar to other sprint distances. The sprinters follow three initial instructions: 'ready', instructing them to take up position in the starting blocks; 'set', instructing them to adopt a more efficient starting posture, which also isometrically preloads their muscles. This will enable them to start faster. The final instruction is the firing of the starter's pistol. Upon hearing this the sprinters stride forwards from the blocks.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1500 metres</span> Middle distance running event, "the metric mile"

The 1500 metres or 1,500-metre run is the foremost middle distance track event in athletics. The distance has been contested at the Summer Olympics since 1896 and the World Championships in Athletics since 1983. It is equivalent to 1.5 kilometers or approximately 1516 miles. The event is closely associated with its slightly longer cousin, the mile race, from which it derives its nickname "the metric mile".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Usain Bolt</span> Retired Jamaican sprinter (born 1986)

Usain St. Leo Bolt,, is a retired Jamaican sprinter, widely considered to be the greatest sprinter of all time. He is the world record holder in the 100 metres, 200 metres, and 4 × 100 metres relay.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">3000 metres</span> Long-distance track running event

The 3000 metres or 3000-metre run is a track running event, also commonly known as the "3K" or "3K run", where 7.5 laps are run around an outdoor 400 m track, or 15 laps around a 200 m indoor track.

Richard Thompson (sprinter) Trinidadian athlete

Richard "Torpedo" Thompson is a sprinter from Trinidad and Tobago who specializes in the 100 metres. His personal best of 9.82 seconds, set in June 2014, was one of the top ten fastest of all time, and a national record. In the 200 meters he has the fourth fastest time by a Trinidad and Tobago athlete.

150 metres Sprint race over 150 metres

150 metres is a sprint event in track and field. It is a very rarely contested non-championship and not an IAAF-recognised event. Given the proportion of standard running tracks, the event typically incorporates a bend when held in a track and field stadium, although some especially-built tracks allow the event to take place entirely on a straight.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Elaine Thompson-Herah</span> Jamaican sprinter (born 1992)

Elaine Sandra-Lee Thompson-Herah OD is a Jamaican sprinter who competes in the 60 metres, 100 metres and 200 metres. Regarded as one of the greatest sprinters of all time, she is a five-time Olympic champion, the fastest woman alive over the 100 m, and the third-fastest ever over 200 m.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fred Kerley</span> American sprinter

Fredrick Lee Kerley is an American track and field sprinter known primarily for competing in the 400 meters distance but more recently the 100 meters and 200 meters. He has earned several medals at the World Championships in the 400 m and 4 × 400 m relay including an individual bronze and a relay gold at the 2019 edition. Kerley claimed 100m gold in the 2022 edition.

Kenny Bednarek American sprinter

Kenny Bednarek is an American track and field sprinter from Rice Lake, Wisconsin. He specializes in the 200-meter distance, having won a silver medal at the 2020 Summer Olympics and at the 2022 World Championships.

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