200 metres

Last updated

Athletics
200 metres
London 2012 200m heat 1 start.jpg
Athletes leaving starting blocks for a 200 metres heat at the 2012 Olympic Games
World records
Men Flag of Jamaica.svg Usain Bolt 19.19 (2009)
Women Flag of the United States.svg Florence Griffith-Joyner 21.34 (1988)
Olympic records
Men Flag of Jamaica.svg Usain Bolt 19.30 (2008)
Women Flag of the United States.svg Florence Griffith-Joyner 21.34 (1988)
World Championship records
Men Flag of Jamaica.svg Usain Bolt 19.19 (2009)
Women Flag of the Netherlands.svg Dafne Schippers 21.63 (2015)

The 200 metres, or 200-metre dash, is a sprint running event. On an outdoor race 400 m track, the race begins on the curve and ends on the home straight, so a combination of techniques are needed to successfully run the race. A slightly shorter race, called the stadion and run on a straight track, was the first recorded event at the ancient Olympic Games. The 200 m places more emphasis on speed endurance than shorter sprint distances as athletes predominantly rely on anaerobic energy system during the 200 m sprint. Similarly to other sprint distances, the 200 m begins from the starting blocks. When the sprinters adopt the 'set' position in the blocks they are able to adopt a more efficient starting posture and isometrically preload their muscles. This enables them to stride forwards more powerfully when the race begins and start faster.

Contents

In the United States and elsewhere, athletes previously ran the 220-yard dash (201.168 m) instead of the 200 m (218.723 yards), though the distance is now obsolete. The standard adjustment used for the conversion from times recorded over 220 yards to 200 m times is to subtract 0.1 seconds, [1] but other conversion methods exist. Another obsolete version of this race is the 200 metres straight, which was run on tracks that contained such a straight. Initially, when the International Amateur Athletic Association (now known as the International Association of Athletics Federations) started to ratify world records in 1912, only records set on a straight track were eligible for consideration. In 1951, the IAAF started to recognise records set on a curved track. In 1976, the straight record was discarded.

The race attracts runners from other events, primarily the 100 metres, wishing to double up and claim both titles. This feat has been achieved by men eleven times at the Olympic Games: by Archie Hahn in 1904, Ralph Craig in 1912, Percy Williams in 1928, Eddie Tolan in 1932, Jesse Owens in 1936, Bobby Morrow in 1956, Valeriy Borzov in 1972, Carl Lewis in 1984, and most recently by Jamaica's Usain Bolt in 2008, 2012, and 2016. The double has been accomplished by women seven times: by Fanny Blankers-Koen in 1948, Marjorie Jackson in 1952, Betty Cuthbert in 1956, Wilma Rudolph in 1960, Renate Stecher in 1972, Florence Griffith-Joyner in 1988, and Elaine Thompson in 2016. Marion Jones finished first in both races in 2000 but was later disqualified and stripped of her medals after admitting to taking performance-enhancing drugs. An Olympic double of 200 m and 400 m was first achieved by Valerie Brisco-Hooks in 1984, and later by Michael Johnson from the United States and Marie-José Pérec of France both in 1996. Usain Bolt is the only man to repeat as Olympic champion, Bärbel Wöckel (née Eckert) and Veronica Campbell-Brown are the two women who have repeated as Olympic champion.

The men's world record holder is Usain Bolt of Jamaica, who ran 19.19 s at the 2009 World Championships. The women's world record holder is Florence Griffith-Joyner of the United States, who ran 21.34 s at the 1988 Summer Olympics. The reigning Olympic champions are Usain Bolt and Elaine Thompson (JAM). The reigning World Champions are Noah Lyles (USA) and Dina Asher-Smith (GBR).

Races run with an aiding wind measured over 2.0 metres per second are not acceptable for record purposes.

Athletics Men's 200 Final, 27th Summer Universiade 2013, Kazan

Continental records

AreaMenWomen
Time (s)Wind (m/s)AthleteNationTime (s)Wind (m/s)AthleteNation
Africa ( records )19.68+0.4 Frankie Fredericks Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia 22.04+0.5 Blessing Okagbare Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria
Asia ( records )19.88+0.9 Xie Zhenye Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 22.010.0 Li Xuemei Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
Europe ( records )19.72 [A] +1.8 Pietro Mennea Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 21.63+0.2 Dafne Schippers Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
North, Central America
and Caribbean
( records )
19.19 WR −0.3 Usain Bolt Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 21.34 WR +1.3 Florence Griffith-Joyner Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Oceania ( records )20.06 [A] +0.9 Peter Norman Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 22.23+0.8 Melinda Gainsford-Taylor Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
South America ( records )19.81−0.3 Alonso Edward Flag of Panama.svg  Panama 22.48+1.0 Ana Cláudia Lemos Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil

Notes

All-time top 25

Men (outdoor)

RankTimeWindAthleteNationDatePlaceRef
119.19−0.3 Usain Bolt Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 20 August 2009 Berlin [6]
219.26+0.7 Yohan Blake Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 16 September 2011 Brussels [7]
319.32+0.4 Michael Johnson Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1 August 1996 Atlanta
419.50−0.1 Noah Lyles Flag of the United States.svg  United States 5 July 2019 Lausanne [8]
519.53+0.7 Walter Dix Flag of the United States.svg  United States 16 September 2011 Brussels
619.57+0.4 Justin Gatlin Flag of the United States.svg  United States 28 June 2015 Eugene [9]
719.58+1.3 Tyson Gay Flag of the United States.svg  United States 30 May 2009 New York City
819.63+0.4 Xavier Carter Flag of the United States.svg  United States 11 July 2006 Lausanne
919.650.0 Wallace Spearmon Flag of the United States.svg  United States 28 September 2006 Daegu
1019.68+0.4 Frankie Fredericks Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia 1 August 1996 Atlanta
1119.69 A −0.5 Clarence Munyai Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 16 March 2018 Pretoria [10]
1219.70+0.7 Michael Norman Flag of the United States.svg  United States 6 June 2019 Rome [11]
1319.72 A +1.8 Pietro Mennea Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 12 September 1979 Mexico City
1419.73−0.2 Michael Marsh Flag of the United States.svg  United States 5 August 1992 Barcelona
+0.8 Divine Oduduru Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 7 June 2019 Austin [12]
1619.74+1.4 LaShawn Merritt Flag of the United States.svg  United States 8 July 2016 Eugene [13]
1719.75+1.5 Carl Lewis Flag of the United States.svg  United States 19 June 1983 Indianapolis
+1.7 Joe DeLoach Flag of the United States.svg  United States 28 September 1988 Seoul
+0.3 Steven Gardiner Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas 7 April 2018 Coral Gables [14]
2019.76+0.7 Ramil Guliyev Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 9 August 2018 Berlin [15]
2119.77+0.7 Ato Boldon Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago 13 July 1997 Stuttgart
0.0 Isaac Makwala Flag of Botswana.svg  Botswana 14 July 2017 Madrid [16]
2319.79+1.2 Shawn Crawford Flag of the United States.svg  United States 26 August 2004 Athens
+0.9 Warren Weir Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 23 June 2013 Kingston
2519.80+0.8 Christophe Lemaitre Flag of France.svg  France 3 September 2011 Daegu
+2.0 Rasheed Dwyer Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 23 July 2015 Toronto [17]
−0.3 Andre De Grasse Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 17 August 2016 Rio de Janeiro [18]
+1.0 Kenny Bednarek Flag of the United States.svg  United States 10 August 2020 Montverde [19]

Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 19.70:

  • Usain Bolt also ran 19.30 (2008), 19.32 (2012), 19.40 (2011), 19.55 (2015), 19.56 (2010), 19.57 (2009), 19.58 (2012), 19.59 (2009), 19.63 (2008), 19.66 (2012 & 2013), 19.67 (2008) and 19.68 (2009).
  • Yohan Blake also ran 19.44 (2012) and 19.54 (2012).
  • Tyson Gay also ran 19.62 (2007), 19.68 (2006) and 19.70 (2006).
  • Noah Lyles also ran 19.65 (2018 & 2019), 19.67 (2018) and 19.69 (2 × 2018).
  • Michael Johnson also ran 19.66 (1996).
  • Justin Gatlin also ran 19.68 (2014 & 2015).
  • Walter Dix also ran 19.69 (2007) and 19.70 (2011).

Assisted marks

Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second is not counted for record purposes. Below is a list of the fastest wind-assisted times (equal or superior to 19.70). Only times that are superior to legal bests are shown:

Women (outdoor)

RankTimeWindAthleteNationDatePlaceRef
121.34+1.3 Florence Griffith-Joyner Flag of the United States.svg  United States 29 September 1988 Seoul
221.62 A −0.6 Marion Jones Flag of the United States.svg  United States 11 September 1998 Johannesburg
321.63+0.2 Dafne Schippers Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 28 August 2015 Beijing [26]
421.64+0.8 Merlene Ottey Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 13 September 1991 Brussels
521.66+0.2 Elaine Thompson Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 28 August 2015 Beijing [26]
621.69+1.0 Allyson Felix Flag of the United States.svg  United States 30 June 2012 Eugene [27]
721.71+0.7 Marita Koch Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 10 June 1979 Karl-Marx-Stadt
+0.321 July 1984 Potsdam
+1.2 Heike Drechsler Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 29 June 1986 Jena
−0.829 August 1986 Stuttgart
921.72+1.3 Grace Jackson Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 29 September 1988 Seoul
−0.1 Gwen Torrence Flag of the United States.svg  United States 5 August 1992 Barcelona
1121.74+0.4 Marlies Göhr Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 3 June 1984 Erfurt
+1.2 Silke Gladisch Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 3 September 1987 Rome
+0.6 Veronica Campbell-Brown Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 21 August 2008 Beijing
−0.4 Shaunae Miller-Uibo Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas 29 August 2019 Zürich [28]
1521.75−0.1 Juliet Cuthbert Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 5 August 1992 Barcelona
1621.77+0.6 Inger Miller Flag of the United States.svg  United States 27 August 1999 Seville
+1.5 Tori Bowie Flag of the United States.svg  United States 27 May 2017 Eugene [29]
1821.81−0.1 Valerie Brisco-Hooks Flag of the United States.svg  United States 9 August 1984 Los Angeles
1921.83−0.2 Evelyn Ashford Flag of the United States.svg  United States 24 August 1979 Montreal
2021.85+0.3 Bärbel Wöckel Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 21 July 1984 Potsdam
2121.870.0 Irina Privalova Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 25 July 1995 Monaco
2221.88+0.9 Dina Asher-Smith Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 2 October 2019 Doha [30]
2321.93+1.3 Pam Marshall Flag of the United States.svg  United States 23 July 1988 Indianapolis
2421.95+0.3 Katrin Krabbe Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 30 August 1990 Split
2521.97+1.9 Jarmila Kratochvilova Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia 6 June 1981 Bratislava

Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 21.80:

Assisted marks

Any performance with a following wind of more than 2.0 metres per second is not counted for record purposes. Below is a list of the fastest wind-assisted times (equal or superior to 21.80). Only times that are superior to legal bests are shown:

Men (indoor)

RankTimeAthleteNationDatePlaceRef
119.92 Frankie Fredericks Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia 18 February 1996 Liévin [32]
220.02 Elijah Hall Flag of the United States.svg  United States 10 March 2018 College Station [33]
320.08 Divine Oduduru Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 23 February 2019 Lubbock [34]
420.10 Wallace Spearmon Flag of the United States.svg  United States 12 March 2005 Fayetteville
520.11 Christian Coleman Flag of the United States.svg  United States 11 March 2017 College Station [35]
620.19 Trayvon Bromell Flag of the United States.svg  United States 14 March 2015 Fayetteville [36]
Matthew Boling Flag of the United States.svg  United States 13 March 2021 Fayetteville [37]
820.20 Terrance Laird Flag of the United States.svg  United States 13 March 2021 Fayetteville [37]
920.25 Linford Christie Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 19 February 1995 Liévin
1020.26 Obadele Thompson Flag of Barbados.svg  Barbados 6 March 1999 Maebashi
Shawn Crawford Flag of the United States.svg  United States 10 March 2000 Fayetteville
John Capel Flag of the United States.svg  United States 10 March 2000 Fayetteville
Andre De Grasse Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 14 March 2015 Fayetteville [36]
1420.27 Walter Dix Flag of the United States.svg  United States 10 March 2006 Fayetteville
1520.30 Xavier Carter Flag of the United States.svg  United States 10 March 2006 Fayetteville
Kenny Bednarek Flag of the United States.svg  United States 2 February 2019 Lincoln [38]
1720.31 Coby Miller Flag of the United States.svg  United States 2 March 2001 Atlanta
Jereem Richards Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago 11 March 2017 College Station [35]
1920.32 Rohsaan Griffin Flag of the United States.svg  United States 27 February 1999 Atlanta
Kevin Little Flag of the United States.svg  United States 5 March 1999 Maebashi
20.32  A Diondre Batson Flag of the United States.svg  United States 14 March 2014 Albuquerque
20.32 Joseph Fahnbulleh Flag of the United States.svg  United States 27 February 2021 Fayetteville [39]
2320.33 Andrew Hudson Flag of the United States.svg  United States 22 February 2019 Lubbock
2420.34  A Dedric Dukes Flag of the United States.svg  United States 14 March 2014 Albuquerque
20.34 Rai Benjamin Flag of the United States.svg  United States 10 March 2018 College Station [33]

Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 20.30:

Women (indoor)

RankTimeAthleteNationDatePlaceRef
121.87 Merlene Ottey Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 13 February 1993 Liévin
222.10 Irina Privalova Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 19 February 1995 Liévin
322.27 Heike Drechsler Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 7 March 1987 Indianapolis
422.33 Gwen Torrence Flag of the United States.svg  United States 2 March 1996 Atlanta
522.38 Veronica Campbell-Brown Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 18 February 2005 Birmingham
Gabrielle Thomas Flag of the United States.svg  United States 10 March 2018 College Station [33]
Abby Steiner Flag of the United States.svg  United States 13 March 2021 Fayetteville [41]
822.39 Marita Koch Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany 5 March 1983 Budapest
Ionela Tirlea Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 6 March 1999 Maebashi
1022.40 Bianca Knight Flag of the United States.svg  United States 14 March 2008 Fayetteville
Shaunae Miller-Uibo Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas 31 January 2021 Fayetteville [42]
1222.41 Galina Malchugina Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 13 March 1994 Paris
Ashley Henderson Flag of the United States.svg  United States 10 March 2018 College Station [33]
1422.42 Ariana Washington Flag of the United States.svg  United States 11 March 2017 College Station [35]
1522.43 Svetlana Goncharenko Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 22 February 1998 Liévin
1622.45 Felicia Brown Flag of the United States.svg  United States 26 February 2016 Fayetteville
Tamara Clark Flag of the United States.svg  United States 13 March 2021 Fayetteville [41]
1822.49 Muriel Hurtis Flag of France.svg  France 14 March 2003 Birmingham
Muna Lee Flag of the United States.svg  United States 14 March 2003 Fayetteville
Sanya Richards-Ross Flag of the United States.svg  United States 12 March 2004 Fayetteville
2122.50 Melanie Paschke Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 1 March 1998 Valencia
Kamaria Brown Flag of the United States.svg  United States 1 March 2014 College Station
2322.52 Nanceen Perry Flag of the United States.svg  United States 13 February 2000 Liévin
Jenna Prandini Flag of the United States.svg  United States 13 March 2015 Fayetteville
2522.53 Hannah Cunliffe Flag of the United States.svg  United States 11 March 2017 College Station [35]

Notes

Below is a list of other times equal or superior to 22.45:

Olympic medalists

Men

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1900 Paris
details
Walter Tewksbury
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Norman Pritchard
British Raj Red Ensign.svg  India
Stan Rowley
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Australia
1904 St. Louis
details
Archie Hahn
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Nate Cartmell
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
William Hogenson
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
1908 London
details
Robert Kerr
Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada
Robert Cloughen
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
Nate Cartmell
US flag 45 stars.svg  United States
1912 Stockholm
details
Ralph Craig
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Donald Lippincott
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Willie Applegarth
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1920 Antwerp
details
Allen Woodring
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Charley Paddock
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Harry Edward
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1924 Paris
details
Jackson Scholz
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Charley Paddock
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Eric Liddell
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1928 Amsterdam
details
Percy Williams
Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg  Canada
Walter Rangeley
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Helmut Körnig
Flag of Germany (3-2 aspect ratio).svg  Germany
1932 Los Angeles
details
Eddie Tolan
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
George Simpson
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Ralph Metcalfe
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1936 Berlin
details
Jesse Owens
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Mack Robinson
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Tinus Osendarp
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
1948 London
details
Mel Patton
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Barney Ewell
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Lloyd LaBeach
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama
1952 Helsinki
details
Andy Stanfield
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Thane Baker
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
James Gathers
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1956 Melbourne
details
Bobby Morrow
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Andy Stanfield
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
Thane Baker
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1960 Rome
details
Livio Berruti
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
Lester Carney
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Abdoulaye Seye
Flag of France.svg  France
1964 Tokyo
details
Henry Carr
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Paul Drayton
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Edwin Roberts
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago
1968 Mexico City
details
Tommie Smith
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Peter Norman
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
John Carlos
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1972 Munich
details
Valeriy Borzov
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Larry Black
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Pietro Mennea
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
1976 Montreal
details
Don Quarrie
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Millard Hampton
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Dwayne Evans
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1980 Moscow
details
Pietro Mennea
Olympic flag.svg  Italy
Allan Wells
Olympic flag.svg  Great Britain
Don Quarrie
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
1984 Los Angeles
details
Carl Lewis
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Kirk Baptiste
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Thomas Jefferson
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1988 Seoul
details
Joe DeLoach
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Carl Lewis
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Robson da Silva
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil
1992 Barcelona
details
Michael Marsh
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Frankie Fredericks
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia
Michael Bates
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
1996 Atlanta
details
Michael Johnson
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Frankie Fredericks
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia
Ato Boldon
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago
2000 Sydney
details
Konstantinos Kenteris
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece
Darren Campbell
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Ato Boldon
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago
2004 Athens
details
Shawn Crawford
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Bernard Williams
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Justin Gatlin
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2008 Beijing
details
Usain Bolt
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Shawn Crawford
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Walter Dix
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2012 London
details
Usain Bolt
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Yohan Blake
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Warren Weir
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
2016 Rio
details
Usain Bolt
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Andre De Grasse
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Christophe Lemaitre
Flag of France.svg  France

Women

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1948 London
details
Fanny Blankers-Koen
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Audrey Williamson
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Audrey Patterson
US flag 48 stars.svg  United States
1952 Helsinki
details
Marjorie Jackson
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Bertha Brouwer
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Nadezhda Khnykina-Dvalishvili
Flag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Soviet Union
1956 Melbourne
details
Betty Cuthbert
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Christa Stubnick
Flag of Germany.svg  United Team of Germany
Marlene Mathews
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
1960 Rome
details
Wilma Rudolph
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Jutta Heine
Flag of the German Olympic Team (1960-1968).svg  United Team of Germany
Dorothy Hyman
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1964 Tokyo
details
Edith McGuire
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Irena Kirszenstein
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
Marilyn Black
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
1968 Mexico City
details
Irena Szewińska
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
Raelene Boyle
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Jenny Lamy
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
1972 Munich
details
Renate Stecher
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Raelene Boyle
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia
Irena Szewińska
Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg  Poland
1976 Montreal
details
Bärbel Eckert
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Annegret Richter
Flag of Germany.svg  West Germany
Renate Stecher
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1980 Moscow
details
Bärbel Wöckel
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
Natalya Bochina
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Merlene Ottey
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
1984 Los Angeles
details
Valerie Brisco-Hooks
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Florence Griffith
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Merlene Ottey
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
1988 Seoul
details
Florence Griffith-Joyner
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Grace Jackson
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Heike Drechsler
Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany
1992 Barcelona
details
Gwen Torrence
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Juliet Cuthbert
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Merlene Ottey
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
1996 Atlanta
details
Marie-José Pérec
Flag of France.svg  France
Merlene Ottey
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Mary Onyali
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria
2000 Sydney
details
Pauline Davis-Thompson
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas
Susanthika Jayasinghe
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka
Beverly McDonald
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
2004 Athens
details
Veronica Campbell
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Allyson Felix
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Debbie Ferguson
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas
2008 Beijing
details
Veronica Campbell-Brown
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Allyson Felix
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Kerron Stewart
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
2012 London
details
Allyson Felix
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Carmelita Jeter
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Elaine Thompson
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Dafne Schippers
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Tori Bowie
Flag of the United States.svg  United States

World Championships medalists

Men

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Calvin Smith  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Elliott Quow  (USA)Flag of Italy.svg  Pietro Mennea  (ITA)
1987 Rome ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Calvin Smith  (USA)Flag of France.svg  Gilles Quénéhervé  (FRA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  John Regis  (GBR)
1991 Tokyo ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Michael Johnson  (USA)Flag of Namibia.svg  Frankie Fredericks  (NAM)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Atlee Mahorn  (CAN)
1993 Stuttgart ( details )Flag of Namibia.svg  Frankie Fredericks  (NAM)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  John Regis  (GBR)Flag of the United States.svg  Carl Lewis  (USA)
1995 Gothenburg ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Michael Johnson  (USA)Flag of Namibia.svg  Frankie Fredericks  (NAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Jeff Williams  (USA)
1997 Athens ( details )Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Ato Boldon  (TRI)Flag of Namibia.svg  Frankie Fredericks  (NAM)Flag of Brazil.svg  Claudinei da Silva  (BRA)
1999 Seville ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Maurice Greene  (USA)Flag of Brazil.svg  Claudinei da Silva  (BRA)Flag of Nigeria.svg  Francis Obikwelu  (NGR)
2001 Edmonton ( details )Flag of Greece.svg  Konstantinos Kenteris  (GRE)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Christopher Williams  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Shawn Crawford  (USA)
2003 Saint-Denis ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  John Capel  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Darvis Patton  (USA)Flag of Japan.svg  Shingo Suetsugu  (JPN)
2005 Helsinki ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Justin Gatlin  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Wallace Spearmon  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  John Capel  (USA)
2007 Osaka ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Tyson Gay  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Wallace Spearmon  (USA)
2009 Berlin ( details )Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)Flag of Panama.svg  Alonso Edward  (PAN)Flag of the United States.svg  Wallace Spearmon  (USA)
2011 Daegu ( details )Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Walter Dix  (USA)Flag of France.svg  Christophe Lemaitre  (FRA)
2013 Moscow ( details )Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Warren Weir  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Curtis Mitchell  (USA)
2015 Beijing ( details )Flag of Jamaica.svg  Usain Bolt  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Justin Gatlin  (USA)Flag of South Africa.svg  Anaso Jobodwana  (RSA)
2017 London ( details )Flag of Turkey.svg  Ramil Guliyev  (TUR)Flag of South Africa.svg  Wayde van Niekerk  (RSA)Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Jereem Richards  (TTO)
2019 Doha ( details )Flag of the United States.svg  Noah Lyles  (USA)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Andre De Grasse  (CAN)Flag of Ecuador.svg  Álex Quiñónez  (ECU)

Women

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1983 Helsinki
details
Flag of East Germany.svg  Marita Koch  (GDR)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Kathy Smallwood-Cook  (GBR)
1987 Rome
details
Flag of East Germany.svg  Silke Gladisch  (GDR)Flag of the United States.svg  Florence Griffith-Joyner  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)
1991 Tokyo
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Katrin Krabbe  (GER)Flag of the United States.svg  Gwen Torrence  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)
1993 Stuttgart
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Gwen Torrence  (USA)Flag of Russia.svg  Irina Privalova  (RUS)
1995 Gothenburg
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)Flag of Russia.svg  Irina Privalova  (RUS)Flag of Russia.svg  Galina Malchugina  (RUS)
1997 Athens
details
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Zhanna Pintusevich-Block  (UKR)Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Susanthika Jayasinghe  (SRI)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)
1999 Seville
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Inger Miller  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Beverly McDonald  (JAM)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Frazer  (JAM)
Flag of Germany.svg  Andrea Philipp  (GER)
2001 Edmonton
details
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Debbie Ferguson  (BAH)Flag of the United States.svg  LaTasha Jenkins  (USA)Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg  Cydonie Mothersille  (CAY)
2003 Saint-Denis
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Anastasiya Kapachinskaya  (RUS)Flag of the United States.svg  Torri Edwards  (USA)Flag of France.svg  Muriel Hurtis  (FRA)
2005 Helsinki
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Allyson Felix  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Rachelle Boone-Smith  (USA)Flag of France.svg  Christine Arron  (FRA)
2007 Osaka
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Allyson Felix  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Veronica Campbell  (JAM)Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Susanthika Jayasinghe  (SRI)
2009 Berlin
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Allyson Felix  (USA)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Veronica Campbell-Brown  (JAM)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Debbie Ferguson-McKenzie  (BAH)
2011 Daegu
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Veronica Campbell-Brown  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  Carmelita Jeter  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Allyson Felix  (USA)
2013 Moscow
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce  (JAM)Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Murielle Ahouré  (CIV)Flag of Nigeria.svg  Blessing Okagbare  (NGR)
2015 Beijing
details
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Dafne Schippers  (NED)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Elaine Thompson  (JAM)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Veronica Campbell-Brown  (JAM)
2017 London
details
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Dafne Schippers  (NED)Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Marie-Josée Ta Lou  (CIV)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Shaunae Miller-Uibo  (BAH)
2019 Doha
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Dina Asher-Smith  (GBR)Flag of the United States.svg  Brittany Brown  (USA)Flag of Switzerland.svg  Mujinga Kambundji  (SUI)

World Indoor Championships medalists

Men

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1985 Paris [A] Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Aleksandr Yevgenyev  (URS)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Ade Mafe  (GBR)Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  João Batista da Silva  (BRA)
1987 Indianapolis
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Kirk Baptiste  (USA)Flag of France.svg  Bruno Marie-Rose  (FRA)Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Robson da Silva  (BRA)
1989 Budapest
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  John Regis  (GBR)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Ade Mafe  (GBR)Flag of the United States.svg  Kevin Little  (USA)
1991 Seville
details
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Nikolay Antonov  (BUL)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Linford Christie  (GBR)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Ade Mafe  (GBR)
1993 Toronto
details
Flag of the United States.svg  James Trapp  (USA)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Damien Marsh  (AUS)Flag of the United States.svg  Kevin Little  (USA)
1995 Barcelona
details
Flag of Norway.svg  Geir Moen  (NOR)Flag of Bermuda.svg  Troy Douglas  (BER)Flag of Chile.svg  Sebastián Keitel  (CHI)
1997 Paris
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Kevin Little  (USA)Flag of Cuba.svg  Iván García  (CUB)Flag of Nigeria.svg  Francis Obikwelu  (NGR)
1999 Maebashi
details
Flag of Namibia.svg  Frankie Fredericks  (NAM)Flag of Barbados.svg  Obadele Thompson  (BAR)Flag of the United States.svg  Kevin Little  (USA)
2001 Lisbon
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Shawn Crawford  (USA)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Christian Malcolm  (GBR)Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Patrick van Balkom  (NED)
2003 Birmingham
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Marlon Devonish  (GBR)Flag of Cameroon.svg  Joseph Batangdon  (CMR)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Dominic Demeritte  (BAH)
2004 Budapest
details
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Dominic Demeritte  (BAH)Flag of Sweden.svg  Johan Wissman  (SWE)Flag of Germany.svg  Tobias Unger  (GER)

Women

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1985 Paris [A] Flag of East Germany.svg  Marita Koch  (GDR)Flag of France.svg  Marie-Christine Cazier  (FRA)Flag of New Zealand.svg  Kim Robertson  (NZL)
1987 Indianapolis
details
Flag of East Germany.svg  Heike Drechsler  (GDR)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey-Page  (JAM)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Grace Jackson  (JAM)
1989 Budapest
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Grace Jackson  (JAM)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Natalya Kovtun  (URS)
1991 Seville
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Merlene Ottey  (JAM)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Irina Sergeyeva  (URS)Flag of Germany.svg  Grit Breuer  (GER)
1993 Toronto
details
Flag of Russia (1991-1993).svg  Irina Privalova  (RUS)Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Melinda Gainsford  (AUS)Flag of Russia (1991-1993).svg  Natalya Voronova  (RUS)
1995 Barcelona
details
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Melinda Gainsford  (AUS)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Pauline Davis  (BAH)Flag of Russia.svg  Natalya Voronova  (RUS)
1997 Paris
details
Flag of Greece.svg  Ekaterini Koffa  (GRE)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Juliet Cuthbert  (JAM)Flag of Russia.svg  Svetlana Goncharenko  (RUS)
1999 Maebashi
details
Flag of Romania.svg  Ionela Târlea  (ROU)Flag of Russia.svg  Svetlana Goncharenko  (RUS)Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Pauline Davis  (BAH)
2001 Lisbon
details
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Juliet Campbell  (JAM)Flag of the United States.svg  LaTasha Jenkins  (USA)Flag of Belarus.svg  Natalya Vinogradova-Safronnikova  (BLR)
2003 Birmingham
details
Flag of France.svg  Muriel Hurtis-Houairi  (FRA)Flag of Russia.svg  Anastasiya Kapachinskaya  (RUS)Flag of Jamaica.svg  Juliet Campbell  (JAM)
2004 Budapest
details
Flag of Belarus.svg  Natallia Safronnikava  (BLR)Flag of Russia.svg  Svetlana Goncharenko  (RUS)Flag of Austria.svg  Karin Mayr-Krifka  (AUT)

Season's best

Related Research Articles

400 metres Sprint running event

The 400 metres, or 400-metre dash, is a sprinting event in track and field competitions. It has been featured in the athletics programme at the Summer Olympics since 1896 for men and since 1964 for women. On a standard outdoor running track, it is one lap around the track. Runners start in staggered positions and race in separate lanes for the entire course. In many countries, athletes previously competed in the 440-yard dash (402.336 m)—which is a quarter of a mile and was referred to as the 'quarter-mile'—instead of the 400 m (437.445 yards), though this distance is now obsolete.

Justin Gatlin American sprinter

Justin Gatlin is an American sprinter who specializes in the 100 and 200 metres events. He is a 5-time Olympic medalist and a 12-time World Championship medalist. He is the 2004 Olympic Champion in the 100 metres, the 2005 and 2017 100 metres World Champion, and the 2005 World Champion in the 200 metres. Gatlin is a two-time 60 metres World Champion in 2003 and 2012, and the 2019 4 x 100 metres World Champion. Gatlin was banned from competing between 2006 and 2010 by USADA for failing a drugs test, testing positive for testosterone.

100 metres Sprint race

The 100 metres, or 100-metre dash, is a sprint race in track and field competitions. The shortest common outdoor running distance, it is one of the most popular and prestigious events in the sport of athletics. It has been contested at the Summer Olympics since 1896 for men and since 1928 for women. The World Championships 100 metres has been contested since 1983.

60 metres

60 metres, or 60-meter dash, is a sprint event in track and field. It is a championship event for indoor championships, normally dominated by the best outdoor 100 metres runners. At outdoor venues it is a rare distance, at least for senior athletes. The format of the event is similar to other sprint distances. The sprinters follow three initial instructions: 'ready', instructing them to take up position in the starting blocks; 'set', instructing them to adopt a more efficient starting posture, which also isometrically preloads their muscles. This will enable them to start faster. The final instruction is the firing of the starter's pistol. Upon hearing this the sprinters stride forwards from the blocks.

Michael Frater Jamaican sprinter

Michael Frater O.D is a Jamaican sprinter who specialises in the 100 metres event. He won a silver medal at the 2005 World Championships and a gold medal at the 2003 Pan American Games for the event.

Tyson Gay American sprinter

Tyson Gay is an American track and field sprinter who competes in the 100 and 200 meters dash. His 100 m personal best of 9.69 seconds is the American record and makes him tied for the second fastest athlete ever, along with Yohan Blake.

1500 metres

The 1500 metres or 1,500-metre run is the foremost middle distance track event in athletics. The distance has been contested at the Summer Olympics since 1896 and the World Championships in Athletics since 1983. It is equivalent to 1.5 kilometers or approximately 1516 miles.

5000 metres Long-distance track running event

The 5000 metres or 5000-metre run is a common long-distance running event in track and field. It is one of the track events in the Olympic Games and the World Championships in Athletics, run over 12.5 laps of a standard track. The same distance in road running is called a 5K run. The 5000 m has been present on the Olympic programme since 1912 for men and since 1996 for women. Prior to 1996, women had competed in an Olympic 3000 metres race since 1984. The 5000 m has been held at each of the World Championships in Athletics in men's competition and since 1995 in women's.

Usain Bolt Jamaican sprinter

Usain St Leo Bolt, is a Jamaican retired sprinter, widely considered to be the greatest sprinter of all time. He is a world record holder in the 100 metres, 200 metres and 4 × 100 metres relay.

Walter Dix American sprinter

Walter Dix is a retired American sprinter who specialized in the 100 meters and 200 meters. He is the fifth-fastest 200-meter runner ever with a best of 19.53 seconds, and has broken the 10-second barrier in the 100 meters, with a best of 9.88 (9.80w) seconds. He was the only track athlete from USA to win 2 individual Olympic medals in Beijing.

Yohan Blake Jamaican sprinter

Yohan Blake, is a Jamaican sprinter of the 100-metre and 200-metre sprint races. He won gold at the 100 m at the 2011 World Championships as the youngest 100 m world champion ever, and a silver medal in the 2012 Olympic Games in London in the 100 m and 200 m races for the Jamaican team.

Nesta Carter Jamaican sprinter

Nesta Carter OD is a Jamaican sprinter who specializes in the 100 metres event. Carter has been successful as part of the Jamaican 4 x 100 metres relay team, taking gold and setting successive world records at the 2011 World Championships and 2012 London Olympics. He also won a 4 x 100m silver medal at the 2007 World Championship and a gold at the 2015 World Championships. On August 11, 2013, Carter secured an individual 100m World Championship bronze medal in Moscow, behind Justin Gatlin and teammate Usain Bolt. He followed this with another gold in the 4 x 100 metres relay.

150 metres

150 metres is a sprint event in track and field. It is a very rarely contested non-championship and not an IAAF-recognised event. Given the proportion of standard running tracks, the event typically incorporates a bend when held in a track and field stadium, although some especially-built tracks allow the event to take place entirely on a straight.

Trayvon Bromell American sprinter

Trayvon Jaquez Bromell is an American professional track and field athlete specializing in sprinting events. He was the first junior to break the 10-second barrier in the 100 meters with a time of 9.97 seconds, the current junior world record. Bromell's personal best time in the 100 m of 9.84 s, ran a few weeks before he turned 20 years of age, is also the fastest that any teenager has ever run in the event. He is the 2016 world indoor 60 m champion and competed for the United States at the 2016 Summer Olympics.

Christian Coleman American sprinter

Christian Coleman is a currently suspended American professional track and field sprinter who competes in the 100-meter dash and 200-meter dash. He is the current world champion in the 100 meters. He was a double medallist at the World Championships in Athletics in 2017, winning silver medals in both the 100 m and 4 × 100-meter relay. He holds personal records of 9.76 seconds for the 100 m and 19.85 for the 200 m, and is also the world indoor record holder for the 60-meter dash with 6.34 seconds. He was IAAF Diamond League champion in 2018 and the world number one ranked runner in the 100 m for the 2017 and 2018 seasons.

Noah Lyles American sprinter

Noah Lyles is an American professional track and field athlete specializing in the sprints. He holds personal bests of 9.86 seconds for the 100 meters and 19.50 seconds for the 200 meters. Lyles holds the 300-meters indoor world best with a time of 31.87 seconds from the 2017 USA Indoor Championships.

Fred Kerley American sprinter

Fredrick Lee Kerley is an American track and field sprinter competing primarily in the 400 meters distance. He has earned several medals at the World Championships in the 400 m and 4 × 400 m relay including an individual bronze and a relay gold at the 2019 edition. Kerley's personal best time of 43.64 seconds makes him the eighth fastest man in history over 400 m.

Kenny Bednarek American sprinter

Kenneth Bednarek, is an American track and field sprinter. On May 17, 2019, running as a freshman for Indian Hills Community College in Ottumwa, Iowa at the age of 20, he ran the fourth fastest 200 meters of all time, under any conditions, running 19.49 at altitude with an exceptionally strong 6.1 mps aiding wind in the semi-finals of the NJCAA National Championships in Hobbs, New Mexico. The following day, Bednarek proved his speed by running 19.82 into a -0.8 headwind and running a 44.73 400 meters on the same day, becoming the NJCAA national champion in both events. 19.82 displaced Olympic gold medalist Tommie Smith's former world record for the #30 fastest legal race of all time. Six men have run faster into a negative wind, but -0.8 is the strongest hindering wind against any athlete to break 19.95.

References

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